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federal support of 

graduate education... 

cannot be expected to 

continue indefinitely 

unless it can be demon* 

strated that substantial 

benefits to society result 

from that support." 

Richard L. Predmore 

"I believe that graduate 
schools throughout the 
country... will free them* 
selves in time from the 
muck of career *think' 
ing and its self 'center- 
ed interests." 

John H. McElroy 

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Ann II 



Does Graduate Education 
Deserve Public Support 

By Richard L. Predmore 
Dean of the Graduate School 

SUBSTANTIAL federal support 
of graduate education, such as 
has been provided by the Na- 
tional Defense Education Act, 
cannot be expected to continue in- 
definitely unless it can be demonstrated 
that substantial benefits to society result 
from that support. 

The ideas I wish to present in sup- 
port of this belief start with the pre- 
carious condition of the world, proceed 
to inquire whether graduate education 
bears any responsibility for that condi- 
tion, and go on to suggest in what ways 
it does and how, finally, something con- 
structive might be done about it. 
Neither my interpretation of the cur- 
rent situation nor the remedies I pro- 
pose pretend to be utterly novel. On 
the other hand, I would not have 
bothered to write this paper, if I had 
believed its message to be sufficiently 
reflected in the current practices of 
graduate education. 

I have a file full of quotations by all 

sorts of distinguished men so worried 
about the state of the world that at cer- 
tain points in their speaking and writing 
they sound more like Old Testament 
prophets of doom than they do like 
professors and writers. The things that 
worry them are the familiar problems 
of pollution, disturbed ecological 
balances, diminishing natural resources, 
overcrowding, poverty, famine, noise, 
loss of privacy, war, crumbling social 
and political institutions, and other 
similar ills. I will not take the space 
required to record representative 
samples of the worried comments I have 
collected. I will merely say that for 
some informed commentators "worry" 
would be too weak a word. Responsi- 
ble thinkers have gone so far as to 
inquire whether there is still time to 
save our civilization or whether we 
have set in motion processes that are 
already irreversible and ultimately dis- 
astrous. But what does all this have to 
do with graduate education? Let me 
attempt a first answer to this question 
with some broad statements that may 
contain elements of exaggeration but 
that may also have the virtue of vigor- 
ously calling attention to possible 
dangers worth pondering. 

All of the evils listed in the preceding 

paragraph are more or less inter-related, 
and all are associated in one way or an- 
other with our contemporary tech- 
nological civilization. Since the advent 
of Sputnik I, it has become increasingly 
clear that the power of our technologi- 
cal civilization is generated in our uni- 
versities, particularly in their graduate 
schools. We have tended quite natural- 
ly to take satisfaction in the comfort, 
power, and prosperity that we have 
helped to create. But — almost over- 
night it seems — what were held to be 
the very contributions of our univer- 
sities to society are being called into 
question by all kinds of people, includ- 
ing our restless and dissatisfied students. 
They believe that our universities not 
only tend to reflect the society in which 
they exist but also to reinforce its 
present tendencies and to accelerate its 
future evolution. If there is any validity 
to this statement, then perhaps it is fair 
to formulate another one even more 
explicitly alarming: If perchance 
society is evolving, like the ancient 
dinosaurs, in ways inimical to its 
chances of survival, then university 
contributions to its evolution along 
present trend lines will hasten its final 
destruction. If graduate deans are able 
to find even a kernel of truth in this 

proposition, they are thereby gravely re- 
minded that graduate education will 
not long continue to receive generous 
support unless it is able to contribute in 
a creative and civilizing way to the 
revolutionary changes through which 
society seems destined to pass. 

I do not suggest that graduate edu- 
cation is directly responsible for the 
major ills that afflict society. All that 
I suggest for the moment is that it 
trains specialists to satisfy the advanced 
personnel needs of a society in bitter 
crisis, and one that seems to operate 
largely on the assumption that the vast 
complexities of our age can be handled 
so long as we produce enough special- 
ists to match the supposed needs of all 
the components of these complexities. 
As you all know, the "narrow special- 
ization" of graduate education has long 
been the subject of much criticism. I 
am coming to believe that we have 
taken that criticism too lightly, and that 
it is naive to think that any number of 
specialists acting as specialists can be 
expected to solve the big problems of 
our age. Indeed, one of the crowning 
ironies of our age may be that our 
highest educational endeavor concen- 
trates on the training of narrow special- 
ists while our most desperate need is 
for people capable of dealing not with 
simplified abstractions from reality but 
with reality in something like its full 

The kind of individuals I suggest are 
in short supply are often called general- 
ists. You may think I am leading up 
to a call for formal graduate programs 
aimed at producing generalists, but 
such is not the case. I do not know 
anybody confident he understands the 
secret of training generalists, nor to 
what department or departments the 
mission of training them could be as- 
signed, nor anyone likely to trust a 
newly created department of generali- 
ties; and even if all these obstacles did 
not exist, there is scarcely room enough 
in a Ph.D. program for most students to 
achieve competence in one major field. 
Still, is it not possible that their edu- 
cation could be conducted in such a 
way as to encourage a greater aware- 
ness of the contemporary world and a 
concerned sense of what their disci- 

plines might contribute to the grave 
problems that beset it? Sometimes their 
concern might reveal itself in research 
applied to those problems, but what I 
am really urging is the attempted in- 
culcation of attitudes and habits of 
mind that might go a long way toward 
equipping specialists to function as 
generalists. Let me illustrate what I 
mean by applying this notion first to 
the training of future scientists. I shall 
devote more attention to them than to 
prospective humanists and social 
scientists, not because of my com- 
petence in science but because science 
has become for good and ill so potent a 
force in the modern world. 

A possible place to start this part of 
the discussion might be Archibald Mac- 
Leish's recent statement that science 
and technology can no longer be al- 
lowed to invent whatever worlds they 
happen to invent, or with Rene Dubos' 
statement that we must not ask where 
science and technology are taking us 
but rather how we can manage science 
and technology so that they can help us 
get where we want to go {Saturday Re- 
view, July 13, 1968, pp. 15, 16). I do 
not mean to insinuate through the 
words of these men that individual 
scientists should be held accountable 
for whatever applications of their 
scientific discoveries happen to be 
made. Nevertheless, it is true that 
many of science's great conquests over 
nature are followed by the sinister 
shadows of the equally great problem 
arising out of them. Of all the citizens 
of our country, scientists are the ones 
best equipped to understand these 
problems and to alert society to their 
hazards. Of course there are scientists 
already playing this role, but just as 
there are humanists fairly accused of 
living in ivory towers so are there also 
scientists enthralled in their laborato- 
ries, apparently not interested in the 
ultimate consequences of what they are 
doing. So one thing graduate depart- 
ments of science might usefully try to 
do in a conscious and continuing way 
is to instill in their students some sense 
of responsibility to help protect society 
against the probable consequences of 
whatever applications of science ap- 
pear unfavorable to human welfare. 

A second area to which scientists 
might well pay increasing attention is 
that of science education for the non- 
specialist. For reasons too obvious to 
mention, it is imperative that science be 
better understood among the public at 
large. To accomplish this purpose ef- 
fectively, graduate students in science 
should be brought up to understand 
that the enlargement of public under- 
standing of science is as worthy of their 
best efforts and as important to their 
continuing success as their personal re- 
search. One way of undertaking this 
responsibility would be by the imagina- 
tive creation of undergraduate courses 
not primarily intended to produce more 
science majors but to enhance the 
potential usefulness of general educa- 

AS we turn now from grad- 
uate education in the sci- 
ences to graduate education 
in the social sciences, would 
it be fair to ask a question like this: 
Assuming that universities may prop- 
erly be expected to allocate their 
material resources and human energies 
with some regard to the perilous state 
of the world, what sort of research 
seems likely to make the greater contri- 
bution to human welfare (not to men- 
tion human survival), research designed 
to throw new light on the unsolved 
problems of nuclear physics and 
molecular biology or research designed 
to throw new light on problems of 
poverty, of race relations, and of war 
and peace? If it is the second group of 
problems, could one discover this by 
analyzing the research publications of 
social scientists and their graduate stu- 
dents? I believe the answer is, No; and 
it may be that some of the serious prob- 
lems of our day cannot be solved by 
any presently-known methods of em- 
pirical research. Even if for the present 
this were admitted, are there not im- 
portant issues to be clarified and goals 
to be suggested? Those who are them- 
selves social scientists will know better 
than I how much of a case can be made 
for conducting the graduate training of 
their students in such a way as to en- 
courage a sense of responsibility for the 
social relevance of their disciplines. If 

volume 55/number 1/february 1969. The duke alumni register is published in February, March, May, June, August, September, November, and 
December by Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. Subscription rate: $3.00 per year. Advertising rates upon request. Change of address 
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not much of a case can be made, it is 
hard to imagine in the near future a 
generously-supported National Founda- 
tion for the Social Sciences. 

I would guess that academic human- 
ists as a group pay less attention to the 
real world about them than do the 
scientists and social scientists I have 
been criticizing. Some of them have 
done superb work within the narrowly- 
defined frontiers of their disciplines, but 
if one were to attempt to judge them by 
their effectively expressed concern over 
the major problems of our times, by 
their eagerness to inform themselves of 
the forces and conditions that create 
those problems, or by their conscien- 
tious efforts to teach their subjects in 
ways calculated to prepare their stu- 
dents to face today's world and if 
possible to contribute to the re-human- 
izing of it, I am afraid the judgment 
would not be so favorable. In fact, 
some would reject any intimation that 
they were obliged to find in their 
subjects any relevance to life in thz 
final decades of the 20th century. I 
hope this attitude will not prevail, be- 
cause many signs suggest that today the 
humanities are wanted and needed 
more than at any time in recent 
memory. If this is true, it presents re- 
newed opportunity for academic 
humanists to enlarge their usefulness. 

As you can see, what I am finally 
getting around to is the ancient question 
of what education is for. If it is for the 
improvement of human life, then we 
have also to ask whether it can be 
managed with the deliberate intent of 
achieving that goal. All of us would 
like to assume that what we were 
doing was pointed in that direction, but 
it is not clear how much management 
we would willingly tolerate. In fact, it 
is a delicate matter even to formulate 
what I am trying to say without ap- 
pearing to attack some of the articles 
of faith on which we were raised, such 
as, "knowledge is it's own excuse for 
being," and "the truth shall make you 
free." The trouble is that we live in a 
time when the pursuit of one kind of 
truth can lead to Hiroshima. Even in 
the light of such sobering thoughts as 
that, I am not advocating that graduate 
education proscribe any areas of intel- 
lectual activity but only that it go about 
its business deeply aware of the state of 
the world and of its responsibilities in 

such a world. I do not believe it 
generally does at present. 

Let me end this jeremiad with a few 
possibly practical suggestions for edu- 
cating specialists in such a way that 
they might turn out to be more than 
specialists. On many campuses, grad- 
uate departments organize bi-weekly or 
monthly colloquia to bring distin- 
guished professors to speak to their 
students. I observe on my own campus 
that these speakers often use their 
meetings with students and staff to 
describe their latest research. I am sure 
that this is frequently valuable and 
interesting, but it is not likely to con- 
tribute to the student's education any 
new understanding of his discipline 
viewed in relation to something bigger 
than his discipline. Why couldn't more 
of these colloquia be devoted to a dis- 
cussion of a discipline as it appears to 
relate to other disciplines, to long-range 
developments and possible applications, 
to the needs of society, to relevant 
questions of public policy, to legal and 
moral issues, or to whatever other issues 
might be appropriate to the individual 

If I were chairman of a graduate 
department and free to innovate, I 
would invite each year a distinguished 
professor from another department to 
give a one-semester course on whatever 
aspect of his specialty he considered of 
broadest interest and value to non- 
specialists. Not all of the invited profes- 
sors would accept my invitation and 
not all of the courses given by those 
who did accept would turn out to be 
good or even appropriate. Neverthe- 
less, is it ridiculous to suppose that 
some of the invited professors would 
create memorable courses out of the 
opportunity to relate their special in- 
sights and knowledge to general culture, 
and that some of my majors would ac- 
quire in their courses new perspectives 
otherwise difficult for them to attain? 
Do you find it hard to imagine benefit 
to students of the humanities from a 
one-semester course called "Humanistic 
Biology" given by Rene Dubos? I take 
the title for this imagined course from 
an article published by him in The 
American Scholar (Spring 1965). Or 
what about a course on "Science and 
Human Values" offered to philosophy 
students by J. Bronowski? Or a course 
on linguistics for psychology students 

by Noam Chomsky? These names are 
meant to be suggestive only. The idea 
is to try to shake up some of the old 
modes of thinking. 

Still pursuing the idea of enlarging 
perspectives without sacrificing sound 
training in the student's major field, I 
would suggest that he be allowed to 
choose a minor with no limitations 
whatsoever as to subject matter. He 
could include in his minor one or more 
of the special courses alluded to above 
or he could elect graduate courses from 
other departments. Whatever the minor 
he put together, he would be expected 
to pass an examination in it and to 
defend its inclusion in his Ph.D. pro- 
gram. As you can see, I wish to allow 
graduate students to assume an en- 
larged responsibility for their own grad- 
uate programs even if this involves the 
introduction into those programs of 
utterly novel elements. There is surely 
a chance that some of the elements 
might be found worthy of imitation by 
other students in the field. 

TO sum up, should not grad- 
uate education be organized 
in such a way as to encourage 
the sympathetic consideration 
of change rather than to resist it? I 
think it should, and I suggest that the 
attitudes and practices proposed in this 
paper would contribute to that end and 
would help to cure the deficiencies of 
extreme specialization without prevent- 
ing the achievement of specialized com- 
petence in established fields. I believe 
it is always good for a discipline to 
subject itself to some pressure for 
change, whether this pressure stems 
from the close-range attraction of other 
disciplines or from the personal inter- 
ests of individual students. I believe 
that disciplines willing to subject them- 
selves to such pressures will be 
strengthened rather than weakened, 
and, above all, I believe they will find 
themselves in better condition to serve 
a society whose present values are in 
crisis and whose future values remain 
to be discovered. 

Dr. Predmore delivered this paper in 
December, 1968, before the Council of 
Graduate Schools in the United States. 
A professor of Romance languages, he 
will relinquish his deanship in June to 
return to teaching and research. 

WHEN I accepted the 
invitation to comment 
on Dean Predmore's 
assessment of the needs 
for change in graduate education in the 
United States, I did not do it with a 
sense of relish. Three years ago I took 
my Duke doctorate in American litera- 
ture and went to teach at the University 
of Wisconsin. I understand now the 
tentativeness of Dean Predmore's re- 
marks. Not much can be said today 
with conviction and accuracy about 
higher education. As someone thirty- 
five years old I appreciate the direction 
of his thought, his desire for control, 
and also feel the why and wherefore 
and urgency of today's students. 

The one thing — one great true thing — 
that I wish Dean Predmore had said 
about the situation in the United States 
today in regard to our system of higher 
education is that the functioning of that 
system is too much like a big business. 

By John H. McElroy Ph.D. '66 
Assistant Professor of English 

There is much too much talk of money, 
and striving for personal profit, and 
far too much gut-churning pressure. 
Considerations of power politics, prod- 
uct design and production, publicity, 
market analyses, intra-organization, 
quality-controls, marketing, and public 
relations crowd the minds of "non- 
tenure personnel." The jargon is from 
the business world, but I am sure there 
is not a university in the land which has 
a graduate school where the analogous 
realities will not be found. The young- 
er personnel have learned this way of 
thinking from tenured professors, or at 

least have not learned to think any 
better from them or their example. If 
there is any validity to the guild struc- 
ture of graduate school faculties, then 
tenured professors have a responsibility 
for instruction that is a great deal more 
intricate and demanding than their ob- 
vious responsibility to graduate stu- 
dents. Yet, I received recently from 
my department chairman a question- 
naire entitled "Fact-Finding Data Sheet 
for Non-Tenure Personnel" — the an- 
swers to which to be used in deciding 
whether to offer me a permanent con- 
tract to teach at the University of 
Wisconsin or to fire me. 

Anyone of experience can tell you 
that the number of publications is not 
the most important fact considered 
during one of those grave deliberations, 
nor any other facts gathered from a 
data sheet. Character is. A gamble is 
taken on a guess about a man's char- 
acter, though this is a truth which few 

of the tenure personnel would care to 
admit. For one reason, few men in 
their late twenties or early thirties, 
whether scientists or humanists, have 
done much that is worth serious judg- 
ment. The best work ordinarily comes 
later when tenure is no longer a lure, 
when a book is done more for the sake 
of its maturity than for the value of its 
publicity. I do not know why the il- 
lusion and pressure of an opposite 
priority are maintained. Perhaps it is 
only ritual. 

(I had a wild thought once of the 
possible effect of guaranteeing the pub- 
lication of dissertations in the human- 
ities and then professionally prohibiting 
these writers from publishing anything 
else for a period of ten years. An even 
wilder idea, for the restructuring of 
higher education in the United States, 
would be to make it customary to give 
the Degree of Philosophy for com- 
pletion of certain courses of higher 

learning; the Degree of Teacher for 
taking additional courses of study plus 
completing a certain period of ele- 
mentary teaching; the Degree of 
Scholar for publishing no more than, 
say, three articles or monographs over 
a ten-year period; and the Degree of 
Humanist for a book of general interest 
or value in some area of major human 
concern — including of course sciences. 
Perhaps the Degree of Publicist might 
be created for those who wanted or 
needed to publish more.) 

In the humanities, I daresay, not one 
graduate student in fifty enters grad- 
uate school thinking about the profits 
and shape of his future career. The 
fresh graduate student, even now, 
though less so now than a decade ago, 
is not usually a calculating creature 
interested in measurable success. He 
wishes the higher level of intellectual 
excitement and conceptualization which 
the term "Higher Education" promised 

him as an undergraduate. He still seeks 
that and something else besides which 
he cannot quite express in words, al- 
though he suggests it whenever he says 
of a course, "I got something out of it." 
Students are very difficult to disillusion. 
Only by systematic perserverance do 
we manage it. It is the sources of this 
universal disappointment of students 
that should be looked into in any as- 
sessment of higher education. 

Dean Predmore speaks in his paper 
consistently about the need for chang- 
ing graduate education so that it would 
become useful and effective in the salva- 
tion of society. I say that so long as 
American graduate schools are thought 
of as career-training centers, the ideal- 
ism which could be effective in leading 
to spiritual engagement will continue 
to be — as it is now — smothered in its 
cradle. I believe that graduate schools 
throughout the country (the best ones 
taking the initiative because they are 

the best) will free themselves in time 
from the muck of career-thinking and 
its self-centered interests. I do not 
see the inevitability of disaster. What I 
do see is a need for daring. 

THE spirit of the humanist 
must be realized if higher edu- 
cation is to have a saving ef- 
fect in the nation's life. It 
will be unnecessary then, when higher 
education in America becomes freer 
than it has ever been, to require stu- 
dents in science to take courses outside 
their specialty in order to accomplish 
the humanization of outlook which 
Dean Predmore spoke of: provided 
that there is a genuine humanization of 
the humanities. But that cannot happen 
unless it is first realized that this spirit 
is immeasurable. It does not fit itself 
to statistical analysis, definitive goals, or 
any sort of control. It is a full, free, 
dangerous spirit loyal only to itself. 
When it prevails in graduate schools 
across the country, it will soon infect 
scientists, just as the prevailing scientific 
spirit of the last fifty years has infected 
the humanists. Peace in the mind, 
freedom in the heart, comfort in the 
extended hand, tolerance of plurality 
and thankfulness for it — these qualities 
indicate but do not define the human- 
istic spirit. 

Perhaps this spirit is unteachable in 
the ordinary sense that we teach a first- 
grader his letters and then test him to 
see if he has learned them all and 
learned them well. I rather think it is 
unteachable in that sense. But it was the 
desire to learn the shape of higher life, 
a life more integral of thought and 
deed, which led to the formation of 
universities in the thirteenth century 
and which still leads young men and 
women today to the doors of univer- 
sities where we turn them away like 
beggars, with a dole and a few words 
of commiseration. We tell them to be 
patient, that their desire to integrate 
spirit and act will pass away, that it is 
not the serious business of life, that it 
is merely a youthful stage prefatory to 
the serious business. 

We are afraid of our humanity. This 
I believe is the hard, sad truth about 
the leadership of higher education in 
this country today. We are afraid of 
the immeasurable potential of the hu- 
man soul. We are busy denying its 

existence and strength. We are busy 
funding changes but (understandably) 
afraid to change. 

In the earliest times of university life 
the Catholic Church was supreme. The 
authority of Christianity, although vary- 
ing from place to place in Europe, made 
a community of the most learned men. 
Universities formed around such men 
who were also willing teachers. In- 
spiration was thus the reason for uni- 
versity bodies in the first place, and it 
must again become the reason for them. 
Our inspiration will not be the same as 
that of the past — no. We have been 
believing too long in a false inspiration. 
Our structures shall have to be changed 
to get what we want. Too long we have 
fitted ourselves to old patterns. Re- 
newal is called for, again. Scientific 
knowledge seemed to promise freedom 
through unlimited power. What is 
needed, however, is knowledge beyond 
power and freedom from all powers 
whatsoever, though I do not under- 
stand yet what that means. 

I think it may have been in 1962 
that I sat in a conference room 
in Flowers Building and listened 
to graduate school deans from 
around the South talk about the cost- 
space factors of producing a Doctor of 
Philosophy. Six or seven years, they 
thought, was too costly. The time had 
to be cut down, to three preferably. 
These men — men of honest character, 
good-intentions, and considerable intel- 
ligence of social problems — talked 
exactly as I have heard managers talk 
in the factory town where I grew up. 
(Deans at colleges and small univer- 
sities should know better than to think 
that size is the essential feature of a 
factory.) Those educational managers 
spoke also from an American demo- 
cratic tradition: they considered more 
Ph.D.'s a good thing. And they were 
determined to produce more Ph.D.'s. 
This is all wrong. It was my first 
memorable shock about higher educa- 

Democratic educators are not in a 
war with any enemy. Education against 
something does not deserve the name. 
We should not engage in a productions 
race. We do not need ever larger 
masses of soldiers armed with Ph.D.'s. 
We need to believe that; secondly, we 
need to believe that education is the 

formation of faith, never the consump- 
tion of data or dogma. It would also be 
helpful in my judgment if we decided 
amongst ourselves once and for all, in 
a quiet sort of way, that the sources 
and uses of the highest education are 
not very predictable. This decision 
might save us from an unhealthy "pro- 
fessionalism" and foolish competition. 

Look closely in any graduate school 
in the United States where the hu- 
manistic disciplines are taught, and 
you will find groups of men (both 
tenure and non-tenure personnel) think- 
ing about departmental politics, uni- 
versity politics, professional advance- 
ment, salary improvement, fringe 
benefits, office assignments, rank and 
prestige — and, "standards." You will 
find the committee instinct. Where you 
do not find committee-men you will 
find businessmen disguised as professors 
of the humanities; you will find suavity 
parading as tolerance; you will find 
anger used to defend freedom; you will 
find the spirit of dissension, fault-find- 
ing, bickering, and competition in full 
measure; and you will find not a little 
fear, cynicism, and exhaustion. 

The opposite to this are the men at 
Duke and other schools whose char- 
acter keeps alive a wider faith in man- 
kind and whose spirit creates in others 
a yearning for self-composure. The 
humanistic spirit which they inspire is 
the most valuable possession of men 
today. It is the only antidote I know 
for our sickness. It is a spirit shared 
by all sorts and conditions of men, in- 
cluding professors of science and men 
of no formal higher education at all. 

And I want to say, finally, that 
higher education in the United States 
should become much more conserva- 
tive. It should help to conserve the 
idealism of young men and women; to 
strengthen what young people naturally 
want so that it can survive into middle- 
and old-age and become a living com- 
munal tradition, not just a recurring 
stage of development in each genera- 
tion. Higher education should try to 
teach peace and goodness as directly as 
possible without sentimentality. 

Dr. McElroy, who also took his master's 
at Duke, is assistant professor of English 
at the University of Wisconsin. He and 
his family are in Spain for the year on 
a Fulbright Lectureship. 

The Hearing for Afro- American Demonstrators 

Forty-eight of the black students 
who participated in the occupa- 
tion of Allen Building on February 1 3 
were found guilty of violating the 
University's Pickets and Protests 
Policy and placed on probation for 
one year. The Hearing Committee 
ruled that if during this time any of 
the students are found guilty of vio- 
lating any disciplinary rule, they will 
be automatically suspended. 

The Hearing Committee was chaired 
by Dean of the Law School, August 
Pye, and included Dr. Hans Hiller- 
brand of the history department, Dr. 
Edward Jones of the psychology 
department, Charles Williams, chair- 
man of the Men's Judicial Board, and 
Miss Hazel Buys, a member of the 
Woman's College Judicial Board. 
After listening to more than seven 
hours of testimony and arguments 
from the defense and prosecution, and 
following three hours of deliberation, 
the committee rendered its verdict and 
issued the following statement: 

The Committee accepts the plea and 
finds all defendants guilty of a violation 
of the Regulations on Pickets, Protests 
and Demonstrations. 

We find that the defendants occupied 
the first floor of Allen Building, interfer- 
ing thereby with the operations of the 
University which are normally carried 
out there for a period of at least one day. 

The Committee also finds that in the 
process of occupying the building several 
University employees were treated dis- 
courteously and placed in fear; however, 
no University employee was harmed. 
Some University property was damaged, 
but the evidence does not establish that 
any records were damaged or destroyed 
nor that the students occupying the floor 
intended to destroy any records. 

In deciding on the appropriateness of 
particular sanctions, the Committee felt 
it necessary, however, to take note of 
several additional considerations. The 
particular case before the Committee was 
presented in the context of the past and 
future of blacks in the Duke community. 

However, the evidence established that 
the University had been engaging in bona 
fide efforts to deal with the focal points 
of concern of the black students and that 
progress had been made with reference 
to a number of these concerns. 

Two witnesses for the defendants, 
however, expressed the view that their 
frustration over the slow rate of progress 
by the University in meeting their 
demands justified the take-over of the 
building in order to dramatize the seri- 
ousness of the problem and that similar 
action in the future might be considered 
permissible. The Committee wishes to 

make it clear that the continuation of 
such an attitude is incompatible with 
membership in the Duke community. 
The Committee does not accept the posi- 
tion that it is ever justified to occupy a 
University building regardless of the 
motivation of the persons involved. 
Indeed the Committee believes that a 
sentence of suspension would be clearly 
appropriate for individuals who planned 
and led a take-over of the building re- 
gardless of their motivations. 

But the Committee is unable to deter- 
mine relative degrees of culpability 
among the forty-eight defendants. It 
seems quite likely that there are some 
students who simply followed the leader- 
ship of others who are more articulate 
and experienced, without appreciating 
the seriousness of the action involved or 
of the penalty which might follow. 

Moreover, we are particularly con- 
cerned that over one-half of the defen- 
dants before us appeared voluntarily to 
be tried in the absence of any charges 
brought against them by the University. 
The evidence does not permit us to dis- 
tinguish among the defendants in deter- 
mining the sanctions to be imposed. To 
impose a penalty of suspension would be 
appropriate for some of the defendants 
involved. It might constitute a substantial 
miscarriage of justice to others. Under 
these circumstances the Committee an- 
nounced the following judgment: 

The Committee places all persons 
charged on probation for the period of 
one year from this date. If during that 
period any one of the persons charged is 
found guilty of a violation of the Pickets 
and Protest Rule or any rule of discipline 
of the school or college of which he or 
she is a member, in addition to such 
penalty as shall be imposed for such 
violation, the probation will be deemed 
to have been violated, and the student 
shall be automatically suspended from 
the University. 

The public hearing on March 19 
in the Moot Courtroom of the Law 
School was opened with two motions 
by the defense attorneys, James Fergu- 
son, of Charlotte, North Carolina, 
and W. O. Warner, of Rocky Mount, 
North Carolina, the father of one of 
the defendants, to quash the charges 
on the grounds that the Pickets and 
Protests Policy was unconstitutional 
and that procedures for prosecution 
were inherently racist. Mr. Ferguson 
also asked the Committee to disqualify 
itself because of its all-white com- 
position. Dean Pye denied the 

The students' attorneys then entered 
a plea of no contest for the forty-eight 
students. The University had formally 
served charges to only twenty-five 
students who had been identified as 

having participated in the Allen Build- 
ing occupation. Twenty-three other 
black students unexpectedly joined 
with those charged and waived the 
required seventy-two hour notice of 
the hearing. 

The University's counsel, Durham 
lawyers Marshall Spears and Robert 
Baker, produced twelve of its wit- 
nesses, including four women em- 
ployed in the Central Records and 
Bursar's offices on February 13, and 
the service station attendant from 
whom the students rented the U-Haul 
van which brought most of them to 
Allen Building. Henry S. Morgan, 
University bursar, testified that he had 
lost three employees as a result of the 
incident. Among the other witnesses 
were University Registrar Dr. R. L. 
Tuthill; Associate Registrar Dr. Clark 
Cahow; and H. Frank Bowers, direc- 
tor of operations. Mr. Cahow 
described the damage to equipment, 
mostly of a minor nature, and Mr. 
Bowers told of the pipe, chains, 
handles, and other implements which 
he and campus security officers re- 
moved from the building. 

William Griffith, assistant dean of 
arts and sciences, and Dr. James Price, 
dean of Trinity College, were the last 
University witnesses to appear and 
both reviewed steps taken by the Uni- 
versity to meet the needs and demands 
of its black students. 

Two of the black students charged, 
Stephen McLeod, of Fayetteville, 
North Carolina, and Bertie Howard, 
of Orangeburg, South Carolina, testi- 
fied for the defense that they felt their 
actions were justified and declined to 
say they would not take action again 
under similar circumstances. Miss 
Howard argued that the students were 
justified by their frustrations. 

In the summations, Mr. Spears 
called for punishment severe enough 
to deter such action from taking place 
again. Mr. Ferguson said the Univer- 
sity was on trial and the question was 
not whether the students should go 
"scott free" but whether the University 
is going to deal realistically with the 

Can Duke University 

By Lucy Gruy '69 

ter, which will open its doors sometime 
during the spring of 1969, symbolizes a 
growing concern at Duke for the devel- 
opment of the fine arts. Located in the 
renovated Science Building on East 
Campus, the center contains a museum 

to house the 280-piece Brummer Col- 
lection of Medieval Sculpture, which 
was acquired by the University in 1966, 
as well as loan exhibitions and paintings 
and other works of art which have been 
or will be given to the University. 
Dr. Knight, speaking in 1967 of the 

Brummer collection, concluded: "What 
has worried me about the arts at Duke 
is that for so long, somehow, the legend 
has been established that no one cared 
about the arts. I hope the legend is 
dying. . . . We care very deeply." 
Developments within the art and 

r -^wwm 

Put Down the Legend 

music departments over recent years, 
and departmental plans for the near 
future, show the extent of the Univer- 
sity's commitment to the arts. The 
Art Center on East Campus is, accord- 
ing to Robert C. Moeller, III, museum 
director, 97 per cent completed. Plans 

for a new Music Building are with the 
architect. And new graduate programs 
in both art and music are being devel- 
oped, with the latter scheduled to begin 
in the fall of 1969. 

Dr. William S. Heckscher, chairman 
of the art department, points out that 

the Art Center will house not only a 
valuable collection of art, but will also 
have an art library, photographic 

Dr. Heckscher, left, and Mr. Moeller, 
photographed by Jim Wallace in the 
Art Center. 

studio, restoration center for paintings, 
and study area. "In its entirety," he 
says, "this Art Center will be a train- 
ing ground for those who wish to be 
professional art historians or journalists, 
museum curators, art dealers, con- 

Mr. Moeller hopes to co-ordinate art 
exhibitions with areas of study within 
the art department, as well as with the 
needs of other departments and dis- 
ciplines within the University. He says 
that "more than just a place where 
works of art are presented to the casual 
viewer, the museum should be a focus 
of scholarly attention, an extension of 
the art department, a source of visual 
excitement, creative, sometimes provok- 

With space for an art historical 
library, study area, and 11,000 feet of 
exhibition space, the center is not 
simply the old Science Building reno- 
vated. "The architects and planners 
have built flexibility into every impor- 
tant feature of the museum," says Mr. 
Moeller. "Interior space can be adjusted 
by means of moveable partitions, and 
lighting can be controlled to produce 
ideal accommodations for each exhibi- 
tion." Nevertheless, there was some 
controversy surrounding the location of 
the Art Center, and not everyone is 
exhilirated over the fact that it is 
located on East Campus in a reno- 
vated building. 

However, Dr. Heckscher feels that 
the Art Center, with its collection of 
Medieval and Renaissance art, will un- 
doubtedly "put the Duke art depart- 
ment on the map." More importantly, 
he continues, "The very fact that stu- 
dents studying the history of art can 
handle actual works of art and can 
learn everything that is known about 
old master techniques should make this 
new center in the Science Building a 
very exciting and very stimulating place 
for our students and their teachers." 

The music department, too, is begin- 
ning to expand. The graduate program 
that will open next fall will offer a 
Master of Arts in Musicology and in 
Composition, under the direction of Dr. 
Warren Kirkendale, and with the aid of 
Iain Hamilton, Duke's composer-in- 
residence. Asbury, the dilapidated 
building which the music department 
now occupies, is probably the most dis- 


couraging feature of Duke's music de- 
partment. But the department is on its 
way into a new building that is sched- 
uled to be completed in 1971. Mrs. 
Julia Mueller, chairman of the music 
department, says that she anticipates a 
functional building that will be the 
"showplace" of the campus. The 
building has been designed by Edward 
D. Stone, the most eminent of Ameri- 
can architects. It will include a music 
record library, practice rooms, and a 
concert hall — facilities essential to the 
development of a strong music depart- 

Mrs. Mueller feels that "in general, 
the sciences have had far more im- 
pact on the educational scene in the 
amount of attention given and gotten. 
The interest in the arts has come later, 
but it is beginning to grow." Indeed, 
she admits the relatively high cost in 
building a music department which re- 
quires instruments, records, tapes, 
soundproof areas for practice, and con- 
cert facilities. Mrs. Mueller believes 
that the University is doing a great deal 
to strengthen the position of the fine 
arts on campus. She feels that her de- 
partment is especially indebted, how- 
ever, to the Mary Duke Biddle Founda- 
tion. "The foundation," she says, "has 
done a great deal to develop the music 
department and has been a stimulating 

The music and art departments, 
though they encompass separate areas 
and different students, face many 
similar problems. They have similar 
strengths and weaknesses. Both are rel- 
atively small departments, attempting 
to expand rapidly. Both consider their 
faculties to be their greatest strength. 
Dr. Heckscher remarks that a depart- 
ment "is always as strong as its profes- 
sors and its students." He and Mrs. 
Mueller feel that members of their 
staffs are experts in their fields. 

Both departments need money — the 
music department to help finance their 
new building; the art department to 
purchase art objects and books for 
their new museum and library. Also, 
both can contribute to the cultural edu- 
cation of Duke students and the sur- 
rounding community by their very 
presence. Mr. Moeller points out that 
the new Art Center will contain the 
only museum in Durham. It will al- 
ways be open to the general public as 

well as to the student, and exhibitions 
will be selected to appeal to all tastes in 

Members of the music department — 
the Ciompi Quartet, their artist-in- 
residence, and their composer-in-resi- 
dence — say that they would like to 
contribute, in Mrs. Mueller's words, "to 
representing Duke's image around the 
country," by giving talks, concerts, or 
recitals for alumni groups at any time. 
As it is now, the quartet and other 
musicians on the department staff give 
free concerts throughout the year 
which are open to the public. 

The demands upon the departments 
of art and music are growing. The 
music department usually has thirty to 
thirty-five majors each year, but the 
average enrollment in music classes 
each year is invariably in the hundreds. 
And that number is steadily increasing. 
The art department, too, has only a 
small number of majors, but every 
semester students cry out for more 
courses in art. The expansion of the 
departments into new buildings with 
better facilities will hopefully be an 
impetus for larger faculties and a wider 
range of courses. But expansion re- 
quires time. Mrs. Mueller faces the 
problem realistically, explaining that 
Duke may never have a Music School 
but that the department can work ef- 
fectively within the framework of a 
liberal arts college. She believes that 
Duke cannot cover all areas of a com- 
plete music program, cannot cover all 
instruments with talented professors for 
each. Yet she sums up her faith in the 
department's strength by saying, "Our 
professors are excellent in their fields 
and experts on their instruments. All 
we can hope for is to provide profes- 
sors who can give advice to all students 
from the point of view of their experi- 
ence and talent." 

Dr. Heckscher, too, looks to the 
future with a certain amount of opti- 
mism. In his words, "The art department 
has been looked at too much in the 
past as a 'feminine' place for people 
aesthetically involved with the arts and 
beauty. In order to challenge our stu- 
dents we must do everything to offer 
them working accommodations." The 
new Art Center by its very nature 
should guarantee closer contact among 
the art student group and the teaching 

Dr. Heckscher believes that the key 
to a successful department is the lively 
involvement and participation of its 
students. In view of today's student 
desire to become involved, the art and 
music departments at Duke should have 
a bright future. 

Lucy Gruy is a senior history major 
from Hebbronville, Texas, who after 
graduation would like to work in a posi- 
tion that combines her interests in art 
and writing. Through the inter-univer- 
sity exchange program, she presently is 
taking her third journalism course at 
the University of North Carolina at 
Chapel Hill. She also works one day 
each week at the North Carolina Art 
Museum in Raleigh under the com- 
munity internship program. 

Mrs. Mueller at the site of a new music building. 




HER NAME in student circles con- 
jures visions of original papers from 
primary sources, of much hard work 
demanded and received, of a working 
knowledge of America's urban prob- 
lems and rural dilemmas, of political 
liberalism, of women's rights. Dr. Anne 
Firor Scott, assistant professor of his- 
tory, is a woman who commands equal 
if not greater respect than any other 
Duke faculty member by most of her 

Impeccably dressed, complete with 
pearls or gold choker, Anne Scott, like 
a temperance lady serving laced tea, 
generates contemporary, thought-pro- 
voking ideas while maintaining an aura 
of firm politeness and social formality 
in her classes. 

In most of her students she inspires 
the greatest loyalty — primarily because 
she makes them want to learn, to be- 
come intellectually acute and perceptive. 
Because she prepares for each of her 
classes as if it were her first one, be- 
cause she is a scholarly historian, she 
expects no less from her classes. Most 
live up to her expectation — doing their 
best work for her and loving it. Sub- 
stantiating this near devotion, she has 
a core of students who during their 
Duke career manage to take each year- 
long course she offers, beginning with 
the survey of American history, fol- 


lowed by "City and Frontier in Ameri- 
can History"; a seminar, "From Rural 
to Urban Society"; and offered once, an 
inter-disciplinary course in American 
literature and history. 

One veteran of three courses under 
Anne Scott told why. "She's perceptive 
of her classes and has a brilliant grasp 
of their thought. She stood in front of 
the class, letting us do 90 per cent of 
the talking, yet she would rarely let us 
get off the subject until we reached the 
central point — from there she en- 
couraged everyone's thoughts to di- 

She is much like a neutral observer, 
an intellectual referee, leading students 
to reason problems out with each other. 
She accomplishes her teaching goals: "I 
try to make them examine what they 
read, apply common sense, and use 
their experiences in dealing with new 
material. Above all they must be led 
to think about what they read. In this, 
one can never be totally successful, but 
the measure of achievement is that 
many students become interested in the 
process of using their minds." 

Another student said, "She was ex- 
citing for the average student as well 
as the top ones. She related history to 
current events, introduced us to people 
like Marshall McLuhan and potential 
urban problems years before they be- 

came common knowledge." 

It is not surprising that a teacher who 
is herself excited about learning, who 
reads several books a week and is writ- 
ing her first one, who has been active 
in public life, and yet manages to be 
mother to three teenaged children and 
wife to Dr. Andrew Scott, professor of 
political science at Carolina, is full of 
spirit and a roving mind contagious to 

But it is far from a mere personality 
appeal. Anne Scott works diligently at 
presenting the most recent and scholar- 
ly material to her students. She can 
make a claim few teachers can — she 
never presents a course in the same 

Education for both Anne Scott and 
her students is a process of constant in- 
novations. Each year she revises her 
syllabus using different authors, docu- 
ments, texts, assignments, and she sees 
that the students approach the subject 
matter differently each time. 

For example, graduate students this 
semester have been assigned a city of 
their choice upon which to compile a 
file of basic data. Each file will be pre- 
served for future classes in the hope of 
accummulating enough significant ma- 
terial to begin comparative analysis. 

This same graduate class is approach- 
ing the study of American cities from 

the point of view of those whose pro- 
fessions tie them to urban centers. The 
basic questions Anne Scott will be ask- 
ing are "what do sociologists, econo- 
mists, political scientists, city planners, 
architects look for in studying the city?" 
The readings discussed during each 
class will be authored by these profes- 

Or take one undergraduate class, 
gaining its first historical perspective on 
the growth of cities and the frontier in 
American history. One approach Anne 
Scott used was to require each student 
to carry out a number of independent 
projects, as well as assessments of 
readings. To establish a common back- 
ground for the class they read Carl 
Deglar's Out of Our Past and were 
given their "exam" the first week in 
October. The projects consisted of an- 
notated essays on one organizing idea 
which has been applied to American 
history; an analysis of the relevancy of 
a book on medieval cities to the course; 
a listing of all characteristics of the 
seventeenth-century city which can be 
traced back to the medieval town; an 
analysis of the relationship between 
any colonial city and its frontier; three 
paragraphs summing up the role of the 
cities in the Revolutionary war; two 
precise paragraphs summing up Fred- 
erick Jackson Turner's thesis of the 
frontier. These assignments, in addition 
to four books, covered only the first 
month of one of Anne Scott's classes. 

Other assignments are as varied. Stu- 
dents in only a few of the independent 
projects have traced American gen- 
eological migration patterns, compiled 
massive "reading diaries" which cri- 
tiqued nearly a hundred historians and 
documents, written fifty-page papers 
analyzing a particular city, researched a 
complete account of one day in history 
based on all available sources, and com- 
piled in-depth research on their own 
family or hometown in 1850. 

Next fall she has her choice of 
subjects for a sophomore seminar. She's 
decided on American history as biog- 
raphy, and will probably require her 
students to take a psychology course 
in personality concurrently with her 
class. But perhaps Anne Scott is best 
remembered by her students for another 
teaching trait. Her predilection for 
primary sources is law, and she has no 
qualms in asking students, undergrad- 

uate as well as graduate, to do their re- 
search at the source of their topic, 
Washington, Atlanta, Tarboro, North 
Carolina, wherever the most and best 
information is kept. 

However, her student critics are not 
rare. Occasionally her academic pro- 
fessionalism and personal reserve cause 
students to label her "brusque." And 
although one of her appealing qualities 
is her availability to students and the 
individual attention she gives, she 
doesn't always play the "good guy." A 
student once asked that he be exempt 
from the exam, saying he thought it 
would be more profitable if he and 
Mrs. Scott didn't "relate as a teacher 
and student." "That's the only way I 
know how to relate," Mrs. Scott to'd 
the boy, "except as a mother, and I 
don't think you'd like that." 

Also, some students who are content 
with fifty-minute lectures may find 

"Above all they must be 
led to think about what they 
read. In this, one can never 
be totally successful, but 
the measure of achievement is 
that many students become 
interested in the process of 
using their minds." 

Anne Scott's brand of questioning and 
probing too stimulating. 

Nor is she immune to criticism from 
the more radical students. "I've gone 
from being called a radical to a con- 
servative in seven years," she says. And 
although Mrs. Scott is disturbed by 
many of the radicals' generalities, she 
thinks even unjust criticism can be 
constructive. "I really think it's good 
— the more criticized you are, the 
firmer you have to be in thinking 
through your convictions." 

She undertakes new projects with the 
same enthusiasm that she approaches 
teaching. Last year while on sabbatical 
(in addition to writing her book on the 
political and social emergence of south- 
ern women from 1840 to 1930), she 
audited Dr. William Blackburn's nar- 
rative writing course. "The students 

were interested in my stories, not the 
way I wrote, but because they were on 
the generation conflict," she laughs. 
This year its piano lessons as the new 
undertaking, with time still for sailing 
with her family and tennis with son 

In addition to her classroom reputa- 
tion, Anne Scott is an active presence 
on campus — supervising honors — mas- 
ters programs, as chairman of scholar- 
ship and admissions committees for the 
Woman's College, and as a member of 
the Undergraduate Faculty Council and 
the Residential Life Committee. 

Her most dramatic out-side-of-the- 
classroom pronouncement came several 
years ago in a "Last Lecture" when she 
proposed an experimental college for 
"intellectually mature students." A 
group of diversified students would be 
free of grades, semester hours, rigid re- 
quirements — all the academic trappings 
which might hinder the student from 
progressing at his own pace. Her pro- 
posal, she said, would "provide an en- 
vironment in which maximum growth 
and self-development could take place." 
The experimental college would be set 
up in a separate building with dormi- 
tory wings for men and women, faculty 
and graduate apartments, lounges, 
seminar and commons rooms, and a 
German-style beer hall. The proposal 
remains only a proposal; but Mrs. Scott 
is on the Residential Life Committee 
which is expected this spring to ad- 
vocate major changes in the residential 
patterns of the University. Few would 
be surprised if the "experimental col- 
lege" idea emerges. 

Off campus, Mrs. Scott has been 
most actively involved on state and 
national commissions which have util- 
ized both her historical knowledge of 
women and their current position in 
society. She was appointed by former 
President Johnson to the Advisory 
Council on the Status of Women in 
1965, and served as chairman of Terry 
Sanford's Commission on the Status of 
Women, which in 1964 published "The 
Many Lives of North Carolina Wom- 

Anne Scott came naturally and intui- 
tively (with some help from research) 
to her interest in women, but her route 
to the teaching profession was indirect. 
The woman who was named in 1967 as 
one of the University's five best profes- 


sors admits to "not having any idea" of 
becoming a teacher. And it was two 
men in her life, her father, who is 
credited with "founding" the depart- 
ment of agriculture at the University 
of Georgia, and her husband, professor 
of political science at the University of 
North Carolina, who encouraged and 
prodded her to finish her dissertation. 
In 1958 she did receive her doctorate 
in American studies, after varied 
careers in business and government, and 
sojourns in numerous libraries, with 
time off for three babies. 

Anne Firor entered the University of 
Georgia when she was sixteen and 
graduated at nineteen an "unsophisti- 
cated" summa cum laude in the middle 
of the Second World War and a 
Georgia winter. With forty-five dollars 
hoarded from a college prize, she left 
Athens, Georgia, on a day coach for 
New York "for the first time in my 
life." There, with a group of art 
majors, she spent ten days beginning 
another education by "touring all the 
art museums." 

"When my money ran out," she 
reminisces, "I went to Syracuse to enter 
a program at the University that trained 
deans of women." This job, however, 
was one of the few which she was ever 
refused. "I didn't have the qualifica- 
tions," she laughs. She was two years 
younger than many of the students she 
was to live with and counsel. Instead, 
she was offered a secretarial job in the 
dean's office, which she accepted after 
some tearful ponderings, since she 
would have to give up her own grad- 
uation exercises at Georgia. 

Returning to Georgia in the summer, 
Anne inadvertently profited from the 
war-time shortage of men. The man- 
ager of the Atlanta IBM office had just 
lost his male secretary to the draft. Al- 
though she stretched the truth about 
her shorthand ability, she was hired be- 
cause the manager said he "needed 
someone who could improve his 

During these pre-computer days of 
IBM, business lost a potential top 
executive in the young woman who 
"was turned-off by business." And a 
good businesswoman she would have 
been — making ninety a month, she 
saved fifty and in 1942 headed for 
Northwestern University on a fellow- 
ship, once again for a try in student 

personnel work. "The personnel pro- 
gram lacked substance — I mostly chap- 
eroned freshmen," she said. When 
substance was lacking, Anne Scott 
searched it out. She spent most of her 
time reading in Northwestern's library 
— then "a far different place from the 
University of Georgia" — and changed 
her major to political science. 

As a part of her degree program she 
served as one of thirty interns in the 
Rockefeller sponsored program for 
training college graduates for public 
service. The National Institute of 
Public Affairs, at her request, placed 
her for nine months in the office of 
Congressman Jerry Voorhis of Cali- 

She counts her experience with 
Voorhis, whom she later helped in writ- 
ing Beyond Victory, as one of her most 

"I ran a lot of errands, but I also 
got to sit in on committees. He'd tell 
me to go and find out what 'so and so' 
thought about this or that bill. I an- 
swered letters to his constituents and 
really came to realize why Congress 
has such a difficult time doing their job. 
This was equal to ten courses in politi- 
cal science." So lasting was this govern- 
ment exposure, that Anne Scott is a 
firm advocate of all academicians in the 
social sciences serving some time in 
public service or politics "to see how 
hard it is to grapple with and solve any 
major issue." 

After receiving her degree from 
Northwestern, she got a job previously 
held by a forty-five-year-old Ph.D. in 
the Washington, D.C., national head- 
quarters of the League of Women 
Voters. For three years, as a research 
associate in foreign policy for the 
League, she produced pamphlets and 
traveled to local chapters. She laughs 
about the staffing of the office during 
the war — "three women whose ages 
averaged twenty-two disseminating 
policy information across the country." 

In 1947 she married Andrew McKay 
Scott, who was heading to Harvard to 
complete his doctorate. Anne rebelled 
against being a working wife in the 
intellectually rich atmosphere of Cam- 
bridge. "It was easier then," she said, 
"to get a scholarship, so I presented 
myself to Radcliffe and got one." She 
speaks of Cambridge, where daughter 
Becky is now a sophomore at Radcliffe, 

and all it connotes with a touch of 
nostalgia, "Here was the really serious 
world of the intellect." She completed 
all the preliminary requirements for her 
doctorate in American studies while 
Andy got his Ph.D. in political science. 

Dr. Scott returned to Washington to 
work on the Marshall Plan, and Mrs. 
Scott, expecting their first child, Becky, 
spent her days in the Library of Con- 
gress researching her dissertation on 
"Southern Progressives in the National 
Congress." Work on the thesis ground 
to a halt for several years while Anne 
worked as the congressional representa- 
tive and editor of the National Voter, 
League of Women Voters. 

The Scotts next spent a year at Dart- 
mouth, which then, according to Mrs. 
Scott, was "a man's world," with no 
place for her except the library. 

It was not until 1957-58 that Anne 
Scott, now with two more small chil- 
dren, David and Donald, began her 
teaching career. Andy was teaching at 
Haverford College in Philadelphia, and 
Anne in one of her library trips was 
asked by a faculty member if she knew 
of anyone who could take the place of 
the American historian on leave for a 
semester. She said she would try to 
think of someone and on her way back 
home she did — herself. 

She taught two courses and worked 
twelve hours a day preparing. 

"I didn't know anything then — you 
never do until you start teaching — but 
it was all exciting. I learned everything 
three days before I taught it. Thank 
goodness everyone stayed well — I'd 
have been sunk if anyone had caught 
the flu." 

"In 1958 when Andy decided to 
come to UNC, I decided to be a good 
mother and stay home." 

Three months later she was teaching 
at Carolina on a term appointment. 
The next year was spent in Italy where 
her husband was on a Fulbright, and 
she served as an occasional lecturer at 
Johns Hopkins Center, University of 
Bologna. "When we came back some- 
one in the history department at Duke 
had just left and I was asked to fill in 
as a visiting assistant professor." 

The 1961 term appointment became 
permanent. Her students would agree 
she is a far better teacher for having 
made numerous detours on the way to 
the classroom. — C. C. J. 


Trustee Candidates 



by mail ballot will elect four 
of these eight men as their 
alumni representatives to the 
University Board of Trustees. 
Under this new procedure, 
announced earlier in a 
special mailing to all alumni, 
ballots will be mailed to 
graduates prior to May 1. 


W. Horace Corbett '38 is a 
native of Wilmington, North 
Carolina, where he now resides. 
His varied interests include 
the food, packaging, and lum- 
ber industries, with locations in 
several states. 

Mr. Corbett was chairman 
of the Duke University 
National Council in 1964-65 
and president of the General 
Alumni Association in 1966- 
67. He has held numerous 
other alumni offices and served 
for 12 years as a Loyalty 
Fund chairman in the 
Wilmington area. He is a mem- 
ber of the Washington Duke 

He majored in business 
administration at Duke and, 
after leaving the University, 
returned immediately to Wil- 
mington where he began to 
develop his business interests, 
based on existing family enter- 
prises. He is at present a 
partner in the Corbett Package 
Company, Corbett Foods 
Company, and Corbett 
Brothers; president of Corbett 
Lumber Company, president 
and director of Corbett Ply- 
wood Corporation and Corbett 
Industries, Inc., and vice presi- 
dent and director of Corbett 
Farming Company, Dixie Blue- 
berry Corporation, and 
Southern Box and Plywood 
Corporation. All of these firms 
are in Wilmington. 

He is also president and 
director of Pierpont-Corbett 
Box Company of Savannah, 
Georgia, Talley Corbett Box 
Company of Adel, Georgia, and 
Marvil Package Company of 
Hebron, Maryland. He is vice 
president and director of Caro- 
lina Pacific Plywood of 
Medford, Oregon, and United 
Containers Company of Winter 
Haven, Florida. 

Mr. Corbett is a deacon in 


the Presbyterian Church, a 
trustee of Wilmington College, 
a director of the Wilmington 
YMCA, and the Wilmington 
branch of the Wachovia Bank 
and Trust Company. He holds 
various other positions in 
civic and professional organiza- 

He and Mrs. Corbett have 
five children. A brother, 
Waddell A. Corbett '37, and 
two first cousins also attended 


William F. Franck '39 was 
born in Fayetteville, North 
Carolina, entered Duke while 
a resident of Durham, and 
now resides in Martinsville, 
Virginia, where he is president 
of Sale Knitting Company. 

At Duke he was a member 
of Pi Kappa Phi, active in 
Duke Players, and manager 
of the wrestling team. He 
majored in economics. 

He was chairman of the 
Duke University National 
Council in 1961-62 and presi- 
dent of the General Alumni 
Association in 1964-65. He 
has held various other alumni 
offices and was for ten years a 
Loyalty Fund Class Agent. 
He is a member of the 
Washington Duke Club. 

Upon graduating from Duke, 
Mr. Franck joined the Belk- 
Leggett Company in Durham 
for a year and then became 
associated with E. I. Dupont 
Company in Martinsville. Dur- 
ing World War II, he was in 
the army and was discharged 
as a first lieutenant. He 
returned to Martinsville as per- 
sonnel manager for Pannill 
Knitting Company and joined 
Sale Knitting Company in 1950 
as vice president and general 
manager. He was named presi- 
dent of the company in 1953. 

He is a member of the Board 
of Directors of Sale Knitting 
Company, American Furniture 
Company, Graves Supply 
Company, Piedmont Trust 
Bank, and Martinsville General 
Hospital. He is an elder in the 
Presbyterian Church, and a 
past president of the Mar- 
tinsville Community Theater, 
Kiwanis Club, and Chamber of 
Commerce. He has also headed 
the Martinsville United Fund 
and numerous other community 

He and Mrs. Franck have 
two sons and two daughters. 
One daughter, Martha Franck 
Rollins (Mrs. O. R.), grad- 
uated from Duke in 1965 and 
another, Carolyn Ann, is 
presently enrolled. His sister, 
Margaret Franck Credle (Mrs. 
W. S.) '36, also attended Duke. 


W. Kenneth Goodson D'37, 
DD'60 is resident bishop, the 
Birmingham Area, the United 
Methodist Church. He is a 
native of Salisbury, North 
Carolina, and attended Catawba 
College before entering Duke 
Divinity School. 

Bishop Goodson was elected 
to the University's Board of 
Trustees in 1966 to fill the un- 
expired term of an alumni 
member who died. He has 
been a Divinity School Class 
Agent for the Loyalty Fund 
and was chairman of the suc- 
cessful $100,000 Divinity 
School Common Room Cam- 
paign just recently concluded. 

When he was elected a 
Methodist bishop in 1964, he 
was a pastor of the Centenary 
Methodist Church in Winston- 
Salem, North Carolina. He 
had been for many years a 
member of the Western North 
Carolina Conference, had been 
pastor of a number of churches 
in the conference, and had 
also served as district superin- 

He has been a delegate to 
three world conferences of the 
Methodist Church, and a mem- 
ber of a mission team to 
Great Britain and France in 

In November of 1968 he was 
sent by the secretary of the 
air force to conduct a preach- 
ing mission in air force 
chapels in Europe, including 

From 1946-64, he served as 
president of the J. B. Cornelius 
Foundation. He is a trustee of 
Brevard College, Birmingham 
Southern College. He is 
chairman of the Finance Com- 
mittee of the General Board of 
Missions of the Methodist 
Church and president of the 
newly established Commission 
of Religion and Race of the 
United Methodist Church. He 
is a Mason and a Rotarian. 
He has been prominently and 
influentially involved in numer- 

ous church and humanitarian 
enterprises, and he is an active 
and popular speaker. 

He and Mrs. Goodson have 
two daughters and one son. 
One daughter, Sara Ann Good- 
son Faust (Mrs. L. M.), 
graduated from Duke in 1961. 


P. Huber Hanes, Jr., '37 is 
a native of Winston-Salem, 
North Carolina, where he now 
resides. He is chairman of the 
Board of Hanes Corporation. 

He was a member of Alpha 
Tau Omega, Alpha Kappa Psi, 
ODK, BOS, and Tombs, and 
lettered in track. He took a 
degree in business administra- 
tion and later attended the 
Harvard School of Business 

In 1954 he was elected to the 
University's Board of Trustees 
and has served continuously 
since that time. He is a member 
of the Duke University Athletic 
Council and a former member 
of the National Council. He 
has served as a Loyalty Fund 
Class Agent and has given 
major assistance in numerous 
other Duke fund-raising efforts. 
He is a member of the Wash- 
ington Duke Club. 

Mr. Hanes joined the P. H. 
Hanes Knitting Company in 
1938 and served as its president 
from 1954 to 1965, when a 
merger created the Hanes 
Corporation. He was president 
of the Hanes Corporation for 
one year before becoming 
chairman of the board. 

During World War II, he 
served first as Senior Priority 
Specialist with the War Produc- 
tion Board and then, in 1942, 
joined the navy to serve in the 
European Theater. 

He is a director of the 
Wachovia Bank and Trust 
Company in Winston-Salem, 
of the First National Bank of 
Las Cruces, New Mexico, and 
the First National Bank of 
Winter Park, Florida. He is 
president of the Hamore Cor- 
poration, Forsyth County Land 
Company, and the P. H. Hanes 
Foundation, Inc., in Winston- 
Salem. He is chairman of 
Hanes-Millis Sales Corporation 
and a director of Blue Bell, 
Inc., the Carolina and North- 
western Railroad, and Hanes 

He is a member of the 







undergraduate. Both Mr. and 
Mrs. Edwin L. Jones, Sr., 
attended Duke, Class of 1912, 
as did a sister, Louise Jones 
Brown (Mrs. Franklin) '38. 
Mr. Edwin L. Jones, Sr., is a 
trustee emeritus of the Univer- 
sity. He served actively on the 
board for more than twenty 

Rotary Club and has been out- 
standingly active in a variety 
of civic enterprises. 

He and Mrs. Hanes have two 
sons and two daughters. One 
daughter, Helen, is currently an 
undergraduate at Duke. His 
father, the late P. Huber 
Hanes, Sr., was graduated from 
Duke in 1900 and for many 
years also served on the Uni- 
versity's Board of Trustees. 


Paul Hardin, III, '52, LL.B. 
'54 entered Duke from High 
Point, North Carolina. A 
former member of the faculty 
of Duke Law School, he is 
serving his first year as presi- 
dent of Wofford College in 
Spartanburg, South Carolina. 

As an undergraduate, Mr. 
Hardin majored in English. He 
earned Phi Beta Kappa honors 
and was a member of the 
varsity golf team. He was also 
a member of Phi Eta Sigma 
and Kappa Alpha; and in Law 
School, a member of the Order 
of the Coif and editor-in- 
chief of the Duke Law Journal. 

Upon graduation from Duke 
Law School, he joined a law 
firm in Birmingham, Alabama, 
left to spend two years with the 
United States Army Counter 
Intelligence Corps, returned to 
Birmingham for two more 
years of law practice. In 1958 
he joined the faculty of Duke 
Law School. He has also 
served as a visiting professor at 
the University of Texas and at 
the University of Pennsylvania. 
He was named president of 
Wofford College in 1968. 

As a Ford Foundation 
fellow, he has conducted 
research at the University of 
Edinburgh, Scotland, the Uni- 
versity of the West Indies, 
McGill University in Canada, 
and the University of Ife in 
Nigeria. He is co-author of 
two legal volumes and the 
author of numerous articles in 
law journals. 

He is a prominent Methodist 
layman and has served as a 
delegate to the General Confer- 
ence of the United Methodist 
Church and to the Southeastern 
Jurisdictional Conference of 
the United Methodist Church. 
He is a past president of the 
Durham Rotary Club and a 
past chairman of the Mayor's 
Human Relations Commission 

in Durham. 

He and Mrs. Hardin have 
one son and two daughters. 
Mrs. Hardin, the former 
Barbara Russell, is a Duke 
alumna. A brother, Edward R. 
Hardin '58, LL.B. '60, an 
uncle and two cousins also at- 
tended Duke. 


Milton E. Harrintgon '31, a 
native of Winterville, North 
Carolina, is president of Liggett 
& Myers Tobacco Company, 
with offices in New York 
City and in Durham. He 
resides at Pelham, New York. 

At Duke he was a varsity 
baseball player and a member 
of Sigma Chi. As an alumnus 
he has served as a member of 
the Duke University National 
Council and is on the National 
Sponsoring Committee of the 
Fifth Decade Program. He is 
a member of the Washington 
Duke Club. 

Mr. Harrington joined 
Liggett & Myers in 1934. He 
served as factory manager, leaf 
buyer, and leaf supervisor 
before becoming manager of 
the Leaf Department. He was 
elected a director of the com- 
pany in 1955 and a vice 
president in 1960. In 1963 
he was elected executive vice 
president of the firm and in 
1964 he became its president 
and chief executive officer. 

During World War II he 
served with the United States 
Army Field Artillery. 

He is a member of the Board 
of Diretcors of the Grocery 
Manufacturers of America and 
a member of the Executive 
Committee and the Board of 
Directors of The Tobacco 
Institute. He is a former 
director of the Durham branch 
of the Wachovia Bank and 
Trust Company, trustee of 
Lincoln Hospital, and director 
of the North Carolina Heart 
Association. He has served as 
a member of the secretary of 
agriculture's National Tobacco 
Advisory Commission. 

In February Mr. Harrington 
was presented the Durham 
Chamber of Commerce's Civic 
Honor Award for his ac- 
complishments while a resident 
of Durham and for his con- 
tributions to the city. 

He and Mrs. Harrington had 
one son, John M. Harrington, 

who attended Duke and who 
was killed in action in Vietnam 
in 1966. 


Edwin L. Jones, Jr., '48 is a 
native of Charlotte, North 
Carolina, and president of J. A. 
Jones Construction Company. 

At Duke he took his degree 
in civil engineering, was a 
varsity swimmer, and a mem- 
ber of Pi Kappa Phi and Pi Mu 
Sigma. He has been initiated 
into ODK and XE. 

He was president of the Duke 
Engineering Alumni Associa- 
tion in 1953-54, chairman of 
the Duke University National 
Council in 1956-57, and presi- 
dent of the General Alumni 
Association in 1958-59. He 
was chairman of the Duke 
Bequest Program and has held 
numerous other alumni offices. 

Mr. Jones entered Duke in 
1940, paused to serve during 
the war with the United States 
Marine Corps in the Pacific 
Theater, and was discharged as 
a first lieutenant. After the war 
he returned to Duke to com- 
plete his education and im- 
mediately thereafter joined the 
J. A. Jones Construction Com- 
pany as an engineer. He was 
named a director of the firm in 
1951 and president in 1960. 

He is an officer and director 
of several real estate and con- 
struction firms and a director 
of the Charlotte branch of 
First Union Bank. He is a 
trustee of Scarritt College, the 
Evangelism Foundation of the 
Methodist Church, and the 
Lake Junaluska Assembly. He 
has been a member of the State 
Board of Education's Com- 
munity College Advisory 
Council and of the Methodist 
General Board of Evangelism. 
He is a director of The As- 
sociated General Contractors 
of America. He is a member of 
several Charlotte clubs, 
including Kiwanis, and of a 
number of distinguished profes- 
sional organizations. 

He and Mrs. Jones have four 
sons and one daughter. Edwin 
L. Jones, III, graduated from 
Duke and is now enrolled in 
Duke Medical School. A 
daughter, Annabel (Mrs. W. 
H. Link) graduated from 
Duke in 1968 and another 
son, John, is currently an 


Charles S. Murphy '31, LL.B. 
'34, LL.D. '67 entered Duke 
from Wallace, North Carolina. 
Counselor to the President of 
the United States in 1968-69, 
he has just recently re-entered 
private law practice in Washing- 
ton, D.C. 

He is a member of the Board 
of Visitors of Duke Law 
School and a member of the 
Duke University National 
Council. He has served on 
numerous special alumni com- 
mittees and participated in a 
variety of alumni activities. 

Upon graduation from Duke 
Law School, he became an at- 
torney in the Office of Legisla- 
tive Counsel of the United 
States Senate and then assistant 
legislative counsel in the United 
States Senate. In 1947, he 
became administrative assistant 
to President Harry S. Truman, 
and in 1950 special counsel to 
the President. Between 1953 
and 1961, he engaged in private 
law practice in Washington, 
D.C, and then from 1961 to 
1965 was under secretary of 
agriculture. From 1965 to 
1968 he was chairman of the 
Civil Aeronautics Board. 

Mr. Murphy has been 
elected to ODK at Duke, has 
received the Philadelphia Duke 
Alumni Association of the Year 
Award and the Creighton Uni- 
versity Distinguished Citizen 
Award. In 1965 he was chair- 
man of the United States 
Delegation to the General As- 
sembly of the International 
Civil Aviation Organization. 
He is a member of the Board 
of Directors of the Harry S. 
Truman Library Institute. He 
is a past president of the 
National Capital Democratic 
Club, member of the General 
Administration Board of the 
Department of Agriculture 
Graduate School, a member of 
the Board of Governors of the 
North Carolina State Society 
in Washington, and a member 
of the National Aviation Club. 

He and Mrs. Murphy have 
two daughters and one son. The 
son, C. Westbrook Murphy, 
was graduated from Duke in 
1962 and the younger daughter, 
Elizabeth G. Murphy, is cur- 
rently enrolled as a student. 
Other relatives attending Duke 
have included three brothers, 
an uncle, and several cousins. 


President Douglas M. Knight recent- 
ly announced the appointment of Dr. 
Barnes Woodhall as chancellor pro-tern 
of the University until a permanent ap- 
pointee can be found. 

The action was approved by the Uni- 
versity's Board of Trustees at their 
March meeting and followed a recom- 
mendation by Dr. Knight. The chancel- 
lor will be the chief operating officer for 
internal affairs of the University. 

Dr. Knight's request to the board 
came "after full consultation with my 
senior administrative associates and 
with the Executive Committee of the 
Academic Council." This consultation 
extended over a period of months. 

The President will appoint a Faculty- 
Trustee-Student Search Committee to 
recommend candidates to fill the office 
of chancellor on a permanent basis. 

President Knight, in a special letter 
to the faculty, said that "I have felt for 
some time now that it would be very 
desirable and really necessary to share 
the responsibility of caring for the 
internal and external affairs of the 
University. If the office of the Presi- 
dent is to be tenable under the present- 
day stresses and operating requirements 
of a complex university with its various 
divisions, public components and ad- 
vancement problems, a clear division of 
responsibilities must be effected." 

As approved by the trustees, the 
President will continue to be the chief 
executive officer of the University and, 
in accordance with the University's 
charter and by-laws, will have the final 
authority and responsibility for imple- 
menting policies of the University as 
established by the trustees. 

Responsibility and authority for 
internal operations of the University 
will be delegated to the chancellor, and 
the President will participate in such 
matters when they are referred to him 
by the chancellor. 

"We are especially fortunate," Dr. 
Knight said, "that Dr. Woodhall, with 
his distinguished academic and profes- 
sional accomplishments, administrative 
experience, and detailed knowledge of 
the University, will accept the chancel- 
lorship for a limited period." 

Dr. Woodhall, a neurosurgeon, has 
served Duke University in several major 
administrative capacities. Among them 
have been dean of the School of Medi- 
cine, associate provost, and assistant to 


The Rigsbee family still owns and maintains this cemetery located in a parking area on a hill adjacent to Wade Stadium. 

the President. He assumed the latter as- 
signment on January 15. 

A member of the Duke faculty for 
32 years, Dr. Woodhall organized the 
neurological service of the Duke Medi- 
cal Center. 

Tuition Increase 

The University has announced a $200 
increase in tuition and fees effective with 
the 1969-70 academic year, thus bring- 
ing Duke's tuition and fees for under- 
graduates to $2,000 per year. 

Increases for students in the graduate 
and professional schools will depend 
upon the course load and the subject, 
but will range from $115 per year for 

students in the School of Forestry to 
$300 per year for students in the Grad- 
uate, Law, and Medical schools. As- 
suming that a student takes a full course 
load, tuition rates in the graduate and 
professional schools will be increased 
as follows: 

Divinity School, from $738 to 
$1,000; Graduate School, from $1,410 
to $1,710; Forestry, from $1,595 to 
$1,710; Law, from $1,600 to $1,900; 
and Medicine, from $1,750 to $2,050. 

Noting that this marks the third con- 
secutive year that Duke has been forced 
to increase its tuition and fees, Presi- 
dent Douglas M. Knight said in a letter 
to parents of students: "We would like 
you to know some of the special reasons 

that have brought about this decision. 
No one supporting a family need be 
told about the inflationary pressures on 
our whole economy. The problems of 
supporting any educational institution 
have been particularly heightened by 
this inflation. It will cost considerably 
more next year than it does this year to 
operate Duke University, even without 
any major alterations in the program. 
Great stress has been put on the budget, 
for example, by the recent increase in 
the salary and wage levels for non- 
academic workers (the minimum wage 
has been increased from $1.15 to $1.60 
per hour), and further increases that 
are planned for next July." 

Dr. Knight emphasized that this 


increase should not discourage qualified 
students from seeking admission. "We 
have always felt," he said, "that cost 
should not discourage qualified students 
from attending Duke University, and 
we shall continue to make every at- 
tempt to provide financial aid as an off- 
set to the hardship that this increase 
may bring to some of you." 

He also told the parents, "I hope you 
will feel, as I do, that our primary ob- 
ligation is to give our students an edu- 
cation of the highest quality. The cost 
will be high, also, but not if it is related 
to the lifetime of increased achieve- 
ment which it should bring to your 
sons and daughters." 

While regretting the necessity for the 
increases, Dr. Knight cited figures to 
show that Duke's tuition still is in line 
with that charged by other major 
private universities throughout the 
nation, including the South. 

He said Vanderbilt University plans 
to increase its charges from $1,806 this 
year to $2,100 next fall, while Tulane 
University will increase its tuition from 
$1,900 to $2,100 at the same time. 
Brown University also is among univer- 
sities which already have announced 
increases for next fall. A $150 increase 
there will raise the tuition from $2,150 
to $2,300. 

Current tuition rates at other major 
institutions, such as M.I.T., Cornell, 
Columbia, Princeton, Yale, Oberlin, 
John Hopkins, and Harvard already 
exceed the $2,000 level, and some of 
these institutions also are expected to 
announce increases for next fall. 

Acting Dean 

Dr. Jane Philpott was named acting 
dean of the Woman's College to suc- 
ceed Dr. M. Margaret Ball on Febru- 
ary 1. 

Dr. Ball asked several months ago to 
be relieved of her administrative duties 
to return to full-time teaching and re- 
search in the department of political 

Dr. Philpott is dean of undergrad- 
uate instruction and professor of 
botany. Her duties as dean of under- 
graduate instruction will be assumed 
temporarily by Dr. Virginia S. Bryan, 
who has returned to the University 
following a year of research in Vienna. 
Serving in Dr. Bryan's position as as- 


sistant dean of undergraduate instruc- 
tion will be Mrs. Josefina Tiryakian. 

A committee composed of students, 
faculty, and administrators appointed 
by Dr. Knight is expected to soon 
recommend a permanent dean for the 
Woman's College. 

Mrs. Duke Honored 

A multi-million dollar medical re- 
search and education building honoring 
the late Nanaline H. Duke was dedi- 
cated in December at the Medical Cen- 

The facility, which houses the depart- 
ments of biochemistry-genetics and 
physiology-pharmacology, is named for 
the wife of James B. Duke. 

Born Nanaline Lee Holt, in Macon, 
Georgia, in 1871, the future Mrs. Duke 
met and married her husband in the 
early 1900's. He appointed her a life- 
time trustee of The Duke Endowment 
and executor of his will. When she 
died in 1962 at the age of 90, Nanaline 
Duke left $5 million to medical educa- 
tion at Duke University. Part of this 
amount, with additional contributions 
from private and University sources 
and a grant from the National Institutes 
of Health, financed construction of the 

The structure, begun in May, 1966, 
was designed with four laboratory 
towers, an administrative wing, and a 
central research area. The building was 
planned to provide a maximum of 
flexibility for present and future re- 
search, research training, and educa- 
tional projects. Constructed of Hills- 
borough stone and precast concrete 
panels, the new facility cost $7.1 mil- 

Buildings Named 

The late Dr. A. Hollis Edens, presi- 
dent of Duke from 1949 to 1960, and 
Dr. Paul M. Gross, chemistry professor 
and vice president in the division of 
education during the same period, have 
had their names placed on new campus 
buildings by the Duke Board of 

A new dormitory complex that 
opened in 1966 and houses more than 
400 men has been designated Edens 
Quadrangle. The University's new $7 

million chemistry building has been 
named for Dr. Gross. 

During his presidency at Duke, Dr. 
Edens emphasized "an attitude of excel- 
lence." His post-war decade at the Uni- 
versity brought increased enrollments, 
larger budgets, better salaries, and more 
benefits for faculty members. Duke's 
total assets increased from $59 million 
to $116 million; annual funds for re- 
search increased seven-fold; and schol- 
arship funds jumped from $800,000 to 
$2.8 million. 

The Edens administration also aided 
the creation of such Duke facilities as 
the Commonwealth Studies Center, the 
Center for the Study of Aging, and the 
Rule of Law Research Center. 

After leaving Duke in 1960, Dr. 
Edens accepted the post of executive 
director on the Mary Reynolds Babcock 
Foundation in Winston-Salem, North 
Carolina. He died last August at age 67. 

Dr. Gross, who was a member of the 
faculty from 1919 until he retired in 
1965, is now William Howell Pegram 
Professor Emeritus of Chemistry. Be- 
fore being named to a vice presidency 
in 1949, he had served as chairman of 
the chemistry department for twenty- 
seven years and as dean of the Grad- 
uate School of Arts and Sciences for 

An internationally known scientist, 
Dr. Gross was president of the Ameri- 
can Association for the Advancement 
of Science in 1962 and then served as 
chairman of the association's Board of 
Directors in 1963. He was an incor- 
porator of Oak Ridge Institute of 
Nuclear Studies — now Oak Ridge As- 
sociated Universities — and has served 
as president of the organization since 

Since his retirement, Dr. Gross has 
continued to work as a consultant to 
the U. S. Army, Research Triangle 
Institute, and the North Carolina Board 
of Science and Technology. 

New Coach 

Raymond C. (Bucky) Waters, head 
basketball coach at West Virginia the 
past four years, is returning to Duke as 
head coach. A Duke assistant for six 
seasons, he succeeds Vic Bubas, who 
resigned to accept a yet unannounced 
position in the University administra- 

CHARLES A. DUKES is a name famil- 
iar to any alumnus who has been 
interested in the alumni activities of the 
University during the past forty years. 
Mr. Dukes began his career with the de- 
partment as a student assistant; then, 
upon graduation in 1929, he accepted 
an offer of full-time employment in the 
department. In 1944 he was named 
director of alumni affairs to succeed the 
late Henry R. Dwire. He served in this 
position until 1963, when he was pro- 
moted to assistant vice president. 

During his tenure as director, Mr. 
Dukes created a department to serve 
both alumni and the University, and his 
creation earned him considerable stat- 
ure among colleagues from other 
schools. In fact, his own ideas have 
been put into practice at numerous 
schools throughout the Southeast. 

This service to Duke and to other 
schools was recognized recently at a 
district meeting of the American 

Alumni Council. Members from a nine- 
state area honored him by presenting 
him the first Randolph Lewis Fort 
Award for "having best exemplified the 
splendid qualities of professional excel- 
lence." The award is given in memory 
of a former Emory University alumni 
editor who received national recogni- 
tion for his editorial and alumni work. 
When he was named assistant vice 
president in 1963, Mr. Dukes had been 
plagued by health problems for a num- 
ber of years, and it was not expected 
that he would work full-time. How- 
ever, President Douglas M. Knight said 
at that time that "to the extent that his 
health permits, the University wishes 
to take fullest possible advantage of 
Mr. Dukes' rich background and out- 
standing qualifications for continuing 
work on behalf of the University." 
And Mr. Dukes has continued. He 
generally works several hours in his of- 
fice each day — that is, when he is not 

traveling to raise funds for the Uni- 

Nixon Portrait 

A committee of Duke law students, 
headed by Charles Mill, of Pittsboro, 
North Carolina, has organized to raise 
funds to have a portrait painted of 
President Richard M. Nixon, a law 
graduate of the Class of 1937. 

"We feel this is an appropriate way 
to demonstrate our pride in the Duke 
Law School's most famous graduate," 
said Mr. Mill. 

The committee has already an- 
nounced that Joe Wallace King, a 
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, artist, 
has been commissioned to do the por- 
trait, which will be presented to the Uni- 
versity during the 1969 Commence- 
ment activities. 

"We are especially pleased to be able 
to have a North Carolina artist for this 


project," said Mr. Mill. "One of the 
reasons for the portrait is to emphasize 
the President's past connections with 
this state." Mr. King is personally ac- 
quainted with the Nixons. 

In a letter to Duke law alumni, Mr. 
Mill states that "nearly one thousand 
dollars has already been raised from 
students, faculty, and friends of the 
Law School." He adds that "several 
thousand more will be necessary." 

The fund-raising effort is bipartisan, 
for Mr. Mill is a former official with 
the Young Democratic Club in Chat- 
ham County while several of his as- 
sociates have been active in Republican 

Les Brown Scholarship 

Les Brown, leader of the "Band of 
Renown" and a student at Duke from 
1932 to 1936, recently established a 
music scholarship at the University. 

Two students have already been 
designated the first Les Brown Scholars 
in Music. 

Mr. Brown and his musicians are 
favorites of Bob Hope, and they have 
appeared together on stages in every 
part of the world. After their return 
from entertaining troops in Vietnam 
last Christmas, Mr. Brown notified 
Duke officials of his desire to establish 
the scholarship. 

Terms of the award to individual 
recipients were left to the discretion of 
the music department faculty. 

Mrs. Julia Mueller, chairman of the 
department, therefore named two fresh- 
men as the first recipients. They are 
Margaret Poyner, of Raleigh, North 
Carolina, and Susan Hussar, of Ar- 
monk, New York. 

Miss Poyner, a soprano, is winner of 
the 1968 North Carolina Federated 
Music Clubs Scholarship and a prospec- 
tive music major. Miss Hussar is an 
oboist whose interests also are in the 
social sciences. 

The First Named Duke 

Tradition has it that James B. Duke 
often said that "my old daddy always 
said that if he amounted to anything in 
life it was due to the Methodist circuit 
riders, and if I amount to anything in 
this world I owe it to my daddy and the 
Methodist Church." 

Now Amy Childs Fallaw (Mrs. 
Walter R.) '27 has written a thin 
volume about Duke's Chapel, the first 
building to bear the Duke family name, 
which reveals some of these early 
influences on Washington Duke, father 
of James B. Duke and the man for 
whom the University is named. 

Ironically, Duke's Chapel is not 
named for one of the wealthiest mem- 
bers of the Duke family but for Wil- 
liam Duke, brother and seventeen years 
the senior of Washington Duke. Wil- 
liam, who owned a large farm near 
Durham, was also a preacher of sorts 
and did his own circuit riding. Never 
ordained, he preferred to be known as 
an "exhorter," and he preached at 
numerous churches in the area. 

In 1840, William set aside an acre of 
his land to be used as the site of Mt. 
Hebron Church. The first building cost 
$100. Washington Duke moved his 
own affiliation to this church until 1873, 
when he and his family moved to Dur- 

In 1885, two years after William had 
died at the age of eighty, it was decided 
to move Mt. Hebron to a new location 
about three miles from Durham. The 
name was also changed, and the church 
would be known hereafter as Duke's 

A new building was constructed with 
the aid of financing from Washington 
Duke and his children Brodie, James 
B., Benjamin N., and Mary, each of 
them contributing $50 to the building 

Later, after James B. Duke had estab- 
lished The Duke Endowment in Decem- 
ber, 1924, Duke University had a hand 
in shaping the development of Duke's 
Chapel. In 1925 plans were made for a 
new building, and in addition to funds 
obtained from Benjamin N. Duke, the 
church was given the old Trinity Col- 
lege Library Building. This was sold 
to Kittrell College for $3,500, which 
was placed in the Duke's Chapsl build- 
ing fund. The University also donated 
the services of architects and an engi- 

The new building was completed in 
1927 and is still being used today. 

A New Career 

Winburn E. Stewart '39 graduated 
from the Walter F. George School of 

Law at Mercer University last June, 
one month before his fifty-first birth- 
day. Although he had taken a pre-legal 
major at Duke, it was not until 1965 
that he decided to make time to con- 
tinue his education for the law. And he 
ran three businesses while he was doing 

He owns the Bibb Distributing Com- 
pany, Macon Warehouse, Inc., and 
Duplex, Inc., all three of which are in 
Macon, Georgia. 

"I found that age was no barrier to 
learning," said Mr. Stewart. "The 
added experience really makes much of 
the necessary learning very much 
easier." But finding the time to do it is 
another matter. 

Dad's Weekend 

Dads and daughters are in for a treat 
as Operation D-A-D gets underway, 
April 18-20. 

Sponsored by the sophomore class of 
the Woman's College, the annual Dad's 
Weekend festivities will begin with a 
reception for sophomore girls and 
parents on Friday evening. Saturday's 
activities will include opportunities for 
parents to observe various classes, a 
father-faculty luncheon, and a dinner 
for parents and daughters. Sunday 
morning, dormitory coffees and a ser- 
vice in the Duke Chapel will conclude 
the weekend. 

Class Notes 

News of alumni who received graduate or 
professional degrees, but who did not at- 
tend Duke as undergraduates, appears 
under the year in which the advanced de- 
gree was awarded. Otherwise news ap- 
pears under the year designating the in- 
dividual's undergraduate class. Married 
couples representing two different classes 
are usually listed under the earlier class. 
Alumni should address correspondence to 
Charlotte Corbin, Class Notes Editor, De- 
partment of Alumni Affairs, Duke Uni- 
versity, Durham, North Carolina 27706. 

llftA Lowery H. Allison '18, who was 
■ lUll una M e to attend the Golden An- 
niversary reunion of his class last June 
because of injuries received in an accident 
several days before the reunion, is in a 
nursing home. He would be happy to 
receive communications from friends at 
The Evergreens, Inc., 3301 E. Bessemer 
Avenue, Greensboro, N.C. 

HP Gay W. Allen (a.m. '29) of Ora- 
£0 dell, N.J., retired on Feb. 1 after 
22 years as Professor of English at New 
York University. An author of major 


A meeting of Trinity College alumni at a banquet in the Battery Park in Asheville, North Carolina, on December 29, 1924. 

biographies of Walt Whitman and Wil- 
liam James, he will undertake a biography 
of Emerson. 

M Arthur L. Thompson, who retired 
from the North Carolina Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Church in 1968, has 
been appointed to serve Page Memorial 
United Methodist Church at Biscoe, N.C., 
until the end of May. He makes his home 
in Southern Pines. 


Edward C. Schollenberger is 
realtor in Detroit, Mich. 

QC Roland D. Carter a.m., Associate 
J3 Professor of English at the Univer- 
sity of Chattanooga, Chattanooga, Tenn., 
and a member of the faculty since 1942, 
received the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Humane Letters from his alma mater, 
Lincoln Memorial University, last June. 

James H. Styers was elected an 
executive vice president of Wachovia 
Bank and Trust Co. in November and 
will head the bank's Funds Management 

QIJ Roger G. Bates a.m. (ph.d. '37) of 
JQ Bethesda, Md., a member of the staff 
of the U.S. Department of Commerce's 
National Bureau of Standards at Gaithers- 
burg, has been named winner of a $2,000 
American Chemical Society Award in 
Analytical Chemistry. He will receive the 
award at the society's 1969 meeting in 
April. Chief of the bureau's electrochemi- 
cal analysis section, he is being recognized 

for his research on the behavior of electro- 
lytes in solutions. 

Dr. Clara Raven of Detroit, Mich., 
presented an exhibit on sudden death 
in infants crib death at the annual meet- 
ing of the American Public Health Asso- 
ciation in November. 

QT Leon Brody ph.d. is a professor of 
Q / education at New York University. 

Erma Griffith Greenwood of Knox- 
ville, Tenn., a senior member of a 
Knoxville law firm, drew up the charter 
for the International Transplantation 
Society, an organization of surgeons in 52 
countries who are working on transplant- 
ing human organs. A specialist in in- 
surance law, Mrs. Greenwood is chairman 
of the Tennessee Bar Association's 
insurance section and is the only woman 
ever to hold such a section chairmanship. 

Richard W. Kiefer ll.b. of Baltimore, 
Md., served as chairman of the National 
Committee of Lawyers for Nixon-Agnew. 
Co-chairmen were other members of the 
Law School class of '37. 

QQ Durham home builder Fred Hern- 
JO DON received an award in the fall 
from the National Association of Home 
Builders for "outstanding cooperation to 
the building industry and his cooperative 
effort in behalf of the Home Builders As- 


Thomas N. Ewing ph.d. is Professor 
of Psychology and Associate Direc- 

tor of Student Counseling at the Univer- 
sity of Illinois, Urbana. 

M 1 Sara McKenzie Halliburton (Mrs. 
*J| R. L., Jr.) of Arlington, Va., is 
teaching fourth grade at Ravensworth 
Elementary School in Fairfax County. She 
has three children, a daughter teaching 
high school French, a son and a daughter 
attending V.P.I, and the University of 
Tennessee respectively. 

Robert D. Little, a colonel in the 
U.S. Air Force stationed in Washing- 
ton, D.C., will retire in May after 28 years 
in service. 

Joseph S. Morris of Jamestown, R.I., 
has been elected Vice President and 
Controller of The Hanover Insurance 
Company and its subsidiaries. 

JQ Kenneth S. Shepard (m.d. '47) was 
*f >J promoted to colonel in the Air Force 
last February and in June was transferred 
to Scott A.F.B., 111., where he is chairman 
of pediatrics and of the Department of 
Medicine. Also, he has been appointed an 
associate professor of pediatrics at St. 
Louis University. 

Stanley L. Wallace has been pro- 
moted to the position of Clinical Professor 
of Medicine, State University of New 
York, Downstate Medical Center, Brook- 
lyn, N.Y. He is also President-elect of 
the New York Rheumatism Association 
and has just completed a two-year term as 
President of the Brooklyn Society of 
Internal Medicine. 




Challenging Academic Programs for 
Able Secondary School Students 


Intensive language programs in 
France, Germany, Spain and U.S.S.R. 

Intensive area study courses in 
Brazil, England, Greece, Italy and Japan. 


Imaginative courses in the humanities. 

American Studies course with travel. 

Computer math and logic courses. 


Courses in 

astronomy, biology and geology 

supported by the 

National Science Foundation 

in conjunction with 

Mount Holyoke College. 

Distinguished faculties drawn from 

leading colleges and independent 

schools across the country 

Address catalogue inquiries to 

Department R 

Mount Hermon Summer Schools 

Mount Hermon, Massachusetts 01354 

W. P. Budd, Jr., '36, President 
& Treasurer 

B. M. Rose '33, Vice Pres.-Sec'y 

J. B. Coble '32, Sales Rep. 


506 Ramseur St. 










Phone or Mail Your 

Inquiries to 

Box 708 — Phone 68S-S1S1 

JC James A. Borbely, father of 10 
*T J children whose ages range from 
seven to 24 years, is a member of the New 
Brunswick, N.J., Board of Education. He 
is a licensed insurance representative for 
the Nationwide Insurance Companies. 

Betty White Marshburn (Mrs. 
C. Z., Jr.) r.n. of New Bern, N.C., is 
office nurse for J. B. Warren '47, m.d. 
'51, who is in general practice. 

Charles S. Perry b.d. is district super- 
intendent of the Covington District, 
Kentucky Conference, of The United 
Methodist Church. He resides in Fort 

J|fJ Lcdr. Louise W. Sharp r.n., b.s.n., 
*f0 retired from the Navy in November 
after 21 years and three months active 
duty, and she is making her home in 
Reidsville, N.C. 

J1 Mary Cline Davison (Mrs. A. T.) 
'f / r.n. is assistant director of nursing 
service, surgical specialty units, at Duke 
Medical Center. 

in Emmett H. Bradley e.e., President 
■f JJ of Atlantic Research Corporation, 
has been elected a member of the Board 
of Trustees of the National Security 
Industrial Association, an organization of 
companies interested in Government-in- 
dustry cooperation in the defense field. 

John W. Sanders, III, is organist and 
music director at St. Philip's Church, 
Charleston, S.C. 

r< MARRIED: Russell H. Tagert, Jr., 
3 | to Mrs. Sarah Long Bunton on Oct. 

25. Residence: Greensboro, N.C. 

KDr. Robert S. Barefield b.d. is a 
professor of psychology and a 
counselor at the University of Missouri- 
Rolla, Rolla, Mo. 

Louise C. Egan b.s.n.ed. has moved to 
Tallahassee, Fla., to work for the State 
Department of Education. In her new 
position she is responsible for all nurse 
related educational programs throughout 
the state. 

In November the Chamber of Com- 
merce of Belmont, N.C, named Harley 
B. Gaston, Jr. (ll.b. '56) its 1968 Man 
of the Year for his many outstanding 
contributions to the city. Special refer- 
ence was made in the presentation to his 
"steadfastness and his willingness to do, 
even in small things," and to his "success- 
ful family living, competence in his pro- 
fession, and service to the church." City 
attorney and a partner in the law firm of 
Gaston, Smith, and Gaston, Mr. Gaston is 
married and the father of two sons. 

Since 1962 Robert M. Howard (m.d. 
'56) of Savannah, Ga., has been in the 
private practice of pathology and clinical 
pathology. He and his wife, Margaret 
Braun Howard b.s.n.ed., have seven 
children, ranging in ages from 5 to 13. 

MARRIED: Robert C. Gibbs to Nancy 

Jean Lane on July 6. Residence: Auburn, 

BORN: Third son to Chris Evans Folk 
and Mrs. Folk, Charlotte, N.C, on July 
29. Named Thomas Mark. 

Third daughter to Nancy Watkins 
Sommer (Mrs. Sebastian C.) and Mr. 
Sommer, Winston-Salem, N.C, on Oct. 
23. Named Ann Clemens. 

CO John T. King of Hickory, N.C, has 
33 moved to Shelby to become head of 
the installment loan department of First- 
Citizens Bank & Trust Company which 
opened in January. He and his wife have 
four children. 

Robert S. Tinsley, a pilot for United 
Air Lines, lives in Woodstock, 111. 

Thomas B. Watt, Jr., m.d. of Houston, 
Tex., is an associate professor of medicine 
at Baylor University College of Medicine, 
and director, Cardiovascular Research 
Laboratory, Houston VA Hospital. He is 
married and the father of six children. 

MBORN: A daughter to Frances Os- 
borne Mellin and William D. 
Mellin, Sunnyvale, Calif., on Sept. 6. 
Named Katherine Elizabeth. 

M Richard (Dick) Maxwell c.e. of 
Greensboro, N.C, was elected a 
Guilford County Commissioner in the fall 
election, being one of five Republicans to 
win a position in the County. Mrs. Max- 
well is the former Joe Padgett '57. 

Joel W. Shankle lives in Elgin, 111., 
and is a pilot for American Airlines with 
headquarters in Chicago. 

BORN: Third child and first daughter 
to Jack L. Corley c.e. and Mrs. Corley, 
Bristol, Va., on Oct. 28. Named Suzanne 

Third child and second daughter to 
Edith Long Hughes (Mrs. Thomas R.) 
and Mr. Hughes, Linthicum Heights, Md., 
on Oct. 10, 1967. Named Joyce Anne. 

Second child and first daughter to 
Claude Ledes m.d. and Mrs. Ledes, 
Memphis, Tenn., on Aug. 19. Named 
Jame Sue. 

CO Jackson W. Carroll b.d. is an as- 
30 sistant professor of sociology in the 
School of Theology and the Department of 
Sociology at Emory University, Atlanta, 

James A. Cavenaugh m.e. has been 
promoted to plant superintendent responsi- 
ple for all metals manufacturing opera- 
tions in the Winston-Salem, N.C, facilities 
of Archer Products, Inc. He and his wife, 
Patricia Marshall Cavenaugh, have two 

C James Nelson, vice president and 
city executive of North Carolina National 
Bank, Chapel Hill, was recognized as 
"Boss of the Year" by the Chapel Hill 
chapter of the American Business Women's 
Association. He is married to the former 
Etta Spikes '59, and they have two 


MARRIED: Jane A. Fleming to 
Michael J. Rabil on Nov. 10. Residence: 
Raleigh, N.C. 

BORN: A daughter to Mary Nell 
Sillmon Tullv b.s.n. and Harry T. 
Tully, Jr., b.s.m. '59, m.d. '60, Redding, 
Calif., on Sept. 21. Named Sharon Lynne. 

A son to Bowden W. Ward, Jr., m.e. 
and Mrs. Ward, Greenbelt, Md., in 
January 1968. Named Bowden W., III. 

M Kenneth L. Albrecht, manager of 
J / the Corporate Support and Editorial 
Services Division in Public Relations for 
The Equitable Life Assurance Society, has 
been appointed assistant to the Chairman 
of the Board. He is the 11th man chosen 
for the one-year rotating position. 

Joan Brown b.s.n. (m.s.n. '60) is Mrs. 
Winston L. Rhodes of Denver, Colo. She 
is working as a supervisor on the medical 
floor of Colorado General Hospital. 

John N. Simpson, a member of the 
American College of Hospital Adminis- 
trators, is associate administrator at River- 
side Hospital, Newport News, Va. He and 
his wife, Gina Marshall Simpson '59, 
have two sons. 

James W. Snyder works for General 
Electric in Milan, Italy, as manager, Inter- 
national Business Analysis. He is married 
and has three children. 

BORN: A son to William D. Beaty 
and Mrs. Beaty, Raleigh, N.C, on Oct. 25. 

First child and daughter to Henry A. 
Justice (b.d. '60) and Mrs. Justice, 
Greensboro, N.C, on Oct. 24. Named 
Lee Kimrey. 

MHilliard M. Eure, III, is a partner 
in the Greensboro offices of Peat, 
Marwick, Mitchell & Co., Certified Public 

BORN: Second daughter to Carolyn 
Bowersox Bowers and Alfred G. 
Bowers, Hamilton Square, N.J., on June 
25. Named Linda Kay. 

First child and son to Judith Brugh 
Lane (Mrs. Jerald P.) and Dr. Lane, 
Carrboro, N.C, on Dec. 7, 1967. Named 
Christopher Emery. 

First child and son to Frances Page 
Rollins (Mrs. E. T., Jr.) and Mr. Rol- 
lins, Durham, N.C, on Nov. 16. Named 
Edward Tyler, III. 

First child and son to Barbara Becker 
Sieg (Mrs. John S.) and Mr. Sieg, Ellicott 
City, Md., on Feb. 3. Named William 

ADOPTED: Second child and daughter 
by Jodi Daughton Swofford and James 
E. Swofford '60, North Wilkesboro, 
N.C, born July 4. Named Heather Eliza- 

MThis past summer Daniel E. Chap- 
pelle m.f., his wife and three 
daughters moved from Portland, Ore., to 
East Lansing, Mich., where he is an as- 
sociate professor of resource development 
and forestry for Michigan State Uni- 

Mary English Johnson is in the real 

estate business, being associated with 
Pobiak, Inc., realtors of Chevy Chase, Md. 
Her husband, Walter A. Johnson e.e. 
'60, who passed his Professional Engi- 
neer's examination last spring, is a project 
engineer in the civil and substation engi- 
neering department of Potomac Electric 
Power Co., Washington, D.C. They have 
two children and make their home in 
Bethesda, Md. 

Dean A. (Tony) Marquis c.e., Linda 
Visco Marquis and their two children 
have moved to Oregon, where Mr. Marquis 
is an assistant manager of a new long- 
range data processing group for Consoli- 
dated Freightways. They are making their 
home in Beaverton. 

BORN: First child and son to Sue 
Keim Balsamo (Mrs. S. Charles) and 
Dr. Balsamo, Cape Girardeau, Mo., on 
Sept. 29. Named Charles Anthony. 

First child and daughter to Anna Eliza- 
beth Haney Dees (Mrs. C. Stanley) 
and Mr. Dees, Alexandria, Va., on June 4. 
Named Elizabeth Claire. 

Second child and first daughter to 
Susan Hunsche Heil (Mrs. J. R.) b.s.n. 
and Captain Heil, Clark Air Base, P. I., on 
Feb. 28, 1968. 

MIn May 1968 Stephen H. Casey, a 
partner in Pearlstone-Casey Insur- 
ance Agency, Dallas, Texas, received the 
m.b.a. degree from Southern Methodist 
University. He and his wife, the former 
Terry Pearlstone '62, have a daughter 
and a son. 

Joan Starr Lindop (Mrs. Richard C.) 
of Indianapolis, Ind., writes that three 
pre-schoolers and a busy husband take 
most of her time, though she also te iches 
handicapped children one day a week, 
works on the junior symphony and with 
the League of Women Voters. 

On Jan. 1, J. Thomas Menaker (ll.b. 
'63) became a partner in the law firm of 
McNees, Wallace & Nurick, Harrisburg, 

Last June Malcolm K. Shields com- 
pleted an 1 1 months training program in 
pastoral care and counseling at The Men- 
ninger Foundation, Topeka, Kan., and is 
currently serving as a pastor to The Jeffer- 
son United Mission Parish in Madison, 

Edward D. Theriot, Jr., who has the 
ph.d. degree in physics from Yale, is on 
the staff of the Los Alamos Scientific 
Laboratory in New Mexico to work with 
the Medium Energy Physics Division 
under the auspices of the postdoctoral 
program. He is married and has two 

Richard A. (Rick) Vance became busi- 
ness manager of Crozer Theological 
Seminary, College of Nursing, and 
Foundation, Chester, Pa., in October. 
While he was taking graduate work at 
Crozer Seminary during 1967 and 1968, he 
served as assistant pastor of the United 
Methodist Church of West Chester, and 
he was ordained a Deacon in the Phila- 


Dr. Donald H. Sheehan 
'38 assumed office last 
year as president of 
Whitman College in 
Walla Walla, Washing- 
ton. Formerly professor 
of history at Smith Col- 
lege, he is married to 
the former Katherine 
Taft Chubb '39. 


Wayne H. Scholtes 
M.F. '40 recently re- 
ceived the 1968 Agro- 
nomic Education Award 
at the annual meeting 
of the American Society 
of Agronomy. He ser- 
ves as professor of 
agronomy and forestry 
at Iowa State. 


A Win E. Vile LL.B. '64 
is one of two men re- 
cently named to the 
newly created position 
of senior attorney in 
the legal department of 
Dow Corning. He will 
be responsible for tax, 
real estate and labor 


Francis "Dutch" Wer- 
neke B.S.C.E. '41 is 
assistant construction 
manager for The Port 
of New York Authority 
on a $600 million 
World Trade Center in 
Manhattan. Its towers 
will be the tallest build- 
ings in the world. 


Orion N. Hutchinson 
B.D. '52 has been re- 
elected to the board 
of directors of the 
National Association 
for Mental Health. He 
is serving as min- 
ister-in-charge at Ard- 
more United Methodist 
Church, Winston-Salem. 


Kenneth E. Boehm '43 
has been appointed gen- 
eral operations man- 
ager for the Bell Tele- 
phone Company of 
Pennsylvania's Phila- 
delphia Area. His wife 
is the former Annabelle 
Snyder '43. They have 
one daughter at Duke. 


delphia Conference of the United Metho- 
dist Church in May. 

Frederick B. Warburton has been 
named treasurer of B. F. Goodrich do 
Brasil, S.A., a subsidiary of International 
B. F. Goodrich Co., with headquarters in 
Sao Paulo. 

MARRIED: Robert O. Hurry to Joan 
Hill in May 1967. Residence: River Vale, 

BORN: Second daughter to William F. 
Chambers e.e. (ph.d. '67) and Mary 
Dawson Chambers a.m. '65, Tijeras, 
N.M., on Oct. 13. Named Suzanne 

Second child and first daughter to 
Peter C. Kaufman and Judith Claxon 
Kaufman '61, Louisville, Ky., on May 27. 
Named Elizabeth Saling. 

Second child and first daughter to 
Harold C. Mauney, Jr., and Joyce 
Leverton Mauney '62, Atlanta, Ga., on 
Oct. 19. Named Sandra Sinclair. 

M MARRIED: Bruce D. Grossman, 
y I a.m. (ph.d. '65) to Sharyn J. Hirsch. 
Residence: Merrick, N.Y. 

Brenda E. LaGrange to J. Howard 
Johnson on Nov. 28. Residence: New 
York City. 

BORN: Third child and first son to 
Carol Seaton Conger (Mrs. William 
L.) and Mr. Conger, Lexington, Ky., on 
Nov. 12. Named Christopher Lee. 

First child and son to John M. Derrick, 
Jr., e.e. and Mrs. Derrick, Washington, 
D.C., on Feb. 3. Named Mark Frederick. 

Second son to Thomas L. Engleby e.e. 
and Lynn Weitzel Engleby '62, Little- 
ton, Colo., on June 11. Named Edward 

Second child and first son to Elbert P. 
Hallock and Mrs. Hallock, Laurel, Md., 

on Aug. 11. Named Michael Thomas. 

Second child and first son to Betty 
Shore Shackleford (Mrs. R. G.) b.s.n. 
and Mr. Shackleford, King, N.C., on 
April 11, 1967. Named Richard Frederick. 

First child and son to C. Hamilton 
Sloan and Ann Crandall Sloan '61, 
Buxton, N.C., on Sept. 24. Named Cyrus 
Hamilton, Jr. 

Q'J Robert E. Breen has completed 
Q^ three years with the Air Force and 
is working for Avon in Rye, N.Y. While 
he was stationed in Mildenhall, England, 
he worked on an m.b.a. degree which he 
received in August 1968. He, his wife, 
Caryl Bate Breen '63, and their daughter 
are living in Stamford, Conn. 

Last year S. Howes Johnson and Har- 
riet Hester Johnson '63 were in grad- 
uate school at Southern Methodist, where 
he earned a Master of Laws in oil, gas and 
tax, and she a Master's in reading research. 
Currently he is practicing law in Paints- 
ville, Ky., while she is a reading specialist 
in the Johnson County schools. 

On Sept. 1 Samuel H. Magill ph.d. be- 
came President of the Council of 
Protestant Colleges and Universities with 
headquarters in New York City. Formerly 
Dean of Dickinson College, he has been 
a member of the CPCU Committee on 
Program Development with Overseas 
Member Colleges. Dr. and Mrs. Magill 
have three children. 

Charles A. Moore, Jr., c.e., who 
received the ph.d. degree in civil engi- 
neering at the University of California at 
Berkeley, joined the faculty of the Uni- 
versity of Illinois at Chicago in September. 

MARRIED: Lawrence H. Harrison 
to Ruth L. Feldman on Oct. 28, 1967. 
Residence: Ventnor, N.J. 

BORN: First child and son to Armon 

Dula m.e. and Mrs. Dula, Bridgeton, Mo., 
on May 6. Named Steven Armon. 

A daughter to Betsy Crawford Reed 
(Mrs. Charles B.) b.s.n. and Mr. Reed, 
Charlotte, N.C., on July 31. Named 
Katharine Leigh. 

First child and daughter to Dr. Gary 
Salenger and Mrs. Salenger, Los Angeles, 
Calif., on Oct. 18. Named Eden Michelle. 

First child and daughter to Elizabeth 
Kramer Smith (Mrs. John C.) and Mr. 
Smith, Eden, N.C., on Nov. 13. Named 
Jennifer Lee. 

OQ MARRIED: Don A. Dettmering 
() J e.e. to Diana Auck on March 30. 
Residence: Columbus, Ohio. 

John Richard Doggette to Karen Lee 
Kunde on Aug. 24. Residence: Topeka, 

Ens. Robert E. Kingsbury u.s.n. to 
Diana Fidanza on Aug. 31. Residence: 
Virginia Beach, Va. 

Martha Kay Shaw to Robert G. Kribs 
in September. Residence: Dover, N.J. 

BORN: First child and son to Betsy 
Miller Fuller (Mrs. Robert F.) and 
Mr. Fuller, Columbia, S.C., on Nov. 22. 
Named Robert Ferguson, Jr. 

Second child and first son to Bryant 
Ltndsey and Mrs. Lindsey, Seattle, Wash., 
on Aug. 12. Named Joel Jacob. 

First child and son to Margaret House 
Rush (Mrs. Julian B.) m.r.e. and Mr. 
Rush, Ft. Worth, Texas, on July 26. 
Named Jason Mathes. 

First child and son to Lieut. Neil C. 
Williams, III (ll.b. '66) and Muriel 
Farmer Williams '64, Norfolk, Va., on 
June 17. Named Neil Carson, IV. 

M MARRIED: David W. Long to 
Nancy Charles Ray on Oct. 26. 
Residence: Raleigh, N.C. 

Duke Alumni say: 

Meet me at the Downtowner ' 








309 West Chapel Hill St. 

► 156 Units 

Durham, North Carolina 

► Color television 

Telephone 919-688-8221 

► Banquet facilities 

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Established 1872 

Durham's Oldest Business Firm 

Bonds — Marine 
Fire — Casualty — Automobiles 

North Carolina National Bank Bldg. 
Tel. 682-9188 


BORN: First child and son to Edwin 
Ray Barnes c.e. and Barbara Matheson 
Barnes, Del Mar, Calif., on Sept. 8. 
Named Jeffrey Alan. 

Second son to Karen Krueger Dow 
and Jeffrey L. Dow, Southfield, Mich., on 
Oct. 1. Named Stephen Frederick. 

First child and daughter to Dr. James 
F. Jones and Jill Holmquist Jones '66, 
Galveston, Texas, on April 29. Named 

First child and daughter to Stewart 
Rushton, Jr., and Mrs. Rushton, New 
York, N.Y., on Sept. 5. Named Tiffany 

QC Roland T. Brierre, Jr., ph.d., a re- 
Ov search chemist, has joined the Du 
Pont Company's Spruance Film Research 
& Development Laboratory at Richmond, 

John W. Harris, who graduated from 
Harvard Law School in June and was ad- 
mitted to the Texas Bar in October, is a 
tax specialist for Arthur Young & Co., a 
national c.p.a. firm, in its San Francisco 
office. Also with the firm and living with 
John is Terry S. Gilbert '66. 

Otto C. Kitsinger, LT, is employed as 
an associate by the New York City law 
firm of Hecht, Hadfield, Hays, Landsman 
& Head, and his wife, Elizabeth Hii.ey 
Kitsinger '66 is a marketing analyst for 
the Chase Manhattan Bank. They live in 
Staten Island. 

MARRIED: Doris Anne Ingram to 
Frederick P. Lewis on Aug. 28. Residence: 
Somerville, Mass. 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
William G. Lawyer and Mrs. Lawyer, 
New Haven, Conn., on May 9. Named 
Katherine Elizabeth. 

First child and son to Carol South- 
mayd Marquardt and Emil C. Mar- 
quardt, Jr., ll.b., Clearwater, Fla., on 
Aug. 2. Named John Matthew. 

First child and son to Martha Sawyer 
Romp (b.s.n. '67) and Thomas L. Romp 
(j.d. '68), Rocky River, Ohio, on Sept. 24. 
Named Robb Logan. 

A A MARRIED: Elizabeth M. Cozart 
Qy b.s.n. to Dr. L. Carey Hodges, Jr., 
on Oct. 10. Residence: Albany, Ga. 

Nancy Gail Dillard (m.a.t. '67) to 
James M. Anthony on Sept. 14. Resi- 
dence: Lynchburg, Va. 

P. Grant Harmon, Jr., to Shirley Brad- 
way on Aug. 24. Residence: Chapel Hill, 

Fredrick G. Kroncke, Jr., to Marion 
Leslie Jones '68 on June 29. Residence: 
Carrboro, N.C. 

Dale G. Stansbury to Lieut. Daniel 
F. Bernard USNR, ll.b. '67 on Aug. 10. 
Residence: Sangley Point, P.I. 

BORN: First child and son to Suzanne 
Turner Lyons and H. Thomas Lyons, 
Jr., c.e., Allentown, Pa., on Sept. 27. 
Named H. Thomas, ILL 

First child and son to Lieut. Gustav 

A. Schick and Mrs. Schick, Fort Bragg, 
N.C, on Oct. 10. Named Gustav Scott. 
Second child and first daughter to Jean 
Watson Weatherspoon and William H. 
Weatherspoon (m.a.t. '67), Chapel Hill, 
N.C, on Oct. 13. Named Mary Elizabeth. 

QH Robert L. Blake, Jr., a second-year 
Q / medical student at Washington Uni- 
versity, St. Louis, Mo., has received the 
Biochemistry Prize, awarded to the student 
demonstrating superior scholarship in bio- 
chemical work in the first year of medical 

MARRIED: James R. Beshear m.d. to 
Lynn Hester Taylor on Nov. 2. Residence: 
Durham, N.C. 

Alan R. Borgman to Cheryl Ann Bara- 
nello on Aug. 30. Residence: Berkeley, 

Lt. (j.g.) Bowen S. Crandall u.s.n. to 
Jean Topping on July 5. Resident: Cape 
Canaveral, Fla. 

Parrish Nelson to John Hirasaki on 
Dec. 29. Residence: Houston, Texas. 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
Patricia Horwitz Segal and Herbert E. 
Segal m.d., Boston, Mass., on Aug. 22. 
Named Stacy Arleen. 

M Robert L. Bissell ph.d., who spent 
last year as a research associate at 
Cornell University, is currently an as- 
sistant professor of chemistry at Hampden- 
Sydney College in Virginia. 

Mark L. Helpin and David M. Ogro^- 
nick are attending dental school at the 
University of Connecticut and Meharry 
Medical College respectively. 

Terry W. Hull is a student in the Har- 
vard University Graduate School of Edu- 

J. Barry Maynard, his wife and young 
son are living in Cambridge, Mass., while 
he is working on a ph.d. degree in geo- 
chemistry at Harvard. He holds a Na- 
tional Science Foundation Scholarship. 

Gary R. Sanborn lives in Sunnyvale, 
Calif., and is a technical writer for Syl- 
vania Electronic Systems. 

Preparing to practice law are: Robert 
F. Cook, Christopher L. Edgar, and 
Stephanie Zeller, Vanderbilt; Carl W. 
Tobias and David B. Wuehrmann, Uni- 
versity of Virginia; John T. Burton, 
Sarah G. Harkrader, Paul S. Messick, 
Jr., Russell L. Norburn, Jr., and 
Arthur Vann, III, University of North 
Carolina; Nancy M. Corcoran and 
Glenn R. Lawrence, Emory; Thomas E. 
McLain, Randolph J. May, and Michael 
A. Pearlman, Duke; Judith E. Abrams, 
Boston University; Carol A. Cowgill, 
and Paul M. Stokes, University of 
Chicago; Keith C. Williams, University 
of Denver; John R. Stevens, Cornell; 
Jeffery B. Snyder, University of San 
Francisco; James C. Considine and 
Gerald R. Severson, University of Texas; 
Brian L. Schoenfeld, University of 
Richmond; Stuart M. Salsbury, Univer- 
sity of Maryland; Robert M. Rosenthal, 

l.s.u.; Tom W. O'Bryon, II, University 
of Georgia; Meredith Ann Nelson, Uni- 
versity of Michigan; Benjamin N. 
Miller, III, University of South Caro- 
lina; Timothy M. Kolodziej, Albany Law 
School; Raymond J. Klauss, University of 
Pittsburgh; Richard E. Brazen and 
Charles A. Goff, University of Florida; 
Thomas C Arthur and John F. Eggles- 
ton, Jr., Yale; and Linda J. Brown, Uni- 
versity of California. 

Graduates currently enrolled in Duke 
Medical School include John C Alex- 
ander, Jr., Dana K. Andersen, John D. 
Butts, Jr., Clifford B. David, Susan J. 
Engel, David S. Forth, David R. Garr, 
Charles G. McClure, Randall G. 
Michel, Nancy J. Tribley, and David K. 
Wellman. Those at the University of 
North Carolina include Peter G. Chikes, 
Beth Fudge, Joyce A. Hobson, James S. 
Reed, Jr., Ronald J. Stanley and John 
F. Wolfe. 

MARRIED: Lale Anitas to Saban C 
Boyasanayii. Residence: Istanbul, Turkey. 

Mary E. Benfield m.r.e. to David D. 
Norbury. Residence: Decatur, Ga. 

William James Cleary, Jr., a.m. to 
Patricia R. Coman on Dec. 30, 1967. Resi- 
dence: New Orleans, La. 

Sandra L. Singleton b.s.n. to Jackson 
F. Lee, Jr., on June 22. Residence: Dur- 
ham, N.C 


• Mills Kitchen '14, a former resident 
of Scotland Neck, N.C, died on Dec. 11 
in Atlanta, Ga. His wife, Mary Louise 
Manning Kitchin '20, survives. 

• Alan R. Anderson '15, a.m. '16 died 
on Aug. 16. He was a resident of Free- 
port, NY. 

• John B. Sledge '16 of Rich Square, 
N.C, died on Nov. 16. He was secretary 
of Durham Hosiery Mill and a member of 
its board of directors. Survivors include 
his wife, a daughter and a son, John B. 
Sledge, Jr., '51, m.d. '55 of Charlotte, 

• Edwin Burge '17 of Asheville, died on 
Oct. 14. 

• Mrs. Grace Osborne Clayton '17 of 
Roxboro, N.C, was killed on Dec. 30 
when the automobile in which she was 
riding was struck by a tractor-trailer truck 
on the Raleigh-Durham highway. A son 
and a daughter survive. 

• John A. (Lon) Bolich, Jr., '18 of 
Winston-Salem, N.C, died on Dec. 27. 
Owner of Bolich Real Estate Co., he was 
an organizer of the Young Democratic 
Clubs of America and was active politi- 
cally in the Thirties. Surviving are his 
wife and four brothers, including Philip 
M. Bolich '32 of Durham and W. Bryan 
Bolich '17 of St. Petersburg, Fla. 

• Rona L. Proctor '19 died on Jan. 2. 
Prior to his retirement he was employed 
by the Highland Cotton Mills in High 
Point, N.C. 





Serving Industry 



in the 

Southeast for Over Eighty Years 

• William H. Humphrey, Jr., '21 of 
Lumberton, N.C., died on May 29. He is 
survived by his widow. 

• Martha Irene Pitts '21, a retired 
teacher who taught in North Carolina 
schools for 44 years, died recently in 
Rocky Mount. At the time of her retire- 
ment in 1964, she was teaching in Jackson- 
ville. A sister, Mrs. Irma Pitts Pegram 
'25 of Washington, N.C., survives. 

• Alexander B. Wilkins '21 of Sanford, 
N.C., died on Oct. 31. In addition to his 
widow, he is survived by one daughter, 
Jane Wilkins Thrailkill (Mrs. David 
H.) '49 of Wilton, Conn.; and two sons, 
Alexander B. Wilkins, Jr., '61 of Char- 
lotte and Lt. Lucian S. Wilkins u.s.n. 

• Robert S. Burke '24 of Cincinnati, 
Ohio, died in December following a heart 

• Helena (Hessie) Watts Baum '26, 
a.m. '29, PH.D. '43, widow of the late Dr. 
Paull F. Baum, former James B. Duke 
Professor of English at Duke University, 
died on Dec. 31 at her home in Charlotte. 
Prior to her marriage she taught for eight 
years in R. J. Reynolds High School in 
Winston-Salem, and for several years was 
associated with Webber College in Babson 
Park, Fla. 

• Frank A. Bevacqua '29, a retired elec- 
trical engineer, and resident of Vienna, 
Va., died on Oct. 3. He joined the Navy 
Department as a civilian employee in 
1933; and when he retired in 1965, he was 
working at the Bureau of Yards and 
Docks. Since his retirement, he had 
worked as assistant manager of the Twin 
Lakes Golf Course. Mr. Bevacqua as- 
sisted with the work of the Duke Univer- 
sity Loyalty Fund for many years, and 
was also a member of the Duke Univer- 
sity National Council. Mrs. Bevacqua and 
a daughter, Donna Bevacqua Ominsky 
(Mrs. Mark) b.s.n. '68, of New York 
City, survive. 

• William E. Cranford '29, executive 
vice president and general manager of 
Seeman Printery, Inc., of Durham, died on 
Dec. 25. He was past president and 
director of the Printing Industry of the 
Carolinas and director of the Printing 
Industries of America. He was also vice 
chairman of the Durham zoning commis- 
sion and a member of the Durham 
Planning Board. The son of the late 
Professor W. I, Cranford, Mr. Cranford is 
survived by his wife, a son, William E. 
Cranford, Jr., '60; a sister, Mary White 
Cranford Clardy '18; and two grand- 
children, all of Durham. 

• Eben C. Morgan, Sr., '29 of Ashehoro, 
N.C., died on Nov. 22 following a period 
of declining health. He was a, retired 
school teacher and taught for many years 
in Asheboro City and Randolph County 
Schools. Surviving are his widow and two 
sons, one being Eben C. Morgan, Jr., '56 
of Winnetka, 111. 

• James W. Allison, Jr., '30 died on 

April 9. A resident of Goldsboro, N.C., 
he is survived by Mrs. Allison. 

• C. Grayson Biggs '30 of Lillington, 
N.C., died on Jan. 20 following a heart 

• C. Wesley Harvey, Jr., '30 of Green- 
ville, N.C., died on Sept. 28. 

• John R. Hester '30 of Charlotte, N.C., 
died of a heart attack on Sept. 30. Sur- 
vivors include a daughter, Harriet 
Hester '63. 

• John W. Moore m.ed. '32 died on 
May 23. He was a resident of Winston- 
Salem, N.C., where his widow resides. 

• Bowen Ross '32, a retired banker of 
Lumberton, N.C., died on Nov. 15. From 
1944 until his retirement in 1963, he was 
with Scottish Bank, and since his retire- 
ment he had served as treasurer of the 
Robeson County Library Fund. Mrs. Ross 
and a son, Bowen Ross, Jr. m.e. '60, 
ll.b. '63, of Durham, survive. 

• Charles I. Williams '33, Vineland, 
N.J., attorney, former Assemblyman and 
city official, died suddenly on Nov. 28. 
He had "an interesting political career, 
marked by ups and downs," which began 
in 1946. A past president of the local 
Lions Club, he was solicitor for the Vine- 
land Chamber of Commerce from 1943 
through 1945. Surviving are his wife, a 
daughter, a son and one grandchild. 

• Walker P. Burwell '34 of Warrenton, 
N.C., was killed in an automobile ac- 
cident on Oct. 25. Survivors include a 
brother, George A. Burwell '37. 

• Charles W. DeVoe '38 of Dallas, 
Texas, died on April 13. 

• Harry W. Hill ll.b. '38 of William- 
son, W. Va., died on Oct. 11. 

• Ira P. Hoffman m.ed. '38 of Sinking 
Spring, Pa., died in June 1966, according 
to information received recently. 

• J. Fulton Main '38, assistant head- 
master at Scarborough School, Ossining, 
N.Y., and a member of the school's 
faculty for almost 30 years, died unex- 
pectedly on Oct. 4. In 1961 he was 
awarded the school's newly established 
Kelvin Vanderlip Memorial Mastership in 
science, an award similar to an endowed 
chair at the college level. Surviving are 
his wife, the former Marjorie Oster- 
haudt '40, two sons, a daughter and a 

• Carol Webb Beyer '44, wife of 
Emil Beyer '38, m.d. '41, died suddenly 
on April 17 in Morehead City, N.C., 
where the family had recently moved. 
They formerly lived in White Plains, N.Y. 
In addition to her husband, she is survived 
by two sons and two grandchildren. 

• Edward Milllr '44 of Mamaroneck, 
N.Y., collapsed and died Oct. 20 on the 
sixth green of Hampshire Country Club 
while playing golf. He was an advertising 
specialist with Cole National Marketing 
Company of New York City. Surviving 
are his wife and three sons. 

• Robert Wilson m.ed. '45 died on July 
19. He made his home in Ashtabula, 
Ohio, where his widow resides. 

• William H. Stamford, Jr., '49 of Car- 
rollton, Ga., died on Oct. 15 following a 
heart attack. 

• Rev. Logan L. Bruce '50 of New York 
City, died recently from an apparent heart 
attack. He was an executive of I. T. T. 
Rayonier, Inc., while also serving as as- 
sistant rector of St. Paul's Episcopal 
Church in Brooklyn. His parents, Gen. 
and Mrs. A. D. Bruce, reside in Southern 

• David E. Bain '51, general agent for 
the Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance 
Co. of Erie, Pa., died on Nov. 26. He 
entered the life insurance business in 
Buffalo, N.Y. in 1952 and was a super- 
visor for Connecticut Mutual Life's Buf- 
falo agency from 1962 until he moved to 
Erie in 1964. During his 16 years in the 
insurance field Mr. Bain consistently 
qualified for his company's Presidents 
Club, the Leaders Round Table and the 
National Quality Award. In 1966 he was 
named the Boss of the Year by the Erie 
Junior Chamber of Commerce. Surviving 
are his widow, a son and a daughter. 

• Robert T. Brennen '51 passed away 
on May 19 following a severe heart attack. 
He was a resident of Elmhurst, N.Y. 

• Thomas R. Swain '51 of Seaford, Del., 
died recently following a series of heart 
attacks. He taught in the Seaford Special 
School District from 1956 to 1962, and he 
resigned to accept a teaching-principal 
position at the Blades Elementary School. 
In 1968 Mr. Swain was appointed Admin- 
istrative Assistant in the Laurel Special 
School District. He is survived by his 
wife, six daughters and one son. 

• John A. Dwyer ll.b. '52 died on July 
15. He was a resident of Whiteville, N.C. 

• H. Meade Nehrig '54 died on July 1. 
He was from Patton, Pa., where his 
parents reside. 

• Edwin T. Grabowski '57 died on Dec. 
12 in a fishing boat accident in a storm off 
the coast of Alaska, where he was a home- 
steader and fisherman. His wife, four sons 
and a daughter survive. 

• Information has been received of the 
death of Richard E. Weingart b.d. '61 on 
July 17. He was a resident of Hartford, 

• David W. Rees ll.b. '64 died on Sept. 
18 of lung cancer. A resident of Sierra 
Madre, Calif., he was associated with the 
law firm of O'Melveny & Myers of Los 
Angeles and was a member of the Ohio 
and California Bar Associations. His wife, 
a daughter, a son, and his mother survive. 

• Lieut. Griffith Bronson Bedworth 
e. '67, son of Carol Williams Bedworth 
(Mrs. Griffith S.) '42 of Woodbridge, 
Conn., was killed in action in South Viet 
Nam on Nov. 30, 1967. He was a heli- 
copter pilot in the 1st Cavalry Division 
(Airmobile), U.S. Army. In June 1967 
Lieutenant Bedworth was awarded the 
Silver Star for gallantry in action, and he 
was posthumously awarded the Distin- 
guished Flying Cross, the Bronze Star, the 
Air Medal with 22 Oak Leaf Clusters. 


Of Solitude and Silence 
of a Certain Amount 

what most persons only dream 
or make threats of doing. He 


m J resigned a secure and influen- 
tial position to move with his family to 
a remote area in the north Georgia 
mountains where his nearest neighbor 
was two miles distant; and there, on 500 
acres, he pitted himself against the land 
and won. This was in the year 1919. 

I first met him on the cover of the 
March 25, 1962, issue of The Atlanta 
Journal and Constitution Magazine, 
where he was billed as "The Sage of 
Talking Rock," a billing which must 
have amused him greatly, for I cannot 
imagine him ever being a pretentious 
man. An alumnus in Atlanta, noting 
that Mr. Perrow was a Duke graduate, 
sent a copy of the magazine to the 
alumni publications office. When it 
came to my desk, I read the story in the 
magazine and placed it in a file for 
future projects. But the future always 
seemed to be a captive of the present, 
and the story remained untouched in the 
file until December of 1965. That was 
when I had my second contact with Mr. 

He wrote me a letter about an article 
that I had done for the Register, and 
when I saw the signature, I remem- 
bered the story in the Journal and Con- 
stitution Magazine. Now was the time, 
I thought, to begin the article that I 
wanted to do about him, so I placed a 
telephone call to Talking Rock, 
Georgia, which was as difficult as call- 
ing overseas. "You want to call where?" 
said the operator. Eventually, the call 
went through — but no further than to 
the information operator, who in- 
formed me that Mr. Perrow did not 
have one of Alexander Graham Bell's 
inventions in his home. We then began 
a correspondence that extended over a 


period of months — me with a type- 
writer and him with a pen in what he 
called his "own hideous chirography." 
(The paper on which he wrote smelled 
of the woods in which he lived, the 
strong smell, dusty and damp, of leaves 
piled winter after winter at the base of 
great trees.) 

He had been born on December 7, 
1880, at the Tye River Depot in Nel- 
son County, Virginia. He remembered 
from here songs and stories of witches 
and devils, of lovers and murderers, 
tales of the wise and foolish, of humor 
and terror. His mind became a sponge, 
swollen with the folklore of the region. 

While still a child, he moved with his 
family "to east Tennessee and settled on 
a trace of rather wild country almost 
in the shadow of Clinch Mountain." 
He remembered this area years later as 
"an island of seventeenth-century cul- 
ture." He grew up here "before F.D.R. 
spoiled everything with his TV A," and 
his interest in folklore became abiding. 

He also had an insatiable intellectual 
curiosity. Although he attended a coun- 
try school only three months a year, he 
prepared himself for college by learn- 
ing Latin and algebra through indepen- 
dent study. He also "would walk several 
miles to the home of an old physician 
who was kind enough to help me with 
my German," and walked even further 
to study with "a preacher who knew 
something of Greek." 

He later wrote about these two men 
with fondness, and with words that were 
indicative of the independence and self- 
reliance within his own nature. The 
doctor, he explained, was a German 
who "had fled Germany to avoid mili- 
tary conscription, a disease for which 
he knew no remedy, and which had not 
as yet affected our peacetime land." The 
preacher had been banished by his 

bishop to that remote area because of 
some theological heresy. 

At age eighteen, in 1899, he received 
fifty dollars from his grandmother to be 
used for attending college. With this 
tenuous financing, but with great cur- 
iosity and confidence, he presented 
himself at Trinity College in Durham. 
He was placed in the preparatory pro- 
gram for one half-term, then admitted 
to the freshman class in the fall of 
1 899. He began very shortly to demon- 
strate his mental abilities, winning 
scholarship medals in 1901, 1902, and 
1903. When he graduated in 1903, he 
was valedictorian of his class. 

Even then, wrote Mr. Perrow, "boys 
would be boys." He remembered being 
among a group who "raised such a 
ruckus in the Main Building as to keep 
the students awake all night and to 
shake down the ceiling plaster into the 
office below." He also remembered that 
a newly established Law Club had con- 
ducted a moot court where the issue 
was whether or not Dr. John C. Kilgo 
was "mentally unfit to be President of 
Trinity College." Dr. Kilgo was never 
informed of the result. 

Mr. Perrow remained at Trinity for 
two years to study for his master's de- 
gree and simultaneously served as an 
instructor in history. He then attended 
Harvard University, where he grad- 
uated in 1908 with a Ph.D. in English 

His presence at Harvard had been 
made possible by a $300 loan from 
Benjamin N. Duke and supplemental 
earnings from scholarships and work 
as a waiter. Mr. Duke, who had "sent 
me word that when I was ready to go to 
Harvard to let him know," was "sur- 
prised that I had asked so little," said 
Mr. Perrow, and "said he had just lent 

Eber Carle Perrow 
At his fiftieth anniversary class reunion in 1953 

a young preacher $1,000 to spend the 
summer in Europe." 

Once he had obtained his doctorate, 
Mr. Perrow taught successively at the 
University of Mississippi, the Harvard 
Summer School, the University of Wis- 
consin, and the University of Louisville. 
At Louisville, where he remained from 
1911 until 1919, he became professor 
and chairman of the department of 

But he did not devote all of his time 
to his discipline. Unknowingly, or 
perhaps it simply was unknown to his 
consciousness, he began preparing him- 
self for the life that he would even- 
tually have. At Wisconsin, he took 
work in the School of Agriculture. At 
Louisville, he delved into the study of 
civil engineering. These studies, at a 
future date, would help him survive in 
the wilderness. 

In 1918 he made what probably was 

his most important decision. He decided 
to sever his relationship with the Uni- 
versity of Louisville in favor of the 500 
acres he bought in north Georgia for 
seven dollars an acre. It was "sickly" 
land, and the man who would have to 
work it was just as sickly. 

He had been advised by his physi- 
cian to leave teaching in order "to get 
rid of a bad case of nervous indiges- 
tion." Later, Mr. Perrow maintained 
that his personal relationships at Louis- 
ville were satisfactory — and they un- 
doubtedly were since he was asked to 
consider taking only a year's leave-of- 
absence before returning to his duties. 
However, a man who is happy with his 
work does not seem to be a likely candi- 
date for "nervous indigestion," and 
there are some indications that he was 
not happy in an academic environment. 
"I wouldn't have a dean telling me I 
had to pass this boy or that or we 

"Thoreau . . . had dropped a seed in my 
mind when he said that if a man 
would do good in the world, he must 
do it incidentally by living out his life 
in his own way, not pushing his 
reforms on other people. Now it 
seemed to me that maybe I could be of 
service to my mountain neighbors if 
I just went there and lived. . . ." 

wouldn't get our state appropriation," 
he once said. And in a reference to 
students, he wrote that some of them 
had probably thought of teaching in 
"universities that put winning teams in 
the athletic field, or ever higher and 
higher explosives in the military market. 
A few even may have thought of the 
generous pension systems of the more 
wealthy seats of learning." 

After making his land purchase in 
1918, he moved to Georgia on a hot 
day in June in 1919. He and a friend 
rode in a sweltering box car with his 
household possessions, some farm im- 
plements still covered with new paint, 
and "two large mares, a mule colt, a 
milk cow, four coops of hens, eight 
hives of bees," and "several bales of 
hay." His wife and three children — two 
sons and a daughter — took a passenger 
train and met him at Talking Rock. 

They moved their belongings nine 
miles by wagon to a dilapidated cabin 
on their property. It was "an old log 
cabin on a wind-swept hill, with a leaky 
roof and no windows except wooden 
hinges." He remembered once that 
winter that he "lay on the bed and 
watched the sky through holes in the 
roof, holes that dropped rain on my 
bed, and I watched as the wind, blow- 
ing through cracks in the logs, would 
lift lids off the pots on the kitchen 

At times he was discouraged, but his 
wife, a Boston girl who had been 
trained as a concert singer and who had 
sung with the Boston Opera, kept him 
from despair. "More than once," he 
said, "I was on the point of writing 
friends back North for help to get back 
to civilization and begin all over again. 
But she said: 'Your boat is now in mid- 
stream; your course has been set; the 
word is "full steam ahead." ' " And she 


was a woman who had not even seen a 
cow at the time they were married. 

In addition to Mr. Perrow's poor 
health, the family experienced some 
severe financial difficulties during the 
first few years in Georgia. Their savings 
had been used to purchase the land, 
and their only income was from some 
property they had sold in the North. 
This amounted to fifteen dollars a 

But his old interest in engineering 
eventually helped ease the financial 
burden. "Several farmers near and far 
called for my services," said Mr. Per- 
row, "both to measure land and to run 
out roads on a better grade." The in- 
come from this work was not great, but 
it did make things easier. The work 
also led to public office, and years later 
he would look back and consider it a 
singular honor "that my own County of 
Pickens here elected me without opposi- 
tion for five consecutive four-year 
terms as county surveyor." 

Mr. Perrow's own attitude about 
money also helped in those difficult 
days. "Dollars? I never put too high a 
price on them," he said. And later, 
"When lumbermen beg me to sell more 
of my timber, I tell them I'd rather 
look at the trees than the money." 

Slowly, Mr. Perrow cleared the land 
for planting, and he built up the worn 
soil to eventually "make seventy-five 
bushels of corn to the acre." He built 
with his own hands and with material 
from his land an eight-room house. 
When it burned, he built another. 

Such manual labor restored his 
health. "When I came I couldn't lift 
a half-bushel of meal onto my buggy," 
he said. "After a year or two I was 
loading two-hundred pound sacks of 
fertilizer into the wagon, and walking 
the sixteen miles to the county seat in 
about three hours." 

His presence was also beneficial to 
his neighbors. "I have seen these people 
move from the eighteenth century into 
the twentieth," he wrote. And he added 
modestly that perhaps he had "helped 
a bit." He shared freely with them his 
own knowledge. "In the course of years 
I have drawn up a good many papers 
for them, have answered (after a 
fashion) a good many of their Bible 
questions and have settled several bitter 
land feuds, some threatening gun-play. 
I have also helped get better roads in 


this vicinity and in surrounding coun- 
ties." He also, in those early years when 
medical care was scarce, pulled teeth 
with some dental tools that his grand- 
father "had used before the Civil War." 
And of course he was always busy col- 
lecting the folklore of the region. 


▼ ▼ HE 

HEN we were correspond- 
ing in 1965, Mr. Perrow was ap- 
proaching eighty-five years of age. He 
was living alone, his wife having died 
four years earlier and his two surviving 
children pursuing careers of their own, 
one as a doctor and the other in the 
lumber business. "As for our little girl, 
she grew up amid trees and birds and 
flowers, and then left us at fifteen to 
join Wordsworth's woodland girl in a 
better country than either Kentucky 
blue grass or Georgia mountains." 

This reverence for nature and for 
God were always important to him. "I 
need a certain amount of 'solitude and 
silence,' " he wrote, "in order to possess 
my own soul and see the world in per- 
spective. My contacts, even struggles, 
with nature have given both physical 
and spiritual strength." Although prog- 
ress — he used quotation marks around 
the word — had shown its face in his 
area, he said that it had not destroyed 
the area's quietude. "The heart that 
has found God in nature can still find 
Him in the center of civilized con- 
fusion," he said. And Mr. Perrow had 
no doubt but that he had found Him. 

He told me that he was still teaching 
Sunday school each Sunday, once in 
the morning at the Baptist church and 
again in the afternoon at the Methodist 
Church. He was ecumenical in nature. 

Although he had turned his fields 
over to forest growth, he was still culti- 
vating a garden and cutting his own fire- 
wood. And he continued to live in the 
present. "First," he said, "I read all the 
books on past history that I can buy or 
borrow. It gives an 'invar' tape with 
which to guage the present world. I 
read a half-dozen current magazines 
covering several fields, three or four 
daily newspapers, the Congressional 
Record, the decisions of the Supreme 

Court (as long as I can hold my 
temper), and of course the county 
weekly (to keep up with my neigh- 
bors)." In addition, his youngest son, 
the doctor, turned over to him "all his 
medical journals." He had little use for 
the numerous farm journals that he 
received. "They are hardly worth the 
daily half-mile walk I take to meet the 
mailman, for I can get expert agricul- 
tural advice from my immediate neigh- 

He also added that "for fear I might 
fall off a cliff someday and go to my 
last account having missed something 
of worth in this wonderful world God 
had let me live in, I have about finished 
reading thru a standard thirty-six vol- 
ume encyclopedia." That was in 1965. 


N spite of our correspondence, I 
still wanted to meet this man who 
humorously described himself as "an 
academic derelict living upon this 
'bank and shoal of time' in the 
mountains of north Georgia." But for 
all the mundane reasons that the pres- 
sures of the present can create, I never 
made that journey to those mountains 
in Georgia. Nor did I begin the article, 
for I still entertained the hope that 
someday I would go. 

The file with our correspondence re- 
mained on the corner of my desk. And 
even last December 7, Mr. Perrow's 
eighty-eighth birthday, I was sitting at 
a luncheon table with a gentleman, a 
former chairman of the University 
Board of Trustees, who had been a 
contemporary of his. It made me regret 
again that I had not made the visit I 
had planned. And then there was no 
need to go. 

My last meeting with Mr. Perrow 
was a duplicate of the first. An alumnus 
sent a newspaper clipping which passed 
across my desk. It said that he had 
died on December 20, 1968. 

"A burning log is company," Eber 
Carle Perrow once said, "and I always 
wanted to die in a room with an open 

I don't know if he got this wish. 

I hope he did. — H. R. J. 


Readers are invited to contribute 
their own views about matters dis- 
cussed in the Duke Alumni Register, 
and this space will be reserved in 
future issues for such contributions. 
Our hope is that many of you will 
take advantage of the opportunity 
for communication with the Univer- 
sity and other alumni. Address all 
correspondence to The Editor, Duke 
Alumni Register, 2138 Campus 
Drive, Duke University, Durham, 
North Carolina 27706. 


It is not my intention to take direct 
issue with Dr. McKinney's com- 
ments in the December issue of the 
Duke Alumni Register. However, 
I feel that, though his article did 
cover some very important aspects 
of social change, he failed to men- 
tion perhaps the most important 
negative change that man is pres- 
ently experiencing, and that is the 
subjective aspect of "courteous 
avoidance." I mean by this term that 
man is increasingly conditioning him- 
self to avoid the pain and discomfort 
he experiences when exposed to the 
suffering of his fellow man. For 
example, I noticed, especially during 
my American graduate schooling, 
that scholars, in particular, are find- 
ing it more and more discomforting 
to involve themselves in the sub- 
jective aspects of learning. They 
seem to be more concerned with 
themselves in a so-called scientific 
sense, thereby alleviating their emo- 
tional obligations to their fellow 
man. This I find much more chal- 
lenging and shocking than all the so- 
called social problems facing man in 
this half of the present century. Man 

will and can overcome most things 
he faces collectively, but when he 
begins to alienate himself to the 
point where he needs shock treat- 
ment to re-establish rapport then the 
individual, the country, the entire 
world are in dire peril. 

R. R. Napp '64 

Associate Professor 

Department of Sociology & 


East Carolina University 

A Noted Note 

I was pleased to see the letter from 
Mr. Carpenter ("Why Not Noted," 
December, 1968). I have been 
hoping that in some way the Alum- 
ni Register might recognize Richard 
Nixon's achievement. I recall my 
dismay and that of many Duke 
Alumni (all, I should hope) when an 
unfortunate news leak apparently 
made public the Duke faculty's rejec- 
tion of the suggestion of an honorary 
degree for the then-Vice-President 
Nixon several years ago. I hope that 
the present faculty and administra- 
tion and also the Alumni Register 
may offer the President some evi- 
dence of the esteem in which he is 
held by many of his fellow-alumni 
of Duke University. 

Fraser Drew '35 
Professor of English 
State University College 
Buffalo, New York 

See page 21. — Editor. 

More Sports 

I enjoy the Alumni Register very 
much, but I wonder if just a little 
space could be devoted to the Univer- 

sity's sports program. Being several 
hundred miles from the campus, all I 
ever see is a line score (occasionally, 
that is) in the local newspapers. Sure- 
ly you could spare one page for a 
little more information on the teams, 
the players, and the coaches. 

H. Stanton Oster, Jr. '51 
Knoxville, Tennessee 

With one of our summer issues, we 
will begin to treat sports through 
periodic feature articles. — Editor. 

The Symposium 

Even in today's Campus Col- 
lective Insanity, the December Reg- 
ister account of the student inter- 
ruption of a session of Symposium 
'68 is almost incredible. 

To be sure, it is easily believed 
that six of Duke's finest would 
engage in "incivility unbecoming a 
student" — all campuses now seem to 
be blessed with a sizeable orangutan 
segment. But it is at least discourag- 
ing that representatives of the 
Duke faculty would be either so 
utterly confused as to the conditions 
of survival or so dedicated to tucking 
their tails in terror in the face of 
Student Power that the young 
scholars are permitted to escape with 
no bearing of perceptible cost. 

The students can be credited with 
perverse cleverness and misdirected 
initiative. Is there anything at all 
which can be said on behalf of the 
Hearing Committee and other fac- 
ulty spokesmen? 

William R. Allen Ph.D., '53 


Department of Economics 


In This Issue 

Does Graduate Education Deserve Public Support 
By Richard L. Predmore 

The public, through the federal government, is not likely to continue its 
support of graduate education unless it believes that the higher learning is 
contributing to the solution of social crises. Page 1 

Graduate Education and the Humanities Faculty 
By John H. McElroy 

Is higher education high enough? Dr. McElroy discusses what he feels is the 
crucial issue inside higher education. Page 4 

The Hearing for Afro-American Demonstrators 

The Afro-American Society members who occupied Allen Building on Feb- 
ruary 13 went before the University Hearing Committee on March 19. 
This is the result. Page 7 

Can Duke University Put Down the Legend 
By Lucy Gruy 

New facilities and programs for the music and art depart- 
ments should help dispel the idea that Duke has no interest 

in the fine arts. 

Page 9 

Anne Firor Scott 

By Caroline Carlton John 

Anne Scott traveled a circuitous route to the classroom, but 
once there she quickly became one of the most respected 
professors on campus. Page 12 

Nominees for Alumni Trustees of the University 

A new procedure for electing alumni representatives to the Board of 
Trustees was announced last December. Page 16 

Of Solitude and Silence of a Certain Amount 
By Harry R. Jackson 

Eber Carle Perrow resigned in 1919 as head of the English 
department at the University of Louisville and went to live 
in semi-isolation in the Georgia mountains. Page 30 


East and West Page 18 

The Alumni Almanac Pace 21 

Letters Third Cover 


Design by John Furlow 

Editorial Staff 

Harry R. Jackson '57, Editor 

Caroline Carlton John '67, Assistant Editor 

Charlotte Corbin '35, Class Notes 

Department of Alumni Affairs 

Roger L. Marshall '42, Director 
Anne Garrard '25, Assistant Director 




1 Z^"' 

X . ><*<&£ 


^/ . 





In This Issue 

1 Who Are They? 

2 Does Student Government Have a Place on 

By Wade Norris '69 
6 Interviews: Steve Johnston, Leo Hart, Anne Oliver 
13 New Responsibility for Students 
By Lucy Gruy '69 

17 Interviews: Jane Rohlf, Tony Axam, Nancy 

23 The Student in Durham 

By Susan West '70 
27 Interviews: Merrill Ware, Bob Creamer, Donna Allen 

34 The Revolution and Reform of the Campus 
By Caroline Carlton John 

41 Interviews: Don Brodsky, Pam Brown, Joan Logan, 
Larry Partham 

48 A Yesteryear Student Looks at the Past and 
By Roy Newton '24 


51 East and West 

55 The Alumni Almanac 

63 Letters 


By Barbara Thompson 

Editorial Staff 

Harry R. Jackson "57, Editor: Caroline Carlton John '67, Assistant 
Editor; Charlotte Corbin '35, Class Notes 

Department of Alumni Affairs 

Roger L. Marshall '42, Director; Anne Garrard '25, Assistant 

Who Are They; 


THE TENDENCY is to label them — which maybe is some 
kind of human need, an attempt on the part of the origi- 
nator to create a superficial order out of events; or maybe 
the labels simply sell newspapers and magazines. In any 
event, it seems to be a foolhardy practice, and especially 
foolhardy when dealing with the young, whose attitudes 
and opinions are perhaps more malleable than those of 
their elders. 

Therefore, when we approached this issue, we did not 
have in mind a series of articles and interviews on the 
such-and-such generation. No attempt was made to filter 
the material to fit any preconception. We wanted instead 
to allow students to speak for themselves with a minimum 
of editorial interference. 

To accomplish this, we assigned articles to several stu- 
dents, asking them to present their own opinions and con- 
clusions about the subjects they were assigned. Then, to 
complement the articles, we decided to interview thirteen 
students who we felt represented a cross section of the stu- 
dent body in terms of class, school and college, and par- 
ticipation — or non-participation, as the case may be — in 

various student activities. We felt that by questioning 
these students about the same subjects our writers had 
written about, as well as about other areas of student life, 
the reader would be presented as accurate a portrait of the 
Duke student body as we could present. 

If there are any labels to be applied, then the reader 
must apply them himself, for the editors feel that the 
result is a picture of diversity, even though some attitudes 
and convictions are shared. The sharing did not alter our 
impression that each of these students was very much his 
own individual. And we tried to keep the individual in- 
tact in all of this material. 

The compilation of this issue required a great deal of 
time, and we want to thank each student for the time he 
gave. Also, we owe our thanks to Professor Emeritus 
Roy Newton '24, who very willingly agreed to write an 
article contrasting his own student generation with those 
generations he was to teach later on in his life. If you 
find this issue informative, it is a result of the efforts of 
these people. — Editor. 

voltjme 55/number 2 /maech-mat, 1969. The duke alumni REGISTER is published in February, March, May, June, August, September, November, and 
December by Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. Subscription rate: $3.00 per year. Advertising rates upon request. Change of address 
should be sent to the Duke Alumni Records Office. Second Class postage paid at Duke Station, Durham, North Carolina 27706. © 1969 Duke University. 



Student Government 
Have a Place 
on Campus 

By Wade Norris '69 

A LITTLE OVER three years ago, in 
1966, the Duke University Symposium, 
"Concepts of a University," brought 
together some of the most outspoken 
critics of the modern university and 
the student's place in it. These crit- 
ics included David Harris, then the 
radical student body president of Stan- 
ford University, and Paul Goodman, 
author of several challenging critiques 
of the American educational process. 
Two other major participants were 
Berkeley's Dr. Charles Muscatine, head 
of one of the nation's first commissions 
to study university governance, and 
Duke President Douglas M. Knight. 
Out of this symposium grew perhaps 
the largest University-wide discussion of 
the purposes of the university and the 
student's role in its governance that had 
occurred in the past several decades of 
Duke's history. During this period, 
Duke students were also becoming in- 
creasingly aware of innovations which 
were taking place in other American 
colleges and universities with regard to 
the student's role in university decision- 
making. Basically, American college 
students were — and still are — asking for 
two things. 

First, they want the right to make 
final decisions in those areas which they 

feel are the primary concern of students 
alone. For instance, most students feel 
that since regulations governing the in- 
teraction of students of the opposite 
sex (such as coeducational visiting hours 
in the dormitories and women's cur- 
fews) primarily affect students rather 
than faculty members or adminis- 
trators, then students rather than 
faculty members or administrators 
should be primarily responsible for 
making decisions in these areas. An- 
other example of this type of student 
concern — and one in which Duke stu- 
dents have traditionally enjoyed a much 
greater degree of freedom and respon- 
sibility — is the right of students to de- 
termine the nature of student organiza- 
tions and the programs which these 
organizations put forth, such as the elec- 
tions procedures of their student gov- 
ernment and the programs for which 
their student government dues are used. 
The second major focus of present 
and past student concerns is the students' 
desire to play a larger role in university- 
wide affairs which, although not felt to 
be the exclusive concern of students, are 
substantially important to the life of the 
student in the university and the educa- 
tion he receives there. This area in- 
cludes matters such as the determina- 
tion of curriculum, the determination 

of the university's relationship to the 
surrounding socio-economic community, 
and the determination of the rules and 
regulations which govern the conduct 
of all the members of the university 
community, such as the 1968 regula- 
tions on pickets, protests, and demon- 

The 1966 symposium and the sur- 

Wade Norris in the ASDU offices 
in the West Campus Union. "ASDU," 
writes Wade, "has become an increasingly 
debated issue . . . and does not enjoy any 
large degree of student support." 

rounding discussion had the effect not 
only of both focusing student attention 
on the extent to which Duke students 
played a primary role in strictly student 
affairs, but also was perhaps the first 
significant discussion within the Duke 
student body regarding the role of stu- 
dents in University- wide matters. 

This discussion came at a time when 

there was already a growing interest on 
the part of a small number of student 
leaders in the creation of a University- 
wide student government which could 
serve as a unified voice for the student 
body. This interest had developed for 
two reasons. First, in the spring semes- 
ter of 1966 men had finally been granted 
open-opens privileges on a trial basis, 

following by about a year the adminis- 
trative decision to discontinue the pro- 
hibition of alcoholic beverages in men's 
dorms. Neither of these two privileges 
had been granted at that time to women, 
partially because of differing reactions 
on the part of the Trinity College and 
Woman's College deans' staffs to appeals 
for social liberalization by the men's 
and woman's respective student govern- 
ment associations. Students on both 
campuses felt this to be an unjust di- 
chotomy and believed that the creation 
of a unified student government would 
help in alleviating this problem by 
achieving desired changes on both cam- 
puses in a more equitable fashion, 
i Secondly, the greater interest on the 
part of students in the total affairs of 
the University, created in part by the 
1966 symposium, also created a com- 
mensurately growing need for a unified 
student voice on these matters, inasmuch 
as it seemed that the efforts of the four 
separate student governments in this 
area where becoming increasingly redun- 
dant and inefficient. For example, stu- 
dents in both Trinity and Woman's 
College enter the University and receive 
their education under the same curricu- 
lum, and thus tend to view decisions 
in this area from the same perspective. 
As the emphasis of student interest 
shifted more and more to University- 
wide affairs rather than localized cam- 
pus concerns, the need for a University- 
wide student government grew increas- 
ingly apparent; an Inter-governmental 
Council made up of students, deans, 
and faculty members was established to 
consider the creation of such an organi- 

These interests and needs continued 
to grow during the fall of 1966 and the 
winter of 1967. and culminated in 
March of that year in the creation of 
the first University-wide student govern- 
ment in Duke's history — The Associated 
Students of Duke University — which 
rapidly came to be known by the stu- 
dents as ASDU. ASDU was to be the 
students' voice on matters of Univer- 
sity-wide student concern, while the 
four college and school student govern- 
ments (Women's Student Government 
Association, Men's Student Government 
Association, Nurses' Student Govern- 
ment, and Engineering Student Gov- 
ernment) were retained to deal with 
those matters of exclusive concern to 

the individual college or school. The 
ASDU constitution provided for a stu- 
dent government of three branches, not 
wholly unlike the United States federal 
government, consisting of an Execu- 
tive, a 44-member Legislature, and a 
Judicial Council. 

The Executive Cabinet, as provided 
for in the constitution, is made up of 
a president, four vice-presidents (one 
elected by the students of each college 
or school) , a secretary, and a treasurer, 
the speaker of the legislature, and the 
chairman of the Judicial Council. More 
recently, the chairmen of the five com- 
mittees of the legislature and the five 
executive committees have been added 
to make the executive the branch of the 
association responsible for direction and 
co-ordination of activities in each of the 
other branches and their subdivisions. 
Generally, most of the leadership of the 
association evolves from discussions in 
the Executive Cabinet, whose members, 
by the nature of their positions as 
outlined above, are usually the most 
experienced and most actively involved 
of all the students in the ASDU struc- 

However, the Executive Cabinet is 
greatly limited in the extent to which 
it can carry through to a conclusion 
any action on issues. Usually, dis- 
cussion on almost all issues of student 
concern is initiated in the executive and 
is then taken to the legislature, which 
consists of representatives elected ac- 
cording to class level on West and 
according to dormitory on East and in 
Hanes. Here in the legislature, the 
matter is discussed further, perhaps 
taken by the legislators to the living 
groups they represent, and then brought 
back to the legislature where final action 
is taken in one of two forms. If the 
issue is one of concern to the entire 
University community (students, faculty 
members, and administrators), a reso- 
lution is passed by the legislature which 
is then taken to the Student-Faculty- 
Administration Council, the deans, the 
faculty, or the University President for 
final approval. If, on the other hand, 
the issue under consideration is one of 
concern primarily to students, and if 
ASDU has been granted authority to 
make governing decisions in this area, 
then the legislature issues a statute 
which, in practice, can only be over- 
turned by the student body in a refer- 

endum (though the administration and 
the Board of Trustees could conceivably 
rescind such action). 

On those matters of more long-range 
student concern, standing committees 
have been established, under the direc- 
tion of the Executive Cabinet, which 
recruit their own members from the 
student body and, generally speaking, 
carry out their activities independently 
of the legislature and the other com- 
mittees. During 1968-69 a standing 
Committee on Academic Affairs worked 
very closely with the Undergraduate 
Faculty Council in the formulation and 
implementation of the new curriculum; 
a Teacher-Course Evaluation Commit- 
tee sent over 30,000 questionnaires to 
students asking their opinion of profes- 
sors and courses so that this informa- 
tion could be compiled in a publication 
of some 150 pages to aid students in 
their selection of courses and professors 
for the coming year; a Committee on 
Student Perspective sampled student 
opinion on matters ranging from poli- 
cies and conditions within the Univer- 
sity to questions of national student 
concern, so that this information, where 
relevant, might be channeled to the 
proper University authorities to aid in 
the passage of ASDU proposals for 

Of all the activities of the Associated 
Students, these executive standing com- 
mittees have met with perhaps the larg- 
est degree of success. For instance, 
with a great deal of co-operation from 
the faculty and administration, both the 
Teacher-Course Evaluation and the Stu- 
dent Perspective have now been com- 
puterized — a development which has 
drastically reduced the number of hours 
spent by students compiling results of 
questionnaires, and which has equally 
increased the number of students 
reached in these surveys and therefore 
the confidence that the final results 
represent an accurate assessment of 
student opinion on these issues. By 
next year, we expect to be able to pub- 
lish a Teacher-Course Evaluation at the 
beginning of every semester which will 
be among the most comprehensive and 
most accurate in the country, and to 
have developed a method of student 
opinion sampling which will allow us 
to statistically measure student opinion 
on any issue within one week of its de- 

„...ASDU has not been extremely 
successful in achieving the 
changes desired by students in 
either student affairs or those 
of University-wide concern." 

Unfortunately, ASDU's success in 
areas other than these service projects 
maintained by the executive committees 
has not been nearly as great. The leg- 
islature, which is the ultimate authority 
in all of ASDU's policy actions, is, by 
virtue of its highly representative com- 
position, an organization set up to 
govern; however, very little governing 
authority has been delegated it by the 
administration and the faculty. Matters 
such as determination of regulations 
regarding student social and physical 
conduct in the dormitories, parking in 
dormitory areas, and use of student fa- 
cilities, such as the union building and 
the gymnasiums, are still decided by 
administrators or student-faculty-admin- 
istrative groups rather than by the legis- 
lature of the association. Thus, the 
legislature's role has evolved into one 
of a "lobbying" organization for changes 
in policies which are desired by the 
student body — a role which it is too 
large and not sufficiently respected or 
experienced to perform. Thus, ASDU 
has not been extremely successful in 
achieving the changes desired by stu- 
dents in either student affairs or those 
of University-wide concern. 

This has lead some students to be- 
lieve that since ASDU seems incapable 
of achieving desired changes, it serves 
primarily as an instrument of "co- 
option" — a term referring to an organi- 
zation which presents the deceiving im- 
pression that it provides for the effec- 
tive representation of student opinion, 
when in fact the organization is little 
more than a "token" or "puppet" gov- 
ernment. The argument continues that 
the existence of this type of token or- 
ganization precludes the inclusion of 
more interested, ad hoc groups of stu- 
dents in University decision-making, 

and that since these groups would prob- 
ably be more effective in achieving the 
changes desired, student government 
should be abolished so that more effec- 
tive ad hoc lobbying groups would be 
formed and could enter into decisions. 
While the validity of this point of view 
seems to vary from university to uni- 
versity, it has recently lead to the abo- 
lition of student governments at several 
major universities, most notably at the 
University of Michigan and Cornell. 
The extent to which this argument ap- 
plies to ASDU has become an increas- 
ingly debated issue inasmuch as the 
legislature has, since ASDU's creation, 
been overturned in two student refer- 
enda and does not enjoy any large de- 
gree of student support. 

However, abolition of student gov- 
ernment does entail some real costs for 
the University. First, it puts the ad- 
ministration in the position of dealing 
with a large number of small student 
groups — all pressing for changes — none 
of which is truly representative of total 
student opinion on the issue. Also, it 
tends to lead the University into a more 
political context, inasmuch as ad hoc 
student groups are most readily formed 
by more militant students in the forcible 
pursuit of usually radical changes. 

Two developments this past spring 
indicate that organizations within the 
University are attempting to move real- 
istically in the direction of a greater 
amount of responsible student partici- 
pation in University affairs. In April 
of this year, the student body passed 
in referendum a new structure for the 
Associated Students of Duke University 
which provides for a student legislature 
composed of the presidents of each of 
the living groups on campus — thus a 
body has been created which can repre- 
sent the students of the University far 
more accurately than has been the case 
in the past. Also, the Chancellor has 
approved a recommendation from the 
Student-Faculty-Administration Council 
that a Commission on University Gov- 
ernance be established to inquire into 
the areas of University decision-making 
where students can make a positive con- 
tribution in the governing of the Uni- 
versity's affairs. It is extremely doubt- 
ful that these two developments alone 
will prove to be a panacea for the prob- 
lems in university-student relations 
which face Duke and many of America's 

other finest universities. Today's stu- 
dents were born too late to experience 
World War I, the Depression and the 
country's difficult recovery, World War 
II, and even the Korean War, which 
were the lot of our parent's generation 
and therefore played a large role in 
shaping their values and their outlook 
on life. At least partially because of 
this, today's college and university stu- 
dents are perhaps the most idealistic and 
egalitarian in outlook of any student 
generation in the nation's history. Such 
differences cannot be resolved through 
the creation of mechanisms and struc- 
tures alone. However, through innova- 
tions such as those mentioned above. 
the University is attempting to bring to- 
gether members from all of those groups 
who have a common concern in the 
policies and operation of the Univer- 
sity — faculty members, students, admin- 
istrators, alumni, trustees, and non- 
academic employees — so that the dif- 
ferences of opinion which exist among 
these groups regarding the best path for 
the University may be discussed and 
resolved more peacefully and more pro- 
ductively. To this end, ASDU has this 
year helped in the initiation of a Trustee- 
Student Liaison Committee, a program 
of sending students to speak to regional 
alumni groups on student concerns, and 
has placed thirty-seven students on Uni- 
versity committees with faculty mem- 
bers and administrators. Thus while 
there is little role in the modern univer- 
sity for a student "government" acting 
unilaterally (and usually ineffectively) 
on the larger issues of University-wide 
concern, ASDU is playing a crucial role 
in creating the dialogue on issues fac- 
ing the University, which is so essential 
at this time in the life of the University. 
During the coming year it seems highly 
likely that a more representative Asso- 
ciated Students of Duke University un- 
der new and dedicated student leader- 
ship will contribute more greatly to the 
growth and development of the Uni- 
versity and to the student's life and edu- 
cation here than has any student group 
in the University's history. 

Wade Norris, of Gastonia, North Caro- 
lina, was president of the Associated 
Students of Duke University during 
1968-69. A major in economics, he 
plans to enter either Harvard or Stan- 
ford for graduate study. 

Interviews: Steve Johnston 
Leo Hart 
Anne Oliver 

Steve Johnston, from Wilmington, Dela- 
ware, graduated in June. He has taken 
a position as assistant to Chancellor 
Pro Tern Barnes Woodhall to do re- 
search in the area of University gov- 
ernance. Steve was editor of the Chron- 
icle the fall semester of 1968 and 
served this year as the first student 
chairman of the Student-Faculty-Ad- 
ministration Council. 

STEVE Johnston has spent a lot of 
his Duke career thinking — think- 
ing about what makes the Uni- 
versity run, what motivates stu- 
dents to action or apathy. He has ex- 
perienced the problems first hand of 
running a newspaper often labeled 
"radical," as well as working through 

existing University committees and 
government structures. 

He readily admitted that the admin- 
istration is not hearing a majority opin- 
ion when it listens to the student gov- 
ernment leaders. 

"The student leadership is not repre- 
sentative of the student body. The rea- 
sons are manifold, but the prime reason 
is that most students aren't interested in 
involving themselves in University gov- 
ernance. Most of the student body is 
not interested in the University per se 
as an institution. Their commitment 
to it during their four years is pri- 
marily as it affects their education, 
which is good. By the same token, 
their interests are in terms of social 
regulations, athletics, and to a lesser 

degree, curriculum. The student leader- 
ship, because their role and interest lie 
in doing so, become very interested in 
how the University runs — what the 
budget is, where it puts its priorities." 

At the end of his first semester as 
chairman of the Student-Faculty-Ad- 
ministration Council, Steve concluded in 
a report that as a committee structure 
SFAC was not a useful function of 
University governance. This feeling 
was heightened in February after the 
black students occupied Allen Building 
and police were called to campus. 

SFAC passed a resolution which 
stated that "any decision to involve ex- 
ternal forces in resolving internal con- 
cerns of the University should be made 
only after every other possible means of 

Steve Johnston 
A lot of time spent thinking 

resolution has been exhausted . . . The 
decision should be made only after con- 
sultation with representatives of the 
University community." 

Steve and the other student members 
of SFAC tenured their resignations. 
(All except Steve later withdrew their 
resignations.) The statement they is- 
sued said: "We reject the philosophy 
that the answer to University govern- 
ance is the establishment of bodies 
which recommend actions to those that 
make decisions . . . This Council has 
not been a solution to the problems we 
face but only a mirror of them. The 
University must create a new method of 
governance that involves all parts of 
the community in the creation of those 
policies which substantially affect them 
or their environment." 

Steve believes that there has been an 
evolution in student government "from 
fiat to consultation and committee-type 
associations" — a pattern which he be- 
lieves "is headed toward delegating ma- 
jor policy-making to a council of stu- 
dents and faculty, a coalition of the 
two internal bases of power within the 
University. This does not mean any 
change in the structure or power of the 
Board of Trustees, but a recognition of 
the groups within the community that 
have a legitimate interest in the Uni- 
versity government." 

On the effectiveness of student gov- 
ernment, Steve said that "even student 
government leaders agree that it's worth- 
less or of marginal value, because they 
are not involved in an on-going basil 
for change, which seems to be the life- 
blood and impetus of student govern- 
ment. Their activities are closer to com- 
munity services, student discounts, stu- 
dent bookstores, information gatherers. 
[Since Steve's comments, MSGA and 
WSGA have dissolved themselves, leav- 
ing ASDU as the University student 
government, with East and West Com- 
munity Councils replacing the other two 
organizations. — Editor.] 

As a former editor of the Chronicle, 
Steve has both a working knowledge of 
the problems faced by those running 
the student press, and a distance for 
judging his successors. 

When he assumed the editorship in 
the fall of 1968, Steve wanted "to use 
the paper as a function of informing 
the community, a 'newspaper' in the 

traditional sense, and from there 10 
force people to think, to present them 
with new things. ... I tried to make 
the paper a function of University gov- 
ernance. We stirred some people to 
think about some issues, but we were 
hindered by infrequent publication, four 
pages three times a week." 

Asked what the philosophy of this 
year's Chronicle was, Steve said, "I can 
only tell you what Alan Ray says: 'for 
people to be less repressed, for people 
to do and say what they think.' This, 
he feels, is a very necessary factor in a 
university community. However, as 
always the paper has gathered a group 
of strong individuals who will be out- 
spoken in their thoughts, and they do 
not take into account the paper they 
are creating. . . . We should always 
write the truth as we see it. However, 
the effect is often that their best inten- 
tions go haywire; in trying to effect a 
policy, the animosity they create neces- 
sarily delimits their effectiveness. This 
is something I also faced in writing." 

Steve is doubtful of the worth of 
varsity sports at the University. "Minor 
and intramural sports ought to be more 
valuable — they give students an option 
of athletic involvement without the mas- 
sive technical and financial commit- 
ment. ... I think football is a dying 
University enterprise. The kind of sit- 
uation it creates (DUAA) is not a 
healthy aspect of the University; it's 
a spoils system-pork barrel operation. 
There's a problem because you've 
brought 'professional' athletes to pro- 
vide football entertainment. Should we 
encourage these people to be students?" 

The alumni-student generation gap is 
a cause of misunderstanding, Steve 
thinks. "Alumni think students are 
themselves at twenty, and that they 
should behave as they did — this just 
plain ain't so. I don't think alumni 
know how creative students are in their 
contributions to the University com- 
munity. Alumni are transfixed by sen- 
sational news coverage of certain events 
and think of the student body as a 
unity, a politically conscious rampaging 
force within the community." 

"A minority of students are greatly 
involved outside Duke, in the Durham 
Community, like those who live and 
work in Edgemont. A majority are 
probably involved in some sort of non- 

controversial service, nurses in public 
health, giving blood, or carrying voters 
to the polls." 

Even on campus "issues," Steve feels 
that the majority of the Duke student 
body is not greatly concerned. "Final 
exams. That's about it," he said. "There 
will continue to be issues which will 
arise. The residential pattern of the 
University may be the next one. What 
will be done is anyone's guess." 

Steve, who lived off-campus for the 
first time during his senior year, ideally 
would advocate "a long-term pattern of 
non-construction of residence halls; a 
renovation of West Campus buildings 
into small grouped hallways, similar to 
apartments and a co-educational pattern 
of living; encouragement of off-campus 
living "for whatever spin-offs there are 
as a result of renovations and increased 
enrollment. . . . This may involve con- 
struction of apartments in the commu- 
nity by the University." 

All this for Steve would be "some- 
how breaking down the residential stu- 
dent ghetto we've got on West." The 
choice to live off campus, according to 
Steve, must be open to women also. 
[This spring thirty Woman's College 
seniors were given the option to live 
off campus next year. — Editor.] 

"It is only that I'm off campus that 
I realize what the residential pattern 
did to my career." he said. He sees 
an advantage in both living situations. 
"Men among men and women among 
women — it's a very good socializing 
force for the community and should 
be continued for entering students. But 
increasingly juniors and seniors and 
perhaps sophomores should be en- 
couraged to identify with other pat- 

Steve described the socializing force 
that he feels accrues from dormitory 
life as "getting acquainted with men, 
living with tension, the personal life of 
individuals, their emotions, different so- 
cial situations. You're a different per- 
son after living with a hundred other 
people. The other effect is that it can 
'destroy men's minds' or at least stultify 
minds. There's no opportunity for con- 
templation and quiet to allow you to 
realize what you are doing or to take 
advantage of what's here. You'll go 
through the University and not realize 
what you've gone through." 


Leo Hart is a rising junior from Kin- 
ston, North Carolina, who quarter- 
backed the Blue Devils last fall. He is 
a member of Alpha Tau Omega social 

1EO HART is soft-spoken, with a 
yes, 'mam, yes, sir, politeness 
and shyness, which belie his 
^toughness and leadership on the 
football field. He is going into coach- 
ing or some field of education — if he 
does not make it to the pro's — which, 
barring any injuries, he probably will. 
The star sophomore this past season 
gained 2,238 yards with 162 completed 
passes, eleven of which were for touch- 

"I'm real happy to be a part of the 
athletic program. We have a great 
bunch of guys to play with, along with 
a great athletic tradition, plus high 
academic standards. Also, there's a lot 
of respect for the coaches." 

The why-don't-you-have-a-winning- 
team type of criticism does not greatly 
affect the players, Leo said. "Coaches 
hear a lot more than we do. This past 
year they were trying to build a good 
squad and no one expected too much, 
but we ended up winning four games. 
The team's a lot better and will be real 
good this year. Last year was probablv 
the best recruiting year we have had 
and we've got a lot of good talent com- 
ing up from the freshman team." 

Asked what role athletics play in the 
University, Leo said, "For a lot of peo- 
ple it's just a pastime that helps relieve 

Leo Hart 
The problem is finding time 

the tensions of schoolwork, but athletics 
is my life." 

There are definite disadvantages to 
being a varsity athlete. "School work 
mounts up and playing in sports takes 
up your time. You don't have that much 
time to study, and you get behind. It 
really depends on your teachers — if 
they are a little more lenient at times 
with you, when they know you have a 
game and aren't concentrating on your 
work. Sometimes they don't realize this. 
They think athletes should be like any 
other student — that they should be able 
to keep up — and they don't give us any 
breaks. But overall, teachers are pretty 
good to us." 

Leo thinks most of Duke's athletes 
would rather be playing here than at a 
school where academic requirements 
were lower. "They figure they can go 
to Duke and play pretty high-class 
football and get a good education. You 
have more prestige when you get 
through." Most players, Leo thinks, are 
more interested "in getting a good edu- 
cation to base their life on" than in 
playing pro ball. 

He also discounted the idea that foot- 
ball-oriented colleges and universities, 
with special privileges and dormitories 
for athletes, were beneficial to the 
players in the long run. 

"They don't meet the students we do. 
They don't have this cross section of 
people. When you get out of school 
you're not going to be living with foot- 
ball players. You will be dealing with 
a lot of different people, and Duke pre- 
pares you for this." 

Leo is satisfied with his life at Duke, 
with his fraternity affiliation, athletics, 
neither of which he feels is restricting. 

"I think the selective residential sys- 
tem on West is good, personally for 
me anyway. Boys who want to associate 
with certain people can, and build their 
world around a few friends. You meet 
more people when you join a fraternity. 
But if you don't want to associate with 
only these few you can join an inde- 
pendent house. I don't think a fra- 
ternity group is that close — you can 
still have friends in another fraternity." 
In Leo's pledge class last year half 
were athletes, half not. 

Involvement by athletes in campus 
affairs other than fraternity membership, 
according to Leo, is severely limited. 

From September 1 until November 23, 
Leo spends three to four hours a day 
on the football field or in quarterback 
meetings. After Christmas there is off- 
season training, followed by five weeks 
of spring practice. 

Off campus, however, Leo does an 
unofficial public relations job for the 
University by speaking at athletic events 
and banquets, or discoursing on sports- 
manship to high school audiences. He 
enjoys it, and feels that in this capacity 
the players serve a useful function in 
promoting good towngown relations — 
especially since there "isn't very high 
regard for Duke students in the Dur- 
ham community," he said. "You have 
so many people from so many dif- 
ferent walks of life — northerners, west- 
erners. I don't think Durham feels a 
real close relationship to these students 
because they aren't from the South. 
They think Duke students don't like the 
Durham community." 

Leo "decided if I ever had a chance 
I would come to Duke. When I was a 
little boy I came to Vic Bubas's basket- 
ball camp and saw the campus; and 
then seeing Duke teams play on tele- 
vision. I wanted to come." 

The Chronicle, he feels, is often un- 
fair to athletes. "In the past, the Chron- 
icle hasn't been too favorable to Duke 
athletes, especially the football players. 
A lot of things get published that aren't 

In lanuary, Leo felt that the demands 
by the black students did not enjoy 
much support from the majority of the 
student body. "Why should Duke 
change for a small group of students 
or any group of students that come 
here?" he asked. "If athletes made de- 
mands of the administration they 
wouldn't be met. Like in admissions, 
if they think you can't do the work here, 
they won't allow you to come." 

On the evening of February 13, Leo 
was among the some 1,500 students 
who were numbered in the police vs. 
student confrontation. "Most of the 
people were just there to see what was 
happening. It was a different activity 
for a Thursday night. I thought the 
whole thing was ridiculous. It seems to 
me like there should have been more 
talking to different University repre- 
sentatives . . . maybe the black students 
could have gotten their view across." 

Anne Oliver, a native of Washington, 
D. C, finished the fall semester at Duke 
with a 3.8 average. She was one of 
nine Woman's College students who 
transferred from the University after 
exams last January, and is now a 
junior at the University of Berkeley, 
majoring in history. 

I'VE gleaned about as much from 
'the Duke experience' as I can," 
Anne Oliver said, sitting in the 
Alumni Office. 
Anne, who in Washington lives next 
door to a trustee, whom she describes 
"as a really good one," came to Duke as 
a "fallback." 


: 'vvw ■* 

^ ?s 

Anne Oliver 
Duke wasn't what she wanted 

"I enjoyed it the first year. Since 
then I've been bored. I take courses, 
make good grades, and just get bored. 
I've spent my time here just trying to 
make it bearable, finding little outlets 
so I won't feel nervous and neurotic. 
It's three-fourths my fault and one- 
fourth Duke's." 

She spent several summers in Cali- 
fornia, once working in a peach can- 
nery and spending her free time moun- 
tain climbing. Berkeley, she hopes, will 
offer more personal freedom and aca- 
demic choice. At Duke she felt 
"hemmed in" by the social regulations. 
"I hate dorms, the noise, and the idea 
of being locked in somewhere at 2:00 
a.m." At Berkeley she'll be able to live 
off campus with her sister, who is a 
student there, and hopefully find a 
greater variety of teachers and courses. 
"At Duke, for instance if you're a his- 
tory major and don't get along with the 
specialist, say in South American his- 
tory, you're stuck and have to find an- 
other interest." 

Anne thinks perhaps some of her 
other reasons for leaving are irrational, 
but "I've made up my mind and I'm 
leaving. If I'm still unhappy at Berke- 
ley, then I'll know it's me and not this 

One general reason for her leaving 
was "the smallness, the rarified at- 
mosphere and limited scope. People 
are not thinking about things outside the 
community. The students that are hap- 
py here, I think of as dull academ- 
ically — but of the right turn of mind. 
They can write good papers, dull ones, 
and get through." 

"It's so easy to be here," she con- 
tinued. "Courses aren't that hard and 
the people are smarter than the course. 
The students get a certain satisfaction 
knowing that they are doing well, and 
they enjoy it because they know they'll 
never be in as easy a situation again — 
with little academic responsibility, in 
fact no responsibility at all — you're fed 
and the maids clean up your room." 

To Anne's way of thinking, most 
Duke students are too content to be 
aroused by issues. "I think that they 
should be involved with social regula- 
tions and curriculum, but they don't 
seem to care much. I guess it's because 
they have no comparisons to draw 
from — in high school things were worse, 


and college is a little better. No seeds 
of discontent have gotten through. I 
can't see much hope unless an influen- 
tial student leader is found who doesn't 
turn people off and can quietly 'educate 
the proletariat.' " 

The radical students, Anne sees as 
doing just that — turning off the ma- 
jority of students to their issues. "I'm 
fed up with the radical-political con- 
tingent," who she said, parenthetically, 
"are all my friends." "They've ruled 
the Chronicle, and a lot of times by 
being snide and totally unrepresentative 
of the community they've injured their 
purposes. . . . There are a few radical 
figures, like the Bunny Smalls and the 
Mark Pinskys of the world, but they are 
hated figures on this campus. Ninety 
per cent of the students can't stand 
them, and therefore, what they repre- 

Anne was the only white student 
interviewed who foreshadowed events 
that would shake the University a month 

"I can understand why the black 
students are miserable," she said. "I 
think they get a kind of racist feeling 
from the whites. A lot are middle class 
and haven't had anything to do with 
blacks and are uncomfortable around 
them. The blacks themselves run 
around in a group, and are completely 
cool, snubbing any whites not in the 
radical group." 

"Perhaps it is worse for the black 
males, because the fraternity thing is 
stronger on West. I think of them as 
being in the same sort of position as 
the independents. They have nothing 
to do but organize themselves." 

Concerning the black proposals 
which were known in January — those 
that had been made to the administra- 
tion in October — Anne said, "I think 
they deserve whatever they can get — a 
black history course (not just for blacks 
but for whites and not taught by the 
southern historian), a black living 
group. The administration should 
realize they've got a sticky problem. 
The blacks are way ahead of the whites 
and want something done. The ad- 
ministration ought to work with them, 
because I think there might be trouble 
from this small group, and they may be 
able to attract support from the whites. 
I get the feeling that they are the most 

progressive group on campus — because 
they're still trying." 

Among the non-progressive groups 
Anne would include student govern- 
ments. "Student government is a miser- 
able failure. Students don't understand 
the idea of governing themselves, so 
student government flops, except for 
half-baked teacher evaluations. And 
that's too bad, because a unified stu- 
dent government might be the one thing 
that could awaken this place, without 
resorting to more radical measures." 

Anne also feels that selective living 
should be re-evaluated. "I don't see 
that sororities do a lot of harm, but I 
think fraternities do. They sort of 
shield off any other kinds of interests 
except being with the brothers and liv- 
ing that good-fratemity-life. And the 
boy that doesn't go into a fraternity — 
where is he? He's got to get into some 
selective independent house or move off 

Anne thinks that the residential col- 
lege pattern should be abolished. "So- 
cial regulations should be relaxed com- 
pletely. All women with the exception 
of freshmen should be allowed to live 
off campus." With this, however, the 
University should "develop a program 
of activities that will attract people back 
to the campus. When you get students 
off campus, a cult of couples and apart- 
ment dwellers develops and this frag- 
ments the University community." 
Anne also thinks the University should 
try a free university program where 
"students and faculty can get together 
for more progressive and casual courses 
for credit." 

Anne feels that alumni views of stu- 
dents are fairly accurate "stereotypes" 
of what the majority of students really 
are "without any of the wild stuff." 
"They think of kids at their Friday 
night beer blast, letting the kids have 
their fun. They think of them studying 
dull courses, because they studied dull 
courses. Their university careers didn't 
mean much to them, and I don't think 
it matters to alumni that it doesn't mean 
much to students. Its upsetting — that 
alumni and students are just sitting 
around oblivious to the fact that this 
country is headed for more trouble than 
it knows. It surprises me that more 
hasn't happened here, like at other col- 



for Students 

By Lucy Gruy '69 


sically a residential institution. Its stu- 
dents form a closed community and each 
reacts to it and is affected by it in a very 
different way. Some jump right in and 
become active in the Student Union, the 
YMCA and the YWCA, and the stu- 
dent government. Some, though, would 
rather go to class four hours a day and 
otherwise live their own lives, unin- 
volved in campus activities, committees, 
and organizations. Nearly all, however, 
live together on campus, and are guided 
by the same social regulations and 
bound to the same standards. 

Traditionally, the University has had 
a strict attitude of in loco parentis. 
Duke has tried to help students mature 
by allowing them nominal freedom but 
mainly by showing them how to act and 
what to do. The University still be- 
lieves that a student can benefit from 
dormitory life and discipline, but more 
and more its administrators are begin- 
ning to recognize the value of encour- 
aging individual responsibility. 

Dean Mary Grace Wilson, the dean 
of undergraduate women, feels that 
the change in the University attitude 
toward rules is only natural. She points 
out that freshmen girls do have regu- 
lated hours and must have permission 
to sign out over night. It is primarily 
the upperclassmen who are affected by 
Duke's more liberal rules, and Dean 

Wilson feels the girls are in a position 
to handle their freedom responsibly. 
In her opinion, "The students who at- 
tend college today have reached a 
higher level of maturity than students 
in the past. They come to college with 
wider experiences through travel and 
exposure to the mass media, and are 
ready to accept a certain responsibility 
for their actions." 

Three years ago the students' lives 
were regulated by the University. Up- 
perclass girls had to be in their dormi- 
tories by 12:00 on week nights and 
1:00 a.m. on Saturday. Overnights 
could not be taken in the Durham area 
except with a girl's parents; alcoholic 
beverages were restricted to men's dor- 
mitories; only senior girls and upper- 
class boys could have cars; and for 
girls, parental permission was required 
for any kind of weekend. A coed 
could, under no circumstances, visit a 
male friend in an apartment or motel 
room alone, and maybe twice a year 
was allowed to visit a boy's room on 
the men's campus. 

These rules were designed to shelter 
the students and to protect them. How- 
ever, student opinion today scoffs at 
their precautionary tone. Girls argue 
that they are mature enough to regulate 
their own habits responsibly, and that 
laxity in rules hasn't affected their per- 
sonal standards. As one coed explained 

it: "Most people have developed a re- 
sponsible moral code by the time they 
are twenty-one, and if a girl hasn't — 
well — having to be in by 12:00 isn't 
going to help." Generally, the girls 
themselves agree that freshmen should 
be regulated, but they very strongly 
defend the policy that places responsi- 
bility with the students themselves. 

Today, Duke administrators seem 
much more willing than in the past to 
trust the students' judgment. Parental 
permission is no longer necessary for 
a girl to spend a night out or take a 
weekend away from school. Hours 
have been abolished for all but fresh- 
men girls. Upperclassmen can sign out 
for any hour and have a campus police- 
man let them into the dorm. Girls can 
now drink in their dorms, stay out over- 
night in Durham without special per- 
mission, and sophomores can have cars. 
Men now are allowed to have girls in 
their rooms on Friday and Saturday 
evenings and seem to be moving toward 
greater personal responsibility. 

Dean Wilson believes that "the job 
of the University is to prepare students 
for further maturity," and feels that 
the present Duke policy, relying on in- 
dividual responsibility, is the most effec- 
tive way to prepare girls for the future. 
She explains too, that "society has 
changed. Whereas the group used to 
make the decisions, now the group ac- 


cords to the individual the right — no, 
the obligation — to decide. The group 
accredits each member of it with the 
ability to act as a mature individual." 

House counselors, too, support the 
University attitude. They agree that 
with very few exceptions students have 
reacted to and accepted the more liberal 
rules calmly and maturely. The regu- 
lation passed to allow girls to drink 
alcoholic beverages in their dorms is 
probably the most controversial the 
University has put into effect. How- 
ever, although it seems to have drawn 
the most fire from Duke alumni, several 
house counselors have vouched that the 
students have accepted it very matter- 
of-factly. They don't feel that the 
privilege is being abused or that dorm 
life has been disrupted by it. 

On West Campus, the men students 
quite naturally have never been subject 
to the same rules as girls. Even so, 
they are moving rapidly toward an 
autonomous system whereby each stu- 
dent and each house shall regulate its 
own standards. The West Campus 
Community Council, made up of stu- 
dents, faculty members, and deans, has 
recently passed a resolution which "rec- 
ognizes that the matter of conduct in 
the residence halls is primarily a student 
concern." Their proposal "that each 
living group on West Campus have re- 
sponsibility for establishing and main- 
taining social regulations for its resi- 
dents" is now in operation on a trial 
basis, and if the responsibility is not 
abused will probably be adopted perma- 
nently. The WCCC ends its proposal 
with the statement that "this resolu- 
tion is postulated upon the idea that liv- 
ing groups and the individuals they 
comprise will act responsibly when 
given authority over their own affairs" — 
rather a major change in attitude from 
the traditional feeling of in loco pa- 

Living conditions, too, are changing 
at Duke — but much more slowly than 
the social regulations and without the 
accompanying change of attitude. More 
boys move off-campus each semester, 
but only under the pressure of increas- 
ing numbers of students and more and 
more crowded conditions. Duke still 
sees itself as a residential college, and 
the male students who live off-campus 
are a minority. 

Living on West Campus is much the 

same for the men as it has been in the 
past. It is a living situation which vir- 
tually no man on West Campus likes, 
but no satisfactory change has been 
found. Freshmen are presently placed 
in either an all-freshmen house or in a 
cross-sectional, independent dorm. If 
they pledge a fraternity they may move 
into a fraternity section which is nothing 
more than a dorm, with a commons 
room reserved only for the members of 
that fraternity. If a freshman chooses 
to remain independent, he has several 
options for the next year. He can stay 
where he is, if he is already in a cross- 
sectional dorm, or he can move into 
another independent house. Either way, 
though, he must apply and be accepted 
much as one is accepted into a fraternity 
— the only real differences being no 
rush and no national dues to pay. Some 
few independents try to live in fraternity 
sections where they can claim no affilia- 
tion at all and so get out of the tangle 
of dues, social ties, and petty competi- 
tions between the Interfraternity Coun- 
cil and the Association of Independent 

Two new dormitories completed on 
West in 1966 have not been able to 
solve the space problem on the men's 
campus and out of sheer necessity the 
University began to let men live off- 
campus. This past semester there were 
some two hundred male students living 
in off-campus apartments and houses 
and next semester that number is ex- 
pected to jump to over five hundred, 
simply because there is no room for 
these men in the dorms. Whatever the 
University's reason, many men have 
jumped at the chance to move into 
apartments and divorce themselves from 
the daily affairs of the college commu- 
nity. A senior who has lived off- 
campus for two years claims there are 
hundreds of reasons for moving out of 
a dorm. "For one thing," he says, 
"dorms are always noisy, the TV or 
juke box is always on, and somebody 
always wants to play bridge. More 
than that, though, in an apartment you 
don't have to share a phone with sixty 
guys, or stand in line for the shower, 
or worry about going to stupid house 
meetings to listen to rules changes and 
new ASDU legislation." 

Recognizing student discontent over 
West Campus housing procedures, and 
feeling itself that the present situation 

is far from satisfactory, Duke has set 
up a Residential Life Committee headed 
by Dr. Howard Strobel. On this com- 
mittee, faculty and students have to- 
gether formulated a series of recom- 
mendations to the administration for 
possible new living arrangements. 

Suggestions which include the cre- 
ation of a co-educational living-learning 
project, the abolishment of all-freshman 
houses on West to be replaced by cross- 
sectional houses, and the reorientation 
of fraternities from living groups to 
purely social clubs, are among the com- 
mittee's preliminary ideas. Dr. Strobel 
has emphasized the preliminary nature 
of the committee's work to date and has 
encouraged discussion and alternate 
ideas from all members of the Duke 
community, for "it is the conviction of 
the committee that diversity of residen- 
tial opportunities can best be encour- 
aged at Duke by letting patterns develop 
within a framework according to the in- 
terests and talents of those involved." 

Over the past eight years, living con- 
ditions on East Campus have changed 
and varied much more than on West. 
In 1959, the Woman's College began 

Living Off Campus 

The dorm was never as good 


a gradual increase in enrollment in an- 
ticipation of a dormitory building pro- 
gram. The new dormitory complex, 
then expected to be completed in 1966, 
has not been built. The plans are still 
in the hands of the architect. 

As the dormitories on East began to 
be hopelessly overcrowded, the first 
step, in 1959, was to put a group of 
freshmen and a few upperclassmen on 
the third floor of Faculty Apartments. 
Since then, the girls have overflowed 
into many other areas; and coeds now 
live on all three floors of Faculty 
Apartments, in Epworth (formerly the 
Graduate Women's Dormitory), in a 
small house in Edgemont Community, 
and on the third floor of the Graduate 
Center by Hanes. 

With the exception of the Graduate 
Center, which houses primarily fresh- 
men, with a small group of upperclass- 
men, these new living areas have been 
organized into living-learning corridors. 
The term living-learning and the con- 
cept of "diversity of interest groups," 
were introduced by Dean Ball in 1964, 
and since then the corridors have be- 
come very popular among the girls. 

There are now nine living-learning cor- 
ridors associated with the Woman's 
College, and in many instances the in- 
spiration for their formation has come 
from the students themselves. 

The Experimental Dormitory, now 
called Harambee, was the first to be 
formed in Faculty Apartments, and 
was a haven for girls who committed 
themselves to "scholarship, the intel- 
lectual exchange of ideas, and respect 
for one another's individualities." Since 
then, more structured corridors have 
developed: the Foreign Language cor- 
ridors (French, Spanish, and German) 
in Faculty Apartments, the Science Cor- 
ridor, also in Faculty Apartments, the 
Contemporary Arts Corridor in Ep- 
worth, Mass Media Corridor in Faculty 
Apartments, Society of the Seventies 
Corridor in the Graduate Center, and 
the African Corridor in Jarvis House. 
Another living-learning experiment is 
a co-educational project in which stu- 
dents live in two houses adjacent to 
Edgemont Community Center; house 
work, rent, and food expenses are shared 
and the students are committed to study 
and service within the Edgemont Com- 

Many of the corridors have now in- 
stituted one hour courses taught in the 
dorm parlor and open only to those 
living on the corridor. In Epworth, 
for example, Dr. Kort of the Religion 
Department is teaching an Interdisci- 
plinary course in Modern Drama; and 
the African Corridor in Jarvis is built 
around a course in African Studies 
taught by Dr. Graham of the History 
Department. The Language Corridors 
each have a language table upstairs in 
the Women's Union where students are 
asked to speak nothing but French, 
Spanish, and German. 

Girls on East praise the value of the 
corridors. A junior confided to her 
roommate last Spring: "If I hadn't 
moved to Epworth, I know I would 
have transferred from Duke." Girls for 
years have been arguing for the right 
to live off-campus ... to get out of the 
dormitory where many feel they are 
forced to share and live with people 
they have nothing in common with. 
Seniors hate the freshmen who run and 
scream up and down the halls about 
their latest love traumas, and people 
with diverse interests are not tolerant of 
the idiosyncrasies of the girls next door. 

The living-learning corridors, because 
they have a focus, generally attract girls 
with more similar interests and tastes, 
and some of the problems of living in 
a dorm disappear. In Epworth, for 
example, the girls on the Art Commit- 
tee have set up a series of art workshops 
at which different girls teach each other, 
and anyone else who is interested, the 
techniques of papier-mache, wood- 
cutting, batikking, etc. 

The trend on East seems to be toward 
the creation of more living-learning 
corridors and away from the traditional 
cross-sectional houses of 250 girls, ran- 
domly chosen. Some still want to move 
off-campus and the pressure of crowded 
houses suggest that soon it will have to 
happen; in fact, permission has already 
been granted for thirty senior women to 
live off-campus in the fall of 1969. 
[See page 54. — Editor.] Although the 
administration says no, the girls feel that 
this is an indication that even more will 
move off in the future. 

The University, however, is fighting 
to retain its residential quality and will 
let girls move out of the dormitory only 
with reluctance. But it seems that the 
corridor residential scheme, while it 
makes dormitory living more fun, also 
prompts coeds to look for something 
more than dorm life has to offer. 

On both East Campus and West, the 
slackening of social regulations does not 
seem to have particularly affected the 
living conditions of the students. For 
the most part, they are taking the rules 
changes in stride, and the pattern of 
campus life has scarcely been altered. 
Girls may stay out a little later, and 
couples may spend an evening in a 
man's room instead of the commons 
room, but basically the students live as 
they have in the past. The main dif- 
ference is in attitude more than in their 
actions. More and more they feel that 
they deserve to be treated as young 
adults and given the responsibility of 
an adult. In growing numbers they 
want to move off-campus — most with 
the simple attitude that it is time. As 
one senior boy put it: "I don't care 
about living off-campus just to raise 
hell. I figure I am twenty-two and it's 
time I learn to live like a man." 

This is Lucy Gruy's second article for 
the Register. A Native of Hebbronville, 
Texas, she graduated this June with a 
major in history. 


^F i: ip 


Jane Rohlf 

Tony Axam 

Nancy Hickenbottom 

Jane Rohlf, at left, a rising senior from 
Waterloo, Iowa, majoring in psychology, 
is active in Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. 
She was an FAC this year; a member 
of Ivy, the Freshman scholastic honor- 
ary; and president of Sandals, the 
sophomore service honorary. 

JANE has strong opinions on some 
topics, "prejudices," which she 
readily admits and traces to her 
conservative, mid-western back- 
ground. She's pro-sororities, girls at 
Duke, the new curriculum, and the ad- 
ministration; anti-Chronicle, radical stu- 
dents, most boys at Duke, and the so- 
cial life. 

" 'A warm spot in a cold Univer- 
sity.' " That's what sororities are for 
Jane, as well as a way to get outside 
the dorm and "do things." 

"Most kids that are independents 
aren't in on anything," she said. "Be- 
ing in a sorority you get to meet kids 
outside your dorm and develop friend- 

There are some disadvantages to so- 
rority life at Duke, disadvantages that 
have all been catalogued before, but no 
less real to current members like Jane. 

"Since we don't live together, it takes 
one aspect away from being a sorority," 
and the practical problem of communi- 
cating with girls in fourteen different 
dorms is another handicap. 

"Last year if someone asked 'what 
do you do in your sorority?' you'd have 
to stop and think and would be hard 
pressed to come up with much more 

than 'we have mixers, rush, and the 
pledge formal.' " 

This past year, however, Jane's soror- 
ity made an effort to add substance as 
well as parties, business meetings, and 
cut sessions. University administrators 
and faculty members spoke to the 
Thetas on topics ranging from Univer- 
sity finance to marriage, and the mem- 
bers were involved in projects for chil- 
dren in Operation Headstart. 

"Criticism from outside the sorority 
is that of selectivity, but I can't go along 
with that. You're selected for every- 
thing — selected to be at Duke, to be 
hired for a job." 

For the first time, sororities held rush 
last year at the beginning of second 
semester rather than in October. It was 
a wise decision, according to Jane. "The 
freshmen knew more about what group 
they wanted to be in. A year ago it was 
based a great deal on first impressions — 
often the more elaborate the parties the 
sorority gave, the better it was thought 
to be." Also, there is an advantage for 
the sorority members in having a se- 
mester together as a group without 
first encountering the hectic days of 
rush, followed by pledging. 

Jane, despite being pleased with the 
academic and East Campus realms of 
Duke, often wonders if this was the 
right choice of schools. She laughingly 
said that Robert H. Ballentyne, direc- 
tor of admissions, "bought" her with an 
Angier B. Duke scholarship. 

"I was going to an eastern college," 
Jane reminisced. But on visiting several 
of the "Seven Sisters," she was unim- 
pressed. "The girls said they studied 

all week and then left on the weekends, 
but I was there and no one left on the 
weekend. Plus, most had gone to board- 
ing school and were kind of wrapped 
up in themselves." 

"Sometimes I think I don't belong 
here," she said. "I like football, basket- 
ball, and it makes me mad that some 
kids say they don't want it here." Jane 
also finds the idea of living-learning cor- 
ridors personally objectionable. "You 
get educated all day long. I don't want 
anything academic from my dorm." 

Jane's main objection, however, lies 
with the men and the social life. "The 
girls here are fabulous, but the boys are 
just so bad. Duke is usually a girl's 
first choice, but the boys wanted to 
go to Harvard, Princeton, or Yale and 
picked Duke as their fourth choice be- 
cause they couldn't get in at the other 
three." This leads to a natural antipathy 
of males toward females, Jane charged. 
"If the girl is smart, the boys automat- 
ically dislike her the minute she walks 
in a classroom." "Here everyone is too 
study-oriented. They worry about 
grades and don't take time out to have 
fun and be really people." 

Among Jane's other objections are too 
few opportunities to meet boys, the 
"rut" of fraternity parties, the fraternity 
rushing of freshman girls followed by 
the proverbial "sophomore slump." 
"You have to have formal dates here. 
Everything is planned. You either say 
"hi" to a boy or you date him — there 
is no inbetween, no friends. I like 
spontaneous things, and that's lacking 
at Duke." 

But Jane does have some sympathy 


for the West Campus residents. "I 
think the living situation for boys is 
horrible. They have selective indepen- 
dent housing. Essentially this whole 
University is a big fraternity house. 
There's no place for a boy to live where 
he wants; especially for these boys who 
go through fraternity rush and get shot 
down and then get shot down in inde- 
pendent rush. It's fine to have organiza- 
tions, but there has to be an alterna- 

She described herself "as a really con- 
servative person" who believes that the 
student role in running the University 
should be minimal. "I would say that 
the administration knows a whole lot 
more about the whole situation, and 
everything the administration does is for 
a reason; they're not pursuing a course 
of destroying students. My business 
isn't running the school and I don't 
want to." 

Interest in student government, she 
contends, is generated primarily from 
those involved in its operations. "Last 
year ASDU passed a bill to have ice 
cream cones in the Dope Shop, and 
that sort of symbolized what they'd done 
all year. Most students don't seem to 
care about student government — and 
many aren't in favor of their proposals. 
Students defeated ASDU's only two ref- 
erendums on segregated facilities and 

Tony Axam, of Atlanta, Georgia, did 
not take his exams at the end of the first 
semester and was not in school during 
the spring term. However, he is now 
enrolled in summer school. A leader 
in the Afro-American Society, he was 
responsible for much of the success of 
Black Week. 

The University is trying to 
make me a good, gray-headed 
nigger." said Tony Axam. He 
speaks with a restrained bitter- 
ness, with disappointment, and per- 
haps — beneath the rhetoric — with a 
certain degree of hurt. He had not 

joining the National Student Associa- 

Although Jane has a built-in abhor- 
ence of radical students and hippies 
"who criticize and criticize but never 
say anything constructive," her opinion 
about the actions of the black students 
was one of concern. 

"There were so many sides to the is- 
sues. It was too bad that a minority 
was publicized as a majority. Only the 
liberals and the radicals were heard, 
while the moderates were saying 'what 
can we do?' " 

"I don't think they gained anything 
except recognition. The University 
didn't concede to anything. The whole 
thing was so pointless. I was in favor of 
Black Week, but I think what was 
gained has been destroyed." 

"Upperclassmen weren't too affected 
by the trouble on the campus. It's the 
freshmen who're really taken up in 
this sort of thing. They feel like they've 
got to jump on the bandwagon." 

Jane thinks it is unfortunate that 
alumni have misconceptions of stu- 
dents. "It's like in the papers — you 
never read about the good kids, only the 
bad ones. Alumni think the exception 
is the rule. I think maybe they think 
everybody is a hippy, no one is normal. 
But this is the vocal minority; the silent 
majority is never hard." 

expected his University experience to 
be what it had become for him. 

"I was a 'super' Negro," he said. 
Then he explained that in his segre- 
gated high school he had been voted 
"most likely to succeed," and that for 
him this meant that he "was going to 
make it in a white society. ... I was 
out for myself," he said. Such an atti- 
tude, he feels, was the result of his 
being taught to believe that "white is 
right and that the only way to get into 
the white middle-class was through edu- 
cation." When he came to Duke, he 
was already counting the money he ex- 
pected to earn after graduation. 

But partly as a result of his relation- 

ships with other black people, and 
partly as a result of his encounter with 
a predominantly white school, his atti- 
tude changed. "Black people recognize 
today that there are two cultures in this 
country," he said. And his emphasis 
now is on the "need for unity and soli- 
darity among black people." After the 
"cultural revolution," he said, "there 
can be some meaningful integration, 

The revolution will take place, he 
indicated, in the minds of both black 
and white, and in the societal structure. 
The black student, said Tony, is strug- 
gling to develop his consciousness of 
his own race — a consciousness which he 
feels a white society has denied him. 
Now the white society will have to ac- 
commodate this consciousness, even to 
the extent of changing societal struc- 
tures whenever that proves necessary. 

There is in Tony's comments about 
change a central theme: power. "You 
must control power to bring about 
change in this country," he said. And 
power also is an important factor when 
he discusses campus issues. He feels 
that the trustees, since they are the ulti- 
mate source of power, must clearly de- 
fine the "lines of power" within the 
University, and that in the process of 
this defining, they must be willing to 
redistribute power. Otherwise, said 
Tony, "students will have to take con- 
trol over those institutions which affect 
their lives." And areas of student 
power, he feels, extend to the hiring 
and firing of faculty and are not limited 
to student social and housing regula- 

Student government, he believes, is 
not an effective student power base. 
"It's just a toy," he said. "For the year 
and a half that I've been here they've 
never come up with anything. . . . 
Nothing. I can't find one thing of any 
substance that they've done for this 
University in the past. . . . They talk 
and then they blow off steam and then 
they think they are doing something. . . . 
I don't think they understand the chan- 
nels of power." 

Tony's preoccupation with the sources 
of power on campus was heightened by 
his experience during the Afro-Ameri- 
can Society's meetings with the admin- 
istration last fall and into the early 
winter as the groups discussed various 
"points of interest" which had been 


raised by the black students. He feels 
that changes advocated by the black 
students were simply swallowed by the 
passive resistance of a University bu- 
reaucracy. "I honestly feel," he said, 
"that this University won't act until they 
have to. Until they are pushed into 
a position where there is no other course 
but to act at that time." 

His characterization of the Univer- 
sity as intransigent is no stronger than 
his claim that it is basically a racist in- 
situation. It serves, he feels, to perpet- 
uate a white society. He also believes 
that the student body is primarily rac- 
ist, ranging from the "nice" racist, who 
accepts him because he is black, to the 
"ugly" racist, who rejects him for the 

same reason. These attitudes were im- 
mediately obvious, he said, in the Uni- 
versity's living structures and in fra- 
ternity rush. 

According to Tony, there presently is 
no such thing on campus as an inde- 
pendent dormitory. The so-called inde- 
pendent houses, he feels, are nothing 
more than fraternities since the mem- 
bers of these houses can exercise selec- 
tivity in choosing residents. "I'm very 
much opposed to this system of selec- 
tivity," he said. "I think it debases and 
degrades the individual." Ideally, Tony 
believes, houses should not have the 
power to exclude students as long as 
room is available. 

If he opposes selectivity among stu- 

dents who call themselves independents, 
he is even more adamant in his oppo- 
sition to the selectivity exercised by 
fraternities. "I had the misfortune of 
going through rush," he said, "and may- 
be that's why I oppose the system so 
much." Several fraternities wanted 
him; but he felt that they wanted him 
because he was black. Several other 
fraternities "made it known that they 
weren't accepting blacks." even though 
theoretically they are prohibited from 
practicing racial discrimination. As 
long as this living situation prevails, 
said Tony, "I think that blacks should 
have the option to live with all blacks." 
Tony feels that within the Durham 
community white involvement with 

Tony Axam 
Cautious optimism about the future 


blacks is beneficial primarily to whites: 
"It makes them feel good." And he 
said that many student efforts in the 
community were superficial. However, 
he admitted that "there are a lot of good 
people who want to do things." 

Some of these good people are on 
the Chronicle. "I respect its editorial 
page a great deal," said Tony, "and I 
think that's what a lot of students dis- 
like." He also recognizes that its edi- 
torializing begins with its news content, 
but this, he said, is "nothing different 
from any other newspaper in this coun- 
try" — merely less subtle. 

Nancy Hickenbottom, of Upper Mont- 
clair, New Jersey, is a history major, an 
independent, and a member of the Uni- 
versity's student-faculty Residential Life 

NANCY has an intelligent, 
mature perceptivity that is 
revealed in her judgments 
of the University commu- 
nity. She is quicker to criticize activities 
such as student government, in which 
she participates, than she is to discover 
faults in sororities. She could spend 
a year discussing and devising a phi- 
losophy for the residential college sys- 
tem at Duke without losing sight of 
small details, such as "institutional 
furniture, the need for more dorm study 
rooms," a system to which Nancy feels 
more students would respond than to 
off-campus housing. 

Nancy capsuled the trouble with the 
Afro-American students "as just one 
big communications gap." And her 
sympathy and criticism were directed 
at all camps. 

"I could agree with some of the de- 
mands of the students, but not with their 
tactics. It seems as if there was some 
progress being made; the University 
was working on the demands. 

"Calling in the police was okay, but 
using tear gas was tragic. If everyone 
had treated the situation naturally . . . 
people act as they're expetced to act. 
The police acted as if they expected 

The Chronicle's conce.n with con- 
temporary social issues is particularly 
attractive to Tony, for he feels that 
"most people — black and white — are 
basically complacent." For Tony, this 
means that a majority of people accept 
the status quo of the social and eco- 
nomic and power relationships within 
this society. As coalitions of young 
black and white radicals seek to alter 
such relationships, Tony feels that the 
near-view for racial accord in this coun- 
try is not favorable. But he is cau- 
tiously "optimistic" about the long- 
range view. 

the students on the quad to be riotous. 

"The militant and vocal minority ex- 
ploited the issue ... It turned the cam- 
pus into something very unrealistic." 

Of the demands made by the black 
students, Nancy reacted most favorably 
to a black dorm: "A black dorm that 
would incorporate a living-learning pro- 
gram would be beneficial; it fits into the 
framework of the existing living situa- 

Nancy can equate the idea of a black 
living group with the success the eight 
living-learning corridors on East Cam- 
pus have experienced. Last year over 
150 Woman's College students partici- 
pated in the corridors, which were or- 
ganized around interest groups, such as 
contemporary arts, languages, science, 
African studies, and mass media. 

"The corridors are broadening. It 
gives people an added dimension in 
residential life. Just as life in the dorm 
as a freshman is an added dimension 
in life — you learn something — and 
sophomore year, too, perhaps. After 
that, if you have outgrown the experi- 
ence, you can move into a corridor 
combining an interest with a living 

Nancy does not regret not having 
joined a sorority. "When I came here 
I decided I wanted to do things with 
people, but there had to be a choice 
somewhere, so I chose to devote my 
time to student government and class 
activities. I don't think I've nvssed out 

on anything — except maybe once when 
the girls were going to their pledge 

And although Nancy believes it has 
been more beneficial for her not to be 
in a sorority, she finds nothing in- 
herently wrong with the system. So- 
rorities provide more leadership oppor- 
tunities, and they're a good way to do 
things and meet people." 

Student government, Nancy feels, 
could be more effective than it is. "Any 
student government is as valuable as you 
want to make it. It's there and you can 
ignore it or do something about it, allow 
yourself to become responsive to it. As 
for most of the Duke students, I just 
don't know." 

"It could be more effective if it dealt 
with the everyday needs of the stu- 
dents — practical problems like housing. 
Practical problems are what people 
respond to more than long-range goals. 
You like action during your four years, 
even little things like getting the East 
Dope Shop open on Sundays." 

Action on the part of student govern- 
ment would generate action from stu- 
dents. Student leaders, Nancy said, "do 
not represent most of the campus, but 
they do represent most of the concerned 

Also not representative of the ma- 
jority of students' views, according to 
Nancy, is the Duke Chronicle, which 
she reads daily. "Nothing is as close- 
minded as a liberal when he thinks he 
is right — and you can apply that to the 

Nancy, who "doesn't know any 
alumni," gleaned some of her infor- 
mation about former students "from 
reading a lot about them in the Chron- 

"I get the feeling they are opposed 
to whatever is going on, but I don't be- 
lieve it. I think because of the time 
they've been away perhaps they don't 
understand activities of the University 
and of the students. They don't under- 
stand that the student involvement is 
sincere — that young people are really 
idealistic. If students see something 
wrong, they want to go out and do 
something about it." 

Alumni influence on the University, 
according to Nancy, should be a con- 
tinuous thing — not "reaction" to a pub- 
licity-attracting event. However, she 


Nancy Hickenbottom 
The freedom has been accepted naturally 

feels that it is natural for alumni to be 
upset over such changes as liberalizing 
social regulations: "It must seem to 
them that eventually there aren't going 
to be any rules — when once there were 
a lot. But it would help if they would 
understand the philosophy behind the 
rule changes — the idea of individual 

It seems to Nancy that Duke students 
have accepted this increased freedom 
naturally. "Drinking and no hours 
haven't made any real changes here in 
the life on campus. There is. it seems, 
a growing effect — it has given everyone 
a great personal responsibility in main- 
taining Duke University as a worth- 
while place. Individuals have taken this 
responsibility very well." 

If there is misunderstanding by 
alumni about students, then, according 
to Nancy, Duke students often are guilty 
of the same hypercritical sin. They 
tend to reduce the community of Dur- 
ham to cliches — a "cultural waste- 
land," "it needs reforming." "urban de- 
velopment is desperately needed." 
"Duke students fail to realize that Dur- 
ham is a community where people live 
and raise families. Too much emphasis 
is put upon the underdeveloped and not 
on the positive side." 

About the academic life of the Uni- 
versity, Nancy feels that the statement 
that "everyone is always studying" is 
valid, but that the problem lies with 
very competitive students "taking their 
work too seriously, making it difficult." 
"It isn't necessary. I haven't really 
found anything difficult in the class- 
room. It comes from the students them- 

Athletics, according to Nancy, plays 
a "strange role" in the lives of the Uni- 
versity's students. "It's like students 
are very indifferent and above the 
rah-rah of football, and that's unfor- 

Nancy was attracted to Duke for a 
variety of reasons. She liked the idea 
of a co-ordinate college, the size, the 
reputation of the history department, 
and she absolutely hated cold weather. 
Has Duke lived up to her expecta- 
tions? "Its not as social as I thought 
it would be. Sometimes it's too much 
like I go to a woman's college, but with- 
out the activities to compensate for the 
lack of men." 


Pat Giordano '69, of Bloomfield, 
New Jersey, was one of a number of 
Duke students who served as tutors for 
children in the Durham community. 





in Durham 

By Susan West '70 

EARLY last fall, Duke and 
North Carolina College students 
jointly sponsored a three-day 
conference entitled "Toward a 
New City." In explaining the purpose 
of the conference, Duke chairman Jim 
Riley wrote that "it is . . . evident that 
the University and the community can- 
not exist separately. . . . We cannot 
afford to let the two drift apart." In- 
creasingly, Duke students are becoming 
aware of Durham as their community. 
And they are looking for ways to do 
their "thing" in that community. 

Stock philanthropic activities, such 
as Thanksgiving favors, one-shot Christ- 
mas parties for Edgemont children, and 
painting houses "landlords should have 
painted years ago," are being replaced 
by such phenomena as Project Santa 
Claus, Edgemont live-ins, and Big 
Brothers. According to Nancy Richard- 
son, director of the YWCA at Duke, the 
"band-aid approach" is out. What's 
"in" is an awareness of Durham's basic 
poverty problems and a wish to be, as 
one Vista poster challenges, "a part of 
the solution," rather than part of the 

Miss Richardson sees the purpose of 
the community service programs spon- 
sored by the YWCA and the YMCA 

as "trying to help build personal satis- 
faction and depth in those being helped, 
as well as a sense of awareness in the 

Y member." The areas of emphasis — ■ 
institutional services, tutoring, and com- 
munity action — are grouped under the 
Community Concerns Committee, which 
draws together the efforts and resources 
of the Associated Students of Duke 
University (ASDU), the United Chris- 
tian Movement (UCM), and both Y's. 

J. R. High, a student from Raleigh, 
North Carolina, and chairman of the 

Y subcommittee on community action, 
says his committee of ten works as a 
liaison between students and the com- 
munity and community organizations. 
"We reach out into the community and 
support action. We do not initiate 
action," J. R. emphasizes. "We only 
support with our endorsement and active 
aid certain programs begun by the com- 
munity itself." Most of the energies 
of the community action committee this 
past year were aimed at supporting a 
successful twenty-nine week boycott of 
selected Durham merchants which had 
been organized by the Durham Black 
Solidarity Committee. The boycott, 
which blacks began as a protest of con- 
ditions in the black community in 
Durham, was first supported on an in- 

dividual basis by J. R. and others in the 
summer of 1968. They presented the 
issue to the Y Cabinet at their pre- 
school retreat last fall. "The Cabinet — 
as 25 individuals — chose to endorse the 
boycott," J. R. says. The community 
action workers disseminated informa- 
tion (including maps to direct students 
to stores not on the boycott list) and 
invited speakers from both sides to 
speak in an open forum. Although 
J. R. — black himself — feels that most 
Duke students, who represent white, 
affluent middle-class America, have a 
hard time relating to the problems of 
the poor blacks in Durham, he was ini- 
tially pleased with the active and moral 
support students gave to the boycott. 
That support, however wide-spread at 
first, dwindled significantly as, in J. R.'s 
analysis, time-consuming studies and 
university activities took priority as the 
first semester progressed. 

A problem of misdirected community 
service referred to J. R.'s committee last 
year was the traditional one-shot Christ- 
mas parties with which Duke students 
tried to express an interest in under- 
privileged young citizens of Durham. 
In an effort to avoid undermining pa- 
rental confidence and authority — which 
happens when the gifts come directly 


from students — the community action 
committee, with Edgemont Community 
Center, devised Project Santa Claus. 
The project operates on donations of 
gifts and money from a number of 
sources. Duke's contribution this year 
from living groups and sororities was 
over $1,000 in gifts and donations. 
One night before Christmas, parents 
come to the center and choose Santa 
Claus presents for their children. Look- 
ing ahead, J. R. says, "We're thinking 
about charging a negligible fee next year 
so the parents will feel less as if they 
are taking charity and more like real 
Santas for their kids." 

An articulate student from Madison, 
Wisconsin, Tom Scrivener says his 
"thing" is sponsoring the drive for 
United Durham on West Campus. This 
project — an attempt "to help people 
where they need it most, in the stomach 
and the pocketbook," according to Tom 
— was begun last summer when the 
black Durham community drew up 
plans for a food store, which would 
offer the poor a 2 to 3 per cent discount 
on food items after the purchase of one 
share of Class A Stock (at $5.00). To 
finance the project, the planners devised 
Class B stock which, at $5.00 a share, 
entitles the owner to dividends if there 
are any profits. In the first six months, 
workers like Tom collected $7,000 from 
Duke faculty and $4,500 in cash and 
pledges from students. Tom has been 
pleased with the response: "There are 
so many views held on racial issues now 
and so many possible solutions to the 
problems. Too often it's a game of rhet- 
oric, not commitment. Something like 
this project is good because it cuts across 
political barriers to test the common 
understanding among informed, con- 
cerned persons that these poverty- 
stricken people must be helped." 

Many students are choosing to ex- 
press their wish to "do something" 
through the individual contacts pro- 
vided by tutoring programs. To meet 
the need for a funnel operation to place 
interested students where the need is 
greatest, the Y created the Tutorial 
Subcommittee of Community Concerns. 
This committee recruits for three tutor- 
ing programs in Durham: Edgemont 
Community Center, ACT (a commu- 
nity-organized program which works 
with poor whites), and Erwin Mills 
(under supervision of the Baptist Stu- 


dent Center) . "The idea of tutoring," 
explains Nancy Richardson, "is not to 
have a Duke student be nice to a little 
boy once a week, but rather to work 
with him on an individual basis. The 
tutee feels that someone cares, and the 
tutor encourages him to develop his 
resources as a person with the hope that 
he will be more fit to help the commu- 
nity himself." 

Pretty Pam Henderson, a sophomore 
from a small town outside Richmond, 
Virginia, has worked with both recruit- 
ing and tutoring. She found the initial 
response to recruitment early in the 
fall overwhelming, but admits that time 
requirements cut down the group con- 
siderably. But those who stuck with 
tutoring are finding it one of the most 
rewarding and at the same time frus- 
trating of jobs. Pam, an anthropology 
major who feels ghetto groups should 
be understood as subcultures and not 
asked to conform to Western culture, 
says, "I think the hardest thing to rec- 
ognize is the unfulfillment of romantic, 
glorified ideas. I didn't have a real 
grasp on what the situation was. I went 
through a period of disgust with social 
work and its attitude of superiority. I 
found that the only way I could get 
through to my tutee was to be a friend, 
honestly and simply." Pam. by her 
own request, tutors an eighteen-year- 
old girl and feels her situation is some- 
what unique. "Kay needs a friend 
more than she needs motivation or even 
academic help. We do a lot of talking." 

ACT, even more than the other two 
programs, is working this year under 
the relatively new theory that tutoring 
should be centered in the home. ACT 
tutors, accordingly, tutor in the child's 
home. "We are trying to get the whole 
family involved in their role and in the 
possibilities of a new life in a new so- 
ciety," Nancy Richardson explains. 
Pam has found that "the most valuable 
experience to me was meeting Kay's 
mother and talking to her. Reading and 
studying statistics about poverty is one 
thing; but when you sit down and talk 
to someone and learn how unhappy a 
mother is at Christmas when she is un- 
able to give her children what she'd like 
to, you know what those statistics really 

The Y tutoring programs alone do 
not measure the extent of Duke stu- 
dents' involvement in such an activity. 

Senior Nancy Aikens and eleven or 
twelve other Duke students worked 
through a tutoring program sponsored 
by St. Joseph's Episcopal Church. Tu- 
tors met their tutees at the church at 
least twice and usually four times a 
week for academic help and recreation. 
Nancy's tutee was a nine-year-old boy, 
who brought his brothers with him on 
Sundays to meet tutors at the East Cam- 
pus gym for swimming and ball games. 

All the tutors agree that the program 
is a wonderful opportunity for them to 
do their part in the community and to 
learn about some of the problems of 
poverty first-hand. As always, how- 
ever, they are questioning the value of 
such a program: does tutoring really 
help the tutee or is it just another deed 
for another do-gooder? Pam thinks 
tutoring has a very real and important 
effect on the tutee, "Coming in contact 
with someone of a different background 
and educational experience is good for 
these kids. Often the only exposure 
they have to the educated middle class 
is the people who give them orders — 
an unknown constraining force in their 
lives. If they have any aspirations, it's 
important to have someone close to 
them in college to whom they can look 

Nine undergraduates who are in- 
volved in a live-in project, begun three 
years ago in Edgemont, are probably 
the closest of all students to the poverty 
situation there. Four girls live in one 
house with a young couple; five under- 
grad boys live in another house nearby. 
"We live in houses that are very much 
like others in the Edgemont community, 
although our lighting, heating, and 
kitchen appliances are somewhat bet- 
ter," says Pauline Bassett, a junior from 
Maryland who applied for the living- 
learning experiment to "see how much 
I really want to be a social worker." 
During their year of Edgemont resi- 
dence each student has a project in the 
community. Pauline's project is a girls' 
club which she takes on camp-outs often 
and for which she plans crafts, discus- 
sion, and recreation for weekly meet- 

Pauline likes living in the Edgemont 
house, because of the independence it 
gives her and the challenge it presents. 
But she admits that, at times, it is hard. 
"You go through a period of disillusion- 
ment when you begin to see how little 



Duke Students in Edgemont 
How much can one really do 

you can really do in a situation like 
Edgemont. But I believe I'm begin- 
ning to come around and to see the 
opportunities for worthwhile individual 
contacts. I still want to do social 

Students and University officials are 
finding more and more that community 
service is a valuable educative process 
in itself, and both groups are eager to 
extend programs of inter-action with 
the community as a practical applica- 
tion of classroom facts and figures. 
Ruth Katilius, chairman of the Institu- 
tional Services Subcommittee of Com- 
munity Concerns, sees the possibility 
of extending now voluntary, non-credit 
programs at John Umstead Hospital and 
Murdoch School to the status of inde- 
pendent study or field work in the cur- 
riculum with course credit assigned. 
Presently, fifteen students are working 
with psychiatrists at Umstead one after- 
noon a week in a rewarding learning ex- 
perience with mentally disturbed adults. 
Another twenty undergraduates work 
with blind, multi-handicapped children 

at Murdoch. Although the number of 
participating students has dropped from 
fifty to twenty-five since recruitment in 
early fall, because of drop-outs between 
recruitment and actual work, Ruth says, 
"The kids who have stuck it out have 
been pleased. They seem to have found 
their work a valuable experience." 

Closely connected in purpose and 
operation to the Institutional Services 
Committee of the Y is the concept of 
Woman's College "Internships in Com- 
munity Service," a project begun in the 
fall of 1967. With the advice and help 
of Dean Josefina Tiryakian, a student 
committee on Educated Womanpower 
developed the idea of field work in the 
community. The stated purpose of this 
project is "to provide students oppor- 
tunities to contribute to the community 
and to gain knowledge and experience." 
On a voluntary and non-credit basis 
students are placed in a number of busi- 
ness and civic organizations for a semes- 
ter or an entire year to work once or 
twice a week as trainees. Some of the 
participating organizations are the Dur- 

ham County Welfare Department, the 
Durham Police Department, the Herald- 
Sun Papers, and the North Carolina 
Museum of Art in Raleigh. Duties and 
experiences of interns vary, but the 
project has met with enthusiasm both 
from students who find their work 
"fun," "interesting," and "very worth- 
while," and from employers who feel the 
internships are providing a much 
needed contact between Duke Univer- 
sity and the Durham community. 

Carol Hargan, who spent one morn- 
ing a week fall semester working as a 
Duke Hospital Hostess, enjoyed her 
internship so much that she worked 
twice a week during the spring semester. 
Her duties included helping patients 
get welfare aid when they needed it, 
running errands, talking. "I made lots 
of trips to buy candy bars," explained 
Carol in her bubbly way. "Sometimes 
a patient would want so much to talk 
but didn't know how to begin. The 
answer was to send me for a candy bar." 

Carol feels her experience broadened 
her insight into human nature, as well 


as having brought her closer to the com- 
munity. "I saw both the sordidness of 
human life — there are so many terrible 
family situations — and the worth of 
simple human beings. The interaction 
with these people put my life as a stu- 
dent at Duke in perspective. I found 
that people without college or even high 
school educations are often very inter- 
esting and eager to share their ideas." 

In spite of the enthusiasm of service- 
minded students, from a student body 
of some 7,000 only about 200 are ac- 
tively participating in Y programs. 
Many, of course, find outlets for com- 
munity service in other organizations 
and nearly all have a part in the finan- 
cial support of various community proj- 
ects through living group and sorority 
and fraternity donations. Active phi- 
lanthropic projects, such as the annual 
visit to the Cerebral Palsy Hospital by 
Zeta Tau Alpha sorority or the Girl 
Scout Troop sponsored by Southgate 
dormitory, involve even more people. 
And one-shot annual service projects 
like the Interfraternity Council Help 
Week provide further opportunities for 
time-pressured students to express their 
concern for Durham's problems. 

Even with all these activities, many 
feel, with Jim Riley, co-chairman of the 
Community Concerns Committee, that 
the number of students involved in 
community service is "pathetically small. 
Students are fickle. It's hard to keep 
sustained interest." And students like 
Patsy Davis, vivacious junior from 
Winston-Salem, North Carolina, regret- 
fully agree but offer an explanation, 
"I've been relatively uninvolved in per- 
sonal community service for my two- 
and-a-half years at Duke. My life here 
is entirely campus-oriented. I have al- 
most no contact with the Durham com- 
munity because I don't have a car to 
get away from campus. Another factor 
is time. I have wanted to do some 
tutoring but haven't had any free after- 
noons. I do think there are plenty of 
outlets for community contact and ser- 
vice and I intend to start taking advan- 
tage of some of them." Patsy looked 
forward to working as an intern in the 
North Carolina Museum of Art later 
during second semester. 

The tempting Ivory Tower atmo- 
sphere of a university — the ease of slip- 
ping into an oblivious routine — is the 
consideration that usually provokes ac- 

cusations of student apathy. At least 
one Duke student resents the use of 
that term. Pam Henderson insists that 
calling students apathetic "is placing 
emphasis where it doesn't belong. I 
think the main problem is education. 
Many Duke students have adopted their 
parents' world-view so they can easily 
repeat cliches like 'if people are poor, 
it's because they're lazy.' As long as 
you can explain a situation, there's no 
need to confront it." And J. R. High 
agrees: "Many students, rather than 
being apathetic, are unaware. Usually 
if they know about a situation, they take 

But even those most deeply con- 
cerned with student unawareness are 
encouraged by signs that student in- 
terest in the Durham community is 
growing. Peggy O'Reilly, former co- 
chairman of Community Concerns 
Committee and now YWCA president, is 
optimistic, "It has become a little more 
accepted to feel and express a responsi- 
bility for city problems." 

This new acceptability may well be 
an important result of the spring, 1968, 
Vigil which involved, in Pam Hender- 
son's view, "so many clean-cut people 
you'd never have expected to be in any 
kind of protest. Those 1,500 students 
represented a real cross section of the 
student body. Every type and persua- 
sion of student had a best friend sleep- 
ing on the Quad; you had to face the 
situation. The Vigil was good in that 
it caused a confrontation for kids who'd 
never had one." 

More tangible and direct results of 
the Vigil were large donations from 
campus organizations. East Campus 
dormitories voted approximately $1,300 
for Edgemont Community Center; and 
IFC and Panhellenic Council gave 
money for specific uses (for example, 
Panhel money bought a stereo system 
and a television for the Edgemont Cen- 

With greater knowledge of urban 
problems is coming a new perception 
of the solutions for these problems. 
Students have very definite ideas about 
the role they have to play in commu- 
nity development and about the role 
of the University as an important eco- 
nomic and intellectual factor in the 
community. Jim Riley is pleased that 
the University is doing more than ever 
to alleviate poverty problems in Dur- 

ham, but he disagrees with some of the 
methods used. "For example," he 
points out, "last year the University 
wanted to open up facilities for kids 
from Edgemont. That sounds fine on 
the surface. But it's not the way to 
deal with basic problems. It would be 
better to divert some energy to helping 
build up facilities in poor black areas." 

Concepts in the area of individual 
development through tutoring programs 
are being revamped by the students 
themselves. "We're working on the 
idea now that black tutors should have 
black tutees and white tutors, white 
tutees. The tutee looks up to a college 
student who takes time to be his friend 
and he tries to model himself after his 
Big Brother (or Sister). To develop a 
positive self-image, the tutee must not 
be faced with the conflict of wishing 
he were something he is not — say, white, 
or black." 

No one can state the formula for 
stirring up latent activism in the hearts 
of students. But Tom Scrivener, among 
others, thinks there are certain obvious 
influences on the students of the sixties 
which have made this decade one of 
protest. One factor, he feels, is the 
great increase in exposure of problems 
today through the mass media. Duke's 
own growing awareness Tom attributes 
to the University's trend towards a more 
national character. "As more and more 
students from farther and farther away 
are admitted to Duke, every student's 
horizon is broadened." But Tom feels 
the most important factor is that "peo- 
ple in college now can afford to care 
in terms of time and money." 

The steering committee of the Duke 
drive for United Durham chose to build 
up interest for the drive by using a slo- 
gan coined somewhere on Madison 
Avenue. The slogan, in yellow letters 
on a black background, read, "Give a 
Damn." Many students do. 

Susan West, of Atlanta, Georgia, is a 
rising senior, majoring in English. This 
past year she was president of her so- 
rority, Kappa Alpha Theta, an Intern 
in Community Service with the Durham 
Morning Herald, and student feature 
writer for the University's Office of In- 
formation Services. Susan will continue 
writing for the University next year in 
prepartion for a career in public rela- 
tions or journalism. 



Merrill Ware 
Bob Creamer 
Donna Allen 

Merrill Ware is a rising sophomore in 
the Woman's College and a member of 
Kappa Phi Lambda. Reared in New 
York City, she moved with her family 
two years ago to Long Island. 

MERRILL did not come to 
Duke to be "a grind," she 
explained, adding that she 
"was a grind in high 
school" and that that was enough. She 
is unusually self-possessed and has a 
curiosity that takes the form of an in- 
fectious vivaciousness. She came to 
Duke to be exposed to as wide an expe- 
rience as possible — "to open my eyes 
a little bit" — for she feels that living in 
the Northeast has been an insulating ex- 
perience. She is enthusiastic just about 
being in the South and in Durham at 
this moment in time when both seem 
to be confronting their conservatism. 
"It's all a matter of exposure," she said. 

"That's been one of the really exciting 
things for me at Duke — just being ex- 
posed to everything." 

Much of this exposure has come out- 
side the classroom, for she expressed a 
disappointment in many of her classes. 
"The approach to education is sort of a 
passive one," she said, and she had 
not expected this in a university. Her 
background, the Ethel Walker School, 
"was better than this," better than pro- 
fessors "sort of throwing things out to 
you" and expecting one to throw them 

Off campus, Merrill tutored a thir- 
teen-year-old white girl, and this expe- 
rience, she feels, was "really rewarding," 
the fact that she was able to commu- 
nicate with this girl from a poor south- 
ern family. "We really didn't do much 
academically," she said. But they did ex- 
pose each other to different viewpoints. 

In the tutoring program, the tutor 

goes to the home of the tutee, and Mer- 
rill feels that it is "easier to relate to 
someone when you see their environ- 
ment." Last summer she tutored in 
Hartford, Connecticut, in a situation 
where the tutees were brought to a cen- 
tral location to the tutors. "It was easy 
to forget just where they were from," 
she said. 

When the mother of her tutee de- 
clared her intention to vote for Wallace 
last November, Merrill asked why. The 
mother attributed the intention to the 
preacher at her church, whereupon 
Merrill decided to attend a revival to 
see for herself what influence the man 
was wielding. The experience was one 
which contributed to her belief that the 
relationship between Duke and Durham 
is not a particularly good one. 

"A lot of people in Durham want 
Duke to remain apart from the com- 
munity," she said. And although she 


believes that the role of the University 
in the community "should be to pull the 
community forward." she feels that 
many people would resent such at- 
tempts. "It's easy to say what the role 
should be," she said, and then added 
that "idealism has to be tempered by 

Merrill began at Duke with the idea 
of majoring in music, for she is particu- 
larly interested in the use of music ther- 
apy in work with emotionally disturbed 
children. She feels now, however, that 
she might major in history and minor in 

When asked about her opinions on 
University issues outside those of the 
classroom, Merrill observed that such 
opinions would be influenced to a great 
extent by her background. "I came from 
a boarding school where we weren't 
allowed to drive in a car with a boy 
under twenty-six," she laughed. (Such 
regulations, she added, are unrealistic 
and are contributing to the obsolescence 
of this type of school.) As a result 
she has been accustomed to restrictions; 
and although she feels that she accepted 
them too easily, she said that she "al- 
ways felt it was easier to accept them 
and work constructively to change 

She feels, then, that the social regu- 
lations at Duke provide ample freedom, 
but she does not believe that the atmo- 
sphere at the University is permissive. 
Permissiveness, she pointed out, implies 
an attitude of "not caring." She has 
not found this to be true at Duke, where 
she believes the student is given both 
freedom and responsibility — not just 

Many students complain about the 
living system at Duke, but Merrill has 
found that dormitory life in Southgate 
"is satisfying." Still, she finds that the 
system does make it difficult for women 
to meet men "as friends rather than 
dates." She would be in favor of coed 
dormitories and mixed dining facilities. 

Merrill said that her most frustrating 
experience has been "seeking out the 
intellectual people — not just the smart 
ones, but the stimulating ones, both men 
and women. So many students, she 
said, are just "vegetables in the head." 
And she complained that it is difficult ^ 
at the dinner table to have her com- S 
panions talk about something other than 
"who they went out with last night." 


Merrill Ware 
Enthusiasm and exposure 

She qualified this type of criticism, 
however, by saying that "they'll talk 
about something else if you have enough 
interest and tact to spark them on to 
something else." Then she mentioned 
that in the Northeast a greater premium 
is placed upon sophistication and intel- 
ligence rather than upon femininity, 
whereas the reverse is true in the South, 
and that this shows its effects in south- 
ern girls who attempt outside the class- 
room to hide their intellectual ability. 

Although she feels that the role of stu- 
dent government is to serve as a liaison 
between students and administration, 
she believes that at present ASDU is 
out of touch with both these segments 
of the University. She feels, however, 
that the members of student govern- 
ment "are aware of this situation." But 
"there isn't that much concern by stu- 
dents about ASDU," she said. Yet she 
would participate in student government 
if given the opportunity. 

Merrill views the Chronicle with 
mixed feelings. She believes that any 
campus newspaper should make people 
confront issues, but she thinks the 
Chronicle is perhaps too extreme and 
negative. "The absolute negativism 
creates apathy," she said. She would 
like to see a more constructive approach 
to issues. 

Even though Merrill wants a broad 
experience from Duke, she does not in- 
clude sports as being important to her 
self-fulfillment. She said of football: 
"I don't really understand why they're 
all there watching that thing." Sports 
evidently provide a great release for 
some people, she said, but she does not 
share their "joy in it." 

During February, when a group of 
black students occupied Allen Building 
for one day, Merrill was away from 
the campus. As a result, she said that 
"it's hard for me to be objective." How- 
ever, she agreed with all the demands 
except three. These were a 29 per cent 
black enrollment and the request for 
financial assurance in regard to scholar- 
ship aid, both of which she was uncer- 
tain about. "I'm very much opposed to 
a black dorm," she said. "I think they 
can find their identity without separat- 
ism. Black Week was wonderful — 
helping educate us about them. But a 
black dorm won't be of any help to the 
rest of the campus." 

Although she said that she realized 
that "they felt that the constructive chan- 
nels had failed," she was not certain, if 
she had been on campus, whether or 
not she could have supported the occu- 
pation by being on West Campus in 
front of the doors to the building with 

other white students. "I have such 
mixed feelings," she said. 

In spite of February events, however, 
Merrill feels that it is "silly" for adults 
to think that the campus is filled with 
radicals. "The silent generation still 
exists," she said. "It goes on and on." 

Bob Creamer graduated in June with 
departmental honors in political science. 
A native of Shreveport, Louisiana, he 
was chairman of the Vigil Strategy 
Committee. He also was an associate 
editor of the Chronicle and chairman 
of the University Christian Movement 
on campus. Bob was an independent. 

A CTUALLY I applied to Duke 

/ % kind of casually." said Bob 

^^^L Creamer. Then he explained 

A m that his preferences at first 

had been inclined toward a number of 

small liberal arts colleges, but that 

Duke, after being touted by some of 

his friends, became more attractive. "It 

looked further away then than now," 

he said. 

Although he had no preconceptions 
of the University — "I didn't know ex- 
actly what to expect here" — he feels 
now, after four years, that Duke, in 
spite of an increased intellectual atmo- 
sphere, "has a lot of problems." For 
Bob, the primary problem areas are the 
living system, University involvement in 
the community, and University govern- 
ance. Nor is he totally uncritical of 

what he views as the increased intellec- 
tual atmosphere. "More students are 
concerned about issues I consider im- 
portant," he said, "but of course that's 
a value judgment. And although more 
students are more creative in terms of 
their intellectual life, most are still in- 
terested in maintaining the status quo." 

A new living system on campus, ac- 
cording to Bob. might help create a 
more intellectually creative student 
body. "We need non-selective hous- 
ing," he said. Under the present sys- 
tem, the individual has "no choice at 
all. The groups have the choice, not 
individuals." And the present system. 
he feels, fosters homogeneity and an 
interest in trivialities. He would do 
away with the co-ordinate college con- 
cept, all-freshman houses, and the se- 
lective process. The latter would in- 
clude ending the present fraternity sys- 
tem, which he feels is "unfortunate in 
a modern university." 

In addition to adding more resident 
faculty members in the dormitoric3. 
Bob's ideas for change primarily are 
concerned with offering the student a 
more diverse housing situation, one 


which does not operate toward his ex- 
clusion. He views coed dormitories as 
something "that'll be fine." He would 
like to see them on both campuses — as 
well as dormitories for only one sex. 

The second problem, that of commu- 
nity involvement, is one which the Uni- 
versity cannot disclaim. "The Univer- 
sity is always involved," he said. "The 
question is how it's involved." And he 
pointed out that at present the principal 
involverent is financial. He feels that 
in this regard the University has not 
used its purchasing power to the extent 
that it should in the black community. 
Black merchants and black banks should 
be acl'v-ely supported, he said. 

Also, Bob feels that "University in- 
vestments are governed by returns rather 
than by ethical criteria." He feels that 
the latter should assume a greater im- 
portance in the financial affairs of the 
University. In this manner, and in a 
changing attitude on the part of the 
administration, the University would be 
led into taking a more active role in 
promoting changes within the commu- 

But "a lot of these things will not 
happen as long as we have a University 
structure like it is," he said. He also 
admits that the "majority of students are 
apathetic toward the community" al- 
though the degree of student involve- 
ment and political awareness has in- 

Bob would use the curriculum to in- 
volve a larger number of students in 
the community. And he would revise 
the system of University government in 
order to accomplish the same end for 
the institution. "We have to govern 
ourselves in a more democratic man- 
ner," he said. This could take the form 
of a University senate, he believes, or 
any system that gave students a voice 
in "things that directly affect them." 
The proportion of student representa- 
tion in policy-making, he said, should 
be determined by the degree to which 
a specific policy concerns them. And 
he feels that there is very little that 
does not in some degree affect students. 

Although he feels that the adminis- 
tration "probably hears a fairly decent 
cross section of student opinion through 
the Student - Faculty - Administration 
Council," he believes that this opinion 
is generally ignored. Nor does student 
government as it is presently constituted 


Bob Creamer 

Advocating people instead of profits 

offer students a voice in University gov- 
ernment. It has "no power," and serves 
primarily to give students "an oppor- 
tunity to participate in trivia." 

In addition to changes in University 
government, Bob believes that "signifi- 
cant changes" have to be made in so- 
ciety at large, particularly in the eco- 
nomic and political structures. The 
private sector of the economy, he 
maintains, cannot solve such problems 
as pollution and mass transit systems. 
He also pointed out that "the thing that's 
profitable is not necessarily the best 
thing for the country." He advocates 
"people not profits," and would there- 
fore change the value system to place 
greater emphasis on "the dignity of 
man." He advocates such concepts as 
a minimum income, national health in- 
surance, and the governmental regula- 
tion of profits — an economic system 
which should contribute to the upward 
mobility of all people. Also, the politi- 
cal system should be changed so that it 
is no longer true that "a few people 
have a lot of the power and a lot of the 
people have very little." 

On other subjects about which he 
was questioned. Bob was equally out- 
spoken. "I like good athletics and so 
on," he said, "and it's a nice thing to 
have around." But the problem, he 
feels, is one of educational priorities; 
if DUAA cannot support itself, then 
he believes that the University "may 
have to de-emphasize." 

A member of the Student Liberation 
Front and one who supported the black 
demands in February, Bob observed 
that black students at Duke "are not 
accepted as persons very often." The 
"black students . . . keep together a 
great deal" and are concerned now with 
"black identity." They do not want to 
assimilate into the white society, he 

As for the generation conflict, Bob 
believes that this can be attributed to 
the "different world views" of the young 
and the old, and that one of the most 
different of these views is the differing 
attitudes of the young and the old to- 
ward money. The young, having be- 
come accustomed to affluence, attach 
less importance to money, he feels. 
Their concerns are primarily social and 
moral. And these concerns underlie 
today's student unrest. "We aren't out 
just to raise hell," he said.- 

Donna M. Allen, of Elizabeth City, 
North Carolina, is a rising junior in the 
School of Nursing. She is the first black 
student to have been admitted to that 
School and also is the first of her race 
to have pledged a sorority (Pi Beta Phi) 
at Duke. 

DONNA approached Duke 
with an attitude of caution 
bred by experience. She 
explained: "We had two 
high schools in Elizabeth City — a black 
high school and a white high school. 
They decided to integrate the white high 
school when I was a sophomore . . . , 
and we got poor treatment for about 
three years. Of approximately fifty 


black students who composed tne origi- 
nal group that integrated the school, 
only five endured. One of these was 
Donna; another was her sister; a third 
was one of her cousins. She was think- 
ing of those years, she said, when she 
came to Duke. "If it was going to 
offer me the same treatment my high 
school had been offering, I knew I 
could always drop out and go some 
place else. ... I was testing for a 
month or so." 

Hanes House passed. "It's a very 
close-knit group," said Donna. "It 
doesn't make any difference who you 
are or where you come from, everybody 
has one thing in common — nursing — 
and it's one group working toward one 
thing. Everybody fits in and it made 
me feel real close. I wouldn't leave." 

This singleness of purpose is absent 
on East Campus, and the result, insofar 
as integration is concerned, is, in Don- 
na's opinion, not the same. "On East 
Campus everybody is all spread out and 
there are different people doing different 
things," said Donna. "I gather the 
blacks all stick sort of together. As far 
as mingling is concerned, there's not 
much of that." And Donna added that 
"if I was having as rough a time as 
some of them [the blacks] say they're 
having. I would leave." 

The difficulties are produced by both 
races. Some whites are openly preju- 
diced, such as the girls on East who 
leave the dormitory bathrooms when a 
black student enters, or who close their 
doors when a black student is in the 
hall. This type of prejudice has created 
bitterness among the blacks, according 
to Donna, and has driven them to- 
gether. It has helped make some more 
militant. As a result, said Donna, some 
blacks on East now show "no considera- 
tion at all for white students." She 
mentioned an acquaintance who would 
leave the record player in her room 
turned to full volume whenever she was 
absent. In such instances, "you can tell 
they're [the whites] being disturbed, but 
because they won't stand up to them 
they just keep it up." 

Such behavior generates antagonisms 
that the blacks often call prejudice. 
"It's not that it may be prejudice," said 
Donna, "it's just that they call it preju- 
dice." And in other instances, the label 
of prejudice may be applied in misun- 
derstandings which result from cultural 


"I think it was easier for me," said 
Donna. "I've always been somewhere 
where it was integrated. But for the 
other kids who are used to one type of 
thing all the time — only black people 
around — when you come into a situa- 
tion where there's a majority of white 
people, and when you feel that they 
don't understand you because they don't 
do the things you've done all your life, 
then it makes it hard for you to accept 
them, and so you just tend to stick with 
your own. Instead of trying to reach 
out and grasp what the other kids are 
doing, they just tend to withdraw be- 
cause they aren't used to the situation. 
But in my situation, I've been used to 
it all along — you know, what white 
people do and how they act. And so 
I just came in and sort of mixed with 
no problems. But for some of the other 
kids who came from all black schools, 
they find it awfully hard to come in and 
understand what the other kids are 
doing — you know, that they mean no 
offense by what they do because they've 
done different things all their life." 

Some of these differences are eco- 
nomic in nature, for it has been the 
availability of money that has provided 
advantages for white students which 
have not been available to the black. The 
advantages are sometimes resented by 
the black — as well as the system which 
he feels contributed to the denial to him 
of these advantages — and this resent- 
ment can take the form of a defensive 
posturing in which the black advocates 
elements of his own background as be- 
ing "the best" — advocating these ele- 
ments qualitatively without acknowledg- 
ing that monetarily he had no choice at 

For the black male, the difficulties of 
functioning in a predominantly white 
society are compounded by his standing 
within his own race. "Most of the 
black families in my community are 
headed by females." said Donna. "The 
wife does everything. And so the male 
comes a'ong and he wants to take over 
because he's a male, period. He wants 
to do something to get the respect of 
the female. And so the girls here, well 
they know they can get out and do 
something, but the male has got to feel 
that he's got something to offer so that 
other people will look up to him and 
respect him — because he's had so little 

of it before." 

For many of the males, the struggle 
for status within their own race takes 
precedence over competing within a 
white society. Also, competition in 
the latter, in their view, has not been 
encouraged. "Most of the guys at 
home," said Donna, "are out in the 
streets all the time. It's not what they 
want to do but they just can't get any- 
where. A girl can always get a job . . . , 
whereas the guys can very seldom get 
anything; so they just roam around and 
that doesn't do anything but make them 
feel worse — they watch their sisters who 
can get everything and so they just feel 
they have to do something and the only 
way they can do it is to concentrate on 
their race. If they can do something 
to help out then the whole race is going 
to look up to them, which will fulfill 
their need, I guess." 

Her capacity to view both races with 
a certain detachment has not endeared 
Donna to members of her own race at 
Duke. During her freshman year, she 
participated in the Afro-American So- 
ciety. "When you first get here, you 
want to get in with members of your 
own race." But, she added, "I was 
about the only one in there that was 
telling everyone to let's try and get in 
with them instead of trying to make 
everything ours. You know, telling 
them to let's mingle. And I would get 
all sorts of antagonism and stuff." Now 
that she no longer participates, she is 
seldom "even spoken to very much any- 
more" by other black students. 

She does, however, share some of 
their goals within the University. She 
feels that "more black students instead 
of tokenism" might alleviate some of 
the problems faced by black students. 
She also believes that blacks should 
have someone within the administration 
"that they can identify with." And 
all students, she feels, should have a 
stronger voice in determining policies 
in the area of housing and social regu- 
lations, and even in the hiring and fi r ing 
of professors within the student's major 
area of study. But insofar as the sepa- 
ratism being advocated by many black 
students is concerned. Donna said that 
"because I'm getting along fine the way 
I am, I see no reason to change." Then 
she added, "You have to make a de- 
cision on your own." 

It's not an easy decision. 


Donna Allen 
A hard situation for the middle-roader 


The Revolution and Reform of the Campus Gadfly 

Alan Ray 
"Duke must become an open community" 

THE CHRONICLE has changed since 
it was founded in 1905 as an outgrowth 
of the two literary-debating societies of 
Trinity College; but in the past decade 
the changes are not as monumental as 
either its critics or advocates would like 
to believe. Since the late 50's and up 
to the present, the changes have been 
primarily in tone and frequency. And 
probably never during this period has 
the paper consistently expressed the 
majority view of the community it 

The changes may seem more severe 
to the paper's critics because of the na- 
ture of the changes themselves. When 
the paper was issued two or three times 
a week, the criticized were able at least 
to relax between attacks. Also, the 

criticism was usually couched in polite 
terms, employing a hortatary, occa- 
sionally euphemistic tone. 

In 1961 the Chronicle, "The Tower 
of Campus Thought and Action," 
greeted incoming freshmen with an 
eight-page welcoming issue filled with 
stories about orientation, the number of 
freshmen and their scholarships, and 
University personalities. The lead story, 
headlined "New Code Aims at More 
Freshman Responsibility," discussed the 
MSGA-initiated self-government pro- 
gram for freshman men which was "a 
formalization of a long-standing Univer- 
sity tradition" which was "designed ul- 
timately for the more acute develop- 
ment of gentlemanly conduct." 

In 1968 the class of 72 was also 

greeted with an orientation issue. Ac- 
cording to the Chronicle headlines, 
"1,300 freshmen arrive, picked 'to con- 
tribute.' " The goal of the Y-Fac pro- 
gram was "Getting 72 involved" and 
the chairman was quoted as saying he 
saw the Y-program "as a Duke Vista 
or Peace Corps," one step toward 
changing the University into a school 
with a better living and learning atmo- 

The editorial "Time to begin" told the 
freshmen that only a part of what they 
learn would be found in the classrooms 
and the library. They were told that 
"the other part of your University ex- 
perience is going to be that which makes 
you learn to ask questions." The stu- 
dents must learn to be critical: 


Criticism of the University is not and 
must not be a rejection of 'what you came 
to college for,' as your parents may lec- 
ture you in the months ahead. It is, if 
done in a spirit which embraces all that 
the University can be, the highest tribute. 

And associate editor Mark Pinsky, 
whose name causes apoplexy in some 
circles, in "the pinsky commission re- 
port on freshmen" wrote: 

"During the four years you are here 
your politics will like move, as Ray Mungo 
used to say, 'a zillion degrees to the left 
of wherever you were when you got here.' 
You'll make love and maybe be fortunate 
enough to fall into it at the same or other 
times. The malcontents, the neo-conform- 
ists and those with a little bit of soul may 
even let their hair grow and discover the 
gently (sic) joys of pot." 

In addition to some useful informa- 
tion about the practical problems of 
being freshmen, the Chronicle informed 
the newcomers about the Black Boycott 
against Durham merchants; gave them 
a lengthy history of student protest; a 
feature on the history of the "non- 
academic employee's struggle"; a fea- 
ture on Dr. Knight; student union pro- 
grams for the year; and a 'news analysis' 
that said the "housing system begs for 

All pretty powerful stuff for fresh- 
men. The Chronicles of earlier days 
had waited until the traumas of orien- 
tation were past before beginning a great 
awakening. Despite the fact that many 
believed in the ideal that every student 
was a Duke Gentleman or a Duke 
Duchess, there were discordant notes in 
the Chronicle of 1961. Ed Rickards, 
then a reporter who was to become edi- 
tor, continuously made his way into 
closed-door topics. 

The Chronicle gave ample coverage 
and its support eight years ago to four 
student leaders who formed a Liberal 
Action Group whose discussion and ac- 
tion goals were: "the relationship be- 
tween students and the university, espe- 
cially the control the University should 
have over off-campus actions; racial 
integration with emphasis on Durham; 
and civil liberties, including academic 
freedom and the abolition of the House 
Un-American Activities Committee." 

The Chronicle expressed its criticism 
of MSGA's refusal to charter the Uni- 
versity's chapter of the NAACP, of 
fraternity men's low averages, of "the 
relatively small part which sororities 
play on this campus," of an adminis- 
trators's censorship of a book review 

of Tropic of Capricorn, of the prohibi- 
tion of chowmen. 

Ed Rickards, writing about the de- 
cision to end the chowmen, sounded 
prophetically like editors who were to 
follow him in his plea for student par- 
ticipation in decision-making: 

(the administration's) unilateral action 
comes within the context of the so-called 
'new day' in student government, when 
students are trying to assume more respon- 
sibility and authority for the regulation of 
their own affairs. 

The Chronicle could praise however, 
as they did for the way change was 
brought about by the student govern- 
ment and administration in allowing 
alcohol at approved, organized social 
functions off campus. And in these 
years it was never flip, speaking with 
a reasonable voice, liberal but coun- 
seling moderation. Its coverage was 
95 per cent campus-oriented, focusing 
in equal parts on fraternity-sorority ac- 
tivities, student union attractions, and 
student government. In issues of a 
semi-controversial nature, the Chronicle 
made a concentrated effort to publish 
columns representing both sides, such as 
pro and con the Peace Corps. Letters 
to the editor rarely disputed with the 
editorial policy of the paper, but rather 
challenged other letter writers or 
"griped" at small matters. 

By 1965, when Libby Falk was edi- 
tor, the paper's tone had changed. 
There were many tongue-in-cheek 
(slightly satirical) features and columns, 
and an editorial policy which vacillated 
between the trivial and the consequen- 
tial. The Chronicle editorialized against 
North Carolina's Speaker Ban Law and 
at the same time, the rising cost of 
iced tea in the dining halls. The dis- 
criminatory clauses in fraternities and 
sororities came under fire, and "the 
situation of non-academic employees" 
at Duke was described as "deplorable." 
They lent their support to open-opens 
in the fraternity sections (none had 
been held for two years) , to lowering 
the voting age to 18, to the 12-point 
(plus-minus) grading system, to a de- 
ferred system of sorority rush. Student 
government was a farce, and Hell-Week 
should be abolished, and the proposed 
plan to build the Fine Arts Center on 
East should be stopped. In 1965 the 
Chronicle supported the Vietnam war, 
arguing against surrender — and at the 
time this probably was representative of 

campus sentiment. 

On May 3, 1966, when Dave Birk- 
head assumed the editorship, the Chron- 
icle underwent an immediate change in 
the scope and volume of its criticism. 
The 12-point grading system was no 
longer in favor, nor was the residential 
college system, nor the co-ordinate col- 
lege system. Woman's College social 
regulations, no drinking, a curfew, sign- 
ing out, were called "indefensible." 
University labor practices were attacked 
and the IFC's slowness on discrimina- 
tory clauses was "action overdue." The 
year ended with the "Buddy Tieger 
Case," in which unidentified university 
personnel allegedly had given out state- 
ments to FBI agents who were investi- 
gating the student's request for consci- 
entious objector status. The Chronicle 
demanded "a clarification of the Uni- 
versity's policy in regard to such policies 
and that the officials involved be held 
publicly accountable for what they say 
privately in such cases." 

The editor who was to succeed Dave 
Birkhead, Steve Johnston, called him 
the best journalist and the most unpre- 
dictable of the editors of the Chronicle. 
"He was dedicated and he'll leave his 
mark on the paper and maybe even the 
community because of his courage and 
resolve to make it three days a week, 
and more than a bulletin board. He 
did some fairly journalistically unethical 
things, but he made it a function of the 

During the fall semester of 1967, 
Steve adopted a more cautious continu- 
ation of Birkhead's policy. The four- 
page paper centered its coverage on the 
issues of the year, beginning with 
Bunny Small's resignation as president 
of Pan-Hell and the resulting pro-con 
sorority-fraternity flap, Vietnam pro- 
tests, teachins, student demonstrations 
against army, navy and Dow recruiters, 
student housing and social regulations, 
ASDU's first year of operation, and 
the dispute over segregated facilities. 

"I didn't push the idea of getting the 
paper out five days a week," Steve said. 
"I thought it needed time for new ideas, 
for developing the internal structure of 
the paper, for increasing the staff and 
developing an esprit de corps." 

Even a three-day-per-week paper is 
a time-consuming job, and academic 
difficulties caused Steve to voluntarily 
withdraw for a semester. 


In February the paper passed to Jim 
McCollough. A good journalist with 
a highly moral, critical conservatism 
geared to positive action within existing 
systems, he made two major contribu- 
tions to the Chronicle. 

In April he was confronted with the 
sit-in at University House, the Vigil, the 
strike by Local 77 and all the repercus- 
sions which were to fill most of the 
paper's space until the end of the year. 
He and his staff did an excellent and 
exhaustive job of coverage, and the 
special issue on the Vigil was the most 
complete account published on or off 

Second, according to Steve Johnston, 
McCollough "did an excellent job of 
keeping the paper going, of organizing 
the staff. He gave Alan time to lay his 

And under Alan Ray, the Chronicle, 
which has always prided itself on being 
in the student vanguard, intellectually 
and politically, undertook two revolu- 
tions first semester — one technological, 
the other ideological; and second se- 
mester it reformed. 

Alan, who was a senior psychology 
major from Greensboro, North Carolina, 
is soft-spoken, polite, good-looking — 
the type who makes favorable first im- 
pressions on those who swear either by 
The Conscience of a Conservative or 
Quotations from Chairman Mao. 

The first semester the Chronicle was 
consumed with physical adjustments to 
technical changes which the editors had 
sought. Publication was increased from 
three to five issues per week, Tuesday 
through Saturday, and the newspaper 
acquired its own composing equipment. 

Last spring the Publications Board 
approved the increased number of issues 
but the allocation of funds remained the 
same. It occurred to Alan and his as- 
sociates that by setting up their own 
composing shop with IBM type-setting 
equipment, headline machines, and a 
layout operation that they could bring 
costs within their reach. They hired 
two full-time persons to operate the 
equipment and two to handle paste-ups 
and layout. A printer in Mebane, 
North Carolina, was found who was 
willing to contract for paper and could 
shoot the final paste-ups for the press 
at 2 a.m. 

The Chronicle prints 7,000 issues, 
1,000 for off-campus circulation, about 

700 of which are paid alumni subscrip- 
tions. One issue is sent gratis to Presi- 
dent Nixon in the White House. 

The $75,000 budget ran a deficit of 
$1,300 for the first semester, despite the 
fact that advertising revenue was greater 
than all collected the previous year. 
The business staff, managed by Bruce 
Vance, made up most of the deficit dur- 
ing the spring by running classifieds, so- 
liciting ads from Chapel Hill and Ra- 
leigh, as well as Durham, increasing 
national advertising, and taking printing 
jobs from other parts of the University. 

In addition to making mechanical 
and financial improvements, Alan and 
his senior editors felt it necessary to 
structure the staff. 

The enlarged Chronicle reporting 
staff was efficiently organized into a 
system of eleven beats which, according 
to Alan, provided fuller and more accu- 
rate coverage. The "labor reporter" 
kept up with Local 77, the Duke Uni- 
versity Employee Relations Advisory 
Committee; the "policy reporter" with 
Academic Council committees, trustee 
decisions; the "development reporter" 
with fund raising. Other staff members 
were labeled reporters for West Deans, 
West Campus. East Campus, ASDU 
and academics. 

A third improvement in the strictly 
administrative revolution was the addi- 
tion of "middle management" into the 
newspaper's hierarchy. "The Chronicle 
used to be run entirely by the editor; 
we're almost a bureaucracy now," Alan 

All this reorganization. Alan feels, 
enabled the Chronicle staff to expand 
coverage "into academic fields, the 
graduate schools, the Medical School, 
and University development." 

Internal reorganization would not 
have been enough; but Alan was blessed 
with a number of extremely good 
writers, both intelligent and witty and 
very dedicated to their conception of a 
campus newspaper. They established ex- 
cellent lines of communication through- 
out the University, and they rarely 
missed a story they wanted. The staff 
took gleeful delight in scooping the 
University's Office of Information Ser- 
vices and criticizing its news operation. 
They thought of themselves as the best 
source of Duke news and their biggest 
coup of the year was alerting the na- 
tional news media and attracting them 

to the campus only hours after the black 
students occupied Allen Building. 

Also, for the first time the Chronicle 
made available in its eight- to twelve- 
page format, national and international 
news from the New York Times News 
Service, columnists such as James Res- 
ton, Tom Wicker, and Russell Baker, 
and Oliphant political cartoons. The 
wire services were gleaned primarily for 
stories which were or might become 
student concerns as well as national is- 
sues, with particular attention focused 
on other campuses, the Nixon adminis- 
tration, and the Vietnam War. A day 
of typical national and international 
news, April 29, gave the lead story to 
the Supreme Court's decision to rule 
upon the legality of the Selective Service 
drafting men who protested the war by 
returning their draft cards. The other 
most news-worthy events, according to 
Chronicle wire editors, were five cabinet 
members' discussion of campus disor- 
ders, Nixon's plan to reorganize the 
Model Cities Program, the Supreme 
Court's upholding of the loss of the 
voting right by inmates, a Harris poll of 
national reaction to the ABM system, 
and Harvard students' rejection of a new 
campus strike. International news dealt 
with fluctuations in foreign currency, 
the Irish Prime Minister's resignation, 
and the appointment of DeGaulle's in- 
terim successor. 

Daily coverage of campus cultural 
events was excellent in the Chron- 
icle. In addition to an entertainment 
calendar, each issue had three or four 
articles reviewing or publicizing art ex- 
hibits, concerts, plays, speakers. Stu- 
dent-Union-sponsored activities, and lo- 
cal movies. 

In sports coverage the Chronicle gave 
greater play to the minor sports — la- 
crosse, soccer, track, than to basketball 
and particularly football, indirectly 
demonstrating in their sports writing the 
editorial feelings that DUAA is a bete 
noir of consuming expense which should 
be placed lower in University priorities. 

But even with improvements the 
Chronicle was always under scrutiny by 
Alan. "It certainly wasn't perfect," he 
said. Because he was aware that many 
students felt no kinship with the Chron- 
icle, and that its worse fault, according 
to Alan, was its lack of representative- 
ness, the paper began in March sporad- 
ically carrying a woman's page, a living 


group page, William Buckley's column, 
and a crossword puzzle and a double 

Even with some journalistic flaws — 
poor photographs, an abundance of 
typos, and uninteresting layout — the 
technical-administrative revolution was 
a success. However, in addition to 
grappling with financial and mechanical 
problems, the Chronicle had to cope 
with a not entirely sympathetic Publi- 
cations Board, many of whom agreed 
with Alan that the Chronicle was "un- 
representative," but for different reasons. 

There was a mutual lack of distrust 
between the editors of the paper and a 
decided portion of the students, faculty, 
and administrators on board. 

The editors saw the Pub Board's func- 
tion as being purely that of a financial 
overseer. The board considers itself 
the legal publishers of the student news- 
paper and consequently the guardian 
not only of finances but also journalistic 

College newspapers across the coun- 
try this year generated controversies 
with their governing bodies — the focal 
point of the furor, and the most publi- 
cized, was the use of four-letter words 
in their publications. 

Before Christmas the printing of ob- 
scenities resulted in student-administra- 
tion conflicts on four campuses in the 
Big Ten — Purdue University, the Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, Michigan State 
University, and the University of Min- 

At Purdue the editor of The Purdue 
Exponent was threatened with dismissal 
after the newspaper published a poem 
that referred to perversions, and a col- 
umn in which an official was described 
in earthy terms. At the University of 
Wisconsin. The Daily Cardinal was 
criticized, particularly by regents and 
legislators, after it printed a wire ser- 
vice story from the College Press about 
a Students for a Democratic Society 
meeting in Boulder, Colorado. The 
newspaper responded to criticism and 
calls for dismissal of staff members with 
an editorial which quoted passages from 
Lady Chatterly's Lover and Ulysses. 

The Chronicle's participation in the 
national trend of uninhibited language 
(often referred to as the "filthy speech 
movement") was an early indication 
that there had been some radical 
changes in the editing of the paper. 

During the fall, several words, labeled 
obscene by critics, were used at various 
times in the newspaper, drawing criti- 
cism from all strata of its readership. 
One such expletive in a letter to the 
editor resulted in the Publications 
Board adopting a resolution prohibiting 
the paper from using profane or vulgar 
language except "when it is absolutely 
necessary in order to form an accurate 
judgment of an event." The Chronicle 
in turn found it absolutely necessary to 
repeat the word in reporting the action 
of the board. 

Jim McCollough. executive editor and 
the member of the Publications Board 
who introduced the resolution, labeled 
the furor over the four-letter word 
"childish" on the part of the Chronicle. 
but said, "I'm more interested in the 
fact that Alan has followed the Publi- 
cations Board policy since the issue 

To Alan Ray's reasoning. "Kill and 
hate" are the obscene words which 
should be printed with dashes. But 
Alan had other problems to contend 
with, and dirty words lost precedence 
to the rhetoric of revolution. 

The Duke Chronicle, no longer claim- 
ing to be the "tower of campus thought 
and action." but the student press of 
the University, is (depending on your 
viewpoint) a journalist's nightmare, a 
radical scandal sheet, or a prophet to 
be heeded. All its readers would agree, 
however, that this year it has surpassed 
its predecessors in a revolutionary vol- 
ume of coverage and vociferousness of 
criticism. No longer content with step- 
ping on toes, the Chronicle tromps the 
University with cleated boots, blithely 
castigating conservative trustees, secre- 
tive administrators, and recalcitrant stu- 
dents. Its philosophy is one of journal- 
istic license for the left and its causes — 
be they the symbolic growing of mous- 
taches or painting of walls, an "open 
community," student power, or the 
grievances of black students. 

It is the editorial content of the 
paper, which one student said "begins 
on page one." that has caused the great- 
est dissatisfaction with the Chronicle. 

According to editor Alan Ray, the 
purpose of the Chronicle is "to serve 
and criticize. It should give people a 
sense of belonging to the community, 
and at the same time hit their sensibili- 
ties, their consciences." 

During most of his tenure. Alan, al- 
though he worried about the Chronicle 
providing that "sense of belonging" and 
worked to remedy this, didn't care in 
the least if the Chronicle was unpopu- 
lar editorially. 

He conceived of the paper in psy- 
chological-sociological terms, hoping it 
would be the "conscience of the com- 
munity, independent of it. but respon- 
sive to it." 

"I want to challenge people to an 
intellectual and emotional experience. 
Most Duke students don't think: they 
have materialistic feelings." 

"We've rarely written anything com- 
plimentary. We feel so strongly about 
the things that are wrong and need to 
be corrected. I don't try to be effec- 
tive. Now. I see my main duty to 
print the truth as we see it — and it 
doesn't really matter if it hurts. Duke 
must become an open community and 
grow to be self-critical." 

The "wrong" things are decided upon 
by Alan and five members of the edi- 
torial board, who in theory approve 
each editorial two days before publica- 
tion. The major concerns Alan voiced 
at the end of first semester were the 
University and its relation to the mili- 
tary and industrial elements of society; 
racism in American society; the need 
for an open community within the Uni- 
versity as opposed to one of secret, 
closed decision-making by any single 
group; and the establishment of a 
Southern Studies Institute. 

Dave Shaffer, a junior from Rich- 
mond. Virginia, who was editorial chair- 
man, elaborated upon the philosophy of 
the paper and Alan's list of wrongs. A 
political science major with three years 
experience on the paper, he understand- 
ably views the Chronicle as a political 

"Duke has no radical leaders except 
the Chronicle — it's the only voice heard 
here." he said. 

"Our editorial policy is designed to 
shock people into thinking about issues. 
We realize that only a small percentage 
will agree with us. We had hoped that 
the Chronicle would become more re- 
spected, but it hasn't. The angry voice 
is the Chronicle's bent — and it brings 
a response." 

Dave explained the Chronicle's ex- 
treme editorial approach: "For a prob- 
lem we'll advocate C while hoping 


for 'B,' which would be the more real- 
istic approach. However, if we'd ad- 
vocated 'B' we'd have only gotten 'A' 
or nothing at all." 

"Trying to figure out how to make 
anything happen around here is diffi- 
cult. The only thing we serve to do 
is keep the active minority informed 
and disposed to do something." 

Dave's list of wrongs included the 
faculty, which he sees as having a 
"self-centered view, more interested in 
research than teaching"; questionable 
financial priorities in the University, 
specifically DUAA and research alloca- 
tions to those who do no teaching; 
ROTC and AROD; and the black stu- 
dents' relation to the University." 

Dave, and editorials in the Chronicle, 
have contended that "integration is not 
being carried off — not out of malice, 
but because of the attitude, 'just let 
them come be educated, grow up and 
get wealthy.' Most Duke students, he 
said, are nice racists, trying conscien- 
tiously not to be. Give the blacks 
something over which they can have 
absolute control — like a program in 
black studies," Dave said a month be- 
fore the students occupied Allen 

About the Reserve Officer Training 
Corps on campus (which in May be- 
came briefly the issue for the Student 
Liberation Front), Dave said, "It's an 
academic thing — you get credit for 
marching in a field. It should be taken 
off campus. The only legitimate excuse 
for it is that ROTC provides a financial 
way for boys to get through college." 

Jim McCollough, who ran the Chron- 
icle during the spring of 1968 and is 
the most conservative of the paper's 
hegemony, was asked to characterize 
his one issue per week editorial pages. 

"Well," he said, "You won't see any 
anti-Nixon edits on my days." 

But he shares many of the concerns 
of his colleagues, although with a more 
practical, less polemic approach. Jim 
wanted to follow closely the implemen- 
tation of Duke's new curriculum and 
investigate the University's commitment 
in the community — specifically such 
things as the "resources that the Uni- 
versity is misusing — its investment pol- 
icies, machines, students, brainpower, 
and time." 

He asks such questions as "why 
should Duke try to compete with N.C. 

State in the traditional engineering 
fields. Why shouldn't we develop fields 
like biomedical engineering where we 
could use our own unique resources?" 

Duke, he also feels, is well equipped 
and should take the lead in the areas of 
Afro-American studies and urban af- 

But conservatives of any ilk are rare 
on the Chronicle, and one editor's com- 
ment that the paper served as a "forum" 
for the University is taken by many to 
mean a forum only for those of radical 
to liberal persuasion. 

Dave Shaffer said it was a problem 
the staff had attempted to remedy. "I 
know how hard we've tried to get a wide 
range of columns — and we've had 
some." But, according to Dave, the 
conservatives don't find it too comfort- 
able in the Chronicle offices. "Most of 
those who work on the Chronicle treat 
it like a fraternity. There is a tight 
sense of institutional loyalty." 

News and feature articles displayed 
the editorial leanings of the paper. 
Their content was often slanted by omis- 
sion, either of entire events, or the op- 
posing viewpoint, by careless reporting 
and fact gathering or by lack of a fol- 

Two weeks of Chronicles (October 
25-31 and November 12-16) give a 
fairly accurate sampling of the infor- 
mation Duke students received the first 
semester. The Chronicle editorialized 
on "The Wallace Threat," "Equality" 
for black students at Duke, "Panthers 
and Yippies," and asked that Robert 
Kennedy's name be written in for Pres- 
ident. Open meetings of all policy- 
making committees in the University 
were requested. The Chronicle thought 
that no exams should be scheduled for 
January 20 so that students could at- 
tend the inauguration of President 
Nixon — to demonstrate. 

The annual Duke Symposium, "Ka- 
pow the Electric Media," was labeled 
"Kaflop," and the students charged with 
disrupting it were being used merely as 
a "test case" for the University's pickets 
and protests policy. Solidarity was 
asked against the Draft; moustaches and 
SFAC's policy of holding open meetings 
were praised. The living situation on 
West was criticized, especially for fresh- 
men. Signed columns reflected the 
campus dilemma over the presidential 
election: one attacked the "super lib- 

erals" and advocated voting for Hum- 
phrey. Mark Pinsky warned, "Hey 
Baby, Columbia is Comin' "; and Jim 
McCullough discussed the problems of 
participatory democracy, saying that 
students should not have power in the 
hiring-firing or tenuring of professors. 
A conservative columnist wrote in favor 
of private industry solving unemploy- 
ment, while Bob Creamer, head of the 
United Christian movement and an 
SLF member, explained the "illegit- 
imacy" of the pickets and protests pol- 
icy. Eldridge Cleaver's speeches and 
writings were reprinted, along with 
three student leaders' speeches to the 
Duke chapter of the AAUP, and Robert 
Kennedy's address after the assassination 
of Martin Luther King. 

Few would say that the Chronicle 
does not have some legitimate com- 
plaints beneath the rhetoric and po- 
lemic. But their criticism is extreme, 
and according to the editors, purpose- 
fully so. Their "solutions" to problems 
are also couched in catch-phrases and 
slogans of the Student Liberation Front, 
and often can be condensed into re- 
quests for student power — black and 

One of the worst examples of Chron- 
icle generalization and oversimplifica- 
tion of a complex problem was an edi- 
torial on January 10 entitled "Pigs." 
The editorial set out to explain "why is 
there so much anger in the land?" The 
answer, according to the Chronicle: 
hypocrisy — which the University per- 
petuates in "the great he of our time: 
the corporate or institutional cover-up." 
The implication was made that "pigs" 
described both Duke's administration 
and faculty: 

Most of the faculty are not better than 
the administration. The minutes of the 
Academic Council reflect the dehumaniza- 
tion that occurs when people become too 
reasonable, too civilized and too dedicated 
to the proposition that those who have 
prerogative should preserve it. The min- 
utes reveal an endless string of words of 
caution, discipline and other arrogant and 
civilized inanities interspersed with a few 
human comments. 

Many of the senior faculty, especially, 
and these members of the Academic Coun- 
cil particularly are senior faculty, have 
become too self-satisfied and have betrayed 
the ethic of their calling: to teach and to 
learn. They stopped learning long ago, 
but they continue to teach. They are too 
cautious to try any thin g not sanctioned by 
orthodoxy, too jealous of their positions 
to admit that their first priority is to be a 
human being. If they admitted these 


things, they could not possibly be as con- 
ventional and self-satisfied as they are. If 
they did they could not deny their role of 
social criticism. If they are the ones to 
pass on the wisdom to restore our hu- 
manity, as they respond to it themselves. 
There is no such thing as academic ob- 
jectivity. You cannot divorce the intellect 
and the emotions without ending up half 
a man. 

Or the editorial, "The Student as 
Robot," which appeared on February 4. 
It stated that the "purpose of this and 
any university is to produce socially 
acceptable units for our highly mecha- 
nized, thoroughly modernized, unbeliev- 
ably de-humanized military-industrial 
complex/mess of America." 

"The way to begin our struggle is to 
take over the universities and divorce them 
from the repressive society that surrounds 
us. The united liberated mass of students 
can then move to force the country as a 
whole to become restructured. 

.... Duke is as good a place as any 
to start the battle. Perhaps it's even better 
than most places as its moral corruption 
is so much more blatant and odious than 
is the corruption of those Northeastern 
schools that the administration is trying to 
prove that Duke is the counterpart of. We 
have rule by industralists. We have an 
oppressive administration which has its 
few attempts at humanity quashed by the 
industrial barons who consider the school 
one of their fiefs. We have ROTC and 
AROD. We have the "eagles" in the 
faculty, who view students as knowledge 
consumption units, ferreting out the sensi- 
tive professors through discrete but none 
the less conniving, methods. We have a 
student body with their brains ossified by 
their lifelong processing. 

The time has come to throw off our 
chains. Like Eldridge Cleaver says: "Hap- 
piness, by any means necessary." 

Then suddenly in February following 
the confusion-filled days of Afro-Ameri- 
can student demands, the occupation, 
police and tear gas. negotiations and 
community introspection, there ap- 
peared a reformed Chronicle. 

"There were two reasons for the 
change in editorial tone," said a weary- 
of-marching. tired-of-meetings. goaded- 
from-the-left and crucified-from-the- 
right Alan Ray. "First, this University 
seemed to be cracking up. and we didn't 
want to contribute to this. Second, 
things were being done, progress was 
being made by the administration, and 
had been made before. We just weren't 
informed about it." 

According to Mark Pinsky (whom 
Alan credits for his Bakunin-like influ- 
ence on campus and his invaluable 
writing), the Chronicle was threatened 
with being shut down by the Board of 
Trustees. The year-end issue, in an 

article about the trustees, said that the 
more conservative members "tried to 
suspend publication of the Chronicle 
during the March 7 meeting of the 
Board. They were defeated by a nar- 
row margin." 

Even if trustee pressure was felt, this 
alone did not cause the Chronicle re- 
form. February editorials following the 
black students' occupation of Allen 
Building marked the change. 

Although at all times the Chronicle 
supported the demands of black stu- 
dents, many of the staff, including Alan 
Ray, did not approve of the occupa- 
tion of Allen Building. 

On February 16 the Chronicle praised 
Dr. Knight's agreement to hold nego- 
tiations with the students "as the only 
sensible step." On the 18th they wrote 
"our crisis must be understood in a 
national context . . . Thus if confron- 
tation is to be avoided, we have only 
one course. Trustees, administrators 
and faculties must seek with students 
ways in which students can have an 
equal share in all aspects of university 
governance." They called for students 
in all the departments to form unions 
of majors "as the most promising 
method for students to get a piece of 
the action." They praised the end of 
the Black Boycott of Durham merchants 
and Dr. Knight's role in the settlement. 
"We hope that after months of recrimi- 
nation and pressure, both sides can now 
try to begin to understand each other 
in an atmosphere of reason and hope." 
And two days before the alleged trustee 
action the Chronicle praised the Aca- 
demic Council's decision to open its 
meetings to the entire University com- 
munity. They urged the Afro-Ameri- 
cans and the Budd committee to "keep 
talking" following a weekend retreat in 
which both sides issued conflicting ac- 
counts of the accomplishments and de- 
cisions reached: 

We hope that the Afro-Americans and 
the faculty will renew discussion now and 
keep talking until they can understand each 
other's special needs. The University is 
facing a period of sweeping change. Fear 
of the unknown and a lack of faith con- 
tribute to inflexibility on both sides. Only 
through an urgent and continued effort to 
understand can we prevent more polariza- 

The Chronicle's answer to 99 per cent 
of its own criticism of University ills 
was stated by it once again on March 6. 

Duke, according to the editorial, is "a 
community" composed of "disparate 
groups." Duke must have a system of 
government which emphasizes coopera- 
tion rather than individual prerogative 
and exclusiveness. To flourish, Duke 
needs a community government . . . 
[which] must come about gradually . . . 
rationally by studying and thus antici- 
pating the form it will take. 

The editorial which the Chronicle 
carried on February 28 demonstrated 
most clearly that the editors, or at least 
most of them, understood their disfavor 
with much of the community. The 
Chronicle, by operating first as a polit- 
ical force, and secondly as a newspaper, 
had sacrificed much of its effectiveness 
in both spheres. From the false edi- 
torial premise that rhetoric brings a 
greater response than reason, that over- 
statement and exaggeration can substi- 
tute for facts, it lost objectivity and 

The editors wrote: 

"We are afraid that the rhetoric of the 
radical movement on this campus is in 
danger of obscuring the substance of the 
criticisms which Duke so obviously needs. 
Committed and passionate people have an 
understandable tendency to verbalize their 
bitterness and frustration in such disillu- 
sioning times as recent weeks have been 
for us here; all of us must try to restrain 
this impulse, however natural it might be, 
in favor of better communication with 
those whom we must win to our side. 

We must first admit that the Chronicle 
has been sometimes guilty of these rhetori- 
cal impulses. We believe in our causes, 
and we are not backing down on stands 
taken in the past, but we recognize that too 
often our stridency has served more to 
antagonize than correct. And antagonism 
is not our goal. 

The Chronicle next year will be in 
the hands of Tom Campbell, a senior 
from Malvern, Pennsylvania. He has 
been groomed and tutored in the job; 
the editors selected him as Alan's suc- 
cessor months before the official Publi- 
cations Board election. The feeling 
among some staff members is that he is 
a unifying, moderate force and his 
newspaper will be closer to the reformed 
Chronicle than to the radical one. 

But with each new editor, a new 
Chronicle emerges. It is a function of 
time, issues, and the editor's concept of 
a newspaper. Whether the Chronicle 
next year will be one of revolution, or 
reform, or something entirely different, 
will not be known until it appears. 



Don Brodsky 

The essence of a liberal education is experiment and change 


Interviews: Don Brodsky / 
Pam Brown / Joan Logan 
Larry Partham 

Don Brodsky, of Houston, Texas, is a 
rising senior in Trinity College. A his- 
tory major, he has been active in student 
government, serving last year as co- 
chairman of the Teacher Course Eval- 
uation. He is an independent. 


- " '"**■ UKE, to my mind, repre- 
sents just a beautiful cross 
| section of America," said 
Don Brodsky. "If you 
were going to take what America repre- 
sents, Duke has got a radical group, 
it's got a large group of people who are 
interested in things but aren't all acti- 
vists, it's got a small group of arch 
conservatives. . . . It's got groups in- 
terested in art and music, but they're 
not large. It's, I think, a good cross 
composition." Yet the University, for 
Don, is "not as exciting as I had ex- 
pected it to be." 

Although he found it difficult to ex- 
plain this lack of excitement, he pointed 
out that one's expectations are always 
"a lot higher than the reality." He 
also feels that the atmosphere of the 
University is determined by its com- 
munity environment and the student 
body. And even though he feels the 
student body is diverse, he believes, too, 

that it is basically "timid" — which re- 
fers to the title of an article that Sports 
Illustrated did about the University a 
little over a year ago. "I think with the 
Vigil there was a lot of thought that, 
look. Duke isn't as quiet as it appears 
and that we have our own activism 
here," said Don. "I would generally 
say that that's a misconception." 

Nor is his view of Durham totally neg- 
ative. "I've seen a couple of things here 
that I think are advantages that you get 
nowhere else. If you look at Durham's 
political structure, you can really see 
the thing working along. ... In a city 
like New York you can't see it. it's too 
much of a bureaucracy." 

However, Don prefers to live on cam- 
pus rather than off campus in the com- 
munity. "I personally prefer a dormi- 
tory," he said, "because there are so 
many people available to you. You've 
got 100 people you can always mix with, 
talk with, get ideas from, and that's 
good. . . . But there's a real restriction 
to it that's bad . . . ," he added. And 
here he echoed the suggestion made by 
other students: "One of my big ideas 
is that I honestly think coeducational 
living would be a tremendous advan- 
tage. ... A lot of things have always 

been segregated sexually all your life 
and its always been sort of impractical 
because most people intend to go out 
and live with men and women in an 
integrated atmosphere. . . . Just living 
with guys is sort of restrictive and I 
think it's silly." 

Although he believes that the living 
system should be restructured, he feels 
that "total non-selectivity is impractical" 
in the dormitories. Yet if he were 
creating an ideal living system, he would 
not include fraternities. "But since 
you now have fraternities." he said, 
"and they'll be fighting to maintain their 
positions," the situation is different. He 
believes they will remain a part of the 
living situation in one form or another. 

His allusion to the intellectual and 
social exchange available to one living 
in a dormitory reflects his feeling that 
in a university "the most crucial thing 
is ideas and the people that you meet 
. . . , what you do, what you get ex- 
posed to, and if you really learn to 
think. I'm convinced a lot of people 
go through here and are never touched 
by a thinking experience." 

This failure is also the fault of the 
educational system, according to Don. 
"Unfortunately," he said, "the role of 


the student has become defined "to fol- 
low.' The fact that you're churning 
out leaders is the biggest fallacy I've 
ever heard of. You're turning out noth- 
ing but a bunch of followers. And this 
is not just Duke, this is the American 
educational system. You're not teach- 
ing people to think, to lead. . . . Stu- 
dents never make an active decision. 
It's always passive. They have a num- 
ber of opportunities presented to them 
and they pick the one they want. Col- 
lege ought to be the place where they 
develop the active leadership potential 
in a person." 

"The whole essence of a liberal arts 
education," said Don, should be "experi- 
ment and change. There's no such 
thing as conservative arts — which may 
be upsetting to some alumni." 

Don, who characterizes himself as a 
moderate-liberal in campus politics, said 
that "a lot of people expect ASDU to 
be busy doing things all the time and 
they don't. It's like a legislative body — - 
when a crisis arises they're there to 
take care of it. but they can't be out 
spinning their wheels twenty-four hours 
a day. Now for those functions they 
are to fulfill, I think they've done a real 
good job this year." These functions, 
he feels, primarily involve providing an 
interchange between faculty, adminis- 
tration, and students. 

As for whether or not the adminis- 
tration hears the voice of the student 
majority through their elected leaders. 
Don said, "It's just the same as with 
any government. The leaders are al- 
ways going to have their personal points 
of view and it's going to come out. 
They try and represent what they think 
the opinion is, but if they have to make 
a choice it's their personal opinion that 
emerges. . . ." 

On the issue of social regulations. 
Don feels that many such regulations 
are antiquated. "You're supposedly 
adults but you're not treated as adults," 
he said. "I think we ought to be treated 
that way. I mean we're twenty or 
twenty-one year olds and marriage 
looms for a lot of people, and if they 
aren't old enough to control their own 
lives then it's time that they learned 
how to, to take their own responsibility 
for their acts. . . . We're old enough 
to accept that responsibility, I think, so 
we ought to be given it." 


Pam Brown, of New Canaan, Connecti- 
cut, was a June graduate. An English 
major, she was active in her sorority 
and has devoted considerable time, since 
her sophomore year, to Hoof 'n' Horn. 

HOOF 'n' Horn," laughed 
Pam. "is probably the great- 
est establishment at this 
University." Although re- 
hearsal schedules for this student or- 
ganization took away many hours of 
study time, she feels that it was one of 
the most beneficial aspects of her Uni- 
versity career in terms of the personal 
relationships it provided and in the re- 
lief it gave from the grind of academics. 
And that grind is one of her chief com- 

There is "too much pressure here 
academically," she said. "Some of it is 
real high school." She feels that the 
emphasis on daily preparation in many 
courses is unnecessary, that the routine 
of constant testing, drilling, and lectur- 
ing reflects dull teaching methods. "It's 
almost like they think you don't have 
any self-initiative," she said. 

Although the routine, she feels, is 
more the fault of individual professors 
rather than the curriculum, she believes 
that the new curriculum will improve 
the situation by encouraging more in- 
dependent study. 

Pam was enthusiastic about her so- 
rority involvement, but she admitted 
that there was "a lot of varied opinion 
among sorority girls about the worth 
of sororities." She feels that "the main 
advantage has been getting to know 
other people in more than a superficial 

Approximately 50 per cent of the 
girls on East are sorority members — 
a high figure, according to Pam, for an 
institution such as Duke. Nevertheless, 
"it's just kind of a generally accepted 
thing on campus that the administration 
is against sororities and fraternities." 

Pam feels very strongly that sorori- 
ties should have a building of their own 
on campus — and perhaps even their 
own houses for dining and meeting pur- 
poses. She also feels that second se- 
mester rush, inaugurated last year, is 
"very bad," for it limits the interrela- 
tionship between freshmen and upper- 
classmen during first semester. 

In viewing the social situation, Pam 
repeated a criticism heard from many 
students: "It's too bad there isn't some 
way boys and girls can meet each other 
easier." She felt that the living struc- 
ture should be changed so that half the 
men are one East and half the women 
on West. 

As for social regulations, she feels 
that students have taken the changes 
"in stride" by accepting their new re- 
sponsibility. "People aren't that inter- 
ested in taking advantage of the rules," 
she said. She mentioned specifically 
the regulation which allows women to 
drink in the dormitory — and the re- 
sultant outcry from many alumni about 
this change. "Nobody has time to 
drink all the time," she laughed. 

Just as alumni are most aware of a 
vocal student minority, students are 

Pam Brown 

An awful lot of good things about this place 

most aware of a vocal alumni minority. 
And the latter is usually very conserva- 
tive. "I think it's kind of frightening 
the way Duke alumni have reacted to 
some of the things going on," she said. 
"They seem really negative about 

She also feels that Durham has a 
negative attitude about Duke and that 
the same attitude exists among students 
about Durham. Durham is "not a good 
college town," she said. And she be- 
lieves there is little involvement within 
the community by students. 

However, this lack of involvement is 
not necessarily a result of the commu- 
nity relationship, for she feels that 
"most students don't get involved in 
other things" outside the academic 
sphere of the University. It is diffi- 
cult, she said, "to give up time from 

In regard to academics, Pam said 
that she "would hate to see this place 
become so academically oriented that it 
gets rid of athletics. You really need 
that kind of thing" as a relief from the 
academic pressure, she said. She does 
feel, however, that Wade Stadium 
"should have a bigger student section." 
Another criticism that Pam has of 
the University is that it promotes the 
professions to too great an extent and 
does not place enough emphasis on at- 
tracting students with creative interests 
in art and music. She would like to see 
the University expand its offerings in 
these areas. 

In February, when the black students 
occupied Allen Building, Pam said, "I 
didn't agree with their taking over the 
building, but right now I don't agree 
with calling the police." She is in favor 
of a black studies program and a black 
advisor, but she questions the idea of 
a black dormitory, which she feels 
would "become like another college 
within the University." 

Although Pam is a northerner, her 
family is from the South, and "it was 
always accepted that I would come to 
a southern school," she said. She se- 
lected Duke because she wanted to at- 
tend a coed institution that "was not 
too large." 

"There are an awful lot of good 
things about this place," she said. And 
this, she believes, is one reason why 
many students have not joined the ranks 
of the more activist students. 


Joan Logan, of Teaneck, New Jersey, 
is a rising junior nurse, a cheerleader, 
and a member of Kappa Alpha Theta 

RED - HAIRED, brown - eyed 
Joan Logan has a cheerlead- 
er's enthusiasm for sports, her 
^sorority, the atmosphere of 
Hanes House; but her dedication is re- 
served for nursing. 

She participates in the student life 
of the University in the way which is 
common to many nursing students. Her 
extra-curricular activities are neces- 
sarily self-restricted because of nursing 
courses and hours in the hospital. And 
Joan, like some 250 other nurses living 
in Hanes and Hanes Annex, is isolated 
from the Woman's College students. 
"Transportation and time," Joan says, 
prohibit a nurse from being in on every- 

For Joan, however, the advantages 
quite mitigate the disadvantages. She 
expresses great satisfaction in living in 
Hanes House — far more than many stu- 
dents of the Woman's College express 
over living on East. According to Joan, 
there is a feeling of closeness, a unity, 
because all are committed toward a sin- 
gle professional goal, which they achieve 
through similar "doubts" and experi- 

The nurses have long had their own 
"living-learning corridor" in Hanes 
House, while the East campus coeds 
have only recently discovered the ad- 

vantages of living with those with a 
similar interest. 

Nurses, however, lead far from a 
cloistered life. For Joan there's the 
sorority and cheerleading. "I'm glad I 
joined a sorority. It gives me the con- 
tacts on East I otherwise wouldn't 
have," Joan said. 

"I hope I'll have time for cheerlead- 
ing next year," she said. "I was a 
cheerleader in high school and loved it 
and wanted to continue it here. It also 
makes me feel more a part of the 
school, like I'm doing something for 
Duke. And its different than in high 
school. So much of cheerleading at 
Duke is dance routines, which I love, 
since I had eight years of ballet." 

Joan sees athletics as being "a very 
important part of any school," although 
she admits "it seemed more important 
in high school." 

Her praise for the Nursing School is 
high: for Dean Myrtle Irene Brown, 
"who takes the time to get to know all 
the students and is interested in them," 
for the nursing instructors on hospital 
rotations, for the girls in Hanes House. 

She is not involved in student gov- 
ernment. "ASDU's decisions don't af- 
fect the majority of students," Joan 
feels. But she is impressed with the 
job done by the Nursing Student Gov- 
ernment Association. "They really do 
a great job, especially with the fresh- 
men. NSGA does things for the 
nurses — like publishing "Bows and 
Bows," a booklet for freshmen giving 

the history of Hanes House and the 
activities of the nurses, and an NSGA 
committee assisted in making most of 
the plans for the renovation of Hanes." 

Joan, who also applied to UNC at 
Chapel Hill and the University of Ver- 
mont, came to Duke because "of its 
good reputation as a nursing school." 

Some nursing students, Joan readily 
admitted, find that their commitment to 
the profession is not as deep as they 
had thought when they were candy- 

"We have a pretty high dropout rate. 
Once they get on the wards, some girls 
discover that nursing isn't what they 
expected and they get out. They trans- 
fer to the Woman's College or go to an- 
other school. My class has already lost 
about fifteen and I think we'll lose an- 
other five." 

It is anticipated by University of- 
ficials that when space is available nurs- 
ing students during their freshman and 
sophomore years will be housed in East 
Campus dorms, moving back to Hanes 
when their work in the hospital is most 

Joan has doubts as to whether this is 
a good idea. "If they move the nurses 
to East for their first two years, then I 
hope they let them live together. Other- 
wise you're likely to forget why you 
came here. If they aren't exposed to 
the upperclass women who are doing 
actual clinical nursing, they may lose 

She does think that the new nursing 
curriculum, which was implemented 
with the freshman class this year, will be 
an asset for entering students, possibly 
attracting more women to Duke. An 
added advantage, Joan says, is that with 
"the fewer number of hours needed to 
receive your B.S. and R.N. degrees, 
nurses won't have to spend two summers 
on the campus." 

Asked about her opinion of the black 
students' occupation of Allen Building, 
Joan's attitude was questioning. "I 
just don't know," she said. "The Afro- 
Americans did such a good job with 
Black Week. It made the students and 
the administration stop and take a bet- 
ter look at the black students on this 
campus ... If they just could have 
waited, perhaps . . . Now, I'm afraid 
the whole thing didn't prove too much." 


Joan Logan 
The new nursing curriculum will help 


Larry Partham was a political science 
major, a June graduate who describes 
himself as "an army brat" from An- 
chorage, Alaska. The son of a Duke 
alumna, Larry's Duke life was centered 
around sports events, air force ROTC, 
and Delta Sigma Phi fraternity, where 
he served as social and intramural chair- 

k THLETICS, both intramural 

/ % and intercollegiate, have been 

I m the pervading interest in his 

A life. Sports, according 

to Larry, attract students to Duke, and 

for him will be his main interest in Duke 

now that he's an alumnus. 

"As far as I'm concerned," Larry 
said, "the intercollegiate program is a 
big factor in drawing students to Duke. 
The final reason why I wanted to come 
here was Duke's good basketball teams. 
If you want kids to come and you want 
to draw alumni funds you have to have 
good sports. It's necessarily a big part 
of the University's programs." 

He had equal praise for the intra- 
mural program. "There's a tremendous 
interest among men in the intramural 
program. Like the September Playboy 
article said — the way to be a big stud 
at Duke was to be an intramural volley 
ball player." 

"Support for intramurals used to be 
only among fraternities. Within the last 
few years the independent houses have 

become active, and their participation 
is a good sign. This place gets pretty 
grim sometimes and you need a way to 
goof off — sports is one thing which 
keeps it going." 

But wide-spread enthusiasm from the 
student body for intercollegiate sports, 
Larry feels, is not all that it should be, 
with the exception of "basketball's tre- 
mendous support." 

"As for overall support of athletics, 
it's not particularly good. Nobody 
watches soccer or lacrosse games. Base- 
ball is nothing here — you're lucky to 
get a hundred people in the stands." 

And although Larry doesn't have a 
solution for drawing crowds, he does 
have a secret desire to do something for 
what he considers an athletically-neg- 
lected portion of the campus. 

"If I weren't going into the air force 
when I graduate, I'd like to come back 
to Duke and start an intramural pro- 
gram for women." 

Larry Partham has enjoyed being at 
Duke, but he thinks he would have been 
miserable if he had not gotten into a 

"I'm not a loner. Good independents 
are loners." Larry, a gregarious per- 
son, prefers the group life, the group 
activities. He enjoys living in a fra- 
ternity, and does not believe in total 
non-selectivity. "I like to pick the peo- 
ple I have to live with," he said. Larry, 
however, does feel that "there should 
be more opportunity for boys who don't 
want to be in the independent houses 
or in fraternities." "Because," he said, 
"independent houses these days — the 
active ones — are just like local fraterni- 
ties. I don't think there are enough un- 
structured dorms." 

As for other changes in the residen- 
tial patterns of the University, Larry 
feels "its unnatural" having separate 
campuses for men and women. "I don't 
think its the best system for preparing 
the individual to go out into the world 
where you are going to have women liv- 
ing next door to you. The world is not 
built with women on one side of the 
river and men on the other," he said. 

"The only thing that I can see that 
justifies the system is convenience — it's 
a whole lot easier to keep all your 
women on East and all your men on 
West because you have already got the 
two separate housing areas." 

Larry, who calls himself a "conserva- 
tive," is not so conservative in his pro- 
posal for alleviating the distance be- 
tween men and women Duke students. 
He would like to see coed housing 
based on a suite system within the dorms 
and local coed fraternities. 

Local fraternities (which do not in- 
clude plans for incorporating women 
into the rituals of the 'mystic goodies') 
are an often-mentioned possibility on 
the Duke campus, although only one 
national fraternity, Lambda Chi, which 
became Phi Gamma Tau, has gone 

According to Larry, it is a direction 
which more fraternities may take. 

"At Duke it is hard to justify being 
a national fraternity for the simple rea- 
son you're paying a lot of money into 
national with no return. Fraternities 
with houses pay to national with the 
idea of obtaining loans for improve- 
ments or building new houses. But at 
Duke we'll never have houses and for 
chapter room improvements we can bor- 
row cheaper from the University than 
from the national organization. So it 
all comes down to prestige. However, if 
Phi Gamma Tau has a good rush this 
year and proves that national affiliation 
is not necessary to attract freshman 
pledges, then I think you're going to 
have more fraternities considering the 
change." [The former Lambda Chi's 
did have a "good" rush, getting 20 
pledges. — Editor.] 

Duke University, Larry feels, "lived 
up to my expectations. The opportuni- 
ties were all there, even if I didn't al- 
ways take advantage of them." 

There are only a few changes he 
would make in the University. He is a 
very vocal advocate of allowing stu- 
dents to set their own social regulations. 
In fact he thinks this is "their one. 
legitimate concern," in addition to ad- 
ministering their own judicial system. 
The only changes he has seen from the 
relaxation of women's hours are "fewer 
first periods" and a later hour for bed 
on West. 

He views the University's student 
population as a caste system, with the 
"conservative, non-military student as 
the highest caste, ROTC students next, 
with radicals at the bottom of the lad- 
der, "and everyone laughs at them," 
he said. 


Also considered a laughing matter 
to Larry is the Chronicle, which "is so 
much farther left than the student body. 
It does not come close to representing 
what kids feel on this campus. ... It 
just fools alumni into believing that 
Duke has become a very radical uni- 

Larry also does not favor student 
government. "I guess I'm an arch con- 
servative in this area," he said. "I 
would love to see ASDU (Associated 

Students of Duke University) abolished, 
and in its place a committee of opinion 
established, similar to the Student-Fac- 
ulty-Administration Council and have 
students from each class elected to serve 
on it." He feels that ASDU. like the 
Chronicle, tends to attract the more 
activist students, and is therefore not 
representative of the majority opinion. 
Asked why he came to Duke from 
Anchorage, Alaska, Larry attributed the 
attraction first to sports, then to Duke's 

comparatively small size, and third to 
the reputation of the political scienre 
department. He applied to Duke on the 
early decision plan and was accepted. 
"'If they had turned me down, I would 
have been in trouble, but I was so con- 
ceited — with 1400 board scores, a 3.4 
average. National Merit Scholarship, 
National Honor Society, and letters in 
three sports. I figured if they didn't take 
me who would they take. I was really 
conceited in high school." 


Larry Partham 
Intramurals for women 


A Yesteryear 



at the Past and Present 

By Roy Newton '24 
Emeritus Professor of English 

/ was a freshman at Trinity College 
in 1920-21, after which I trans- 
ferred to Asbury College to complete 
the A.B. degree. Then followed grad- 
uate work at University of Kentucky 
and University of Michigan, and then 
forty-two years on the faculty of 
Ferris State College, formerly Ferris 
Institute, from which I retired in 
June 1968. 

Mr. Harry R. Jackson, editor of 
alumni publications at Duke, has 
asked me to write about my experi- 
ences at Trinity College and compare 
and contrast students of that year 
with those I encountered in my teach- 
ing career. 


.Y year at Trinity was the 
year of the big snow, the year Trinity 
began intercollegiate football (defeating 
Guilford, Emory, Lynchburg, and Elon, 
and tying Wofford zero to zero) , the 
year of the most brutal physical hazing 
of freshmen by sophomores, the year 
when most of the students were tech- 

nically expelled but immediately taken 
back as they apologized to Dean Wan- 
namaker, the year when middy blouses 
were the "in" uniforms for women 

To begin with, students of recent 
decades are taller, broader shouldered, 
and healthier than half a century ago. 
They can run and swim faster, jump 
higher and farther, perform better in 
all sports. Today's track records, for 
example, would have been unthinkable 
in 1920. 

Today's undergraduates are, in gen- 
eral, much more sophisticated and ex- 
perienced than my generation. They 
have traveled more. I wish I had kept 
record of the number of boys and girls 
in my classes in just the last five years 
who have been exchange students and 
lived in private homes in foreign coun- 
tries. Driving from Michigan to Florida 
over term breaks is routine. Summer 
trips to Hawaii and other exotic places 
are commonplace for many affluent 
families. Today's students have had 
more experiences, have acquired infi- 
nitely more extra-school education, have 
learned to do more different kinds of 
things than were possible for my gen- 

When I entered Trinity I had never 
used a library (our high school had 
none), hadn't any idea of how to draw 

out a book and was too shy to inquire, 
so never used the Trinity library. There 
were no assignments that required li- 
brary use. I had never seen a science 
laboratory or an indoor gymnasium or a 
football field. Our high school did not 
have any sort of sports program or phys- 
ical education classes; neither did it have 
band, orchestra, music instruction, glee 
club, debating, career counseling, a test- 
ing program, and the other develop- 
mental activities taken for granted to- 

So going to college was, for me, going 
into a completely new and utterly en- 
chanting world. I had classes from 
Messrs. Shirley Graves, W. T. Laprade, 
Charles B. Markham, Frederick Cow- 
per, Floyd Egan, and C. W. Edwards. 
I was sixteen years old, and they were 
gods from Olympus. 

O, wonder! 
How many goodly creatures are there 
How beauteous mankind is! O, brave new 
That has such people in't. 

I reveled in the pure joy of learning 
from learned men. I wrote down every- 
thing they said, including that gem from 
Professor Graves, still inscribed on a 
flyleaf of my Woolley's Handbook of 
Composition: "About one percent of 
the American people are educated; 


about five percent of the college grad- 
uates in America are educated." On 
another page I gave permanence to this 
Graves witticism: "College students are 
the laziest people on earth." 

I was entranced one day when Pro- 
fessor Laprade, trying to find a book 
in a bookcase in a poorly lighted part 
of our history classroom, started to sing 
aloud, "Lead kindly light, mid th' en- 
circling gloom," then blew dust from 
the top of the book as he took it out. 

I was so impressed with part of an 
address given by President William 
Preston Few that I framed it and kept 
it on the wall of my office for almost 
four decades: "The only two things I 
know that are worth while for a human 
being to live for are to live his life and 
do his work and hold his peace, and at 
the same time live in the beautiful hope 
of doing some permanent good upon 
this earth; and I wish that for all of us." 

One of the most significant differ- 
ences between students then and now is 
their attitudes toward faculty members. 
The day of hero worship is gone. There 
are no more gods from Olympus, no 
more goodly creatures, no more beau- 
teous mankind. While most students 
remain passive enough to get credit for 
the course, it is not uncommon for a 
student to challenge the teacher in that 
teacher's area of professional compe- 

tence; and much of the challenging is 
rude, riotous, and wrong. I should 
point out, however, that this particular 
occupational hazard has developed just 
in the past four or five years. 

When I was a boy, the typical parent 
would say, "I want my son to get an 
education." Now it is more likely to 
be, "I want my son to go to college." 
There is a world of significant difference 
in the implications of these two expres- 
sions. Our researches make it clear that 
there are many parental reasons for 
sending a boy (or girl) to college other 
than for the purpose of "getting an edu- 
cation": get him out of the house and 
off our backs, let the college assume the 
responsibility for his behavior (shades 
of in loco parentis!) , keep him out of 
the draft, have him get acquainted with 
people who can do him some good later, 
sending him to college is the "in" thing 
to do in our peer group. 

When the student comes to college 
today he is provided with a more lux- 
urious physical environment and more 
guidance and counseling and "orienta- 
tion" than ever before. When I got to 
Durham (traveling by train with a boy 
enrolled in old Trinity Park School), I 
did not know where the college was 
even when I got to the campus. I 
stayed with my friend in Park for two 
or three days, having no idea how to 

proceed, how to enroll, how to get a 
dormitory room, etc. None of this 
information was in the catalog; and we 
did not then have the plethora of bro- 
chures on registration, housing, regula- 
tions, course choosing, campus maps, 
etc., that are commonplace today. Nor 
were there any older students available 
to help us get oriented. Finally I saw 
a line of students near West Duke and 
got in at the end of it. As the line 
moved forward, I could hear a profes- 
sor talking to the student at the front 
of the line. When I got there and told 
him my name, he said, "Mr. Newton, 
you will room in 309 Aycock and you 
will take the following subjects : English, 
mathematics, gym, French, and phys- 
ics." I do not remember how I found 
these buildings and teachers, but I must 
have eventually done so, for I did take 
and pass all these courses. Three stu- 
dents named Newton were assigned to 
309 Aycock, and if I thought about it 
at all, I must have assumed that all 
colleges assign all Newtons to the same 
room. It was at least thirty years be- 
fore I learned that the other two were 
cousins and both of them were distant 
cousins of mine. 

Three men to a small room is still 
common practice in colleges that de- 
liberately over-enroll so that after the 
first month's attrition the number of 


proper places will equal the number of 
students. Other than this, however, the 
typical freshman enjoys a housing en- 
vironment of sybaritic opulence. His 
bathroom is adjacent to his room in the 
suite (not in the basement as in Ay- 
cock) ; he may have radio, television, 
and a telephone in his room; his dormi- 
tory may well have two elevators; it 
certainly has a large well-appointed 
lounge or living room; the college pro- 
vides a set of the world's finest ency- 
clopedias and the latest unabridged 
dictionary and sometimes several new 
typewriters for each dormitory; snow 
removal machinery clears his every path 
to wherever he wants to go on campus. 
Now, I do not think all these luxuries 
make him a better (or worse) person 
and scholar, and I do not begrudge 
his having them. If Aycock had been 
a bit less spartan, I would have enjoyed 
it, but its lack of luxuries in no way 
handicapped me in getting an educa- 
tion. Perhaps today's taxpayers and 
tuition payers would do well to re- 
assess cost versus values. 

I fully realize the dangers of sweep- 
ing generalizations concerning all per- 
sons of a given category, and I have 
tried to avoid blanket condemnation or 
praise in this article. It does seem to 
me, however, that we now have a larger 
percentage of freshmen than half a cen- 
tury ago who are poorly prepared for 
college in such basics as English usage, 
legible penmanship, mathematics fun- 
damentals, and reading skills. To one 
familiar with the history of education 
in America the cause is not hard to 
find. When I graduated from high 
school, just about the only people to do 
so were those planning to go to college. 
The typical high school curriculum was 
the "College Preparatory Course." No 
family or individual opprobrium was 
attached to quitting school in the fourth 
to tenth grade. 

Today, in spite of many exceptions, 
the national dream is of a high school 
diploma for every person, regardless 
of his intellectual limitations. In fact, 
our prostitution of the "democracy con- 
cept" has led some educationists to de- 
clare that all children are indeed equal 
intellectually. We feel that no child 
should drop out, and we have gradually 
accepted the practice of automatic pro- 
motion (though it has prettier names) ; 
this results in many students being 

pushed out at the top of the twelve- 
grade system with less learning than 
would have been expected for promo- 
tion from third to fourth grade a half 
century ago. I know. I have had some 
of them in my classes, all graduates of 
accredited high schools. Some could 
not spell the names of their home towns 
or of the college they were attending or 
write a simple sentence without error. 
A spot check of, say, twenty catalogs 
of public colleges and universities will 
show an amazing array of courses re- 
quired, without college credit, of enter- 
ing students who were, after all, not 
prepared for college. These are mostly 
classes in remedial reading, grade- 
school mathematics, and grade-school 
English, all covering subject matter tra- 
ditionally mastered in the second to 
fifth grades. 

It is beyond the province of this paper 
to discuss the most recent and most 
distressing phenomenon of the students 
who openly rebel against all authority 
with apparently no purpose to improve 
the college but simply to destroy it and 
destroy the American government. We 
are finding it hard to cope with the 
anomaly of an organized minority that 
demands the protection of a nation's 
laws and at the same time seeks that 
nation's destruction. We find it hard 
to believe that there are those who are 
not interested in redress of grievances, 
real or imagined, but who are deter- 
mined to make an end of the United 
States of America. I am happy to re- 
port that I have never encountered this 
type in the college where I was em- 
ployed; it seems to be indigenous to the 
larger multiversities. 

There are all kinds of activists on our 
campuses, some of them doing much 
good when their activities go in legal 
and proper channels. We had activists 
in 1920, also, but that word was not in 
our vocabulary. Early in this paper I 
mentioned the dismissal of most of the 
students at Trinity and their almost im- 
mediate reinstatement. World War I 
had just recently been concluded, and 
there were veteran students who thought 
that November 11 should become a 
kind of memorial day, at least a day 
with no classes. My memory is not 
sharp on all the details of this escapade, 
but as I recall, the veterans and their 
friends went through the dormitories 
demanding that we all absent ourselves 

from class on Armistice Day (which 
we pronounced with the accent on the 
second syllable) under threat of re- 
prisals. We freshman had been paddled 
many times for no reason at all, and we 
were reluctant to give the sophomores 
any real reason to continue the punish- 
ment. So we cut classes. And were 
technically dismissed, and taken back 
into the fold when we went individually 
to Dean Wannamaker's office and apol- 
ogized. The only other incident of an 
untoward nature that I recall was stu- 
dents pulling the street car trolleys off 
the power line, forcing the conductor 
to get out and replace the trolley. That 
was after one of the glorious football 

For a number of years at Ferris one 
of my assignments was to teach a course 
called Continuing Orientation, a one- 
credit course that met one hour a week 
for one term. It was designed to fa- 
miliarize the freshman more thoroughly 
with his college and its procedures, to 
assist him in solving his problems, and 
to, hopefully, neutralize the scuttlebutt 
he picked up in the college coffee shops. 
One of my lectures had to do with the 
causes of failure in college, and at the 
end of the lecture I pointed out that 
many students have difficulties because 
they do not comprehend the true pur- 
pose of college: "Colleges and univer- 
sities are not built and maintained so 
that young men and women can play 
football, basketball, or other games; so 
that they can join fraternities and sorori- 
ties; so that they can have dates, make 
love, seek a husband or wife; so that 
they can change the world while they 
are in college, join 'protest' groups, dic- 
tate to the administration how to run 
the college; so that they can go on beer 
parties or grassers. All of these things 
can be done without going to college; 
and, while some of them are pleasant, 
educational, developmental, and thrill- 
ing, no college would ever be built and 
operated for such purposes. College is 
a place where a young man or woman 
is given four years, or more, in which 
to absorb as much as he or she can of 
the knowledge, skills, and intellectual 
development of thousands of years of 

I am sure the students at Trinity in 
1920 would have agreed to all of this. 
I am not sure how much of it is rele- 
vant today. 



whose resignation submitted March 27 
became effective lune 30, has become 
division vice president for educational 
development of the Radio Corporation 
of America. 

Dr. Knight will supervise the RCA 
education systems staff in the corporate 
headquarters in New York City, and 
will be responsible for developing and 
maintaining RCA's relationship with 
professional educators and educational 
institutions. He will also advise on 
educational developments and trends, 
and their application to RCA's prod- 
ucts, materials, and services. 

Until a new president is named for 
the University, the Board of Trustees 
has named Barnes Woodhall, chancel- 
lor pro tern, Marcus Hobbs, provost, 
and Charles Huestis, vice president for 
business and finance, to oversee the 
affairs of the University. 

Dr. Knight was president of Law- 
rence University in Appleton, Wiscon- 
sin, for ten years before becoming 
president of Duke in 1963. 

During the nearly six years he served 
as president, the University has expe- 
rienced a period of greatly accelerated 
growth in terms of budget, new build- 
ings, and research and training. 

During the first five years of Dr. 
Knight's presidency more than $150 
million in gifts and grants from govern- 
ment and private sources came to the 
University — more than two and one 
half times the amount contributed to 
Duke during the previous five-year 
period. The impetus for the growth in 
the University's financial support was 
provided by Duke's Fifth Decade Pro- 
gram, a ten-year, $187 million fund- 
raising effort, launched in 1965. 

There have been other indicators of 
explosive growth at the University dur- 
ing the past five years. Not including 
construction, total expenditures rose 
from $24.3 million to $55.9 million 
annually. The University payroll alone 
reached $39.7 million last year. 

Not all of the changes at Duke Uni- 
versity during the period of Dr. Knight's 
presidency can be measured in statistics. 
For example, the School of Medicine, 
recently embarked upon a revolutionary 
new medical curriculum, which may 
well become the pattern for the first 
major change in more than fifty years 
in the method of teaching medicine. The 
need for curricular revisions also has 
been recognized and adopted by Duke's 
Divinity School, Law School, School of 
Nursing, School of Engineering, and 
School of Forestry. A revised under- 
graduate curriculum will be inaugurated 
this fall. In addition, plans have been 
made and the funding has been secured 
for launching a School of Business Ad- 






ministration at Duke in September. 

New buildings, many of them housing 
elaborate new equipment, have altered 
the face of the Duke campus since 
1963. Among new buildings completed 
are a men's dormitory complex, a medi- 
cal sciences building, the Gross Chem- 
istry Building, a main entrance to the 
hospital, and a major addition to the 
William R. Perkins Library which more 
than doubles its capacity. 

In the five years prior to Dr. Knight's 
arrival, new construction completed at 
Duke totaled $21 million. During the 
first four years of his administration. 
$34.8 million in new construction was 
completed, and at the end of his presi- 
dency, the University has either in 
progress or planned more than $122 
million in new construction. 

Among major new facilities already 
opened at Duke during Dr. Knight's 
administration have been the Regional 
Nuclear Structure Laboratory; a sophis- 
ticated botannical facility known as a 
phytotron, operated in conjunction with 
North Carolina State University and 
known as the Southeastern Plant En- 
vironmental Laboratory; the nation's 
first hyperbaric oxygenation chamber 
designed and built especially for clinical 
research and treatment; and the acqui- 
sition of an ocean-going research ship. 
the "Eastward," which has expanded 
the horizons of Duke's program in 
oceanography at the Marine Laboratory 

located at Beaufort, North Carolina. 

Duke also has expanded its inter- 
national studies programs, and has de- 
veloped a Center for Southern Studies. 

The total student body has increased 
from 6,421 in the fall of 1963 to 7,994 
last fall. Increases in the faculty, both 
in total number and in the number of 
endowed chairs, also have been made. 

Search Committee Named 

A Presidential Search Committee to 
find a successor to Dr. Douglas M. 
Knight has been appointed by Charles 
B. Wade, Jr., chairman of the Univer- 
sity Board of Trustees, who named Dr. 
John C. McKinney, dean of the Grad- 
uate School, to chair the group. 

In addition to trustees and faculty, 
the committee is composed of two 
students and the president of the Gen- 
eral Alumni Association, J. Alex Mc- 
Mahon, of Chapel Hill, North Carolina. 
Mr. McMahon is president of North 
Carolina Blue Cross and Blue Shield, 

Executive secretary of the committee 
will be Dr. David V. Martin, associate 
professor of education and associate 
dean of the Graduate School. 

Nine trustees were appointed to the 
group. They are: Career Ambassador 
(Ret.) George V. Allen, Washington, 
D.C.; Dr. Merrimon Cuninggim, exec- 
utive director, The Danforth Founda- 
tion, St. Louis, Missouri; Miss Nancy 
Hanks, executive secretary, Special 
Studies Project, The Rockefeller 
Brothers Fund, New York. New York; 
Alfred M. Hunt, vice president and sec- 
retary, the Aluminum Company of 
America, Pittsburgh; Raymond D. 
Nasher, banker and real estate devel- 
oper, Dallas; Thomas L. Perkins, chair- 
man of the trustees. The Duke Endow- 
ment, New York; W. M. Upchurch, 
Jr., senior vice president, Shell Com- 
panies Foundation. Inc., New York; 
and Dr. Wilson O. Weldon. editor, 
The Upper Room, Nashville, Tennes- 

Faculty appointed to the committee 
include Dr. William G. Anlyan, Univer- 
sity vice president for health affairs; 
Dr. William H. Cartwright, professor 
and chairman of the department of edu- 
cation, who is past chairman of the Aca- 
demic Council; Dr. Thomas A. Lang- 
ford, professor and chairman of the 

department of religion; Dr. McKinney; 
and Dr. Jane Philpott, professor of 
botany and acting dean of the Woman's 
College. In addition, five other faculty 
members were named as alternates. 
They are: Dr. James B. Wyngaarden, 
professor and chairman of the depart- 
ment of medicine; Dr. John O. Black- 
burn, professor of economics; Dr. Jua- 
nita M. Kreps, newly appointed dean 
of the Woman's College and professor 
of economics; Dr. Richard L. Predmore, 
professor of Romance languages; and 
Dr. Jack B. Chaddock, professor and 
chairman of the department of me- 
chanical engineering. 

The two students who will serve on 
the committee are Robert C. Feldman, 
president of the Associated Students of 
Duke University, and Walter L. Miller, 
a third-year medical student. 

Mr. Wade said the committee is be- 
ginning work immediately, and that 
candidates for the post will be given op- 
portunities to meet with various faculty 
and student groups before a final recom- 
mendation is made to the Board of 

Alumni Trustees Elected 

For the first time, Duke graduates 
elected four of their fellow alumni to 
the University's Board of Trustees. 

Those elected by mailed ballot were 
P. Huber Hanes '37, of Winston-Salem, 
North Carolina; Paul Hardin, III, '52, 
L.LB. '54, of Spartanburg, South Caro- 
lina; Edwin L. Jones, Jr., '48, of Char- 
lotte, North Carolina; and Charles S. 
Murphy. Sr., '31. LL.B. '34, of Wash- 
ington, D.C. 

The four received the highest num- 
ber of votes among eight candidates 
whose names were submitted to some 
37.000 Duke graduates throughout the 

Mr. Hardin will take his seat on the 
board immediately to fill an existing 
vacancy. All except Mr. Hanes, who 
is currently a trustee, are new members 
and will assume their positions Jan- 
uary 1, 1970. 

Mr. Hanes is chairman of the board 
of Hanes Corporation. He has served 
as a member of the University trustees 
since 1954, and is also a member of 
the Athletic Council. 

He is a director of the Wachovia 
Bank and Trust Company in Winston- 
Salem, as well as banks in New Mexico 






and Florida. He has been active in the 
Methodist Church, the Rotary Club, 
and a variety of civic enterprises in 

Mr. Hardin is president of Wofford 
College, a position he accepted last year 
after serving for several years on the 
Duke Law School Faculty. As a law 
student he edited the Duke Law Jour- 
nal and was named to Order of the Coif. 
Mr. Hardin is a Methodist layman, a 
past president of the Durham Rotary 
Club, and past chairman of the Mayor's 
Human Relations Commission. 

Mr. Jones is president of J. A. Jones 
Construction Company in Charlotte. 
He has served as president of the Duke 
Engineering Alumni Association, chair- 
man of the National Council and presi- 
dent of the General Alumni Associa- 

He is an officer and director of sev- 
eral real estate and construction firms 
and a director of the Charlotte branch 
of First Union Bank. He is a trustee 
of Scarritt College, the Evangelism 
Foundation of the Methodist Church, 
and the Lake Junaluska Assembly. 

Mr. Murphy recently re-entered pri- 
vate law practice in Washington after 
having served as counselor to the Presi- 
dent of the United States. From 1965 
to 1968 he was chairman of the Civil 
Aeronautics Board. He has served in 
key federal positions during the past 
three Democratic administrations. 

A native of Wallace, North Carolina, 
Mr. Murphy received his law degree at 

Duke in 1937, and was awarded the 
honorary degree of doctor of laws in 
1967. He is a member of the Board 
of Visitors of Duke Law School and a 
member of the National Council. 

Governance Studied 

At its final meeting of the year, the 
Student-Faculty- Administration Coun- 
cil called for a study of the entire sys- 
tem of University governance. The 
proposal introduced by Wade Norris, 
out-going president of ASDU, and 
unanimously adopted, said: "SFAC 
recommends to the chancellor that a 
Blue Ribbon Commission be appointed 
to inquire into University governance." 

On April 24, two days after the 
SFAC recommendation, the Academic 
Council passed a similar resolution. 

Dr. Barnes Woodhall. chancellor pro 
tern, voiced his approval of the com- 
mission, at the same time saying that 
the idea had been under consideration 
for some months. 

Dr. Woodhall announced later that a 
committee to examine University gov- 
ernance would definitely be established 
this summer, and would include trus- 
tees, faculty, and students in its mem- 
bership. He also announced the ap- 
pointment of Steve Johnston '69 as as- 
sistant to the chancellor to conduct re- 
search in the area of University gov- 
ernance. Mr. Johnston is a former 
editor of the Duke Chronicle and was 
elected the first student chairman of 
SFAC last September. 

Woman's Dean Appointed 

Newly Named 

Two of the University's most ac- 
complished scholars have been named 
James B. Duke Professors. 

Dr. Barnes Woodhall, recently ap- 
pointed University chancellor pro tern, 
was designated James B. Duke Profes- 
sor of Neurosurgery, and Dr. William 
R. Krigbaum was named James B. Duke 
Professor of Chemistry. 

The new appointments, which will 
become effective July 1, bring the num- 
ber of distinguished professors at Duke 
tc fifty-four. Forty-four of the men 
holaine these chairs are still active in 
teaching and research, and ten are re- 
tired. The University now has forty 
James B. Duke Professors, thirty-one 
of them still active. 

Dr. Juanita M. Kreps. professor of 
economics, has been appointed dean of 
the Woman's College. 

The announcement of her appoint- 
ment was made by President Douglas 
M. Knight, who said that Dr. Kreps 
will assume her duties on September 1. 

Dr. Kreps will fill a vacancy created 
by the resignation of Dr. M. Margaret 
Ball, who returned to fulltime duties in 
teaching and as director of graduate 
studies in political science. Since Feb- 
ruary 1. Dr. Jane Philpott has served 
as acting dean of the Woman's College. 
Next fall she will return to her duties 
as dean of undergraduate instruction 
and professor of botany. 

Dr. Kreps, a nationally recognized 
authority in economics, has published 
extensively in her field. She co- 
authored Principles of Economics, a 
widely used college textbook, and has 
published thirty-six articles ranging 
from such subjects as "Automation and 
Unemployment" to the problems of the 
retired and aged and the education of 

This spring Dr. Kreps was the senior 
member of a task force which prepared 
a working paper, "Economics of Aging: 
Toward a Full Share in Abundance," 
for a special United States Senate Com- 
mittee on Aging. 

Mrs. Kreps is married to Dr. Clifton 
H. Kreps, Jr.. Wachovia Professor of 
Banking at the University of North 
Carolina. They have three children. 

Dr. Kreps completed her undergrad- 
uate work at Berea College, and re- 
ceived her M.A. and Ph.D. degrees 
from Duke. She became a member of 
the Duke faculty in 1955. She also 
taught at Denison University, Hofstra 
College, Queens College (N.Y.), and 
served as Bryan Lecturer in Economics 
at the University of North Carolina at 

Dr. Kreps, in addition to her teach- 
ing duties, served as director of under- 
graduate studies for her department. 
Last November she was elected a trus- 
tee of the Teachers Insurance and 
Annuity Association, which serves thou- 
sands of educators throughout the na- 
tion. She is vice president of the 
National Council on Aging and a mem- 
ber of the North Carolina Consumers 


She has previously served as chair- 
man of the Committee on Social Se- 
curity and Taxation for former Gover- 
nor Sanford's Commission on the Status 
of Women. She was a member of the 
Advisory Committee on Poverty and 
the Older Americans for the Office of 
Economic Opportunity; the Consumer 
Information Committee of the Chamber 
of Commerce; and a member of the 
Social Security Advisory Council. 

Ralston Named Dean 

Dr. Charles W. Ralston, a faculty 
member of the School of Forestry for 
the past fifteen years, has been named 
dean of the School. 

An expert on forest soils and a 
graduate of the University's programs 
in forestry, Dr. Ralston was appointed 
acting dean last September. In the per- 
manent position he succeeds Dr. E. S. 
Harrar, James B. Duke Professor of 
Wood Science, who held the deanship 
from March, 1957, until September, 

Two of Dr. Ralston's departmental 
colleagues, professors Robert L. Barnes 
and Fred M. White, each served as act- 
ing dean during a portion of the interim 
period prior to the new dean's appoint- 

Dr. Ralston, a native of Illinois, 
earned a bachelor of science degree in 
forestry at Colorado State University in 
1942. After wartime service, he came 
to Duke and earned both a master of 
forestry and Ph.D. degree in the For- 
estry School he now heads. 

He was a member of the faculty of 
silviculture at the University of Florida 
from 1949 to February 1954, when he 
joined the Duke faculty. 

Women Living Off Campus 

University officials have approved a 
plan which will allow up to thirty 
Woman's College seniors to live off 
campus beginning in September. 

The policy, according to Mary Grace 
Wilson, dean of undergraduate women, 
was established to relieve overcrowded 
conditions and to make available more 
single rooms in the Woman's College 

She explained that the enrollment for 
the College was already set. and that 
permitting some women to live off- 

campus was not a measure to enable an 
increase in the number of students. 

"Thirty was the arbitrary figure ar- 
rived at," another dean said, "because 
for the past seven years we have had 
to convert approximately thirty single 
rooms into temporary doubles." 

The women who will be permitted 
to live off-campus must be twenty-one 
years of age by the opening of school 
next fall, and have senior standing at 
the end of this semester. All students 
must keep the College informed of their 
local address and sign a statement that 
they have communicated with their par- 
ents or guardian about their housing 

Since the policy was announced, 
twenty-two women, all the applicants 
who met the age and class qualifica- 
tions, have been granted permission to 
move off campus. 

The deans staff was not surprised at 
the relatively few number of applicants. 
"Despite the number of students who 
say they would like to move out of the 
dormitories, it has been the experience 
of many colleges that there are less 
applicants than the number of open- 
ings," Miss Wilson said. 

Graduate Dean Appointed 

Dr. John C. McKinney, professor 
and chairman of the sociology depart- 
ment at Duke University, has been 
appointed vice provost and dean of the 
Graduate School. 

Announcement of Dr. McKinney's 
promotion was made by University Pro- 
vost Dr. Marcus E. Hobbs. 

Dr. McKinney on July 1 succeeded 
Dr. Richard L. Predmore, who sub- 
mitted his resignation last year in order 
to return to fulltime teaching and re- 
search as professor of Romance lan- 

Dr. Edward Tiryakian will assume 
Dr. McKinney's duties as head of the 
sociology department in September. 

Dr. McKinney will be administrative 
head of the Duke Graduate School, 
which has an enrollment of over 1,500. 
Last year the school conferred 470 ad- 
vanced degrees. 

In addition to his academic work at 
Duke, Dr. McKinney is president of 
the Southern Sociological Society, a 
member of the advisory committee for 
social science for the National Science 

Foundation, and a member of commit- 
tees for the Social Science Research 
Council and the American Sociological 
Association. He also serves as a con- 
sultant for the National Institute of 
Mental Health and the U. S. Office of 

A native of Velasco, Texas, Dr. 
McKinney holds A.B. and M.A. degrees 
from Colorado State College and his 
Ph.D. from Michigan State University. 
He came to Duke in 1957 as professor 
and chairman of the department of so- 
ciology and anthropology. 

Aiming for Three Million 

The University's Perkins Library ac- 
quired its two millionth volume in 
April, then immediately embarked on 
its third million. 

Presentation of the two millionth 
book, Plinius Secundus' Historia Nat- 
uralis, printed in 1476 as the earliest 
scientific encyclopedia, made Duke the 
nineteenth library in the nation to pass 
that milestone. And quite a milestone 
it was. The Trinity College Library at 
its inception contained only 9,000 vol- 

The book was a gift from Thomas L. 
Perkins, of New York, chairman of The 
Duke Endowment trustees. The main 
library was named for Mr. Perkins' 
father, the late Judge William R. Per- 
kins, legal counselor to James B. Duke. 

Harry L. Dalton, of Charlotte, began 
the Library's third million when he pre- 
sented a Fourth Folio of Shakespeare's 
plays, printed in 1686. The book is 
the final volume among four large pa- 
per editions of the plays that were 
printed in the seventeenth century. 

Bubas Named Assistant 

Former head basketball coach Vic 
Bubas has been named special assistant 
to the chancellor of the University. 

The announcement of the appoint- 
ment by President Douglas M. Knight 
at the end of March came a month 
after the disclosure that Mr. Bubas 
would end his coaching career at Duke. 

In his new position, Mr. Bubas will 
assist Dr. Barnes Woodhall, who was 
recently appointed chancellor pro tern 
with responsibility for the internal af- 
fairs of the University. 


IF YOU TOOK a small portion of nos- 
talgia, numerous projections about the 
future of the Woman's College and 
educated woman-power, and added a 
plan for continuing education, you'd 
have a good sampling of Alumnae 
Weekend, April 10-12. 

On Thursday night the Alumnae As- 
sociation Board of Directors approved 
a resolution to finance for three years 
an Office of Continuing Education. It 
was anticipated by the Board that a 
director would be hired on a part-time 
basis to investigate the need for specific 
programs, develop and administer cur- 
rently available programs, and to coun- 
sel women who are continuing or plan- 
ning to continue their education. 

On Friday alumnae toured the new 
Art Museum on East, which was ex- 
hibiting oils and water colors by Penn- 
sylvania artist Philip Jamison and a 
number of pieces from the permanent 

Brummer Collection of Medieval Art. 
The new addition to the Perkins Li- 
brary was also on the tour schedule. 

At the annual alumnae dinner Fri- 
day night, acting dean of the Woman's 
College, Jane Philpott, and dean of the 
nursing school, Myrtle Irene Brown, 
brought alumni up to date on changes 
in curriculum, opportunities for con- 
tinuing education, and new student gov- 
ernment structures. 

Saturday morning following a coffee 
hour, the one hundred and fifty alum- 
nae heard Dr. Barnes Woodhall, chan- 
cellor pro tern, discuss "Medicine in the 
Year 2,000." Dr. Theo C. Pilkington, 
professor and chairman of biomedical 
engineering, spoke on the growing need 
and potential for more "Women in 

Alumnae Weekend ended with a 
luncheon in the East Union at which 
Mary Grace Wilson, dean of under- 
graduate women, Fannie Y. Mitchell, 
former director of the appointments 
office, and Dr. M. Margaret Ball, for- 
mer dean of the Woman's College, were 
made honorary members of the Alum- 
nae Association. 

Gene Boyle Brading (Mrs. S. G., 
Jr.) '40, of Sumter, South Carolina, was 
elected president of the Woman's Col- 
lege Alumni Association during the 
weekend. She succeeds Margaret Adams 
Harris (Mrs. R. Kennedy) '38, LLB 
'40, of Greensboro, North Carolina. 

First and second vice presidents, re- 
spectively, are Alice Anderson Barnes 
(Mrs. Ralph W.) '27 of Durham, and 
Dorothy Zerbach Mills (Mrs. H. Har- 
rison) '38, of Greenville, North Caro- 
lina. Dorothy Staub Caudle (Mrs. 
Lloyd) '54, of Charlotte, North Caro- 
lina, is treasurer of the association. 

Kathryn Goodman Stern (Mrs. Sid- 
ney J.) '46, of Greensboro, North Caro- 
lina, was elected chairman of the 
Alumnae Council, and Susan Pickens 
Jones (Mrs. L. Merritt) '52, of Ra- 
leigh, North Carolina, was elected vice 

Serving as representatives-at-large on 
the associations's Board of Directors 
for three years will be Jean Stanback 
Brumley (Mrs. George W.) '58, of 
Durham; Harriet Cannon Crawford 
(Mrs. James W.) '61, of Oxford, North 
Carolina; Lydia Cantrell Gill (Mrs. 
Douglas R.) '62, of Chapel Hill, North 
Carolina; Nancy Thompson Pleasants 

(Mrs. C. E.) '63, of Winston-Salem, 
North Carolina; and Alice Ketner 
Smith (Mrs. W. Herbert, Jr.) '54, of 
Clover, South Carolina. 

Nurses Meet 

At their annual meeting on April 10, 
the School of Nursing Alumnae Asso- 
ciation inaugurated a new lecture series 
in memory of the late Harriet Cook 

The wife of Dr. Bayard Carter, Mrs. 
Carter, a nurse, was co-founder of the 
Women's Auxiliary and a member of 
the Board of the Salvation Army. 

The first lectureship brought Muriel 
R. Carberry, dean of Cornell University 
School of Nursing and director of nurs- 
ing services at New York Hospital, to 
the campus to speak on "Newer Dimen- 
sions in Patient Care." 

The lecture followed a dinner and 
the annual meeting of the association 
in the West Campus Union Ballroom. 
Newly elected officers of the association 
are Betty Mraz Bunn (Mrs. Spruill G.) 
BSN'61, president; Jo Ann Baughan 
Dalton (Mrs. Franklin P.) BSN'57, 
vice president; Liz Wheeler Kendall 
(Mrs. M. Eugene) BSN'66, secretary- 
treasurer; and councilors: Susan Weber 
Friedel (Mrs. Ronald P.) BSN'61; 
Anna Hinton Fetter (Mrs. Bernard F.) 
'44; Russelline Craddock Moore (Mrs. 
Joseph N., Jr.) BSN'57; and Anne Nor- 
ton Chambers (Mrs. Robert L.) RN'33. 

Law Alumni Return 

Tax was the theme for Law School 
alumni activities during April 18-19, as 
over 100 graduates returned for Law 
Day 1969. 

On the eighteenth, a panel represent- 
ing major areas of government ad- 
dressed themselves to the question, 
"Tokenism in Tax Reform?" Dr. Law- 
rence Woodworth, of the United States 
Internal Revenue staff; Professor Stap- 
ley Surrey, former assistant secretary 
for tax policy in the treasury depart- 
ment; Senator Jack Miller, of Iowa; and 
Leon Rice, Jr., a Washington tax at- 
torney, led the discussion on the grass 
roots movement for tax reform. 

Judge J. Braxton Craven, of the U.S. 
Fourth Circuit, addressed alumni at the 
Law Day Luncheon on Saturday. Con- 
cluding the formal schedule of activi- 


ties, the Law Alumni Association 
honored the late Professor Charles 
Lowndes, an authority in the field of 
federal taxation, by presenting his por- 
trait to the School. 

Earlier in the morning, at the annual 
meeting of the Law Alumni Associa- 
tion, Dean Kenneth Pye presented a 
"State of the School Report." 

The weekend concluded with parties 
given by the reunion classes of '39, '49, 
'54, '59, and '64. 

Newly elected officers of the associa- 
tion are William D. Caffrey '58, of 
Greensboro, North Carolina, president; 
Nicholas Orem, Jr., '32, of Hyattsville, 
Maryland, president-elect; and F. Roger 
Thaler '63, of Durham, North Carolina, 
secretary-treasurer. Four new council 
members were also elected: J. Mack 
Holland, Jr., '37, of Gastonia, North 
Carolina; Mrs. Erma Griffith Green- 
wood '39, of Knoxville, Tennessee; E. 
Lawrence Davis '63, of Winston-Salem, 
North Carolina; and Fred Folger, Jr., 
'52, of Mt. Airy, North Carolina. 

Class Notes 

News of alumni who received graduate or 
professional degrees, but who did not at- 
tend Duke as undergraduates, appears 
under the year in which the advanced de- 
gree was awarded. Otherwise news ap- 
pears under the year designating the in- 
dividual's undergraduate class. Married 
couples representing two different classes 
are usually listed under the earlier class. 

Alumni should address correspondence to 
Charlotte Corbin, Class Notes Editor, De- 
partment of Alumni Affairs, Duke Uni- 
versity, Durham, North Carolina 27706. 

lip A MARRIED: Irving E. Allen '17 
nUU to Mrs. Alice Haynes on Dec. 29. 
Residence: Durham, N. C. 

*%t\ Mrs. Louise Berry Lee (m.a.t. '55) 
LL retired in June 1968 after 33 years 
of teaching in the North Carolina schools. 
A resident of Asheboro, N.C., she plans to 
study and practice interior decorating both 
as a hobby and as a part-time vocation. 

(jr W. Rolfe Brown retired from his 
Z3 work with the General Board of Lay 
Activities of The Methodist Church last 
September and is living in Phoenix, Ariz. 

QO Dr. H. Conrad Blackwell a.m. re- 
^Q tired from the active ministry of the 
United Methodist Church in 1965, after 
serving as District Superintendent of the 
Danville, Va., District He had also been 
on the faculties of Millsaps College and 
Madison College. His home is now in 
Richmond, Va. 

fyi Carl A. Ryman retired as a Marine 
£, / engineer from the Navy Department 
in 1961. He is living in Arlington, Va. 

OQ Verona Blalock Beard (Mrs. John 
ZO M -) ( A - M - ' 29 ) nas retired from 
teaching after 35 years of service in North 
Carolina high schools. Her present project 
is Talicud Farm Antique Shop in Apex, 
N. C. 

MWhen Christian Printing Co., of 
Durham, of which Linwood B. 
(Pete) Christian was vice president and 
treasurer, merged with the Colonial Press, 
Inc., of Chapel Hill on Jan. 1, the com- 

Duke Alumni say: 

Meet me at the Downtowner 




Qe&UvdtUf,: 309 West Chapel Hill St. 

► 156 Units Durham, North Carolina 

► Color television Telephone 919-688-8221 

► Banquet facilities 

► Spacious parking 

► and ike. rf-ou* fylameA (ledawiattt 

pany became Creative Printers of North 
Carolina, Inc., with Mr. Christian as pres- 
ident. The former vice president of Co- 
lonial Press, Robert M. Lester '41, be- 
came a vice president of the new organi- 
zation, which is located in Chapel Hill. 

01 Mrs. Elizabeth Clark Moore 
tl I (a.m. '33) is a case worker for the 
City of New York, presently working in 
special services with Cuban refugees. 

QQ Enid Parker Bryan a.m. (ph.d. 
Uil '42), professor of English at the 
University of Chattanooga, has been named 
to serve as adviser to students at the Uni- 
versity who plan to do graduate work at 
other institutions. 

QQ Sherwood W. Barefoot m.d., a der- 
J0 matologist in Greensboro, N.C., is 
president of the Guilford County Medical 
Society for 1969. He is also Clinical As- 
sociate Professor of Medicine at the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. 

QA Alma Simmons Klose (Mrs. L. V.) 
JjJ a.m., whose husband died last fall, 
is school librarian at the Pittsburgh, Kan., 
high school. 

Capt. John E. Morrissey u.s.n. has 
been transferred from Officer in Charge 
Navy Purchasing Office, London, to be 
Executive Officer, Navy Ships Store Office, 
New York City. He and his wife reside 
in Garden City. 

k ft Kathryn W. Lynch a.m. of St. AI- 
■f U bans, W. Va., is supervisor of mathe- 
matics in the secondary schools of Kanaw- 
ha County. She has also served as her 
state representative on the National Coun- 
cil of Teachers of Mathematics. 

Theodore M. Robinson of Sacramento, 
Calif., has been made regional supervisor, 
public relations of the northern counties 
area of Pacific Telephone Company. His 
duties will include "Director of Manage- 
ment Speakers Bureau" and "Executive 
Speech Writer." 

JM William Edward Leeper, Jr. (m.d. 
*f | '44) practices internal medicine in 
Gastonia, N.C. He and Mrs. Leeper have 
two daughters. 

John W. Wilkin, Director of Athletics 
at Colby College, Waterville, Me., is vice 
president of the Eastern College Athletic 
Conference and serves as chairman of its 
Constitution Committee. He is also chair- 
man of the NCAA College Division Base- 
Baseball Tournament, and is on the NCAA 
Baseball Rules and Tournament Commit- 
tee, as well as its Professional Relations 

JQ C. Warren Irvin, Jr. (m.d. '44), 
*\L a cardiologist in Columbia, S.C., is 
a vice president of the American Heart 
Association. He is chairman of the Mid- 
Atlantic Region of the national Heart or- 
ganization; and, in addition, he has as- 
sumed some of the traveling and speaking 
duties of the Association's president. 


JQ Elizabeth Boykin Callahan (Mrs. 
^J Griffin C.) r.n., b.s.n. lives in 
Parkersburg, W. Va., where her husband 
is rector of the Episcopal Church. They 
have two children who have finished col- 
lege, two in college, and one in the third 

Elizabeth Kuhlmann Gibney (Mrs. 
John R.) of Round Hill, Va., is selling 
real estate for House of Lords, Inc., in 
Leesburg, Va. She also serves on the 
county electoral board and the Loudoun 
County tourism committee. 

Lee Bendall Macro (Mrs. Charles 
M.) writes that she is working for an 
M.A. on an experimental program spon- 
sored by Sarah Lawrence and New York 
State to train non-teachers for guidance 
counselor work. She lives in Ardsley, N.Y. 

MM Michael J. Feeney m.d., a urologist 
If If in San Diego since 1952 and immedi- 
ate past president of the San Diego Acad- 
emy of Medicine, has been elected to head 
the San Diego County Medical Society in 
1970. He resides with his wife and two 
teenage sons in Point Loma. 

George S. Hilton m.e. has been named 
an account executive for Buchen Adver- 
tising, Inc., Chicago, and will be respon- 
sible for the Chemetron Corporation's 
chemical division. He, his wife and two 
sons live in Morton Grove, 111. 

JC Betty Lee Swisher Ratcliff and 
fj Harold B. Ratcliff '46 live in Pe- 
oria, 111., where he is on the faculty at 
Bradley University. Mrs. Ratcliff has a 
Master's degree in psychology and is doing 
an internship in a local clinic. 

Mrs. Passie Jones Saperstein (a.m. 
. _ '47) of Atlanta, Ga., is a toxicologist 
for the State crime laboratory. 

Tim A. Warner (ll.b. '48) is pres- 
ident of Wimbish Insurance Company in 
Greensboro, N.C. 

M~l MARRIED: Kitty Threadgill 
*|# Cartledge to Donald A. Chiofolo 
on May 25, 1968. Residence: Charlotte, 

JQ Francis W. Whatton has been 
1 elected executive vice president and 
chief executive officer of Fawcett-Haynes 
Printing Corp. of Louisville, Ky. A mem- 
ber of the firm since 1949, he has been 
a company vice president since 1965. 

Aft John J. Jackson is treasurer of the 
*JJ| Board of National Missions of the 
United Presbyterian Church. He and his 
wife, Elizabeth Rumble Jackson, live in 
Huntington, N.Y. 

Hugh L. Stone, Jr., c.e., president of 
Stone's Southern School Supply Company, 
Raleigh, N.C, was elected a regional di- 
rector of the National School Supply and 
Equipment Association at the organiza- 
tion's annual meeting in December. 

MDr. Clarence F. Brown, Associate 
Professor of Russian at Princeton 
University, was one of six faculty mem- 

bers selected as McCosh Faculty Fellows 
for 1969-70 in recognition of distinguished 
scholarship in the humanities and social 
sciences. He will be on leave for the full 
term and will complete a book on the life 
and poetry of Osip Mandelstam, a 20th 
century Russian author. 

William L. Watts is assistant director 
of public relations in the Public Relations 
Department of Massachusetts Mutual In- 
surance Co. He and Mrs. Watts reside in 
East Longmeadow, Mass. 

BORN: Second son to Dr. Robert E. 
Dye and Elaine Eyster Dye '56, m.d. 
'60, New York City, on Dec. 3. Named 
Charles Edward. 

Second child and first daughter to Sara 
McDermott Meier and Charles D. 
Meier, Oakland, Calif., on Jan. 9, 1968. 
Named Pamela Ann. 

CI John F. Few (b.d. '54) is pastor of 
3 | the First United Methodist Church, 
Dade City, Fla. 

On Jan. 1 James S. Kersey became ex- 
ecutive director of the Suicide Prevention 
Center, Fort Worth, Texas. For nine years 
he has served as executive director of 
the Fort Worth Association for Mental 

KW. Lee Noel is data processing 
division vice president and com- 
mercial region manager for I.B.M. with 
headquarters in New York. He makes his 
home in Princeton, N.J. 

Jay C. Wertman, b.s.n.ed. Chief of 
Nursing Service at National Institute of 
Mental Health, Lexington, Ky., since Au- 
gust 1961, retired on Dec. 31 after 22 
years of Federal service. The first and 
only male nurse to be appointed as Di- 
rector of Nursing in a USPHS Hospital, 
he was promoted to the Nurse Director 
grade (Captain, Navy rank) in 1963, 
being the first male nurse to reach this 
rank in the uniformed services of the 
United States. He and Mrs. Wertman 
have moved to St. Petersburg, Fla. 

MARRIED: Charles R. Dilts to Mrs. 
Lynne S. White on Nov. 28. Residence: 
Durham, N.C. 

Alden B. Pearson, Jr. (a.m. '65, ph.d. 
'68) to Mrs. Anna Lee Skipper Johnson 
on Jan. 3. Residence: Huntsville, Ala. 

CQ Pierre C. Haber a.m. is an assistant 
J J professor of Spanish at Jersey City 
State College. He makes his home in 
Brooklyn, N.Y. 

MARRIED: Nancy A. Alyea to Dr. 
H. Max Schiebel on Dec. 26. Residence: 
Durham, N.C. 

BORN: Fourth child, a son, to Dr. 
Douglas E. Kennemore and Mrs. Ken- 
nemore, Greenville, S.C., on Jan. 30, 1968. 
Named Paul Ashley. 

First child and daughter to William E. 
Painter (m.d. '59) and Mrs. Painter, 
Lynchburg, Va., on Aug. 24. Named Amy 

Second and third children, twins, to 
Eugene W. Stuart, Jr., and Mrs. Stuart, 

W. P. Budd, Jr., '36, President 
& Treasurer 

B. M. Rose '33, Vice Pres.-Sec'y 

J. B. Coble '32, Sales Rep. 


506 Ramseur St. 










Phone or Mail Your 

Inquiries to 

Box 708— Phone 682-8121 




Established 1872 

Durham's Oldest Business Firm 

Bonds — Marine 
Fire — Casualty — Automobiles 

North Carolina National Bank Bldg. 
Tel. 682-9188 


Accredited scholarship. College prep since 
1893. Boys boarding 14-18, day 12-18. 
Semi-military. Endowed awards. Ideal lo- 
cation. Modern facilities. New science 
and library building. Athletics all ages. 
Attend own church. SUMMER CAMP 
for boys 8-15. Write for illustrated catalog. 

121 Cherokee Road, Chattanooga, Tenn. 37401 





Serving Industry 



in the 

Southeast for Over Eighty Years 

Greenville, S.C., on March 28, 1968. 
Named Eugene, Jr., and Anne Fitzhugh. 

MBORN: Fourth child and first 
daughter to J. William McGuinn, 
Jr., and Caroline Kirkman McGuinn 
'60, High Point, N.C., on May 31. Named 
Elizabeth Phillips. 

First child and son to Dominic A. 
Vivona and Mrs. Vivona, Menlo Park, 
N.J., on July 6. Named Dominic, Jr. 

CC William W. Kelly a.m. (ph.d. 
03 ' 57 )» director of the Honors Col- 
lege and an associate professor of Amer- 
ican Thought and Language at Michigan 
State University, has been elected as the 
sixth president of Mary Baldwin College, 
Staunton, Va. He will take office July 1. 

CC Dr. Leonard H. Brubaker and 
jQ Margaret Miles JBrubaker '58 
moved to Columbia, Mo., on Jan. 1, when 
he became an assistant professor in the 
Department of Medicine at Missouri Med- 
ical School. 

William C. Hilles (a.m. '58) has been 
made business manager of New York 
Medical College — Flower and Fifth Av- 
enue Hospitals. He previously served as 
executive assistant to the president. 

John A. Schwarz, III, became a vice 
president in institutional sales at Kidder, 
Peabody & Company, New York City, 
on Dec. 1. He and his family live in 
Greenwich, Conn. 

MARRIED: Nathaniel Greenblatt 
Lande to Linda Theresa R. Hope on Jan. 
11. Residence: Hollywood, Calif. 

CT Bernie Blaney, Durham High 
J / School head football coach, was 
awarded the Distinguished Citizenship 
Award of the Bright Leaf Civitan Club 
in January. In his seven years as the high 
school coach, Mr. Blaney's teams have 
had 63 wins, 16 losses and one tie. He 
and his wife, the former Etta Apple '56, 
m.ed. '60, have three children. 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
Kenneth L. Albrecht and Mrs. Al- 
brecht, Hasbrouck Heights, N.J., on Nov. 
8. Named Anne Elaine. 

Second daughter to Helen Simmons 
Carey (Mrs. C. Niel) and Mr. Carey, 
Ellicott City, Md., on Oct. 9. Named Re- 
becca Simmons. 

First child and daughter to William S. 
Lee and Mrs. Lee, Rehoboth Beach, Del., 
on Sept. 11. Named Mary Caroline. 

Fifth child and fourth son to Katrine 
Keller Maultsby (Mrs. Thomas N.) 
b.s.n. and Mr. Maultsby, Rocky Mount, 
N.C., on Feb. 7, 1968. 

A daughter to Ann Wescott May 
(Mrs. Ronald) and Mr. May, New York 
City, on Jan. 27, 1967. Named Deborah 

Third child and second daughter to 
Robert E. Rider (m.d. '61) and Mrs. 
Rider, Martinsville, Va., on Nov. 15. 
Named Ashley Adair. 

Second son to Major Donald M. Ware 

m.e. and Mrs. Ware, Fairborn, Ohio, on 
July 18. Named Andrew McEwen. 

ADOPTED: A daughter by Araminta 
Pierce Coolidge (Mrs. W. A., Jr.) and 
Mr. Coolidge, Memphis, Tenn., on July 
23. Named Caroline Pierce. 

PQ Arlick L. Brockwell, Jr., of 
3(j Chester, Va., has been appointed 
an assistant professor of physical educa- 
tion for the school of nursing and director 
of athletics at the Medical College of 
Virginia Health Sciences Division of Vir- 
ginia Commonwealth University. He is 
married and has a son and two daughters. 

David Walrath c.e., a partner of Haz- 
en and Sawyer, Engineers, in New York 
City, has been named a Diplomate of the 
American Academy of Environmental En- 
gineers. He resides with his wife, Alice 
M. Walrath a.m. '59, and three children 
in Closter, N.J. 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
Robert C. Ford and Mrs. Ford, La- 
Grange Park, 111., on Aug. 13. Named 
Melissa Jeanine. 

A daughter to B. Fred Woolsey and 
Mrs. Woosley, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, on 
June 19. Named Brenda Elizabeth. 

Cfl Kenneth L. Cornwell m.e. has 
Jjjj been appointed assistant purchasing 
agent for E. I. duPont de Nemours & Co. 
in Wilmington, Del., where he lives with 
his wife and two children. 

BORN: A son to Gail Schoenborn 
Keller (Mrs. Gunter) m.a.t. and Mr. 
Keller, Bremen, Germany, on Dec. 1. 
Named Stephan. 

Second son to Bonnie Taylor Meeks 
(Mrs. Bobby L.) and Mr. Meeks, Dur- 
ham, N.C., on Dec. 21. Named Bradley 

A daughter to Lewis N. Terry, Jr., 
(m.d. '62) and Betsy Schoenly Terry 
b.s.n. '60, Branford, Conn., on Aug. 2. 
Named Susan Fern. 

M Michael J. Foster, on leave from 
Union College for the 1968-1969 
academic year, is in Yemen studying the 
influence which Mohammedanism has ex- 
erted on the musical arrangements of the 
State Marching Band of Yemen. 

Carl E. Krupp of Hinsdale, 111., is 
midwest regional sales manager for Gude- 
brod Bros. Silk Co., Inc. He is married 
and has two children. 

BORN: Second son to John T. Carter 
and Mrs. Carter, Raleigh, N.C., on Dec. 
16. Named David Lee. 

First child and son to Dr. Roderick D. 
Gerwe and Barbara Williams Gerwe 
'62, Kingsport, Term., on Dec. 3. Named 
David Roderick. 

First child and son to Leonard S. Gra- 
ham, Jr., c.e., and Mrs. Graham, Ottawa, 
Ontario, Canada, on Aug. 13. Named 
Leonard S., III. 

First child and daughter to Stuart P. 
Greenspon and Mrs. Greenspon, New 
York City, on March 30. Named Carolyn 

Third child and second daughter to 
Howard P. Haines c.e. and Mrs. Haines, 
Camp Hill, Pa., on July 31. Named Don- 
na Marilyn. 

Q< Creighton B. Wright (m.d. '65), 
D | assistant resident in surgery at the 
University of Virginia Hospital, was pre- 
sented the Kindred Award by the Medical 
class of 1968. It is given annually to a 
member of the University Hospital house 
staff in recognition of outstanding teach- 

MARRIED: Joseph C. Bowles (b.d. 
'65) to Christina G. Ellsworth on Jan. 5. 
Residence: Brevard, N. C. 

Jane H. Hedrick to Robert H. Walker 
on Dec. 28. Residence: Silver Spring, Md. 

BORN: First child and son to Penelope 
Reinsch Bohn (Mrs. E. William) and 
Mr. Bohn, Atlanta, Ga., on Jan. 7. 
Named William Bradley (Brad). 

First child and daughter to Roslyn 
Kutcher Davis (Mrs. Alan T.) and Mr. 
Davis, Philadelphia, Pa., on Nov. 17. 
Named Jennifer. 

A daughter to Suzanne Amann Diaz 
(Mrs. Ralph) and Mr. Diaz, Greendale, 
Wise, on June 6. Named Robyn Suzanne. 

Third child and first son to Annie 
Lewis Johnston Garda and Robert A. 
Garda e.e., Cleveland, Ohio, on Aug. 10. 
Named Robert A., Jr. 

First child and son to Laurence O. 
Howard, Jr., and Mrs. Howard, Winston- 
Salem, N. C, on Nov. 10. Named Lau- 
rence Pegram. 

A son to Howard P. Hurt and Mrs. 
Hurt. Winston-Salem, N. C, on Dec. 1. 
Named Frederick Howard. 

First child and son to Calvin C. Lin- 
neman, Jr. (m.d. '65) and Patricia Gross 
Linneman b.s.n. '66, Decatur, Ga., on 
Oct. 28. Named Timothy Calvin. 

First child and son to Shelly Conklin 
Ostrowski (Mrs. Alexander) and Mr. 
Ostrowski, Westport, Conn., on Jan. 23, 
1968. Named Gregory Conklin. 

First child and son to Louise Green 
Patikas (Mrs. Takis) and Dr. Patikas, 
Nashville, Tenn., on Jan. 30, 1968. Named 
Takis, Jr. 

First child and son to James L. Poore 
and Mrs. Poore, Erlanger, Ky., on June 
25. Named Christopher Lanier. 

Second child and first daughter to 
Diane Reed Pratt b.s.n. and W. Law- 
rence Pratt, III, Huntsville, Ala., on May 
16. Named Bartley Lewis. 

First child and son to Creighton B. 
Wright (m.d. '65) and Mrs. Wright, Char- 
lottesville, Va.. on June 20. Named Creigh- 
ton Bolter, Jr. 

ADOPTED: Second child and first 
daughter by Elizabeth Wilson Cantrell 
and LCdr. W. H. Cantrell, Springfield, 
Va., born Feb. 29, 1968. Named Katherine 

K MARRIED: Mary E. Cartwright 
(m.a.t. '63) to David C. Wilson on 
Dec. 28. Residence: Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Dr. Clyde C. Medlock, Jr., to Dr. 


Hi** •% <S 

Sat *" V 



Commander Nelson P. 
Jackson '53 received the 
Bronze Star Medal for 
outstanding service to 
the Cruiser - Destroyer 
Group Seventh Fleet 
in the Pacific. He is the 
son of Mrs. C. C. Dur- 
ham and the late J. N. 
Jackson of Durham. 


Kenneth B. On '54 has 
been named vice presi- 
dent of Union Theo- 
logical Seminary in 
Richmond, Virginia. His 
administrative responsi- 
bilities include public 
relations and long-range 
financial development. 


Ralph O. Nesslinger '52 
has been elected an as- 
sistant secretary of the 
Insurance Company of 
North America. In the 
Philadelphia, Pennsyl- 
vania, office since 1965, 
he is currently associate 
director of marketing. 


L. M. Clymer '47 has 
joined Holiday Inns of 
America, Inc., as senior 
vice president of merg- 
ers and acquisitions. 
He will implement a di- 
versification program by 
purchase or merger of 
industry - related com- 


William E. Haines '44, 
LL.B. '48 has joined the 
Flintkote Co. in White 
Plains, N.Y., as vice 
president, finance. His 
wife is the former Caro- 
lyn Price 44. Most re- 
cently he was an execu- 
tive of Super Food Ser- 
vices, Inc. of Chicago. 


Gustav B. Margraf 
LL.B. '39 has been 
named vice president of 
Reynolds Metals Com- 
pany; president of min- 
ing and shiping subsidi- 
aries; and head of ma- 
rine, geological, power 
in Wyoming and Ja- 
maica divisions. 

Nancy Lee Powell on May 19. Residence: 
Memphis, Tenn. 

BORN: Second child and first son to 
Merilee Huser Bostock and Roy J. 
Bostock, Rye, N. Y., in July. 

Second child, a daughter, to Ann Stev- 
ens Harmon (Mrs. William R.) b.s.n. 
and Mr. Harmon, Burbank, Calif., on 
Feb. 2, 1968. Named Mary Ann. 

Second son to James P. Jones and Mary 
Duke Trent Jones '63, Abingdon, Va., on 
Dec. 17. Named Benjamin Parker. 

First child and son to Susan Weeks 
McLaughlin (Mrs. Randolph W.) and 
Mr. McLaughlin, Andover, Mass., on Sept. 
30. Named Michael Randolph. 

Third son to Ruth Bigler Peterson 
(Mrs. J. E.) b.s.n. and Mr. Peterson, 
Flint, Mich., on May 29. Named Steven 

First child and daughter to Barbara 
Mershon Reed (Mrs. Sherman R., Jr.) 
and Mr. Reed, Baltimore, Md., on July 9. 
Named Pamela Jane. 

Second daughter to Robert S. Webber 
and Mrs. Webber, Park Forest, 111., on 
Aug. 25. Named Catherine Bowie. 

prt Paul Bell, an assistant cashier for 
00) Wachovia Bank and Trust Company, 
Winston-Salem, N. C, is assistant adver- 
tising manager. 

MARRIED: Travis C. Broesche e.e. 
to Susan Smith on Nov. 30. Residence: 
Houston, Texas. 

Kathryn Christensen b.s.n. to Robert 
G. Gannon on May 25. Residence: Ster- 
ling, Va. 

Joan A. Connet to Michael L. Whitt on 
April 6. Residence: Kingsport, Tenn. 

Mark L. Entman m.d. to Carol A. 
Snyder b.s.n. '66 on March 31. Resi- 
dence: Washington, D. C. 

Frances C. Howard to Donald R. 
Wheeler on Nov. 30. Residence: Atlanta, 

BORN: A son to Susan Fox Beischer 
and George D. Beischer, Durham, N. C, 
on Dec. 4. Named Thomas Gustav. 

First child and daughter to Judith 
Jennings Earley (Mrs. William M.) 
and Mr. Earley, Ballwin, Mo., on Nov. 25. 
Named Andrea Adair. 

First child and son to Bonnie Platt 
Harty (Mrs. Richard) and Mr. Harty, 
Charlottesville, Va., on Nov. 13. Named 
Seth Charles. 

A son to Lieut. Jan M. Hollis and 
Carol Getz Hollis '64, Gales Ferry, 
Conn., on Oct. 24, 1967. Named David 

First child and son to Elizabeth Willis 
Maxwell (Mrs. Raymond) and Mr. Max- 
well, Charlotte, N. C, on Feb. 22, 1968. 
Named Raymond, HI. 

First child and daughter to Harry O. 
Peterson, Jr., and Mrs. Peterson, Euclid, 
Ohio, on July 7. Named Melinda Jane. 

Second child and first son to Susan 
White Seamans (Mrs. Richard C.) and 
Mr. Seamans, Mill Valley, Calif., on Nov. 
15. Named Andrew White. 

M Sheila Morrissey Adler (a.m. '66) 
and Charles Spencer Adler m.d. 
'66 are living in Denver, Colo., where Dr. 
Adler is a resident in psychiatry at the 
University of Colorado Medical Center. 

Last June Rockwell F. Davis received 
the d.d.s. degree from Georgetown Uni- 
versity in Washington, and presently he 
is a lieutenant at the U. S. Public Health 
Service Hospital in New Orleans, La. 

Jack C. Rubenstein is an assistant 
prosecuting attorney, criminal division, for 
Hamilton County, Cincinnati, Ohio, and 
is associated with the law firm of Ruben- 
stein and Rubenstein. 

MARRIED: James H. Cheek, IV, to 
Sigourney Woods on June 1. Residence: 
Nashville, Tenn. 

Dr. Dennis W. Donnelly to Susan 
Fischer in June, 1968. Residence: Bryn 
Mawr, Pa. 

Gail M. Tousey (m.ed. '65) to Hal- 
bert H. McKinnon, Jr., on Dec. 28. Resi- 
dence: Raleigh, N. C. 

BORN: First child and son to Janet 
Baker Craig (m.s.n. '66) and Timothy T. 
Craig, Jr., '67, Chattanooga, Tenn., on 
May 23. Named Timothy Talmadge, III. 

First child and son to Allan R. Ha- 
worth m.e. and Mrs. Haworth, Reston, 
Va., on Jan. 24, 1968. Named Christopher 

First child and son to Marcia Steen 
Kotarski b.s.n. and Dr. Kotarski, Man- 
hasset, N. Y., on Nov. 17. Named Ken- 
neth John. 

A daughter to Brenda Reed O'Donovan 
(Mrs. J. Crossan) b.s.n. and Mr. 
O'Donovan, Town of Mount Royal, Que- 
bec, Canada, on Sept. 11. Named Ellen 

First child and son to Marilyn Howe 
Rimer b.s.n. and Alan E. Rimer c.e., 
Wakefield, Mass., on Dec. 2. Named 
Christopher Alan. 

Second daughter to Clarissa Canfield 
Thomasson (Mrs. Neil.) and Mr. 
Thomasson, Bethesda, Md., on July 4. 
Named Annie Lynn. 

PC Barbara Sears Brown and Ralph E. 
Qj Brown c.e., are living in Birming- 
ham, Ala. Ralph, who received his Ph.D. 
in civil engineering from Carnegie-Mellon 
University last June, is working for Law 
Engineering Testing Co., a consulting 
firm; and Barbara is a computer program- 
mer for Rust Engineering. 

Roger K. Greenwood, who was mar- 
ried last September, was released from the 
Navy in December after serving for three 
years, two as supply officer on the U.S.S. 
Cone. His present address is Schenectady, 
N. Y. 

Robert J. Sheheen graduated from the 
University of South Carolina Law School 
last June, was admitted to the bar in Oc- 
tober, and since has been associated with 
the law firm of Savage, Royall & Kinard 
in Camden, his home town. 

MARRIED: Ronald Arenson to Ellen 
von Dohln on Aug. 19, 1967. Residence: 
New York, N. Y. 

Lawrence K. Banks (ll.b. '67) to Julia 
S. Ferguson in September, 1968. Resi- 
dence: Greensboro, N. C. 

Paul F. Brown e.e. to Elaine L. Sep- 
pelin on Jan. 4, 1968. Residence: Asbury 
Park, N. J. 

Alan H. Meyer to M. Carolyn Hou- 
chins on Dec. 28. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

Linda Orr to Jon Peter Gunnemann on 
Jan. 18. Residence: New Haven, Conn. 

BORN: First child and son to Judith 
Ullenberg Buhrman and Capt. Richard 
W. Buhrman ll.b. '66, Fort Knox, Ky., on 
July 2. Named Thomas Ward. 

A daughter to Anita Campbell Gil- 
liam (Mrs. James N.) and Mr. Gilliam, 
Las Altos, Calif., on Nov. 21. Named 
Lisa Katherine. 

A daughter to Michael P. Graney and 
Julianna Westscott Graney n '66, Co- 
lumbus, Ohio., on Oct. 20. Named Noelle. 

A daughter to Barbara Lundholm 
Kohler b.s.n. and Stewart E. Kohler 
m.d. '66, Durham, N. C, on Nov. 22. 
Named Susan Linden. 

First child and son to Carol South- 
mayd Marquardt and Emil C. Mar- 
quardt, Jr., ll.b., Clearwater, Fla., on 
Aug. 2. Named John Matthew. 

A son to Thomas D. Price e.e. and Mrs. 
Price, Falls Church, Va., on April 19. 
Named David Michael. 

A son to A. Victor Wray and Mrs. 
Wray, Charlotte, N. C, on Oct. 24. 
Named Albert Victor, Jr. 

Qf» MARRIED: Donald R. Fleck to 
QQ Wanda Elisabeth W. Visser on Dec. 
28. Residence: New York City. 

Marcia K. Meeks b.s.n. to Robert F. 
Morris on Aug. 24. Residence: Colorado 
Springs, Colo. 

Carol Anne Newsome to Howard C. 
Hay in December. Residence: Ann Arbor, 

Margaret B. Walker to Dr. Robert F. 
Miller on Dec. 28. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

BORN: A son to Louise Pruett Hay- 
ter and Dr. George M. Hayter m., Pen- 
sacola, Fla., on May 14. Named Terence 

First child and son to Kenneth E. 
Wilkes m.e. and Mrs. Wilkes, Columbus, 
Ohio, on June 18. Named David Earl. 

A daughter to Donald B. Zobel a.m. 
(ph.d. '68) and Mrs. Zobel, Corvallis, 
Ore., on Oct. 27. Named Cheryl Aileen. 

QT Mrs. Wilhelmina Reuben Cooke 
/ studied American Civilization at Har- 
vard Graduate School last year, and is 
teaching in the Orange County school 
system, Florida, this year. She makes her 
home in Orlando. 

MARRIED: Monty Woodall Cox to 
Carol Ruth Matteson on Dec. 23. Resi- 
dence: New York City. 

Davtd H. Dunaway to Sharon E. Der- 
rick on Dec. 28. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

Randy J. Griffith b.d. to Bonnie Lou 

Starnes on Dec. 22. Residence: Willow 
Springs, N. C. 

Anne Marie Lewis to Jerry J. Nix on 
Nov. 23. Residence: Indianapolis, Ind. 

Martha W. Montague to John Chris- 
tian Wilson on Dec. 21. Residence: Dur- 
ham, N. C. 

William P. Prizer to Margaret M. 
Booker on July 13. Residence: Guilford, 

BORN: Second child, a daughter to 
William R. Ragsdale b.d. and Mrs. Rags- 
dale, Hickory, N. C, on Nov. 4. Named 
Heather Hague. 

A daughter to Frank W. Smithson, 
III, and Mrs. Smithson, Nashville, Tenn.. 
on Sept. 2. 

A daughter to William E. Sumner and 
Florence Hamrick Sumner '68, Dur- 
ham, N. C, on Oct. 4. Named Anne Ham- 

A son to Sarah Lanier Warnecke 
(Mrs. Donald E.) a.m. and Mr. War- 
necke, Charlotte, N. C, on Sept. 3. 
Named A. Michael. 

QQ Welda Rudin is studying choral 
UO conducting with the University of 
Oregon German musical study program 
for the current school year. She is at a 
teachers college in Ludwigsburg, Germany. 
Among those teaching in public schools 
are: Barbara Dean, New York City; 
Mary Ann King, San Diego, Calif., Mar- 
garet R. McGrane, Durham; Rebecca 

A. Michaels, Camp Lejeune, N. C; 
Maryanne E. Petrosino, Raleigh, N. C. 

Also attending graduate school and their 
field of study are: College of William and 
Mary: Patricia A. Hurdle, history; 
M.I.T.: Alan R. Lang, management; 
Reed College: Diane Lang, English; 
University of Miami: Carl P. Matthies, 
psychology; University of Illinois: Andrea 

B. Mednick, psychology; Purdue; Alma 
G. Moon, biology; Indiana: Gail A. 
Myers, French literature; Case Western 
Reserve: Sandra C. Paine, Spanish; Cor- 
nell: Betsy B. Link, child development; 
and Lucy A. Roberts, physics; Univer- 
sity of South Carolina: Michael A. Rob- 
erts, Jr., geology; Peabody College: 
Marion L. Ross, special education; Uni- 
versity of Oregon: Yale, Leslie Stanford, 
chemistry; University of Denver: Henry 
Walter, III, hotel management. 

Others in medical school are: David 
M. DuBose, J. Alfred Moretz, III, W. 
Jefferson Pendergrast, Jr., and John G. 
Thompson, Jr., Emory; Frederick A. 
Berger, St. Louis University; Eric C. 
Bergman, University of Pennsylvania; Ir- 
vin M. Cohen, University of Maryland; 
Myra L. Collins and Alan H. Gradman, 
Washington University; Robert M. Coop- 
er and Thomas James, HI, University of 
Kentucky; James R. Eitel, Northwestern; 
Michael R. Fuck, Johns Hopkins; B. 
Keith Forgy, University of Miami; Leon 
D. Freedman, New York Medical Col- 
lege; Robert H. Friesen and Robert C. 
Henry, University of Kansas; Robert L. 
Fritz, University of Pennsylvania; Don- 
ald I. Gale, Jr., and William M. Gar- 

rett, Jr., Tulane; Henry H. Hartley, 
Jr., and Sara F. Nolttng, University of 
Florida; James T. Hay, Jefferson; Nicho- 
las Hume, Davtd L. Kreger and Jaque- 
lin L. F. Smith, Medical College of Vir- 
ginia; C. Lawrence Kien, University of 
Cincinnati; David L. Kneapler, Yale; 
David M. Lavine and Michael E. Sha- 
han, University of Virginia; Donald E. 
Manning, Medical College of South Caro- 
lina; Howard G. Nathanson, Downstate 
Medical School; William H. Nelson, Jr., 
West Virginia University; Don A. Schwei- 
ger, Vanderbilt; Frances L. Stewart 
Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania; 
Allan B. Truax, Baylor; Donald N. 
Tschan, Jr., Hahneman; William C. 
Waterfield. Temple; and James A. Wil- 
lard, University of Louisville. 

MARRIED: Margaret J. Adkinson to 
Gary Wayne Bross on Dec. 1. Residence: 
Washington, D. C. 

Charles A. Hall e.e. to Jacqueline E. 
Brown on Dec. 24. Residence: Dayton 

Tamela J. Hultzman to John Reed 
Kramer on Dec. 20. Residence: Durham 
N. C 

Lieut. Edwin J. Johnson e.e. to Karen 
J. Kilbane on June 15. Residence: Oeden 

Susan J. Kimball to William Holt 
Anderson on Nov. 23. Residence- Ra- 
leigh, N. C. 

Virginia Pauline Shackford to David 
H. Friedlein on Dec. 27. Residence: Ok- 
lahoma City, Okla. 

Joan F. Tyler to Peter J. Eldridge on 
Dec. 20. Residence: Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Arthur A. Varela, Jr., to Marion B. 
Wiles '69 on Dec. 28. Residence: Dur- 
ham, N. C. 

Thomas R. Watson to Susan P. Riviere 
on Aug. 18. Residence: Raleigh, N. C. 

Helen E. Willis to Benjamin N. 
Miller, Jr., on Dec. 27. Residence: 
Hickory, N. C. 


• J. Burton Satterfield '05 of Roxboro, 
N. C, died on Jan. 18. A retired farmer, 
he is survived by his widow and two 

• E. Ralph Paris, Sr. '14, l.'17 of At- 
lanta, Ga., died following a heart attack 
on Dec. 23. His survivors include a son, 
E. Ralph Paris, Jr. '54, and a daughter, 
Edythe Paris Bird (Mrs. Stewart C.) '56, 
both of Atlanta. 

• Ivon L. Roberts '26, b.d. '29, retired 
Methodist minister of the Western North 
Carolina Conference, died Jan. 22 in 
Leesburg, Fla., after a brief illness. A na- 
tive of Shelby, N. C, he held pastorates 
in a number of places prior to his retire- 
ment in 1966. For the past ten years he 
and his wife had owned and operated Sun- 
set Inn at Lake Junaluska. In addition to 
Mrs. Roberts, he is survived by a son and 
three daughters. 


Now Enjoy in Your Home or Office . 


In Superb Sparkling Watercolors 


Yes! Right now you can enjoy an exciting and 
colorful new idea in decorating your family room, 
library, student's room, office — A gift to delight the 
eye and stir the spirit! 

What better time . . . the most nostalgic season 
of the year ... to treat yourself, or someone near 
you, to a rare gift that recalls the splendor of Duke 
in autumn in all its brilliance ... so universal in 
its beauty and appeal that even non-Duke alumni 
will be delighted to own these expertly rendered 
watercolors — with unmatched spontaneity and fresh- 
ness only possible with watercolors. 

I - 

(Actual size of each 1 1" x 14") The Chapel and Moin Quadrangle 

Looking West on West Campus 

Sarah Duke Memorial Gardens 



College Watercolor Group F-67 

P.O. Box 56, Skillman, New Jersey 08558 

i Gentlemen: Please send me immediately the Duke Watercolor 
I Scenes by Peter Sawyer, indicated below, at $9.95 for the set 

of 4 (or $3.00 each). My check or money order for $ is 

' enclosed. If I am not completely satisfied, I understand I may 
I return them for a full refund. 

I Chapel West on West East Campus Gardens 







Artist Peter Sawyer, was chosen to do the series because of 
his unusually fine, free technique which has won him national 

recognition as an award- 
winning watercolorist. His 
style and a special famil- 
iarity and fondness for this 
subject have enabled him 
to capture in these four 
paintings the very essence 
of Duke in autumn. 

Each full-color scene, 
measuring 11" x 14" is 
masterfully hand rendered 
(NOT a printed reproduc- 
tion) on the finest water- 
color paper, signed, and 
matted on heavy stock 
ready for framing. 

The very low price of $9.95 per set of four (or $3.00 each) 
is possible only as an introductory offer by the COLLEGE WA- 
TERCOLOR GROUP, a gathering of expert watercolorists who 
seek to create the widest possible appreciation for the medium 
of watercolors — and to introduce you, reacquaint you, or renew 
your delight in the marvelous, spontaneous, and refreshing 
world of watercolors. 

So at a fraction of the actual value of this rare set, we make 
this initial offer — with full money-back return privileges. For 
a perfect gift to yourself — to alumni and friends alike — FOR 

East Campus with Auditorium 

• Samuel H. Scott '26 died on Jan. 28 
in Winston-Salem, N. C, where he made 
his home. He was employed by the United 
Stone and Allied Products Workers of 
America. Mrs. Scott, a daughter and a 
son, survive. 

• William B. Newbold '28, general man- 
ager of the Sears store in Baton Rouge, 
La., died at his home on Dec. 11 follow- 
ing a heart attack. A native of Roxboro, 
N. C, he had lived in Baton Rouge for 17 
years. Previously he had been manager 
of stores in Roanoke, Va., Clarksburg, 
W. Va., Charlottesville, Va., and Wil- 
mington, N. C. Mr. Newbold was active 
in the Chamber of Commerce, Better 
Business Bureau, Y.M.C.A., Junior 
Achievement, Florida Street Development 
Association, United Givers, and Louisiana 
Retail Merchants Association. In addition 
to his wife, survivors include a son, a 
daughter, and three brothers, one being 
Arch B. Newbold '37 of Raleigh, N. C. 

• Theron A. Bone '30 of Raleigh, N. C, 
died on Jan. 3. He was owner of Bone 
Insurance and Realty Co. In addition to 
his wife and three sons, he is survived by 
a brother, Frank C. Bone M.D. '44 of 
Orlando, Fla. 

• D. Cameron Murchison ll.b. '35 died 
on April 28, 1968. A resident of Alexan- 
dria, La., he had been a member of the 
local Bar Association for 32 years, serv- 
ing as its vice president in 1959 and as 
president in 1960. He was active in all 
phases of educational, religious and civic 
affairs of his community. Surviving are 
his wife, three sons and two daughters. 

• Frederick H. Andrus '36, m.d. '40 
of Akron, Ohio, died Nov. 16. He is sur- 
vived by his widow. 

• Information has been received of the 
death of S. Donald Ranon m.e. '45 on 
June 19, 1966, following a heart attack. 
He had been employed with the New 
Jersey Bell Telephone Company for 15 
years and at the time of his death was an 
engineer with General Airline and Film 
Corp. Mrs. Ranon, who survives, lives in 
Franklin Park, N. J. 

• Sumner E. Baker '47, secretary-trea- 
surer of Faxon, Inc., home builders, 
Memphis, Tenn., died in January. He was 
active in Chickasaw Council of the Boy 
Scouts, and was an assistant Scout leader 
and member of the committee for a new 
troup being formed in Memphis. Surviv- 
ing are his wife, Mary Hills Divine Baker 
'48, three daughters and a son. 

• M. Katherine Able r.n., b.s.n. '48 
died on Nov. 30 when her home in Au- 
gusta, Ga., burned. For the past three 
years she had been working at Lenwood 
V. A. Hospital. Previously she had 
worked at Duke Hospital and had been on 
the teaching staff at the Columbia Univer- 
sity School of Nursing. 

e Jeffrey L. Stamburgh m.h.a. '66 and 
his wife were killed in a plane crash on 
Dec. 24. They were residents of Erie, Pa. 

• Lt. (jg) Kenneth E. Norms '67 was 
killed in a helicopter accident on Jan. 31 
in Vietnam. He was a native of Arling- 
ton Heights, 111. 


Not Enough News 

As a non-black alumnus, I am 
nonetheless disappointed by the Uni- 
versity's resolution of the recent 
Afro-American demonstration, for 
several reasons: 

1 ) I can think of few more blatant 
examples of institutional racism with- 
in America, than an all-white ju- 
diciary, taking action against a group 
of 48 all-black defendants. Equally 
undemocratic is the University's role 
as both plaintiff and judge — par- 
ticularly when student members are 
totally absent from such disciplinary 

2) Lacking such judicial guaran- 
tees that their interests will be taken 
seriously, does Duke offer its stu- 
dents some other means for insti- 
gating change effectively — short of 
the occupation of buildings, etc.? 
The University's suggestion that 
". . . suspension would be clearly 
appropriate for ... a take-over of a 
building . . . regardless [italics added] 
of their motivations" implies its 
own perfection — which I seriously 
doubt — and fails to recognize that 
violent means are often the only ones 
available to those confronted by an 
unrepresentative power over which 
they have no control, but which does 
control them. Responsiveness to 
needed reform and present unjustice 
can often be as appropriate (though 
more difficult and painful), as is the 
enforcement of obsolete "law and 

3) Finally, I remain skeptical of 
any one-sided coverage of a major 
controversy, and should appreciate 
some statement from blacks them- 
selves as to the nature of their ac- 

The Reverend Stephen R. Moore '68 
Dolton, Illinois 

Mr. Moore evidently refers in his 
letter to a report, "The Hearing for 
Afro-American Demonstrators," 

which appeared in Volume 55, Num- 
ber 1, of the Register. This report 
states that two students, one from 
both the Men's Judicial Board and 
the Woman's College Judicial Board, 

were members of the five-man Hear- 
ing Committee which heard evidence 
and ruled on the charges against 
forty-eight of the black students who 
occupied Allen Building. 

In regard to point two, an item, 
"Discussions Held," in Volume 54, 
Number 7, of the Register reported 
that black students and the admin- 
istration had been meeting exten- 
sively since the fall of 1968 to dis- 
cuss twelve "points of interest" 
raised by the black students. In ad- 
dition, background information on 
meetings between the administration 
and the black students was con- 
tained in the News Register, Volume 
5, Number 4. — Editor. 

I was quite disturbed by your cov- 
erage of the hearing for the Afro- 
American demonstrators (Volume 
55, Number 1 ) , which I hope was 
not an accurate reflection of the atti- 
tudes of those who conducted it. 

For one who has left Duke and 
has no direct knowledge of its prog- 
ress, your article left many doubts. 
Its tone was, to say the least, defen- 
sive. It would seem that merely by 
listing the members of the commit- 
tee and its verdict, you had covered 
a complex situation sufficiently. Why 
was no background given on the Uni- 
versity's attempts to deal with the 
grievances of black students? The 
committee mentioned that progress 
had been allegedly slow, yet no de- 
tails were offered on steps taken to 
remedy this complaint. 

The fact that the committee dis- 
agreed with the means the students 
used to call attention to their dilem- 
ma does not deny the fact of its ex- 
istence. I would hope that Duke 
will not use this occurrence as an ex- 
cuse for inaction. 

The final sentence of the article 
commented that the issue was 
whether "the University is going to 
deal realistically with the problem." 
Your article concentrated on the 
process of dealing to the exc'usion 
of the problem itself. In trying to 
be objective, you unfortunately pre- 
sented an extremely biased and one- 
sided viewpoint. 

Sally Schumacher '65 
Madison, Wisconsin 


Trustee Elections 

I read with interest your resumes 
on the candidates for the Board of 
Trustees. With little reservation, I 
can say that I do not see how 
any of the nominees will be able to 
speak on behalf of the students, nor 
even with them. In light of recent 
student activities across the nation it 
should seem obvious that more open 
lines of communication with stu- 
dents need to be established. 

As a very recent graduate, even I 
have difficulty in communicating 
with today's students. Their goals 
and desires seem often to vary rad- 
ically from those of my class. 

Student power (and a voice in the 
decisions concerning their future) is 
on the upswing. If Duke wants to 
really help educate, it had best make 
attempts to communicate with those 
it hopes to educate. 

Lest you feel that I am only an- 
other disgruntled dropout from so- 
ciety, I reassure you that I am gain- 
fully employed in the pursuit of 
status with a rather large corporation 
and enjoying it immensely. I even 
feel that the "establishment" has 
something to offer today's students 
in the way of a creative environ- 
ment. BUT, I also feel that an insti- 
tution with the prestige and power 
such as Duke should be a leader and 
not led. Only with an "enlightened" 
board can Duke continue to be an 
outstanding University. 

Richard B. Lowe '65 
Chagrin Falls, Ohio 

Recently I read about the Trustee 
Candidates in the Register and re- 
luctantly mailed in my ballot. While 
I do not mean to discredit in any 
way the eight candidates for the 
Board of Trustees, I question whether 
they can understand and respond 
sympathetically to the concerns of 
the Duke community in the 1970's. 

Typically the candidates are busi- 
nessmen in the South; only one is 
involved in academic life, as a col- 
lege president. In addition, every 
single candidate is a native of North 
Carolina, and nearly every man a 

lifelong resident of the south. If 
Duke is to take its place as a uni- 
versity of national standing and not 
just as a "southern school," I think 
greater geographical representation is 

Today students everywhere are 
questioning middle class establish- 
ment values, and universities are in 
a period of crisis. Duke is no ex- 
ception, and I believe we can ex- 
pect serious confrontations between 
a diversified student body and a 
homogenous Board of Trustees. I 
was sorry Duke could not anticipate 
possible problems and propose men 
who would be sensitive to students' 
values and be able to communicate 
with them. Perhaps I am wrong 
about the present candidates — I hope 

Mrs. Nancy D. Kent '59 
Colorado Springs, Colorado 

I have no doubt concerning the 
qualifications of the eight men eligi- 
ble for Duke trusteeship. However, 
I do think that Duke must go a lot 
further than simply revising its 
method of trustee selection. The stu- 
dents, faculty, and administration 
are the people who are daily involved 
in the life of Duke, and they are di- 
rectly affected by decisions made. 
I think that students, faculty, and 
administration are responsible, intel- 
ligent, and experienced enough to 
make decisions at Duke. In fact, I 
feel that they are more qualified than 
trustees, because of their constant 
involvement, to make wise decisions. 
So my one vote is a humble protest 
against the antiquated trustee system 
of university governance as I under- 
stand it. 

My appreciation for having been 
afforded the opportunity to vote, and 
my apologies if I have offended any- 
one personally. Hoping to see my 
alma mater become a leader in the 
struggle for human justice and free- 
dom, I remain your faithful alumnus, 

Donald F. Coursen '67 
Palmyra, New Jersey 

The results of the election of four 
alumni trustees by graduates of the 

University can be found in "East and 
West." — Editor. 

Thanks for the Picture 

I wish to express my deepest ap- 
preciation to Mr. Charles Mill, of 
Pittsboro, North Carolina, and to 
other law students for their efforts in 
helping to raise funds to have a por- 
trait painted of President Nixon to 
hang on the walls of Duke. 

It is certainly regretable that noth- 
ing has ever been done by Duke for 
him before now. I noticed that 
Whittier College was represented at 
the Inauguration. 

I have noticed that Dr. Richard 
Harvill, distinguished Duke alumnus 
and president of the University of 
Arizona, recently presented an hon- 
orary degree to Senator Barry Gold- 
water, which shows that the faculty 
of this large university never con- 
siders politics in honoring its famous 

Mrs. Loren H. Carter '24 
Tucson, Arizona 

Was it the Future 

The papers, "Duke University and 
the Year 2000" (December, 1968), 
probably reveal more about the pres- 
ent than the future. I find their gen- 
eral outlook depressing, and I am not 
surprised that many students feel that 
there is something basically wrong 
with American higher education, if 
that is what these papers are sup- 
posed to represent. 

If Duke leans upon the civilizing 
influence of Professor Handler's ideas 
or Professor McKinney's literary 
style, it leans upon a slender reed. 
In my view, life reduced to science 
is an unweeded garden, and this old 
grad would be reassured to see some 
faculty members say so in the Reg- 
ister — in plain English. Joseph Wood 
Krutch has made the point well 
in the Autumn, 1968, American 

I hope there is a substantial body 
of similar opinion at Duke. 

Paul J. Barringer, Jr., '42 
Sanford, North Carolina 


_ J 

He's a man who's a shrewd judge of value. 
And that's what he gets from his Connecticut 
Mutual life insurance. The highest quality 
coverage at just about the lowest net cost 
(proved in latest industry study, 1948-68). 
That's what shrewd investment is all about. 

Connecticut Mutual Life 
the Blue Chip company 


William D. Beaty, CLU 



George D. Davis, CLU 


Greensboro, N. C. 

James A. Griffin, Jr., CLU 



De Forest Hoge 


New York 

William J. Hogg 



Parks M. King, Jr., CLU 



Earle A. McKeever, II 


Home Office 

Jon R. Schneider 


Des Moines 

</-- V^ 

JfjK&c r 





He's a man who's a shrewd judge of value. 
And that's what he gets from his Connecticut 
Mutual life insurance. The highest quality 
coverage at just about the lowest net cost 
(proved in latest industry study, 1948-68). 
That's what shrewd investment is all about. 

Connecticut Mutual Life 


William D. Beaty, CLU 



George D. Davis, CLU 


Greensboro, N. C. 

James A. Griffin, Jr., CLU 



De Forest Hoge 


New York 

William J. Hogg 



Parks M. King, Jr., CLU 



Earle A. McKeever, II 


Home Office 

Jon R. Schneider 


Des Moines 


August 1969 
Volume 55 Number 3 

In This Issue 



A New Time for the First Time 

Alumni traditionally have gathered on campus during Com- 
mencement for class reunions, meetings of alumni organi- p a g e 
zations, and other activities. This year was an exception. 2 

The Alumni Leadership Conference 

Alumni leaders met for a newly established conference of 
their own during Alumni Weekend and heard speakers talk 
on governance, academic freedom, finances, and alumni. 4 

Constitutional Changes Are Considered 

The General Alumni Association passed a constitutional 
amendment which prepares the way for other changes in 
its constitution, including a new procedure for elections. 10 

Dr. Knight's Last Address to Alumni 

Dr. Douglas M. Knight, whose resignation as University 
President became effective on June 30, gave his final ad- 
dress to alumni: about "The President and the University." 12 

Part of the 95 Per Cent 

It is not an easy task to define the relationship of an alum- 
nus to his University, said Charles B. Wade, chairman of 
the Board of Trustees, in addressing the National Council. 13 

Class Reunions 

Nearly five hundred alumni registered during the weekend 
as they returned to campus for class reunions and attendant 
activities, such as tours of new buildings, lectures, and golf. 15 


East and West Page 20 

The Alumni Almanac Page 26 


Photograph by Thad Sparks 
of Dr. Douglas M. Knight 
speaking at the General 
Alumni Association meeting. 

Editorial Staff 

Harry R. Jackson '57, Editor 

Caroline Carlton John '67, Assistant Editor 

Charlotte Corbin '35, Class Notes 

Department of Alumni Affairs 

Roger L. Marshall '42, Director 
Anne Garrard '25, Assistant Director 

duke alumni REGISTER is published in February, March, May, June, August, September, Novem- 
ber, and December by Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. Subscription rate: $3.00 per 
year. Advertising rates upon request. Change of address should be sent to the Alumni Records Of- 
fice. Second Class postage paid at Duke Station, Durham, North Carolina. © 1969 Duke University. 

Mill i 

A New Time for the First Time 

COMMENCEMENT came and went 
this year without the traditional alumni 
presence on campus. Instead, one week 
later, events were held that signified the 
beginning of what in time will itself 
become a tradition: an annual Alumni 

The formal joining of alumni and 
Commencement took place in 1858 
when the alumni association was or- 
ganized at that year's graduation exer- 
cises. Thereafter, alumni returned to 

the campus at Commencement, which 
already was as much of a social event 
as it was a ritualistic display of erudi- 
tion and all its trappings. 

Circumstances, however, eventually 
made the tradition more of a problem 
than a beneficial function. As the num- 
ber of graduates increased, events as- 
sociated with Commencement began to 
lose much of their intimacy. Cere- 
monial demands upon the time of Uni- 
versity officials practically made it im- 

possible for them to give the attention 
to alumni that they would have liked 
to give. And as the number of return- 
ing alumni increased, the competition 
with parents of seniors for the com- 
munity's hotel and motel facilities be- 
came fierce. 

Now all of that is in the past. This 
year, June 5-8, the week after Com- 
mencement, alumni returned to the 
campus and had it to themselves. They 
also had some air-conditioned dormitory 

*!§|» r^f* 

14 LM 

rooms that previously had been un- 
available to them under the old sched- 
ule. And University staff and faculty 
members were able to participate fully 
in the various activities. 

One of these activities was com- 
pletely new: an Alumni Leadership 
Conference for officers and fund-raisers 
and other alumni in leadership positions. 
In addition, the National Council and 
General Alumni Association held their 
regular meetings; and of course the re- 

union classes came to campus for ac- 
tivities of their own. 

The change in schedule was not with- 
out precedent. Most of the professional 
schools have for several years held suc- 
cessful reunions in conjunction with pro- 
fessional meetings held on campus at 
various times during the academic year. 
Therefore, there was only a minimum 
amount of concern about this year's 
change when the Executive Committee 
of the Duke National Council ap- 

proved it on December 6, 1968. Earlier, 
the reunion committees of the various 
reunion classes had approved the move 
with the stipulation that their approval 
rested upon whether or not the Execu- 
tive Committee approved. 

In creating Alumni Weekend, the 
University and the National Council 
emphasized that the four-day schedule 
was for the involvement of all alumni. 
That involvement is reported on the 
following pages. 

A view by Jim Wallace of the crowd which gathered for the General Alumni Dinner. 

"I i 

rt >tA 

University Governance Dr. Barnes Woodhall 
Academic Freedom Dr. Harold E. Lewis 
University Finance/Charles B. Huestis 
Alumni Organization/Roger L. Marshall 

The Alumni Leadership Conference, 
held on June 6, was an innovative and 
integral part of Alumni Weekend. 
Designed to familiarize an invited group 
of alumni leaders with the structure 
and operation of the University, the 
conference featured four lecturers: 
Dr. Barnes Woodhall, chancellor pro 
tem, who discussed University gov- 
ernance; Dr. Harold W. Lewis, vice 

Some of the leaders who listened. 


provost and dean of arts and sciences, 
who explained academic freedom; 
Charles B. Huestis, vice president for 
business and finance, who reviewed 
University finances; and Roger L. 
Marshall, director of alumni affairs, 
who outlined the relationships and 
functions of the various alumni organi- 
zations. Their lectures are summarized 
in the next six pages. 

THE UNIVERSITY is presently un- 
dertaking a "major study" of the prob- 
lems of University governance, said 
Dr. Barnes Woodhall, who then pre- 
dicted that in the "foreseeable future" 
the president, chancellor, and provost 
would be given voting privileges on the 
University Board of Trustees. He also 
predicted "that a faculty member or 
more, possibly the chairman of the 
Academic Council in any particular 
year, will be a member of the board, 
and [that] the president of the Associ- 
ated Students of Duke University will 

likewise be a member of the board." 

In discussing governance, said Dr. 
Woodhall, one cannot restrict his com- 
ments to any one of the University's 
several constituencies. Instead, "we are 
talking about greater and more respon- 
sible input in the governing process by 
all of our separate constituencies, of 
more intensive communications with 
these constituencies, of more accurate 
monitoring of our enterprises, and of 
greater emphasis upon individual or 

Dr. Woodhall then examined four of 
the University's constituencies: the trus- 
tees, administration, faculty, and stu- 

The University Charter sets the num- 
ber of trustees at thirty-six, twelve of 
whom are elected by the North Caro- 
lina Conference of the Methodist 
Church, twelve by the Western North 
Carolina Conference, and twelve by 
University graduates. However, "no 
person shall be elected a Trustee till he 
has first been recommended by a ma- 
jority of the Trustees present at a reg- 
ular meeting." 

Dr. Woodhall 
A new look for governance 

Of these thirty-six, four are also 
trustees of The Duke Endowment. Two 
of the four are members of the board's 
Executive Committee. 

The trustees, according to the char- 
ter, "shall have power to make such 
rules, regulations and bylaws not incon- 
sistent with the Constitution of the 
United States and of this State, as may 
be necessary for the good government 
of said University and management of 
the property and funds of the same." 
The bylaws further state that "all 
powers of the University shall be 
vested" in the board. 

"The composite background of the 
trustees," said Dr. Woodhall, "does not 
differ substantially from that of repre- 
sentative boards of other major univer- 
sities. In detail, sixteen come from in- 
dustry, five from foundations, four 
from the church, four from the law, two 
from government service, two from 
medicine, one may be described as a 
civic leader, there is one university 
president, and one banker." Three of 
these are female. 

The board conducts its business 

through four standing committees: the 
Executive Committee, Building and 
Grounds Committee, Committee for In- 
stitutional Advancement, and Univer- 
sity Committee. This latter group, said 
Dr. Woodhall, is "where flexibility ex- 
ists for closer relationships with faculty, 
curriculum, and students; and it is a 
fact that this trend is well underway 
with both Faculty-Trustee and Student- 
Trustee Liaison committees operating at 
the present time." 

Turning to the administration, Dr. 
Woodhall pointed out that in regard to 
the senior administrative officers, "there 
have already been substantial changes 
in the job analysis of their responsi- 
bilities in governance." The trustees, 
he said, had accepted the suggestion 
that the internal and external duties of 
the president be divided, "with the new 
office of the chancellor being responsible 
for internal affairs." Also, there has 
been "a reordering of the academic ad- 
ministrative organization that operates 
under the provost." 

At present the faculty of the Uni- 
versity is defined in the bylaws as the 

president, provost, vice presidents, the 
University secretary, deans, professors, 
associate professors, and assistant pro- 
fessors. This definition is currently be- 
ing debated in view of the fact that 
some faculty feel that certain instructors 
should be included as faculty. 

The faculty is represented by the Aca- 
demic Council, and, said Dr. Woodhall, 
"I have been impressed by this faculty's 
willingness to study all and any aspects 
of curriculum, student concerns, and 
University priorities." The faculty com- 
mittee structure, which is determined by 
the faculty, "is being reviewed again as 
a matter of common and widespread in- 

The University's student constituency, 
said Dr. Woodhall, is "organized in three 
broad units related to governance." 
These are the Associated Students of 
Duke University, the judicial boards, 
and the Graduate and Professional Stu- 
dent Association. In addition to these 
bodies, students are represented on Uni- 
versity committees, such as Education 
Facilities, Library Council, Committee 
on Black Studies Program, Curriculum 
Sub-committee of the Committee on Un- 
dergraduate Instruction, and on the se- 
lection committee for a new president. 

These students, said Dr. Woodhall, 
"are perhaps as a minimum two years 
more mature in terms of education 
than their predecessors were ten to fif- 
teen years ago." Their involvement with 
trustee and faculty concerns, said Dr. 
Woodhall, "will perform at least two 
functions. In the first place, their di- 
rect involvement will bring clearly in 
focus their own aspirations and will 
give them the opportunity to debate 
their own reactions to the world in 
which they live. In the second place 
. . . they will attain a more realistic 
and sophisticated appreciation of the 
problems of governance. If their new 
place in governance remains both ener- 
getic and rational, this University will 

In conclusion, Dr. Woodhall said 
that "it is quite evident to all of us that 
University governance will flounder 
without an insistence upon individual 
self-governance by all parties con- 



^mm * 

- - ? l ^n3- 

A i 


v Br 
i 11 


Dr. Lewis 
PFAere w/7/ ?/ie rea/ threat come from 

"Not as protection for an individual or for an 
institution, but as a benefit to society." 

THE REAL THREAT to academic 
freedom in the future may "not come 
from capricious administrations," said 
Dr. Harold W. Lewis, "but from a 
breakdown of rational discourse among 
members of the university community." 
He cited as an instance of this during 
the past year the students at a state 
university who entered "classes they 
were not enrolled in to take issue with 
the views of the professors and disrupt 
the classes." This, he said, "reminds 
one of the universities of Nazi Germany 
in the 1930's, where students disrupted 
the classes of professors whose political 
views they did not agree with." 

Nevertheless, Dr. Lewis believes that 
the tradition of academic freedom 
established in this country is strong 
enough to survive such attacks — whether 
they come from within or outside the 
educational community. 

"The modern meaning of academic 
freedom in America," said Dr. Lewis, 
"has evolved from a series of state- 
ments by the American Association of 
University Professors, endorsed by nu- 
merous other professional associations, 
beginning around 1915." These state- 
ments, he said, "have all been designed 
to promote public understanding of the 

concept of academic freedom not as pro- 
tection for an individual or for an in- 
stitution, but as a benefit to society." 

A 1940 statement by the AAUP, 
which perhaps is the most definitive, 
was summarized by Dr. Lewis in the 
following three points: "freedom in re- 
search and publication of the results; 
freedom in the classroom in discussing 
the teacher's subject, but with care not 
to teach controversial matter having 
no relation to his subject; and freedom 
to act as any citizen without fear of in- 
stitutional censorship or reprisal. The 
statement," said Dr. Lewis, "carried a 
warning on the last of these, that the 
public may interpret a teacher's views as 
those of his profession or institution, 
and that therefore he should be ac- 
curate, should exercise appropriate re- 
straint, should show respect for the 
views of others, and that he should 
make every effort to indicate that he is 
not an institutional spokesman." 

Dr. Lewis expanded on this statement 
by quoting from Fritz Machlup, who 
wrote that "academic freedom consists 
in the absence of, or protection from, 
such restraints or pressures ... as are 
designed to create in the minds of aca- 
demic scholars (teachers, research 

workers, and students in colleges and 
universities) fears and anxieties that 
may inhibit them from freely studying 
and investigating whatever they are in- 
terested in, and from freely discussing, 
teaching, or publishing whatever opin- 
ions they have reached." 

Although he did not go into the issue 
of student academic freedom in detail, 
Dr. Lewis did say "that academic free- 
dom has been more explicitly defined 
for students, all the way from protec- 
tion of freedom of expression, against 
improper evaluation, and against im- 
proper disclosure of student beliefs and 
associations, to defining means for stu- 
dent participation in the formulation 
and application of regulations affecting 

In regard to the faculty, the primary 
means of protecting academic freedom 
is faculty tenure. "After a probationary 
period not to exceed seven years," said 
Dr. Lewis, "a faculty member is granted 
life-time tenure and can be discharged 
only for neglect of duty, misconduct, 
or financial exigency." 

Although "tenure bestows a measure 
of financial security on its faculty . . . , 
this is not the main reason for granting 
it. Rather, it is granted for the same 
reason Supreme Court judges are not 
removed for currently unpopular de- 
cisions. They are and should be insu- 
lated from the pressures of the day if 
they are to make decisions which in 
their minds are the correct ones." 

In order to protect the faculty mem- 
ber from administrative encroachment 
on his prerogatives, the AAUP main- 
tains a list of institutions which it has 
censured for in some way abusing the 
principles of academic freedom, tenure, 
and procedural due process. 

Duke, like many institutions, has a 
standing faculty Committee on Aca- 
demic Freedom and Tenure "to hear 
cases which might arise. Fortunately," 
said Dr. Lewis, "the committee has had 
essentially no cases to consider, for the 
University has tried to be fair and 
square on procedures and to respect 
the academic freedom of the faculty." 

We,, are not able to do all of the things that we would like to do on this campus." 

"THE FACT is," said Charles B. Hues- 
tis, "that we are not able to do all of 
the things that we would like to do on 
this campus. The dollars are limited 
and priorities have to be established." 

The fact that these priorities are be- 
ing tightened reflects what Mr. Huestis 
called "Duke's budget crunch" — an ex- 
perience which also is occurring 
throughout the country at other major 
universities. This situation, he said, 
has been created at Duke by several 
factors, the first of which is an "ex- 
plosion of knowledge that has resulted 
in the addition or broadening of pro- 
grams — all with associated cost." 

The second factor he cited was "the 
strengthening of the Duke faculty. We 
have achieved and maintained a position 
on the American Association of Uni- 
versity Professor's 'A' scale of com- 
pensation for our faculty," he said, 
"and only twenty-two private colleges 
and universities hold this position to- 

Another factor putting a strain on the 
budget is "simultaneous obsolescence," 
said Mr. Huestis. "A large part of our 
campus was constructed in a very short 
period of time with the result that ob- 
solescence has descended on us in an 
equally compacted period of time." He 
pointed out that "a great deal of money 
has been spent on the renovation of 
our physical plant, but we still have a 
tremendous task ahead of us." 

The fourth factor in the budget 
crunch, said Mr. Huestis, "is the infla- 
tionary spiral and the increased cost of 
everything we buy, use, contract for, and 
perform ourselves with our own em- 
ployee force." He specifically men- 
tioned the rising wage scale for non- 
academic employees. "The plain fact 
of the matter," he said, "is that costs 
have grown far more rapidly than our 
income resources." 

Another factor in the tightening bud- 
get is the "increase of support services." 
The growth of the University and the 
increasing complexity of the world we 
live in call for more sophisticated 
methods in the area of management. 

Mr. Huestis then listed some of the 
changes that have been introduced. 

In the material support department, 
he said, "we have completely new sys- 
tems in our buying procedures and in 
our inventory control systems that en- 
able us ... to control our inventory at 
minimum levels and still to have things 
there that the campus community needs 
at the time they need them." 

The University architect's office is 
"giving much closer attention, much 
closer control, to the quality of construc- 
tion in our building and also trying to 
give much closer attention to the sched- 
uling of the buildings themselves. . . . 
We have our own inspectors." said Mr. 
Huestis. "to daily inspect every build- 
ing project. ..." 

New procedures introduced into the 
accounting department "give manage- 
ment of the University as well as the 
Board of Trustees greatly increased 
. . . control." Also, "we now for the 
first time at Duke have a professional 
personnel department, one that we really 
didn't have as recently as a year ago." 

"Without these tools." said Mr. Hues- 

tis, "we would have such a morass of 
inefficiency, we would be so devoid of 
information for decision-making, that 
our ability to operate on a day-to-day 
basis would be seriously impaired. We 
would be buried beneath the weight of 
our own hand-written ledgers of yester- 

Although he acknowledged that the 
installation of such procedures is ex- 
pensive, Mr. Huestis said that they al- 
ready are "paying off." 

In conclusion, he explained that "as 
we develop our people and our systems, 
we will be doing a better job with 
fewer dollars per student in some areas 
and absorbing increased work loads and 
providing increased services without 
proportionate dollar increases in other 
areas." However, "we certainly cannot 
afford to lessen in the area of fund 
raising," he said. "The completion of 
the Ford Matching Grant and the Fifth 
Decade Program will not mark the end 
of our need of support from the friends 
of Duke University. There will be a 
sixth decade in the life of Duke, and it 
must be provided for." 

The dollars are limited 

"It is through these 
alumni organizations that 
alumni have an opportunity 
to participate jnost 

ELEVEN ALUMNI met in 1858 to 
form the institution's first alumni as- 
sociation; now the association has ap- 
proximately 43,000 members who are 
"actively enrolled on the roster of 
alumni," said Roger L. Marshall. 

This association, now known as the 
General Alumni Association, is "the all- 
encompassing body to which all Duke 
alumni belong," said Mr. Marshall as he 
discussed the patterns of alumni organi- 
zation. Under this "umbrella," as he 
called it, are seven school and college 
alumni associations — those for the 
School of Medicine, School of Law, 
Forestry School, Woman's College, 
School of Engineering, School of Nurs- 
ing, and the Divinity School. (Trinity 
College and the Graduate School have 
not formed individual associations.) 

The executive body of this organiza- 
tion is the Duke University National 
Council, a body of approximately 200 
members who Mr. Marshall said "are 
representative of the entire alumni con- 
stituency." The membership is com- 
posed of the president and vice presi- 
dents of the General Alumni Association 
(ex officio) ; a class representative from 
each of the graduated classes; the presi- 
dent of each local Duke alumni associa- 
tion; the presidents and secretaries of 
the seven school and college alumni as- 
sociations (ex officio) : the presidents 
of the senior classes of Trinity College, 

Now more than eve. 

Woman's College, and the School of 
Engineering (ex officio); the president 
of the Associated Students of Duke Uni- 
versity and the presidents of analogous 
organizations in the professional schools 
(ex officio); one faculty representative 
from each of the schools and colleges; 
two representatives each from the class 
agents and area chairmen of the Loy- 
alty Fund; fifteen representatives-at- 
large; and the director of alumni affairs 
(ex officio) . 

The National Council then has an 
Executive Committee of fifteen people, 
twelve of whom are elected by the coun- 
cil membership. "Customarily," said 
Mr. Marshall, "the Executive Com- 
mittee meets twice a year." 

The purposes of the National Coun- 
cil, and by inference all the other 
alumni organizations, said Mr. Marshall, 
are: "to enlist the support of active 
alumni, the faculty, and as large a 
group of friends as possible; to promote 
the work of the alumni office in all its 
phases; to encourage and promote gifts 
and bequests; to serve as an established 
medium through which the trustees can 
make known the vital needs of the Uni- 
versity; to maintain a program designed 
to promote an interest generally in the 
affairs of the University; and to en- 
courage young men and women students 
of unusual promise." 

These alumni organizations are able 
to utilize the resources of the depart- 
ment of alumni affairs in achieving 
these purposes; and the alumni depart- 
ment is itself organized along three 
main lines of endeavor: the Loyalty 
Fund, alumni activities, and alumni 

The Loyalty Fund, said Mr. Mar- 
shall, was organized in 1947 "to pro- 
duce for the University each year an 
annual and reasonably predictable in- 
come that would be essentially unre- 
stricted, that could be used by the of- 
ficers of the University for whatever 
would be to the greatest advantage of 
the educational programs of the Uni- 
versity." This, he said, "has enabled 
the University to do many things that 
perhaps it could not have done other- 
wise." He also declared that "it is clear 
to us that this is going to be an in- 
creasingly important source of income." 
The alumni activities program, he ex- 
plained, "concerns itself with class re- 

unions, local association programs," 
and other events which bring alumni 
together. It is a program which at- 
tempts to make alumni organizations 
"effective and productive instruments." 

The publications program consists of 
periodicals and support literature which 
"are the principle means of communi- 
cating with an alumni body that is 
spread throughout the country perhaps 
to a greater degree than that of any 
comparable institution." Periodicals in- 
clude the Alumni Register, sent to all 
contributors to the Loyalty Fund; Alum- 
ni News Register, sent to all alumni; 
and newsletters for the various schools 
and colleges which are sent to alumni of 
the issuing school or college. 

In closing, Mr. Marshall emphasized 
that "it is through these alumni organi- 
zations that alumni have an opportunity 
to participate most effectively in the 
affairs of the University and to be an 
influential force in the course of events 
on and off the campus." There probably 
has never been a time, he said, when 
"alumni participation has been so 
greatly needed and so critical as it is 

Seven Are Honored 

In addition to the lectures, those in 
attendance at the Alumni Leadership 
Conference were present at a Friday 
dinner when seven alumni were cited by 
the General Alumni Association for 
their outstanding individual efforts in 
various areas of alumni work, and 
cited, too, as representatives of all those 
persons working in their particular area. 

Those receiving citations from the 
association president, J. Alexander 
McMahon, were: Alan Raywid, for 
alumni admissions committees; LeRoy 
E. Graham, for class agents; Frank T. 
deVyver, for University speakers; Dr. 
Melvin D. Small, for area chairmen; 
Linwood B. Hollowell, Jr., for class 
organizations; William T. Buice, HI, 
for local associations; and Dr. Frank 
L. Beckel, for anniversary class gift 

The alumni leaders also were wel- 
comed to the University at a Friday 
luncheon by Vice President Frank 
Ashmore and received later in the day 
at University House by President and 
Mrs. Douglas M. Knight. 

The awards dinner for alumni leaders. 

The reception at University House. 


ElEfflt AltJII A 


Head Table at the General Alumni Dinner 
Standing: McMahon, Knight, and Fox 


Constitutional Changes Are Considered 

MEMBERS of the General Alumni As- 
sociation amended that organization's 
constitution during Alumni Weekend to 
permit amendments to be made by 
mailed ballot. Previously, amendments 
could only be made by members at- 
tending the association's annual meet- 

The change is expected to prepare 
the way for other constitutional changes 
that include the competitive election of 
officers by mailed ballot and clarifica- 
tion of the relationship between the 
association and the National Council. 

These and other proposals have been 
under consideration by a Constitutional 
Review Committee headed by Alvin O. 
Moore '34, LLB '36. The committee 
was appointed last December by J. 
Alexander McMahon '42, president of 
the General Alumni Association. 

The amendment unanimously adopted 
at the June 7 meeting states: "The Con- 
stitution may be amended at any annual 
meeting by a majority vote of two- 
thirds of the members present and vot- 
ing, providing there are more than fifty 
members present; or it may be amended 
by a majority vote of two-thirds of the 
members voting in a mail ballot, pro- 
viding 30 days shall be allowed for re- 
turning ballots. The officers of the As- 
sociation shall determine the method of 
submitting proposed amendments to the 

The changes under consideration will 
allow a more representative group of 

alumni to participate in the association's 
activities, for less than a thousand 
alumni customarily are in attendance 
at the annual meeting. 

New Officers 

Other major business to come before 
the association was the election of new 
officers. These were: Mr. McMahon, 
president; P. J. Baugh '54, of Charlotte, 
North Carolina, vice president; Ray J. 
Tysor '21, of Greensboro. North Caro- 
lina, vice president; and Alex Copeland, 
Jr., '37, of Charlotte, vice president. 

Mr. McMahon, of Chapel Hill, North 
Carolina, had not served a full term as 
president during the past year since he 
assumed office upon the death of 
Thomas F. Hewitt '28, of Kinston, 
North Carolina, who had been elected 
president at the 1968 annual meeting. 

Elected to the Athletic Council was 
John A. Yarborough '41, MD '44, of 
Maryville, Tennessee. 

Knight's Address 

The most dramatic moment in the 
evening meeting came when University 
President Douglas M. Knight, whose 
resignation became effective June 30, 
stood to make his final address as presi- 
dent to a body of Duke alumni. [A 
partial text of his remarks can be found 
on page 12.] Once he had concluded — 
after having spoken perhaps more 

frankly than he had felt free to do in 
the past — he was given a standing ova- 
tion by association members. 

Since 1899 

The constitution being studied by the 
Constitutional Review Committee was 
adopted in 1899 and has been amended 
only twice since that time: once in 
1926 and again in 1948. 

The committee, which is composed 
of alumni representatives from each 
school and college, met twice during the 
past year. One of the meetings was 
with the Executive Committee of the 
National Council. 

Anniversary Gifts 

The anniversary reunion classes pre- 
sented their class gifts to the Loyalty 
Fund, and these were accepted on be- 
half of the University by President 

Linwood B. Hollowell, Jr., repre- 
senting the Class of 1959, presented 
$7,252 from 293 donors; Dr. Rufus 
Hambright, of the Class of 1944, an- 
nounced $34,151 from 245 donors; and 
Dr. Robert Fox, from the Class of 1919, 
presented $1,465 from 34 donors. 

This year's meeting of the association 
was moved from its customary location 
in West Campus Union to the Indoor 
Stadium, where a reception was held 
prior to the dinner and business session. 


Excerpts from Dr. Knight's Final Address to Alumni 

... I would say that the university 
president has always in some way been 
a political figure with several constit- 
uencies. He does not, if he has any 
sense, run for office; the office runs after 
him. The fact remains that once he has 
been chosen for it, he finds himself re- 
sponsible not just to the party that has 
elected him, but to every party that 
thinks it has a legitimate interest in the 
affairs of the institution. The number 
of those parties has grown very much in 
recent years. The whole question of uni- 
versity governance discussed so much in 
the press is the actual question of who 
is determined to have a piece of the ac- 
tion. It is not just undergraduates who 
seem, in an unruly way, to want a piece 
of the action. The faculty feels it wants 
a larger piece of the action. It wants a 
share in more than the curriculum; it 
wants a share in the total operation of 
the university. The graduates want a 
share. The trustees who have the final 
legal responsibility, feel that they need 
to have a wider and deeper involvement 
in the total enterprise. The general public 
(given the growing nature of university 
service to the country at large in the last 
quarter century) has a stake and there- 
fore is part of the constituency of a 
university president these days. But no- 
body in his right mind could claim that 
these groups are usually or even are very 
often in easy agreement with one an- 
other. They are not. When the country 
itself is under the stress that the country 
is then the various publics that the 
university president has to serve are go- 
ing to be under stress too. These publics 
quite naturally are going to treat the uni- 
versity president the way they treat all 
other political figures — as the man who 
ought to be responsive to their interests 
and to their needs. They are going to 
call him into question very quickly if he 
is not. 

The one thing a university president 
does not have that a major political 
figure does have is a certain degree of 
protection, both in the dailv affairs of 
life and in the sense that he is appointed 
for a certain period of time. That is not 
unimportant at the moment. I believe 
that presidencies are no longer jobs which 
can be done for limitless periods. The 
days are past when a man could be presi- 
dent of a college for 20 to 30 years. A 
president is now so exposed that he is 
not very likely to be able to survive pro- 
fessionally for external reasons, let alone 
the internal reasons of his own physical 
being. He does not have a chance to 
serve four years and then have his ca- 
reer reviewed for another four years. 
In manv cases it is subject to review on 
ten minutes' notice, or as soon as a meet- 
ine of the Board can be called, or as soon 
as there are a thousand people marching 
up the road. There are various kinds of 
review, and a university president is sub- 
ject to them all. . . . 

There is one final kind of pressure on 
the university president: all of them are 
open to almost inevitable misunderstand- 
ing of what they think, what they are, 
what they do. For this reason they have 

jobs of great authority. But in fact they 
do not have the power that goes with that 
authority. Often I have had one group 
or another say to me, "You could do 
this or that if only you would. Why 
don't you do so and so?" They did not 
realize that even if I had agreed with 
them completely in their request or 
demand, or whatever they called it, I 
literally did not have the power to act 
as they would have wished me to act. 
That ranges all the way from trustees 
who say "You have the authority to do 
so," to members of the student body who 
have said to me at times in their wistful 
youth, "By a stroke of the pen you could 
change this and make it all right, sweet 
and good again." 

In each case, there is a confusion of 
authority with power. University presi- 
dents are not people of power; they are 
people of authority. Those are quite 
different things. Authority is open to 
constant misunderstanding, to constant 
pressure. If that difference is recognized, 
presidents might be treated differently. 
They would not be put under intolerable 
pressure to do what they do not have the 
power to do. Presidents have often been 
destroyed in the past two or three years 
by that difficulty, by a demand that they 
could not in any way meet. 

This demand can come from any part 
of their constituency. One of my close 
friends was demolished as a president 
this spring because his faculty refused to 
go along with him in a decision about 
ROTC. They said afterward, "We 
weren't censuring you, we were only dis- 
agreeing with the position." They did 
not realize that once they had disagreed 
with his position, they had destroyed 
his effectiveness. It can be a board of 
trustees, it can be a student body, it can 
be any group that does not realize how 
much power it has in its own hands, 
power that can be used creatively or de- 
structively. The president cannot stop 
such a group, if it chooses to use its 
power destructively. . . . 

I would like to suggest this for the 
future of American universities: that the 
game is only half played out. There is 
going to have to be a restructuring of 
the whole idea of university govern- 
ment, so that those who have both the 
authority and true power in various 
areas take the responsibility that goes 
along with their power. . . . All of us — 
faculty, students, trustees, and alumni — 
must learn to live with the consequences 
of what we do. We must not act and then 
say, "Ah, but it is somebody else's final 
responsibility." There must be an under- 
standing of university government that 
ties authority, power and responsibility 

There also has to be a better, less 
sentimental and less hysterical view of 
universities themselves. Society has ex- 
pected much of universities in the last 
25 years. Frankly, universities have 
claimed a little too much for themselves 
in society. We have claimed, as univer- 
sities, that we could do most things, 
that we could remedy most ills, that we 
could meet most needs. I question now 

whether this is the case. There is a 
great deal we can do; there are enor- 
mous services we can perform. But we 
are not substitutes for the church, we 
are not substitutes for city government, 
we are not substitutes for anything else. 
We are still universities, the places of 
teaching and learning. We have our im- 
pact on the life of the mind and the 
spirit, and we must recover that central 
understanding. We must not be con- 
fused into a hundred other purposes. In 
these last few years we have been con- 
fused in times when it has done us seri- 
ous damage. 

I think finally, if I can speak as a re- 
tiring president, we need to understand 
together one thing that any president 
worth his salt has known all along. In- 
stitutions are vital and permanent, and 
thank heavens, very tough. Individuals 
have the privilege of serving institutions 
for a certain time, as far as their talents 
will let them serve, within the limits of a 
period of history that may be rough or 
smooth. We have the privilege of serving 
a place. If we are worth anything, we 
recognize the importance of the place and 
the unimportance of ourselves. . . . 

What we have to remember is that 
each of us has his share to contribute, 
and not one of us is more than a small 
part, at best, in the life of the place. I 
get very impatient with those who say, 
"Unless the university does exactly what 
I want, I am not going to support it." No 
university I have ever worked for has 
done exactly what I wanted, and yet I 
have gone on working for it. I never 
thought it should be the image of my- 
self. I thought it should have certain 
patterns, but if it were exactly the way I 
wanted it would be my idea of heaven. 
(I would not be able to get in, and that 
would be discouraging.) I do not have 
much regard for people who say "I am 
going to wait until it is perfect by my 
definition and then I will support it." 

That is not the way to operate. Those 
whom I regard highly are those who say: 
"I don't like this and that. I didn't like 
certain things when I was an under- 
graduate. I don't like them now. There 
will be things I won't like 20 years from 
now. But I am going to work for the 
things I do like and I am going to make 
those things better and more important 
in the life of the place. I can do that 
if I support it. I can never do it if I 
spend my energy criticizing or withhold- 
ing my support." 

Withholding support is hardly a way 
to influence a place, and those who try 
it that way merely defeat themselves. 
They may temporarily deflect the course 
of an institution. They can not destroy 
it in the long run no matter how hard 
they try. But what you can do, if you 
love a place, is to shape it and direct it 
by the support you give. I must say that 
I hope for myself, as a privilege in what 
I trust will be some long years to come, 
the opportunity of serving this Univer- 
sity, by finding things to care about and 
help with. This is the sense in which 
alumni both leave their university and 
never leave it. . . . 


The National Council: 

PAR! IF « 

"DEFINING the relationship between 
university and alumni is not . . . simple," 
said Charles B. Wade, Jr., '38, chair- 
man of the University Board of Trus- 
tees, as he addressed the June 7 lunch- 
eon meeting of the Duke National 
Council. However, "as alumni of Duke, 
we have the obligation to be ever mind- 
ful of the normal, of the real, not of the 
freak-out 5 per cent. 

"The 5 per cent will continue to make 
the headlines," he added, "but it will be 
mainly the other 95 per cent who will be 
the ones to make the contribution to 
their fellow humans. It will be the large 
group that will follow Dr. William 
Preston Few's admonition to alumni 
that through their own lives and ac- 
complishments they can help an institu- 
tion greatly and exert upon its course a 
real and beneficial influence to all man- 

Wade Addressing the Council 
Defining the relationship is not simple 


Loyalty Fund Passes Previous Year's Total 

The report of greatest interest at the June 7 
National Council meeting concerned the 1968- 
69 Loyalty Fund Campaign. 

William B. Jennings, Jr., director of annual 
giving (see page 26), said that it had indeed been 
an "unusual" year in view of campus inci- 
dents. Alumni, he explained, were uncertain 
and in some cases discontented over disrup- 
tions which occurred not only at Duke but at 
other institutions around the nation. 

The fact that the Fifth Decade Campaign 
was at its peak during the past year and that 
the Loyalty Fund was conducted with a short- 
age of staff members also affected the 1968-69 
campaign, he said. 

He reported that as of June 7 the Loyalty 
Fund had received $738,501.47 from 11,863 
donors toward a goal of one million dollars. 

This, he noted, was considerably below the 
previous year. 

In closing, however, he pointed out that the 
campaign ran until June 30 and that early 
returns indicated "a recent and gratifying spurt 
of support" to the final solicitation mailing. 

As things developed, his optimism could 
have been even greater, for between June 7 
and June 30 the Loyalty Fund jumped to 
$814,162.11 from 12,789 donors, a figure 
which surpassed the previous year's total of 

A final report is now being prepared and 
will be sent to all alumni prior to the launching 
of the 1969-70 campaign. As adopted by the 
National Council, the coming Loyalty Fund 
Campaign will have a goal of one million dol- 

"This can be a real role for alumni," 
said Mr. Wade. "We cannot run the 
University and very few harbor this de- 
sire. Most of us simply want to be a 
part of a large, more magnanimous in- 
tellectual and humanitarian effort and to 
take pride and derive satisfaction in a 
properly conducted enterprise." 

New Officers 

Mr. Wade's comments preceded a 
council business meeting which fea- 
tured the election of new officers, re- 
ports from the various areas of alumni 
activity, and the induction of two hon- 
orary members. 

John A. Forlines '39, of Granite 
Falls, North Carolina, was elected chair- 
man for 1969-70. Others elected were: 
Richard G. Connar '41, MD '44, of 
Tampa, Florida, vice chairman; Ex- 
ecutive Committee members Charles S. 
Murphy '31, LLB '34, LLD '67, of 
Annapolis, Maryland, Aurelia Gray El- 
ler (Mrs. John D.) '54, of Winston- 
Salem, North Carolina, and Frederick 
C. Frostick, Jr., '43, PhD '51, of 
Charleston, West Virginia. 

Elected members-at-large were: Mr. 
Forlines, Alex Copeland, Jr., '37, of 
Charlotte, North Carolina, C. Howard 
Hardesty, Jr., '43, of Greenwich, Con- 


necticut, Mrs. Isobel Craven Martin '37, 
of Lexington, North Carolina, and John 
Hamrick '34, of Gaffney, South Caro- 


M. Laney Funderburk, alumni secre- 
tary, reported to the council that sixty 
different local Duke alumni associations 
had held seventy-one meetings during 
the past year in twenty different states 
and in 15 North Carolina cities. This 
represents "an increased effort" in the 
area of local associations, he said. 

The greatest change in the area of 
alumni activities, however, is reflected 
in the rescheduling of the usual alumni 
Commencement events to Alumni Week- 
end, a move that promises more alumni 
participation in the future. 

Mr. Funderburk also mentioned such 
activities as Homecoming and reunions 
and annual meetings for the classes and 
associations of the various schools and 

Robert T. Simpson, assistant to the 
director of undergraduate admissions, 
reviewed the work of the alumni ad- 
missions committees, stating that since 
the program's inception in 1963 the 
committees have increased from seven 
to 135. Committees are found in forty 
states and involve the efforts of some 

900 alumni who last year interviewed 
3,300 prospective students. 

Their purpose, he said, is "to pro- 
vide a resource center for candidates 
for admission in their own community" 
and to provide the University informa- 
tion about the candidate. Committee 
members also serve as "college day" 
representatives when such programs are 
held in high schools throughout the 

Harry R. Jackson, editor of alumni 
publications, reported that this office in 
the alumni department handles two 
types of publications: periodicals and 
support literature. 

Periodicals include the Register, 
which is sent to Loyalty Fund con- 
tributors, the News Register, sent to all 
alumni, and various school and college 
newsletters sent to alumni of the par- 
ticular school or college. 

Honorary Members 

Mrs. William Preston Few, widow of 
the first president of Duke University, 
and R. Dillard Teer, Jr., a former chair- 
man of the Duke-Durham Program of 
the Loyalty Fund, were inducted into 
the council as honorary members in 
recognition of their services and devo- 
tion to the University. They had been 
elected by the council in December. 



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Half Century Club 

CLASS reunions and the nostalgia which attends 
them have always attracted a large number of 
alumni back to the campus along with other 
alumni who return for the more general events. 
This year was no exception. 

The reunion classes and their chairmen were: 
Half Century Club (S. L. Gulledge, St., '15), Fiftieth 
Anniversary Class of 1919 (Martha Ward Isaacs, An- 
nie Lou Beavers Neal, and Imogene Hix Ausbon), the 
joint reunion classes of 1933-36 (Frank J. Sizemore, 
Jr., '36), the Twenty-fifth Year Anniversary Class of 
1944 (Dr. Gordon M. Carver), the joint reunion 
classes of 1953-55 (Richard Maxwell BSME '55), and 
the Tenth Anniversary Reunion Class of 1959 (Lin- 
wood B. Hollowell, Jr.). 


Class of 1919 

... ': ., 

Golf Tournament 

Engineering Alumni Luncheon 

Class of 1959 

Tour of the Phytotron 

Classes of 1S53-55 






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Classes of 1933-36 

Walking Tour of the Library 

Inspection of Gross Chemistry Building 

Class of 1944 

*L.*r t < 

"NO VALEDICTIONS today. I can 
say little to you; I have said all I really 
have in me. But please try to hold the 
best of this place always in your hearts. 
It is imperfect, difficult, like other uni- 
versities full of unmet needs and un- 
solved problems. Please think of it, 
though, as I shall think — with special 
affection and constant desire to help it 
become the great place it can be and 
must be, and in many ways is already. 
It has served you well; do not take it 
lightly, and above all never forget it. 

I have no power to give blessing but I 
can ask it, for each of you, and for the 
University that helps all of us to be a 
little more effective, humane, civilized, 
in a world that so desperately needs 
those qualities." 

With these words, Dr. Douglas M. 
Knight closed the University's one hun- 
dred and seventeenth Commencement 
Exercises on June 2, and closed, too, 
his own career at Duke. There would 
be other public appearances for him — 
most notably at the General Alumni 
Association meeting — before his resig- 
nation became effective on June 30, but 
this was his final appearance before 
faculty and students as President of the 
University he had headed for six years. 
As he concluded and turned back to his 
seat on the stage that had been erected 
in the Indoor Stadium, the faculty, stu- 

Jim Wallace photographed the photog- 
raphers after Baccalaureate. 

dents, and spectators arose to give him 
a long and loud ovation. 

This was the climactic moment in a 
Commencement that seemed curiously 
anticlimactic. After the occupation of 
Allen Building in February, and then all 
the events which followed, there seemed 
to be an atmosphere of exhaustion on 
campus, an emotional weariness. A dis- 
ruption of the exercises, which some 
persons felt might occur, never material- 
ized. Instead, some students quietly 
handed out unsigned handbills at the 
entrances to the stadium. This litera- 
ture objected to what it portrayed as the 
University's complicity in society's dis- 
crimination against women and the 
propagation of racism, militarism, and 
poverty. ". . . Many of us do not greet 
graduation . . . with much enthusiasm," 
said the handbills, "and we feel we must 
take this opportunity to articulate why." 
It was a subdued articulation. 

A bomb threat — which no longer is 
an unusual occurrence — was not allowed 
to disrupt the exercises, for the Uni- 
versity had secured the building be- 
forehand. This lesson had been learned 
at Commencement in 1967 when such a 
threat forced the evacuation of some 
8,000 persons from the stadium. 

As information about the threat was 
relayed to Dr. Knight, Angier Biddle 
Duke, great-grandson of Washington 
Duke, continued his Commencement ad- 
dress to the 1,500 graduates. The United 
States, he said, should cut military 

spending in Europe and other foreign 
areas in the interest of more flexible 
and realistic diplomatic efforts. He 
called for a new balance between the 
nation's departments of state and de- 

Although the retired ambassador and 
former chief of protocol expressed con- 
cern "about the hand upon the sword," 
he scorned what he termed "those far- 
out theories that the Pentagon is going 
to take over our society." 

"A great power's credibility in the 
area of foreign policy," he said, "rests 
upon the twin pillars of military and 
domestic strength." 

Mr. Duke was one of seven men to 
receive honorary degrees at the exer- 
cises. Others were: Jerome S. Bruner, 
a Harvard University psychologist; Wil- 
liam M. Fairbank, a Stanford Univer- 
sity physicist; Bishop Earl G. Hunt, Jr., 
of the Western North Carolina Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Church; Maynard 
Mack, Sterling Professor of English at 
Yale University; Asa T. Spaulding, re- 
tired president of the North Carolina 
Mutual Life Insurance Company; and 
Rudolf Wittkower, professor of art his- 
tory at Columbia University. 

On the preceding day, Sunday, Dr. 
Knight had delivered the Baccalaureate 
sermon, stating that the "violence of 
hate" can only be countered by the 
"opposite yet equal violence of love." 

"Love," he said, "can exist only when 
the mind and heart are open. This is 


its clearest difference from hate, which 
works in a closed world, often in a mob, 
impersonally except for glorification of 
the self. Love glorifies something else — 
someone else. True hate cannot risk 
that because if you see the glory in 
someone else, you must do it by measur- 
ing, judging, and disciplining yourself." 

This openness, he said, leads to the 
"first great violence of love," the fact 
that the open mind "cannot tolerate the 
unexamined and unchallenged ego." 
Such a confrontation of self "leads to a 
second violence of love which turns in 
indignation upon the complacent world, 
the world of pretense and blindness 
about genuine human need." 

With this indignation "love can never 
tolerate the false, the shoddy, the merely 
political or expedient in human life. . . . 
The eye and mind of love must look 
for what is excellent and never for what 
is merely advantageous." 

"If we are truly responsive to people, 
to ideas, to beliefs, then we cannot be 
neutral, we cannot be passive," said Dr. 
Knight. "If we try to create something, 
we cannot be casual in the face of an 
uncaring or destructive world." And 
this, finally, "is the true violence of 
love," he said, "that it creates goodness 
and excellence in the midst of horror, 
confusion, mediocrity." 

Looking for a President 

The eighteen-member Presidential 
Search Committee, appointed in the 
spring to find a successor to former 
President Douglas M. Knight, has 
elected a smaller group, the Review 
Committee, which will meet more fre- 
quently than the full committee and 
make detailed reviews of the credentials 
of candidates recommended for Uni- 
versity president. 

Appointed to the Review Committee 
were J. Alex McMahon, of Chapel Hill, 
North Carolina, alumni representative 
and president of the General Alumni 
Association; trustees, George V. Allen, 
of Washington, D. C, Miss Nancy 
Hanks, of New York City, Dr. Merri- 
mon Cuninggim, of St. Louis, Missouri, 
W. M. Upchurch, of New York City, 
and Dr. Wilson O. Weldon, of Nash- 
ville, Tennessee; faculty representatives, 
Dr. William H. Cartwright, Dr. John 
C. McKinney, and Dr. David V. Martin. 


Honorary Degree Recipients 
Duke, Bruner, Fairbank, Spaulding, Hunt, Wittkower, Mack 

Robert C. Feldman, president of the 
Associated Students of Duke University, 
will be the student representative to the 

Charles B. Wade, chairman of the 
Board of Trustees, in announcing the 
Review Committee, pointed out that 
there has been strong interest in the 
nomination of candidates displayed by 
various constituencies of the University. 
He said that suggestions are welcome 
from all sources, particularly faculty, 
alumni, students, the two North Caro- 
lina Conferences of the United Meth- 
odist Church, and the Durham-Chapel 
Hill communities. 

Recommendations should be sent to 
Dr. David Martin, executive secretary 
of the Presidential Search Committee 
in room 127, Allen Building. 

Anlyan New Vice President 

Duke University trustees have cre- 
ated a vice presidency for health af- 
fairs and have elected Dr. William G. 
Anlyan to fill the new post. 

Prior to this time, he has held the 
dual titles of associate provost of the 
University and dean of the School of 
Medicine. He also is professor of sur- 

Announcement of the change was 
made by Dr. Barnes Woodhall, chan- 
cellor pro tem of the University, who 
explained that the vice presidency for 
health affairs is more in keeping with 
the responsibilities of the office, and 
follows a developing pattern in medical 
centers across the country. 

Dr. Anlyan is chief executive officer 
of the entire Medical Center, and re- 
sponsible for the affairs of Duke Hos- 
pital, the Schools of Medicine and Nurs- 
ing, and the allied health professions. 
This embraces operational and financial 
aspects of education, research, and pa- 
tient care within the Medical Center, 
plus supervision of a wide range of co- 
operative ventures with five individual 
hospitals — Watts, Lincoln, and the Vet- 
erans Administration Hospitals here; 
Highland Hospital in Asheville; and 
the Sea Level General and Children's 
Hospital at Sea Level, North Carolina. 

In addition, Dr. Anlyan coordinates 
Duke's interface with the North Caro- 
lina Regional Medical Program for 
Heart, Cancer, and Stroke; and through 
his membership on the Governor's 
Advisory Council on Comprehensive 
Health Planning is involved in Duke's 
cooperative efforts with medical facili- 
ties throughout the state. 

Although only 43, Dr. Anlyan has 
been at Duke for twenty years. After 
receiving B.S. and M.D. degrees from 
Yale University, he came to Duke for 
his internship in 1949. He served his 
residency in general and thoracic sur- 
gery and has since been engaged in 
practice, research, teaching and admin- 

Twice during the past year, Dr. An- 
lyan has been recognized nationally. 
Last summer he was appointed by Presi- 
dent Johnson to the Board of Regents 
of the National Library of Medicine. 
Later in the year, he was chosen chair- 
man of the Council of Deans of the As- 
sociation of American Medical Colleges. 

Hospital in the East 

The University will expand its medi- 
cal facilities from the mountains to the 
seashore through the acquisition of the 
Sea Level General and Children's Hos- 
pital in Carteret County some twenty- 
five miles northeast of Beaufort, North 

The hospital is part of a $2.7 million 
gift to Duke from D. E. Taylor of West 
Palm Beach, Florida, and other mem- 
bers of this family, including his father 
and brothers who built the hospital in 
1953. Mr. Taylor is a native of Sea 
Level and has maintained a strong inter- 
est in his hometown although he has 
spent most of his life in Norfolk, Vir- 
ginia, and West Palm Beach. He has 
been engaged in shipping, railroads, and 
railroad ferry services. 

Announcement of the gift to Duke 
was made by Dr. Barnes Woodhall, 
chancellor pro tern of the University, 
following its acceptance by the Execu- 
tive Committee of the Board of Trus- 

Under terms of the gift, Duke not 
only will receive title to the 88-bed 
hospital, which along with accessory 
buildings has an appraised value of 
$1,598,958, but also will receive 1,500 
acres of adjacent land valued at nearly 
$250,000; cash on hand in surplus 
funds amounting to some $200,000; an- 
nual gifts of $50,000 per year for the 
next ten years from the Taylor Founda- 
tion for the use of the hospital; and 
gifts totaling $150,000 to be used also 
for the hospital and to be made to 
Duke during the next five years by Mr. 
Taylor. The gift will qualify Duke Uni- 
versity for some $650,000 in matching 
funds from the Ford Foundation. 

"This hospital offers us a unique edu- 
cational environment and research op- 
portunity," Dr. Woodhall asserted. 
Both he and Mr. Taylor expressed the 
conviction that the new relationship 
with Duke Hospital will also serve the 
Sea Level Hospital and its patients 

Dr. Woodhall pointed out that the 
Duke Medical Center and the Trustees 
of Duke University have had a similar 
relationship with Highland Hospital in 
Asheville for nearly twenty years. 

According to Dr. Woodhall, no 
changes in professional or administra- 

tive personnel at Sea Level Hospital 
are contemplated, although the board 
of the hospital will be reorganized to 
include representatives of the Duke 
Medical Center and the University. 

Auxiliary facilities there include a 
dental clinic, medical clinic, surgical 
clinic, pharmacy, nurses' home, and a 
School for Licensed Practical Nurses, 
with instruction provided by the Car- 
teret Technical Institute. 

Dr. Woodhall noted that the Duke 
Medical Center has always been in- 
terested in community health, and, 
through the Hospital Section of The 
Duke Endowment, carries on a summer 
scholarship program for medical stu- 
dents in community hospitals. In addi- 
tion, a formal Department of Commu- 
nity Health Sciences was formed at 
Duke two years ago to direct the di- 
verse talents of the Medical Center 
more explicitly to the delivery of health 
care to all people in any setting, he 

According to Dr. Woodhall, "although 
the short-term potential of the facility 
is substantial, its long-term potential is, 
to say the least, very exciting." 

Initially, Dr. Woodhall sees the Duke 
Medical Center offering Sea Level Hos- 
pital aid in recruitment and expert ad- 
vice in such matters as the upgrading of 
X-ray and laboratory areas, conducting 
a survey of nursing home needs in the 
area, and perhaps establishment of a 
relationship with Duke's Center for the 
Study of Aging. 

Long-range plans envision the de- 
velopment of Sea Level Hospital as "a 
strong, semi-autonomous satellite of 
Duke University Medical Center, grad- 
ually evolving as a true Medical Center 
in its own right." 

Another Science 

Undergraduates preparing for a ca- 
reer in business will be enrolled in a 
new department of management sci- 
ences at Duke University, under the 
direction of the developing School of 
Business Administration. 

Dr. Louis Volpp, dean of the School 
of Business Administration, which open? 
September 1970, said the name change 
for the undergraduate program was ac- 
companied by a complete new cur- 
riculum approved recently. 

The curriculum to be introduced this 
year will include courses to prepare stu- 
dents for the graduate MBA program. 
Several courses offer the opportunity for 
independent study, following the phi- 
losophy of the new curriculum for other 
undergraduate departments. 

Students in the department of man- 
agement sciences will be enrolled in 
courses covering the theory of organi- 
zation, economic enterprise and de- 
cision making, as well as classes dealing 
with taxation, financial accounting, 
marketing, and production. The pro- 
gram also includes special studies for 
students preparing for the Certified 
Public Accountants' examination. Other 
courses deal extensively with com- 
puter programing, research methodol- 
ogy, and controllership. 

Student Union Reorganizes 

The Duke Student Union, which 
came into existence fourteen years ago 
to provide a co-ordinated program of 
campus-wide extracurricular activities, 
emerged this spring with a new name — 
the University Union — and with en- 
larged purposes. 

It was announced in April that the 
Union would cease primarily to be 
oriented toward and run by undergrad- 
uate students, and instead would include 
graduate students, faculty, alumni, and 
Durham residents on its Board, and re- 
cruit members for its eight committees 
from the entire University community. 

Marc Caplan, chairman of the Uni- 
versity Union Board when the change 
was announced, said it was not only a 
reorganization move but a new concept 
in campus life. "One purpose of the 
University Union," Caplan said, "will 
be to foster the sense of community at 
Duke by bringing together the diffuse 
elements of the University." 

A special publication, The Duke 
Gargoyle, put out by the Union, ex- 
plained: "We hope to incorporate the 
interests of various groups which have 
previously been neglected — e.g., black 
students, international students, alumni 
— into the Union structure without de- 
priving them of their individuality and 
distinctiveness, yet taking advantage of 
their unique contributions and offer- 
ing our services and facilities in return." 

"To this end," the article stated, "we 
intend to offer programs and activities 


which address problems and needs that 
challenge the University and the Dur- 
ham community as well as promoting 
social, recreational, educational, and cul- 
tural activities." 

In the restructured Union, member- 
ship on the board will consist of six 
student executive officers, the chancel- 
lor, the vice-president for finance, the 
assistant to the provost for student af- 
fairs, one trustee, three faculty mem- 
bers, one Durham-area alumnus, a 
graduate student, a representative from 
the international students, a student-at- 
large, and a member-at-large from the 

The University Union committees 
are Major Speakers, Cinematic Arts, 
Drama. Graphic Arts. Performing Arts, 
Major Attractions. Educative Involve- 
ment, and Special Projects. 

Football Preview 

Football fans still have a chance to 
order tickets for Duke's three home 
games this fall, according to H. M. 
(Red) Lewis, business manager of ath- 

Alumni and parents of students re- 
ceived priority ticket order blanks in 
May. But for those who misplaced 
the order blanks, a letter and a check 
will suffice. The orders should be ad- 
dressed to Business Manager, Duke 
Athletic Association. Durham, North 
Carolina. Season tickets for the three 
home games are priced at $16.50 each 
in the preferred areas. Family plan 
season tickets sell for $10.50 each to 
adults and $3.00 to children. 

There are three home games this fall 
in Wallace Wade Stadium with kick-off 
time at 1 :30 p.m. The Blue Devils face 
the University of Pittsburgh on October 
4 and the Gamecocks of South Caro- 
lina on November 8. Homecoming will 
be on November 22 when Duke meets 
the Tar Heels of the University of 
North Carolina. 

In addition to the traditional rivalry 
of the Duke-Carolina game (the score 
now stands, Duke wins 28, losses 24, 
ties 3), Homecoming will offer alumni 
a campus decorated in their honor and 
the annual pre-game barbecue in the 
Indoor Stadium at 11:30 p.m. 

Duke's seven away games this season 
are against South Carolina, September 


20; Virginia, September 27; Wake For- 
est, October 11; Maryland, October 18; 
North Carolina State, October 25; Geor- 
gia Tech, November 1 ; and VPI (Oyster 
Bowl, Norfolk) November 15. 

Named Acting Dean 

Dr. George W. Pearsall, professor of 
mechanical engineering, has been ap- 
pointed acting dean of the School of 

He succeeds Dr. James L. Meriam, 
who resigned as dean last fall and who 
will be on sabbatical leave during the 
1969-70 academic year to continue his 
research and writing in the field of ap- 
plied mechanics. 

Dr. Pearsall, 36, came to Duke in 
1964 after four years as an assistant 
professor at Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology. A native of Brentwood, 
New York, he received his B. Met. E. 
degree from Rensselear Polytechnic In- 
stitute and his Sc.D. from MIT. 

Dr. Pearsall has specialized in re- 
search involving ultrasonics and its ap- 
plications in materials processing. He 
is a member of numerous professional 
and honorary organizations and has 
co-authored a book in the field of ma- 
terial science. 

Seven Retire 

Seven of Duke University's most ac- 
complished professors, including two 
James B. Duke Professors, will retire 
this summer. 

Those stepping away from the lectern 
for the last time before the 1969-70 
academic year opens are Dr. William 
M. Blackburn, professor of English; 
Dr. Benjamin Boyce, James B. Duke 
Professor of English; Dr. John Curtiss, 
James B. Duke Professor of History; 
Dr. Bingham Dai, professor of psy- 
chiatry and of psychology; Mrs. Marie- 
Therese Dow, assistant professor of Ro- 
mance languages; Dr. Wanda Sanborn 
Hunter, associate professor of zoology; 
and Dr. Robert S. Rankin, professor of 
political science. 

Dr. Blackburn's creative writing 
classes at Duke have produced such 
successful authors as William Styron, 
Mac Hyman, Reynolds Price, and Fred 
Chappell. At Duke since 1926, he is 

author and editor of numerous pub- 
lished works. 

He earned his AB degree at Furman, 
then went to Oxford University in En- 
gland as a Rhodes Scholar for his mas- 
ter's degree. His Ph.D. is from Yale. 

Dr. Boyce is author of several books 
and numerous articles. He came to 
Duke in 1950 after teaching at North- 
western University, the University of 
Omaha, and the University of Nebraska. 
Since 1962 he has served as advisory 
editor of "English Language Notes" 
and on the editorial board for "Studies 
in English Literature." 

Dr. Curtiss, at Duke since 1945, is 
internationally recognized as an author- 
ity on Russian history, having published 
five books and many articles on the 
subject. He has served as president of 
the Southern Conference on Slavic 
Studies and as chairman of the Con- 
ference on Slavic and East European 
History of the American Historical As- 

Dr. Dai, a native of China who has 
been at Duke since 1943, has done much 
research and publishing in the areas of 
personality, culture, and mental health, 
with emphasis on personality problems 
in Chinese culture, Negro personality 
and racial problems, urban sociology, 
psychiatry, and religion. 

French-born Mrs. Dow has directed 
campus productions of French plays at 
Duke for more than thirty years and 
plans to continue this activity beyond 
retirement. In 1967 she was awarded 
France's "Palmes Academiques" in 
honor of her long teaching career and 
interest in promoting French cultural 
activities at Duke. 

Dr. Hunter, a member of the faculty 
since 1947, is author of numerous re- 
search papers in her field and holds 
membership in several scholarly or- 
ganizations. She is a past president of 
the North Carolina Academy of Sci- 

In addition to his scholarly accom- 
plishments, Dr. Rankin is well known 
as a member of the U.S. Civil Rights 
Commission, chairman of the Duke 
Athletic Council, and a former Durham 
city councilman. His teaching and re- 
search interests in recent years have 
been focused upon civil liberties and 
American constitutional law. Dr. Ran- 
kin joined the Duke faculty in 1927. 

Jennings to the newly-created position 
of director of annual giving has been 
announced by Roger L. Marshall, di- 
rector of alumni affairs. 

Mr. Jennings, a native of Fayette- 
ville, North Carolina, and a 1949 grad- 
uate of Duke, will be in charge of an- 
nual fund-raising campaigns conducted 
among Duke alumni, parents of stu- 
dents, and friends of the University. He 
will coordinate the work of the Loyalty 
Fund, which now raises close to $1 mil- 
lion a year for the University. 

The new position was created because 
of the increasing importance of the pro- 
gram to Duke and the need for ad- 
ministrative supervision, Mr. Marshall 
said. "We feel we are extremely fortu- 
nate to have the services of a man with 
so much experience to head this im- 
portant program for Duke," Mr. Mar- 
shall added. 

Mr. Jennings was a member of the 
alumni affairs staff at Duke from 1961 
until 1968, when he accepted a position 
as director of annual giving at Southern 
Methodist University. He returned to 
Duke last month in his new capacity. 

Medical Weekend Planned 

The fifth annual Duke Medical Cen- 
ter Alumni Weekend, November 6-8, 

will spotlight the June and September 
1944 reunion classes and those of '34, 
'39, '49, '54, '59, and '64. 

Doctors representing each of the 
eight reunion classes will present scien- 
tific papers during Friday morning and 
afternoon sessions moderated by Dr. 
Eugene Stead and Dr. Deryl Hart. 

Two dedications are also scheduled 
for the weekend. The Allen Chapel, 
named for the late George Garland Al- 
len of the Duke Endowment, and lo- 
cated in the old lobby of the hospital, 
will be dedicated at 4:30 p.m. Friday. 
On Saturday morning the Environmen- 
tal Biomedical Research Laboratory, 
which contains the Hyperbaric cham- 
bers, will be renamed the F. G. Hall 
Environmental Laboratory, in honor of 
the late professor of physiology. 

Medical alumni will also spend a por- 
tion of the weekend in honoring Dr. 
Barnes Woodhall, former dean of the 
Medical School, and now chancellor 
pro tern of the University. Dr. Wood- 
hall's portrait will be presented to the 
Medical Center Friday night following 
a dinner and dance at the Durham Mo- 
tor Hotel. 

The Medical Alumni Council Meet- 
ing will be held at 3 p.m. Thursday at 
the Alumni House. Also on Thursday, 
Dr. Martin M. Cummings '44. director 
of the National Medical Library in 
Bethesda, Maryland, will deliver the 
Dean's Hour Lecture. At 6:30 p.m. an 
"ice-breaker" reception will be held at 
the home of Vice President and Mrs. 
William G. Anlyan. 

Saturday, alumni may tour the Med- 
ical Center, hear a talk on medical 
school admissions, and attend a barbe- 
cue before the Duke-Clemson game at 
1 :30 p.m. Parties for the reunion classes 
will end the weekend. 

Convocation Scheduled 

A distinguished physics professor who 
is also chairman of the department of 
religion at Carleton College will be the 
1969 James A. Gray Lecturer for the 
annual Duke Divinity School Convoca- 
tion October 27-29. 

Dr. Ian G. Barbour, as the Gray 
Lecturer, will deliver four talks on re- 
ligion and science to some 500 min- 
isters who are expected to attend the 
joint Convocation and North Carolina 
Pastor's School. 

The Divinity School classes of 1934, 
1939, 1944, 1949, 1954, and 1964 will 
hold special reunion dinners and other 
social events as well as attend lectures 
and seminars. 

The tenth annual Alumni Lecturer 
will be the Rev. Dr. Van Bogard Dunn, 
dean of the Methodist Theological 
School in Ohio, who received both his 
B.D. and Ph.D. degrees at Duke. 

The second annual Frank S. Hick- 
man Lecturer will be Dr. Browne Barr, 
minister of the First Congregational 
Church, Berkeley, California, and a for- 
mer homiletics professor at Yale. His 
two addresses will be on the subject of 
the contemporary parish ministry. 

Other prominent speakers will include 
Dr. Robert A. Raines of the First 
United Methodist Church of German- 
town. Pennsylvania, the Convocation 
Preacher and conductor of one of the 
three special "Tuesday Seminars." 

Bishop's Hour Lecturer will be Bishop 
James S. Thomas of the Iowa Area of 
The United Methodist Church. A for- 
mer Gammon Theological Seminary 
professor, he is a secretary of the Di- 
vision of Higher Education of the 
Methodist General Board of Education. 
Bishop Thomas will conduct a Tuesday 
Seminar in addition to delivering the 
opening address of the Convocation on 
Monday afternoon. October 27. 

Dr. W. D. Davies, George Washing- 
ton Ivey Professor of Advanced Studies 
in New Testament and Christian Origins 
in the Duke Divinity School, will con- 
duct the other Tuesday seminar on "The 
Sermon on the Mount." 

Fellowship to Honor Hoover 

Former students and friends of Dr. 
Calvin B. Hoover, retired Duke profes- 
sor of economics, are beginning a drive 
to endow a $100,000 fellowship in 
honor of the nationally known teacher, 
writer, and government consultant. 

Heading the drive for the Calvin B. 
Hoover Fellowship in Economics are 
Dr. James J. O'Leary '41, chairman of 
the board for Lionel D. Edie and Com- 
pany of New York, and Dr. Benjamin 
Ratchford '32, retired vice president 
of the Federal Reserve Bank of Rich- 

Members of the economics depart- 
ment faculty who studied under Dr. 


Hoover and a wide cross section of 
North Carolina businessmen have 
pledged to the fellowship, which has al- 
ready received more than $24,000. 
Campaign leaders hope to raise enough 
money to realize an annual return of 
$4,500 to $5,000 from their invest- 
ments, making the fellowship Duke's 
most prestigious in the field of eco- 

Dr. Hoover was a member of the 
Duke faculty for forty-two years. He is 
a former president of the American 
Economics Association and holds the 
U. S. Medal of Freedom. 

A Female First 

The School of Forestry gained its 
first female alumna following the 1969 
June Commencement. 

Miss Victoria Delill, a native of Ni- 
agara, New York, received her master 
of forestry degree in forest ecology. 
But she missed the large ovation she 
received at graduation for being the 
first female forester. 

She was already on duty as acting 
silviculturist in charge of research at 
Colo-i-Suva Forestry Station in the Fiji 

Money Managers Return 

A group of some thirty former Army 
finance officers met on the Duke Uni- 
versity campus July 3-6. The occasion 
was the ninth reunion since 1945 of 
the Army Finance School's "Keep-in- 
Touch" club, whose members served on 
the staff and faculty of the school when 
it made its headquarters at Duke and on 
the old Wake Forest College campus 
during the early World War II years. 

During its stay at Duke and Wake 
Forest, the finance school turned out 
more than 2,000 commissioned grad- 
uates of the officer candidate course 
and 2,500 commissioned officers who 
took advanced fiscal accounting and 
audit training. Some 5,000 non-com- 
missioned personnel were trained in the 
classes at Wake Forest. 

Lloyd S. Engert of Champaign, Il- 
linois, president of the "Keep-in-Touch" 
group presided at a banquet held Sat- 
urday night. A graduate of the first 
Finance Officer Candidate School class 
at Duke, he remained as a member of 
the school faculty for several years. 


The former officers and their families 
had a busy schedule of events, includ- 
ing a mixer and a brunch at Wake 
Forest. Duke hosted the group for 
lunch on Saturday and for a sightseeing 
tour of old and new landmarks. 

Arrangements for the reunion were 
made by John Forlines of Granite Falls, 
a Duke alumnus and Finance OCS 
graduate and now a bank president. 

Class Notes 

News of alumni who received graduate or 
professional degrees, but who did not at- 
tend Duke as undergraduates, appears 
under the year in which the advanced de- 
gree was awarded. Otherwise news ap- 
pears under the year designating the in- 
dividual's undergraduate class. Married 
couples representing two different classes 
are usually listed under the earlier class. 
Alumni should address correspondence to 
Charlotte Corbin, Class Notes Editor, De- 
partment of Alumni Affairs, Duke Uni- 
versity, Durham, North Carolina 27706. 

OQ William H. Lander (a.m. '24) has 
£ J returned to journalism after 22 years 
with the United Press followed by 22 years 
in public relations and public affairs. He 
is currently on the editorial staff of The 
Journal of Commerce, New York, spe- 
cializing in petroleum, chemicals and plas- 
tics news. 

Culver H. Smith (ph.d. '33) is Pro- 
fessor of History Emeritus at the Uni- 
versity of Chattanooga, and is engaged 
in writing a book in the field of American 

O J George V. Allen (ll.b. '49) is 
U\ Ambassador in Residence at The 

George Washington University, Wash- 
ington, D. C. He retired from the Foreign 
Service of the United States in December 

OQ This year Gay Wilson Allen (a.m. 
/Jj '29) is retiring from New York Uni- 
versity, where he has taught for 22 years, 
with the title of Professor of English 
Emeritus. He will be visiting professor at 
Harvard next fall. 

Harvey B. Johnson is a full-time rep- 
resentative of Presbyterian Ministers' 
Fund (life insurance) in Greenville, S. C. 

Elizabeth Williams Stoneback (Mrs. 
R. M.) (a.m. '27) is retired and living in 
Bethlehem, Pa. She has four children 
and ten grandchildren. 

O"! Bailey S. Rich, specialist in charge 
£ I of the North Carolina State Depart- 
ment of Agriculture's fruit and vegetable 
service, retired on Jan. 31. He had been 
with the department since 1946. 

Q< Cecil A. Baker b.d. is minister of 

J I Bolton and Gratitude United Meth- 
odist Church, Arlington, Tenn. 

A. E. Acey b.d. retired last June, 
but is presently serving as pastor of 


St. James United Methodist Church at 
Ferrum, Va. 

Mary Langston Evans (Mrs. Dennis 
E.) is director of the comprehensive school 
improvement project, N. C. Department 
of Public Instruction, Raleigh. 

John R. Poe (d '35) is minister of 
Trinity United Methodist Church, Raleigh. 
He has two children who graduated from 
Duke, John R., Jr. '66, a graduate stu- 
dent at U.N.C., and Susan Page '68, who 
works for Wachovia Bank in Winston- 

00 Norman R. Ellis, Jr., retired from 
■J J the U. S. Bureau of Public Roads in 
December, 1966, after 32 years of Federal 
service. He is working for the Pennsylvania 
Department of Highways in Harrisburg. 

Q J Carey G. Mumford a.m. (ph.d. 
J*|- '40) retired from N. C. State Uni- 
versity on Jan. 31 after 41 years as a 
mathematics teacher. He and Mrs. Mum- 
ford, who have three grown children, live 
in Raleigh. 

QC MARRIED: Daniel K. Edwards to 
J J Mrs. Virginia Duncan on Dec. 30. 
Residence: Durham, N. C. 

OP Richard P. Griffin of Needham, 
JO Mass., has been elected vice presi- 
dent of the Factory Mutual Engineering 
Association, Norwood, Mass. 

R. K. Shields m.d. of Bethlehem, Pa., 
is a trustee and counselor for the Pennsyl- 
vania Medical Society, and chief of medi- 
cine emeritus and a trustee of St. Luke's 
Hospital in Bethlehem. 

QT At the annual meeting of the Fed- 
J / eration of State Associations of In- 
dependent Colleges and Universities which 
was held in January, Thomas H. Suddath 
was elected National President of the Fed- 
eration. Mr. Suddath is the executive di- 
rector of the Association of Independent 
Colleges and Universities in Massachusetts 
and director of Executive Development 
Programs at Boston College. He, Mrs. 
Suddath and their four children live in 
Cohasset, Mass. 

QQ Fred P. Davis, Vermont state chair- 
JQ man of paramutual racing commis- 
sion, is a resident of Newport. 

Mft O. L. Burdette m.ed. is an instruc- 
l\\} tor in modern math at the junior 
high school level for Palm Beach County, 
Florida. He lives in West Palm Beach. 

yM John Olin Eidson ph.d., formerly 
l\ J Dean of Franklin College at the 
University of Georgia, was inaugurated as 
President of Georgia Southern College 
in Statesboro on April 2. According to 
Dr. Jay B. Hubbell, "he is one of the 
two or three best American authorities on 
Alfred Tennyson." 

Virginia Walldm m.ed. of Wilmington, 
Del., is a psychologist in the Stanton 
School District, having served in the Dela- 
ware schools for 32 years. 


The way Duke might have looked if an early rendering by Horace Trumbauer had been followed. 

Mt\ Mary Catherine Fultz a.m., who 
*|£ received the Ph.D. in English from 
the University of Virginia in 1968, is 
teaching English at Madison College, Har- 
risonburg, Va., while on leave of absence 
from Kinjo University, Nagoya, Japan. 
Her work in Japan was as an educational 
missionary under the Board of World 
Missions of the Presbyterian Church. 

y|0 William Bevan a.m. (ph.d. '48), 
*Jj vice president and provost of The 
Johns Hopkins University, was elected an 
alumnus member of Phi Beta Kappa at 
Duke this spring. 

From March 23 through April 6 Alice 
Craddock Holowach (Mrs. Joseph) 
r.n., b.s.n. had an exhibit of water color 
paintings of England's West Country at 
the Art House in Cincinnati. Earlier she 
submitted two paintings for exhibit and 
both were accepted; the first at the Cin- 
cinnati Zoo's painting show; the second at 
the Dayton Art Institute. Her work in 
this direction began 10 years ago when 
she enrolled in the University of Cin- 
cinnati painting classes "to keep Joe com- 
pany on the nights he went to class." 
She has continued to study under Reginald 
Grooms, "and in 1968, was able to cap- 
ture the inspiration of the Holowach's 
tour of England with a series of 20 pic- 

Sam Pickard is regional vice president 
of Monsanto Company, Washington, D. C. 

II James J. Akers, Jr.. of Charlotte. 
(\(\ N. C, is associated with J. J. Akers 
& Co., general insurance agency. 

Robert H. Anderson (m.d. '46) is a 
pediatrician in Alexandria, Va. The oldest 
of his three sons is a Duke freshman. 

Edward S. Bott and Margaret Wiley 
Bott '48 live in Belleville, 111., where he is 
an account executive for Newhard, Cook 
& Co. They have two daughters and a 

Gordon W. Gerber and Martha Per- 
menter Gerber '45 have two children 
and make their home in Philadelphia. He 
is a partner in the law firm of Dechert. 
Price & Rhoads. 

Arthur J. Preslar, Jr., of Hickory is 
executive vice president of Catawba Pa- 
per Box Company. He is married and the 
father of three. 

IT Donald R. Mundie (m.d. '47) is 
*f Jj the newly-appointed chairman of the 
department of pediatrics at St. Francis 
Hospital, Evanston, 111. 

Barbara Taeusch Tufty of Tufty & 
Associates, Washington, D. C, had a book 
published in January by Dodd, Mead. It 
is entitled 7007 Questions Answered about 
Natural Land Disasters. 

J|J Alvin R. Murphy, Jr., m.e. of Win- 
*10 ter Haven, Fla., has a daughter who 
entered Duke last fall. 

11 Since retiring from the Navy last 
l\\ July, W. Woodrow Anderson has 
become area director for General Business 
Services, Chester, Va., which specializes in 
record keeping systems and tax prep- 

Clifford E. Blawkwell, previously 
sales manager, has been made general 
manager of the Eastern region of The 
Reuben H. Donnelley Corporation. He 
resides in New Canaan. Conn. 

Herman F. Froeb m.d. has a medical 
chest practice in La Jolla, Calif. 

Norris L. Hodgkins, Jr., Mayor of 
Southern Pines, N. C, and an executive 
vice president with First Union National 
Bank, became city executive in charge of 
the bank's Durham office on Feb. 1. He 
and his wife have three daughters. 

J ft William B. Kennedy a.m., Secre- 
cy tary for Education at the Board of 
Christian Education of the Presbyterian 
Church in the United States, located in 
Richmond, Va., will become Executive 
Secretary in the newly established Office 
of Education, World Council of Churches, 
Geneva, Switzerland, on July 1. 

C. R. Matheson of Durham is manager 
of recruitment and training for the Vir- 
ginia-Carolinas regional department of 
Crum & Forster Insurance Companies. 
He is also associate personnel manager at 
the company's regional headquarters. He 


W. P. Budd, Jr., '36, President 
& Treasurer 

B. M. Rose '33, Vice Pres.-Sec'y 

J. B. Coble '32, Sales Rep. 


506 Ramseur St. 









Phone or Mail Your 

Inquiries to 

Box 708— Phone 682-8181 

and his wife, Hilda Nash Matheson, 
have one daughter. 

J Q Fay Reifsnyder Biles, wife of Bed- 
*JJJ ford H. Biles '47, an attorney in 
Akron, Ohio, received her Ph.D. degree 
from Ohio State University last fall. 
Since 1955 she has been on the faculty 
of Kent State University, where she re- 
ceived her M. A. degree in the division of 
health, physical education, recreation and 

Jarvis P. Brown b.d. of Fullerton, 
Calif., is an employee of the County of 
Los Angeles, doing social work in Watts. 

Martha Krayer Johnson (Mrs. Cecil 
S.) of Durham has been selected for in- 
clusion in "Foremost Women in Com- 
munications for 1969-70" in connection 
with her position as newswoman for 
WTVD television station. She has her own 
daily newscast. 

M Marion L. Fisher, Jr., b.d. is assis- 
tant superintendent of schools in 
Weldon, N. C. 

Cynthia Barrell Middleton (Mrs. 
Marshall, Jr.) is the mother of five, in- 
cluding a pair of twins, and lives in Ran- 
cho Santa Fe, Calif. 

John A. Stewman, III, is a partner in 
Hanover Distributing Company, a refrig- 
eration and insulation business in Char- 
lotte, N. C. His wife is the former Ann 
Flintom '53, and they have a son and 
two daughters. 

A scholarship to be awarded annually 
to an outstanding senior at East Carolina 
University has been established by Phi 
Sigma Pi, national honor fraternity, hon- 
oring Richard C. Todd ph.d. and his wife, 
sponsors of the Tau chapter. It will be 
known as The Richard Cecil Todd and 
Clauda Pennock Todd Scholarship, and 
will recognize outstanding scholarship, 

Duke Alumni say: 

Meet me at the Downtowner 




4eeUuJUn<f: 309 West Chapel Hill St. 

► 156 Units Durham, North Carolina 

► Color television Telephone 919-688-8221 

► Banquet facilities 

► Spacious parking 

► and iUe %a*tA flamed. R&dawiattt 

leadership and service. In addition to his 
duties as professor of history and sponsor 
of Tau chapter, Dr. Todd is chairman of 
the ECU Scholarship, Fellowship and Stu- 
dent Financial Aid Committee and direc- 
tor of the history honors program. 

CI Ella Sowers Broad (Mrs. David 
ij | L), her husband, who is a Presby- 
terian minister, and their three daugh- 
ters live in Fredonia, N. Y. 

Robert J. Gasktns is director of trans- 
portation for Philip Carey Corporation, 
a major producer of construction ma- 
terials with nation-wide distribution served 
from eight manufacturing plants. The Gas- 
kins family, which includes five children, 
resides in Cincinnati, Ohio. 

BORN: Second child and first daughter 
to H. Stanton Oster, Jr., and Mrs. 
Oster, Knoxville, Tenn., on Jan. 23. 
Named Carla Yvonne. 

KGene Corrigan, who has served as 
administrative assistant to Atlantic 
Coast Commissioner Jim Weaver for the 
past two years, has become athletic direc- 
tor at Washington and Lee University, 
Lexington, Va., where he began his col- 
lege coaching career 14 years ago. 

John P. Engberg is with The Arizona 
Bank of Phoenix as vice president in 
charge of commercial and industrial loan 
departments, national and international 
accounts. He is married and has three 

Nanosecond Systems, Inc., of Fairfield, 
Conn., manufacturer of varied electronic 
products for the business information, 
instrumentation and nuclear markets, has 
named Ronald P. Nelson as the Assis- 
tant to the President. 

MARRIED: Nora Mahaffey r.n. to 
Dr. Glen R. Martin, Jr., on Dec. 27. Resi- 
dence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

BORN: Third son to Alden B. Gor- 
ham, Jr., and Margaret Jones Gorham, 
McLean, Va., on Dec. 13. Named Roberto 

CO J. Edwin Houk (b.d. '56) is minister 
Uy of Broad Street United Methodist 
Church, Mooresville, N. C. 

Robert F. Pierry c.e. of Somerset, 
N. J., has been named to the Somerset 
County College board of trustees. He is 
president of Pierco, Inc., a road construc- 
tion company, and is also a member of 
Franklin Township Planning Board. 

Dr. Ralph R. Rumer, Ir., c.e. is 
chairman of the Department of Civil En- 
gineering, State University of New York 
at Buffalo. Mrs. Rumer is the former 
Shirley Haynes r.n. 

Charles E. Shufelt m.e. of Clairton, 
Pa., is the project engineer in charge of 
the conceptual design of the Westing- 
house 1000 MWe liquid metal fast breeder 
reactor, planned as a central power sta- 
tion plant in the mid 1980's. 

Walter Q. Wilson is vice president of 
Citizens and Marine Bank, Hampton, Va., 


where he and his wife, Grace Sale Wil- 
son '54, make their home. 

MD. Richard Brennan (ll.b. '56) is 
assistant regional counsel, Internal 
Revenue Service, St. Paul, Minn. He is 
engaged in tax court litigation for North 
Dakota, South Dakota, and Minnesota. 

James P. Brown is head of the health 
and physical education department, head 
basketball coach and assistant football 
coach at Norview High School, Norfolk, 

J. William McGuinn, Jr., became a 
vice president of First-Citizens Bank & 
Trust Company, High Point, N. C, in 
January. His wife is the former Caroline 
Kirman '60, and they have four children. 

Since 1967 Frank R. Olson ph.d. has 
been professor and chairman of the De- 
partment of Mathematics at State Univer- 
sity of New York, Fredonia. 

KLee W. Chapin of Pensacola, Fla., 
was president of the Exchange Club 
last year. His wife is Eleanor Needles 
Chapin '57. 

Mary Benton Hackett (Mrs. Ray- 
mond L.) lives in Gainesville, Fla., where 
her husband, a pathologist, is an associate 
professor at the University of Florida 
teaching hospital. They have two sons 
and a daughter. 

W. Cotton McKay has been promoted 
by Chemical Bank New York Trust Com- 
pany to manager in the Metropolitan Di- 
vision at Office No. 259. He resides with 
his wife and four children in Rye, N. Y. 

ADOPTED: A daughter by Shirley 
Habel Thompson and Dan Stuart 
Thompson d.ed. '65, Raleigh, N. C, on 
Feb. 12. 

F(J Paul W. Cherry is an assistant pro- 
30 fe ss °r of music at the University of 
South Dakota, Vermillion. 

William E. Finney has been promoted 
to assistant traffic manager of the Ryder 
Truck Lines, Inc. He is married to the 
former Patricia Tronolone, and they 
and their three children live in Jackson- 
ville, Fla. 

William C. Hilles (a.m. '58) is execu- 
tive assistant to the president of New 
York Medical School, New York City. He 
is married to Elizabeth Southard '58, 
and they have two children. 

Last year Chaplain Charles B. Nesbitt 
U.S.A.F., b.d. was one of three Air Force 
chaplains having a sabbatical for grad- 
uate study. He earned the Master of Chris- 
tian Education degree from Presbyterian 
School of Christian Education, Richmond, 
Va. Since July 1968, Chaplain Nesbitt and 
his wife, Mary Summers Nesbitt m.a.t. 
'55, have been at Keesler Air Force 
Base, Miss., where he is coordinator of 
Christian Education for Protestants. 

Orville W. Taylor ph.d. will become 
chairman of the Department of History 
and Political Science at Georgia College 
at Milledgeville on September 1. For- 
merly Woman's College of Georgia, 

Georgia College is a senior coeducational 
unit of the University System of Georgia, 
granting bachelor's and master's degrees. 
Dr. Taylor has been chairman of the De- 
partment of History and Government at 
Wesleyan College since 1965. 

Evelyn Rivers Wilbanks a.m., wife 
of George D. Wilbanks '53, m.d. '56 of 
Durham, joined the staff of the North 
Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, as as- 
sistant curator last November. 

ri Margelyn Carrick Carpenter 
3/ (Mrs. Lawrence M., Jr.) and her 
family, which includes two young daugh- 
ters, are living in England, but they ex- 
pect to return to the States in the summer 
and will be in the Washington, D. G, 

William W. Kephart has joined the 
Research Department of Brockway Glass 
Co., Inc., Brockway, Pa., as a petrog- 
rapher. He and his family are residing 
in DuBois. 

MARRIED: Dorothy Milteer to Al- 
fred Danegger in June, 1968. Residence: 
College Park, Md. 

BORN: Fourth child and third daughter 
to Linda Conant Gardner b.s.n. and 
Ledyard D. Gardner, Jr., Knoxville 
Tenn., on Jan. 20. Named Barbara Cowles. 

PQ Edward C. Bryson, Jr., of Durham 
30 has been made a partner in the law 
firm of Newsom, Graham, Strawbridge 
and Hedrick. He is married and has one 

Richard L. Dilworth, who works for 
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Win- 
ston-Salem, N. C, has been promoted from 
superviser of sales publications to market- 
ing assistant in the marketing department. 

George K. Ganaway of West Palm 
Beach, Fla., has been accepted at Emory 
University School of Medicine, Atlanta. 
and will commence his studies in Septem- 
ber of this year. 

William Massey, III (m.d. '62) is staff 
physician at Dow Badische Company's 
Williamsburg location. A specialist in in- 
ternal medicine, he also has a private 
practice in Williamsburg, Va. Dr. and 
Mrs. Massey, the former Ieanne Kelly 
'60, are the parents of a daughter and a 

Kenneth E. Rappoport of Los Angeles, 
Calif., is married and the father of three. 
A C.P.A., he is president of Durex, Inc., 
a manufacturer of consumer, professional 
and industrial paints. 

MW. E. Arant, Jr., is vice president of 
finance for ABG Industries, Inc., of 
Durham. He was formerly associated with 
First Union National Bank of North 
Carolina. Mrs. Arant is the former Bar- 
bara Unger b.s.n. '61. 

A note from Virginia Bole MacEwen 
says that her husband, Richard A. Mac- 
Ewen c.e., is with Metcalf & Eddy, Inc., 
of Boston, Mass., and that they spent the 
last 18 months in the Philippines where 
he worked on a master plan for the water 


Robert M. McArthur, 
Jr., '38 is now vice 
president of Freeport 
Sulphur Company in 
New York. He joined 
the firm in 1952 and 
most recently served as 
treasurer. He and his 
wife have five children. 


Marvin A. Rapp AM 
'40, PhD '48 was in- 
stalled last winter as the 
second president of 
Onondaga Community 
College in Syracuse, 
New York. He had 
been at Nassau College. 


W. Fenton Guinee '49 
has been elected to the 
board of directors of 
the Quaker Oats Com- 
pany. Mr. Guinee is 
group vice president- 
corporate development 
and has been with the 
firm since 1963. 


W. Lee Noel '52 has 
been promoted to data 
processing division vice 
president and manager 
of the commercial re- 
gion of IBM Corpora- 
tion. Headquarters for 
the region will be in 
Princeton, New Jersey. 


Edgar B. Brown '54, 
vice president and di- 
rector of Nuveen Cor- 
poration, has been ap- 
proved as a member of 
the American Stock Ex- 
change. He also is a 
member of the New 
York Stock Exchange. 


George D. Rodgers '55 
has been appointed ex- 
ecutive vice president 
and elected to the board 
of directors of the Alas- 
ka Transportation Com- 
pany of San Jose, Cali- 
fornia, a holding com- 


system of Manila. They are now on a 
similar assignment in Trinidad. Their fam- 
ily includes two young sons. 

Virginia Ferguson McDaniel (Mrs. 
H. A., Jr.) b.s.n. is living in Richmond, 
Va., where her husband is an internal 
auditor with Robertshaw Controls Cor- 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
Eleanor DeRienzo Crawford (Mrs. 
James A.) (a.m. '67) and Mr. Crawford, 
Englewood, N. J., in March 1968. Named 

First child and daughter to Anna Haney 
Dees (Mrs. C. Stanley) and Mr. Dees, 
Alexandria, Va., in June 1968. Named 
Elizabeth Claire. 

First child and daughter to Joan Gar- 
rett Seay (Mrs. Harry L., Ill) and Mr. 
Seay, Tulsa, Okla., in September 1968. 
Named Elizabeth Garrett. 
g A Jack A. Gleason of Westport, Conn., 
0(J has been appointed Assistant to 
the Secretary of Commerce, Maurice H. 
Stans. A graduate of Pace College 
Graduate Business School in New York, 
he was assistant to the chairman of the 
Nixon Finance Committee from Febru- 
ary 1968 to February 1969. He is mar- 
ried and has three children. 

Dr. Edward G. Green is associated 
with the Charlotte Youth Clinic in the 
practice of pediatrics and teen-age med- 
icine. Also in the clinic is Charles H. 
Gay '29, m.d. '33. 

Since the first of the year J. Thomas 
Menaker (ll.b. '63) has been a part- 
ner in the firm of McNees, Wallace & 
Nurick, attorneys at law in Harrisburg, 

Warren G. Wickersham, a partner 
in the Washington, D. C, law firm of 
Surrey, Karasik, Gould and Greene, has 
opened an office for the firm, Surrey As- 
sociates — Financial Consultants, in Beirut, 
Lebanon, to provide international legal 
and financial advice for clients investing 
in projects in the Middle East, Asia and 
Africa. Mrs. Wickersham and young son, 
Mark Warren, are with him, and they 
would be happy to see travelers who stop 
over for business or pleasure. 

P< Jan Burton Kane (Mrs. James D.) 
Q I e.e. lives in Endicott, N. Y., and 
works for I.B.M.'s Federal systems di- 

Carl E. Rudeger, Jr., e.e. and Cath- 
erine Childres Rudiger '63 live in 
Saratoga, Calif. He has just completed a 
one year assignment on the staff of the 
Marine engineering and technical panel of 
the President's Commission for Marine 
Science and Engineering Resources. 

John E. Sheats of the Bowdoin College 
Department of Chemistry, held a Na- 
tional Science Foundation Science Faculty 
Fellowship during the spring semester of 
the current academic year which he spent 
at the University of Massachusetts. He 
was engaged in organometallic chemical 
research, working primarily on the syn- 
thesis of cobalticeen compounds. 


O. Temple Sloan, President of General 
Parts, Inc., an automotive parts business 
in Raleigh, N. C, was selected as one of 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance 
Company's most successful young policy- 
owners and was featured in Sports Il- 
lustrated on Dec. 9. He and Mrs. Sloan 
have three children and make their home 
in Raleigh. 

BORN: First child and daughter to Har- 
riet Naviasky Sollod (Mrs. Mitchell 
C.) and Dr. Sollod, San Francisco, Calif., 
on Jan. 5. Named Celeste Ann. 

BORN: Second son to Ellen Ann 
Spangler Wilson (Mrs. Lawrence A., 
Jr.) and Dr. Wilson, Evanston, 111., on 
Sept. 24. Named James Andrew. 

PO Karen Kerr Dennison (Mrs. E. G., 
Xjl, J r -) completed the work for the 
m.ed. degree at Westminster College last 
August and is dean of girls at Boardman 
High School, Youngstown, Ohio. 

John N. Moore ll.b. is an associate 
professor of law at the University of Vir- 
ginia School of Law, Charlottesville. 

Edwin F. Payne of Atlanta, Ga., has 
recently transferred to the marketing and 
sales division of Bache & Co., Inc., and 
is a registered representative in New York, 
North Carolina and Georgia. 

MARRIED: Mary Frances Baldwin 
to Hyun Dju Kim on Feb. 22. Residence: 
Los Angeles, Calif. 

Dr. Arthur M. McCausland to Rachel 
Ellen Elliott on Jan. 4. Residence: Los 
Angeles, Calif. 

John J. Penick b.d. to Barbara Ruth 
Stallings on Feb. 22. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

BORN: Third child and second son to 
Jared W. Butler and Mrs. Butler, Koko- 
mo, Ind., on Ian. 26. Named Peter Eric. 

PQ James T. Clemons ph.d., assistant 
professor of New Testament at Wes- 
ley Theological Seminary, Washington, 
D. O, has been re-elected chairman of the 
American Textual Criticism Seminar. The 
University of Utah Press has published 
his monograph, An Index of Syriac Manu- 
scripts containing the Epistles and the 
Apocalypse, and recent articles have ap- 
peared in several journals in Europe and 

J. Stanley Crisson is in his third year 
of coaching football at Duke, and his wife, 
Emily Meeker Crisson '65, is a teacher 
in the Durham city school system. 

Since graduating from West Virginia 
University College of Law in May 1968, 
John L. Hash has been employed in the 
industrial relations division of Westing- 
house Electric Company, Mansfield, Ohio. 

Robert W. Morris, an assistant pro- 
fessor of geology at Wittenberg Univer- 
sity, Springfield, Ohio, since September, 
received the Ph.D. from Columbia Uni- 
versity in January. He was married in 
May 1968 to Leslie J. Neimier of Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

While Susan W. Oehl was at the Uni- 
versity of Tubingen, Germany, studying 

on a Fulbright fellowship, she met and 
soon married Rainer Scharwiss, a musician 
whose home was in Tubingen. They have 
a jazz combo, in which Mrs. Scharweiss 
plays the bass, guitar and sings, and spent 
most of the year in Norway, though, be- 
cause of their constant moving, they main- 
tain a permanent home in Kassel, Ger- 

MARRIED: J. David Ross ll.b. to 
Ruth E. Wade '68 on Feb. 8. Residence: 
Durham, N. C. 

BORN: Second child and first daughter 
to W. Edwin Dodson (m.d. '67) and Mrs. 
Dodson, Bethesda, Md., on Feb. 9. Named 
William Edwin, Jr. 

M Adelaide Austell of Charlotte, 
N. C, is a trust representative for 
First Union National Bank. 

Irene Pollpalos Bridges (Mrs. John 
A., Ill) b.s.n. is teaching science and 
health at Stiles Point School, Charleston, 
S. C. 

David N. Edwards, Jr., ll.b. has left 
the practice of law in Winston-Salem, 
N. C, to be director of the Field Experi- 
ence Program at Elmira College, Elmira, 
N. Y. 

Charles P. Rose, Jr. (j.d. '68) is in 
the corporate finance department of New 
York Bankers Trust, New York City. 

Recent appointments to the White House 
staff includes Jay Wilkinson, who works 
for Mr. H. R. Haldeman, Special Assistant 
for Management of the White House Staff, 
and John L. Campbell '66, who works 
for Charles B. (Bud) Wilkinson, Special 
Consultant to the President. 

MARRIED: Meredith Brenizer to Lt. 
Comdr. Kenneth E. Cox on Jan. 20, 1968. 
Residence: Pearl City, T. H. 

Lynn P. Gilbert to Henry Mullish on 
Nov. 24. Residence: New York City. 

Roger C. Hamilton to Joyce Harrold 
'65 on July 20, 1968. Residence: New 
York City. 

Marilyn Jan Parker b.s.n. to Terence 
N. Reisman '65, m.d. '68 on Feb. 23. Resi- 
dence: Atlanta, Ga. 

Greig Toms Yarger e.e. to Marjorie 
F. Agle on Nov. 28. Residence: South 
Bend, Ind. 

BORN: First child and son to John 
William Springer m.e. and Sally Black- 
well Springer '66, Atlanta, Ga., on Dec. 
8. Named John William, Jr. 

BORN: First child and son to Sally 
Cosens Waters (Mrs. John H.) and Mr. 
Waters, Farmville, Va., on Jan. 28. Named 
John Hardy, IV. 

Susan Dittmar is teaching U. S. his- 
tory and political and economic geog- 
raphy in a high school near her home in 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

PC Lois Parker McCarthy (Mrs. 
0«J James V.) b.s.n. and her husband 
have moved to Wayne, Pa., and she is an 
instructor at the hospital of the University 
of Pennsylvania School of Nursing. 

William H. Olson, for 2Vi years a 

Vhat will happen next year 

at Duke? 

Cfte Bufee Chronicle 


53-year-old Exec, 
elected unamiously 

get more 

P ^ l) 

-SE-'ir-rs £ Students— trustees speak 
E J ri~H£~£ after tense confrontation 


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* A new president named 

* A new chancellor selected 

* Changes in undergraduate residential living 

* Completion of the Fifth Decade 

* "Deep sea" tests in Hyperbaric chamber 

* Student activism 

* New undergraduate curriculum 

* And much more 

Keep in touch with your alma mater 

Find out what happens when it happens 

Get in-depth coverage five days a week in The Duke Chronicle 

tS% Jhtke (ftl|nmtr;le 

Box 4696, Duke Station 
Durham, N. C. 27706 

Gentlemen: Enclosed is $10.00 for my subscription 







Public Health Service fellow in mathe- 
matics at V.P.I., is now an Oak Ridge 
Associated Universities graduate fellow, 
Oak Ridge, Tenn. 

Leon L. Rice, III, has become associ- 
ated with the firm of Gambrell & Mobley 
of Atlanta, Ga., in the practice of law. 

Tempe Brownell Steen (Mrs. Ronald 
L.) of Bethany Beach, Del., is a high 
school teacher in southern Delaware. She 
has the Master's degree in secondary edu- 
cation from George Washington Univer- 

Margaret Osborne Tucker (Mrs. 
S. A., Jr.) and her husband, a graduate of 
U.N.C. law school, have moved to At- 
lanta, Ga., where she is teaching at Massey 
Junior College. 

Richard Youngstrom and Linda Hab- 
berset Youngstrom b.s.n. '66 live in 
Verona, N. J., where he is working as a 
research chemist for Schering Corporation. 
They both have Master's degrees from 
Washington University, he in chemistry 
and she in pediatric nursing. 

MARRIED: Jeanne D. Burwell to 
Robert K. Roger on March 1. Residence: 
Raleigh, N. C. 

Franklin E. Peters to Linda J. Sweet- 
man on Feb. 8. Residence: Framingham, 

Carol Rinehart b.s.n. to Thomas 
Pinckney, II, in January. Residence: Palo 
Alto, Calif. 

BORN: First child and son to John E. 
Brewster, Jr., and Frances Ktner Brew- 
ster '66, Bloomington, Ind., on Dec. 31. 
Named William Kiner. 

(JO Frederick G. Kroncke, Jr., is a 
00 tn i r d vear medical student at the 
University of North Carolina, and his wife, 
Marion Jones Kroncke '68, is taking 
graduate work in art history there. They 
live in Carrboro. 

Philip Lader, who received an MA. 
from the University of Michigan and spent 
a year at Oxford, is presently attending 
Harvard Law School. 

Linda K. Bemis, who has the Master's 
in political science from the University 
of Wisconsin, is with the D. C. Redevelop- 
ment Land Agency as management intern 
and housing specialist. She lives in Wash- 

William M. Blackshear, Jr., Tom 
Stuebner and Peter Halford are juniors 
in Tulane Medical School, New Orleans. 

Leanna Matthews Burger and F. 
Joseph Burger ph.d. '68 are both associ- 
ated with Mead Johnson & Co., Evansville, 
Ind. He is a group leader, methods, de- 
velopment, and she is an associate scien- 

Since September 1968, J. Thomas Davis 
m.ed. (d.ed. '68) has been the coordinator 
of institutional studies at the University 
of South Carolina, Florence. 

Harry A. Nurktn (m.h.a. '68) is tak- 
ing a post-graduate administrative resi- 
dency at the Baptist Memorial Hospital in 
Memphis, Tenn., and his wife, Jarleth 
Van Meter Nurktn b.s.n. '68, is a staff 


nurse with the Shelby County Public 
Health Department. 

MARRIED: Sarah L. Baker to Dr. 
Thomas W. Juntune on Aug. 10. Resi- 
dence: Okemos, Mich. 

Eleanor Brooks to Norman J. Schon- 
feld on Aug. 20. Residence: New York 

Victoria Jean Ekvall to Joseph C. 
Webb, Jr., on Feb. 15. Residence: Dur- 
ham, N. C. 

Phild? L. Graitcer to Leslie Judd on 
Jan. 4. Residence: Philadelphia, Pa. 

Carol Anne Newsome to Howard C. 
Hay on Dec. 21. Residence: Ann Arbor, 

William B. Settlemyer (j.d. '68) to 
Sarah Jane Duncan on Jan. 4. Residence: 
Denbigh, Va. 

Robert W. Wirdell to Janet Hine on 
June 15, 1968. Residence: Stanford, Calif. 

Alice June Williams to Lewis R. 
Brine, Jr., on March 1. Residence: New 
York City. 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
Katherine Arthur Bryce and George B. 
Bryce, Ann Arbor, Mich., on Jan. 17. 
Named Mary Elizabeth. 

IJT Robert L. Eagle is assistant adver- 
/ tising director for North Carolina 
National Bank in Charlotte, N. C. 

Kathryn A. Harry is a medical social 
worker at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, 
Brighton, Mass. 

William H. Phillips of Durham is co- 
ordinator for the Orange County School 

MARRIED: Jane E. Brownlow to 
Lawrence T. Wilson on Oct. 19. Resi- 
dence: Groves, Texas. 

Randy J. Griffith b.d. to Bonnie 
Starnes on Dec. 22. Residence: Willow 
Springs, N. C. 

Susan Ann Suerken b.s.n. to Henry 
Lee Ferguson 3rd j.d. on Feb. 22. Resi- 
dence: New York City. 

BORN: A daughter to Roger E. Thomp- 
son b.d. and Mrs. Thompson, Fayetteville, 
N. C, on Dec. 30. Named Miriam Dawn. 

00 Michael G. Barbour ph.d. is an as- 
sistant professor of botany at the Davis 
campus of the University of California. 

In addition to working on a Master's 
in Colonial American history at William 
and Mary College, Patricia Ann Hurdle 
is an apprentice in interpretation of his- 
torical sites with Colonial Williamsburg, 
Inc., and Institute of Early American 

John F. Jarvis ph.d. of West Palm 
Beach, Fla., is a research scientist for Bell 
Laboratories, Holmdel, N. J. 

MARRIED: Eric Paul Handler to 
Toni M. Gresham on Jan. 26. Residence: 
Durham, N. C. 

Anne W. Hartsfield to William A. 
Bassett on Dec. 14. Residence: Jackson- 
ville, Fla. 

Betsy Link to Hal Kammerer on Feb. 
22. Residence: Ithaca, N. Y. 

BORN: First child and daughter to 
Mary Wadsworth White (Mrs. Thomas 
S., Ill) and Mr. White, La. Crescenta, 
Calif., on Jan. 13. Named Mary Carlyle. 

Others attending graduate school and 
their field of study are: University of 
Pennsylvania: R. Blair Edlow, philoso- 
phy; James C. Hearn, Jr., and Grafton 
M. Potter, Jr., business; James W. Kalat, 
psychology; Columbia: Nick S. Davis, 
business; and Sarah M. Froeber, psychol- 
ogy; Carnegie: Gary H. Antes, industrial 
administration; University of Edinburgh: 
Carol Barthel, English literature; Tufts 
University: Ann Blessing, child study; 
N. C State: Wyatt L. Brown, Jr., elec- 
trical engineering; Johns Hopkins: Robert 
F. Boughner, classical studies; and Jack 
R. Censer, history; University of Michi- 
gan: John L. Coker, business; Ohio Uni- 
versity: Robert A. Colborne, English; 
University of Pittsburgh: Albert M. 
D'Annonzio, physics; Simmons College: 
Dee Corbell, library science; and Jac- 
queline M. French, social work; Univer- 
sity of Connecticut: Cheryl L. Fuller, 
clinical psychology. 

Among those attending Divinity School 
are: Katherine Ann Belton, Christina 
Y. Carson, Farms W. Jones, W. Douglas 
Tanner, Jr., Thomas R. Watson, J. Harry 
Wells, Duke; Richard D. Hogue, Em- 
ory; Wayne A. Beatty, William B. Law- 
rence, and James Stephen Sapp, Union 
Theological Seminary; and Richard B. 
Atkinson, John C. Boger, Roger K. 
Davis, and Richard W. Reff-Snyder, 


• Etta Thompson Parker '14 of Raleigh, 
N. C, died on March 8. She is survived 
by her husband, Rev. A. S. Parker '14. 

• Jethro J. Harris '16 of Seaboard, 
N. C, died on Nov. 22, 1968. 

• Rev. Isawo Tanaka '20, a resident of 
Durham and for many years a member of 
the Duke University library staff, died on 
April 2 following an extended illness. He 
had a Master's degree from Clark Univer- 
sity and a bachelor of divinity degree from 
Yale. In 1923 Mr. Tanaka returned to his 
native Japan and spent more than a 
decade teaching at the Hiroshima Girls' 
College and Yokahama Girls' College. He 
returned to the United States in the late 
1930s, preaching for some time on the 
West Coast before joining the Library staff 
in 1948. He retired in 1960. Surviving are 
his wife and one son, Shin Tanaka '50, 
m.d. '56 of Minneapolis, Minn., and two 

• Verna Brett Roberts '21, widow of 
John M. Roberts, died on Feb. 25 at her 
home in Durham. She is survived by her 
mother and a daughter. 

• Information has been received of the 
death of Linwood E. Mercer '24, an at- 
torney of Washington, N. C, on July 29, 
1968. He is survived by his wife, one son 
and one daughter. 

• Lt. Col. Alfred A. Young Sr., '27 of 

Long Island. N. C, died on Feb. 24. A 
native of Summerville. Mass.. he served 
in World Wars I and II and retired in 
1949. He was chief of the Raleigh. N. C. 
police department from 1939 to 1941. and 
was a former director of the N. C. Em- 
ployment Office. Mrs. Young, two daugh- 
ters and three sons survive. 

• Information has been received of the 
death of Capt. Walter J. Garrison "32 
on Oct. 22. 1967. His wife, who survives, 
makes her home in Coral Gables. Fla. 

• Robert S. Smith ph.d. '32. James B. 
Duke Professor of Economics at Duke, 
died on March 23 following a brief illness. 
A member of the Duke faculty since 1932, 
Dr. Smith had served as chairman of the 
Department of Economics and Business 
Administration from 1964 to 1967. When 
the department split into two separate 
units, he remained as chairman of the De- 
partment of Economics until 1968. At the 
time of his death he was president-elect of 
the Southern Economic Association. The 
resolutions committee of The Southwestern 
Social Science Association, meeting in 
April 1969 with Karl E. Ashburn ph.d. 
'34 as chairman, included the following 
item in its report: ". . . the Association 
wishes to express its deepest sympathy to 
the family upon the untimely death of 
Professor Robert Sidney Smith of Duke 
University on March 23. 1969. Professor 
Smith was President-elect of The Southern 
Economics Association and was a highly 
respected and honored friend of many of 
the members and leaders of the South- 
western Social Science Association." Sur- 
viving are Mrs. Smith, the former Lucille 
Mulholland '29; a daughter. Frances 
Smith Vaughan (Mrs. J. W.. Jr.) '57 of 
Alexandria, Va.: and one son. 

• Helen Strother Reeves '33, wife of 
Robert L. Reeves of Durham, died on 
March 10. Survivors include three sisters. 
Eura Strother '26, a.m. "33 and Mrs. Edith 
S. Murphy '37 of Washington, D. C and 
Melissa Strother '28 of Rocky Mount. 

• Philip J. Weaver '34. superintendent of 
city schools in Greensboro. N. C. for the 
past 11 years, died on March 15 following 
a heart attack. He was active in com- 
munity and professional organizations, 
and was a member of the Western North 
Carolina Conference of the Methodist 
Church's board of education. Surviving are 
his widow, a son, who is a student at 
Duke, and a daughter. Also surviving are 
three brothers. James H. Weaver '25 of 
Greensboro; Dr. L. Stacy Weaver '24, of 
Fayetteville, N. C; and Charles Weaver 
'28 of Elkin, N. C. 

• Ernest Cruikshank '36 of Chatham. 
N. J., died at his home on Jan. 25. He was 
in the controller's department of American 
Smelting & Refining Co., New York City, 
where he had worked for 3 1 years. A 
former vice president of the National 
Classic Car Club of America, he was also 
a member of the Harvard Business Club 
of New York and the Century Club at 
Harvard. Surviving are his wife, a son 
and two daughters. 

• Lawrence V. Flinner a.m. '37 died at 
his nome in Ellwood City, Pa., on Feb. 11. 
He was completing his 37th year as teacher 
of American History in the Ellwood City 
School District. His widow survives. 

• E. Elizabeth Lisle '42 died on Feb. 20. 
She was a resident of Decatur. Ga. 

• Marjorie Cameron Classen '46. wife 
of Cdr. Robert E. Classen '46 of Alex- 
andria. Va.. died suddenly on Dec. 24. 
In addition to her husband, she is sur- 
vived by one daughter. 

• Mary Beattie Connor ( Mrs. Paul ) 
'46 died on Jan. 30 in Scottsdale. Ariz., 
where she had lived since 1967. A na- 
tive of Virginia, she had previously made 
her home in Glen Rock. N. J. Surviving 
are her husband, a son and five daughters: 
also, a sister. Catherine Beattie Trask '44 
of Wilmington. Del. 

• William N. Kanehann, Jr.. ll.b. '51 
died on Jan. 12. He was a resident of 
Allentown. Pa., and was associated with 
Kanehann and McDonald. 

• Leonard H. Brooks '53. ll.b. '58 of 
Raleigh, formerly of Wilson, died on 
March 6. He was affiliated with the real 
estate division of Investment Corporation 
of the South. His wife. Ann Kearns Brooks 
'59. a daughter and two sons survive. Also 
surviving are a number of brothers and 
sisters including Sidney E. Brooks '5 1 . 
ll.b. "54 of Wilson and Val C. Brooks '51, 
ll.b. '53 of Nashville, Tenn. 

• James C. Stanford b.d. '60. a native 
of Alamance County. N. C. serving as a 
missionary in Peru, died on Feb. 12. He 
began his mission training in June 1960. 
and was sponsored in his work by the 
Davis Street United Methodist Church. 
Burlington, and the Methodist Conference. 
Mrs. Stanford, a son and two daughters 

• Richard S. Harader e '62 of Union- 
town. Pa., was killed in an automobile 
accident in October 1968. His widow sur- 

• Frank Eugene Berry b.d. "63 died at 
his home in Greenville. N. C. on March 1. 
following an extended illness. He was an 
associate minister of St. James Church 
from 1966 through 1968. and was on 
emergency sick leave in the North Carolina 
Methodist Conference. He had also served 
pastorates in Durham. Rougemont. and in 
the Western North Carolina Conference. 
His widow, a son and a daughter survive. 

• Marine Second Lieut. Drew J. Bar- 
rett, III. '67 died on March 9 of wounds 
he received while serving in Vietnam. He 
was the son of Colonel and Mrs. Drew 
J. Barrett. Jr.. of Springfield. Va. 

• James Michael Rink m.div. '68, was 
killed instantly on March 31 when crushed 
by his car against the wall of a service 
station. A graduate student in the School 
of Journalism at the University of North 
Carolina, he was planning to leave that 
night for his home in Michigan. He was 
also an assistant in the Duke Athletic In- 
formation Office and a former part-time 
employee in the Durham Morning Herald 
sports department. 


9^ £*■ 


George L. Garner Har- 
vill (Mrs. Richard A.) 
AM '30 has been hon- 
ored by rhe Institute of 
International Education 
and the Reader's Digest 
Foundation for her con- 
tributions to interna- 
tional understanding. 


Spencer H. Robb '40 
has been appointed ad- 
ministrator of the Ala- 
bama Stale Alcoholic 
Beverage ControlBoard. 
Mr. Robb retired last 
year after a long ca- 
reer with the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation. 


James J. O'Leary PhD 
'41 has been appointed 
executive vice president 
and economist of the 
United States Trust 
Company. He is chair- 
man of President Nix- 
on's Task Force on Fed- 
eral Credit Programs. 


Fred Plessner '46 has 
been named to the newly 
created position of di- 
rector of national sales 
coordination at R. J. 
Reynolds Foods, Inc. 
Mr. Plessner and his 
family will relocate in 
the New York area. 


Bruce J. Gordon '53 has 
been appointed manager 
of the mission trajec- 
tory control program at 
the Houston Operations, 
Systems Group of TRW 
Inc. The program in- 
volves the efforts of 
engineers and scientists. 


Christopher Weir '56 
has been elected a vice 
president of Batten, 
Barton. Durstine & Os- 
born, Inc. He is mar- 
ried to the former Anne 
Gibson Green '58; they 
live in Newtown, Penn- 




Serving Industry 



in the 

Southeast for Over Eighty Years 


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The man who bought a piece of Park Avenue in 1948 
is the kind of man who buys Blue Chip life insurance. 

Foresight and judgment make your money 
grow. Foresight and judgment also make 
your estate grow. With Connecticut Mutual 
life insurance, you build an "instant estate" 
of Blue Chip quality at just about the lowest 
net cost (proved in latest industry study, 
1948-1968). And that's how a real estate 
should start. 

Connecticut Mutual Life 
the Blue Chip company 

William D. Beaty, CLU 
George D. Davis, CLU 
George W. Eaves 
James A. Griffin, Jr., CLU 
Wingfield Dan Hill, III 



Raleigh De Forest Hoge 
Greensboro, N. C. William J. Hogg 

Durham, N. C. Parks M. King, Jr., CLU 

Baltimore Earle A. McKeever, II 
Durham, N. C. 


New York 



Home Office 


September 1969 
Volume 55 Number 4 

In This Issue 

A Library Is More Than Books 

The new addition to the Perkins Library — and resultant 
circulation figures — offer ample evidence of the success p a ge 
of the new trend toward making libraries more usable. 4 

Will There Be Too Many People To Feed 
By Joseph J. Spengler 

Yes, says Dr. Spengler, unless man is willing to relin- 
quish his freedom to breed and reduces fertility to the 
replacement level by the early part of the next century. 8 

The Case of the Overworked Physician 
By Dr. E. Harvey Estes, Jr. 

After fifteen years of overwork, the physician is likely 
to find that he has not been able to keep up with his pro- 
fession, and the solution is often a loss to the community. 14 

Can Duke Come to the Rescue 
By Caroline Carlton John 

The department of community health sciences, headed by 
Dr. Estes, is attempting to set patterns of medical practice 
which will keep the physician abreast of his profession. 16 


A Goodly Heritage 
By Virginia Gray 

Much mis-information has been allowed to accumulate about 
the history of the Duke family. Mrs. Gray begins to set the 
record straight in this first of a two-part definitive series. 20 

Letters Page 3 

East and West Page 24 

The Alumni Almanac Page 26 


Photograph by Jim Wallace 
of the interior entrance of 
the Perkins Library. 

Editorial Staff 

Harry R. Jackson '57, Editor 

Caroline Carlton John '67, Assistant Editor 

Charlotte Corbin '35, Class Notes 

Department of Alumni Affairs 

Roger L. Marshall 
Anne Garrard '25, 

'42, Director 
Assistant Director 

duke alumni KBGISTEB is published in February, March, May, June, August, September, Novem- 
ber, and December by Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. Subscription rate : $3.00 per 
year. Advertising rates upon request. Change of address should be sent to the Alumni Records Of- 
fice. Second Class postage paid at Duke Station, Durham, North Carolina. © 1969 Duke University. 





Duke vs. UNC 



9:00 a.m. -5:00 p.m. — Alumni Registration, Alum- 
ni House, 2138 Campus Drive. 

5:00 p.m. -8:00 p.m. — Judging of West Campus 
Displays. West Campus Dormitory Quad- 
rangle. This is the best time to see the dis- 

8:00 p.m. — Homecoming Show. 

9:00 a.m. -2:00 p.m. — Alumni Registration. Alum- 
ni House. 
10:00-11:30 a.m. — Law School Coffee. Law School 

10:00-1 1 :30 a.m. — Faculty wives Coffee Hour for 
Engineering Alumni, their families, faculty, 
staff, and guests. 
1 1:30-12:45 p.m. — Alumni Barbecue. Indoor Sta- 
1:30 p.m. — Varsity Football Game. Duke vs. UNC. 

Wallace Wade Stadium. 
4:30 p.m. — Alumni Open House. Alumni House. 

Fraternity and Independent Open Houses. 
7:00 p.m. — Duke Student Union Major Attraction, 
Indoor Stadium. Dionne Warwick and David 

11:00 a.m. — University Worship Service. 


Readers are invited to contribute 
their own views about matters dis- 
cussed in the Duke Alumni Register, 
and this space will be reserved in 
future issues for such contributions. 

The Students 

I think the latest issue is excellent. 
There just isn't any room for crit- 
icism from either of our alumni ex- 
tremes since your coverage was 
through the direct interviews. Here's 
hoping the reaction is good, and that 
you will continue to encourage good, 
meaty journalism for the Register. 
Betsy Ramsey '66 
Charlotte, North Carolina 

Congratulations on an excellent 
and thought-provoking issue. It's 
been read and passed on to others. 

Thank god Duke has some who 
are not vegetables. It worries me, 
though, that most of the students in- 
terviewed spoke of the existence of 
a large mass of "grinders" who were 
there only for grades and the piece 
of paper that is a degree. It would 
be unfortunate were Duke to pro- 
duce a majority of such graduates; 
I will hope that the school looks less 
at a new applicant's grades and 
more at his total background, which 
should be a well-rounded one. 

Also, let this alumnus go on rec- 
ord as being opposed to "big-time" 
athletics. It's a very great waste of 
money for an educational institution 
to train mostly watchers with grow- 
ing broad beams rather than men and 
women with at least one athletic skill 
that they can use into old age. I 
would rather see Duke make its 
name not on the gridiron or court 
but in the men it produces who lead 
America to face and solve its prob- 
lems at home and abroad. 

Herschel V. Anderson '54 
Carthage, North Carolina 

Your recent issue of the Alumni 
Register was excellent — copy, photos, 
and all. Fair picture of Duke and 
fair challenge to change. 

Lyn Wilbanks 

(Mrs. George D., Jr.) AM '56 


I have read the student interviews 
and am convinced they all have some 
very relevant things to say. 

Mrs. Robert W. Oliver 
Washington, D. C. 

I just completed the student issue 
of the Duke Register and cannot tell 
you how much I enjoyed it. This is 
the first issue I have ever read from 
cover to cover. 

Although a Duke graduate in this 
decade (1961), I have felt very re- 
moved from the University in the 
past few years. Having just cele- 
brated my thirtieth birthday and see- 
ing my tenth reunion fast approach- 
ing, I could no longer really iden- 
tify with the college 'scene.' This 
issue of the Register has made me 
aware once again that people never 
change. I really feel like I could 
walk right back on campus and be 
in the old groove immediately. Of 
course, I could stay out later, eat ice 
cream cones from the Dope Shop, 
leave beer cans on the desk instead 
of under, but otherwise life at Duke 
appears the same as ten years ago 
when I enrolled. I feel I could just 
change the names on the interviews 
and be reading a 1960 Register. How 
the current student would feel about 
this I don't know, but to an aging 
alum it is most reassuring. 

One thing often mentioned which 
would make a real difference would 
be coeducational living. Of this I 
highly approve. I think that above 
all else this would ease many ten- 
sions on the campus, would remove 
much of the isolation from society, 
and stimulate the learning situation. 

I have had many thoughts about 
Duke since reading your excellent 
edition, and I thank you for bring- 
ing me once again close to a school 
which gave me a great deal. 

Barbara Scherr Childs 
(Mrs. Richard M., Jr.) '61 
Cincinnati, Ohio 

For. Perrow 

On this eve of one of man's most 
significant challenges of the un- 
known, landing on the Moon, which 
event has been brought about 
through the courage, knowledge, 
flexibility, and the insatiable curi- 
osity of our species "to see what is 

on the other side of the mountain," 
I have had the good fortune to take 
up your article in the February, 
1969, issue of the Alumni Register, 
"Of Solitude and Silence of a Cer- 
tain Amount." The complexities and 
frustrations of life in today's rapid- 
pace technological "civilized confu- 
sion" have made these commodities, 
solitude and silence, rare indeed. 

Like yourself, I am often stirred 
by the people, things, and events 
which I encounter in daily contact 
with the world. And like yourself, 
as you intimated in your article, the 
excuse of the pressures of our en- 
vironment is my weak apology sup- 
porting our excuses for procras- 
tination in following up on that 
which we have always meant to do, 
that which injects the crowning fla- 
vor, depth, warmth, and perhaps 
purpose to our lives. 

It is all too seldom that I take up 
my pen to thank the more astute 
and sensitive observers of our times 
for once again extruding me from 
the daily footpath to again stand 
alone on a deserted beach in a star- 
lit night to contemplate upon the 
cosmos and microcosm; for awaken- 
ing my consciousness, separating me 
briefly from my daily (and in a very 
real sense, exciting) way of life to 
wonder and marvel at the simple 
beauty of man in his unpretentious 
state. Your commentary, by way of 
the late Eber Carle Perrow, pro- 
voked a resurrection of memories of 
genteel people who have affected my 
life, yet who have faded like yester- 
days and are now only recorded in 
the dusty archives implanted on my 
shoulders. Regretfully, we do not 
appreciate the lessons they have 
taught us — their legacies — that the 
true shame of our lives is the fact 
that we must also take the time to 
live them. We exist, we function, 
and occasionally, if we are lucky, 
we obtain a brief moment during 
which we experience, feel and re- 

Few of us have the fortitude to 
capitalize upon such moments of si- 
lence and solitude. Do I, do you? 
Yet thank you for these moments, 
and may they make us better men. 
David Lyman BSEE '58 
Bangkok, Thailand 

- 1 x \xm 


i /■ 



^ " 

| J 



P" : 

" "" M 

J Et 


Elvin E. Strowd, head of the circulation 

department in the Perkins Library, 

stands above a crowd of student 

movers to direct the transfer of 

books from the old building to its 

new addition. 


A library 
is more than 

yj\J \Jj\* 5 and the Dewey Decimal System — a 
statement that is supported by circulation figures compiled 
after the William R. Perkins Library moved into its new 
addition during spring semester. Circulation in April of 
this year was 10,000 volumes above circulation for April, 
1968, said Elvin E. Strowd, head of the circulation de- 
partment; and he attributes this increase directly to the 
new building. 

The older building, which is being renovated, can best 
be characterized as depressive insofar as usage is con- 
cerned; and because of this weighted atmosphere, the li- 
brary always seemed to be the architectural antithesis of 
the critical open-mindedness that a university is supposed 
to produce. Although the renovation will lift much of 
the depression, it seems unlikely that the old building 
will ever rival its addition. 

The inviting qualities of the addition, especially its 
openness and light, its spaciousness and furnishings, re- 
flect a trend among architects and librarians, said Mr. 
Strowd, to make a purposeful effort to produce libraries 
that are attractive and eminently usable. But the librar- 

The architect's render- 
ing of the addition 
to Perkins Library. 
The photograph on the 
opposite page should 
impart to all persons 
who remember the 
old stacks some idea 
of the roominess in 
the new ones. 

ians and architects do not always agree on the nature of 

Dr. Benjamin E. Powell, University librarian, worked 
closely with the architects for the addition, and it was 
mainly through his persuasiveness that the main public 
area of the library does not, in his words, "look like a 
train station." Yet he was able to sympathize with the 
architects when they complained that the addition did 
not lend itself to the creation of an impressive outside 
entrance, which now is located where the old entrance 
to the Rare Book Room was situated. 

Other than the absence of this impressive outside en- 
trance — and this is more than amply compensated for 
by what one finds on the inside — there are few elements 
that Dr. Powell would add or subtract from the building 
if he had the job to do again. He escorts visitors through 
the facility with obvious pride and satisfaction. 

In addition to providing for a highly efficient library 
operation, the new building has such features as depart- 
mental reading rooms, comfortably furnished reading areas 
in the stacks, well-lighted open and closed carrels (346 
of the former and 157 of the latter), a faculty lounge, 
a staff lounge, typing rooms, seminar and conference 
rooms, and — most blessed of all for anyone who ever 
went to summer school — air conditioning. 

Reaction to the new facility among faculty and students, 
according to both Dr. Powell and Mr. Strowd, has been 
"very good" — and the circulation figures attest to this. 
But reaction among the Library staff itself probably 
has been the most enthusiastic of all. "We couldn't hire 
anybody in the old building unless they were real skinny," 
said Mr. Strowd, "because they couldn't turn around." 

And it was difficult to tell whether or not he was being 
facetious, for he also mentioned that in the old building 
seven people were assigned to every three desks. Now 
everyone has a desk of his own; and not to be overlooked, 
each lady now has a place for her pocketbook. 

Most important of all, however, the library now has a 
place for its books. The old building was designed to 
house about 900,000 volumes; the University has two 
million, and those that were not sandwiched or piled in 
the stacks were scattered throughout town in three sep- 
arate warehouses. The task of moving those books in 
the old building (which after renovation will be primarily 
the Undergraduate Library) to the new building was 

monumental; and it would have cost the University some 
$30,000 if Duke fraternities had not intervened. 

Last October, Kerry Roche, a Delta Tau Delta and 
president of the Interfraternity Council, and Glenn Gal- 
lagher, council member from Kappa Sigma, approached 
Dr. Powell with the idea that the University's twenty fra- 
ternities could move the books. They offered 12,000 
man-hours. Dr. Powell offered the IFC $7,500 in award 
money for those fraternities compiling the greatest man- 
hour totals. 

Mr. Strowd, who was in charge of the move, said that 
the logistics of the task first involved "planning in ad- 
vance where the books in the old building would be 

shelved in the new one" and how much space would be 
allowed for expansion. Then, he said, it was a matter of 
routing the movers. "You might not believe it," he said, 
"but there weren't any major mishaps." 

Beginning during the last weekend in January and 
working on the weekends through the last of March, the 
fraternity men moved some one million books to com- 
plete the major part of the move. (The new building is 
connected to the stacks in the old building, and many 
volumes will remain in this older section.) They worked 
three shifts between 9 a.m. and 6 p.m. on Saturdays and 
Sundays, with each eighty-man shift divided into teams. 
The move eventually required 650 hours and saved the 
University $23,000. 

Of the award money, Sigma Phi Epsilon got the most — 
$1,000 for the greatest man-hour commitment — and per- 
haps got the most sore backs as well. Delta Sigma Phi 
and Theta Chi received $500 and $300 respectively, and 
seven other fraternities each received $200. 

Both Dr. Powell and Mr. Strowd have praised the work 
of the students, and Dr. Powell is especially insistent 
that the public be made to understand that the idea 
originated with students and not with the library staff. 
He seems weary of blanket condemnations of the student 

Top left: Circulation and reference desks in the foreground 
with part of the card catalogue area in the background. 
Bottom, left to right: One of the open reading areas; the 
periodical section; University Librarian Dr. Benjamin E. 
Powell at the desk in his new office; an expanse of the open 
carrels that are one of the outstanding features of the 
new building. 





There Be Too Many People To Feed 

By Joseph J. Spengler 
James B. Duke Professor of Economics 

THE problem under discussion 
has two dimensions, growth of 
man's numbers and growth of 
man's capacity to feed his 
numbers. Although I am writing mainly 
about man's prospective numbers, I can- 
not entirely overlook man's capacity to 
supply these numbers with nutriment. 
For this there is strong precedent: the 
work of one of the nineteenth-century's 
most maligned men, Thomas R. Mal- 

Malthus's life encompassed a period 
during which the first modern Agricul- 
tural Revolution was making itself felt 
and its successor, the Industrial Revo- 
lution, was getting under way in Eng- 
land, thence to spread slowly over Eu- 
rope, to the New World, and eventually 
to parts of Asia and Africa. A time 
of change was at hand and Britain was 
in the international saddle. A trans- 
formed world, that in which we now 
live, was coming into being. 


Yet one needed only to look back- 
ward to observe that the history of the 
common man had been a history of 
hunger. Here and there man expe- 
rienced localized famines — 453 were 
recorded in Europe between the year 
1000 and 1855. Crop yields were low; 
and small surpluses, when realized, 
were poorly stored, with the result that 
little would be on hand to offset crop 
failure; nor were communication and 
transport good enough, as they are to- 
day, to facilitate rapid flows of subsis- 
tence from food-long to food-short 

Not too much was made of all this 
before the nineteenth century, the cen- 
tury that saw the incidence of famines 
greatly reduced, though not eliminated 
from the then Undeveloped World. 
Chroniclers preferred to record the 
recipes of rulers and dilate on ban- 
quets that fattened small but well-fed 
minorities. After all, what of interest 

could one say of gruel? Historians, as 
Fabre has remarked, could recite the 
names of the king's bastards and yet 
tell nothing of the origin of bread, in 
use over 2,500 years already in Christ's 
day. It is not surprising, therefore, that 
not too long before the nineteenth cen- 
tury the lower classes could count only 
on remaning poor while those fortunate 
enough to be rich could enjoy their 
wealth without being unduly troubled 
by a sense of guilt over a poverty-rid- 
den underlying population. 

When the rate of growth is very low, 
prophets, social critics, and Utopians 
write of redistribution. In Shakespeare's 
Coriolanus a poor citizen remarks that 
"what authority surfeits on would re- 
lieve" the poor. This was hardly true. 
Aggregate output remained too small, 
and so even did the swollen share seized 
upon by the generally unproductive 
kept class. As yet "poverty" could 
hardly answer to Josh Billings's descrip- 

tion of it as "the step-mother of genius." 
Men were lucky if they always had 
enough "beans," a food that Don Mar- 
quis, the American humorist, ruled out 
of his "Almost Perfect State." 

There is no point in writing about 
a problem until it can be put in terms 
of an analytical model. This is often 
forgotten by those who would merely 
do good — witness the impact of Louis 
Bromfield's "Good Woman." Malthus 
did not forget this when in 1798 he 
published his famous Essay on Popu- 
lation, a study concerned with the 
causes of man's poverty and that aspect 
of poverty with which we are concerned 
here, namely, Hunger. Hunger's cause, 
Malthus pointed out, had two dimen- 
sions, growth of numbers and growth of 
food. His concern flowed from his 
supposition that man's unimpeded ca- 
pacity to multiply exceeded his capacity 
to increase his subsistence. Accordingly, 
the rate at which man's numbers could 
grow would be fixed at the outside by 
the rate at which he could increase his 
food supply. Of course, if his living 
budget included something even more 
scarce and more desirable than food, 
its rate of growth might set a limit to 
the rate of growth of man's numbers. 

Malthus went on to say that man 
could not increase his food supply very 
rapidly, and that even this rate was a 
declining one. Ordinarily, therefore, 
man's numbers tended to press upon 
the food supply, even to the extent of 
giving rise to an insufficiency of sub- 
sistence and hence to much of the pov- 
erty then encountered. The solution. 
Malthus believed, consisted in man's 
voluntarily containing his numbers with- 
in the limits of his capacity to provide 
them with a plentiful subsistence. 

Malthus's analysis was not popular. 
Man usually eschews responsibility for 
his own troubles, attributing them to 
what the Romans called Fortune, whilst 
taking credit for that which pans out 
well. Malthus advised men and women 
not to marry until in their late twenties 
and thereby limit the number of off- 
spring per couple to what a family could 
support in keeping with its station in 
life. This advice resembled counsel 
common already in the Middle Ages. 
Were Malthus living today he would 
probably describe parenthood as a privi- 
lege open only to those who can provide 
a suitable environment for something 

like a specified number of children. 
For this absolutely essential advice Mal- 
thus would be belabored by rhetors in 
the current Age of Freudian Irrespon- 
sibility and the ascendance of the sow's 
ear over the silk purse. 

Until recently men always prepared 
for wars and depressions. Now, how- 
ever, they seem to be preparing for a 
world of which a Studs Lonigan might 
say it was a world "he never made," or 
a Sismondi might say, as he said of the 
Middle Ages, that to know it was to 
wish to avoid it. In the parochial pe- 
riod that separated Napoleon from the 
last Hohenzollern, Western man, obliv- 
ious to a smoldering Third World, as- 
sumed that falling natality and improved 
agriculture had removed the threat of 
hunger. Only once, before World War 
I, at the close of the nineteenth century, 
was the spectre raised, soon to be dis- 
missed by such as the English econo- 
mist, Edwin Carman, in essays included 
in his Economic Scares, published in 
1933. Again in the 1920's responsible 
writers, alarmed at the forces which 
had precipitated World War I, warned 
of impending overpopulation, only to 
have their warnings blacked out by the 
Great Depression and a decline in na- 
tality held partly responsible for that 
depression. Then came World War II, 
much rhetoric about Freedoms, and the 
discovery of a Third World finally made 
sovereign by the second Peloponnesian 
War within three decades to undermine 
Europe's foundations. Within this third 
World the Malthusian Devil was found 
to have been unchained by a well-mean- 
ing West which introduced death con- 
trol but not birth control, and thus 
helped make hunger more widespread. 
Today, therefore, many voices are cry- 
ing up food shortages, actual or im- 
pending. Symbolic is Famine 1975 in 
which William and Paul Paddock de- 
clare India, Egypt, and Haiti to be 
beyond nutritional salvation. 

Even should current alarm be deemed 
excessive, the current world food pros- 
pect must be considered serious. Re- 
cent FAO estimates may be supposed 
too high when they put at 20 and 60 
per cent, respectively, the fractions of 
the undeveloped world's nearly 2.5 bil- 
lion population that are undernourished 
and/or malnourished. Still, the num- 
ber so afflicted is very high. Not sur- 
prisingly, therefore, alarmism may tend 

to permeate estimates of the extent of 
food shortage, whether in our own 
population or in that of the world as a 
whole. Does not alarmism enable 
alarmists to win attention, especially at 
the hands of uncritical and frenetic 
media in our present Age of Overkill 
and Overcount? 


▼ ▼ HI 

HILE the food potential is 
not my main concern, I must refer to 
it briefly to show that Malthus's argu- 
ment was essentially valid. He con- 
tended, in effect, that man's capacity to 
increase his food supply was inferior 
to his unimpeded capacity to multiply. 
This statement still holds. Were this 
One World, then, in the course of the 
next 50 to 100 years, the food supply 
might be elevated at least to 6 and per- 
haps to as much as 10 times its current 
magnitude. Ours is a Divided World, 
however; therefore the realizable poten- 
tial is less. It is less because much of the 
requisite skill and agricultural resources 
remains in the hands of countries 
and enterprisers under little pressure to 
augment agricultural output notably. 
At the same time, the need for expand- 
ing food supplies is felt most strongly 
in regions that are short of foreign 
funds and other quid quo pro which, 
being attractive to food-long lands, 
might be exchanged for their produce. 

Let us now suppose that the food- 
producing capacity of our finite world 
could be octupled. Would this remove 
the threat of hunger? Not for long. 
For the world's demand for food may 
be expected to grow at least 2 per cent 
per year. At this rate, in just over 100 
years, the aggregate world demand for 
food would be eight times what it is 
today. Should the demand for food 
grow three per cent per year, a 
century from now the aggregate de- 
mand for food would be 19 times 
what it now is. It would be 12 
times, even given a rate of growth 
of 2Vi per cent per year. We thus see 
that compound growth, much extolled 
by deposit-seeking bankers, can prove a 
crushing luggernaut when it governs the 
increase of man's needs in a finite world. 

We must now ask not only whether 
man can octuple the world output of 
food, but also whether it is likely that 


his food requirements will grow 2 or 
more per cent per year. It still seems 
quite likely that the world's population 
will grow over one per cent per year 
between now and 2069; the United Na- 
tions puts the medium annual rate of 
increase of world population in 1980- 
2000 at about 1% per cent. The per 
capita demand for food will increase as 
well, 1 or more per cent per annum if 
average income grows around 2 per cent 
and the overall income elasticity of de- 
mand for food exceeds 0.5. Short of 
an unprecedented decline in human fer- 
tility, therefore, the aggregate demand 
for food will octuple in about a century 
and thus counterbalance the maximum 
increase in the food supply likely to be 
achieved within the next 100 or more 

Whether the world's food supply can 
be increased by around 700 per cent 
turns immediately on the degree of in- 
crease men achieve in acreage under 
cultivation, in output per acre, and in 
non-agricultural sources of nutrients. 
It turns ultimately upon the degree to 
which conditions are created to make 
these immediate increases possible. The 
world's potentially arable land is esti- 
mated to be about double that now un- 
der cultivation. Unfortunately, only 7 
per cent of the world's unused culti- 
vable land is situated in Asia and 
Europe, where in 1965 lived about 70 
per cent of the world's population and 
where in 1985 at least 68 per cent will 
be located. The pressure to bring un- 
used land under cultivation will be less 
strong, therefore, than it would be if 
the unused land were much more easily 
accessible to densely populated, food- 
short regions. Indeed, the slowing down 
of the expansion of acreage since the 
close of World War II reflects both this 
locational constraint and the cost, from 
under $40 to nearly $1,000 per acre, of 
developing new land. 

Increase in yield per acre is achieved 
through a variety of measures, some of 
fast and some of slow gestation. Irri- 


gation and multiple-cropping are quite 
significant in some regions. Much more 
important is fertilization, with a one 
pound input of chemical fertilizer evok- 
ing a yield increase of something like 
ten pounds of old varieties and 15-25 
pounds of new varieties of grain which, 
being fast ripening, also permit double 
and sometimes triple cropping. It is 
not unreasonable to suppose, therefore, 
that output per acre can be quadrupled, 
given profitable selling prices, low 
enough prices for inputs such as fer- 
tilizer, sufficient conserving agents such 
as pesticides and storage facilities, and 
access to required supplies, transport, 
credit, machinery, services, and so on. 
There is, of course, a technological as 
well as an economic limit, to yield per 
acre, by crop and location, but this is 
as yet only occasionally approximated 
even in advanced countries. There 
could be another limit, should very 
heavy use of nitrates be found adverse 
to man's health. 

Of the non-agricultural sources of 
subsistence, products of the sea and in- 
land waters are the most important and 
will remain so unless pollution, a con- 
comitant of population pressure and 
industrialization, continues to destroy 
piscatorial habitats and shrink oppor- 
tunities for sea and lake farming. Fish 
could prove a quantitatively important 
source of food, though it has not yet 
become so. Fish already is, however, 
a very significant source of protein, lack 
of which is a principal source of mal- 
nutrition. The importance of malnu- 
trition and hence of countervailing nu- 
trients is suggested by the estimated 
incidence of malnutrition in the under- 
developed world; this is put at 60 per 
cent of the population compared with 
an undernutrition rate of only about 20 
per cent. In a sense, fish food may be 
said to offset the loss of food produc- 
tion resulting in the devotion of close 
to 7 per cent of the world's cultivated 
crop land to non-food crops, such as 
fibres and other inedibles. 

By way of illustration of what can 
be done, consider the recent experience 
of India. It suggests that India could 
become self-sufficient in grain. Grain 
production in British India remained 
stationary between the first and the fifth 
decade of this century. Then it began 
to move upward, nearly 3 per cent per 
year, or close to the annual increase in 
demand. Responsible for this increase, 
besides the introduction of new varieties 
and some increase in land, labor, and 
water, was a twelve-fold increase in fer- 
tilizer inputs. It is now estimated that 
the rate of increase could be pushed up 
to 5 per cent per year, enough to make 
India self-sufficient in grain several years 
hence. Yet then India would still be 
living on borrowed time. For even 
should India become self-sufficient, it 
could remain so only for a relatively 
short time if her population growth 
were not halted. In the long run, there- 
fore, only complete control of India's 
population growth can keep her people 
free of the trammels of hunger. 


Y ULNERABILITY to hunger has 
increased in much of the underdeveloped 
world because natality has not declined 
in keeping with the decline in mortality 
that has taken place in the present cen- 
tury as a result of the introduction of 
death-control from the West. In many 
places crude natality remains at the 
levels prevailing around 1900. The an- 
nual rate of growth of population rose 
in Asia from about one-half of one per 
cent in 1850-1940 to V/i per cent in 
1940-60; in Africa, from about 2/3 per 
cent to 1% per cent; and in Latin 
America, from about 1% to 2Vi per 
cent. Between 1960 and the year 2000, 
according to the United Nations me- 
dium projections, the annual rate of 
growth will approximate 1% per cent 
in land-short Asia, 2% per cent in 
Africa, and 2% per cent in Latin 

America. While population grew only 
about 1% per cent per year in the un- 
derdeveloped world between 1920 and 
1960, it is expected to grow 2 Ms per 
cent annually between 1960 and the 
year 2000. 


M HE post- 1960 rates I have just 
presented are somewhat conjectural; in- 
deed, both a Russian and an American 
author have declared them to be too 
high. For the present, however, I shall 
assume that population in the under- 
developed regions will continue to grow 
about 2 per cent per year, at least until 
the close of the century, and defer until 
later an examination of the tenability 
of this assumption. After all, even if 
population should grow only 1 per cent 
per year, with the per capita demand 
for food growing at the same rate, the 
resulting rate of growth of demand for 
food would octuple the aggregate de- 
mand for food within little more than 
a century. What then are the implica- 
tions of a 2 per cent rate of population 
growth for hunger in the future? Here 
I mean by hunger both undernutrition, 
or calorie insufficiency, and malnutri- 
tion, or nutrient insufficiency, which 
not only accompanies undernutrition 
but may also manifest itself even in 
high-income countries. In the United 
States, for example, millions are de- 
scribed as feeding on foods which, 
though calorifically sufficient, are short 
of critical nutrients. 

High rates of population growth give 
rise to three types of cost. Population 
growth absorbs capital; it retards edu- 
cational progress; and it perpetuates 
agricultural overpopulation. Given a 
2-per-cent-per-year rate of population 
growth, savings amounting to around 
8 per cent of the national income are 
required to support, educate, and equip 
the resulting net increments to the 
population. The capital or inputs thus 

employed would otherwise be available 
to finance agricultural progress, to gen- 
erate employment within cities and 
towns, to improve educational facilities, 
and to augment equipment per worker. 

Population growth also retards educa- 
tional progress and the acquisition of 
literacy and knowledge which are so 
essential to agricultural progress. It 
does this by increasing the ratio of chil- 
dren of school and college age to the 
population of an age to support educa- 
tion and educate youth. In 1960 this 
ratio was about four-sevenths higher in 
the underdeveloped world than else- 
where. Furthermore, the ratio of the 
population under 30 to that 30 and 
over is about twice as high in under- 
developed countries as elsewhere. As a 
result, political volatility and proneness 
to revolution are decidedly greater in 
much of the underdeveloped world, a 
world already shot through with a sense 
of frustration at its inability to satisfy 
expectations generated by political 
promise and modern media. These 
conditions in turn make for military dic- 
tatorship, which, while sometimes es- 
sential, is not usually favorable to en- 
terprise and economic growth. 

Finally, a high rate of population 
growth slows down the increase of the 
non-agricultural fraction of the popula- 
tion and the arrival of the day when the 
agricultural population begins to decline 
in number and move toward an optimal 
percentage of the population, say 15-20 
per cent or less. In the past this end 
result has proved very difficult of 
achievement. Colin Clark puts at 5 
per cent the maximum rate at which an 
urban population can grow compatibly 
with its employment, and even this rate 
is too high unless urban capital can in- 
crease at least 5 per cent per year, and 
probably faster, given technical prog- 
ress. Let us therefore put the rate of 
growth of the urban population at 4 per 
cent per year and suppose that the total 
population grows 2 per cent per year. 
Then, if we begin with a country whose 

population is 80 per cent non-urban, 
we find that it will take some 70 years 
to begin to reduce the absolute size of 
the non-urban population. It would 
take only about 18 years, however, if 
the total population were growing just 
1 per cent per year, and output per 
agriculturalist would probably be rising 
somewhat over 2 per cent per year. 

It should be noted also that the more 
slowly population grows the less will be 
the pressure of population on the land, 
and the more slowly a nation's agricul- 
tural population increases, the less does 
it press upon the limited amount of 
farm land accessible and fragment the 
size of farm holdings and thereby ren- 
der them less economical. For exam- 
ple, between 1950 and 1965, the area 
per farm worker sown to crops in India 
increased 15 per cent despite a 4.4 per 
cent increase in the number of agricul- 
tural workers. However, should land 
in crops continue to be increased at the 
1950-64 rate, all potentially cultivable 
land in India will be in use within 20 
years; then arable land per agricultural 
worker will fall below the 3.7 acres re- 
ported in 1965 and output per such 
worker will tend to decline. 


M URNING from the world to its 
parts we find that some countries are 
long on food, especially on grain, and 
in 1960 were the source of 53 per cent 
of the world's calories and nearly 80 
per cent of the calories in the diets of 
low-income countries. Moreover, much 
of the balance of man's food intake 
consists indirectly of grain in the form 
of animal products. Even so, only 
about 8 per cent of world grain pro- 
duction enters into international trade, 
although grain is the most portable of 

The major net exporters of grain are 
the United States and Canada, with 
Oceania and South Africa adding about 


J i I I i i rT I i irrrTTi ■ VTVi 

15 per cent more. South America, for- 
merly a net exporter, has again become 
one. Each of these regions could ex- 
port more if demand conditions war- 
ranted. Europe, Japan, and the Soviet 
Union are heavy importers on balance 
and in command of foreign exchange as 
well. The remaining grain importers 
are less well supplied with foreign ex- 
change, and as yet purchase smaller 
fractions of their needs than do Japan 
and Western Europe. In 1964-65 Cen- 
tral and Caribbean America imported 
about half their grain consumption; 
North Africa, about one-sixth; West 
Central Africa and West Asia, about 
one-eleventh; and Communist Asia, 
about 7>Vi per cent. 

The cost of American agricultural 
imports to these countries is greatly 
reduced under the terms of Public Law 
480 and similar legislation. In 1967 
about 24 per cent of the $6.4 billion of 
our agricultural exports were thus fi- 
nanced, with about 64 per cent of them 
going to Asia, mainly to India, Pakis- 
tan, South Vietnam, and South Korea. 

The upshot of these data is that the 
role of trade is unimportant. Most 
countries depend almost entirely upon 
their own food production. Therefore, 
the main contribution that the United 
States can make to underdeveloped 
countries is to facilitate improvement 
in their agriculture. Such improvement 
must be directed to increasing yield per 
acre and to bringing new land under 
cultivation insofar as this is econom- 
ically feasible. 

M. T is quite evident that mankind is 
living on borrowed time. Men have 
less than a century in which to solve 
the food problem, and even the likeli- 
hood of a solution shrinks with each 
passing decade. On the one hand, it is 
not likely that world food output can be 
much more than octupled. On the 


other hand, food requirements could 
easily octuple within the next 100 or 
so years, unless population growth 
should be completely halted. For with 
family size in the underdeveloped world 
double what it is in the developed world, 
and with population now growing about 
2 per cent per year in the world at large 
and perhaps 2Vi per cent in the under- 
developed world, aggregate demand for 
food can octuple even though per capita 
consumption increases very slowly. 
Numbers may be expected to reach 
their local upper limits first in densely 
peopled underdeveloped lands, since 
there natural increase is relatively high 
and capacity for augmenting the food 
supply relatively low. 

Can this unsanguine outcome be pre- 
vented? The answer, of course, is in 
the affirmative. The proper question, 
therefore, is this: Will man bring the 
growth of his numbers to a halt within 
a century? Success of sorts has been 
achieved in Taiwan and a few small 
areas, and some millions of births seem 
to have been prevented in India and 
elsewhere in the underdeveloped world. 
Moreover, increasing attention is being 
given the problem, by our State Depart- 
ment through A.I.D., and by many for- 
eign governments and international 
agencies. That the attention is too little, 
however, is well symbolized by the 
Pope's ruling out the only practical 
solution in his recent communication, as 
well as by the disposition of virtually 
every government to permit control of 
family size to remain a private matter 
despite the incapacity or unwillingness 
of most individuals the world over to 
look upon population growth as an im- 
portant source of human ills. All turn 
a blind eye to the adverse external ef- 
fects inflicted on the prudent by most of 
the fecund. 

As Al Smith used to say, let us look 
at the facts. About five years ago a 
lengthy United Nations inquiry dis- 
closed the existence of what one may 
call a fertility syndrome. The U. N. 

experts found that "high-fertility and 
low-fertility countries differ greatly in 
every aspect of economic and social 
achievement" as represented by socio- 
economic indicators. They concluded 
that "the launching of new countries 
upon the transition from high to low 
fertility seems to have been temporarily 
halted; with a few possible exceptions, 
there is little sign of decided downward 
trends having begun in the remaining 
countries of high fertility." Moreover, 
improving chance of survival was con- 
tinuing to counterbalance decline in 
gross reproduction, with the result that 
the true rate of natural increase was 
not being markedly reduced. We now 
are adding each year to a finite world 
65 or more millions of individuals, 
whereas 120 years ago we were adding 
only about 8 millions. 

Little hope is warranted even by the 
behavior of fertility in the so-called de- 
veloped world. Consider the United 
States, a country where, as elsewhere, 
population growth, together with in- 
dustrialization, is steadly reducing man's 
options whilst giving rise to ever more 
pollution, producing urban concentra- 
tion and its attendant evils, and gen- 
erating a variety of social costs and 
diseases. In face of this prospect, ac- 
tual as well as desired professedly 
"ideal" family size remains above three, 
at levels probably sufficient to double 
the nation's population every 50 years 
and increase it to 1 .2 billion by the year 

Publicists marvel at man's inability 
to solve many of his social problems 
when he can at great expense put a man 
on a moon long ago described by Victor 
Hugo as the "kingdom of dream, prov- 
ince of illusion, capital Soap-Bubble." 
They fail to note that it is much easier 
to unite men in efforts to overcome the 
resistance of Nature than to associate 
them effectively in efforts requiring the 
subordination of individual greed to an 
equitably defined common good. The 
former is a technical problem whereas 


the latter is a moral problem and hence 
subject to the very limited capacity of 
the Unseen Hand to eventuate in a gen- 
erally acceptable solution. This Hand 
provides effective guidance to men 
joined together in a freely competitive 
system by a set of uncontrolled and 
interdependent prices. Indeed, it could 
provide guidance on a wider scale were 
it not subverted by governments and 
diverse enclaves of group-serving power. 
Cybernetic guidance is unlikely to prove 
adequate, however, in so-called demo- 
cratic societies of contemporary vintage, 
societies shot through with liberal hu- 
manism and indiscipline of all sorts, and 
prone to elevate a timid political leader- 
ship, variously subservient to irrespon- 
sible intellectuals and trade-union czars 
as well as to military-industrial com- 
plexes in search of profits and enamored 
of computerized morality and think- 
tank rationale. 

There is no point to searching for a 
solution to the population problem in 
terms of gadgets and techniques, even 
when well-publicized in this Age of Un- 
critical Media. Nor is a solution to be 
had in the approaches of organizations 
counting upon "responsible" parent- 
hood, upon man's "conscience," to 
regulate family size effectively, in an 
epoch when an age of "conscience" is 
but an age of privilege for those devoid 
of "conscience." A frailer reed than 
conscience to lean upon would be hard 
to imagine, particularly in egalitarian 
Western societies which underwrite 
most if not all of the economic costs of 
child-bearing and child-rearing, and 
without even requiring potential par- 
ents to restrict family size in keeping 
with welfare-conserving standards. Al- 
though a child's achievement is highly 
correlated with his home background, 
it is not generally accepted that the 
bearing of children must be viewed as 
a privilege to be earned by potential 
parents through establishment of ca- 
pacity to provide a satisfactory environ- 
ment for children. Instead, large fami- 

lies are sanctioned even though the in- 
cidence of poverty and related hazards 
tends to increase with family size. 

The Population Problem, together 
with its companion, the Hunger Prob- 
lem, is, as Garrett Hardin points out, 
incapable of technical solution and re- 
solvable only "through a fundamental 
extension in morality." In the distant 
past when numbers were sparse and 
land was plentiful, augmentation of the 
size of a family could not significantly 
affect others than members of the family 
in question. Today conditions are dif- 
ferent. As a rule, increase in the size 
of one family imposes costs on others 
inasmuch as the total cost arising from 
such increase is not now imposed on 
the responsible family and hence is not 
fed back to it and thus enabled to serve 
as a deterrent. Perhaps numbers would 
be sufficiently controlled if each family 
were required to bear all costs (includ- 
ing education in keeping with publicly 
set standards) of children beyond the 
two required to replace the parents. If 
this economic constraint proved insuffi- 
cient, an additional monetary or physi- 
cal cost might be imposed on those 
exceeding the limit of two. Even then 
enough additional children would be 
born to keep the aggregate number at 
or even above the replacement level. 
In essence, what is needed is an ade- 
quate set of definite social arrangements 
in place of the current freedom to 
breed. Such an arrangement would pay 
off tremendously since, as Stephen Enke 
has shown, every dollar spent in pre- 
venting births yields a return of many 
dollars, one perhaps 50-100 or more 
times as high as the return on any other 
form of investment undertaken in most 
underdeveloped countries. 

In the past a Panglossian theme has 
run through commentaries on increase 
in population pressure. It almost takes 
on the guise of what Candide's friend, 
referring to a succession of misfortunes, 
called "something indispensable in this 
best of worlds." The disposition to 

take countervailing action when popu- 
lation pressure increases remains much 
stronger than the disposition to prevent 
this increase in the first place. Even 
so, the status quo ante is seldom re- 
stored and the alternative uses of the 
countervailing inputs are lost. It costs 
much less to prevent undesirable popu- 
lation growth than to offset it, even 
when, as is seldom true, that is possible. 
It is said that the Past generally has 
a better reputation than it deserves. It 
may also be said that, given the popu- 
lation prospect, our so-called scientific 
tea-leaf-readers may be conferring upon 
the Future a much more attractive 
reputation than it will deserve. One 
must not, however, adopt postulates 
that can eventuate in but one Future. 
That Future is still conditional. A 
suitable moral solution still can make 
a satisfactory Future realizable if, by 
the early part of the next century, it 
reduces fertility to the replacement level. 
For then most of mankind will be as- 
sured of plenty of food and space and 
perhaps also of freedom from the threat 
of the Stork's triggering off thermo- 
nuclear devastation. Time is running 
out, however, and only very determined 
governments can actualize a suitable 

Explanatory Note: In the text above, I 
refer several times to income-elasticity of 
demand, not for calories but for food ex- 
pressed in terms of dollars. The latter, of 
course, is higher than the former, and 
slower to decline. Calorific intake is lim- 
ited, as Adam Smith long ago implied, but 
not man's ability to derive sustenance from 
increasingly expensive albeit not Lucullan 
sources. The significance of this distinc- 
tion consists in the fact that calorific yield 
per acre of expensive food is much lower 
than that of simple food (e.g., cereals), 
perhaps 50 or more per cent lower. Ex- 
pensive diets therefore use up agricultural 
capacity faster than simple, mainly cereal 
diets. More Nebuchadnezzars could be 
supported per acre after the king's encoun- 
ter with the Prophet Daniel than before. 

Dr. Spengler, who recently gave this 
paper at Tulane University, is a past 
president of the American Economic 


The Case 

of the 

Overworked Physician: 

The Fifteen- Year Syndrome 

By Dr. E. Harvey Estes, Jr. 
Professor of Community Health Sciences 

DR. Jones graduated from 
medical school in 1950, 
having made a better than 
average academic record. 
He had always considered practice his 
goal, and prior to medical school vis- 
ualized himself in general practice in 
his home town. He found that general 
practice was not to his liking, but in- 
ternal medicine offered him a specialty 
practice with many of the close pa- 
tient contacts and responsibilities which 
were attractive in general practice. Con- 
sequently he accepted a straight in- 
ternship in medicine in an excellent 
teaching center and followed this with 
three years of medical residency. These 
were hard but happy and productive 
years, and he was completely satisfied 
with his training and convinced that he 
could offer his patients superior care. 
He married as a senior in medical 
school. His wife, a graduate of a 
neighboring university, taught school 
for two years, but the arrival of a son 
terminated this activity. His parents 
were willing to lend the young family 
funds so that she could remain at home 
with the family. Two more children, 
both daughters, arrived in due course. 
Dr. Jones began practice in a town 
of 50,000 people, located about 100 


miles from his home town. The town 
was progressive, growing, and had 
good schools and attractive homes. 
Everyone agreed that more physicians 
were needed. He found a modest home 
which he was able to finance without 
difficulty. His office and equipment 
were expensive, but again the local 
banks were more than willing to finance 
their acquisition. The hospital was bet- 
ter than average, and the other phy- 
sicians were competent and helpful. 
His accumulated debt was frightening, 
but his financial advisers assured him 
that this would be no problem. 

The other physicians told him that 
a practice could be established by easy 
availability, especially at night and on 
weekends. To his delight, he found 
this true. His practice grew by leaps 
and bounds, many patients being re- 
ferred by other physicians, but more by 
recommendation of other patients. His 
interest and skill were obvious, and his 
patients were more than pleased. 

After one year, his appointment book 
was about full, and he was also busy 
almost every night and part of the 
weekend. The journals were beginning 
to stack up (unread) on his desk, but 
his patients were receiving excellent 
care, and his debt was beginning to de- 

cline. It would have declined more 
rapidly, but he decided to join the 
country club and to replace the wife's 
old station wagon with a newer model. 
After all, she had economized and 
"done without" for six years! 

Five years after entering practice, he 
was extremely happy with his practice. 
His daylight hours in the office were 
filled to overflowing, and his hospital 
practice was almost too large. He re- 
ceived few nuisance night calls, but 
there were a disturbing number of real 
emergencies which arose in his patients. 
He found that he was often unable to 
spend enough time with hospitalized 
patients unless he utilized the early 
evening hours for this purpose. There 
were a couple of nagging problems. 
Reading was becoming more difficult to 
squeeze into his busy schedule, and he 
was spending too few hours with his 
growing family. Nevertheless, his pa- 
tients were receiving excellent care and 
the debt was almost paid. A new and 
larger house near the country club was 
being planned, and the anticipation 
seemed to shore up his wife's occasion- 
ally lagging spirits. 

Ten years after entering practice, he 
was busier than ever. He preferred 
not to accept new patients, but close 

friends and old patients were insistent 
that he take still another, so his practice 
was enlarging slowly. His previous pa- 
tients were also a bit older, and seemed 
to develop an increasing number of 
complications and exacerbations — usu- 
ally at awkward times. The new home 
was completed three years previously, 
and was a real showpiece. He only 
wished that he were able to enjoy it. 
Relaxation in town always seemed im- 
possible, so a cottage in the mountains 
was added to the family's holdings. 

There were now some persistent 
problems. Several patients were re- 
ferred to the medical center and re- 
turned with diagnoses which he had 
not even considered. Several tests had 
been performed with which he was not 
familiar. He knew that he had not been 
reading (how could he read when this 
time was needed for practice), but he 
was now becoming acutely aware that 
medicine was moving ahead of him. 

His wife was also chronically un- 
happy. Much of this was centered 
about their son and his problems. He 
was now twelve, and in spite of a good 
I.Q., was producing barely adequate 
grades. He also had occasional periods 
of depression and rebellion. If only 
there was more opportunity to be with 

him. His wife often pointed out his 
failure in this area, but everyone knew 
his schedule, and the real impossibility 
of ignoring a sick patient. The mort- 
gage on the new home was now his only 
debt, and there was a reserve savings 
account in the bank. A post graduate 
course would be welcomed, but there 
was no one to take care of patients 
and office. A younger partner had been 
considered and initial efforts at securing 
such a person had begun, but it seemed 
that recent graduates wanted unreason- 
able concessions and an extremely high 

Fifteen years after entering practice, 
Dr. Jones appeared at the desk of the 
medical director of a large insurance 
company. After several months of self 
examination and calculation, he had 
decided to leave his practice and take a 
salaried position with an insurance com- 
pany. He had considered returning to 
the medical center and entering sub- 
specialty training, but had decided that 
sacrifices would be too great. 

The decision had been difficult be- 
yond belief. He loved town, home, 
friends, and patients; but, considered 
from every direction, two problems re- 
mained which seemed insurmountable. 
He could not limit the time spent in 

practice or reduce his patient load 
without hurting those who for years 
had depended on him as their physician. 
The other problem, which he never 
shared, even with close friends, was 
the growing awareness that he was not 
offering the top quality care which he 
had once done. Medicine had moved 
ahead, leaving him ten years behind! 
Though unable to express this, it was 
a major factor in his decision. His own 
ego and self respect were taking a 
beating. His patients never complained 
and valued his judgment as much as 
ever, but he knew that his medical 
judgment in certain areas was definitely 
less than authoritative. 

Thus, fifteen years after entering 
practice, Dr. Jones and family tearfully 
departed for a large northeastern city. 
He had easily located a position as an 
assistant medical director with an in- 
surance company, at a relatively good 
salary and a forty-hour week. The fif- 
teen-year syndrome had claimed an- 
other victim, and another community 
physician was lost. 

Dr. Estes has been at Duke since com- 
pleting his residency here in 1953. He 
became chairman of the department of 
community health sciences in 1966. 


Can Duke Come to the Rescue 

By Caroline Carlton John 

Can the "fifteen-year syndrome" be 
cured to the benefit of both the 
physician and the community? Dr. 
Estes and others in the department 
of community health sciences be- 
lieve that it can be, and that their 
work is already showing progress. 

THE basic cause of the "fif- 
teen-year syndrome" referred 
to by Dr. Estes is that doctors 
who deliver primary medical 
care — the general practitioner, the 
general internist, pediatrician, obstetri- 
cian-gynecologist, and even the general 
surgeon — are overloaded with patients. 
This burden is exaggerated by the fact 
that a five-day, forty-hour week is now 
the standard against which an individ- 
ual's work, including the doctor's, is 
measured. An added element is the 
daily advances and discoveries in the 
medical sciences, which make continual 
updating of knowledge mandatory. 

Compounding the problems of prac- 
ticing physicians is the fact that med- 
ical students are well aware of the 
dilemmas confronting the primary 
practitioner. Accordingly, those who 
originally considered a more general 
practice channel themselves, instead, 
into specialties or subspecialties, thus 
providing little relief for their more 
broadly based predecessors. 

Two other alarming consequences 

Opposite page: Physician's assistant un- 
dergoes training in emergency proce- 
dures at Duke Medical Center. 

result from the "syndrome" experienced 
by the physician. Patients and the com- 
munity suffer from lack of adequate 
health care. And unless more is done 
and done rapidly, the problems encoun- 
tered by all three groups may reach 
epidemic proportions. The gap is wid- 
ening daily between medical knowledge 
and its delivery to the patient and the 

The patient does not dissect his prob- 
lem. He views it as a total one — he 
cannot get care when he needs it. How- 
ever, his problem can be broken down 
and is similar to that of the doctor: 
the shortage of health manpower; the 
rapidly growing cost to the point of 
prohibitiveness of health care, especial- 
ly in hospitals; the patient's inability to 
form an attachment to a physician, and 
consequently, his loss of continuous 
health care, both preventive and follow- 

The community is a vital part of 
the health care triangle, and increasing- 
ly must become a partner in providing 
care. The physician cannot solve many 
of his patients' problems without com- 
plex equipment and facilities which 
must necessarily be located in and 
financed by community hospitals. The 
community must also bear the cost of 
medical care for its indigent citizens. 

Communities must find ways, despite 
the spiraling cost of construction (now 
between twenty and thirty thousand 
dollars per hospital bed) and the fre- 
quent defeat of bond issues, to finance 
centers of care. They must also find 
the medical leadership to recruit phy- 

sicians and other health care personnel 
and to promote regional facilities which 
are too costly for one community to 

Within the community, an attitudinal 
problem also must be reckoned with — 
physicians must learn to think in terms 
of innovative patterns — not in conser- 
vative sets of health care delivery. 
They must be willing to observe and to 
try new methods of practice. 

The goal of the department of com- 
munity health sciences, which was es- 
tablished as a part of the Medical Cen- 
ter in 1966, can be simply stated, if 
not so simply achieved: to explore the 
techniques which will enable physicians 
to deliver high quality health care to 
larger numbers of the population. 

Dr. E. Harvey Estes, Jr., presides 
over the department in cramped quar- 
ters in an annex of the Statler Hilton 
Inn near the Medical Center. Working 
with him are a diverse group of M.D.'s 
and Ph.D.'s who research the techniques 
of health care delivery rather than 
mechanisms or treatment of disease. 

They work in four basic areas: ad- 
ministration; community teaching and 
demonstration system; academic pro- 
grams; and health care programs. 

Dr. Louis R. Pondy, who holds a 
dual appointment in the new School of 
Business Administration, is director of 
social research for the department of 
community health sciences. He is re- 
sponsible for evaluating patient and 
physician desires as they relate to the 
program and for measuring the degree 
to which these desires are met by the 


individual projects. Dr. Pondy has per- 
formed studies on patient acceptance 
of the physician's assistant, the role 
concept of the physician's assistant as 
he sees himself and as he is viewed by 
nurses and physicians, and his cost-ef- 
fectiveness in various areas. Dr. Pondy 
discovered that the greatest and most 
favorable acceptance of the physician's 
assistant comes from middle income 
groups. Although the low and high in- 
come groups do not reject the P. A., his 
acceptance is limited on the one hand 
by the low income group, whose mem- 
bers feel that they are receiving "sec- 
ond-class" treatment because of their 
low income status, and limited on the 
other hand by the feeling of the 
wealthier patients that they expect and 
are willing to pay for the very best in 
medical care. 

Dr. Max A. Woodbury, who is head 
of the division of biomathematics and 
computers and holds professorial ap- 
pointments in mathematics and bio- 
mathematics, serves as director of the 
advanced simulation development unit. 
Dr. Woodbury uses math models and 
predictions to determine statistically the 
results of anticipated programs; for ex- 
ample, the number of patients who 
could be effectively treated were a phy- 
sician's assistant added to a group prac- 

Serving as administrative assistant to 
Dr. Estes is Mr. C. W. Smith, with 
remaining slots to be filled by a director 
of production research and a director 
of medical center data processing. 

There exist three academic pro- 
grams: biomathematics and computers, 
directed by Dr. Woodbury; biostatistics, 
under Dr. William O'Fallon; and epi- 
demiology under Dr. Siegfried Heyden. 
During their second year, medical stu- 
dents receive an introduction to the 
uses of mathematical tools and com- 
puters, with opportunities for advanced 
study if desired. In epidemiology, ex- 
amples of disease patterns in popula- 
tion groups provide the basis for in- 
troduction to this discipline. 

Under the community teaching and 
demonstration system, project directors 
are in charge of four major innovative 
undertakings: the Physician's Assistant 
Program, directed by Dr. Robert D. 
Howard and Mr. James C. Mau; the 
Automated Medical Record Program, 
by Dr. H. K. Thompson; and the Group 


Practice Program and Physician Sup- 
port Unit, both under the direction of 
Dr. Frank P. Dalton. 

Of the departmental programs, the 
training of physician's assistants has 
become the most widely known and 
discussed and has been the subject of 
numerous articles and editorials in the 
lay and medical press. Look and News- 
week, as well as professional journals 
such as Medical Economics and the 
JAMA have offered their favorable 
opinions that new paramedical person- 
nel may be the best answer to the short- 
age of doctors. Other medical centers, 
hospitals, and some colleges have begun 
similar programs, but Duke's was one 
of the first and is almost certainly the 
best known. The program is a broad- 
based, twenty-four month course of 
study designed to produce an individual 
with the training and clinical experience 
to take over many routine and time- 
consuming chores now done by phy- 

"They will in effect extend the doc- 
tor's arms and legs to provide care for 
more people," Dr. Estes says. 

But the physician's assistant will 
not be a "junior physician" nor will he 
work without supervision. According 
to Dr. Estes, the assistant's functions 
are carefully delineated. "Practicing 
medicine basically is diagnosing and 
prescribing treatment. The new assis- 
tant will take no part in traditional 
doctor functions. But he can help the 
doctor to diagnose, and administer treat- 
ment after it's prescribed. This makes 
the doctor more efficient. 

The first class of three physician's 
assistants were all employed by the 
Duke Medical Center; the second class 
of nine has two members working with 
physicians in private practice, one who 
is entering a major occupational health 
program and the remaining number en- 
gaged in clinical work in the Medical 
Center or in teaching in the P.A. train- 
ing program. The third class of twelve 
will graduate in September; plans call 
for rapid expansion of the class size, 
with thirty-six students entering this 

The program has generated an over- 
whelming response — more than 2,000 
inquiries and 600 applications from all 
over the country were received this past 
year. The program is restricted to ap- 
plicants with health-service back- 

grounds such as former medics and 
navy corpsmen, practical nurses or med- 
ical technicians. 

FUNDING the program has been 
a problem. Federal money has 
not been available thus far, and 
the costs have been borne by 
the private Josiah Macy, Jr., Founda- 
tion and by Duke. Students pay no 
tuition and in the past have received a 
$200-a-month stipend. This stipend is 
no longer supplied, with most students 
depending on support from the G.I. 

The curriculum includes lectures and 
lab work in traditional medical dis- 
ciplines and on-the-job instruction in 
departments of the Medical Center. 
Such theoretical and practical training 
is designed to qualify the physician's 
assistant to do a number of things nor- 
mally done by doctors — take histories, 
perform physical examinations, draw 
blood, monitor vital signs, give medica- 
tions, carry out allergy testing. He can 
also handle many of the technician's 
tasks, such as r unn ing tests on urine 
and blood or operating EKG machines. 
The first year of the program is spent 
in learning essentials in anatomy, phys- 
iology, pharmacology and other med- 
ical subjects, plus courses in medical 
electronics and equipment repair. The 
second year contains rotations through 
various hospital, clinic and office prac- 
tice experiences, in addition to elective 

The assistants, according to Dr. Estes, 
are also trained in a 'bed-side manner,' 
thus saving the doctor more time. 
"Someone used to tell a patient that he 
was going to get a lung scan and it 
would scare him half to death. He 
didn't know what was going to happen. 
If anyone calmed him at all, it had to 
be the doctor. Now the doctor's time 
is saved for more productive things. 
The assistants are trained to talk in 
that way to patients concerning all 
routine tests. They tell them what the 
tests will reveal." 

In essence, the physician's assistant 
will be trained to perform the repetitive 
actions of the doctor: measurements, 
portions of history and portions of 
physicals; and technical tasks — such 
things as computer-administered med- 
ical questionnaires, continuous cardiac 
monitoring units, renal dialysis units. 

The doctor will always be responsible 
for the decision-making. He alone has 
the training and the ability to modify 
medical actions in response to unex- 
pected or unusual circumstances. 

A major phase of the department, 
the multiphasic screening clinic, has not 
yet gotten underway because of the 
lack of funds to build the necessary 
5,000 square-foot facility. This clinic 
will be designed for rapid, sequential 
performance of a fairly fixed series of 
laboratory measurements and other ob- 
servations. With efficient organization, 
highly skilled technical personnel and 
the use of computers, direct recording 
devices and automatic analyzers, the 
series of tests will be carried out with 
great speed, precision, and low cost. 
Physician time with the patient is much 
more profitably spent, as this interac- 
tion begins only after considerable in- 
formation has been collected, organized, 
and recorded. 

The screening clinic, according to Dr. 
Estes, would be a community facility 
available to all physicians in the area. 
It would provide experience and train- 
ing for medical students, physicians, 
and other trainees, as well as a means 
of accumulating data in future health 
care research and preventive care. It 
would also be a model to validate the 
usefulness of such a clinic in other com- 
munities, and a setting where non-phy- 
sicians could be used to their greatest 

The Automated Medical Record Pro- 
gram, directed by Dr. H. K. Thompson, 
may someday make physicians as famil- 
iar with computers as they are with 
their stethoscopes. The program is de- 
signed to explore the computer's use as 
an aid to the physician in his daily 
work, not merely as a place for the stor- 
age of records or receipts. Some of the 
hopes for the computer include an es- 
tablished community-wide file of health 
care events readily available with in- 
formation necessary for decisions and 
the avoidance of test duplications and 
a decision support system which pro- 
vides the latest medical information and 
suggested diagnoses. Here again the 
physician's time would be conserved, 
his medical care delivery would be 
speedier, and he would have the benefit 
of a "consulting" computer-physician. 

As previously mentioned, third and 
fourth year medical students may elect 

courses in computers and biostatistics. 
According to members of the depart- 
ment, they hope to attract "bright 
young men to computers and statistics 
by this experience, thus providing a 
pool of future manpower, both for re- 
search and for increasing utilization of 
computers in the function of the prac- 
ticing physician in the future." 

Vital to the study of new tools and 
personnel are areas of actual delivery 
of health care. Currently, active pro- 
vision of care is being carried out in 
two areas: the Faculty Health Program, 
a daily clinic providing a broad range 
of family medical care under the direc- 
tion of Dr. James McFarland; and the 
Student Health Program for the entire 
student population of the University, 
now incorporated under the depart- 
ment's jurisdiction and headed by Dr. 
Richard Portwood. 

A T present, planning is being 
/% carried out toward the de- 

I m velopment of a division of 
I JL. occupational health in the 
department. If an appropriate design 
can be worked out, and expectations 
are that it can, the Employee Health 
Service operation will be taken into this 
division with provision of care for the 
6,000 non-academic employees of the 
Medical Center and University. Also, 
following several meetings with exec- 
utives of the American Tobacco Com- 
pany, it now appears that responsibility 
for direction of their health program 
will be assumed by the department in 
the near future. Through such activ- 
ities and potentially similar ones in 
other industrial settings, research in the 
use of new tools and personnel can be 
readily accomplished in areas such as 
health education, pre-employment eval- 
uation, environmental surveys, and con- 
tinuing care. 

Two other department programs, the 
group practice program and the phy- 
sician support unit, may serve as models 
for the alleviation of the "fifteen-year 

A group practice in Durham was be- 
gun by the department, staffed with one 
physician, who was to assist in other 
department projects, a nurse, and a 
physician's assistant. Within a month, 
the doctor's practice had grown to its 
limits. Two additional physicians 
joined the group in July. They too will 

devote time to the activities of the de- 

The group practice model, the de- 
partment feels, will provide a model for 
students and house officers interested in 
entering group practice in community 
medicine. It will be a site for innovative 
techniques, a place for consultation for 
those interested in group practice, and 
a setting in which patients can receive 
optimum medical care. 

The first group operates in relation 
to Watts Hospital, the community hos- 
pital, on a fee-for-service basis. 

Dr. Dalton, the physician hired to be- 
gin the group practice, also served as 
director of the physician support unit, 
located at Watts Hospital. He and a 
secretary helped in establishing a House 
Staff Program there, found a dietitian 
who would consult with community 
physicians in drawing up diets for pa- 
tients, and instructed hospital personnel 
in cardiac emergency care procedures. 
To expedite this, a film was prepared by 
the Duke Medical Center's audiovisual 
department on the procedure, and it is 
shown to all new employees. 

In the long range plan the depart- 
ment calls for the Physician Support 
Center to provide for the community 
physician a tangible line with the Med- 
ical Center and its facilities; to provide 
access to postgraduate education; to 
provide a means for feedback of in- 
formation from practicing physicians 
to the department and to its projects; to 
provide a mechanism for the conduct 
of long-term clinical research by com- 
munity physicians on a cooperative 

In short, the department of commu- 
nity health sciences is working out the 
solution to the Biblical injunction "phy- 
sician cure thyself," hoping to identify 
and alleviate problems created by the 
nature of the profession and the so- 
ciety it serves. By educating medical 
students to the problems they will face 
in terms of time, the knowledge ex- 
plosion, overload, and the other de- 
mands of medical practice, and giving 
them and physicians now practicing 
some of the tools — physician's assis- 
tants, understanding of health statistics, 
computer methods, improved group 
practice techniques, multiphasic screen- 
ing clinics — they are, in turn, helping 
to solve the problem of delivery of 
health care to patients and communities. 


Coat of arms of the Duke family of 
Benhall Lodge, Suffolk, England, 
conferred upon Sir Richard Edward 
Duke in 1661 when King Charles II 
rewarded his loyalty to the crown 
with a baronetage. 

The sources for the history of the 
Duke family have been scattered and 
varied, thus reflecting the story 
of this energetic group. Perhaps it is 
this quality of lively variety in 
their activities which has made it 
so difficult to trace their lives. The 
reconstruction of their history has been 
made possible at this time by the 
gathering of material within the Uni- 
versity's William R. Perkins Library. 

In the manuscript department in 
the papers of James Buchanan Duke 
is a remarkable series of reports 
written in 1927 by Charles Caldwell, 
a lawyer involved in settling claims 
under Item VI of the will of Mr. 
Duke. The trustees of his estate had 
to identify the legal heirs of the 
brothers and sisters of Artelia (Roney) 
and Washington Duke. "Uncle Char- 
lie" Caldwell, through long, hot, 
dusty hours, meticulously copied every 

legal record bearing the name of 
Duke in the Orange County archives 
from 1750 through 1870. He visited 
the court house in Hillsborough and 
the Department of Archives and 
History in Raleigh during his search. 
Moreover, he drove over the country 
roads of Orange, Durham, and 
Granville counties to gather local 
color as well as facts in interviews 
with old-timers who remembered the 
lively Dukes of the mid-nineteenth 
century. This remarkable survey 
did more than help settle an estate; it 
outlined the structure of the Duke 
family of North Carolina in the only 
valid way. 

Upon this basis, pieces in the puzzle 
of Duke family history have fallen 
into place from many sources whose 
origin ranges from the parishes of 
Suffolk in East Anglia to the plan- 
tations of the James River. — V. G. 


A Goodly Heritage: The Dukes of Orange County 

By Virginia Gray 

Assistant Curator, Manuscript Department 

Perkins Library 

Part One of a Two-Part Series 

WHEN James Buchanan Duke asked 
that the name of Trinity College be 
changed to Duke University, he was 
establishing a memorial to his father, 
Washington Duke, long a benefactor of 
the College. He was also following a 
family pattern of even longer duration. 
For many generations the Duke family 
were a closely knit unit, working to- 
gether as a group on their lands and 
moving together into new ventures. 
Younger members of the family looked 
for help to their older brothers and sis- 
ters. Concern for neighbors and friends 
was also a family characteristic, while 
compassion for those less fortunate was 
displayed as early as 1559, when John 
Duke of Bungay, Suffolk, England, left 
in his will provision for the poor of his 
parish. Hence the establishment of an 
endowment by James B. Duke in 1924 
to honor his father and to help his 
neighbors in his home state was a con- 
tinuation of a family heritage. 

The Duke history spans almost eight 
centuries, during which a surprisingly 
large number of records establishing 
their identity managed to survive the 
destruction of wars, migrations, and 
time itself. Ancient church monuments, 
land deeds, and marriage records may 
be coldly legal, but they authenticate 
the footsteps of this lively, intelligent 
family through its journey from the 
lands of an English manor in Suffolk to 
the frontiers of early Virginia and North 
Carolina. The Dukes traveled from the 
calm fields of East Anglia to the wilder- 
ness of seventeenth-century America, 
where they cleared the forest from the 
land on which they planted tobacco, 
thus beginning their long association 
with that commodity. 

From the beginning of their story the 
Dukes followed a pattern of public ser- 
vice, sometimes in high office, other 
times in lowly local duties. The first 
recorded member of the family was the 
Norman, Roger le Due, who became 

the High Sheriff of London in 1190. 
He was followed by his son, Peter, and 
his grandson, Roger, as shires (high 
sheriffs) of the city. By the fourteenth 
century their descendant, Walter Duke, 
was living in Suffolk on land at Shading- 
field. He is the first Duke to be desig- 
nated "of Brampton," the parish in 
which the family had settled. The 
Dukes held land in both Redisham and 
Shadingfield, where in 1476 Thomas 
Duke is recorded in possession of the 
manors of Strattons and Elysees. Here 
on August 8 he held his first court- 
baron for these lordships. The family 
lived on these estates for almost two 
hundred and fifty years. As their land 
was near the corporation of Beccles on 
a turnpike, they left records in that 
town. Never holding the manor of 
Brampton, these ancient Dukes did hold 
the lordship of Hales Hall for many 
years, finally selling it in 1631. 

The English chronology of the family 
is found in The History and Antiquities 
of the County of Suffolk published by 
Alfred Suckling in London in 1846. 
Besides local records Suckling quotes 
a still older historian, the London book- 
seller, Thomas Wotton (d. 1766), who 
wrote of the Dukes in 1727 in his Eng- 
lish Baronets, being a Genealogical 
and Historical Account of their Fami- 
lies. The many branches of the Dukes 
who appear in various parts of England 
and Ireland came from the same lin- 
eage many centuries ago. But the 
Dukes of Orange and Durham counties, 
North Carolina, are descended from the 
Suffolk family of Benhall Lodge, Bramp- 
ton Parish, County of Suffolk, England. 

The children of Thomas Duke, who 
lived in the reign of Edward III, formed 
a number of families in Suffolk. An 
ancient roll of knights' fees from Bramp- 
ton holds the name of Robert Duke, 
probably his third son. It is supposed 
that the family of Robert Duke built the 
chapel on the south side of the chancel 

of All Saints Church in Worlingham 
Parish in the Hundred of Wangford, 
thus illustrating another Duke tradition. 
Through their history the family ex- 
hibited a deep interest in religion, 
whether it was to establish a Catholic 
chapel in Suffolk, England, or a Meth- 
odist camp meeting in Orange County, 
North Carolina. Perhaps the climax of 
this interest was the building of the 
Gothic Chapel at Duke University. 

The Duke line continued through 
William, the oldest son of Thomas Duke 
of Brampton, to Edward Duke, who 
owned the estate of Brusyard cum Ver- 
dons at Shadingfield and purchased the 
estate of Benhall. This Edward of Ben- 
hall (d. 1598) with his wife, Dorothy 
(Jermyn) Duke, and their sixteen chil- 
dren are in lino brass in St. Mary's, the 
Benhall Church. His son, Ambrose, 
and his daughter-in-law, Elizabeth, were 
listed in 1926 as being so portrayed in 
effigy, but the church today does not 
have their plaques. 

Another parish church, St. Peter's 
at Brampton, was also involved in fam- 
ily history. Here Alice Duke, wife of 
Robert, was buried in 1437. Its rec- 
ords before 1760 were burned by work- 
men about 1795, so that no written 
account of the Dukes remains there. 

Ambrose Duke died in 1610, leaving 
his estate to a young son, Edward. This 
Duke, who lived during the struggle 
between Parliament and the King in 
the mid-seventeenth century, remained 
loyal to the House of Stuart. He mar- 
ried twice, at least, and is reported to 
have had twenty-nine children. In 
1638, the year in which he became the 
High Sheriff of Suffolk, Edward Duke 
built Benhall Lodge. 

With the restoration of the monarchy 
under King Charles II, Edward Duke 
was created the 371st English baronet 
on July 16, 1661. He lived only nine 
years to enjoy his new title, which 
passed in 1670 to his oldest son, Sir 


John Duke. This line came to an end 
in 1732 when Sir Edward Duke, the 
son of Sir John, died without heirs. 

Alfred Suckling, the historian of Suf- 
folk, quoted old Thomas Wotton when 
he wrote that none of the twenty-nine 
children of Sir Edward, save John 
Duke, "survived." Actually they appear 
in the records of the period, very much 

Many younger sons of Royalist fami- 
lies sought adventure, refuge, and eco- 
nomic opportunity in the friendly Col- 
ony of Virginia; so it was with the 
Dukes and their kin. 

Among the older children of Sir Ed- 
ward Duke was his daughter, Jane, who 
married Henry Wyatt, the son of Sir 
Francis Wyatt, the Royal Governor of 
Virginia, 1621-1625, and 1639-1641. 
The Dukes of Benhall Lodge must have 
heard many details of the frontier life 
in the mysterious new world across the 
Atlantic Ocean before the death of 
Henry Wyatt in 1658. Among the 
other children in this large family were 
Alathea Duke, who married Offley 
Jenney in 1666, and Elizabeth Duke, 
who married Nathaniel Bacon of Friston 
in 1670. 

Nathaniel was the dashing son of a 
neighbor with Cromwellian sympathies 
and he won the heart of Elizabeth. In 
spite of the threat of her Royalist father 
to disinherit her, Elizabeth Duke mar- 
ried Nathaniel Bacon and sailed for 
Virginia in 1670 in the year of the death 
of Sir Edward. 

Sometime in the 1660's another Duke. 
William, left Suffolk and settled on the 
James River in the parish of Martin's 
Brandon in Charles City County in Vir- 
ginia. This William was probably the 
older brother of Elizabeth (Duke) 
Bacon. No record survives of his com- 
ing into Virginia, but all circumstances 
at this time point to his being the son 
of Sir Edward Duke. He could have 
been a nephew, but this is highly im- 
probable. Elizabeth and Nathaniel Ba- 
con settled at Curies Neck in Charles 
City County near William Duke. Young 
Bacon immediately began to build a 
home for his bride, a brick house called 
"Bacon's Castle" which still stands to- 
day, one of the oldest seventeenth cen- 
tury structures surviving in Virginia. 
He also began to oppose the policies 
of the Royal Governor, Sir William 
Berkeley, especially in regard to leniency 

with marauding Indians. William Duke 
became the enthusiastic supporter of 
Bacon in the troubled years between 
1670 and 1676, when Bacon's so-called 
rebellion collapsed with his death. 

In the Public Record Office in Lon- 
don is preserved a letter written in 1676 
by Elizabeth (Duke) Bacon to her "dear 
sister" in England in which she de- 
scribed the mode of life on the Virginia 
frontier with the deadly raids of the 
Indians complicating the problems of 
the new community. After the death 
of her husband in 1676 and her remar- 
riage, she returned to England. In the 
following years she unsuccessfully sued 
to recover her Duke inheritance, ap- 
pearing in the records of the corpora- 
tion of Beccles in Suffolk. Eventually 
she came to an agreement with her old- 
est brother, John, who gave her a por- 
tion of the estate of their father, Sir 

To complicate the picture two other 
Dukes appeared in these days in Vir- 
ginia. One named John settled in York 
County; the other named Henry Duke 
joined John in York County after a 
brief stay in the West Indies. Walter 
Garland Duke in Henry Duke Coun- 
cilor believed that they were either 
nephews or sons of Sir Edward Duke 
of Benhall Lodge. They were probably 
near relatives, cousins rather than sons, 
unless Sir Edward named another son 
John in addition to his heir, Sir John 
Duke. Henry Duke finally settled in 
James City County on the north bank 
of the James River, where he became 
a prominent official of the colony. His 
son James was married to Mary Byrd 
of "Westover." This Henry Duke Coun- 
cilor was the founder of the large Vir- 
ginia family of Duke. 

William Duke had married before 
1670, when his sister Elizabeth en- 
tered Virginia. His wife was Hannah 
(Grendon) Jennings Bird, the daugh- 
ter of Thomas Grendon and Elizabeth 
(Stegge) Grendon. Walter Duke in 
Henry Duke Councilor describes the 
complicated circle of relatives which 
developed with this marriage into the 
families of Grendon, Stegge, and Byrd. 
William and Hannah Duke lived across 
the James from the estate of "West- 
over." Before the death of William in 
1678 a son Henry and a daughter 
Elizabeth were born. 

The second part of the story of the 

Duke family thus began in the last half 
of the seventeenth century in Virginia. 
Its development in Charles City, Prince 
George, and Brunswick counties is 
ably reported by Walter Duke in Henry 
Duke Councilor. His judgment of the 
few surviving records from these 
"burnt" counties is excellent. The 
American Revolution and the Civil War 
have obliterated many sources which 
could have told the story of these early 
Duke pioneers who lived on the seven- 
teenth century frontier. Charles City 
County, Virginia, became Prince George 
County in 1702, as the English settle- 
ments on the James increased in popu- 
lation and the plantations spread along 
the valley. 

Captain Henry Duke of Prince 
George County, the son of William 
Duke, is not to be confused with his 
contemporary, Henry Duke, Jr., the 
son of Henry Duke Councilor, who 
married Elizabeth Cluverius. Captain 
Henry (d. 1718) had four sons by two 
marriages. John (b. ca. 1699) and 
William (b. ca. 1700) were presumably 
the children of his first wife. 

Elizabeth Taylor, the daughter of 
John Taylor, became his second wife. 
Their two sons were named John Tay- 
lor Duke and Henry Duke. Thus 
through this marriage the name of John 
Taylor came into the Duke family. 
Two sisters of Elizabeth Duke married 
two Hardiman brothers, so that the 
name Hardiman also entered the family 
roster in this generation. 

New lands were opening to the south 
of the James River and its tobacco 
plantations. Brunswick County, Vir- 
ginia, was formed along the North 
Carolina border in 1720, part of its 
land coming from Prince George Coun- 
ty. An old Indian Trading Path swung 
south from Petersburg and Bermuda 
Hundred on the James River through 
Brunswick County into North Carolina. 
Traders and trappers were following 
this trail as early as 1670 across the 
Roanoke River down to the Catawba 
Indian settlements near modern Char- 
lotte, North Carolina. 

By 1727 William Duke (ca. 1700- 
1773), the son of Captain Henry Duke 
and the third generation of the family 
in this country, left the tobacco planta- 
tions on the James River to travel down 
this Indian Trading Path into Brunswick 
County. Here he was joined by John 



■ f ., 

All that remained of the Taylor Duke 
home near Bahama in 1932 was this 
cook-house and a log corn crib. The 
farm was the birthplace of Washington 
Duke and remained in the Duke 
family until 1883, when it was sold 
to A. N. Blalock. Taylor Duke came 
to this farm about 1800, and it is 
the nineteenth-century Dukes who 
Mrs. Gray chronicles in the second 
part of this article in the next Register. 

and John Taylor Duke, his brothers. 
William secured land grants near the 
present border of Greenville County. 
Virginia. Tobacco was grown in this 
section of Virginia and carried back up 
the Indian Path to the market at Peters- 
burg. This trail was fast becoming a 
dirt road for farm wagons. 

When Colonel William Byrd led the 
survey party to determine the dividing 
line between Virginia and North Caro- 
lina in 1728, William Duke accom- 
panied the group along the section of 
the line near his home. 

St. Andrew's Parish, established in 
Brunswick County in 1720, brought the 
Church of England to the frontier. 
The Dukes were presumably members 
of this denomination when they came 
into Virginia. According to Bishop 
William Meade in his Old Virginia 
Churches, Ministers, and Families, St. 
Andrew's Parish soon established small 
chapels through the countryside. By 
1750 these small churches had spread 
south of the Roanoke River. Among 
the names preserved by Bishop Meade 
was that of Duke's Chapel in St. 
Andrew's Parish, but its location has 
long been forgotten. 

William Duke and his wife, Eliza- 
beth, had a large family of sons, but 
legal records mention no daughters. 
One of these boys, John Duke, was born 
in 1730 in Brunswick, so that he was 

still very young when his father and 
older brothers again moved southward. 
William Duke disposed of his holdings 
in Brunswick County, Virginia, by 
1742. Across the dividing line in North 
Carolina a new county, Edgecombe, was 
offering abundant land to settlers. 
Grants generally ranged from 320 to 
640 acres in size. William and his sons, 
William, Jr., Samuel. Joseph, and James 
crossed the Roanoke River to establish 
their families in Edgecombe in the sec- 
tion which eventually formed Warren 

At this point it would be well to note 
that the names of all the Duke chil- 
dren in each generation are not listed in 
the early records. In addition the 
family for many generations kept using 
the same names of William, John, 
Robert, John Taylor, Hardyman, Mary, 
and Elizabeth. There were other names, 
of course, but these were the ones most 
frequently given. They appear in land 
deeds, wills, tax lists, and court minutes, 
good sources of personal information 
before 1800. Not until the American 
Revolution were the names George 
Washington and Washington added to 
the family roster. 

William Duke, Sr., had been ex- 
empted from taxes for the first ten years 
of his stay in frontier Brunswick County. 
Perhaps the land was not so fertile as 
he had hoped for the planting of to- 

bacco. At any rate, shortly after his 
tax exemption expired, he entered the 
new agricultural community in Edge- 
combe County, North Carolina, whose 
planters paid quit rents to Lord Gran- 
ville for their lands by sending produce 
to a collection warehouse at the falls of 
the Roanoke River. Cattle, hogs, and 
tobacco from the plantations traveled 
up the old Indian Trading Path to 

The Duke family soon became resi- 
dents of Granville County, which was 
created from Edgecombe in 1747. With 
the population of the region increasing 
rapidly, the county formed a militia 
regiment as part of the reorganized 
North Carolina forces. The Colonial 
Records of North Carolina contain the 
muster roll of the Granville Regiment 
of Colonel William Eaton. On Octo- 
ber 8, 1754, William Duke, William 
Duke, Jr., Samuel Duke, John Duke, 
and Joseph Duke were enrolled in the 
company of Captain Daniel Harris. 
Robert was in the company of Captain 
Richard Coleman. This is the roster 
of the family of William Duke, the 
group who entered North Carolina from 

Mrs. Gray has written for the Register 
in the past about the military career of 
Washington Duke. The second part of 
this article will appear in the next issue. 


WHEN SIX DIVERS stepped from a 
steel high pressure chamber at Duke 
on July 28, they had just completed a 
series of tests never before duplicated 
under similar conditions. Navy of- 
ficials believe that the two-week sim- 
ulated dive to 600 feet of seawater 
provided the most extensive biomedical 
testing ever made on men in waters of 
any comparable depth. 

Reams of data compiled by auto- 
matic monitors show in minute detail 
the physical and mental reactions of 
the six divers to the 45-degree cold and 
great pressure of 600-foot depths. 
Early observations indicate that the 
Navy equipment designed to sustain the 
men under these conditions, and the 
men themselves, passed their tests. 
"Our preliminary estimate of the dive 
is that the divers can perform heavy 
work at 600 feet in cold water with the 
equipment that we tested and for the 
periods of time during which we tested 
them," said Lt. Cmdr. James Summitt, 
medical officer in charge of the navy's 
Experimental Diving Unit, which col- 
laborated with the Medical Center's hy- 
perbaric unit in staging the dive. 

Although the primary mission of the 
dive seems to have borne out the most 
hopeful expectations, a couple of in- 
triguing findings showed up that may 
be important considerations in future 
plans for ocean dives and almost cer- 
tainly will become topics for future in- 

For one thing, extensive hearing tests 

on the divers indicate that the divers 
experience considerable but temporary 
hearing loss at pressure. Dr. J. C. 
Farmer, of Duke, who along with col- 
leagues from the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill conducted the 
tests, cautioned that detailed analysis of 
his findings had not yet been made. 
But, he said, the hearing loss appears 
to be an effect of pressure alone. It 
is an effect that does clear up as the 
divers return to normal pressure. 

In addition, a Navy psychologist, Lt. 
R. J. Biersner, reported that although 
there appeared to be only a small def- 
icit in simple motor ability when the 
men were in cold water under pressure, 
there was about a 50 per cent deficit in 
a more complex mental task. This 
means, he said, that divers may have 
to be allowed considerably more time 
for any tasks that require decision- 
making when they are operating under 
these conditions. 

The major purpose of the dive was 
to test diving equipment which the 
Navy hopes to use to put men on the 
Continental Shelf in the open ocean. 
This equipment includes waterheated 
underwear similar to that worn by the 
Apollo astronauts, diving suits, and 
two underwater breathing systems — 
the Mark IX and Titan II. For six days, 
the divers tested the equipment at the 
simulated depth of 600 feet in the Duke 
chamber. One by one they lowered 
themselves into a water-filled "wetpot" 
in the hyperbaric complex, mounted a 

calibrated bicycle rig, and pedaled 
away. The bicycle was designed so that 
varying amounts of resistance could be 
applied against the pedals. The divers 
cycled as much as the equivalent of six 
to seven miles, on both level and up- 
hill gradients. Individual experiments 
lasted for as long as an hour and fifteen 
minutes. All the while, such things as 
heart activity, skin temperature, and 
inhaled and exhaled gases were mon- 
itored and recorded. 

In a couple of the cold-water experi- 
ments, the divers wore heavy woolen 
underwear rather than the Apollo 
water-heated rigs. These experiments 
were curtailed after about twenty min- 
utes, when the temperatures of the 
divers' fingers and toes dropped to a 
point approaching the 45-degree chill 
of the water. This difficulty was not 
encountered in the heated suits. 

While the longest tests in the heated 
suits ran about an hour and fifteen 
minutes, none of the experiments was 
designed to test the limits of the divers' 
endurance under these conditions. They 
were designed instead to test the abil- 
ity of the men to function effectively 
with the Navy equipment in the cold 
water of 600 feet. Tests of motor ca- 
pacity and mental and physical ability 
indicate that man can function under 
these conditions. "The divers can sus- 
tain moderate to heavy workloads using 
this equipment at 600 feet in either 
warm or cold water," Cmdr. Summitt 
said. While cautioning that detailed 


analysis of the data was not yet avail- 
able, he added that the men appeared 
to function about as well under pres- 
sure as they did at the surface. 

PR Director Named 

Vic Bubas, formerly special assistant 
to the chancellor, is now director of 
public relations. 

"This represents a change in title, 
but not one in duties and responsibil- 
ities," said Dr. Barnes Woodhall, chan- 
cellor pro tern. "Actually, this title 
more accurately reflects the duties 
which Mr. Bubas has been performing 
for the University and will continue to 
perform in the future." He will report 
to the vice president for institutional 
advancement, Frank L. Ashmore. 

Mr. Ashmore explained that Mr. 
Bubas will be concerned with commu- 
nity relations and the improvement of 
personal communications between the 
University and all of its friends. 

Adviser for Black Students 

Harold Wallace, a black third-year 
divinity student, has been appointed an 
adviser to students and assistant to Dr. 
James L. Price, vice provost and dean 
of Trinity College. He will work pri- 
marily with black students. 

The appointment of a black adviser 
was one of the requests black students 
made last October in discussions with 
the administration about twelve areas 
of concern to them. The appointment 
continued to be an issue through the 
occupation of Allen Building by black 
students on February 13. 

Although former President Douglas 
M. Knight announced publicly, prior to 
the occupation, that an adviser would 
be appointed, the black students did 
not feel that he had made it clear to 
them that the adviser would be black 
and would be appointed only after 
consultation with black students. These 
clarifications were made on February 

A spokesman for the black students 
said that the administration did talk 
informally with blacks about Mr. Wal- 
lace's appointment and that the black 
students were pleased with the prospect 
of his assumption of duties as their ad- 
viser. The appointment was effective 
on September 1. 

Mr. Wallace is a native of Gaffney, 
South Carolina, and a graduate of 
Chaflin College in Orangeburg, South 
Carolina. Prior to coming to Duke, he 
was a youth counselor and pastor. 

Downhill on Credit 

Will credit cards destroy rugged in- 
dividualism and the enterprise spirit 
which have motivated many Americans 
in the past? 

Dr. David Caplovitz, in the latest is- 
sue of Law and Contemporary Prob- 
lems, a journal published by the Duke 
Law School, argues that the use of 
credit cards piles up the American 
family's contractual obligations. Con- 
sequently, the breadwinner is less tol- 
erant of risk-taking and more committed 
to job security, the sociologist writes. 
Consumer debt makes workers less will- 
ing to change jobs or strike out on 
their own. 

Dr. Caplovitz says that just as bu- 
reaucracy has enhanced the develop- 
ment of consumer credit, so consumer 
credit would appear to help "socialize" 
individuals to bureaucratic employment. 

Also, the sharp increase in consumer 
charge accounts is bound to have po- 
litical reverberations, he charges. "The 
vast number of users of consumer credit 
might be viewed as a new interest 
group pressing for governmental con- 
trol of the economy to insure that re- 
cessions will not occur." 

Polls have shown that voters tend 
to be more sensitive to economic issues 
than to social issues or foreign policy. 
"One of the reasons for this might be 
the debt burdens the voters have as- 
sumed," Dr. Caplovitz says. 

Chair for Carter 

The University's Board of Trustees 
has authorized endowment of a chair 
honoring the School of Medicine's first 
chairman of obstetrics and gynecology, 
Dr. F. Bayard Carter. 

Dr. Carter has been engaged in pri- 
vate practice in Durham since retiring 
from Duke last year on his seventieth 
birthday. In 1964 he relinquished the 
chairmanship of the department of ob- 
stetrics and gynecology which he had 
headed since 1931. 

The first gifts toward establishing the 

F. Bayard Carter Chair of Obstetrics 
and Gynecology were made several 
years ago by members of the Nick 
Carter Travel Club, a group of some 
seventy former house officers who 
studied under Dr. Carter. 

Placement Program 

Two outstanding young graduates of 
traditionally Negro colleges have been 
chosen to initiate a unique new pro- 
gram at Duke University. 

Miss Vernita LaMoyne Matillar of 
Louisville, Kentucky, and Ronald James 
Fleming of Houston. Texas, will begin 
training here this fall for careers in 
counseling and placement at Negro col- 
leges. Both received their bachelor's 
degrees this spring: Miss Matillar from 
Kentucky State College. Frankfort, and 
Fleming from Huston-Tillotson College, 

Their two years of study at Duke will 
be sponsored by College Placement Ser- 
vices, Inc., of Bethlehem. Pennsylvania. 
Their election marks the beginning of a 
three-year program here, financed by a 
$50,000 grant from the Sears Roebuck 
Foundation which provides stipends to 
the students as well as tuition and other 

The grant also includes funds to 
sponsor two more graduate students, be- 
ginning in the 1970-71 academic year. 

Directing the program is Dr. Robert 
M. Colver, associate professor of edu- 
cation and assistant to the vice presi- 
dent for regional programs. Dr. Colver 
said the program is aimed at helping 
fill the need for better trained black 
placement officers to cope with the 
growing demands of employers for black 
college graduates. He believes this to 
be the only program of its kind in the 

The first year of the program con- 
sists of academic training in the Duke 
Graduate School, where Fleming and 
Miss Matillar will major in counseling 
and guidance, supplemented by prac- 
tical experience in Duke's Placement 
Office and Counseling Center. 

Plans call for summer employment in 
industry, followed next year by intern- 
ships in North Carolina College and St. 
Augustine College. In June, 1971, the 
two students will be eligible for mas- 
ter's degrees. 


BY THE TIME the books were closed 
on the 1968-69 Loyalty Fund on June 
30, William B. Jennings, director of 
annual giving, had already been work- 
ing with his staff on this year's 1969- 
70 campaign. 

A special Advance Gifts Leadership 
Campaign is presently being conducted 
in sixty cities throughout the nation. 
"This is designed to provide a spear- 
head for the general campaign," said 
Mr. Jennings, "and an impetus for the 
one-million-dollar goal for this year." 

The leadership campaign will be con- 
ducted by some seventy-five alumni 
chairmen and several hundred workers. 

In the fall, the annual Class Agents 
Day will officially signify the opening 
of the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund Cam- 
paign. The date for this program, 
which will feature a workshop and 
luncheon, has been set for October 11. 

The workshop is intended to acquaint 
class agents with their duties in con- 
ducting the mail solicitation phase of 
the Loyalty Fund Campaign. Four hun- 
dred and thirty-five class agents have 
been appointed by the National Council. 

This year's Loyalty Fund goal of one 
million dollars was adopted by the Na- 
tional Council at its June 7 meeting 
during Alumni Weekend. 

The 1968-69 Loyalty Fund totals 


were $814,162.11 from 12,789 con- 
tributors. Although the donor total 
was below past figures, the average 
gift — $63.66 — was a record. The total 
amount contributed also was a record 
high for the Loyalty Fund. 

At the Game 

Alu mni events at away-from-home 
football games are now being planned, 
and as this issue goes to press, the fol- 
lowing details are available. 

In Columbia, South Carolina, there 
will be a cocktail hour and dinner pre- 
ceding the game with the University of 
South Carolina. The event will be held 
at the Redwood Cafeteria, which re- 
portedly is "right at the fairgrounds 
where the stadium is," beginning at 
4:45 p.m. Dinner will be at 5:45 p.m. 
The cost is $3.75 and it's BYOL. 

At College Park, Maryland, on Oc- 
tober 17 and 18, the Middle Atlantic 
Sports Club and the Duke Club of 
Washington will sponsor a "Northern 
Homecoming" in conjunction with the 
University of Maryland game. This 
will be held at the Colony Seven Motor 
Inn on the Baltimore-Washington 
Parkway. The tentative schedule calls 
for registration on Friday to begin at 
6:00 p.m. and continue until 9:00 p.m. 

A coaches reception will be held from 
8:00 p.m. until 10:00 p.m. On Satur- 
day, registration continues from 8:00 
a.m. until noon. At 12:30 p.m. busses 
leave for the game and return after- 
wards for a 5:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. 
reception. The cost is not available at 
this writing. 

In Atlanta, a reception following the 
game with Georgia Tech is being 
planned for the Georgian Terrace Ho- 
tel; and in Norfolk, in the game against 
Navy, an alumni event also is being 
planned. No details are presently 
available for these. 

Freshman Receptions 

Several local Duke alumni associa- 
tions are holding receptions for enter- 
ing freshmen and their parents during 
August and September. 

Rochester, New York, and Pitts- 
burgh have committed themselves, at 
this writing, to definite dates; and eight 
other associations have tentatively 
scheduled receptions but have not yet 
set a date. These are: New York; Bal- 
timore; Washington; Atlanta; Wilming- 
ton, Delaware; Greenville, South Car- 
olina; Charleston, South Carolina; and 
Charlotte, North Carolina. 

In addition to freshmen, their par- 

ents, and alumni, upperclassmen in the 
area are also invited. 


This year's Homecoming should at- 
tract one of the largest crowds ever, 
for the game will be against the Car- 
olina Tar Heels. 

The weekend festivities will begin 
on Friday, November 21, with alumni 
registration in the Alumni House from 
9:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. The West 
Campus Homecoming displays will be 
judged beginning at 5:00 p.m., and 
then, at 8:00 p.m., the annual Home- 
coming Show will be presented. 

Saturday activities include a Law 
School coffee and an Engineering 
School coffee — both from 10:00 a.m. 
until 11:30 a.m. 

At 11:30 a.m. the ever popular 
Alumni Barbecue will begin at the In- 
door Stadium, and serving will continue 
until 12:45 p.m. Tickets may be pur- 
chased at the door. 

After the game, an alumni open 
house will be held at the Alumni House 
on Campus Drive. Fraternity and in- 
dependent houses also will entertain at 
open houses. 

In Shape 

"It's never too late to get into top 
physical shape," — at least that's the 
message from one fifty-year-old Duke 
alumnus, Oliver Kendrick '48, of Syla- 
cauga, Alabama. 

At the age of 29, while a student at 
Duke, Mr. Kendrick claims to have been 
the oldest man to earn the number one 
position on a major university cross- 
country team. 

His greatest feat, however, he feels 
he accomplished this spring, after a 
twenty-year absence from the track. At 
Sylacauga High School Stadium track 
he ran twenty-one miles without stop- 
ping in two hours, 33 minutes, and six 

The main purpose of the run, accord- 
ing to Mr. Kendrick, was to encourage 
others not to give up at such an early 
age. He ran some 1,500 miles to get 
back in shape for his big run, but said 
it would have "been impossible for me 
to accomplish without a special knowl- 
edge of nutrition and the use of certain 
health foods." Mr. Kendrick did not 
reveal what sort of diet he was on. 

Class Notes 

News of alumni who received graduate or 
professional degrees, but who did not at- 
tend Duke as undergraduates, appears 
under the year in which the advanced de- 
gree was awarded. Otherwise news ap- 
pears under the year designating the in- 
dividual's undergraduate class. Married 
couples representing two different classes 
are usually listed under the earlier class. 
Alumni should address correspondence to 
Charlotte Corbin, Class Notes Editor, De- 
partment of Alumni Affairs, Duke Uni- 
versity, Durham, North Carolina 27706. 

OC MARRIED: W. Ernest Cooper to 
L J Christine S. Pollock on Aug. 8, 1968. 
Residence: Durham, N. C. 

OT Charles A. Waggoner, who retired 
£, I on Jan. 1 from his position with 
Pan American Airways, is making his 
home in Winston-Salem, N. C. 

QQ Clarence L. (Curly) Harris of 
^0 Greensboro, N. C, retired in May 
after 45 years with the F. W. Woolworth 
Co., the last 15 years being as manager 
of the Greensboro downtown store. 

QO Hilary A. Humble (a.m. '33) of 
0^ The Dow Chemical Company's in- 
organic chemicals department. Midland, 
Mich., has been appointed a corporate ac- 
count manager in the Charlotte, N. C, 
sales territory and will concentrate on the 
textile industry. 

QQ Blaine M. Madison (m.ed. '39), 
0j North Carolina State commissioner 
of juvenile correction, has been cited by 
the North Carolina Federation of Wom- 
en's Clubs for his work in behalf of chil- 
dren and youth. 

QC Brig. Gen. Daniel K. Edwards of 
0u Durham, N. C, has been named 
commander of the 30th Infantry Division, 
mechanized, by the Governor. An attor- 
ney, he is solicitor of Durham County Su- 
perior Court. 

Dr. W. H. Plemmons a.m., president 
of Appalachian State University since 
1955, retired on June 30. 

QT Hilda Sally Coble, wife of Thom- 
/ as S. Coble, Jr., was a "Mother of 
the Year" in Durham. Her family in- 
cludes four children. Ann Coble Stal- 
lings (Mrs. June) '63, m.ed. '66 and T. 
Stanley Coble, III, '66 both of Durham; 
Nancy Coble, a Duke sophomore; and 
Bill, a high school sophomore. 

Eugene Desvernine (ll.b. '39) is vice 
president and general counsel for Reyn- 
olds International, Inc., Richmond, Va. 

QQ A. J. Almond retired from the Air 
JO Force on March 3 1 and was awarded 
the Legion of Merit in the retirement 
ceremony. Since that time he has become 
vice president and trust officer of the 
Georgia Bank & Trust Company, Macon, 

QQ At its May Commencement, High 
03 Point College awarded the Doctor 
of Divinity degree to Julian A. Lindsey 
b.d., superintendent of the Northeast Dis- 
trict of the United Methodist Church and 
a resident of Winston-Salem, N. C. 

ill Arthur W. Stanwood is assistant 
*\ I secretary of Gulf Life Insurance 
Company, Jacksonville, Fla. 

JQ Robert R. Everett e.e. is president 
"\L an d chief executive officer of The 
Mitre Corporation, Bedford. Mass. With 
the corporation since it was founded in 
1958, he was first technical director and 
then vice president — technical operations 
from 1959 until his recent election. Mr. 
and Mrs. Everett and their five sons live 
in Weston, Mass. 

JQ Louise Kriek Wait (Mrs. Gale 
^0 P-) °f Asheville, N. C, is treasurer 
of the North Carolina State Division of 
the American Association of University 
Women. She and her husband, a stock 
broker, have two sons. 

MARRIED: Emily W. Nassau to Ed- 
ward L. Hill on Sept. 21. Residence: 
Needham, Mass. 

11 BORN: Fifth child and first daugh- 
l\l\ ter to Henry H. Nicholson, Jr. 
(m.d. '47) and Mrs. Nicholson. Charlotte, 
N. C, on Jan. 8. Named Freda Amanda. 

JC MARRIED: Iune Straughn Hack- 
■fj) ney to Julian Meade Wright on 
March 17. Residence: Richmond, Va. 

iH Frederick H. Stone (ll.b. '48), 
*f| general counsel for Franklin Life 
Insurance Company, Springfield, 111., has 
been made a director and senior vice 
president of the company. 

Kenneth L. Weil of New Rochelle, 
N. Y., is account executive and assistant 
to the Senior Vice President of the bro- 
kerage firm of Scheinman, Hochstin & 
Trotta, Inc., New York City. He and Mrs. 
Weil have three children, a son and two 

JQ Beryl A. Baker m.e. has been made 
'fO manager of Electromechanical Sys- 
tems of Fairchild Hiller Corporation's 
Space and Electronics Systems Division, 
Germantown, Md. Since joining the firm 
in 1967, he has been staff engineer and 
value control programs coordinator. 

J ft Glory Meehan Read, president of 
*fj| Public Relations Counsel, Inc., New 
York public relations agency, has been 
selected for listing in "Foremost Women 
in Communications 1969-70." She also 
is listed in "Who's Who in Public Rela- 
tions." She resides with her husband, 
William M. Read '46, a chemist, and 
their two sons in Clifton, N. J. 

M William H. Mitchell, a C.P.A., is 
controller of Colorcraft Corporation 
in Durham. His wife, Joyce Herndon 


Mitchell '51, teaches in the Durham 
City School System. 

Harold B. Thompson and Elizabeth 
Russell Thompson '52 live in Decatur, 
Ga., where he is in the private practice of 

Nina Arnold Zipperer (Mrs. E. H.) 
has a life certificate in elementary educa- 
tion and is teaching fifth grade in Savan- 
nah Country Day School. She and her 
husband, a state senator and farmer, have 
a son and a daughter. 

CI Robert S. Rickard won the Pres- 
J | ident's Trophy for 1968 given by the 
Prudential Insurance Company of Amer- 
ica for the leading brokerage manager in 
the United States and Canada. In 1967, 
his first full year in this capacity, he won 
a citation for ranking third. Mr. Rickard 
lives in Verona, N. J. 

Dr. Loy H. Witherspoon (b.d. '54), 
chairman of the Philosophy and Religion 
Department at UNC-Charlotte, has been 
elected president of the North Carolina 
Council on World Affairs. 

K David L. Bodenhamer moved from 
Charlotte to Winston-Salem, N. C, 
last August, and is a partner in charge of 
the Winston-Salem office of Ernst & Ernst, 

C. Lee Butler, Jr. (ll.b. '53) of Sa- 
vannah, Ga., is chairman of the Chatham 
County Hospital Authority, operating Me- 
morial Medical Center. 

Stephen F. Franks, a graduate of the 
U.N.C. Law School and a member of the 
North Carolina and California Bars, is 
an attorney in San Bernardino, Calif., and 
a lobbyist for the County in Sacramento. 
He is married and has two children. 

John Fraser, III, is marketing manager 
for duPont. He and his wife, Joan Ge- 
bert Fraser '51, live in Locust, N. J. 

The book of Marion Kingston Stock- 
ing (Mrs. David M.) ph.d. '52, entitled 
The Journal of Claire Clairmont, has been 
published by Harvard University Press 
and is dedicated to Dr. Newman I. White, 
under whom she started it 25 years ago. 
Mrs. Stocking is Professor of English and 
Director of the underclass education pro- 
gram at Beloit College, Beloit, Wise. 

BORN: First child and son to Maurice 
E. Blevins (ph.d. '58) and Anne Lapham 
Blevins m.a.t. '59, Spartanburg, S. C, on 
Nov. 16. Named Ernest Everett. 

CQ MARRIED: Sidney Rufus Smith, 
JO Jr., to Vera Pautzsch on April 19. 
Residence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

CM BORN: Third child, a son, to Fred 
J*f W. Shaffer and Mrs. Shaffer, Hat- 
boro, Pa., in April 1968. Named Gene 

EC Charles E. Johnston, Marcella 
J J Goldsmith Johnston b.s.n. '57 and 
their three children live in Lake Oswego, 
Ore. He is a resident in psychiatry at the 
University of Oregon Medical School. 


Last June W. Shelby Reaves c.e. and 
Sylvia Pierce Reaves b.s.n. '56 moved 
to Hong Kong, where Mr. Reaves is proj- 
ect engineer on a multi-phase housing 
project for middle income Chinese. 

Nancy Wilmore Selby (Mrs. L. 
Franklin) a.m. is a teacher at Boca 
Ciego High School, St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Virginia Woolley Wood (Mrs Thom- 
as D.) of Miami, Fla., is the wife of an 
attorney and the mother of three. 

BORN: Third daughter to Julia Allen 
McCullers (Mrs. Lawrence E.) (a.m. 
'61) and Commander McCullers, F.P.O. 
San Francisco, Calif., on March 30. 
Named Mary Alice. 

EC BORN: Third child and second 
JU daughter to Patrice Diggs Hunni- 
cutt (Mrs. Thomas N., Ill) and Mr. 
Hunnicutt, Hampton, Va., on Jan. 8. 
Named Page Ballard. 

Second child and first son to Dr. J. 
Ward Kurad and Martha Trotter Ku- 
rad m.a.t. '62, Hickory, N. C, on Dec. 30. 
Named Stephen Ward. 

CT Major Walter H. Keim, who re- 
J / turned from Vietnam in December, 
is executive officer for the Third Battalion 
of the Medical Training Center, Fort Sam 
Houston, Texas. His wife is the former 
Carol Hess '58, and they are living in 
San Antonio. 

J. Ray Kirby a.m. (ph.d. '60) is senior 
research chemist with Monsanto Corpo- 
ration in Durham. He is married and has 
two sons. 

Allen Mead m.e. has been appointed 
branch sales manager, Grand Rapids, 
Mich., for the Aluminum Company of 
America. He was previously engaged in 
general sales activities for the company in 

Dolores Urquiza Olness (ph.d. '61), 
Robert J. Olness ph.d. '62 and their 
three young children have returned to 
Livermore, Calif., from Marquette, Mich., 
for Dr. Olness to resume his position as a 
senior physicist with the University of 
California, Lawrence Radiation Labora- 

Roger E. Rinaldi c.e. is plant manager 
for Holler Division, Federal Mogul Cor- 
poration, Northville, Mich. 

Jack E. Starnes is marketing represen- 
tative for Control Data Corporation in 
Rockville, Md. 

BORN: Third child and first son to Ed- 
gar B. Fisher, Jr. (ll.b. '61) and Mrs. 
Fisher, Greensboro, N. C, on Feb. 8. 
Named Edgar B., III. 

A son to William Dale McMan e.e. 
and Virginia Partlow McMan '58, San 
Marino, Calif., on Feb. 4. Named Gregg 

Fourth child, a son, to Edwin T. Pres- 
ton (m.d. '60) and Mrs. Preston, Chapel 
Hill, N. C, on April 11. Named Robert 
Jordan Sims. 

ADOPTED: A son by Sarah Taylor 
Hynes (Mrs. Charles S.) (m.a.t. '60) 
and Mr. Hynes, Palo Alto, Calif., on 

March 28 (born Jan. 27). Named Wil- 
liam Norman. 

EQ Benjamin Bridges, Jr., of Alexan- 
JjO dria, Va., is chief, Research & Sta- 
tistics, Social Security Administration, 

Thomas W. Grant is assistant vice 
president of Irving Trust Company, New 
York City. 

William M. Long is employed as a 
professional service representative with 
Geigy Pharmaceuticals, a division of 
Geigy Chemical Corporation, Basil, 

Benjamin G. Straus is in Ankara, 
Turkey, on a two-year assignment for the 
Department of Defense. 

MARRIED: Richard L. Goldstein 
m.e. to Maureen Flynn. Residence: New 
York City. 

BORN: Second child, a daughter, to 
Sue Ratts Clay (Mrs. Charles H, Jr.) 
and Mr. Clay, Menlo Park, Calif., on 
June 28, 1968. Named Leslie Bowles. 

Fourth child and third daughter to Rob- 
ert O. Friedel (m.d. '64) and Susanne 
Weber Friedel b.s.n. '61, Durham, N. C, 
on March 3. Named Linda. 

First child and son to Joan Lambert 
Taylor (Mrs. Richard D.) b.s.n. and 
Mr. Taylor, Denver, Colo., on Feb. 14. 
Named Richard Scott. 

ADOPTED: Second child, first daugh- 
ter, by Jo Ann Chase Flath (Mrs. Ber- 
nell V.) and Mr. Flath, San Rafael, 
Calif., born Feb. 2. Named Virginia 

M George H. Jaspert, III, is assistant 
for advertising and public relations 
at The Bank of New Orleans. He and 
Mrs. Jaspert, the former Clara Walters 
'60, live in Metairie. 

Marilyn James Kopp (Mrs. Richard 
S.) lives in Huntington, N. Y., where her 
husband is a high school social studies 
teacher. In addition to caring for her two 
children, she is working toward a Master's 
degree in elementary education, special- 
izing in culturally deprived children. 

Edward R. Lyon, Jr. (m.a.t. '60) of 
High Point, N. C, attained the C.L.U. 
degree from the American College of Life 
Underwriters, Bryne Mawr, Pa., last Sep- 
tember. Past president of the local Asso- 
ciation of Life Underwriters, he won the 
Peterson Award for most outstanding 
North Carolina member. 

Diane TeStrike Wagner (Mrs. Rich- 
ard H.) a.m. (ph.d. '63) is teaching Bot- 
any at the University of South Florida, 

BORN: Fourth son to Chari.ene Ster- 
ba Cottingham (m.ed. '61) and Andrew 
T. Cottingham, Jr. (m.d. '64), Hyatts- 
ville, Md., on Jan. 18. Named Brent 

First child and son to James W. C. 
Daniel, Jr., and Mrs. Daniel, Raleigh, 
N. C, on March 5. Named James William 
Cromwell, III. 

Third child and second son to Robert 
M. Keim and Suzanne Carlson Keim 

Main Building after Trinity College moved to Durham in 1892. 

b.s.n. '61, Glenshaw, Pa., on March 14. 
Named David Nils. 

Third son to Anne Bassford Town- 
send r.n. and David K. Townsend b.d. 
'61, Staten Island, N. Y., on March 28. 
Named Michael Dale. 

Ort Seth Cox, Jr., c.e. of Tell City, 
OU Ind., is an engineer with J. A. Jones 
Construction Co., contractors for Connel- 
ton Locks and Dam. 

Larry M. Dobbs is regional group man- 
ager for Pan American Life Insurance 
Company, Atlanta, Ga. 

Lenard E. Jacobson (m.d. '64) is 
chief resident in urology at the Mt. Sinai 
Hospital, New York City. He is married 
to the former Bonnie Singer of Philadel- 

Joy Buffalo Parrott b.s.n., Larry H. 
Parrott m.d., and their two sons live in 
Charlotte, N. C. Dr. Parrott is a pathol- 
ogist at Presbyterian Hospital. 

BORN: Second son to John T. Carter 
and Mrs. Carter, Raleigh, N. C, on Dec. 
16. Named David Lee. 

A son to Carol Butcher Elvery (Mrs. 

Dudley James, Jr.) b.s.n. and Mr. El- 
very, Jackson, Ala., on Nov. 17. Named 
Dudley James, III. 

Second son to Julie Campbell Esrey 
(Mrs. William T.) and Mr. Esrey, Chat- 
ham, N. J., on March 12. Named John 

A son to Dr. Norris L. Horwitz and 
Mrs. Horwitz, Hyattsville, Md., on Oct. 
26. Named Michael Andrew. 

Second daughter to Barbara Ann Hu- 
dak Schnur (Mrs. Paul) and Mr. Schnur, 
Rochester, Minn. 

First child and daughter to Andrea 
Lundeberg Ross (Mrs. Clay C.) and Mr. 
Ross, Decatur, Ga., on April 17. Named 
Helen Elizabeth. 

Second son to Carolyn Moore Taylor 
and Dean Ross Taylor m.d. '62, Balti- 
more, Md., on Dec. 23. Named Bruce 

First child and son to Brian D. Thies- 
sen and Carolyn Owen Thiessen '61, 
Alamo, Calif., on Jan. 31. Named Brian 
David, II. 

First child and son to Paige Parsons 
Willms (Mrs. Dirk A.) and Mr. Willms, 

Park Ridge, 111., on Nov. 20. Named 
Dirk W. 

Q1 William Michael Gould has the 
0| m.d. degree from the University of 
Maryland and is serving with the Air 
Force, presently in Charleston, S. C. He 
is married and has one son. 

Major Waverly E. Sykes c.e. is in 
England as exchange officer with the Royal 
Marine Commandos. 

Carolyn Ardell Wright m.e. and 
Donald Wright m.s. '62 are living in 
Durham, where he is teaching in the 
School of Engineering at Duke. 

MARRIED: P. Douglas Dollenburg 
to Kathleen Braun on Dec. 28. Residence: 
Cockeysville, Md. 

William D. King (ll.b. '65) to Dor- 
othy Ann Dana on Oct. 16. Residence: 
Jacksonville, Fla. 

BORN: A daughter to Robert L. An- 
dersen and Mrs. Andersen, Chapel Hill, 
N. C, on March 8. Named Elizabeth 

Third child and first son to Annie 
Lewis Johnston Garda and Robert A. 
Garda e.e., Shaker Heights, Ohio, on 
Aug. 10, 1968. Named Robert Allen, Jr. 

Third child and second daughter to 
Lewis H. Kairys and Mrs. Kairys, Balti- 
more, Md., on Dec. 30. Named Elizabeth 

Fourth child, a son, to Judy Baker 
Kohler b.s.n. and Peter O. Kohler m.d. 
'63, Derwood, Md., on Oct. 3. Named 
Adam Stewart. 

Third son to Frederick R. Law and 
Ellen Cooper Law '63, Westport, Conn., 
on March 16, 1968. Named Tucker Fred- 

IJO Samuel W. Ferebee, HI, who has a 
0^ Master's degree in journalism from 
Ohio State University, is an information 
specialist for the Department of Urban 
Affairs, State of Ohio, Columbus. 

Neal W. Knight, Jr., who received the 
ll.b. from Harvard in 1965, is with the 
office of the chief counsel, Internal Rev- 
enue Service, Washington, D. C. 

William H. McMullen, Jr., com- 
pleted requirements for the j.d. degree at 
the University of Mississippi School of 
Law in June. 

Dr. G. P. Oakley, Jr., Mary Ann Bry- 
ant Oakley, and their two daughters 
make their home in Decatur, Ga. Dr. 
Oakley is with the Epidemic Intelligence 
Service of the National Communicable 
Disease Center, and Mrs. Oakley is work- 
ing toward a Master's in American Studies 
at Emory. 

Roxanna Dora Smathers Plaskow 
(Mrs. Jonathan E.), her husband and 
daughter live in Philadelphia, after two 
years in Boston. 

Melvtn L. Thrash (m.d. '67) of Nar- 
berth, Pa., is at Eastern Pennsylvania Psy- 
chiatric Institute, Philadelphia, as charge 
resident of the Temple University service. 

MARRIED: James Alvin Tart to 
Mary Barbara Fleming on May 3. Resi- 
dence: Winston-Salem, N. C. 


George A. Timblin e.e. to Carol Ann 
Lowe on March 15. Residence: Atlanta, 

BORN: A daughter to Katherine 
Nicholson Biddle (Mrs. Clement) and 
Mr. Biddle, Chicago, 111., on March 1, 
1968. Named Jennifer. 

Second son to Albert T. Bowyer c.e. 
and Cynthia Kreider Bowyer b.s.n. '63, 
Glen Ellyn, 111., on March 3. Named 
David Thomas. 

First child and son to C. Randall 
Clark and Mrs. Clark, Durham, N. C, 
on March 30. Named Todd Randall. 

Second daughter to Dr. Wendell Van- 
zandt Hall and Patricia Reade Price 
Hall '63, Pittsboro, N. Y., on April 15. 
Named Lauren Saokett. 

A son to Robert E. Lockhart ll.b. 
and Barbara Heusner Lockhart b.s.n. 
'65, Annandale, Va., on Feb. 1. Named 
Robert Earl, Jr. 

First child and daughter to John M. 
Tudor, ll.b. and Mrs. Tudor, Kenton, 
Ohio, on June 4, 1968. Named Mara. 

Second son to Susan Moody Wilson 
and Gary L. Wilson, Makati, Rizal, 
P.I., on March 30. Named Christopher 

UQ George T. Baker, III, and Pamela 
Qj Cull Baker live in Yorba Linda, 
Calif. He teaches history at California 
State College, Fullerton. 

Anthony D. Danluck e.e. assumed a 
position as applications engineer with the 
National Semiconductor Corporation last 
October. He makes his home in Saratoga, 

Dr. John C. Faris is a first year radi- 
ology resident at North Carolina Baptist 
Hospital, Winston-Salem. 

D. Michael Waggoner e.e. completed 
Medical School in January and worked at 
Duke until July 1, when he went to Cleve- 
land for an internship. 

MARRIED: Joan Connet to Michael 
L. Whitt on April 6, 1968. Residence: 
Kingsport, Tenn. 

Ann Sugg to Henry DePaoli on May 10. 
Residence: Norristown, Pa. 

Dr. John W. Yarbrough to Anne H. 
Ayers on April 6. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

BORN: A daughter to Sue McGhee 
Duttera (ph.d. '68) and M Julian Dut- 
tera, Jr. '64, m.d. '68, Atlanta, Ga., on 
March 6, 1968. Named Elizabeth Sue. 

Second child and first son to Lieut. 
James D. Hagy and Judith Moss Hagy 
'64, Monterey, Calif., on Jan. 31. Named 
James Dixon, III. 

A son to Ann Crandall Sloan and C. 
Hamilton Sloan, Elizabeth City, N. C, 
on Sept. 24, 1968. Named Cyrus Hamil- 
ton, Jr. 

First child and son to David Michael 
Waggoner e.e. and Carol Rogers Wag- 
goner b.s.n. '66, Durham, N. C, on Feb. 
26. Named David Edward. 

Second child and first daughter to 
Charles F. Zimmer and Judith Harlow 
Zimmer b.s.n. '64, Simsbury, Conn., on 
June 6, 1968. Named Lucy. 


M Brent Blackwelder received the 
m.a. degree in mathematics from 
Yale in 1966 and taught for two years in 
the Woodrow Wilson Fellowship Program. 
He is currently working on a ph.d. at the 
University of Maryland. 

Margaret Cordle Caughman (Mrs. 
H. D.) of Athens, Ga., is working in 
chemical information retrieval at the com- 
puter center of the University of Georgia. 

Allan R. Haworth m.e., who received 
the m.b.a. degree from Harvard Business 
School in May, 1968, worked for RCA 
until March of this year when he became 
Assistant to the President of Datel, manu- 
facturers of computer peripheral equip- 
ment. He, his wife and their young son, 
Christopher Robert, reside in Reston, Va. 

Verna Sigmon Lomax (Mrs. F. D.) 
is a librarian with the Raleigh public 
schools, and her husband attends North 
Carolina State University. 

MARRIED: Walter H. Dixon, Jr., to 
Sue Phillips in June, 1968. Residence: 
Washington, D. C. 

Jenny Rose Ellis to Ira S. Meiselman 
on March 16. Residence: Charlotte, N. C. 

Valerie Lewis to Lindsey C. Stallings, 
Jr., on April 5. Residence: Richmond, 

Janet A. Mathews to Jeffrey R. Biggs 
on May 24. Residence: Oxon Hill, Md. 

BORN: Second son to Crawford F. 
Barnett, Jr., m.d. and Mrs. Barnett, At- 
lanta, Ga., on April 4. Named Robert 

First child and son to Capt. Marion W. 
Courtney U.S.A.F. and Mrs. Courtney, 
APO, New York, N. Y., on Sept. 12, 

A daughter to Rosalind Cooke Fed- 
oroff (Mrs. Alex G.) and Mr. Fedoroff, 
Pacific Palisades, Calif., on Feb. 9. 

Second daughter to John D. Leech ll.b. 
and Mrs. Leech, Cleveland, Ohio, on Nov. 
3. Named Krista Suzanne. 

First child and son to Harriet Austin 
Mattes (Mrs. Charles W., Jr.) and Mr. 
Mattes, Greensboro, N. C, on March 23. 
Named Charles Westley, HI. 

Third child and second daughter to 
Betsy Pierce Schoonhagen b.s.n. and 
Kenneth J. Schoonhagen, m.h.a., Dur- 
ham, N. C, on Feb. 9. Named Laura. 

First child and son to Jo Harriet Ha- 
ley Strickler (Mrs. George M., Jr.) 
and Mr. Strickler, New Orleans, La., on 
Jan. 14. Named lohn Sloane. 

ADOPTED: A daughter by Richard B. 
Fair e.e. and Mrs. Fair, Durham, N. C, 
on Aug. 13, 1968 (born June 30). Named 
Catherine Stuart. 

PC Donald L. Allyn, a third year med- 
0U ical student at the Medical College 
of Virginia, ranks in the top fourth of his 
class of 106 students. He has been elected 
to a medical and science honorary. 

William C. Olson, instructor in gov- 
ernment and contemporary affairs at 
George Washington High School, Dan- 
ville, Va., served last year as president 
of the 506-member Danville Education 

Association, was a member of the Text- 
book Committee of the Virginia Council 
of the Social Studies, was director and 
coordinator of the Regional Model United 
Nations General Assembly, and president 
of District E, VEA, Department of Social 
Studies. Currently working on the doc- 
toral degree in Latin American History 
at U.N.C., he was selected the Outstand- 
ing Young Educator in Danville by the 
Danville Junior Chamber of Commerce 
and was named Danville's Man-of-the-Day 
for March. 

Jo Ann Appleyard Page (Mrs. Steven 
C.) b.s.n. writes that she is working to- 
ward the Master's degree at Loyola Uni- 
versity. She lives in Wilmette, 111. 

Arthur D. Webster, Jr., is a senior 
at Princeton Theological Seminary, after 
a year's internship in Oklahoma City. 
He is married to the former Carol A. 
Fishpaw of Baltimore, Md. 

MARRIED: Barbara Albers to Rich- 
ard A. Rinella on March 22. Residence: 
Chicago, 111. 

John Paul Davenport b.d. to Angela 
Dee Smith on April 26. Residence: Ashe- 
ville, N. C. 

William C. Olson to Margaret Anne 
Pitoniak on March 29. Residence: Chapel 
Hill, N. C. 

Shirley Ann Powell to Lieut. Law- 
rence C. Gustafson on April 26. Res- 
idence: Virginia Beach, Va. 

BORN: Second daughter to Donald L. 
Allyn and Elizabeth Wobus Allyn '66, 
Richmond, Va., on April 27, 1968. Named 
Carolyn Wobus. 

First child and daughter to Ann 
Quattlebaum Curry (Mrs. James L.) 
and Mr. Curry, Atlanta, Ga., on Oct. 28. 
Named Kelley Louise. 

Second son to Richard B. Lowe and 
Ian Fisher Lowe '68, Chagrin Falls, 
Ohio, on Jan. 22. Named Christopher 

First child and son to Barbara Mor- 
gan Nesbitt (Mrs. Charles E.) and Mr. 
Nesbitt, Greensboro, N. C, on Feb. 24. 
Named Charles David. 

Second child and first son to Barbara 
Brading Tison and R. Haskell Tison, 
Hickory, N. C, on Oct. 26. Named R. 
Haskell, III. 

First child and son to Richard E. 
Youngstrom and Linda Habbersett 
Youngstrom b.s.n. '66, Bloomfield, N. J., 
on Dec. 28. Named Eric Arden. 

CO George B. Bryce received the m.b.a. 
00 degree from the University of Mich- 
igan last August, and is with Perkins En- 
gines, Wixom, Mich. His wife is the for- 
mer Kathertne Arthur. 

Jeremy Joan Hewes received the Mas- 
ter's degree last year and is working to- 
ward a ph.d. in American studies at the 
University of Michigan. 

Brenda Todd Larsen and Charles 
Larsen live in Hartford, Conn., where he 
is a securities analyst with Connecticut 
General Life Insurance Company. 

R. Da vtd Pyne c.e. is working on the 

ph.d. degree in water resources manage- 
ment at the University of Florida, Gaines- 

Eric F. Taylor a.m. and Janet Heck 
Taylor b.s.n. are living in Kahuka, Ha- 
waii. He is an assistant professor of 
English at the University of Hawaii, and 
she is a nurse on the adolescent unit at 
Hawaii State Hospital. Next year Mrs. 
Taylor will take graduate work in mental 
health and psychiatric nursing at the Uni- 
versity of Hawaii. 

Lieut. Robert M. White and Leslie 
Boone White live in Tustin, Calif. He 
is a Marine aviator, flying the A-4 Sky- 
hawk, and she is a teacher. 

MARRIED: Sidney M. Blitzer, Jr., 
to Carol Anne Nathanson on May 31. 
Residence: Baton Rouge, La. 

Pamela Cavalaris b.s.n. to Lieut. John 
David Milligan on Oct. 8. Residence: 
Rota, Spain. 

Lieut. S. Burton Fitts, III, U.S.A.F. 
to Pamela Lurting on Nov. 29. Residence: 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Katherine Land to Bernard D. Picard 
on March 15. Residence: Tokyo, Japan. 

Marcia J. Proctor to M. E. Fein on 
Aug. 24. Residence: Champaign, 111. 

Lieut. Trafton Tredick, Jr., U.S.A.F. 
to Karen Feagin on April 6, 1968. Res- 
idence: Alexandria, La. 

Kathleen Welfare to Alphenus Jones, 
Jr., on May 3. Residence: Warrenton, 
N. C. 

BORN: First child and son to Wendy 
Higdon Carberry (Mrs. John G.) b.s.n. 
and Mr. Carberry, Adelphi, Md., on Jan. 
30. Named Sean Daniel. 

First child and son to T. Stanley 
Coble, III, and Mrs. Coble, Durham, 
N. C, on April 11. Named Matthew 

Second son to Judy Stanley Hughes 
(Mrs. William M.) and Mr. Hughes, 
Durham, N. C, on May 3. Named David. 

A son to Gerald P. Kemper m.f. and 
Mrs. Kemper, Emporium, Pa., on March 
19, 1968. Named Steven. 

(JT Joyce L. Hayman b.s.n. received 
/ the Master in Nursing degree from 
the University of Florida last August, and 
is presently a resident in maternal infant 
nursing at J. Hillis Miller Health Center, 
Gainesville, Fla. 

Mark Ominsky ph.d. and Donna Be- 
vacqua Ominsky b.s.n. '68 live in Vestal, 
N. Y. He is human factors engineer for 
I.B.M. in the systems development divi- 
sion, and she is a nurse in cardiac inten- 
sive care at Lourdes Hospital. 

Jane Darland Pogeler (Mrs. Allen 
R.) of Falls Church, Va., is technical ed- 
itor at Auerbach Corp., Arlington. 

Lt. (jg) Alan L. Ross is a primary 
flight instructor at Sanfley Field, Pensa- 
cola, Fla., where he and his wife, Marcia 
Haverfield Ross, make their home. 

Stephen A. Schoor is teaching mental- 
ly retarded children in Philadelphia and 
is also attending law school in the eve- 

MARRIED: Virginia Elizabeth Blatt 
b.s.n. to Peter J. Culver on April 5. Res- 
idence: Kansas City, Mo. 

Barbara S. Butt b.s.n. to David S. Mc- 
Lean on April 2. Residence: Pensacola, 

Elizabeth T. Dougherty a.m. to Harry 
Montgomery on June 15, 1968. Residence: 
Smyrna, Ga. 

Margaret A. Douglas b.s.n. to David 
H. Lawson on Feb. 3, 1968. Residence: 
Gainesville, Fla. 

Susan Hagist b.s.n. to Dr. Stephen A. 
Kobayashi on March 10. Residence: Den- 
ver, Colo. 

Robert W. Jordan to Ann R. Turner 
'68. Residence: Washington, D. C. 

Lieut. John F. Keever, Jr., to Pa- 
tricia Rouzer '69. Residence: Columbus, 

Melissa Lee Meriam to James E. Bul- 
lard m. div. '68 on April 1. Residence: 

Loretta Perez to James R. Stitt on 
May 3. Residence: St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Richard P. Voss to Susan J. Henney 
'68 on Dec. 7. Residence: Chapel Hill, 
N. C. 

C. Leslie Withers to James R. Turner. 
Jr., on June 15, 1968. Residence: Co- 
lumbia, S. C. 

BORN: First child and son to Roger 
B. Dickinson m.e. and Merillyn Price 
Dickinson '69, Allentown, Pa. Named 
Jonathan Blake. 

First child and son to Robert N. Mar- 
shall, II, m.d. and Mrs. Marshall, Dur- 
ham, N. C, on May 14. Named Robert 
Nelson, III. 

First child and son to Priscilla Anne 
Sherwtn Millen (Mrs. John C.) and 
Lieutenant Millen, La Jolla, Calif., on 
Feb. 22. Named Scot Andrew. 

First child and son to Capt. Christo- 
pher G. Miller and Barbara Patterson 
Miller, Sumter, S. C, on March 20. 
Named Corey Glendon. 

A daughter to Susan Compton Smith- 
son and Frank W. Smithson, Memphis, 
Tenn., on Sept. 2. 

First child and daughter to Larry W. 
Thomas m.e. and Roselyne Owens 
Thomas '68, Norfolk, Va., on April 13. 
Named Kimberly Ann. 

OQ MARRIED: Ellen Sue Bers to 
00 Michael B. Johnson on June 3, 
1968. Residence: Philadelphia, Pa. 

Victoria Eldridge to William H. Guy 
on Aug. 31, 1968. Residence: Pittsburgh, 

Ann Pickard to James W. Kalat on 
Dec. 28. Residence: Philadelphia, Pa. 

Philip N. Post c.e. to Barbara Jean 
Kelly '69 on Aug. 31, 1968. Residence: 
Fort Walton Beach, Fla. 

Margaret G. Pringle to John Edwin 
Schachte, III, on Aug. 24, 1968. Res- 
idence: Charleston, S. C. 

Lillian C. Richards to James S. 
Wunsch on March 29. Residence: Bloom- 
ington, Ind. 

Christine L. Ware to Steve Paul Rosen 
on Oct. 6. Residence: New York City. 

W. P. Budd, Jr., '36, President 
& Treasurer 

B. M. Rose '33, Vice Pres.-Sec'y 

J. B. Coble '32, Sales Rep. 


506 Ramseur St. 










Phone or Mail Tour 

Inquiries to 

Box 708— Phone 68g-illl 



Established 1872 

Durham's Oldest Business Firm 

Bonds — Marine 
Fire — Casualty — Automobiles 

North Carolina National Bank Bldg. 
Tel. 682-9188 


Accredited scholarship. College prep since 
1893. Boys boarding 14-18, day 12-18. 
Semi -military. Endowed awards. Ideal lo- 
cation. Modern facilities. New Bcience 
and library building. Athletics all ages. 
Attend own church. SUMMER CAMP 
for boys 8-15. Write for illustrated catalog. 

121 Cherokee Road, Chattanooga, Tenn. 37401 



Mary Elizabeth Bates 
Milliken (Mrs. Harry) 
BSN '45 is the author 
of a recently published 
textbook, Understand- 
ing Human Behavior: 
A Guide for Health 
Workers. She is study- 
ing for a doctorate. 


C. B. Tichenor '45 has 
been appointed pres- 
ident of United Dairy, 
Inc. The company op- 
erates from eight plants 
and branches in the 
Midwest and has sever- 
al subsidiary food com- 


J. R. H. Wilson BSEE 
'47 has been named a 
senior vice president of 
Muzak Corporation. He 
is now in charge of the 
product and engineering 
activities of the com- 
pany. He joined the 
firm in 1959. 


Sherwood D. Smith '50, 
executive director of 
Lakeland General Hos- 
pital in Florida, was re- 
cently installed as pres- 
ident of the Southeast- 
ern Hospital Adminis- 
trators Association at 
its Miami meeting. 


George V. Grune '52 
has been named U.S. 
marketing director of 
The Reader's Digest. 
He was formerly man- 
ager of the magazine's 
New York office. Mr. 
Grune joined the Di- 
gest i/i 1960. 


Charles W. Wray, Jr., 
'55, vice president at 
Cargill, Wilson & 
Acree, has been named 
manager of the adver- 
tising agency's Char- 
lotte, North Carolina, 
office. He joined the 
firm in 1966. 

OQ MARRIED: Kathleen Bryson 
QJJ Moore to James E. Aldridge on 
March 15. Residence: Durham, N. C. 


• John C. Gibbs, Sr., '97 died in Dan- 
ville, Va., on June 11. After practicing 
law in Fayetteville for 20 years he moved 
to Pelham, N. C, and served as judge of 
the Yanceyville, N. C., corporation court 
during World War JJ. A son and three 
grandchildren survive. 

• Mrs. Maude Hurley Chadwick '10 of 
New Bern, N. C., died on May 9. Sur- 
viving are her husband, W. C. Chadwick, 
and one sister. 

• Mrs. Reba New Hobgood '11, widow 
of E. Burke Hobgood, of Durham, died on 
April 26. She was director of the outpa- 
tient department of the Duke University 
Medical Center from the date the hospital 
opened until her retirement in 1954. Sev- 
eral years ago she was recognized as one 
of "Durham's Mothers of the Year." Sur- 
viving are three sons, including William 
Langhorne Hobgood '40 of Durham and 
Alton A. Hobgood '39, a.m. '49 of San 
Francisco, Calif. 

• W. George Matton '11, safety direc- 
tor in Louisville, Ky., from 1953 until 
1962, died at his home on April 20. Be- 
fore assuming this position, Mr. Matton 
had completed a 40-year career with the 
British-American Tobacco Co., Ltd., of 
which he was deputy chairman. He worked 
for and managed British American sub- 
sidiaries in Richmond, Va., and Panama 
and for 13 years in Mexico, before going 
to Louisville in 1933 as a director, with 
primary responsibilities of overseeing Mex- 
ican and Central American operations. 
Survivors include his wife, the former Nan 
(Flossie) Jeffreys '14; two sons and a 

• Thomas J. Gill '14 and his wife were 
killed in an automobile accident on May 
18. They were 15 miles from Laurinburg, 
N. C, where they made their home. Sur- 
vivors include a son and a daughter, Mary 
Gill Clarke ph.d. '54, of Chapel Hill, and 
a brother, Edwin Gill, l'24, of Raleigh. 

• Esker Crutchfield King '20, wife of 
Jettie A. King '20 of Durham, died on 
May 12. Besides her husband, she is sur- 
vived by a daughter and one son, J. Ed- 
ward King '54, a.m. '61. 

• F. Emerson Tucker '23 of Durham 
and Clearwater, Fla., died on June 17 in 
Durham. He was a retired automobile 
dealer. In addition to his wife, he is sur- 
vived by one daughter, Charlotte Tucker 
O'Shea (Mrs. Thomas) '47 of Raleigh. 

• Mrs. Elizabeth Hicks Hummel '24 of 
Oxford, N. C, died on April 26. She was 
founder and chronicler of the Granville 
County Historical Society, member of the 
Jamestown Society, and was noted foi 
genealogical research. Survivors include 
three sons, one being Leslie R. Hummel, 
Jr. '55 of Miami, Fla. 

• Leila Ruth Massey '25, a retired 
Health Department employee of Durham, 

died on April 25. She was a member of 
the North Carolina Public Health Asso- 
ciation and the Secretarial and Statistical 
Section of the Public Health Association. 
In October 1967, she was given special 
recognition for 25 years of service in the 
Public Health Association. Four sisters 

• Edith Hulin Reed (Mrs. Harvey) '25, 
a former resident and native of Durham, 
died on April 10 in Los Gatos, Calif., 
where she had made her home for the 
past 15 years. Survivors include two 

• John F. Rhodes, Jr., '25 of New Bern, 
N. C, died on April 4. Prior to his re- 
tirement in 1967 he was tax collector for 
the City of New Bern. Mrs. Rhodes sur- 

• Dr. Millard Daniel Hill '26, who had 
practiced medicine in Raleigh since 1930, 
died on April 17. A former vice president 
of the American Medical Association, he 
was chairman of the Wake County Board 
of Health at the time of his death. Also, 
he was a former president and secretary 
of the Wake County Medical Society. 
Surviving are his wife, Edith Gray Boone 
Hill, b.s.n.ed. '51, and their two children, 
as well as a son and daughter by a pre- 
vious marriage. 

• Charles B. Trammel '26, a retired 
Baptist minister and resident of Elkin, 
N. C, was killed in an automobile acci- 
dent on Feb. 14. Since his retirement, he 
had been interim pastor of several 
churches. Surviving are his wife, Anne 
Hurst Trammel '26, a son and a daughter. 

• Dan W. Horton, Jr., '30 of Clear- 
water, Fla., formerly of Durham, died on 
May 4 after a brief illness. He was a 
retired sales representative for National 
Airlines. Mrs. Horton survives. 

• H. Haywood Robbins '30, ll.b. '32 
Charlotte, N. C, businessman, corpora- 
tion lawyer and builder, died on May 21 
of an apparent heart attack. He was one 
of the principal developers of the 30-story 
Wachovia Bank Building in Winston-Sa- 
lem and the 16-story Wachovia building 
in Greensboro. As a corporation lawyer, 
he represented such firms as the U. S. 
Rubber Co. and the J. A. Jones Construc- 
tion Co. He had also been active in 
Democratic party affairs, a trustee of Bre- 
vard College, and a former part-time con- 
sultant for the National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration. Survivors include 
a son, H. H. Robbins, Jr. '67. 

• Sarah Olive Smith m.ed. '30 died on 
Feb. 16 in Winston-Salem, N. C, where 
she had made her home since 1921. She 
taught mathematics at Reynolds High 
School from 1923 until 1958 and was head 
of the department after 1933. Miss Smith 
was a former president of the Winston- 
Salem unit of the Classroom Teachers' 
Association and of the Altrusa Club. 

• L. A. (Nick) Warren '30 of Spartan- 
burg, S. C, a former athletic director of 
the Durham Recreation Department, died 
on April 16 following a heart attack suf- 
fered while playing golf. He was manager 
of the Pine Street Motel in Spartanburg. 

In 1960 he received a plaque from the 
State of North Carolina for his work in 
the recreation field. Survivors include his 
wife and son, a brother and a sister. 
Marion Warren '25, a.m. '34 of Durham. 

• William E. Wilkinson m.d. '32 of 
Beckley, W. Va., died on May 5 following 
a lengthy illness. A native of North Car- 
olina, he was a member of the first grad- 
uating class of the Duke Medical School, 
served on the staff of the Medical Center 
for several years and then entered the 
army, retiring with the rank of colonel. 
He became affiliated with the Miners Me- 
morial Hospital, which is now the Beck- 
ley Appalachian Regional Hospital, in 
November 1955, and was one of the first 
two physicians to join the hospital staff. 
Surviving are his widow, a daughter, a son, 
and several brothers and sisters, including 
Dorothy Wilkinson r.n. '36, a house 
counselor for the School of Nursing at 

• James L. Judd '33, farm owner and 
operator of Fuquay-Varina, N. C, died 
on June 12 of a respiratory illness. A 
member of the Wake County Board of 
Commissioners, he first took office in Jan- 
uary 1963 and was re-elected to a second 
four-year term in 1966. Surviving are his 
wife, a daughter, and four sisters, Mrs. 
Edith Judd Parker '26. Mrs. Violette Judd 
Smith '30, Mrs. Agnes Judd Currin '24 
and Mrs. Frances Judd Muhlsteff '38. 

• Mary Green Lester r.n. '33, wife of 
David W. Lester m.d. '35, of San Diego. 
Calif., died on May 2 of a heart attack. 

• James W. Woodward '33 of Columbia, 
S. C, died on Oct. 5, 1968, following a 
heart attack. His wife. Elizabeth Lyon 
Woodward '32. and two daughters sur- 

• Dr. Warren C. Scovtlle '34, assistant 
dean of the graduate school at the Uni- 
versity of California at Los Angeles, died 
on July 1. In 1965 he had been chosen 
to establish a branch of UCLA in Bor- 
deaux, France. Surviving are his wife 
and two sons. 

• Sherrill M. Lineberger '35 of Shelby, 
N. C, died recently following an ex- 
tended illness. He was in the real estate 
and insurance business and in recent years 
was owner and manager of the Lingren 
Motel. In 1941 Mr. Lineberger was the 
first man chosen as "Shelby Young Man 
of the Year." He was one of the founders 
and first president of the local Junior 
Chamber of Commerce. Survivors include 
two sons and a daughter. 

• Roy M. Phipps '35, a tobacco ware- 
houseman of Rocky Mount, N. C, died at 
his home on May 16. He was a member 
of the board of directors of Planters Na- 
tional Bank and was on the board of the 
Wesleyan College Foundation. Mr. Phipps 
was past president of the Rocky Mount 
Tobacco Board of Trade and was a former 
director of the Eastern Carolina Ware- 
house Association and the Bright Belt 
Warehouse Association. Survivors include 
his wife and two sons, one being Roy M. 
Phipps, Jr. '66 of Greensboro. 

• DeWit Mann '36, ll.b. '39, attorney 

and mayor of Whitakers, N. C. since 
1965, died on June 29. He is survived by 
his widow and two daughters. 

• Information has been received of the 
death of William Owens Perdue '36 on 
March 20. His wife, who survives, lives 
in Orange Park, Fla. 

• Information has been received of the 
death of Richard D. Jenkinson, Jr., '37 
of Hubbard, Ohio, on Sept. 21, 1968. His 
wife survives. 

• Noble S. Willis '37 died on Dec. 3, 
1968 following a long illness. He was as- 
sociated with Bearing & Transmission 
Company of Shreveport, La. 

• Catherine A. DeHuff '39 of Phila- 
delphia, Pa., died April 21. She is sur- 
vived by two sisters. 

• John W. Long, Jr., a.m. '40, ph.d. '49 
died in Denton, Texas, on Feb. 20. From 
1946 to 1950 he was a professor of history 
at Western College, Oxford, Ohio. He 
later served as Dean of instruction at 
Eastern Arizona Junior College, and at 
the time of his death was professor of 
history at North Texas State University 
and Dean at the University of Arizona. 
Dr. Long is survived by his wife, a son 
an a daughter. 

• Luther L. Booth b.d. '41. pastor of 
First United Methodist Church, Lake 
Charles, La., died on March 17 of an ap- 
parent heart attack. A native of Baton 
Rouge, he had served in New Orleans 
prior to assuming the charge which he 
held at the time of his death. He was a 
member of the Lake Charles Kiwanis Club 
and chairman of several boards in the 
Methodist Conference. Mrs. Booth and 
two sons survive. 

• Samuel K. Gibson m.ed. '44 of New 
Wilmington, Pa., was killed in an auto- 
mobile accident on Dec. 15, 1968. 

• Worth Burton Royals r'44. pastor 
for the past year of the Montlieu Ave- 
nue United Methodist Church, High Point. 
N. C. died on June 14. As a member of 
the North Carolina Conference of the 
United Methodist Church, he had held 
pastorates in Danbury. Winston-Salem. 
Walnut Cove, Burnsville, Midway, Spen- 
cer and Eden. Survivors include his wid- 
ow, a daughter and three sons. 

• Walter L. Marshall '45, ll.b. '48 
of Glassboro, N. J., died unexpectedly on 
Jan. 7 at Fort Lauderdale. Fla. A lawyer 
with offices in Woodbury, he was a mem- 
ber of the Gloucester County Bar Asso- 
ciation and the State Bar Association; 
solicitor for the Glassboro Board of Ed- 
ucation and a past member, solicitor for 
the First National Bank of Glassboro and 
on its Board of Directors; and active in 
many civic and religious affairs of the 
community. Mrs. Marshall, a son and two 
daughters survive. 

• Augusta Cdrdo Nero '45, wife of 
Peter J. Nero of Coral Gables, Fla., died 
on May 24 following a lengthy illness. 
Originally from Charlotte, N. C, she was 
a member of the Coral Gables chapter of 
DAR and the Legion of Mary. Her hus- 
band and a daughter survive. 

• Reginald V. Bennett '46, m.d. '50, 

an orthopaedic surgeon of Hot Springs, 
Ark., died on May 26 of an apparent 
heart attack. Surviving are his widow and 
two sons. 

• Frank P. Ezerski, Jr.. '47, a prominent 
political and civic figure in Monessen, Pa., 
died on April 19. He was a member of 
the law firm of Ezerski. Shire & Bergstein, 
which he helped to create in 1958. He 
began his practice of law in 1950. after 
graduating from Dickinson Law School, 
and was an active trial lawyer in both 
civil and criminal cases. From 1954 
through 1957 he served as a city solicitor; 
and from 1957 to 1967. he was an assis- 
tant District Attorney in Westmoreland 
County. Mrs. Ezerski survives. 

• Paul Edward Heller '51 died on Dec. 
16, 1968, in the Tucson, Ariz., Veterans 
Hospital following an illness of several 
months. His wife had died two years be- 
fore and he had no children. Prior to his 
illness he had been comptroller of Augusta 
Federal Savings and Loan Association. 
Survivors include his parents and a sister 
of Huntington. W. Va. 

• Catherine Wike Bowyer ( Mrs. John ) 
'53, whose husband is Pastor of the First 
United Methodist Church. Mannington. 
W. Va., died on April 9. 

• Lee W. Chapin '55, an account exec- 
utive for Merrill Lynch, Pierce. Fenner 
& Smith. Pensacola. Fla.. died on March 7 
following an extended illness. His wife. 
Eleanor Needles Chapin "57. a son and 
two daughters survive. 

• Beverley Glass Taylor (Mrs. Rob- 
ert) '55 died on May 5 in Gulfport, Miss. 
She had been ill for a year. In addition 
to her husband. Mrs. Taylor is survived 
by her parents. 

• Sandra Mitchell Edwards '56, wife 
of Dr. Edgar Edwards of Greensboro, 
N. C. died at her home on April 27. She 
had just returned from the hospital with 
her five-day-old son. In addition to her 
husband, Mrs. Edwards is survived by two 

• Capt. Richard P. Anderson '60, a 
Marine Reserve pilot from Dallas, Texas, 
was killed on June 18 when his F8A Cru- 
sader jet crashed and exploded on takeoff 
from the Dallas Naval Air Station. He 
was on a routine training flight. A pilot 
for Braniff International, Captain Ander- 
son died when his parachute failed to 
open after he had ejected from his dis- 
abled fighter. He is survived by his 
mother who lives in Wadesboro, N. C. 

• William B. Roman '64 of Miami. Fla., 
was killed when the Piper Cub which he 
was piloting stalled on a spinning ma- 
neuver and plunged into a grassy landing 
strip. Also killed was his instructor, an 
Eastern Airlines jet pilot. Mr. Roman, a 
practicing attorney, was a member of the 
American, Florida and Dade County Bar 
Associations. He graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Florida Law School and at one 
time was legal aide to Judge Norman 
Hendry, Court of Appeals, Third district 
of Florida. His parents and a sister sur- 




Serving Industry 



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James A. 


Jr., CLU 



Earle A. 




Home Office 


Dan Hill, III 


Durham, N 



November 1969 
Volume 55 Number 5 

In This Issue 

ROTC Gets a Passing Grade 
By Harry R. Jackson 

A faculty committee appointed last April to investigate the 
status of ROTC on the Duke campus submitted its report Page 
at a September 25 meeting of the Duke Academic Council. 5 

Deans of the Undergraduate Schools and Colleges 
By Caroline Carlton John 

Administrative turnover seems to have been more rapid in recent years than 
it ever was in the past. The four interviews in this article introduce alumni 
to recently appointed deans of the undergraduate schools and colleges. 9 



A Goodly Heritage 
By Virginia Gray 

The concluding part of Mrs. Gray's chronicle of the Duke 
family concentrates on the life of the family in North 
Carolina and the beginning of the Duke tobacco industry. 18 

Looking Like a Million 

The 1969-70 Loyalty Fund class agents officially opened 
this year's campaign at an October 11 meeting, and op- 
timism about meeting a one million dollar goal was high. 24 


Letters Page 2 

East and West Page 22 

The Alumni Almanac Page 25 

Class Notes Page 27 


The Paul M. Gross Chemistry Building 
was dedicated on October 25. 
Photograph by Thad Sparks. 

Editorial Staff 

Harry R. Jackson '57, Editor 

Caroline Carlton John '67, Assistant Editor 

Charlotte Corbin '35, Class Notes 

Department of Alumni Affairs 

Roger L. Marshall '42, Director 
Anne Garrard '25, Assistant Director 

duke alumni register is published in February, March, May, June, August. September, November, 
and December by Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. Subscription rate: $3.00 per year. 
Copies are sent to all contributors to the Loyalty Fund. Advertising rates upon request. Change of ad- 
dress should be sent to the Alumni Records Office, Department of Alumni Affairs, Duke University. 
Second Class postage paid at Duke Station, Durham, North Carolina. © 1969 Duke University. 


Mulberry Duke Wedgwood Plates 

12 scenes in mulberry and white with dis- 
tinctive Duke border. Now selling for 
$2.50 each, $14.00 half dozen, $24.00 
dozen. Plus $1.00 for packing and mail- 
ing one plate and io0 for each additional 
plate ordered. 

Other gift suggestions 

Wedgwood plates in blue and white 
$3.50 each, $20.00 half dozen, $36.00 

Plus packing and mailing. 

Duke chairs — black with gold trim. Cap- 
tain's chair with cherry arms $40.00, 
with black arms $39.00; Boston 
Rocker $32.00. 

Shipping charges paid on delivery. 

Paintings of Duke. Available in sets of 
three only — $20.00. 

Send order to Alumni House, Duke 
Station, Durham, N.C. 27706 


Readers are invited to contribute their 
own views about content in the Register. 
Correspondence should be addressed to 
the editor, who reserves the right to 
edit all published communications. 

More on Students 

► As a member of the so called "silent 
majority," I feel almost compelled to 
break my silence. 

I have read the articles in the March- 
May, 1969, issue on three students — 
Steve Johnston, Leo Hart, and Anne 

From what I gather, the Chronicle, 
under Steve Johnston, became the voice 
of student radicals. This upsets me, of 
course, but what really caused me to 
"lose my cool" was student Johnston's 
remarks about varsity sports on campus 
being a "spoils system-pork barrel" op- 
eration and that "the kind of situation 
(athletics) creates is not a healthy aspect 
of the University." 

Whether it was intentional or not, the 
next student presented was Leo Hart, 
the type of student I went to Duke with 
ten years ago. He is in school to acquire 
an education, and the fact that he works 
even harder at his education because his 
time is so limited seems to answer the 
question for most whether or not ath- 
letics is a "healthy aspect of the Uni- 

I'm sorry, very sorry for the Steve 
Johnston's and the Anne Oliver's who 
are so confused as to the reasons why 
they are attending college. 

The former feels he must fight one 
organization and resign from another — 
in order to prove what? That students 
must have final say in University mat- 
ters? I'm sorry, I don't buy that — and if 
MSGA and WSGA have folded, it's the 
"silent majority" of students that is to 

It seems to me Duke (like other uni- 
versities and colleges) has bent over 
backwards to accommodate these stu- 
dent radicals, and still they can't be 
satisfied. It is time that Duke and other 
"institutions of higher learning" remem- 
ber that the welfare of the majority 
of the students should be topmost in 
priorities (priorities are big these days) 
and the majority of students should 

pick up the pieces and restore their stu- 
dent government. It seems simple from 
my standpoint — but I know it's not. 

I live in a university and college 
town and I get so disgusted by the ma- 
jority letting the minority make mon- 
keys of them — I just can't understand 
it. I think it all comes to one thing — 
an evaluation of what college is all 
about. Is it supposed to be a foment- 
ing pot that is supposed to bring about 
sweeping political and social changes? 
Or is it a place for intellectual stimu- 
lation-excitement? Or rather is it, after 
all, a place to prepare an individual to 
be a contributing citizen and good 

Steve Johnston feels that college is a 
place that must bring about sweeping 
changes. Anne Oliver is "bored" with 
Duke; she finds no "excitement." Leo 
Hart finds Duke a place that will pre- 
pare him for life. I'm sure there is no 
doubt by now where my sympathies 

Please, someone help me under- 
stand why college has to be "exciting." 
"stimulating." and above all "revolu- 
tionary." Why must it be more than a 
preparation for life — after all. for most, 
it's only 36 months (deducting summer 
vacations), and as I get older that's a 
very short amount of time. 

No matter what I say, many people 
will disagree with me. But I'm sorry, 
I can't help but pity the Steve John- 
ston's and Anne Oliver's who have to 
remake their university to fit their own 
confused concepts. And I can't help but 
feeling quite proud of the Leo Hart's 
and feel it's time they let others know 
how they feel about college — as he did, 
but only because he was asked. Can we 
encourage others to do the same? 

Leslie Noller Stiles '59 
(Mrs. Dennis H.) 
Amherst, Massachusetts 

► August 13, 1969, I received in the 
mail a copy of the Duke Alumni Reg- 
ister. The date of the issue? March- 
May, 1969. 

Why is the Register not geared to 
publishing events far enough ahead of 
schedule to allow us to know about 
them? Why are some events never 
announced at all? I refer in particular 
to basketball schedules and to con- 
certs. I enjoy basketball, but trying to 

find when Duke is playing in my vicin- 
ity is a difficult task. Surely you know 
the schedule ahead of time! Also, the 
Duke Glee Club still makes tours — 
but is the schedule announced? No! 
Ditto the band. 

In my opinion the Duke Alumni 
Register gets sadder by the year as an 
organ for alumni. I admit to being old- 
fashioned, naive, unsophisticated, and 
I don't give much money to the Loy- 
alty Fund, but I am sorely disappointed 
in Duke University on many counts. 
I'll alienate you right off by mention- 
ing my admiration for President Nixon 
and my feeling of shame for Duke's 
pettiness in its attitude toward him. 
The giving in to student demonstrators 
is another fault I find. Etc., etc. 

My last visit to Duke was in June. 
1966. for my twenty-fifth class reunion, 
and I thoroughly enjoyed every minute 
of it. What a pity for the decline of 
the past few years! 

I realize I have wandered off the 
first subject, but that was the straw that 
broke the camel's back, and once I 
got started on my soap box I kept go- 
ing! Thank you for the opportunity to 
sound off. 

Helen J. Walters '41 
Mt. Holly. New Jersey 

► I just can't allow Larry Partham 
[see interview in the March-May Reg- 
ister] to go to the air force thinking 
his "secret desire" unfulfilled. 

Please inform him that for many 
years the Woman's Recreation Associa- 
tion, a little publicized but very active 
organization, has been conducting both 
house and sorority intramurals in a 
large variety of team and individual 
sports. In addition it sponsors several 
interest clubs and some extramural 
competition with neighboring univer- 

Despite the endless reluctance of the 
Chronicle to recognize its existence, 
at last report the WRA was still alive 
and well. I know that Mr. Partham 
will be relieved. 

Nancy Ingram Kenderdine '64 
(Mrs. James M.) 
Norman, Oklahoma 

► A backhanded compliment if there 
ever was one, but I want to tell you that 

I actually read the March-May Alumni 
Register. It must be the first time in 
ten years that I have gotten through 
anything but the class notes. 

It was splendid. Enjoyed every one 
of the interviews with students and ap- 
preciated the fact that you presented 
the material as it really was and did 
not try to slant it to make some point. 
We so rarely see this in journalism; 
facts are almost always selectively 
chosen to be sensational or dramatic. 
One has to discount almost everything 
he reads about students these days. 

I do hope we can have more issues 
of the Register like this one. I per- 
sonally do not care for the weighty, 
academic articles we usually get. Be- 
ing an editor myself, I well appreciate 
how much time it took to put this issue 
together, and I certainly hand you my 
thanks. The only thing that peeved 
me a bit was that the only sorority 
girls you could find to interview, out- 
side of the black student, were Thetas! 

Margaret Knights Hultsch '54 
(Mrs. Roland A.) 
Columbia. Missouri 

Wrong Profession 

► My picture appeared in the Septem- 
ber issue of the Duke Alumni Register 
in conjunction with the article, "Can 
Duke Come to the Rescue," by Caro- 
line Carlton John. The caption of the 
picture indicated that I was a physician's 
assistant. I am not a physician's assis- 
tant. I am a registered inhalation thera- 
pist, currently the director of the in- 
halation therapy department and school 
of inhalation therapy. 

Since my chosen profession is in- 
halation therapy, I am sure that you 
can understand that I cannot be iden- 
tified with another profession. 

Houston R. Anderson 
Duke Medical Center 
Durham. North Carolina 

Mr. A nderson 

-?"-* " "- r >yz~ iiMKL 

S>-.%rt - ■* "' -.-.■ -, v 

j.. - f 

ROTC Gets a Passing Grade 

By Harry R. Jackson 

DUKE UNIVERSITY and the mili- 
tary first became acquainted in 1861 
for reasons that were both patriotic 
and financial. These same reasons 
seem basic to the relationship that ex- 
ists today — and to the fact that a 
faculty committee on ROTC recom- 
mended that the relationship continue 
to exist with only the most minor modi- 

The recommended modifications are: 

• That efforts be made, particularly 
by the NROTC unit, to reduce the 
amount of time required for ROTC 
activities for which the student does 
not receive academic credit. 

• That a formal, mandatory pro- 
cedure be established for the continuing 
"strict scrutiny" of senior officers nom- 
inated by the services to command 
ROTC units on campus and who, un- 
der public law, must have the academic 
rank of professor. 

• That military instructors other 
than the senior officer be given "visit- 
ing" academic ranks. 

• That the ROTC units investigate 
opportunities to cooperate with stan- 
dard academic departments in offer- 
ing required ROTC instruction. 

These recommendations were con- 
tained in a report (see p. 6) the ROTC 
committee submitted on September 25 
to the Academic Council. The coun- 
cil, an elected representative body of 
University faculty, debated nearly an 
hour and a half before voting, 35-14. 
to approve the committee report. 

This vote, said council Chairman 
Donald J. Fluke, represented the 
"opinion of the council only." Spe- 
cific recommendations in the report 
have been referred by the council's Ex- 
ecutive Committee to the University 
administration, which, in turn, has re- 

ferred directly to the ROTC groups the 
proposals for interdepartmental coop- 
eration and a reduced load of required 
non-credit ROTC activities. The Aca- 
demic Council was instructed to deter- 
mine the matter of title changes, and 
the administration itself is establishing 
a formal procedure for selection of 
senior officers. 

"My reaction [to the report] was 
most favorable," said Captain Harry 
M. Cocowitch, commander of the Duke 
NROTC unit. He was seconded in this 
opinion by Lieutenant Colonel Louis 
A. Barre, III, senior officer in the air 
force ROTC group, who also said that 
the "visiting" designation attached to 
the titles of junior officers would not. 
in his opinion, "hinder the program." 
And although both officers indicated 
the complete readiness of their units to 
cooperate interdepartmentally with the 
standard academic disciplines, they felt 
that some courses were uniquely mili- 
tary and had to have military instruc- 

The commanders also agreed that 
both ROTC units had already reduced 
drill and other required non-credit 
ROTC activities "to what we consider 
a minimum for our purposes." As 
indicated in the committee report, this 
reduction has been greater in the case 
of the air force than the navy. 

Neither officer prior to the council 
vote would comment about what posi- 
tion his branch of the military would 
assume in the event that the effective- 
ness of the Duke ROTC program, in 
the judgment of the military, was re- 
duced. Nor did he indicate what would 
constitute an ineffective program. How- 
ever, both commanders emphasized 
that more schools wanted the programs 
than did not want them — and that 

there was no need for the military to 
remain on a hostile campus. 

Although a military departure from 
Duke was not forced as a result 
of the Academic Council vote, ob- 
servers at the meeting did feel at 
moments during the debate that the 
vote possibly might be to reject the 
committee report. Dr. Peter H. Klop- 
fer. professor of zoology, began the op- 
position by calling the report "a very 
curious document indeed" before won- 
dering aloud about what evidence ac- 
tually existed to support the claim that 
a ROTC-university relationship serves 
to "liberalize" the military. And he 
stated his belief that the committee 
had "largely evaded" what he con- 
sidered the two basic issues involved 
in any University decision concerning 

These issues, said Dr. Klopfer, were: 
(1) whether or not ROTC and Uni- 
versity goals are compatible; and (2) 
whether or not armed forces are, as 
assumed by the committee, a neces- 
sity. Such issues were particularly im- 
portant, said Dr. Klopfer, at a time 
"when many people oppose an unjust 
war in Vietnam." He then moved that 
the Academic Council call for the ad- 
ministration to terminate the Univer- 
sity's connection with ROTC "as early 
as is administratively feasible." 

The attempt to tie approval of the 
report to approval of the Vietnam war 
was transparent and not effective. 
However, some faculty members in at- 
tendance were concerned about the 
academic respectability of ROTC and 
seemed, therefore, to feel that a vote 
for approval might indeed be a vote for 
dilution of some ideal university which 
the committee had failed to define. 

Continued on page 8 

Report of 
the Faculty 
ROTC Committee 

X» For the foreseeable future the nation 
will have armed forces which will be 
used in the ways deemed necessary by 
those elected to govern. Failures of those 
who govern to choose sound courses of 
action in the conduct of foreign policy 
and war must be corrected by the demo- 
cratic process and not by abolishing or 
crippling the armed forces. 

£ . Granted the need for armed forces, 
ROTC training programs in the universi- 
ties appear to the committee to be legiti- 
mate and important sources for well- 
trained officers. The programs are bene- 
ficial both to the civilian population and 
to the services, providing them with a va- 
riety of suitable officers under conditions 
conducive to the preservation of demo- 
cratic ideals. 

J . The United States is almost unique 
among nations in that the military es- 
tablishment has never overthrown the 
civilian government. The fidelity of our 
military to the civilian authorities is not 
to be taken for granted. Throughout our 
nation's past, the military forces have 
been either small and widely dispersed 
under the control of the states or com- 
posed in large part of civilian soldiers. 
Particularly if the draft is to be discon- 
tinued and enlisted men drawn once again 
entirely from persons attracted to the 
military life, it is essential that able and 
well-trained officers with civilian loyalties 
occupy the positions of command. Fur- 
thermore, the desirability of having the 
most able, the sanest, and the best edu- 
cated men behind the fingers on the nu- 
clear triggers cannot be overemphasized. 

^t. The committee believes that the 
danger of driving ROTC out of the 
smaller, private institutions such as Duke, 
thereby causing the units to be concen- 
trated in a few large universities, perhaps 
with lower academic standards, outweighs 
the disadvantages of having some para- 
military preparation on the college cam- 
pus. Relinquishing the training of a ma- 
jor portion of the officer corps to military 
schools conducted exclusively by profes- 
sional officers would be even more un- 
fortunate. For these reasons the commit- 
tee rejects the view that the ROTC should 
be removed from the campus. 

J) a At Duke as elsewhere the ROTC 
programs have proved to be an effective 

means of getting educated, civilian-ori- 
ented men into the services, thus infusing 
democratic ideas and values into the 
military establishment and influencing the 
thinking of the command structure, in- 
cluding those officers trained entirely with- 
in the military services. According to 
the Department of Defense, nearly one- 
half of the officers of the armed forces 
are ROTC graduates. Approximately one- 
third of the generals in the Army today 
are also products of ROTC. For these 
reasons, we think that Duke University 
is not justified in removing the ROTC 
programs from campus without clear and 
convincing proof that they are inflicting 
harm on the University that outweighs 
the national interest. 

\J» Assuming that the retention of 
ROTC on campus is in the national in- 
terest, is its presence compatible with the 
educational objectives of Duke Univer- 
sity? It has not been established before 
the committee that the ROTC programs 
are having any substantially detrimental 
effect on the University. On the contrary, 
the services have been striving, with con- 
siderable success, to achieve higher aca- 
demic standards for their course offerings. 
If. despite these efforts, some courses 
still have shortcomings or are being taught 
improperly, these defects should be recti- 
fied, but the emphasis should be on 
strengthening and improving the ROTC 
programs, not on ordering their removal 
as undesirable or in downgrading them 
so as to diminish their effectiveness or 
their appeal to students. Duke should 
not exclude ROTC from the campus, or 
do the same thing in an indirect way, by 
laying down conditions (such as barring 
all credit for ROTC courses of whatever 
character) that would make the con- 
tinued existence of the programs on cam- 
pus impossible or intolerable. 

/ « The committee has taken note of 
the circumstance that ROTC offerings 
were discussed in recent deliberations of 
the Undergraduate Faculty Council when 
it was revising the curriculum. On the 
basis of an extended review by its Sub- 
committee on Curriculum, the Under- 
graduate Faculty Council voted approval 
of the ROTC four-course plan and re- 
jected a proffered amendment to remove 
credit from all ROTC courses. We note 
also that the Subcommittee on Curriculum, 
in its most recent review of the NROTC 
offerings in October 1968, concluded that 
they would be "a most effective instru- 
ment for training midshipmen and Ma- 

rine Corps candidates and . . . fitted easily 
into Duke's new undergraduate curric- 
ulum." When the curriculum was revised, 
the two ROTC departments reduced their 
requirements substantially to conform to 
the four-course load. Students in both 
programs now take only four one-semes- 
ter ROTC courses for credit during their 
four undergraduate years. This comprises 
no more than 12Vi percent of their course 
requirements. Additional work such as 
drill, professional indoctrination, etc., is 
taken without credit just as any other 
extracurricular activity would be. It is 
recommended, however, that efforts be 
made, especially by the NROTC, to 
reduce the amount of time required for 
orientation and other non-credit activi- 
ties, such as drill. 


*. We have not overlooked the sug- 
gestion that armed service officer procure- 
ment schemes should be confined to sum- 
mer programs. Such an approach, it is 
claimed, would not interfere with a stu- 
dent's education but would still secure 
for the armed forces candidates who have 
been exposed to the liberalizing influences 
of the university. Although some officer 
candidates have been and will continue to 
be procured through this route, experi- 
ence has shown that candidates who 
enter the armed forces through the ROTC 
route receive a decidedly superior pro- 
fessional training and more often become 
career officers than do those entering 
service via the "ninety-day wonder" 
route. The four-course limitation has 
forced the two ROTC departments to 
eliminate all but the minimum essentials 
if they are to accomplish the educational 
objectives desired. It should be remem- 
bered also that both services require con- 
siderable summer training, cruises, etc., 
and both stress the necessity for a program 
which continues throughout the under- 
graduate years without interruption. 

_J % The argument has been raised that 
ROTC courses, even if rigorously taught, 
are "trade school" or professional in- 
struction having no place in a liberal 
arts college. This argument could be 
levelled with equal merit against certain 
courses in engineering, accounting, edu- 
cation, music, etc. The presence of pro- 
fessional instruction during the four un- 
dergraduate years is admittedly a com- 
promise, but the university community has 
long since accepted this compromise as a 
reasonable one. Moreover, the committee 
discovered in its scrutiny that many of 
the required ROTC courses compare fa- 

vorably in intellectual content with courses 
offered by regular academic departments 
of the University. 


. An additional consideration fa- 
voring the retention of ROTC can campus 
is the power of the two programs to at- 
tract superior students to Duke. The Ad- 
missions Office staff strongly attest to this 
fact. The availability of generous subsi- 
dies through the service programs, offer- 
ing a total of as many as 120 scholar- 
ships each year, makes it possible to re- 
cruit outstanding students who for finan- 
cial reasons could not otherwise come to 
Duke. In the case of the NROTC, awards 
are based on a nationwide competition 
selecting candidates from a field of more 
than 20,000 applicants, so the quality of 
the winners is high. The AFROTC pur- 
sues a somewhat different procedure, mak- 
ing awards, for the most part, after a 
student has selected the university of his 
choice. Once made, however, an AFROTC 
student may transfer with his scholarship 
to another school. Therefore any attempt 
to deny the award of academic credit to the 
remaining minimum of required ROTC 
courses would operate to encourage the 
student holding a service scholarship to 
transfer to another school and carry his 
subsidy with him. Removal of ROTC 
programs would deny to many students 
the privilege of attending Duke Univer- 


, The total dollar amounts provided 
as tuition scholarships and other subsi- 
dies (including grants for books, subsis- 
tence, etc.) should not be regarded as a 
sufficient reason in and of themselves for 
retaining or rejecting ROTC on campus. 
Nonetheless, the fact remains that the 
financial aid contributed by the two pro- 
grams is very substantial. The NROTC 
makes available annually somewhat over 
a quarter of a million dollars. The 
AFROTC adds another hundred thousand 
to this sum. To provide scholarships for 
the same number of outstanding students 
of limited financial means would require 
over six million dollars in unencumbered 


Can ROTC be retained on cam- 
pus without distorting the essential char- 
acter of the university as a place for ra- 
tional inquiry and discussion in an at- 
mosphere free from all coercion? In con- 
fronting this question, the committee took 
note of two compelling considerations. 

First, the American Association of Uni- 
versity Professors, with this very issue in 
view, adopted a resolution in full con- 
vention, 3 May 1969, urging that faculty 
status be accorded only to those instruc- 
tors appointed by procedures applicable 
to the faculty as a whole. Second, ac- 
cording to Public Law 88-647. chapter 
2102, no ROTC unit may be retained un- 
less the senior commissioned officer in 
that program at the university is given the 
academic rank of professor. If the senior 
officer in each program were to be as- 
signed arbitrarily to the unit by his su- 
periors, the stipulations of the AAUP 
and of the federal statute would appear to 
be in conflict. Upon investigation, how- 
ever, the committee discovered that Duke 
University does not permit the services 
to assign an officer arbitrarily to assume 
the post as senior professor in either of 
the service departments. The services in 
question nominate candidates and submit 
dossiers to the University authorities, 
normally the Provost, the Dean of Arts 
and Sciences, and the Dean of Trinity Col- 
lege. These dossiers are scrutinized and 
approval granted or withheld. It should 
be emphasized that the University has in 
fact rejected a substantial number of those 
individuals presented. Selection is on the 
basis of formal educational attainments 
(nominees often hold advanced degrees), 
teaching experience, practical experience 
in the field bearing on the subject to be 
taught, etc. Moreover, no nominee is ac- 
cepted for the post as professor until he 
has been interviewed in person at Duke. 
It appeared to the committee that the 
practice at Duke conforms to the stipu- 
lations laid down by the AAUP. None- 
theless, we would especially urge that the 
present practice of strict scrutiny of ser- 
vice nominees be continued. Further, we 
recommended that this procedure be for- 
malized and made mandatory. 

I ^J « The argument has been raised 
that while the procedures outlined above 
may well safeguard the level of compe- 
tence desired of instructors, the presence, 
as voting faculty, of a considerable num- 
ber of military officers who are essentially 
transients is undesirable. The opinion has 
been expressed that the loyalties of mili- 
tary instructors lie ultimately along an- 
other direction than those of faculty 
members in the traditional disciplines, 
and therefore they should not be accorded 
voting power in the general faculty. The 
committee recognizes the merit of this 
contention and its potentially serious 
implications and recommends that all 
military instructors below the senior of- 

Report of 

the Faculty 

ROTC Committee 

ficer in each department be accorded rank 
as visiting associate professor, visiting 
assistant professor, etc., on the assumption 
that visiting professors do not have a 
vote in any faculty body. By this means 
they will enjoy all the immunities, priv- 
ileges, and responsibilities normally en- 
joyed by other faculty members in a 
visiting status yet will not by their presence 
skew the pattern of faculty voting. Under 
the existing statute the senior professor in 
each service department must be accorded 
full faculty status. The committee con- 
cluded, however, that the presence of two 
military votes in the entire faculty would 
not constitute a threat to academic in- 


7 # Another resolution adopted by 
the AAUP in convention, 3 May 1969, 
stipulated that academic credit should be 
available only for those courses under the 
control of and approved by the faculty. 
As noted in paragraph 7, above, this pro- 
cedure is already in force at Duke Uni- 
versity. The two service departments 
present their course offerings to the Sub- 
committee on Curriculum of the Under- 
graduate Faculty Council just as do all 
other departments. To insure the highest 
possible degree of academic quality in the 
required ROTC courses, the committee in- 
vestigated the possibility of placing the 
burden of these courses within regular 
academic departments. Far from resist- 
ing this suggestion, the two ROTC units 
indicated an eagerness to accomplish this 
whenever feasible. There is already an 
AFROTC regulation, 53-3, encouraging 
precisely this kind of cooperation, espe- 
cially by means of joint teaching efforts. 
The service view on collaboration with 
the conventional departments seems to be 
that the greater the exposure, the healthier 
the ROTC courses will be. However, they 
do point out that the complete abandon- 
ment of officer participation in the teach- 
ing role would deprive the programs of 
opportunities to communicate concepts of 
professionalism which have proved to be 
highly valuable in the past. In light of 
these considerations, the committee rec- 
ommends that the two service departments 
investigate the opportunities for coopera- 
tion with the conventional academic de- 
partments, wherever feasible, when offer- 
ing instruction in the required ROTC 

Jacob J. Blum 

I. B. Holley, Jr. 

F. Hodge O'Neal 

Dana P. Ripley 

Seth L. Warner, Chairman 

ROTC Gets a Passing Grade 

Continued from page 5 

Three members of the ROTC com- 
mittee came to their own defense. "I 
hope we made it clear in the report that 
ROTC is a compromise," said Dr. 
Dana Ripley. He conceded that ROTC 
might not be present in an ideal uni- 
versity if it were possible to create such 
a creature; but, he said, the world it- 
self is not ideal, and, since the univer- 
sity exists in the world, the university 
has part of the world's corruption 
within it. The university is no longer 
a place, he declared, "where scholars 
do nothing but sit and pursue truth." 

Professor F. Hodge O'Neal, also a 
member of the committee, contended 
that the "basic issues" were not avoided 
in the report. The committee was 
"split" when it began deliberations, he 
said, and one member had even voted 
against giving academic credit for 
ROTC courses during the curricular 
review the University conducted in 
1967-68. This, he seemed to feel, re- 
futed the claim by some faculty mem- 
bers that the five-member committee 
was not representative of divergent 

In the parliamentary maneuvering 
which followed Dr. Klopfer's original 
motion, Dr. Creighton Lacy made a sub- 
stitute motion to refer the report back to 
committee, perhaps one with an enlarged 
representation, for more complete con- 
sideration of the role of ROTC. Later. 
Dr. David C. Sabiston, Jr., professor 
of surgery, made a second substitute 
motion to the effect that the Academic 
Council go on record as having ap- 
proved the committee report. Dr. Sa- 
biston's motion eventually carried as the 
majority of the council, after discus- 
sion, either separated the issue of 
ROTC from that of the nature of the 
University itself, or accepted the no- 
tion of an imperfect university in an 
imperfect world. 

The council vote seemed to settle, 
at least for the time being, an issue 
which became public at Duke last 
spring on May 7, when the Student 
Liberation Front (now Praxis-Socialist 
Action Union) held a rally on the 
Chapel steps. The essence of this or- 
derly and somewhat inefficient protest 

seems contained in the following sen- 
tences taken from a handbill distributed 
among the audience: 

The University is not an ivory tower; 
it is not isolable from society. Its choice 
of who it shall serve determines its polit- 
ical, economic, and social role. By par- 
ticipating in widespread military research 
and supporting ROTC programs, the Uni- 
versity serves and in fac[t] becomes a part 
of the "military-industrial-academic es- 
tablishment (to use Senator McCarthy's 

Before marching the rally to Wallace 
Wade Stadium, where the annual ROTC 
review was being held, a spokesman 
for the SLF said that the University 
was being given until October 1 to 
make a decision regarding the status 
of ROTC. The implication — if not the 
explicit statement — was that the Uni- 
versity must remove ROTC from the 
campus. A threat of further trouble 
was made in the event that the Univer- 
sity did not meet the deadline (and 
in the event that it did not abide by the 
desire of the SLF). 

The rally, insofar as the ROTC pro- 
testers were concerned, was peaceful. 
The leaders had been warned before- 
hand that any attempt to march onto 
the stadium playing field with the 
ROTC units would be considered a 
violation of the University's pickets and 
protests policy. The 200 to 300 pro- 
testers therefore remained in the stands, 
limiting themselves to anti-war and 
anti-ROTC chants. 

A second group of students, num- 
bering perhaps fifty to sixty, also ap- 
peared in the stands. This group os- 
tensibly was composed of ROTC sup- 
porters, but its membership seemed 
primarily opposed personally to the 
protesters. They indulged in shouting 
epithets and also threw at least two eggs 
into the crowd of anti-ROTC demon- 

In addition to being the first public 
protest against ROTC, this incident rep- 
resented the first mild but unpleasant 
campus "confrontation" between the 
student "left" and "right" — and it also 
served to illustrate that at this event the 
left's chants were more original and less 
vulgar than the epithets hurled by the 

As for the deadline, "I don't think 
anybody has been thinking at all about 
that," said ROTC committee Chairman 

Seth L. Warner several days prior to 
the council meeting. The committee 
had been appointed in April by the 
Academic Council in what seemed to 
be a pre-emptive act. It also seemed 
pre-emptive that on May 6, the day 
before the anti-ROTC rally, a letter 
from the committee appeared in the 
Chronicle inviting members of the 
University community to submit their 
views on ROTC to the committee. 
However, Dr. Warner said that the 
timing of the invitation was coinci- 
dental and not planned. 

Eighteen individuals and four cam- 
pus organizations responded, said Dr. 
Warner. Of the individuals, eight sup- 
ported ROTC and ten were opposed. 
All four organizations were opposed. 
The response was surprisingly small, 
said Dr. Warner. 

The committee, which had been 
given very little initial guidance by the 
council other than "to investigate 
ROTC on campus," completed its re- 
port on July 2. Following the coun- 
cil's approval of the report, the SLF 
released a statement saying that the 
"University has complied with the SLF's 
demand" that a decision on ROTC 
be made by October 1. The statement 
somehow seemed painfully made in 
view of the organization's opposition to 

Yet it is not accurate to write that 
the SLF protesters failed entirely. They 
are not likely to bring about — as they 
have claimed for their goal — "the even- 
tual transformation of American so- 
ciety," at least not in the sense that it 
becomes transformed into exactly what 
the SLF desires. But if they can keep 
their voices from being obscured by the 
tactics and rhetoric of protest, and if 
they are listened to with something other 
than entrenched obdurancy, then their 
voices, and the voices of others like 
them, can promote a re-examination of 
old structures and the creation of either 
new conviction in the defense of those 
structures, or, where necessary, modifi- 
cation of them, or perhaps even the 
creation of new structures. And it is 
precisely this type of re-examination 
that many student protesters — perhaps 
the followers and sympathizers more so 
than the leaders — seem to be asking for 
between the lines of their protests over 
such specific issues as ROTC. 


of the 

and Colleges 

i i; 




By Caroline Carlton John 

NOT LONG AGO there seemed to be a certain constancy about the 
names and faces of University administrators. Many of these persons 
had matured with the institution; they were as familiar to alumni as the 
Chapel. But age is less quickly abrasive upon stone than upon flesh, and 
by 1960 the list of emeriti administrators started to lengthen. The tenure 
of their replacements, in many instances, has been comparatively short; 
and in three of the undergraduate schools and colleges the deanship has 
changed twice in recent years, with the latest changes occurring during 
the past few months. In the fourth undergraduate school, nursing, the 
deanship has changed once. Since many alumni are not familiar with 
the new deans, we felt that the following interviews would be useful. 

Dr. Hall 

"A university 
is a far different 
administrative organization 
than a federal agency." 

DR. HUGH M. HALL is the new dean 
of Trinity College. In an administra- 
tive reorganization this summer, he was 
selected to take the position formerly 
held by Dr. James L. Price, who is now 
in the newly created position of dean 
of undergraduate education and vice 
provost (see p. 21). 

Dr. Hall has been active in the ad- 
ministration of West Campus since 
1 966, when he was made dean of fresh- 
men and an associate dean of Trinity 
College. For a seven-month period, he 
also served as acting dean. 

The tall, white-haired Texas native 
has been in the political science de- 
partment at Duke since 1952, as a full 
professor since 1968. An interesting 
and thorough teacher, his area of ex- 
pertise is, appropriately, public and 
national administration in government. 

Like most deans, he continues to teach, 
and is looking forward this year to 
returning to teaching on the under- 
graduate level. 

In the administrative hierarchy, Dr. 
Hall and Dr. Juanita Kreps, new dean 
of the Woman's College, "will work 
closely with Dean Price in efforts to co- 
ordinate the various academic and 
non-academic programs of undergrad- 
uate education that relate to Trinity 
and the Woman's College." 

The line of authority in the academic 
administration commences with the 
provost. Dr. Marcus Hobbs, through 
Dean Price, as vice provost, to the 
deans of the various schools and col- 
leges, particularly to Dr. Hall and 
Dr. Kreps, who are also designated as- 
sistant provosts. The position of vice 
provost, according to Dr. Hall, "gives 
organizational acknowledgment to a 
condition that has been present for a 
number of years — namely the need for 
an officer at a level above the col- 
leges but beneath the provost, who 
would provide co-ordination and lead- 
ership in undergraduate education." 

Dean Price will serve also as chair- 
man of the Undergraduate Faculty 
Council, composed of representatives 
from all the academic departments, 
which Dr. Hall considers "the most 
significant body on campus in terms 
of its authority and power in decision- 
making," particularly in curricular mat- 

Dr. Hall entered the administration 
as dean of freshmen because he felt it 
"offered a continuation of the type of 
interest I had always enjoyed as an 
undergraduate teacher," with greater 
emphasis upon "advising" the "new 
and untried students." 

The job has been a satisfactory one, 
according to Dean Hall, "although one 
finds oneself on the firing line more 
than one did as a faculty member." 
But he does not emphasize the un- 
pleasant aspects; having anticipated 
criticism before assuming the post, he 
considers it to have been "mild." 

He has found both "confirmation 
and denial of many ideas" he held on 
administration. "I don't think the aca- 
demic approach to administration is a 
sure-fire guarantee of effectiveness in 
performing administrative functions," 
he said. "A University is a far dif- 

ferent administrative organization than, 
say, a federal agency. Its purposes are 
different, its structure is different, and 
its clientele is different; therefore, the 
administrative practices are greatly in- 
fluenced by the purposes which the or- 
ganization is meant to serve." 

According to Dr. Hall, no one re- 
gards faculty as "mere employees." 
Rather, they are "first and foremost 
representatives of the purposes of the 
University." Neither are students the 
traditional "clientele." Therefore the 
administrator in a university "should 
be looked upon as a 'servant,' as the ad- 
ministrator of the will of the faculty in 
academic matters." 

For the students, Dr. Hall said, "we 
are a staff of administrative officers who 
attempt to assist them in terms of aca- 
demic advice, to keep them informed 
of the rules and regulations that per- 
tain to curriculum and to social life, 
and to bear the responsibility for the 
residential programs." 

The administrative staff of Trinity is 
larger than that of the other schools 
and colleges — Peter Carboni, assistant 
dean with special responsibility for 
seniors; Gerald Wilson, assistant dean 
with responsibility for juniors and 
sophomores; Alan Jenks, dean of fresh- 
men and in charge of social and dis- 
ciplinary matters for engineers; Robert 
Cox, long-time dean of men, now as- 
sociate dean and pre-medical advisor to 
students; Richard Cox, dean of men, 
with responsibility for residential pro- 
grams; and Buck Ferguson, assistant 
to the dean of men. 

In the area of residential life, the 
dean's staff provides housemasters, as- 
sistant housemasters and resident fel- 
lows for the living groups, assists the 
houses in curricular and co-curricular 
programs and in the organization of 
house governments, and attends to the 
more mundane but complex chore of 
assigning some 2,500 males to rooms. 
The administrative tasks are compli- 
cated by having to deal with three types 
of living groups, each with different 
problems and needs: the all-freshman 
house, cross-sectional "independent" 
houses, and fraternities. And it is on 
the quality of West Campus residential 
life that most administrative and stu- 
dent attention has been focused in the 
last year. 


In July the Residential Life Com- 
mittee submitted its final fifty-eight 
page report with nine proposals for the 
reorganization of residential life at 
Duke. If one proposal can be singled 
out as foremost in the committee's re- 
port, it is that the all-freshman house 
should be eliminated in favor of cross- 
sectional living groups of 40 to 100 stu- 
dents. In order to achieve this end, the 
committee proposed that all fraternities 
accept a quota of randomly assigned 
freshmen into their sections. During 
rush, freshmen could choose to remain 
in the fraternity or independent house 
where they were assigned or could par- 
ticipate in rush for membership into 
another living group. 

A second major proposal called for 
a pattern of federations, some co-edu- 
cational, to be introduced on both cam- 
puses. Each federation would be com- 
posed of several houses and have its 
own dean, thus setting up an entirely 
new pattern in administration. Other 
proposals included the formation of a 
standing committee on residential life, 
a co-educational living-learning group 
of juniors and seniors, a five- to ten- 
year program of residential construc- 
tion and renovation, and the incorpora- 
tion of freshmen and sophomore nurses 
into East Campus dormitories. 

According to Dean Hall, "the far- 
reaching implications of some of the 
committee's proposals obviously make 
their immediate implementation impos- 
sible, even if we assume their accept- 
ability to the University. More time will 
be needed to evaluate them and, par- 
ticularly, to find ways of accomplishing 
them." Yet he does "see some interim 
steps we can take to improve the quality 
of our residential program." 

These steps include providing resident 
fellows for all the living groups, if it is 
financially feasible and if it is agreeable 
with the fraternities. Currently, resident 
fellows live in all the independent cross- 
sectional dorms, but in none of the fra- 
ternities. "There is no reason why we 
can't attempt next year the experiment 
in the co-educational program for jun- 
iors and seniors, as recommended by 
the Residential Life Committee," said 
Dean Hall, "if we can get the space. 
We can also do our best to expand the 
Faculty Fellow program and thereby 

move a little closer to one of the com- 
mittee's other goals. But these steps 
admittedly won't be sufficient to remedy 
the main problem which the commit- 
tee saw, the all-freshman house. They 
really don't speak to that." 

"Eventually, a very basic decision has 
to be made as to what the long-run pos- 
ture of residential life will be. Will we 
move toward a system of cross-sectional 
houses, somewhat like on East? And 
if so, how can fraternities remain as 
residential units?" Of fraternities, Dr. 
Hall asked, "Who, on this critical issue 
where nearly 50 per cent of the men on 
campus are members, is fully prepared 
to say, 'you're abolished as residential 
groups.' The Residential Life Com- 
mittee seems to have said it, but I'm 
rather certain that a lot more thought 
will be given to the matter before a final 
decision is made." A permanent de- 
cision, he feels, will await the naming 
of a new president or a permanent 

For the "interregnum" period, Dean 
Hall very much approves the recent ac- 
tion by the Undergraduate Faculty 
Council in establishing a standing com- 
mittee on student residential life, as a 
successor to the Residential Life Com- 
mittee appointed by Dr. Knight. 
"Hopefully," said Dean Hall, "the new 
committee will be able to resolve some 
of the basic issues coming out of the 
previous committee's report and to pro- 
vide our new president and chancellor 
with a set of recommendations which 
are supported by a wide consensus on 

The dean's staff is also closely in- 
volved with the social regulations of 
West Campus. Last year the West Cam- 
pus Community Council, a group of stu- 
dents, faculty, and deans, drew up a 
set of guidelines on social regulations. 
Each house on West was asked to draft 
its own regulations in conformity with 
the guidelines. The results, at least from 
the view in Allen Building, were less 
than entirely satisfactory. Most house 
regulations were quite liberal in visita- 
tion privileges accorded to women 
guests, for example, but insufficiently 
attentive to the needs of students for 
such basic requirements as quiet and 
rest. As a result, the Community Coun- 
cil was convened a week before classes 
began this fall in order to eval- 

uate the "experiment in self-govern- 
ance" which it had initiated last spring. 
Dean Hall hopes that the Council will 
modify its guidelines and thus the rules 
which the houses may adopt. "Other- 
wise," he noted, "the experiment will 
not be permitted to continue." 

Another area which causes the dean's 
staff great concern is the increasing 
use of drugs on campus. "This, of 
course, is a condition throughout the 
country, as we all know," noted Dean 
Hall. "It's certainly not confined to 
the college campuses. As a result, it is 
quite incorrect, I think, to hold any col- 
lege or university responsible for some- 
how creating the problem for its stu- 
dents. Of course, some students first 
have the chance to experiment with 
drugs in the freedom that comes from 
being away from home. But we find 
increasingly that students bring the 
problem with them from their past ex- 
periences and contacts with drugs. Still, 
regardless of whether drugs are first 
used before or after entering the Uni- 
versity, the fact remains that the inci- 
dence of their use among students is 
growing, and we recognize that we must 
be prepared to deal with the resulting 
problems as effectively and responsibly 
as we can. And this is what we do, 
through education and counseling, and 
also through disciplinary action when 

"There is one aspect of this whole 
matter of drugs, and the University's 
response to it," said Dean Hall, "about 
which many students are keenly in- 
terested and, sometimes, in my view, 
quite unreasonable. I mean the ques- 
tion about the use of police and outside 
enforcement of the drug laws. Some 
students appear to consider the campus 
a refuge or haven where the drug laws 
don't or shouldn't apply. But, of 
course, that's an unreasonable and im- 
possible position to support. We can't 
operate as a police state and certainly 
wouldn't want to if we could. But 
if the police start an investigation, stu- 
dents must understand that this is no 
haven and they can be held responsible 
for violation of federal and state law. 
There will be no condoning by the 
University. We will try to play an edu- 
cative role and follow the liberal's hope 
that if you make a man aware of the 
facts he'll choose the better course." 


,- : :'"'^- : ::. 

-f ,,,, J 

Dr. Kreps 

"What I think may be lacking is a concentration 

at the junior-senior level on the long-range 

future a woman is likely to have in today's society." 

DR. JUANITA KREPS, an economist, 
continues the teacher-scholar tradition 
of the three women who preceded her 
as dean of the Woman's College. She 
is unique, however, in being the first 
married woman to hold the position; 
she has managed, without crusade or 
cliche, to combine the roles of career 
woman, wife, and mother. 

Her husband, Dr. Clifton H. Kreps, 
Jr., whom she met and married while 
both were working on their doctorates 
at Duke, is Wachovia Professor of 
Banking at the University of North 
Carolina. "He is a man who thinks a 
woman ought to be able to do her own 
thing," Mrs. Kreps said — and, paren- 
thetically, "that's the kind of husband 
to have — one who thinks you can do 
anything. ... He thought this was a 
job I would be good at. More impor- 
tantly, he wanted me to make the de- 
cision without reference to the family's 
welfare. He reasoned that the children 
were pretty much on their own now and 
that he would pursue his interests either 
way. So except for some general coun- 
seling, he took the position that I 
should make up my own mind." 

The three Kreps children accepted 
with good spirits the move from Chapel 
Hill to the Dean's House across main 
street from East Campus. "They are 
very enthusiastic about our new home; 
they like being where a train goes by, 
instead of out in the woods." 

Sarah, the oldest, is a sophomore at 

Carolina. Laura, fifteen, is beginning 
her first year at Northfield School in 
Massachusetts, and Cliff, III, is a stu- 
dent at Durham Academy. 

Although her family accepted Mrs. 
Kreps's decision, some campus ob- 
servers found it difficult to believe that 
she would relinquish a highly success- 
ful teaching career, a possible decline 
in her national reputation as an econ- 
omist, and sacrifice research, writing, 
and professional commitments to be- 
come embroiled in the time-consuming 
chores of running the Woman's Col- 

But Mrs. Kreps denies emphatically 
that she is making any sacrifice. She 
will continue to teach one undergraduate 
course in labor problems, complete her 
latest textbook in this field, and main- 
tain her professional associations. "It is 
absolutely essential that this post of aca- 
demic dean of the Woman's Col- 
lege remains one of scholarly per- 
formance," she said. "I think it is 
important for the students to be in con- 
tact with a woman who is deeply com- 
mitted to her discipline and to writing 
and research in this field." 

The attractive dean, who once taught 
400 women how to manage their fi- 
nances, is a strict manager of her own 
time. She limits herself to two "busy" 
committees off-campus. She will con- 
tinue to serve her four-year term as 
a trustee of the Teachers Insurance and 
Annuity Association and also to hold 

office as vice-president of the Geron- 
tological Society. She feels that this 
outside work is profitable for Duke. "I 
always come back having learned more 
than I have given. With luck, I trans- 
mit some of this to my students. The 
direct relationship is often hard to see, 
and I sympathize with students who 
feel that faculty are always off mind- 
ing everyone else's business." 

Mrs. Kreps accepted the position as 
fourth dean of the Woman's College 
because she believes that "the dean of 
the Woman's College has a chance to 
influence educational policy for women 
not only at Duke but throughout the 
nation. She has this influence because 
the Woman's College brings together 
1400 of the brightest girls in the coun- 
try. These bright gals can influence 
the thinking and the formation of edu- 
cational policy. The dean has so much 
talent to work with, such great student 
potential. Therein lies the joy in tak- 
ing the job." 

Her opinions on women and educa- 
tion are well established, and such 
articles as "The Status of Women — the 
Economic Change," "Sex and the Schol- 
arly Girl," and "Six Cliches in Search 
of a Woman" have appeared in Vital 
Speeches and the AAUP Journal. 

"Duke undergraduate girls work ex- 
tremely hard and have high academic 
aspirations," she said. "What I think 
may be lacking in their education is a 
concentration at the junior-senior level 
on the long-range future a woman is 
likely to have in today's society and 
in particular on the dual role she often 
has to perform. 

"For example, I think it is very likely 
that Duke girls would be astonished to 
know that when they are 65 they will 
have as many years left as they have 
now lived, and that between now and 65 
there are a great many years, only a 
few of which their families and chil- 
dren will fill up. 

"What I would like to do as dean is to 
give some explicit consideration to 
this question of the stages of a woman's 
life and how her undergraduate train- 
ing relates to what she will be doing. 

"The girl often doesn't see beyond 
her first job or marriage, when in 
actual fact the marriage, the child bear- 
ing and caring for children — this enor- 


mously time and energy consuming 
period of her life — is only ten or twelve 
years. At the age of 32, when her two 
or three children are in school and she 
has a very busy husband, she'll find her- 
self looking for something to do. 

"The girls are very clear that they 
want a job, a career, something of their 
own — perhaps community service — but 
they are unable to project their futures 
to the time when their children are in 

"I should like to talk to the girls 
whenever possible about the stages in 
their lives and try to get their minds 
off this immediate right-after-college 

When the women graduates do begin 
a career, Mrs. Kreps feels that they 
will find it an increasingly easier role. 
More than half the women college 
graduates are working now and more 
and more jobs are opening up for 
women. "The composition of the labor 
force has changed rapidly in the last 
two decades," she said. Also, there is 
greater social acceptance of the working 
wife, less of the community censure 
for "leaving the children at home." 

Asked if she thought women were 
discriminated against in jobs, she re- 
plied, "The word discrimination is hard 
to agree to. If you have a man and a 
woman who both go into high school 
teaching, he will likely receive more 
money to teach a given subject than 
she does. Moreover, his chances of 
getting into administration are better. 
If you go all over the professional areas 
and ask employers, 'why don't you 
hire these women for banking jobs or 
executive training programs,' they'll re- 
ply, 'because we don't get to keep them.' 
This seems a reasonable position to 
take. However, employers also ap- 
ply this standard to the 35-year-old 
woman whose husband is committed 
to the community, and they know she'll 
stay. So if that is what we mean by 
discrimination, then I think one can 
find many, many examples." But she 
added that she has tried "to encourage 
girls whom I have counseled not so 
much to think of discrimination, but 
rather to think of what their prepara- 
tion ought to be to make them well 
suited for a particular job. Women 
shouldn't fall into the trap of blaming 

their professional shortcomings on dis- 

However, Dean Kreps is no advo- 
cate of turning out career-minded ro- 
bots. "If girls could take a liberal arts 
major to help them find their own life- 
time sustaining interest in art, music, 
literature, history and then relate it to 
teaching or a job which is marketable — 
that's the ideal. I would like very much 
to keep the girls from trying to tailor 
their liberal arts education to get a 
job — that would be a great waste. The 
fact that women will be in the labor 
force does not necessitate that they 
study different things than they now 
study. It may mean, rather, that they 
have to spend some time after they 
receive a liberal arts education to ac- 
quire a skill for a particular job." 

The staff of the Woman's College 
under Dean Kreps will remain essen- 
tially the same — Mary Grace Wilson, 
dean of women, and Lillian Lee, as- 
sistant dean, and three academic deans. 
Dr. Jane Philpott. Mrs. Virginia Bryan, 
and Annie Leigh Broughton. One new 
member of the staff is Paula Phillips, a 
1967 graduate of the Woman's College, 
who will be an assistant to the new 
dean. A former chairman of the wom- 
an's Judicial Board, Miss Phillips will 
work closely with Dean Kreps on such 
East Campus projects as Internships in 
Community Service and Directions for 
Educated Woman Power. Also, Dean 
Kreps said, "Paula will be a great help 
in interpreting for us the pressing prob- 
lems which women students face." 

"These students," said Dean Kreps, 
"are asking for the same freedoms that 
men have typically had. They want to 
be allowed to come and go at their own 
pace. They don't want to have hours. 
They don't want necessarily to live in 
dorms, although I think the majority 
prefer to do so. Most important of all, 
they want their ideas, their suggestions, 
their words taken at face value — not 
couched as coming from a woman, but 
counted on their own merits. In the in- 
tellectual arena, they want to be treated 
as equals. Of course, this has nothing 
to do with their wanting men to open 
doors for them — this is an entirely dif- 
ferent matter." 

Although Dean Kreps doesn't feel 
that the University has in anyway "held 

back" the co-eds, she has in the past 
experienced a reluctance on the part 
of her female students to be assertive 
in the classroom. "I have had the 
feeling that the girls weren't really 
opening up. I don't know whether that 
was because they didn't want to be over- 
ly aggressive — which suggested some- 
thing that they thought was unpleasant. 
or whether they had been trained to 
take a modest and feminine position, 
which they interpreted to be a quiet 
one. I know they have ideas, and now, 
of course, they are more vocal than 
they were a decade ago." 

Dean Kreps does not anticipate any 
major or immediate changes in the 
overall position of the Woman's College 
within the University. This is a ques- 
tion she raised when she was ap- 
proached about taking the job. "I 
asked if there was some feeling that 
the co-ordinate colleges were not neces- 
sary or that the Woman's College was 
being gradually absorbed in terms of 
undergraduate instruction. I have got- 
ten from the University no affirmative 
answer to this. No one in the Univer- 
sity seems to think that the Woman's 
College is going to be phased out. 
But quite the contrary — that the Wom- 
an's College serves a very important 
function. In fact, in this era there is 
more of a tendency toward the smaller 
administrative units, smaller educational 
units, than toward the conglomerate. So 
it would strike me as strange if Trinity 
or the Woman's College became less im- 
portant to the undergraduate students." 

She realizes, though, that "certain 
things are happening that obviously 
merge the two undergraduate colleges, 
and these are absolutely essential 
changes. The women want to spend 
more time on West. They may want to 
have a woman's dorm on West and 
a men's dorm on East, or something 
of this sort. The Residential Life 
Committee's recommendations may 
change the geography of the two cam- 
puses. All of this, I think, is in tune 
with the times and the girls feel these 
changes are important. However, 
that does not reduce the need for 
having an administrative subdivision 
within the undergraduate student body. 
It may not continue to follow the pat- 
tern of the traditional Woman's Col- 
lege. But changes will be gradual ones." 


"We can't just pass the buck up the line." 

GEORGE PEARSALL is as flexible 
and contemporary as his field of ma- 
terials science — he is a prototype of the 
engineer who does not confine himself 
to solving traditional problems with a 
slide rule, but one who seeks out prob- 
lems before they occur and relates en- 
gineering to other disciplines — zoology, 
business administration, even art. He 
also manages to maintain interests in 
fields he once considered as possible 
vocations — commercial art and veter- 
inary medicine. 

A graduate of Rensselear Polytechnic 
Institute, a research engineer for Dow 
Chemical Company, the thirty-six-year- 
old Pearsall received his doctorate from 
MIT, where he taught for four years 
before coming to Duke. He has co- 
authored one text book in the field of 
materials science (the properties solid 
materials have in terms of their atomic 
structure), is working on a second, and 
his research interests include super- 
conductivity and its relation to micro- 
structure, deformation processina and 
the role of friction and lubrication, and 
ultrasonics and its applications in ma- 
terials processing. 

In his office a week before the open- 
ing of school, Dr. Pearsall was con- 
tagiously enthusiastic about being "act- 
ing dean" of the School of Eneineering 
until a permanent man can be found 
to replace Dr. James L. Meriam. who 
resigned last year. He stressed that he 
considered himself a very temporary 
dean while a search committee ex- 
amines permanent candidates, and he 
explained his selection in modest terms. 
"It was decided it didn't make good 
sense to pull a department chairman out 
of his job and make him dean. We have 
good chairmen with good departments — 
Dr. Vesic, Dr. Owen, and Dr. Chad- 

He has definite ideas about what an 

administrator should be, but admitted 
that "all my ideas may change once 
school gets underway." As acting dean 
of the Engineering School, Dr. Pear- 
sall will report directly to Dr. Harold 
Lewis, vice provost and dean of the 
faculty. "This is a little confusing 
from an organizational viewpoint," Dr. 
Pearsall said. "In the arts and sciences, 
the department chairmen report to Dean 
Lewis. I think some people would like 
to see us do away with the office of 
dean and have the engineering depart- 
ments treated exactly like separate sci- 
ences." But he does not advocate this. 

"The way engineering and technology 
in our society are now developing," he 
said, "you begin to wonder if these 
classical divisions are the right way to 
divide engineering. As long as we have 
a School of Engineering with a dean, 
we can at least make these boundaries 
more or less transparent. For exam- 
ple, students can now take interdis- 
ciplinary programs in oceanographic 
engineering — this would be difficult 
without a school with a dean." 

With students, Dr. Pearsall hopes as 
acting dean to maintain the same open- 
door policy he had as a teacher. "The 
only time that door is going to be closed 
is when I'm in conference," he said. 
He also will receive special help with 
student problems from Dr. Edward 
Kraybill, associate dean for undergrad- 
uate study, "who fields and takes care 
of many student concerns." 

Some aspects of being a dean would 
make Dr. Pearsall leery of accepting 
such an appointment on a permanent 
basis. He feels it is clear that the 
School must take an active role in fund 
raising — "much as the Medical School 
has done." Although he cannot see 
himself in the position of fund raiser, 
he strongly feels it is a fact which must 
be accepted eventually. "One of the 

reasons engineers talk of going into 
academic work is because of the free- 
dom. We do have more freedom than 
if we worked in industry, but we must 
accept the fact that we have a lot more 
responsibility resting on our shoulders. 
We can't just pass the buck up the line 
like in a company. No engineer in a 
company thinks it's his responsibility 
to go out and raise money. We haven't 
recognized this yet, but we are going 
to have to." 

But Dr. Pearsall is anticipating with 
good spirit many of the realities of his 
acting deanship. "There are some 
things coming up this year that I think 
are going to be fun to deal with al- 
though they are going to take a lot of 
time. We are still in the throes of 
changing our curriculum — to go along 
with what Trinity and the Woman's 
College have done. This is a lot more 
difficult for engineering to do," he said, 
"because we have an obligation to our 
students to have taught them a certain 
number and kind of things in four 
years. The liberal arts curriculum 
doesn't really have this obligation. The 
obligation there is more to 'expose' 
the students than to 'build' the students 
to see themselves in the future." 

The number of courses for engi- 
neering students will be reduced from 
the typical five or six per semester to 
four for the entering freshman class. 
One job to tackle will be to plan a 
"compromise" reduced course load for 
those students who entered under the 
old requirements. Dr. Pearsall thinks 
this can be done by "taking a good 
hard look at the courses we are teaching 
and combining related material . . . 
which until perhaps ten years ago might 
have been taught in three separate 

With the new curriculum Dr. Pear- 
sall hopes that the School will em- 


■*<jjj I v 

Dr. Pearsall 

phasize the student's responsibility to 
put together his own curriculum to 
satisfy his personal objectives, to begin 
specializing earlier, and to work with 
departments outside engineering. He 
also feels that the School will be able 
to attract students from Trinity and the 
Woman's College — instead of losing 
them. (Out of a freshman class of 
some 140 only 90 are expected to re- 
ceive a degree in engineering.) 

"In the past," he said, "the fresh- 
man year was completely filled with re- 
quired courses. Anyone trying to trans- 
fer into the School had an almost un- 
bearable work load to make up. Now 
we have three or four freshman elec- 
tives and these will be open to all 
students. There will be an opportunity 
for non-engineering undergraduates to 
try introductory engineering. Maybe 
next year we will find more students 
switching to engineering — it will be in- 
teresting to see what happens." 

But Dr. Pearsall also wants engi- 
neers to integrate the philosophy, his- 
tory, sociology, and art of a liberal 
arts education with their technical 
skills — to become creative engineers. 

A second problem facing the School 
is overcrowding. "We are terribly 
cramped," said Dr. Pearsall. "This 

building was built shortly after World 
War II. It houses 400-450 undergrad- 
uates. In the 50's the master's pro- 
gram was instituted, and the first 
Ph.D.'s in the early 60's. We now have 
ninety graduate students and almost all 
their time is spent in this building, and 
they require additional space for their 
research and equipment." 

Plans were almost complete for a 
new three-story engineering building 
to house 500 undergraduates and 170 
graduate students, when in December. 
1967, former Dean Meriam "was in- 
formed that funds were not in sight 
for the construction." The building, 
upon which many in the School had 
placed great hopes and enormous time. 
was to have been the first structure 
built between the East and West cam- 
puses as a part of the capital expansion 
of the Fifth Decade Program. "We 
accept things as they are," Pearsall 
said, "and hope now we can either con- 
struct a structure behind this buildin" 


or at least make some additions." 

Dr. Pearsall's philosophical accep- 
tance of overcrowded conditions is at 
least in part a result of his extreme 
satisfaction with the other aspects of 
the School — particularly the students. 
"My wife and I found that Duke stu- 
dents are much more interesting, on 
the average, than those we met at MIT. 
The average MIT student is so busy 
getting through his curriculum and it 
demands so much from him that he 
doesn't have time for reflection. He 
probably stops reading, except for an 
occasional newspaper, and catches the 
news on T.V. He doesn't really keep 
up with what is happening in the world. 
When we came to Duke we found we 
could pick a group of students, almost 
at random, invite them over to the 
house and have delightful conversation 
on everything from rural politics and 
law to baseball and science. Duke stu- 
dents are much more interesting peo- 

"This summer," he said, "vacation- 
ing parents and their high school age 
children would come by to see the 
School. I have been surprised at a 
number of these students who have 
asked questions about engineering and 
its relation to the rest of the University, 
saying they are looking for a place 
to study engineering without sacrificing 

the liberal arts part of an educa- 
tion. ... Its like hearing your words 
come back to you." And the School 
within the University is a major reason 
that the young dean finds Duke such 
an ideal place. He has visions of limit- 
less opportunities for interdepartmental 

One mechanical engineer is attract- 
ing professors from engineering, busi- 
ness administration, economics, and sev- 
eral other departments to work on a 
joint project in high speed transporta- 
tion. "In the past this has been totally 
out of character for the School of En- 
gineering," Dr. Pearsall said. Other 
areas where chances for profitable co- 
operation exist, according to the acting 
dean, are in bio-medical engineering, 
physics, and zoology, where Pearsall 
himself is investigating with a zoology 
professor the reasons biological struc- 
tures have the properties they do. 
"We've been looking at a clam shell 
trying to figure out that if you were 
playing God and designed a house for 
a clam — would it be a clam shell." 
Another area where he sees potential 
for co-operation is between engineering 
and the newly organized School of 
Business Administration. 

But the overriding concern of the 
brief Pearsall tenure as acting dean will 
be to help the school develop very spe- 
cial engineering graduates. "We al- 
ways run the risk of turning out prob- 
lem solvers in engineering," he said. 
"The really important thing now in our 
society is that we turn out problem 
formulators. We want to graduate stu- 
dents who can look at society and say 
"here is the problem we ought to be 
working with.' For example, the whole 
urban redevelopment situation. In the 
past, civil engineers would do something 
very good that someone else told them 
to do — go out and clear the swamps and 
build airports. Quite often engineers 
migrated into positions of responsibility 
where the problems were formulated. 
But just as often it was the politicians — 
particularly lawyers who don't have an 
understanding of the technical prob- 
lems involved. As technology becomes 
more and more complex, then it be- 
comes more and more crucial that the 
guy who formulates the problems has 
an understanding of the complexity of 
the problem." 


"Administrative posts are hard to 
and this is true at any school." 

lieves that the School of Nursing of- 
fers its students three major opportuni- 
ties for the development of professional 
and individual goals: a new, radically 
revised nursing curriculum, the "maxi- 
mum opportunity to assume the con- 
duct of their personal and social lives 
as individuals and as a group." and in- 
creasing participation in the activities 
of the total University community. 

The new curriculum, instituted last 
fall (1968) with the freshman class, is 
the most important in terms of its 
broadening professional and academic 
horizons. The first two years of study 
are focused on the humanities, science, 
and other non-nursing studies, in gen- 
eral conforming with the curriculum 
for other undergraduates. Required 
courses are limited to statistics and a 
two-semester integrated science course 
based on the "concepts fundamental to 
understanding the life of man and 
his health." Only a single two-semes- 
ter natural science course in the first 
Year is required, the same taken by 
other students. In the last two years the 
nurses will concentrate upon profes- 
sional preparation for practice. 

"Curriculums in nursing schools 
have been loaded with natural science, 
which has not only excluded the be- 
havioral sciences, but has absolutely 
excluded languages and the humani- 
ties," Dean Brown said. The new cur- 
riculum, she feels, will give nurses the 
freedom to focus on courses which in- 
terest them as individuals. It also will 
give better preparation to the student 
who wishes to earn a second bac- 
calaureate degree or intends to pursue 
a master's or doctorate degree in a re- 
lated nursing field. 

"One of the biggest changes with the 
new curriculum — and it's going to be 
painful and fun for everybody — is the 
extent to which we hope to challenge 
our very able students to independent 
and self-directed learning," said Dean 
Brown. "If we do this successfully, I 

would anticipate a much larger portion 
of our students will go on to graduate 
school than in the past." 

The Master's of Science in Nursing, 
accepted this year in the Graduate 
School, will be a prototype to en- 
courage undergraduates to further 
study, said Dean Brown. She also an- 
ticipates that a doctorate in nursing 
will soon be offered by the University. 
The Ph.D. program will materialize, 
she believes, because of increasing re- 
search among the School's forty fac- 
ulty members. 

Dean Brown could list her own re- 
search in pediatric and geriatric nurs- 
ing among that of her faculty. She 
received her doctorate from New York 
University with a thesis which explored 
the "use of maternal health services by 
Puerto-Rican-born women in New 
York City as it relates to general ac- 
culturation." In addition to her nurs- 
ing degree, she also holds a B.A. in 
sociology, B.S. in nursing education. 
M.S. in public health, and has done field 
study in public health nursing and 
child care with Dr. Benjamin Spock as 
one of her teachers. Before coming to 
Duke in 1967. she had contributed her 
time and talents to teaching, research, 
pediatric, and geriatric nursing in Mon- 
tana, Michigan, Maryland, New York, 
and even in India as a member of a 
World Health Organization team study- 
ing maternal and child health. 

The research she was about to begin 
before becoming dean is still a fa- 
vorite topic; studying various educa- 
tional methods of changing nursing 
student attitudes, particularly toward 
older people, through the study of the 
humanities. "We have been so enun- 
dated with the sciences, that we in 
nursing have forgotten there are other 
ways of accruing knowledge, and that 
traditionally the humanities has been 
the most natural way for learning cer- 
tain things that are true and valid." 

One of the teaching experiments she 
had anticipated was using the arts to 

change attitudes. "You have such mar- 
velous portraits, films, drama, and all 
kinds of literature which portray the 
aging process both sympathetically and 
otherwise. Shakespeare does a mar- 
velous job with his older characters. 
Your heart bleeds for King Lear, even 
though he is a raving maniac." 

But the School of nursing is con- 
cerned with more than producing pro- 
fessional nurses. Dean Brown hopes 
that the women will receive informal 
preparation for the roles of wife and 
mother. "I would be most remiss if I 
did not indicate we really are most help- 
ful in supporting our students to reach 
their objective of marriage and the de- 
velopment of a home and family. We 
really expose our students maximally 
to men on West campus," she smiled. 

She gives high praise to her prede- 
cessor. Dean Ann Jacobansky, for 
"opening the University's doors" to 
nursing students. "She made it pos- 
sible for nurses to be members of 
sororities. She strove to get our fresh- 
men and sophomores to live on East 
Campus, and plans now call for this 
move when dormitory space is avail- 

"We have tried to give students max- 
imum responsibility for student affairs 
and their social regulations," said Dean 
Brown. "The Judicial Board. Honor 
Council, Nursing Student Government, 
and class and school officers carry the 
responsibility for guiding their own 
group." And the dean is pleased not 
only with the manner in which the stu- 
dents govern their own lives but also 
with their participation on faculty com- 
mittees. Nursing students are active 
members of all committees, from cur- 
riculum to health, with the exception 
of those which handle personal student 

Most nursing students have only 
praise for Dean Brown and their life 
in Hanes House. Dean Brown at- 
tributes the latter compliment to the 
fact that "these are the students who 


already know what they are going to 
do. Especially by the time they begin 
to work with patients their own self- 
image and sense of fulfillment is already 
being accomplished because of the sat- 
isfaction they have in working with 
and giving to somebody else." 

Dean Brown likes to tell the story of 
the verbal exchange between one of the 
more activist students from West Cam- 
pus and a nurse during the Vigil. The 
boy queried the nurse: "Where were 
you the night Martin Luther King was 
assassinated? Were you at the Presi- 
dent's house, supporting the black, the 
denied, the underprivileged?" 

"No, I was on the ward giving care 
to the deprived, the neglected, and the 
pained," the girl answered. 

"She came back just as melodra- 
matically as he had," Dean Brown said, 
"but she spoke enough of the truth 
to demonstrate that she knew that 
what she was doing was valuable." 

Dean Brown also thinks that the size 
of the Nursing School, from 285 to 
300 students, is a satisfactory residential 
unit which contributes to the life of 
the students. "It doesn't have the 
smallness of a single house, but it's 
small enough so that everybody knows 
everybody else." She credits the dean 
of student affairs, Miss Ella Jean Shore, 
with "extremely good handling of stu- 
dent affairs — housing, student health, 
counseling, and social regulations." 

Others on the administrative staff 
of the School include Dr. Virginia 
Stone, director of graduate studies, three 
house counselors, a part-time physician 
and two nurses, a registrar, an admin- 
istrative assistant, and a librarian. Dean 
Brown is performing the duties of di- 
rector of undergraduate studies until a 
permanent staff member can be hired. 

The dean's job necessarily carries her 
outside of Hanes House, since she must 
provide close co-ordination between the 
Nursing School's programs and the 
Graduate School, undergraduate col- 
leges, and the Medical Center. She 

serves as a member of the advisory 
committee to Dr. William Anlyan, Vice 
Provost for Health Affairs, and on the 
hospital advisory committee. 

"Perhaps the most time-consuming 
job I have had in the last few years," 
said Dean Brown, "is trying to work 
with the hospital and Medical Center 
in co-ordinating nursing services and 
nursing practices." The whole area of 
nursing services, both internally and as 
it relates to the hospital and the School 
of Nursing, is now under study by two 
committees — one in the Medical Cen- 
ter, the other within the School. 

But Dean Brown has not settled down 
forever in administration. ""I have been 
in teaching and research, and I find that 
administration places so many de- 
mands on one that one has no time — 
no private or personal life, and further- 
more one does not have time for aca- 
demic or scholarly work. It makes me 
ill that all my research is still packed in 
boxes. And I haven't been able to 
teach a course since I came here, al- 
though I've tried repeatedly. But with 

the time I have to spend traveling and 
with professional commitments, I find 
myself turning it over to someone else." 

How was she lured to Duke? 

"I came to Duke to deliver a paper 
on nursing attitudes and behavior with 
older patients, based on my research at 
the University of Missouri. When I 
got here my schedule was changed, and 
I found myself seeing vice provosts and 
deans." And although Miss Brown 
"had no intention of moving from Mis- 
souri." where she was about to begin 
a five-year research project, she came. 

"After I had been here awhile," she 
recalled, "I realized the tradition, the 
history, the contribution of this school, 
and I saw the very excellent quality of 
the students. And I knew there was a 
very severe problem of finding people 
who would be deans. Administrative 
posts are very hard to fill, and this is 
true at any school. I think I was chal- 
lenged by the opportunities and the 
needs here. I thought this was some- 
thing I could contribute myself to for 
a period of time." 


The author continues to separate fact from fancy in the concluding part 
of her history of the Duke family. In the September issue of the Register, 
she traced the journey of the family "from an English manor in Suffolk 
to the frontiers of early Virginia" — and to the time the family of William 
Duke moved from Virginia into North Carolina. Now she chronicles 
the North Carolina history of the family. Opposite, left to right: Wash- 
ington Duke (1820-1905), Mary Duke Lyon (1853-1893), Benjamin 
Newton Duke (1855-1927), James Buchanan Duke (1856-1925), and 
Brodie Duke (1846-1919). 


A Goodly Heritage: The Dukes of Orange County 

FROM the evidence in the Colonial 
Records, the home of the Duke family 
in North Carolina before 1760 is in- 
dicated as the section around the town 
of Warrenton in what was then Gran- 
ville County. This became Warren 
County in 1779, a branch of the Duke 
family continuing to live there until the 

William Duke, Jr., became a prosper- 
ous planter with Negro slaves. He is 
said to have built a house on his planta- 
tion near Warrenton modeled on "West- 
over," the home of his kinsman. Colonel 
William Byrd, on the James River. 

His brother, Joseph Duke, had four 
sons who enlisted in the 10th North 
Carolina Regiment of the Continental 
Line during the American Revolution. 
One son, Sherod, died in 1781 in this 
service; two other sons, William and 
Hardiman, returned safely to Warren 
County. They were granted pensions 
in 1835 for this military service. 

One of the youngest brothers of the 
family, John Duke (1730— ca. 1797), 
left Warren County about 1764. In the 
Court House at Hillsborough, North 
Carolina, are land records of Orange 
County dating from its formation from 
Granville in 1752. The first appear- 
ance of young John Duke in these deed 
registrations came in August, 1766, when 
he is noted as having purchased 100 

acres of land from Thomas Dove on 
May 8, 1765. It is interesting that he 
signed his own deed, not making the 
mark which was so often used for a 
signature in colonial records. Also, it 
seems evident that he married in Gran- 
ville County, before he came to Orange 

On July 7, 1779, John Duke bought 
from James Sutton 100 acres on both 
sides of the Flat River, next to the land 
of James Vaughan. This purchase lo- 
cated what became his home for many 
years. Today it is the tract of land 
along the western bank of upper Lake 
Michie, the water supply for the city 
of Durham. 

Another brother of John, Robert 
Duke, is reported to have come into 
Orange County about 1763. Little trace 
is found of his family. In an old land 
deed book dated 1823, now in Hills- 
borough, William Duke, "the son of 
Robert," is recorded as the husband of 
Peggy Carey and, as such, heir to a 
portion of the lands of her father, 
Samuel Carey. This Robert Duke is 
the son of John Duke. No attempt has 
been made to distinguish between 
Robert, the brother of John Duke, and 
Robert, his son, as their records are 
few and confused. 

Between 1766 and the opening of the 
Revolutionary War in 1776, the land 

records of Orange County in the Court 
House at Hillsborough were disturbed 
or halted by the outbreak of a minor 
rebellion by the Regulators over land 
titles and taxes. In addition there are 
no Orange County Court Minutes, 1766- 
1777; and Lord Granville closed the 
county land office from 1766 until 1773. 
Hence no Duke legal records have been 
found between 1766 and 1777 in 
Orange County. 

The question of service in the Revo- 
lutionary War by John Duke is a prob- 
lem. His grandson, Washington Duke, 
wrote in 1896 that he knew his grand- 
father only as "Major" Duke. Wash- 
ington Duke was born nearly twenty- 
five years after the death of his grand- 
father and was seventy-six years of age 
when he made this statement. He did 
not know if the title of "Major" was 
earned by John Duke or honorary. It 
has been concluded on the basis of this 
memoir of Washington Duke that "Cap- 
tain and Major Henry Duke" of the 
Georgia Continental Line was his grand- 
father. The records of the Dukes in 
Georgia during the Revolution scarcely 
apply to the family on the Flat River in 
Orange County, North Carolina. John 
Duke was forty-six years old when the 
war began. If he earned the title of 
major, it must have been in the North 
Carolina militia. No record of such 


By Virginia Gray 
Assistant Curator, 
Perkins Library 

Manuscript Department 

service has been found. Taylor Duke, 
one of the younger sons of John Duke 
and father of Washington Duke, was 
born in 1770. As a child he could 
scarcely have been involved in any mili- 
tary service. Thus the immediate fore- 
bears of Washington Duke, because of 
the accident of their birthdays, prob- 
ably did not participate in the Revolu- 
tion. Certainly they did not go to 
Georgia to do so. 

In 1777 the tax district of St. Mary, 
composed of the northeastern corner 
of Orange County, was created. From 
this time the family of John Duke ap- 
pears as a group in the tax lists and 
court minutes. How much land John 
Duke held is uncertain. An undated 
tax list, ca. the mid 1790's, credits him 
with 640 acres and one "black poll," a 
Negro slave. With him in this enu- 
meration are his sons William (1754- 
1842), who is listed with two slaves, 
Hardiman (d. 1839), Robert, and Tyre 
(ca. 1772-1860), all with 100 to 200 
acres. This 640 acre tract is the largest 
amount of land assigned to John Duke 
from 1781 until 1796. It would seem 
that he gave each son 100 acres to 
begin his career, probably when the 
young man was married. The tax lists 
after 1784 gradually increase name by 
name until finally the last son, Taylor 
Duke (1770-1847), appears on the ros- 

ter in 1797. John Duke was last en- 
tered in the Orange County tax lists in 

1796, while the names of his sons con- 
tinued among those taxed for land for 
many years. When Taylor Duke, still 
unmarried, was first taxed for land in 

1797, it is probable that he had in- 
herited such property from his father. 
John Duke. The only assumption one 
can make is that John Duke, born about 
1730 in Brunswick County, Virginia, 
died on the Flat River in Orange 
County, North Carolina, about 1797. 
Any reference after that date probably 
pertains to his grandson John (ca. 1790- 
1879), son of William (1754-1842), 
or to a member of the family of his 
brother, Robert Duke. 

It has been stated that the Dukes of 
Orange County were not listed in the 
U. S. Census for 1790 because they 
were in Georgia claiming bounty lands 
for war service. They indeed are not 
listed in any existing records of the U.S. 
census for 1790, but this is because the 
returns for Orange County in that year 
have been lost. Only a partial tax list 
for 1790 has survived and is published 
by the United States in the place of the 
missing records. The family of John 
Duke was on the Flat River in 1790. 

Of all the sons of John Duke, Wil- 
liam the eldest was the most prosper- 
ous. He was born in 1754 and married 

Mary Carrington in 1783. Through 
her he inherited land near the Person 
County line from her father, John Car- 
rington, the largest land owner in St. 
Mary's District. William Duke is de- 
scribed as a "rich old man" living on 
his plantation with his son William, Jr., 
near Red Hill, Orange County, and 
holding Negro slaves. 

The Duke neighbors on the Flat 
River near Round Hill (now Bahama) 
were the Carringtons, the Sims, the 
Harrises, the Mangums, the Lyons, the 
Laws, the Careys, the Vaughans, the 
Williamses, and the Hortons, among 
others. Of these the Harris family had 
large land holdings. Nathaniel Harris 
gave the site for Mt. Bethel Church, 
near the farm of John Duke. By this 
time the Dukes had left the Church of 
England and were members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, a transi- 
tion which must have occurred after 
they came into Orange County in 1764. 
Tradition has it that young Washing- 
ton Duke, the grandson of John Duke, 
attended Mt. Bethel and knew the 
Methodist circuit riders who came there. 

St. Mary's District was one of the 
most prosperous and populous sections 
of Orange County. Land along the 
Flat River produced abundant crops of 
corn, wheat, and oats. At the end of 


the eighteenth century six mills were 
operating on the river. The soil was 
excellent for the growing of tobacco, a 
crop which was to increase in impor- 
tance in the nineteenth century. The 
Dukes had thus followed the opening 
of new lands, when the fertility of the 
soil of older farms became exhausted 
by the growing of tobacco. 

John Spencer Bassett wrote in 1905 
that no one was very wealthy, but no 
one was very poor along the Flat River. 
As roads developed, the farmers, who 
once sent their produce north to Peters- 
burg, turned south to Fayetteville. 

The Orange County Court Records, 
1795-1800, contain a significant order 
issued in 1799. The Duke sons. Tyre, 
Taylor, Hardiman, and Robert Duke, 
in a succession of land owners' names, 
were ordered to maintain a certain road 
in Orange County between the Rocky 
Branch of the Flat River southward to 
Bennehan's (the present Fairntosh Plan- 
tation). John Duke is not named, nor 
is William Duke, the oldest son who 
was living farther up the Flat River at 
Red Hill by that time. 

Taylor Duke, one of the younger sons 
of John Duke, who himself was a 
younger son of William Duke, married 
Dicey Jones of Orange County on Au- 
gust 14. 1801. Their oldest son, Wil- 
liam James Duke, was born on July 18. 
1803. and their eldest daughter, Mary. 
on August 5. 1805. By that date Tay- 
lor Duke was living on the Little River 
on land known as the Prosser Tract, 
the former farm of Zachariah Prosser. 
The Dukes had again edged southward. 
A neighbor, John Cain, was sued by 
Taylor Duke for a debt of "30 pounds" 
for services which indicate that Taylor 
had some skill as a metal worker and a 
blacksmith. The farmers of Upper 
Orange County lived a rather self-reliant 
life, often combining the practice of 
various crafts with farming to bring 
additional income to the family. The 
life of the Dukes followed the normal 
pattern of the community: they joined 
the militia, served on juries, helped 
maintain roads, and acted as patrollers. 
While they looked to Hillsborough for 
their legal business, they went to Fay- 
etteville to conduct their mercantile 
business and to buy what few necessi- 
ties they could not find in the country 
stores. The U. S. Mail came from 
Lou : sburg. 

The North Carolina into which Wash- 
ington Duke was born on his father's 
farm on December 18, 1820, was in 
deep economic distress, with few roads, 
schools, doctors, and other luxuries of 
life. The panic of 1819 deepened the 
distress caused by falling land and crop 
prices. During the early years of the 
nineteenth century thousands of young 
people moved westward from North 
Carolina. The financial difficulties of 
Taylor Duke began shortly before 1823 
and were a deflection of the worsening 
economic conditions of the farmers of 
the state, plagued by drought, insects, 
and scarcity of money. 

The strong family ties and friendships 
of the Dukes became evident in this 
crisis in the actions of Taylor Duke. 
His financial difficulties had necessi- 
tated the borrowing of money, the note 
for which was signed by a friend, Wil- 
liam Horner. On November 1, 1823, 
Taylor Duke, unable to pay off this 
note, pledged his land on the Little 
River, the 150-acre tract on which his 
home was located, to secure this debt 
because "Duke wants to save harmless 
sd. Horner." In 1824 he pledged his 
personal property and crops of oats, 
corn, and tobacco to pay the indebted- 
ness; and again in 1825 he used his 
home on the former Prosser Tract as 
security for this loan. As early as 1824 
William James Duke, the oldest son, 
was involved with Taylor Duke in busi- 
ness transactions. At that time the 
family owned one mare and two colts, 
two cows and calves, two heifers, eleven 
sheep, and twenty-five hogs. 

These must have been difficult years 
for Taylor Duke, when family fortunes 
reached a low point in the family his- 
tory. After the birth of his oldest son. 
his family increased by four daughters, 
so that it was not until 1812 that an- 
other son was born. Then in 1818 
came John Taylor Duke and in 1820 
Washington Duke. The two young 
brothers were "bound out" by their 
father, not to an outsider, but to their 
older brother William James Duke until 
they were eighteen years of age. New 
lands were no longer available in large 
amounts nearby as they had been in 
earlier times when whole families of 
Dukes moved together onto new tracts. 
About 1835 Kirkland Duke, the second 
son in the family, went to Palatka, 
Florida, taking his younger brother. Dr. 

Brodie Duke (1823-1847), with him. 
When Taylor Duke died in 1847 he left 
his wife, Dicey, in the care of his oldest 
son, William James. No will seems to 
have been filed for Taylor Duke. 

Washington Duke told Professor John 
Spencer Bassett that he had had to make 
his own way with the aid of very little 
formal schooling. His early life re- 
flected conditions which faced many 
young North Carolinians at that time. 
Education at the plough handles led 
him to farming as an occupation. For 
four years he rented land. On August 8, 
1842. Washington Duke married Mary 
Caroline Clinton, the eldest child of 
Rachel and Jessie Clinton, who lived 
on Ellerbee Creek, a branch of the Eno 
River just north of what became Dur- 
ham's Station. 

Just when Washington Duke moved 
southward from the Little River to the 
valley of the Eno is uncertain. Family 
tradition states he started for Tennessee 
in 1847 with his brother, John Taylor, 
but turned back at Greensboro. Prob- 
ably this episode occurred about the 
time of the death of Taylor Duke in 
1847. Jesse Clinton also died in 1847, 
leaving at least 287 acres of land and 
Negroes. This inheritance was divided 
between his widow and children, the 
slaves being sold by Washington Duke 
at the order of the county court. Wash- 
ington and Mary Duke received both 
land and cash in this estate settlement. 
On October 1, 1847. Washington Duke 
bought for $300 an add'tiona'. t _ act of 
land on Ellerbee Creek from Rachel 
Clinton. Clinton land thus became the 
basis for what was to become the Duke 
Homestead. Though he lived on Eller- 
bee Creek before 1847, that is the first 
recorded legal date there for Washington 
Duke. Twice again before the Civil 
War he bought more land to add to his 
farm. His neighbors included James 
Stagg, who had married Mary Duke on 
December 16, 1826. 

Meanwhile. William James Duke was 
living on the Eno River, a few miles 
from Washington Duke. It is probable 
that he settled about four miles north 
of Durham some time after his mar- 
riage in 1826 to Sarah Roberts. Thus 
he moved southward before his brother 
Washington. In the 1830's he began 
an arbor church near his home. This 
type of camp meeting was held under 
a canopy of tree boughs spread on a 


The first Duke factory for the manufacture of Tobacco, built on the Duke Home- 
stead in the late 1860's. This photograph probably was taken about the year 1885. 

framework of rough poles; but it soon 
was replaced by a log structure with a 
large open fireplace. The congregation 
was named Hebron. William James 
Duke aided the circuit rider. Uncle 
Gray (Alson Gray), in conducting the 
services which Washington Duke and 
his children attended. Methodist con- 
ferences and meetings were popular with 
the Dukes. Evidently this Methodist 
group called each other brother and 
sister, as well as uncle, with the result 
that relationships were at times con- 
fused in later years by outsiders trying 
to recall family members. 

Shortly after the settlement of the 
estate of Jesse Clinton in November. 
1847, Mary (Clinton) Duke died, leav- 
ing two small sons, Sidney and Brodie. 
The home on Ellerbee Creek continued 
to function. In 1850 Rhoda Rhodes, 
aged fifty-one years, was employed as 
housekeeper. Robert Duke, the young- 
est brother of Washington, came to live 
with the family. 

About the time Washington Duke 
married Artelia Roney, on December 9, 
1852. he erected a new house on his 
farm with the aid of a local carpenter 
named Laycock. This man also assisted 
in the building of his first tobacco fac- 
tory on this farm. Three children. 
Mary, Benjamin Newton, and James 
Buchanan Duke were born before Ar- 
telia (Roney) Duke died on August 20, 

The Duke family, with close feelings 
of kinship, helped each other in these 
"lean years." Older brothers and sisters 
looked after younger ones: John Taylor 
Duke and his family in Milan, Tennes- 
see, kept their ties with North Carolina 
relatives; Uncle Billy, as William James 
Duke was called, had a large family; 
and Malinda Duke, who never married. 

lived with her sister, Amelia (Duke) 
Riggs, with brother Robert, and finally, 
with Washington Duke. Into the twen- 
tieth century relatives were welcomed at 
"Fairview," the home of Washington 
Duke in Durham. 

At one time William James Duke 
conducted a mercantile business on his 
farm on the old Oxford Highway. 
Ledgers and account books kept by him 
were remembered by his grandchildren. 
When he died in 1883. his son-in-law. 
James E. Lyon, who married Fannie 
Duke (1852-1921). attended the sale 
of personal property. James Lyon 
bought the worn family Bible in which 
were recorded the names of the children 
of Taylor and Dicey (Jones) Duke. He 
was under the impression that the Bible 
had belonged to Taylor Duke. So frag- 
ile was the volume that Mrs. Lyon took 
out the loose pages of family records 
and placed them in a new Bible. These 
pages were to be very important in 
1927 in the settlement of the estate of 
James Buchanan Duke, when it was 
essential to determine the children of 
Taylor Duke. 

Looking back to his childhood. Ben- 
jamin Newton Duke recalled that his 
father was "opposed to slavery" and a 
"Union man." Evidently Washington 
Duke did hire one Negro for work on 
his farm, which had increased to 300 
acres before he was drafted into the 
Confederate service in April, 1864. 
Like his ancestors in Virginia and North 
Carolina, he was planting tobacco and 
he stored a small amount of it in his 
barn when he left for Camp Holmes in 
Raleigh to enter the Confederate Army. 

His early life, with its hard work, its 
thrift, and its integrity, had left Wash- 
ington Duke with an appreciation of 
industry and frugality which he never 

forgot. He returned to his farm in 
May, 1865, with a silver fifty-cent piece, 
ready to begin again on his land. Wil- 
liam Whitehead Fuller remembered on 
August 3. 1927, that Mr. Duke was 
"close" with his money, never parting 
w'th it easily. He disliked ostentation 
and kept no "liveried coachman" and 
handsome carriage with black horses, 
as the local report went. His experi- 
ence in life had taught him wisdom. 

W£th young Mary Duke to act as 
housekeeper and his sons to help him, 
he set to work in 1865 to mend his for- 
tunes. Many years later Benjamin 
Newton Duke spoke of these years 
when his father displayed "rather more 
forethought than the ordinary citizen 
of the community." He soon found 
that he could buy tobacco for six cents 
a pound from his neighbors, manufac- 
ture it, and sell the product for sixty 
cents a pound. Mr. Duke gave up 
farming. His first log factory was a 
building sixteen by eighteen feet. By 
the time Brodie, the oldest son, moved 
to Durham in 1869, other buildings 
were in operation on the farm. Wash- 
ington Duke moved his factory to Dur- 
ham in 1873. just nine years after he 
had returned from the Civil War. The 
tide of fortune had turned from ebb to 

With the removal of the Washington 
Duke family to Durham, their story 
entered a new and far wider locale. 
England. Virginia, and North Carolina 
were the background for this last and 
modern period of their history, but the 
qualities of integrity, hard work, family 
loyalty, and friendship for the people 
who had aided them continued into the 
twentieth century. Projected into the 
future were expressions of appreciation 
by Washington Duke and his sons for 
the work of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, for the value of education, and 
for their home state. North Carolina. 
When James Buchanan Duke founded 
his endowment and named a memorial 
university for his father, he had been 
preceded in family philanthropy in 
1732. Sir Edward Duke, the last of the 
Dukes of Brampton and Benhall Lodge, 
left £1,000 in his will to establish a 
school to teach the poor children of 
Beccles to read and write. Continuity 
in family history is a valued heritage 
which has characterized the Dukes from 
ancient times until the present. 


The Moratorium 

The October 15 Vietnam Moratori- 
um touched Duke with the same qual- 
ity of uniqueness that it had throughout 
the rest of the country. And the 
uniqueness of the event seems to have 
been in its tone rather than in its or- 
ganization and scope, although these 
latter two aspects were singular in 
themselves for an anti-war demon- 
stration. In spite of the Duke mobili- 
zation Committee's claim that the day's 
activities were to dramatize support 
for a demand for "the total and im- 
mediate withdrawal of all American 
troops from South Vietnam," which is 
really a statement whose absoluteness 
is strident, the tone of what occurred 
was a mixture of firm conviction and 
subdued emotionalism; and this seemed 
striking at a time when the tactics of 
campus demonstrations are character- 
ized by shrill vehemence and dicta- 
torial righteousness. The extent to 
which the absence of these elements 
attracted broad-based participation, or 
the extent to which broad-based par- 
ticipation suppressed such elements, 
seems indeterminable; but there is no 
denying that the tone was there. And 
so were the participants. 

Between 2,000 and 2,500 persons 
gathered in the quadrangle at 11:30 
p.m. on October 14 in front of the So- 

cial Sciences Building, which houses the 
ROTC offices, to hear a reading of the 
names of the Duke war dead. The par- 
ticipants then marched in a candlelight 
procession to the Chapel for a midnight 
Memorial Peace Service. 

Activities the following day con- 
sisted of informal "Peace University" 
seminars conducted by faculty mem- 
bers, several memorial services, and ad- 
dresses by Dr. Howard Levy and Jack 

The seminars were intended to at- 
tract students who were not attending 
classes in order to support the stop- 
business-as-usual theme of the mora- 
torium. The University news bureau 
estimated that regular class attendance 
was 60 per cent or more of normal. 
The student leader of the moratorium 
said that attendance was closer to 50 
per cent of normal. (The University 
has a total enrollment, including non- 
degree candidates, of approximately 
8,000 persons.) 

The largest attendance at any single 
event seems to have been at a 12:30 p.m. 
Chapel service in which the participants 
included Chancellor Pro Tern Barnes 
Woodhall, Dr. James T. Cleland, Dr. 
Howard C. Wilkinson, Dr. Thomas A. 
Langford, and Dean Juanita Kreps. The 
attendance here was probably greater 
than that of the previous night, for 
there was less standing room. 

This service, like the midnight ser- 
vice, seemed less specifically a Viet- 
nam war protest than it did a me- 
morial service for all the war dead, and 
a moral outcry against war in general. 

"There will be a brief Chapel Ser- 
vice ... to allow the Duke commu- 

nity to mourn the war dead and to 
pray for peace," said a memorandum 
signed by Dr. Woodhall, Provost Mar- 
cus E. Hobbs, and Vice President 
Charles B. Heustis. 

This same communication to the Uni- 
versity said that "the University should 
not take positions on political, social, 
moral, or philosophical issues except 
those which clearly and directly affect 
the university's freedom of inquiry and 
teaching." Therefore, "classes should 
be held at officially scheduled times and 
a regular work schedule followed by 
the academic and nonacademic staff 
on October 15th." Students, of course, 
are not required to attend classes at 

Although the moratorium leaders 
criticized the University for not taking 
an official stand coinciding with their 
own views, the statement by Duke's 
"troika" seemed to limit the extent of 
that criticism. In addition, Dr. Wood- 
hall was one of the signatories of a 
letter sent by seventy-nine college and 
university presidents to President Nixon 
urging a stepped-up withdrawal from 
Vietnam. The letter made it clear that 
personal rather than institutional views 
were being expressed. 

After the events of the fifteenth, 
more than a few persons were surprised 
at the number of participants on cam- 
pus. Aside from the war itself, the only 
nagging question that remained was 
whether or not the emotional tone of 
the moratorium could be sustained, if 
necessary, throughout demonstrations 
planned for the future. 


Six men received promotions or 
changes in duties in the academic di- 
vision of the University's administra- 
tive staff in a recent reorganization 
which, said Provost Marcus E. Hobbs, 
had been "under intensive considera- 
tion for the past several months and 
somewhat less intensive consideration 
for almost a year." The fact that sev- 
eral senior administrative officers, such 
as Dr. Frank T. deVyver and Dr. Rich- 
ard L. Predmore, returned this past 
summer to full-time teaching and re- 
search presented "a natural timing for 
these changes," said Dr. Hobbs. 

In the reorganization, Dr. Harold 


W. Lewis is continuing as a vice pro- 
vost but his title as dean of arts and 
sciences was changed to dean of the 

Dr. James L. Price, former associate 
dean of arts and sciences and dean of 
Trinity College, assumed the newly 
created position of vice provost and 
dean of undergraduate education. 

Dr. Hugh M. Hall, who was associ- 
ate dean of Trinity College and dean of 
freshmen, succeeded Dr. Price as dean 
of Trinity College and also will serve 
as an assistant provost see p. 9). 

William J. Griffith, former assistant 
dean of arts and sciences and assistant 
to the provost in the area of student 
affairs, was made dean of student af- 
fairs and assistant provost. 

Dr. Frederick C. Joerg, formerly as- 
sistant dean of arts and sciences, as- 
sumed duties as assistant provost for 
academic administration. 

Dr. Craufurd D. Goodwin's title was 
changed from vice provost for interna- 
tional studies to vice provost and di- 
rector of international programs, rep- 
resenting an enlargement of his respon- 

Dr. Hobbs explained that under the 
reorganization the chairmen of the 
twenty-eight arts and sciences depart- 
ments and the dean of the School of 
Engineering will continue to report to 
Dr. Lewis. In addition, the deans of 

Hobbs said, "should contribute ma- 
terially to improved coordination of 
the undergraduate areas of the Univer- 
sity." He also expressed the opinion 
that the creation of a student affairs 
office, with Mr. Griffith as dean, "should 
greatly improve coordination in this 
important student area." 

Dr. Joerg, as assistant provost for 
academic administration, will perform 
some of the staff functions formerly 
handled by Dr. deVyver and will con- 
tinue to handle other staff responsi- 
bilities for the provost area. 

Also, expanded responsibilities for 
surveillance of research programs and 
proposals was assigned to the vice pro- 
vost and dean of the Graduate School, 
Dr. John C. McKinney. 

Dr. Goodwin, in addition to his re- 
sponsibility for international programs 
at Duke, also will be responsible to the 
provost for the administrative super- 
vision of budgets and staff for the Per- 
kins Library and related libraries on 
campus, and for the Duke University 

New Doctor for Medicine 

Dr. Thomas D. Kinney, chairman 
of the department of pathology at the 
Medical Center, was appointed recently 
to the new position of director of med- 
ical education. In creatine; the director- 







the schools of Divinity, Forestry, Law, 
and Business Administration were 
added. In this latter capacity, Dr. 
Lewis assumed duties previously per- 
formed by Dr. deVyver, whose position 
as vice provost was eliminated. 

Dr. Price, in his new position as vice 
provost and dean of undergraduate edu- 
cation, will coordinate the office of un- 
dergraduate admissions and financial 
aid, the counciling center, the Trinity 
College dean's office, and the office of 
the dean of student affairs. "This," Dr. 

ship, the University eliminated the title 
of dean of the School of Medicine. 

This appointment was the latest in 
a series of organizational and title 
changes that have taken place at the 
School during the past year, one of 
which was the promotion in June of 
former Dean William G. Anlyan to the 
new position of vice president for 
health affairs. The administrative re- 
organization had been recommended by 
a committee appointed late last year to 
consider restructuring the administra- 

tion of the School of Medicine within 
the framework of the Medical Center. 

As director, Dr. Kinney will be re- 
sponsible for all educational programs 
in the School of Medicine and the 
Medical Center, except those of the 
School of Nursing, and will report to 
Dr. Anlyan, who will retain responsi- 
bility for budget and space control. 

Dr. Kinney's association with Duke 
dates from the 1930's, when he studied 
medicine here prior to receiving his de- 
gree in 1937. His early teaching years 
were at Yale. Boston University. Tufts, 
and Harvard. In 1947 he joined the 
medical faculty at Case-Western Re- 
serve University, where he was pro- 
fessor of pathology until he came to 
Duke in 1960 as chairman of the de- 
partment of pathology. In 1967 he was 
named the first R. J. Reynolds Tobac- 
co Company Professor at Duke. 

Directs Project 

Law School Dean A. Kenneth Pye 
was named recently as project director 
of a newly created American Bar As- 
sociation Commission on Campus Gov- 
ernment and Student Dissent. 

The commission will attempt to 
draft legal standards and procedural 
guidelines to help campus administra- 
tors accommodate valid student dissent 
while preserving orderly educational 

Professor William Van Alstyne, also 
of the Duke Law School, is co-director 
of the project. 

William T. Gossett, immediate past 
president of the ABA and chairman of 
the commission, said the group expects 
to complete tentative drafts this fall. 

The project is the first step of a more 
extensive program to be carried out by 
the ABA in collaboration with the 
American Council on Education. 

In announcing the appointments, 
ABA President Bernard G. Segal said 
the commission's work is intended to be 
"a constructive effort to chart the rea- 
soned steps that can be taken to close 
the communication gap that has been 
a factor in campus disorders." 

"The legal profession has a duty to 
suggest the means by which we can 
preserve the essential and enduring 
values of dissent without abandoning 
order or permitting disruption of the 
educational process," he said. 




a Million 

LOYALTY FUND class agents who as- 
sembled on campus for the October 11 
official opening of the 1969-70 Loyalty 
Fund campaign were told by J. Alex 
McMahon '42 that "the University is 
more actively seeking alumni involve- 
ment and is deliberately opening up 
more channels of participation." 

Some of these new channels, said Mr. 
McMahon, president of the General 
Alumni Association, are alumni repre- 
sentation on the Presidential Search 
Committee, alumni participation in a 
newly formed committee to study Uni- 
versity governance, and election of 
alumni members of the Board of Trus- 
tees by the University's graduates. 

In addition to these new opportuni- 
ties for alumni participation, said Mr. 
McMahon, who addressed the agents 
at a luncheon following a morning 
workshop, "'the traditional areas of . . . 
participation have become much more 
meaningful, and it has become impera- 
tive that certain established tasks be 
performed and performed well." 

One of these established tasks is the 
conduct of the Loyalty Fund campaign. 
Although it has become, after twenty- 

three years, a traditional program to 
provide unrestricted or immediately ex- 
pendable funds for the University, the 
campaign is departing this year from 
its immediate tradition in at least one 
mechanical aspect: Class agents, in con- 
ducting their direct mail solicitation, 
will have to lick their own stamps. 
(This had been done last year by the 
alumni department mailing room be- 
fore the campaign materials were sent 
to agents.) 

None of the agents attending the 
Class Agents Day workshop com- 
plained, and the lack of any vociferous 
outburst over this sticky business seems 
indicative of the Duke volunteer fund- 
raiser's willingness to extend himself 
in an effort to insure the University's 
operating budget. 

This willingness, according to Wil- 
liam B. Jennings, director of annual giv- 
ing, has been particularly evident in the 
approach to the twenty-third annual 
campaign. Alumni, he said, have ac- 
cepted appointments as class agents 
or area chairmen or advance gift chair- 
men with an enthusiasm that is new to 
his memory. 

And a similar enthusiasm — real and 
not the forced enthusiasm of campaign 
rhetoric — was in Mr. Jennings' own 
voice when he told the agents at the 
workshop about the results of an ad- 
vance gift campaign that had preceded 
Class Agents Day. This part of the 
new Loyalty Fund drive, he sa ! d. pro- 
vided a campaign base of $174,552.12 
from 1,439 donors. Totals this large 
had never before been reported on 
Class Agents Day, and the agents ob- 
viously were off to a good start toward 
the 1969-70 goal of one million dol- 

Although last year's campaign sur- 
passed the dollar total of any previous 
campaign, it did not obtain the sup- 
port of as many alumni as had been 
anticipated. Since the dollar total was 
higher but the donor total lower, the 
average gift to last year's Loyalty Fund 
was considerably higher than it ever 

■4 Top left: Class agents at their 
luncheon after a workshop, lower left, 
where William B. Jennings, standing, 
initiated them to the intricacies of fund 
raising. At lower right, coffee and 
conversation preceded the workshop. 


has been. The job to be done to reach 
the million dollar goal, Mr. Jennings 
said, is to maintain last year's average 
gift of $63.66 while reclaiming donors 
who did not respond to the 1968-69 

Class Agents Day activities were pre- 
sided over by Walter A. Biggs '27. a 
member of the Executive Committee of 
the Duke University National Council. 

Reunion Planning 

June reunions during Alumni Week- 
end, June 4-7. 1970, are already being 
planned by the various classes sched- 
uled to return to campus. 

In August, the planning committee 
for the joint reunion of the classes of 
1929. 1930, 1931, and 1932 met in the 
Alumni House and elected Rufus Reyn- 
olds '30 general chairman. 

The Tenth Anniversary Class of 1960 
planning group met on campus in Sep- 
tember and elected Herb Reese re- 
union chairman. 

In addition to the general events of 
Alumni Weekend, the committees dis- 
cussed specific plans for class activities. 
For the joint reunion classes, these 
plans include a cocktail party, dinner, 
and entertainment on Friday; a break- 
fast and formal program on Saturday; 
and an informal open house following 

the General Alumni Dinner that eve- 

The Class of 1960 plans to have a 
dinner dance on Friday evening, a 
"happy hour" Saturday afternoon, an 
open house Saturday evening, and a 
Sunday morning brunch and business 

Other classes that will hold reunions 
during Alumni Weekend are the Silver 
Anniversary Class of 1954, the Golden 
Anniversary Class of 1920, the Half 
Century Club, and the joint reunion 
classes of 1964. 1965, and 1966. Re- 
ports on all reunion activities will ap- 
pear in the Register throughout the 

Founders' Day 

Founders' Day will be observed this 
year on December 13; and. according 
to a preliminary schedule, will include 
the biannual meeting of the Duke Uni- 
versity National Council. 

The council will hold a luncheon 
meeting in the West Campus Union 

On Sunday. December 14, a me- 
morial service in the Chapel is planned. 

No further details are available at 
this writing. 

After the Lion 

She won her first case defending a 
Greek immigrant accused of annoying 
the animals at the zoo; specifically, pet- 
ting the lions. Her argument: "with- 
out the lion in court as a witness there 

was no way to tell whether he was an- 

The defense was Elizabeth Hanford 
'58. recently appointed executive direc- 
tor in the federal government's Office of 
Consumer Affairs. The pretty Salis- 
bury, North Carolina, native went on 
from Duke, where she was president 
of WSGA. to Harvard for a master's 
degree in education and government, 
followed by a law degree in 1965. 

Before her appointment as execu- 
tive director this year, she was associ- 
ate director of the legislative affairs di- 
vision of the Consumer Affairs Pro- 
gram. Prior to that she handled cases 
for indigents in Washington, D.C.'s 
Court of General Sessions. 

In her new job in the Office of Con- 
sumer Affairs, she is involved in Presi- 
dent Nixon's announced study of the 
government's consumer-related pro- 
grams, surveying some 400 programs 
in thirty-three departments and agen- 
cies and making recommendations for 
combining overlapping programs or fill- 
ing gaps. A compilation of consumer 
protection laws is being drawn up 
which will be available to state at- 
torneys general as well as a type of tele- 
communication system to alert the states 
when fraudulent operators are moving 
into a new territory. 

Miss Hanford will also be traveling 
across the country setting up consumer 
conferences, attending related meetings, 
and making speeches on the administra- 
tion's consumer program. 

Two Duke alumni. Richard M. Nixon LLB '37 and Nancy Hanks '49, got together 
at the Western White House in San Clemente, California, on September 3 when 
Miss Hanks was appointed chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts. 
President Nixon said on this occasion that "one of the important goals of my 
administration is the further advance in the cultural development of our nation." 




Serving Industry 



in the 

Southeast for Over Eighty Years 

w The S.S. "Duke Victory," a World War 11 Victory Ship, was launched 
in early 1945. Comedian loe E. Brown, right, pulled the trigger re- 
leasing the last wedge under the keel of the ship. The 140,000th 
volunteer for the United States Cadet Nurse Corps, Rachel Dole, 
broke a bottle of champagne over the prow. The ship was taken from 
the "Moth Ball Fleet" in March, 1966, and used in Vietnam service. 

Class Notes 

Charlotte Corbin '35, Editor 


L. L. Lvey '15 has resigned 
as chairman and a member of 
the city planning commission of 
Raleigh, N. C. 

Rev. Leon C. Larkin '17, R33, 
and Mrs. Larkin celebrated their 
golden wedding anniversary in 
June. Now retired after com- 
pleting 50 years in the ministry 
of the United Methodist Church. 
Mr. and Mrs. Larkin make their 
home at Lake Junaluska. N. C. 

In July Dr. Luther L. Gobbel 
'18, a.m. '27, of Durham be- 
came interim president of Athens 
College, Athens, Ala., where he 
and Mrs. Gobbel, the former 
Ellen Huckahee '28, a.m. '31, 
will remain until a permanent 
president is selected. Dr. Gobbel 
is president emeritus of Lam- 
buth College, Jackson. Tenn.. and 
former president of Greensboro 

W. Warren Watson '09, Engel- 
hard, N. C, J. T. Jerome '07, 
Raleigh. N. C. M. A. Briggs '09, 
Durham, N. C, Samuel J. An- 
gler '11, Durham. N. C. Ernest 
J. Harbison '12, Concord, N. C, 
David L. Hardee '13, Raleigh. 
N. C Ernest C. Durham '14, 
Raleigh, N. C, Verne S. Caviness 
'15. Raleigh, N. C, Iris Chap- 
pelle Turlington (Mrs. H. C.) '16, 
Dunn, N. C., J. Watson Smoot 
'17, Tarboro, N. C, LeRoy E. 
Graham '18, Durham, N. C, W. 
Hix Cherry '19, Fayetteville, 
N. C, and Fannie Vann Sim- 
mons (Mrs. Ernest A.) A.M. 
(Bio-chemistry). Kenly, N. C, 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Paul C. Gurley, Charlotte, 
N. C, is serving as Class Agent 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Robert E. Long. Roxboro, 
N. C, Robert B. Martin, Hills- 
borough, N. C. and Joseph C. 
Whisnant ll.b., Shelby, N. C, 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


R. M. Love of Durham and 
Mrs. Love celebrated their golden 
wedding anniversary in August. 
With them were their children, 
who included Thomas A. Love 
'50 of Durham and Rod M. Love, 
Jr., e.e. '47 of Columbia, S. C. 
Mr. Love is retired from Duke 
Power Company, where he was 
superintendent of electrical op- 

Leon S. Ivey, Hickory, N. C, 
and Charles W. Porter, Lenoir, 
N. C. are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty 



John N. Duncan ll.b., 
Raleigh, N. C and Marion S. 
Lewis a.m. (Economics), Charles- 
ton, S. C, are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 


Walter A. Biggs of Dur- 
ham is a member of the 1969 
Legislative Committee of the 
United States Savings and Loan 
League, which furnishes direction 
for the national legislative pro- 
gram for the savings and loan 

T. R. Jenkins (a.m. '32, b.d. 
'33) retired from the Methodist 
ministry in June after 37 years 
of service. He and Mrs. Jenkins, 
the former Ormah Woods '29, 
are living in High Point, having 
moved there from Roanoke 
Rapids, N. C where they served 
from 1965 to 1969. 

Francis W. Davis, Harrisburg, 
Pa., Albert A. Wilkinson, Greens- 
boro. N. C, and Mrs. Martha 
Adams Snyder, Fayetteville, 
N. C, are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

News of alumni who received graduate or professional degrees, but 
who did not attend Duke as undergraduates, appears under the year Fund. 
in which the advanced degree was awarded. Otherwise news ap- 
pears under the year designating the individual's undergraduate class. 
Married couples representing two different classes are usually listed 
under the earlier class. Alumni should address correspondence to 
Charlotte Corbin, Class Notes Editor, Department of Alumni Affairs. 

Kelly L. Elmore, Sheffield, 
Ala., is serving as Class Agent 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty 


Mabel Griffin Reavis (a.m. 
ph.d. '33) is an associate 
of mathematics at 


Leo Brady, New York, 
N. Y., is serving as Class Agent 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 



Texas Christian University, Fort 


George R. Elmore, Durham, 
N. C, W. Stewart Rogers, Ashe- 


ville, N. C, and C. Celene Phipps, 
Independence, Va., are serving 
as Class Agents during the 1969- 
70 Loyalty Fund. 



Thomas O. Gentry, Rox- 
boro, N. C, Jack T. Holt, 
Greensboro, N. C, and Doris 
Hancock Moss (Mrs. Willard M.), 
Wilmington, N. C, are serving 
as Class Agents during the 1969- 
70 Loyalty Fund. 


The University of North 
Carolina at Charlotte awarded an 
honorary Doctor of Letters de- 
gree to John Paul Lucas at its 
June Commencement. Vice 
President of Duke Power Com- 
pany and a resident of Charlotte, 
Mr. Lucas was recognized for 
his services as a member of the 
North Carolina Board of Higher 
Education, the Board of Trustees 
of Johnson C. Smith University, 
and as a trustee of Charlotte Col- 
lege in its development to become 

Paul G. Trueblood (ph.d. '35) 
is head of the English Depart- 
ment at Willamette University, 
Salem, Ore., where he has been 
since 1955. Previously he taught 
at the Universities of Idaho, Ore- 
gon, Washington and British 

Raymon C. Hatley, Oakboro 
N. C, Floyd L. Riddle, Rich- 
mond, Va., Hal Grimes Smith 
(Mrs. Irwin S.), Oxford, N. C, 
M. Earl Cunningham B.D., Nash- 
ville, Tenn., and Lester A. Smith 
ll.b., Durham, N. C, are serv- 
ing as Class Agents during the 
1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


1 Frank H. Menaker, Har- 

risburg, Pa., Johnie L. Joyce, 
Henderson, N. C, Josephine 
Wilkerson Kirk (Mrs. J. Sidney) 
Raleigh, N. C, Frank B. Jor- 
dan b.d., Statesville, N. C, 
Charles G. Morehead a.m. (En- 
glish), Raleigh, N. C, and Ray 
W. House m.ed., Monroe, N. C, 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Philip M. Bolich, Durham, 
N. C, Jack T. Melton, Boone' 
N. C, Elizabeth R. Clarke, Jack- 
sonville, Fla., Garland R. Staf- 
ford b.d., Statesville, N. C, 
Joseph T. Carruthers, Jr., ll.b.' 
Greensboro, N. C, and Newton 
DuPuy m.d., Quincy, 111., are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Carl H. Kadie e.e. has re- 
tired after 34 years with the U. S. 
Bureau of Reclamation. He and 
his wife, Mae Bell Draughon 
Kadie, live in Sacramento, Calif. 
Maurice J. Duttera, West Point, 
Ga., Joseph L. Skinner, Muncie, 
Ind., Carmen Patterson Bobo 
(Mrs. Harold), Burlington, N. C, 
Kenneth T. Knight e., Raleigh, 
N. C, Annie Jo Hawfield r.n., 
Pineville, N. C, C. Wade Gold- 
stein b.d., Louisburg, N. C, 
Chisman Hanes ll.b., Washing- 
ton, D. C, and John R. Pate 
M.D., Arlington, Va., are serving 
as Class Agents during the 1969- 
70 Loyalty Fund. 

L£?J Nicholas W. Grant (b.d. 
'36) of Raleigh, N. C, is the 
director of the new Conference 
Program Council of the Raleigh 
Area, North Carolina Confer- 
ence, United Methodist Church. 
John D. Wright, Raleigh, N. C, 
R. Haywood Hosea, Durham, 
N. C.j W. Gavin Whitsett, Louis- 
ville, Ky., Bess Wilson Church 
(Mrs. Edward J.), Salisbury, 
N. C, Bernice Rose Rust (Mrs. 
H. A.), Venice, Fla., Harold W. 
Atkinson E., Cambridge, Mass., 
Matilda Holleman Moseley (Mrs. 
Vince) r.n., Charleston, S. C, 
Carl W. Barbee B.D., Pittsboro, 
N. C, Paul H. Sanders ll.b., 
Nashville, Tenn., Jarrett E. Wil- 
liams m.d., Abilene, Texas, and 
Owen L. Goolsby a.m. (French), 
Lynchburg, Va., are serving as 
Class Agents during the 1969-70 
Loyalty Fund. 


Dr. Fraser B. (Bob) Drew 
a.m., Professor of English at the 
State University College at Buf- 
falo, N. Y., was given the Dis- 
tinguished Service Award of the 
University of Vermont at the 
1968 Commencement "because 
of the distinction he has earned 
as teacher and author and be- 
cause of his loyalty to his alma 

Harold H. Hutson b.d., became 
president of Lycoming College, 
Williamsport, Pa., on Aug. 1, 
having previously been provost of 
American University, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Ogden R. Davies, Whitehall, 
Pa., Henry W. Marshall, High 
Point, N. C, N. Joe Rahall, 
Beckley, W. Va., Mary Covington 
Alden (Mrs. John), Rockville, 
Ind., Hannah Heptinstall Vaughan 
(Mrs. John S.), Woodland, N. C, 
Robert R. Thomas, Jr., E., Oak 
Hill, W. Va., Hilda Feagans Lar- 

son (Mrs. Fred S.) r.n., Roanoke, 
Va., Pliny F. Newton B.D., 
Graham, N. C., M. William 
Adelson ll.b., Baltimore, Md., 
and Raymond H. Ralston M.D., 
Niles, Ohio, are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 


After 30 years at the Na- 
tional Bureau of Standards, 
Washington, Roger G. Bates a.m. 
(ph.d. '37) has become a pro- 
fessor of chemistry at the Uni- 
versity of Florida, Gainesville. 

Dr. Harold K. Terry of Mi- 
ami, Fla., is president-elect of 
the American Association of 

Howard R. Getz, Nazareth, 
Pa., William S. Hodde, Summit, 
N. J., John C. Watson, Monroe, 
N. C, Helen Chandler Gillis 
(Mrs. Philip H.), West Orange, 
N. J., Dallas Knight Milligan 
(Mrs. Howard R.), Devon, Pa., 
Lloyd P. Julian e., Charlotte, 
N. C, Margaret Zirkle Luck 
(Mrs. William J.) r.n., Rich- 
mond, Va., Nicholas W. Grant 
b.d., Raleigh, N. C, Franklin H. 
Cook ll.b., State College, Pa., 
Michael T. Pishko m.d., Pine- 
hurst, N. C, and Elma Black 
Hooker (Mrs. Charles W.) A.M. 
(Mathematics), Chapel Hill, 
N. C, are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 


James A. Bistline of Wash- 
ington, D. C, has been elected 
president of the Association of 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
Practitioners, and will also serve 
as chairman of the Association's 
Executive Committee. He is gen- 
eral counsel of the Southern Rail- 
way System. 

Anne Izard, children's services 
consultant, Westchester Library 
System, was presented the Ameri- 
can Library Association's Grolier 
Award at its annual meeting in 
June. Her citation, which ac- 
companied the $1,000 award, 
read "... in recognition of her 
many years of outstanding work 
in the pursuit of excellence in 
library service to children. In 
her professional career she has 
maintained the highest standards 
of quality while searching with 
ever-increasing intensity for more 
productive ways of stimulating 
children's reading. . . . Her dedi- 
cation to her field is widely 
known as are the products of her 
efforts. . . . Her personal quali- 
ties, her experience, her dedica- 
tion to her work, and her con- 

siderable contribution to im- 
proved library service to children 
speak eloquently in favor of this 
recognition." A resident of 
Scarsdale, N. Y., Miss Izard 
served as children's librarian at 
the New York Public Library 
and later headed work with chil- 
dren in Greenwich, Conn. 

The Jacobs Instrument Com- 
pany, Ltd., a publishing com- 
pany in Victoria, B. C, Canada, 
is run by Donald H. Jacobs 
a.m., who is also the author of 
its first published book. An au- 
tobiography, it is entitled A 
Scientist and His Experiences 
with Corruption and Treason in 
the U. S. Military-Industrial Es- 
tablishment, and is an account 
of his experiences in the field of 
weapons systems development. 

Berkley V. Schaub, Scarsdale, 
N. Y., R. Kennedy Harris, 
Greensboro, N. C, James A. 
Bistline, Alexandria, Va., Mar- 
garet Washburn Davis (Mrs. 
Hardin K.), Syosset, N. Y., Ella 
Waters Pfau (Mrs. Carl E.), 
Washington, N. C, James C. 
Hardin E., Rock Hill, S. C, 
Laurie Gladstone Tilley (Mrs. 
C. Stroud) r.n., New Bern, N. C, 
Abram J. Cox b.d., Asheboro, 
N. C, Richard W. Kiefer ll.b., 
Baltimore, Md., and Vince Mose- 
ley M.D., Charleston, S. C, are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Jeanne McCauley Cooey 
(Mrs. Edward W.) of Hagers- 
town, Md., is president of The 
Federated Garden Clubs of 
Maryland, Inc. She is the wife 
of an attorney and the mother of 
two married children. 

Lurline Olsen Gaston (Mrs. 
George M.) r.n., b.s.n. is di- 
rector-coordinator of Newburgh 
School of Practical Nursing, 
Newburgh, N. Y. She lives in 

William T. Foulk, Rochester, 
Minn., William H. E. Marshall, 
Charleston, W. Va., A. Fred 
Rebman III, Chattanooga, Tenn., 
Sarah Rankin Hiatt (Mrs. Joseph 
S., Jr.), Southern Pines, N. C, 
Margaret Adams Harris (Mrs. R. 
Kennedy), Greensboro, N. C, 
Walter Pons E., Valdese, N. C, 
Lottie Brewer Sapp (Mrs. L. J.) 
R.N., Asheville, N. C, Charles 
D. Beatty b.d., Baltimore, Md., 
Thomas E. Butterfield ll.b., 
Bethlehem, Pa., Sherwood W. 
Barefoot m.d., Greensboro, N. 
C, and Charles S. Davis ph.d. 
(History), Rock Hill, S. C, are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


A me T. Fliflet has retired 
from the foreign service and is 
living in Mountain Lakes, N. J. 
George H. Crowell, Jr., Ponte 
Vedra Beach, Fla., Reid T. 
Holmes, Winston-Salem, N. C, 
William E. Singletary, Canton, 
Ohio, Janet McConnell Warner 
(Mrs. J. R.), Fayetteville, N. C, 
June Southworth Montgomery 
(Mrs. Alexander G.), Ridge- 
wood, N. J., Lewis W. Pifer e., 
Durham, N. C, Mary Cothran 
Gregory (Mrs. W. W., Jr.) R.N., 
Inman, S. C, George W. Bum- 
garner b.d., High Point, N. C, 
Lylton E. Maxwell ll.b., Win- 
ston-Salem, N. C, Larry 
Turner m.d., Durham, N. C, 
E. Mae Echerd Perkins (Mrs. 
Theodore E.) a.m. (Education), 
Greensboro, N. C, and Mariana 
D. Bagley a.m. (History), 
Philadelphia, Pa., are serving as 
Class Agents during the 1968-70 
Loyalty Fund. 

Class Agents during the 1969-70 
Loyalty Fund. 


Ivan C. Rutledge A.M. 
(ll.b. '46), dean of the College 
of Law at Ohio State University 
since 1965, has requested re- 
lief from administrative duties 
to return to full-time teaching in 
the areas of judicial and ad- 
ministrative agency practice and 
in labor law. 

The fourth edition of a book, 
entitled Real Estate, by Maurice 
A. linger (ll.b. '46) has been 
published by Southwestern Pub- 
lishing Co., Inc., of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. Mr. Unger is a professor 
of real estate and business law at 
the University of Colorado, is 
a member of the New York Bar 
and of the American Society of 
Appraisers, and holds a real es- 
tate broker's license. 

William L. Hobgood, Durham, 
N. C, Richard F. Johantgen, 
Nutley, N. J., Roger W. Rob- 
inson, Briarcliff Manor, N. Y., 
Mrs. Claribel Gee Baskin, Coral 
Gables, Fla., Peggy Glenn Stumm 
(Mrs. Joseph T.) Manhasset, 
N. Y., John D. MacLaughlan, 
Jr., e., Tampa, Fla., Martha 
Weaver Broadaway (Mrs. W. H.) 
R.N., Marshville, N. C, Wade R. 
Bustle b.d., Reidsville, N. C, 
G. Neil Daniels ll.b., Greens- 
boro, N. C, Joseph S. Hiatt, 
Jr., m.d., Southern Pines, N. C, 
William L. Beasley, Jr. M.F., 
Scotland Neck, N. C, George 
T. Pratt, m.ed., Northampton, 
Mass., C. W. George a.m. (Phys- 
ics), Fayetteville, N. Y., and Ken- 
neth L. Duke ph.d. (Zoology), 
Durham, N. C, are serving as 


Since the first of the year 
Meader W. Harriss, Jr., has been 
trust development officer in the 
home office of Southern Na- 
tional Bank, Lumberton, N. C. 
He and his wife, the former 
Blanna Brower '43, have a daugh- 
ter and a son who entered Wash- 
ington and Lee this fall. 

Wallace E. Seeman, president 
of The Seeman Printery, Inc., 
of Durham, has named James 
A. Robins '49 executive vice- 
president, succeeding the late 
William E. Cranford '29, and has 
named William E. Cranford, Jr., 
'60 vice president in the area of 
production and personnel. 

Andrew L. Ducker, Jr., Greens- 
boro, N. C, P. V. Kirkman, Jr., 
High Point, N. C, T. Edward 
Langston, Gastonia, N. C, Jim- 
mie Southgate Bolich (Mrs. 
Philip M.), Durham, N. C, Mar- 
garet L. Simpson, Winston-Sa- 
lem, N. C, Vernon A. Olson E., 
Glenside, Pa., Susan Warren 
Y eager (Mrs. Bearl A., Jr.) R.N., 
Binghamton, N. Y., Robert H. 
Stamey b.d., Statesville, N. C, 
Charles H. Fischer, Jr., ll.b., 
West Haven, Conn., G. Ford 
Smart m.d., Asheville, N. C, and 
Melvin J. Williams ph.d (Soci- 
ology), Greenville, N. C, are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Virginia Passmore Beau- 
jean (Mrs. A. A.) of New Ro- 
chelle, N. Y., medical record li- 
brarian of the White Plains 
Hospital, is president of the 
Westchester County Association 
of Medical Record Librarians. 

Word C. Clark, Durham, N. C, 
William M. Ludwig, Chillicothe, 
Ohio, James E. Satterfield, Louis- 
ville, Ky., Peggy Forsberg Hodg- 
don (Mrs. W. W .), Ingomar, Pa., 
Emily Smither Long (Mrs. J. D., 
Jr.), Greensboro, N. C, James A. 
Shea E., Armonk, N. Y., Nann 
Bunn Cummings (Mrs. Raymond 
E.) r.n., Asheboro, N. C, LeRoy 
A. Scott b.d., Spencer, N. C, 
Carney W. Mimms ll.b., New 
York, N. Y., Theodore E. Mees 
m.d., Lumberton, N. C, and 
Ruth Gatlin Franklin (Mrs. Earl 
R.) m.ed., Raleigh, N. C, are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

eral manager — Eastern area of 
the Bell Telephone Company of 
Pennsylvania and the Diamond 
State Telephone Company, with 
headquarters in Philadelphia. He 
and his wife, Annabelle Snyder 
Boelun, have two daughters, the 
older, Bonnie Leigh '69, being 
at Tubingen University in Ger- 
many where she is studying for 
her Master's degree in German 
literature on a Fulbright Schol- 

B. R. Browder, Jr., Winston- 
Salem, N. C, Thomas R. Hower- 
ton, Wilson, N. C, Robert D. 
Young, Sinsbury, Conn., Nannie 
Lou Keams Bounds (Mrs. How- 
ard V., Jr.), Roanoke Rapids, 
N. C, Ann Bock Oakes (Mrs. 
Gradie), Glenview, 111., Sidney L. 
Gulledge, Jr., e., Raleigh, N. C, 
Ruby Newman Butler (Mrs. Stacy 
A.) r.n., Clinton, N. C, John A. 
McKenry. Jr., b.d., Newport 
News, Va., and Ralph P. Baker 
m.d., Newberry, S. C, are serv- 
ing as Class Agents during the 
1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

Branscomb has been with the Bu- 
reau for 18 years, first as di- 
rector of work on atomic physics 
and for the past eight years as 
chief of the bureau's laboratory 
astrophysics division. He is serv- 
ing also as chairman of the panel 
on space science and technology 
of the President's Science Ad- 
visory Committee and has re- 
ceived numerous awards for pub- 
lic service as a career federal 

S. Thomas Amore ph.d. (Chem- 
istry), Durham, N. C, and Alona 
E. Evans ph.d. (Political Sci- 
ence), Wellesley, Mass., are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 



Harry F. Steelman M.D., a 
neurosurgeon, is on the staff at 
Veterans Hospital and Iowa Med- 
ical School, Iowa City, Iowa. 

Woodrow W. Carroll, Raleigh, 
N. C, Charles T. Speth, Marion, 
S. C, H. Watson Stewart, Char- 
lotte, N. C, Beverly Dykes Grif- 
fith (Mrs. William R.), Lake 
Wales, Fla., Bessie Cox Burg- 
hardt (Mrs. Joseph E.), Littleton, 
Colo., Donald H. Sterrett e., 
Charlotte, N. C, Anne Bennett 
Dodd (Mrs. W. R.) r.n., Greens- 
boro, N. L, /. Edwin Carter B.D., 
Hickory, N. C, Melvin S. Taub 
ll.b., Clifton, N. C, John C. 
Glenn, Jr., M.D., Charlotte, N. C, 
and William Carl Whitesides, 
Jr., m.d., Charlotte, N. C, are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

Florence 1. Haugh a.m. is 
chairman of the Department of 
Modern Foreign Languages at 
Geneva College, Beaver Falls, 

Gilmore B. Seavers m.e. is 
President-elect of Shippensburg 
State College, Shippensburg, Pa. 

Eugenie Lair Moss (Mrs. Ron- 
ald A.) a.m. (Botany), Bis- 
marck, N. D., and Ashbel G. 
Brice a.m. (English), Durham, 
N. C, are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 




Kenneth E. Boehm of 
Gladwyne, Pa., has been ap- 
pointed vice president and gen- 

Charles B. Markham of 
New York City has been named 
Deputy Assistant Secretary for 
Metropolitan Development by 
the Secretary of Housing and 
Urban Development. He is serv- 
ing in the office of the As- 
sistant Secretary and is sharing 
in the responsibility for formu- 
lation of MD policies, program 
operations and general admin- 

On Sept. 1, Dr. Lewis M. 
Branscomb became director of 
the National Bureau of Stan- 
dards, having been appointed by 
President Nixon to succeed the 

John S. Lanahan, president 
of Richmond Hotels since 1959, 
became president of Flagler Sys- 
tem, Inc., of Palm Beach, Fla., 
on July 1. The Florida com- 
pany owns and operates The 
Breakers in Palm Beach and 
others hotels in Nassau, Cocoa 
Beach, Gainesville and St. Au- 

Marjory Smith Thornburg 
Mar tines (Mrs. E. A.), who re- 
ceived a Master's degree in social 
work from the University of 
Denver last June, is a child wel- 
fare worker for the Denver De- 
partment of Welfare. Her first 
husband passed away in 1965, 
and she was remarried in June 

Thomas J. Scahill, Kansas 
City, Mo., Clarence J. Brown, 
Jr., Washington, D. C, Harry T. 
Hance, Jr., Waverly, Ohio, Fran- 
ces Hudson Bronnenberg (Mrs. 
Frederick L.), Anderson, Ind., 
Sara Huckle Murdaugh (Mrs. H. 
Victor, Jr.), Pittsburgh, Pa., Ray 
W. Holland e., Knoxville, Tenn., 
Anna Williams Speth (Mrs. 
Charles T.) r.n., Marion, S. C, 
Robert L. Nicks b.d., Durham, 
N. C, Bertram J. Dube ll.b., 
Hudson Falls, N. Y., and Richard 
N. Wrenn m.d., Charlotte, N. C, 

previous director of 37 years. Dr. are serving as Class Agents dur- 


ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 
BORN: A daughter to Thomas 
J. Scahill, Jr., and Mrs. Scahill, 
Kansas City, Mo., on May 17. 
Named Cynthia Leigh. 


Dr. A. Purnell Bailey B.D., 
senior minister of Reveille 
United Methodist Church, Rich- 
mond, Va., will become execu- 
tive secretary of the United 
Methodist Commission on Chap- 
lains and Related Ministries in 
June 1970. In his new capacity. 
Dr. Bailey will be in charge of 
the work of some 800 civilian 
and military Methodist chaplains 
around the world. 

Shirley H. Carter, Jr., Rich- 
mond, Va., Lonnie W. Hudson, 
Raleigh, N. C, Richard F. Wam- 
bach, Washington. D. C., Rae- 
nelle Bolick Abernethy (Mrs. 
Claude S., Jr.), Conover, N. C, 
K. Lee Scott Wright (Mrs. Harry 
B.), New Bern, N. C, W. Cran- 
ford Bennett e., Marietta, Ga., 
Ruth Douglas Jacokes (Mrs. Paul 
W.) r.n.. Durham, N. C, Van 
Bogard Dunn b.d., Delaware, 
Ohio, Wallace H. McCown ll.b., 
Manteo, N. C, Eugene J. Linberg 
M.D., Tampa, Fla, and B. C. Moss 
a.m. (Psychology), Ocala, Fla., 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


Louis F. Gough b.d. is 
Professor of New Testament The- 
ology, Ashland Theological Sem- 
inary, Ashland. Ohio. Previously 
he was vice president of Aca- 
demic Administration at Salem 
College, Salem, W. Va. 

This fall, Mary Robinson, for- 
merly Dean of Women at Amer- 
ican University of Beirut, Beirut, 
Lebanon, assumed the same posi- 
tion at Western Washington State 
College, Bellingham. 

O. Norman Forrest, Jr., South 
Bend, Ind., Carl F. Sapp, Dur- 
ham, N. C, James A. Robins, 
Durham, N. C, Martha Krayer 
Johnson (Mrs. Cecil S.), Durham, 
N. C, Mrs. Martha Duncan 
Lynn, Valparaiso, Fla., Sidney H. 
Bragg E., Durham, N. C-, Mar- 
garet Darden McLeod (Mrs. T. 
Bragg) r.n., Huntersville, N. C, 
John T. Frazier, Jr. b.d., Win- 
ston-Salem, N. C, Edward J. 
Moppert ll.b., Ft. Wayne, Ind., 
and W. Harold Gentry M.D., 
Chapel Hill, N. C, are serving 
as Class Agents during the 1969- 
70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Morton Joseph 
Hakan c.e. to Carole Lee Baars 
on May 10. Residence: Chapel 
Hill, N. C. 

Robert W. Miller of Trum- 
bull, Conn., is with General 
Electric as manager of sales 
planning, portable appliance de- 

Harvey H. Stewart c.e. and 
Carol Cleaveland Stewart '51 
are living in Bozman, Md. He is 
production manager of Duralith 
Corp., a manufacturer of litho- 
graphic plates and products, and 
she is teaching first grade at the 
Country School. 

Mark E. Garber, Jr., Carlisle, 
Pa., Beaman T. White, Fairfax, 
Va., John L. Sherrill, Laurin- 
burg. N. C, Jane Chivers Green- 
leaf (Mrs. Thomas R.), Down- 
ingtown. Pa., Sylvia Sommer 
Moore (Mrs. Donald R.), Peoria, 
111., James M. Foreman. Jr. E., 
Charlotte, N. C, Esther Winslow 
Markham (Mrs. Excell, Jr.) r.n., 
Goldsboro, N. C, Robert Grum- 
bine b.d., Baltimore, Md., Robert 
B. Lloyd, Jr., ll.b., Greensboro, 
N. C, John L. Vogel m.d., Co- 
lumbia City, Ind., E. Grant Mar- 
low m.f., Columbus. Ga., Kath- 
ryn Dunkelberger Hart (Mrs. 
Thomas G., Jr.) A.M. (Econom- 
ics), Wilton, Conn.. W. Quay 
Griggs, Jr. a.m. (English), St. 
Paul. Minn., and Thomas W. 
Teer a.m. (English), Wingate, 
N. C. are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


John A. Cuculo PH.D. is 
an associate professor of textile 
chemistry in the School of Tex- 
tiles, North Carolina State Uni- 
versity at Raleigh. 

Clay Felker is founder and edi- 
tor of New York, a magazine 
with newsstand sales averaging 
25,000 a week and overall cir- 
culation approaching 150,000. 
According to an article in Sat- 
urday Review, entitled "How to 
Start a Magazine," New York has 
four distinct editorial thrusts: to 
record what is happening in the 
city, to tell how to get along bet- 
ter in the city today, to pro- 
ject how the city can be im- 
proved, and to show what the 
good life of the future can be. 

Karl van der Beck of Short 
Hills, N. J., has been named 
credit manager, Bristol-Myers 
Products, division of Bristol- 
Myers Company, in Hillside, 
N. J. He is also serving as sec- 
ond vice president of the New 
Jersey Association of Credit Ex- 

George Y. Bliss, Northport, 
N. Y., Arnold M. Propst, Jack- 

A Duke 

W A 


1 Kenneth H. MacQueen '54 is general manager of WABC- 
TV in New York. The station is owned by ABC. 2 Carl J. 
Perkinson "50 was recently promoted to director of personnel 
relations for Hanes Corporation's Knitwear Division. 3 Lon 
A. Coone BSEE '35 has been appointed manager-personnel and 
service administration for the Southern Industrial and Trans- 
portation Region of General Electric's installation and service 
engineering department. 4 Dr. Robert V. Nauman '44, a mem- 
ber of the chemistry faculty at Louisiana State University, 
was a recent recipient of a $1,000 Standard Oil of Indiana 
Foundation award for excellence in undergraduate teaching. 
5 William C. Jennings '37, formerly a director and vice presi- 
dent of Esso Eastern Chemicals, is now assistant commissioner 
of higher education for the state of South Carolina. 

Raleigh, N. C, Ann Carol Hogue 
Milbank (Mrs. Robert W '.), Rock- 
ville Centre, N. Y., Caroline 
Beck Stewart (Mrs. John B.), 
Saratoga, Calif., Andrew E. 
Mickle e., Winston-Salem, N. C, 
Mary Ann Menefee Byerly (Mrs. 
Baxter H.) r.n., Danville, Va., 
/. Earl Richardson B.D., Rocky 
Mount, N. C, J. Carlton Flem- 
ing ll.b., Charlotte, N. C, R. 
Terrell Wingfield m.d., Lynch- 
burg, Va., Robert E. Lee III M.F., 
Savannah, Ga., James H. Godsey 
a.m. (Chemistry), Cumberland, 
Md., and Mary Wiles Knight 
(Mrs. Clement W.) a.m. (Zool- 
ogy), Rochester, N. Y., are serv- 
ing as Class Agents during the 
1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

BORN: First child and son to 
John I. Riffer and Mrs. Riffer, 
Springfield, Va., on July 17. 
Named Christopher John. 


Marilyn Switzer Saunders 

sonville, N. C, Bryan R. Reep, (Mrs. Thomas H.) is in her sec- 

ond year of teaching Spanish in 
the New London, Ohio, high 

Malcolm F. Crawford, New 
York, N. Y., Alfred C. Krayer, 
Jr., St. Petersburg, Fla., James 
H. Pollock, Boynton Beach, Fla., 
Mary Harris Harper (Mrs. James 
B.), Winston-Salem, N. C, Susan 
Pickens Jones (Mrs. L. Merritt), 
Raleigh, N. C, Emmett L. Bat- 
ten e., Colonial Heights, Va., 
Karen Nielsen Judd (Mrs. Arthur 
W.) r.n., Columbus, Ohio, C. 
Dwight Pyatt b.d., Lake Junalus- 
ka, N. C, Norwood Robinson 
ll.b., Winston-Salem, N. C, M. 
W. Wester, Jr., m.d., Henderson, 
N. C, and Jay H. Ostwalt ph.d. 
(Education), Davidson, N. C, 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

BORN: First child and son to 
S. Page Butt, Jr., e.e. and Mrs. 
Butt, Gwynedd, Pa., on Oct. 26, 
1968. Named Jeffrey Eric. 

Third child and second daugh- 
ter to Patricia Webb Wilson and 


Colin H. Wilson, Jr. (M.D. '56), 
Atlanta, Ga., on May 25. Named 
Patricia Ann. 

as Class Agents during the 1969- 
70 Loyalty Fund. 



Pierre C. Haber a.m. is an- 
sistant professor at Jersey City 
State College. 

On August 1, Charles L. Hite 
joined the staff of the Hospital 
and Child Care Sections of the 
Duke Endowment in Charlotte, 
N. C, as Assistant Director of 
the Planning and Design Service. 

J. Charles Smith, Durham, 
N. C, Vernon C. Lassiter, Jr., 
Newnan, Ga., Nolan H. Rogers, 
Baltimore, Md., Alice Gold- 
tkwaite Carson (Mrs. R. T.J, 
Jackson, Miss., Patricia Cohan 
Seaton (Mrs. J. Ralph, Jr.), Ann 
Arbor, Mich., William A. Stokes 
E., Durham, N. C, Margaret 
Pruitt Taylor (Mrs. James I.) 
r.n., Tarboro, N. C, Fred I. E. 
Ferris b.d., Bethel, Conn., Floyd 
E. Kellam, Jr., ll.b., Virginia 
Beach, Va., Tom A. Vestal M.D., 
Anderson, S. C, and S. Virginia 
Laise m.ed., Bunker Hill, W. 
Va., are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: N. Carolyn Whit- 
ley to Edmund H. Harding on 
July 5. Residence: Washington, 
N. C. 

BORN: A son to Dr. Charles 
S. Watson and Juanita Goodman 
Watson '61, Tuscaloosa, Ala., on 
June 12. Named Whitten Sulli- 


Neil G. Andon m.e. of 
Elmhurst, N. Y., has been flying 
as a pilot for Pan American for 
the last four years. 

William R. Bailey, a Methodist 
minister, lives in Santa Monica, 
Calif. Until 1970, he will be with 
the Ecumenical Institute. 

Lt. Col. Charles W. Schreiner, 
Jr., U.S.M.C. is in the office of 
the chairman, Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, The Pentagon, Washing- 
ton, D. C. He lives at Fort 
Myer, Va. 

Robert W. Bradshaw, Jr., Char- 
lotte, N. C, Richard E. Means, 
Durham, N. C, Richard L. 
Singletary, Thomasville, Ga., 
Dorothy Horton Hamrick (Mrs. 
Gordon G.), Shelby, N. C, Pa- 
tricia Morgan Schaffer (Mrs. 
William R.), Charlotte, N. C, 
James L. Cranwell, Jr. e., Kirk- 
land, Wash., Christine Bessler 
Poe (Mrs. Albert M., Jr.) R.N., 
Durham, N. C, F. Owen Fitz- 
gerald b.d., Goldsboro, N. C, 
James F. Young ll.b., Phila- 
delphia, Pa., and James M. Kel- 
ley m.d., Rome, Ga., are serving 

Jack L. Corley c.e. and 
his family live in Bristol, Va. He 
is employed by the Virginia De- 
partment of Highways as assis- 
tant district engineer for the Bris- 
tol District, and is responsible 
for the maintenance of all roads 
in the 12 counties of southwest 

Claude Ledes m.d. is in the 
Department of Medicine of the 
University of Tennessee Med- 
ical School, Memphis. 

Paul R. Berrier, Gastonia. 
N. C, Lyle E. Harper, Chevy 
Chase, Md., Rodger Lindsay, 
New Rochelle, N. Y., Margaret 
C. Duncan, Raleigh, N. C, Pa- 
tricia Brown Novak (Mrs. Earl 
J.), Williamsburg, Va., William 
B. Zollars e., Pittsburgh, Pa., 
Claire Endictor Goldberg (Mrs. 
Benjamin) R.N., Charleston, S. C, 
Earle R. Haire b.d., Shelby, N. C, 
Melvin T. Boyd ll.b., Miami. 
Fla., Donald E. Saunders, Jr., 
m.d., Columbia. S. C, John H. 
Hodges ph.d. (Mathematics), 
Boulder, Colo., and Jesse G. Har- 
ris, Jr. ph.d. (Psychology), Lex- 
ington, Ky., are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 


Dr. James H. Blair, his 
wife and three children have 
moved to Columbia, S. C, 
where he is practicing obstetrics 
and gynecology. Previously they 
had made their home in Toccoa, 

Allen Lacy (PH.D. '62) is as- 
sociate professor of philosophy 
at Kirkland College, Clinton, 
N. Y., which is a new liberal arts 
college for women, coordinate 
with Hamilton College. He has 
recently been given a Natural 
Humanities Fellowship for seven 
months in 1970 for a project of 
study on "Human Values in 
Community Design." 

Ted R. Morton, Jr., b.d., ad- 
ministrator of the Greenwood 
Methodist Home, a new facility 
of the South Carolina Confer- 
ence, has completed a 14 weeks 
training program in the field of 
Retirement Housing Management 
at the University of Michigan, 
Ann Arbor. 

Herd L. Bennett, Eaton, Ohio, 
Kenneth E. Mayhew, Jr., Cherry- 
ville, N. C, Robert E. Leak, 
Raleigh, N. C, Patricia Stans- 
bury Anderson (Mrs. Warren G.), 
Boone, N. C, Virginia Stratton 
Woolard (Mrs. William L.), 

Charlotte, N. C, John C. Rudi- 
sill, Jr., E., Raleigh, N. C, Jean 
Munro Bedell (Mrs. Richard F.) 
r.n., Boulder, Colo., Thomas S. 
Lee, Jr., b.d., Statesville, N. C, 
Russell M. Robinson II ll.b., 
Charlotte, N. C, Richard A. 
Steele m.d., Asheville, N. C, and 
Joel C. Ford, Jr. a.m. (Political 
Science), Lake Bluff, 111., are 
serving as Class Agents during 
the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 


L. Arthur Hunsley (b.d. 
'61) is a technical writer in the 
Scientific Computing Facility of 
Perkin-Elmer Corp., of Norfolk, 

Richard B. Jacoves has been 
appointed vice president of Great 
Southern Liquor Company, New 
Orleans, La. He is making his 
home in Metairie. 

Allen Meade m.e. is branch 
sales manager for Aluminum 
Company of America in Grand 
Rapids, Mich. 

Stephen D. Baker, Houston. 
Texas, Edward J. Larese, New 
York, N. Y„ Ronald G. Rati, 
Winston-Salem, N. C, Janice 
Bishop Rudd (Mrs. Robert N .), 
Chapel Hill, N. C. Jane Phillips 
Bell (Mrs. John H.) Knoxville, 
Tenn., Paid D. Riscer E., Stam- 
ford. Conn., Barbara Hoffman 
Hobbs (Mrs. E. G., Jr.) r.n., San- 
ford, N. C Vernon C. Tyson 
b.d., Oxford, N. C, Louis T. Gal- 
lo ll.b., Ridgewood, N. J.. Ralph 
E. Roughton, Jr., M.D., Atlanta, 
Ga.. Harvey N. Rexroad PH.D. 
(Physics). Maitland, Fla., and 
Margaret Query Keller (Mrs. 
Thomas F.) a.m. (Religion), 
Durham, N. C, are serving as 
Class Agents during the 1969-70 
Loyalty Fund. 

BORN: First child and son to 
Patricia Roberts Pichette (Mrs. 
Robert) PH.D. and Mr. Pichette, 
Fredericton. N.B., Canada, on 
March 6. Named Louis Marc. 

A son to John M. Westmore- 
land and Mrs. Westmoreland, 
Durham, N. C, on July 2. 
Named Bryan Stephen. 

I ?5J Robert E. Smith (ll.b. 
'64) has been made a partner in 
the Raleigh, N. C, law firm 
which was Boyce, Lake and 
Burns and is now Boyce, Burns 
and Smith. He and his wife, 
Barbara Ann Proctor Smith '63, 
have a year-old son, Jay. 

Stephen G. Young of Charles- 
ton, W. Va., has been elected 
president of the West Virginia 
Coal Association. 

Thomas A . Callcott, Knoxville, 

Tenn., A. Roger Hildreth, Guil- 
derland, N. Y., Fred R. She- 
been, Camden, S. C, Barbara 
Barksdale Clowse (Mrs. Converse 
D.), Greensboro, N. C, Lynne 
Wagner Mauney (Mrs. Charles 
F.J, Kings Mountain, N. C, 
David P. Montgomery, Jr., E., 
Winston-Salem, N. C, Joan Finn 
McCracken (Mrs. Clayton H., 
Jr.) r.n., Billings, Mont., Doug- 
las R. Beard b.d., Winston-Sa- 
lem, N. C, William H. Grigg 
Rollins, Jr. m.d., Greensboro, 
N. C, and M. Douglas Harper, 
Jr., ph.d. (Religion), Houston, 
Texas, are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 

ADOPTED: First child and 
son by Betsy McBroom Hollo- 
way and Rufus M. Holloway, Jr., 
m.d. '62, Orlando, Fla., born 
July 12. Named Michael Madi- 

BORN: Third child and second 
son to Nancy Fairgrieve Burton 
and Richard B. Burton, Naper- 
ville, 111., on Jan. 16. Named 
Steven Richard. 

A son to Michael Godt and 
Mrs. Godt, New York, N. Y., on 
June 25. Named Andrew Dennis 

Second son to Lt. Comdr. An- 
drew O. Oberhofer u.s.N. and 
Patricia Hansen Oberhofer '60, 
Norfolk, Va., on July 9. Named 
Thomas Andrew. 

First children and twins to 
Fredrick L. Rice (Ll.b. '61) and 
Mrs. Rice, Jacksonville, Fla., 
on May 20. Named Harry 
Michael and Laurie Ann. 

Second daughter to Heath E. 
Valentine M.E. and Mrs. Valen- 
tine, Middletown, Ohio, on Dec. 
10. Named Heather Elisabeth. 


James W. C. Daniel, Jr., is 
a stockbroker with Merrill Lynch, 
Pierce, Fenner & Smith in Ra- 
leigh. N. C. 

Carl V. Strayhorn, Jr., Fay- 
etteville, N. C, Wade R. Byrd, 
Palm Beach, Fla., Craig D. 
Choate, Upper St. Clair, Pa., 
Carolyn Cone Carlson (Mrs. 
Clifford A.), Charlotte, N. C, 
Nancy deLong Kent (Mrs. David 
R.). Colorado Springs, Colo., C. 
Leland Bassett E., Richmond, Va., 
Lani Bidle McConnell (Mrs. 
Robert P.) R.N., Washington, 
D. C, James W. Luck b.d., Rich- 
mond, Va., Philip V. Harrell 
ll.b., Gastonia, N. C, Robert L. 
Hirschfeld m.d., Baltimore, Md., 
Cleet C. Cleetwood d.ed., Green- 
ville, N. C, and Loren K. David- 
son ph.d. (English), Pittsburgh, 
Pa., are serving as Class Agents 


during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Doris Frye Ay res 
b.s.n. to Kirby L. Hadley. Resi- 
dence: Mill Valley, Calif. 

Lei Lani Jayne Bidle b.s.n. to 
Lieut. Robert P. McConnell on 
June 28. Residence: Washington, 
D. C. 

Johnie L. Joyce, Jr. (ll.b. '62) 
to Pamela Jean Williams on July 
12. Residence: Playa del Rey, 

Major Robert B. Savage, Jr., 
to Janet L. Silbernagel on May 
24. Residence: Yuma, Ariz. 

BORN: Second daughter to 
Helen Swan Genz (Mrs. Clyde) 
and Mr. Genz, Boca Raton, Fla., 
on April 4. Named Helen Denny. 

Second child and first daughter 
to Bernard H. Strasser ll.b. and 
Mrs. Strasser, Ormond Beach, 
Fla., on Dec. 14. Named Mi- 
chelle Christine. 


Farris F. Anderson (a.m. 
'62), who has a ph.d. from the 
University of Wisconsin, is an 
assistant professor of Spanish 
at the University of Washington, 
Seattle. Since June, 1966, he has 
been married to the former Jo- 
hanna Shoopman of Somerset, 

Robert G. Crummie (m.d. '65) 
and Emma Shipp Crummie b.s.n. 
'62 are living in Fayetteville, 
N. C, where he is psychiatric 
director of the Cumberland Men- 
tal Health Center, a 31 -bed in- 
patient hospital. 

In the spring LCdr. D. H. Ger- 
del, U.S.N., c.e. was transferred 
from Charleston, S. C, to USN 

Mobile Construction Battalion 
62, located near the DMZ in 
South Vietnam, where he is the 
Operations Officer in charge of 
construction. He and Mrs. Ger- 
del have a young adopted son, 
Brandon Kuehl. 

Since graduating from the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina with a 
Master of Science in Sanitary 
Engineering in 1965, Howard 
P. Haines has been employed 
with the consulting engineering 
firm of Gannett, Fleming, Cord- 
dry and Carpenter, Inc., of Har- 
risburg, Pa. He and his family 
live in Camp Hill. 

J. Ray Kirby ph.d. (Chemis- 
try), Durham, N. C, and 
Thomas K. Bullock d.ed., Tal- 
lahassee, Fla., are serving as 
Class Agents during the 1969-70 
Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Joseph E. Clay- 
ton (m.f. '61 ) to Mary Yancey on 
June 28. Residence: Staunton, 

John M. Keith, Jr., to Willa 
Louise Carter '66 on June 6. 
Residence: Managua, Nicaragua. 

BORN: Second son to Julie 
Campbell Esrey (Mrs. William 
T.) and Mr. Esrey, Chatham, 
N. J., on March 12. Named John 

Second child and first daugh- 
ter to James W. Turner, Jr. fM.D. 
'64) and Evelyn Havens Turner 
b.s.n. '63, Durham, N. C, on 
May 21. Named Heather Ann. 


Don West Altman, his wife 
and two children, live in Mal- 
vern, Pa. He is regional manager 

for Crown Controls Corp., of 
New Bremen, Ohio. 

G. David Challenger, Greens- 
boro, N. C, W. Samuel Yancy, 
Camp Pendleton, Calif., David 
M. Sanford, Beaver, W. Va., 
Carol Bell Runyan (Mrs. Thomas 
E.) Ft. Ord, Calif., Ann Mc- 
Namara Mclntyre (Mrs. Fred H., 
Jr.), Lexington, N. C, Bruce G. 
Leonard e., Raleigh, N. C, 
Elizabeth Mraz Bunn (Mrs. 
Spruill G.) r.n., Rocky Mount, 
N. C, Milton T. Mann B.D., 
Goldsboro, N. C, Edgar B. 
Fisher, Jr. ll.b., Greensboro, 
N. C, William McDonald M.D., 
Indian Rocks Beach, Fla., and 
Mary Adams Dudley (Mrs. Alden 
W., Jr.) ph.d. (Botany), Madi- 
son, Wise, are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 

MARRIED: Eleanor Mae 
Flanagan a.m. to Philip L. Branch 
on Sept. 6, 1968. Residence: 
Durham, N. C. 

BORN: A son to Henry V. 
Barnette, Jr., and Mrs. Barnette, 
Raleigh, N. C, on July 12. 

Third daughter to Andrew H. 
Borland, Jr., and Mrs. Borland, 
Severna Park, Md., on July 14. 
Named Margaret Anderson. 

First child and daughter to 
Douglas M. McKnight and Mrs. 
McKnight, LaJolla, Calif., on 
April 7. Named Amy Elizabeth. 

Third son to Kay Sprenkel 
Robinhold (Mrs. Daniel G., HI) 
b.s.n. and Mr. Robinhold, Den- 
ver, Colo., on Sept. 10, 1968. 
Named Curtis Hayes. 

A son to Patti Peyton Truitt 
(Mrs. Robert B.) and Mr. Truitt, 

West Lafayette, Ind., on May 31. 
Named Theodore Owen. 

A son to Chaplain Arthur 
John Wilson, III (b.d. '65) and 
Mrs. Wilson, West Point, N. Y., 
on July 21. 


Kenneth A. Byrd, who re- 
ceived the ph.d. in mathematics 
from North Carolina State Uni- 
versity at Raleigh in May, joined 
the faculty at UNC-G as an as- 
sistant professor of math in 
September. He, his wife, Peggy 
McLarty Byrd '61, a kindergar- 
ten teacher and graduate student 
while they were in Raleigh, and 
their young son are living in 

Robert H. Chambers, III, re- 
ceived the ph.d. degree in Amer- 
ican civilization from Brown 
University in June. He has an 
appointment as Dean of Daven- 
port College, Yale University, 
where he is also on the faculty 
of the English department teach- 
ing in American studies. 

James W. Fowler, HI, a can- 
didate for the ph.d. at Harvard, 
is Director of Continuing Edu- 
cation in the Harvard Divinity 
School for the current year. Dur- 
ing 1967-68 he served as a teach- 
ing fellow in the Department of 
the Church, and last year he was 
director of research and opera- 
tions at Interpreters' House, a 
center for continuing education, 
in Lake Junaluska, N. C. 

"Victoria's Closet," a Durham 
women's store which sells medi- 
um-priced to better dresses at 
wholesale prices, was featured in 

Duke University Basketball Clinic for Boys 

Duke Coach Bucky Waters, Director 

Make your son happy this Christmas. With a gift that 
will make him happy again next summer. Reserve a place 
for him in the Duke University Basketball Clinic for 
Boys. You have four choices: June 14-19, June 21-26, 
August 2-7, and August 9-14. 

The entire Duke coaching staff will participate. As well as 
outstanding high school coaches and these special guests : 

Jeff Mullins, San Francisco Warriors 

Billy Cunningham, Philadelphia 76'ers 

Jerry Lucas, Cincinnati Royals Mike Lewis, Pittsburgh Pipers 

Bob Verga, Carolina Cougars Jack Marin, Baltimore Bullets 

Sam Jones, Boston Celtics and Federal City College 

Expert supervision as well as expert coaching while your son lives 
and plays on campus. Ages 9-17. High school graduates not ac- 
cepted. For further information and an application form, please 
mail the attached coupon. 


Please send me further infor- 
mation and an application form 
for the Duke University Basket- 
ball Clinic for boys. 



; Telephone: 

| Age of Applicant: 

Coach Waters 

Duke University 

Basketball Clinic for Boys 

Box 4704 

Duke Station 

Durham, N.C. 27706 


Spare-Time Moneymakers of the 
Ladies' Home Journal in Au- 
gust. It is the business of Lois 
Copeland Funderburk, wife of 
M. Laney Funderburk '60, Duke's 
Alumni Secretary, and Mrs. Al 
Buehler, the wife of the Duke 
track coach. Both husbands help 
on occasion and all enjoy the 

Timothy R. Hickey b.d., min- 
ister of Embury United Meth- 
odist Church, Birmingham, 
Mich., received the ph.d. in the 
field of speech from the Univer- 
sity of Michigan in August. 

Roy J. Bosstock, Rye, N. Y., 
Jared W. Butler, Kokomo, Ind., 
Clayton O. Pruitt, Indianapolis, 
Ind., Harriet Daniel Banzet (Mrs. 
Julian E. Ill), Warrenton, N. C, 
Ann Meachum Speer (Mrs. G. 
William III), Atlanta, Ga., J. 
Lee Sammons e., Washington, 
D. C, Patricia Ann Flatter R.N., 
Silver Spring, Md., W. Hewlett 
Stith, Jr., b.d., Richmond, Va., 
Ralph R. Wickersham ll.b., Jack- 
sonville, Fla., Alden W. Dudley, 
Jr., M.D., Madison, Wise, and 
John S. Pruner a.m. (History), 
Durham, N. C, are serving as 
Class Agents during the 1969-70 
Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Grace Anne Mur- 
ray to Robert H. Carter on June 
9. Residence: Durham, N. C. 

BORN: Second son to Pa- 
tricia Elstrom Bashaw and John 
D. Bashaw ph.d. '64, Chapel 
Hill, N. C, on Nov. 20, 1968. 
Named Gregory Jon. 

A son to M. Eugene Kendall 
fM.D. '67) and Elizabeth Ken- 
nedy Kendall b.s.n. '66, Durham. 
N. C, on June 2. Named Eric 

Second son to Capt. K. Stephen 
Mohn, U.S.A.F and Mrs. Mohn, 
Rockville, Md. Named Andrew 

First child and daughter to 
Dawn Stuart Weinraub (Mrs. 
Bernard M.) and Mr. Weinraub, 
Potsdam, N. Y., on May 20. 
Named Claire Stuart. 


Capt. Earl W. Brian, Jr. 
fM.D. '66) was awarded three 
medals, the "Silver Star," "The 
Air Medal for Heroism," and 
"The Bronze Star Medal," for 
gallantry in action while serving 
as battalion surgeon of the 228th 
Aviation Battalion, First Cal- 
vary Division, in Vietnam. The 
son of Blanche Barringer Brian 
'22, a.m. '31, and the late Earl 
W. Brian '31, m.d. '35, Captain 
Brian and his wife, Jane Lang 
Brian '65, are presently in Tuc- 
son, Ariz. 

On July 1, J. William Futrell 
fM.D. '67), who completed his 
first year of residency in general 
surgery at Western Reserve, be- 
gan two years of surgery and re- 
search at the Cancer Institute 
of the National Institutes of 
Health in Washington. He and 
his wife, Anna Pickrell Futrell 
'65, are making their home in 
Bethesda, Md. 

Robert L. Heidrick of Des 
Plaines, 111., is area sales man- 
ager for 13 midwestern states 
for dietary products, American 
Hospital Supply. 

Wm. Gary High is with the 
personnel department of Pontiac 
Motor Division, and he and Mrs. 
High live in Drayton Plains, 

A. Everette James, Jr., M.D. is 
chief resident in the department 
of radiology at Massachusetts 
General Hospital and is a teach- 
ing fellow at Harvard Medical 

Alan K. Kuhn, who received 
the M.S. degree in hydrogeology 
from Colorado State University 
last June, is working on a ph.d. 
in engineering geology at the 
University of Illinois. He and his 
wife, the former Sue Ellen Butler 
of Columbus, Ohio, live in Ur- 

G. Wesley Lockwood has a 
ph.d. in astronomy from the Uni- 
versity of Virginia and is an 
astronomer at Kitt Peak National 
Observatory, Tucson, Ariz. 

Charles B. Waud is practicing 
law in Haliburton, Ontario, Can- 
ada. His wife, Betsy Smith 
Waud, teaches high school 
French, also in Haliburton. 

W. Barker French, Chicago, 
111., David S. Johnson, Point 
Pleasant, N. J., James W. Pick- 
ens, Jr., Orangeburg, S. C, San- 
dra Jo Harrison, Washington, 

D. C, Barbara Proctor Smith 
(Mrs. Robert E.), Raleigh, N. C, 
Edward W. Snyder E., Scotia, 
N. Y., Kathryn Christensen Gan- 
non (Mrs. Robert C.) R.N., 
Wheaton, Md., Garland B. Ben- 
nett b.d., Fuquay-Varina, N. C, 

E. Lawrence Davis ll.b., Win- 
ston-Salem, N. C, Robert E. 
Cline M.D., Durham, N. C, Bruce 
R. Roberts ph.d. (Forestry), 
Greensboro, N. C. Maxwell L. 
McCormack, Jr., m.f., Shelburne, 
Vt., Lois E. Follstaedt M.A.T., 
Seneca, Pa., and Philip C. Smith 
m.s. (Engineering), Dickinson, 
Texas, are serving as Class 
Agents during the 1969-70 Loy- 
alty Fund. 

MARRIED: Susan Hetzler to 
Roland F. Straten M.E. on June 
7. Residence: New York City. 

Nancy Anne Pell to James M. 
Swan in August. Residence: Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

Eugene R. Sullivan, Jr., a.m. 
to Mary Anne Diefenbach on 
June 7. Residence: Bronxville, 
N. Y. 

BORN: A daughter to Wil- 
liam Hutchinson m.d. and Sally 
Ambler Hutchinson b.s.n. '64. 
Gainesville, Fla., on June 4. 
Named Lara Ambler. 

A son to Ruth Crandall Sloan 
and C. Hamilton Sloan, Eliza- 
beth City, N. C, on Sept. 24, 
1968. Named C. Hamilton, Jr. 


Donald A. Douglas, a spe- 
cialist in international business, 
is with the law firm of Frolick 

6 Black, San Francisco, Calif. 
Madonna Ann Ellis is the wife 

of Allen F. Browne, a medical 
student at George Washington 
University. She received a Mas- 
ter of Science degree in micro- 
biology in February from George 
Washington University, where she 
is currently a third year medical 
student and secretary of the Wil- 
liam Beaumont Medical Society. 

Richard P. Guelcher, a high 
school math teacher in Deerfield, 
111., has the M.S. degree from the 
University of Wisconsin 

Gordon D. Livermore, Jr., and 
Kathryn Ann Vale Livermore 
'65 are graduate students at Yale 
University. They have a two- 
year old daughter, Amy. 

Anne Ransey McPherson (Mrs. 
Henry C, Jr.), her husband, who 
is an audit manager for Price 
Waterhouse & Co., in Atlanta, 
and their year ok', son live in 
Doraville, Ga. Since leaving 
school, Mrs. McPherson has been 
a high school English teacher in 
Bakersfield, Calif., for two years, 
and a systems engineer for IBM 
Corp. in Atlanta for two years. 

Peter K. Nunez has been 
elected editor-in-chief of Volume 

7 of the San Diego Law Review, 
University of San Diego School 
of Law, San Diego, Calif. He is 
a candidate for the J.D. degree 
in the class of 1970. 

Nancy Dunn Ricketts (Mrs. 
James B.). whose husband is in 
the Navy, will be in Japan for 
the next 2Vi years. 

Greig Toms Yarger E.E., who 
has the m.b.a. degree from the 
University of Chicago, is vice 
president of South Bend Neon 
Co., Inc. He and Mrs. Yarger 
live in South Bend, Ind. 

Stuart G. Barr, New York, 
N. Y., C. Richard Epes, Birming- 
ham, Ala., Jack C. Rubenstein, 

Mattes (Mrs. Charles M.), High 
Point, N. C, Suzanne Grone- 
meyer Carpenter (Mrs. Randle 
B., Jr.), New York, N. Y., Ray 
L. Cox e., Greensboro, N. C, 
Antoinette Raub Hart (Mrs. John 
C.) r.n., Rocky Mount, N. C, 
Ingram C. Parmley b.d., South- 
ern Pines, N. C, Walter W. 
Pyper, Jr., ll.b., Farmington, 
Mich., James W. Turner, Jr., 
m.d., Durham, N. C, Fred W. 
Sandusky d.ed., Wake Forest, 
N. C, and Parma Tuten Holt 
(Mrs. Robert C, Jr.) A.M. (Ro- 
mance Languages), Silver Spring, 
Md., are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 
MARRIED: Dr. Rodwell F. 
Davis to Petra Guldner on April 
12. Residence: Norfolk, Va. 

Frances B. Halla to Arthur 
Bierwirth, Jr., on March 30. 
Residence: Wiesbaden. Germany. 
BORN: A son to Nancy Dai- 
ley Beasley and Robert L. Beas- 
ley, High Point, N. C, on July 
6. Named Robert Christopher. 

Second child and first daugh- 
ter to W. Erwin Fuller ll.b. and 
Mrs. Fuller, Greensboro, N. C, 
on April 7. Named Mary Mar- 

A son to Ruth Lilly Nicholas 
and Peter M. Nicholas, Weston, 
Mass., on April 27. Named 
Peter Michael, Jr. 

First child and son to Susan 
Hunyadi Rodgers (Mrs. W. Clay- 
ton) and Mr. Rodgers, Apex, 
N. C, on Oct. 27, 1968. Named 
Philip Thomas. 


Samuel W. Anderson th.m. 
is Director of the Teaching In- 
ternship Program of the Wood- 
row Wilson National Fellowship 
Foundation, Princeton, N. J. 
Prior to assuming this position in 
August, he was minister of The 
Congregational Church of Man- 
hasset, L. I., N. Y. 

William C. Hough, Jr., grad- 
uated from San Fernando Valley 
Law School in June and is an 
account executive with Wall 
Street Consultants in Los An- 
geles. He lives in Saugus, Calif. 

C. Reid Melton served in the 
Peace Corps (India) from 1965 
to 1967, and is currently com- 
pleting the Master of Regional 
Planning degree at Cornell. 

During the spring months Lt. 
(jg) Gary Y. Witzenburg M.E. of 
Shaker Heights, Ohio, received 
a number of honors. Presently 
stationed at the Naval Air Sta- 
tion, Pensacola, Fla., he was 
named the Academic Training 
Student of the Month for April, 

Cincinnati, Ohio, Harriet Austin was included on the Captain's 






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List for his outstanding ground 
school averages, and was a VT-2 
Outstanding Flight Support Stu- 
dent of the Week in February. 
In the same month he was 
awarded second place in the 
black and white photography 
category at the NAS art show, 
and the following month won 
first place in the Whiting Of- 
ficer's Club talent contest for his 
folk singing. 

O. Randolph Rollins, Rich- 
mond, Va., Kenneth C. Bass III, 
Alexandria, Va., Craig W. Worth- 
ington, Chicago, 111., Emilia 
Saint-Amand Harley (Mrs. Colin 
E.), New York, N. Y., Ann Mace 
Carlton (Mrs. Richard H.), Alex- 
andria, Va., John C. McCIain, 
Jr., e.. Annandale, Va., Annette 
Chamblee Cowan (Mrs. Robert 
S.) r.n., Wilmington, N. C, J. 
Paul Davenport B.D., Oteen, 
N. C, Charles L. Bateman ll.b.. 
Burlington, N. C, Edgar J. San- 
ford m.d., Norfolk, Va., and 
Rosalie Prince Gates PH.D. (His- 
tory), Roxboro, N. C, are serv- 
ing as Class Agents during the 
1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Betsy Caudle to 
Joseph C. Lowman on Aug. 11, 
1968. Residence: Greensboro, 
N. C. 

Judson D. DeRamus, Jr., to 
Sarah Lane Ivey. Residence: 
Clinton, N. C. 

Susan K. Dittman to Jean- 
Yves Thobois on July 19. Resi- 
dence: Antony. France. 

Doloris Ann Fincher to Wil- 
liam R. Learmonth on Aug. 2. 
Residence: Toronto, Canada. 

Karen Gittings to Lieut. Doyle 
E. Winters, U.S.N, on Aug. 24, 
1968. Residence: Severna Park, 

Wesley B. Grant to Harriet A. 
Hollingsworth on Aug. 16. Resi- 
dence: Kannapolis. N. C. 

Dr. Henry John MacDonald 
tn Linda Louise Wolff on Aug. 
16. Residence: Charleston, S. C. 

Elizabeth Wilson Randall to 
Robert B. David on April 5. Resi- 
dence: Goldens Bridge, N. Y. 

BORN: Second son to Judith 
Rodriquez Dibbs (Mrs. David 
M.) and Mr. Dibbs, Tampa, Fla., 
on June 1. Named Scott Wil- 

First child and son to Shep 
Henderson Foley (Mrs. Peter A.) 
and Mr. Foley, Charlotte, N. C, 
on July 15, 1968. Named Brian 

First child and son to Judith 
Conn Linn (Mrs. Norman C.) 
and Mr. Linn, Littleton, Colo., 
on Dec. 7. Named David Chris- 

First child and daughter to 

Martha Frank Rollins fM.A.T. '68) 
and O. Randolph Rollins (j.d. 
'68), Richmond, Va., on Oct. 30, 
1968. Named Mary Virginia. 


In September H. C. Hud- 
gins, Jr., d.ed. became an as- 
sociate professor of educational 
administration at Temple Univer- 
sity, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Brian E. Bovard, Midland, 
Mich., John L. Campbell, Wash- 
ington, D. C, W. Gary Romp, 
Des Moines, Iowa, Louise Dow- 
ling Rosele (Mrs. David P.), 
Baton Rouge, La., Teresa Patch 
Atherton (Mrs. John W. II), 
Reston, Va., Larry E. Norwood 
e., Greenville, N. C, Anne Sea- 
holm Wood (Mrs. Douglas S., 
Jr.) r.n., Centreville, Va., Frank 
A. Stith III b.d.. East Bend, 
N. C, Richard A. Palmer ll.b., 
New York, N. Y., Earl W. Brian, 
Jr. m.d., Sacramento, Calif., and 
Anne T. Carson m.ed., Raleigh, 
N. C, are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Dorothy Ann 
Adams B.S.N, to Dr. James L. 
Darsie on Aug. 17. Residence: 
Durham, N. C. 

James H. Brindle b.s.e.e. (M.S. 
'68) to Besse D. Moorhead B.S.N, 
on June 7. Residence: Fair- 
born, Ohio. 

Martha L. Dantzler to James 
C. Ballenger on June 28. Resi- 
dence: Durham, N. C. 

J. Thomas Davis m.ed. (d.ed. 
'68) to Harriet Cooper McCutch- 
eon on June 14. Residence: Flor- 
ence, S. C. 

Sue B. Forbes to Ritchie D. 
Watson, Jr., on June 21. Resi- 
dence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Glenn D. Fields, Jr., to Teesue 
Herring '68 on June 1. Resi- 
dence: Princeton, N. J. 

Eugene A. Frekko m.s. to Janet 
E. Hill on June 28. Residence: 
Silver Spring, Md. 

Dan W. Hill, 111, to Carol 
Susan Werber '69 on July 12. 
Residence: Durham, N. C. 

Sara Frances Moss to Robert 
A. McCowen on June 28. Resi- 
dence: Richmond, Va. 

Cameron W. Penfield c.E. to 
Janet M. Harkey on July 12. 
Residence: Greensboro, N. C. 

Elisabeth Leigh Phillips to 
Michael T. Richman on July 12. 
Residence: Newark, N. J. 

John Robert Poe, Jr., to Celia 
Mary DiCostanozo on July 19. 
Residence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

BORN: Second son to Richard 
C. Bechtel, m.d. and Mrs. Bech- 
tel, Durham, N. C, on July 15. 
Named John David. 

First child and daughter to 


Susan Jones Finley (Mrs. John 
M.) and Mr. Finley, Mendham, 
N. J., on Nov. 22, 1968. 

First child and son to Susan 
Kunz Heritage b.s.n. and Wil- 
liam Holt Heritage, Jr., Char- 
lottesville, Va., on May 25. 
Named William Holt, III. 

First child and daughter to 
Martha Elfen Jacobson and 
James C. Jacobson ll.b., Holly- 
wood, Fla., on Oct. 28, 1968. 


Lieut. Kathryn J. Stog- 
ner U.S.A. graduated from phys- 
ical therapy school last Septem- 
ber and is stationed in Denver, 

Emily H. Wyatt is teaching 
German and English in the Ra- 
leigh, N. C, public schools. 

James K. Hasson, Jr., Durham, 
N. C, Peter A. Orr, Winston- 
Salem, N. C, William E. Sum- 
ner, Durham, N. C, Virginia 
Aldridge Bailey (Mrs. Josiah W. 
Ill), Morehead City, N. C, Bet- 
sy Strawn Bullard (Mrs. Salem 
C.), Oxford, N. C, Jerry C. Wil- 
kinson e., Atlanta, Ga., Carole 
Knulson Romp (Mrs. W. Gary) 
R.N., Des Moines, Iowa, Elliott 
W. Hardin b.d., Brevard, N. C, 
John H. Lewis ll.b., Hollywood, 
Fla., Fred A. Crawford M.D., 
Holly Hill, S. C, Charles F. Fin- 
ley m.f., Richmond, Va., and 
Betty P. Cooper m.ed., Durham, 
N. C, are serving as Class Agents 
during the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Pamela Gay Alex- 
ander to Lowell Harley Gill on 
June 1. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

George E. Davis to Camilla 
H. Leggett '68 on June 20. Resi- 
dence: Memphis, Tenn. 

Thomas F. Garrity A.M. to Ann 
M. Rawding on Aug. 2. Resi- 
dence: Durham, N. C. 

Roberta Deann Harlan to A. 
Stuart McKaig, III, on June 15, 
1968. Residence: Jacksonville, 

Richard C. Taft to Cheryl 
Jean Lee on June 28. Residence: 
Carrboro, N. C. 

Grace L. Tilton b.s.n. to John 
T. Cuttino, Jr., on June 21. Resi- 
dence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

BORN: First child and son to 
Robert N. Marshall, Jr., M.D. and 
Mrs. Marshall, Durham, N. C, 
on May 14. Named Robert Nel- 
son, III. 


Stephen G. Dickerman J.D. 
is associated with the firm of 
Marshall, Bratter, Greene, Allison 
and Tucker, New York City. 

Thomas F. Taft, Chapel Hill, 
N. C, J. Stephen Sapp, Durham, 
N. C, Rodney C. Pitts, Chicago, 
111., Sara Jane Fallis, Charlotte, 
N. C, Ruth Wade Ross (Mrs. J. 
David), Durham, N. C, C. David 
White e., New York, N. Y., An- 
nette Hudson Ayer (Mrs. Fred- 
erick III) R.N., Chapel Hill, John 
K. Ferree b.d., Charlotte, N. C, 
William R. Stewart ll.b., Hud- 
son, Ohio, M. Julian Duttera, Jr., 
M.D., Atlanta, Ga., and Helen N. 
Saleeby m.a.t., Florence, S. C, 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Judith Ellen 
Abrams to Robert A. Maynes 
J.D. '69 on July 5. Residence: 
Miami, Fla. 

Lieut. Charles A. Anderson to 
Emily L. Terrell on June 7. 
Quantico, Va. 

Jo Alice Bennett to Roger M. 
Kubaruch on April 5. Residence: 
Somerville, Mass. 

//// H. Breslau to Harold Ac- 
kerstein. Residence: Arlington, 

Andrea R. Conklin to Sidney 
G. Johnston on July 5. Resi- 
dence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Albert M. D'Annunzio, Jr., to 
Frances Burford '70 in Septem- 
ber. Residence: Stillwater, Okla. 

Wilton R. Drake, Jr., to Bev- 
erly J. Miles on June 28. Resi- 
dence: Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Margaret S. Everhart to 
Charles B. Burton J.D. on Aug. 
10, 1968. Residence: Phoenix, 

Carol Farmer b.s.n. to Stephen 
M. Clarke on Sept. 7, 1968. 
Residence: Richmond, Va. 

David S. Forth to Cassandra 
I. Ritchie on June 21. Resi- 
dence: Durham, N. C. 

Sarah G. Harkrader ("M.A.T. 
'68) to Eduard H. Brau A.M. '69 
on July 26. Residence: Silver 
Spring, Md. 

Marsha Hendershot B.S.N. to 
Jeffry L. Hossellman on May 10. 
Residence: Lima, Ohio. 

James L. Highsmith, Jr., to 
Kathryn S. Hare on July 27. 
Residence: Charlotte, N. C. 

Constance Elaine Jackson to 
Karl W. Carter, Jr., on Aug. 18. 
Residence: Washington, D. C. 

Ann Elizabeth Mc Adams to 
John M. Lancaster, III, on July 
26. Residence: Falls Church, Va. 

Margaret R. McGrane to John 
R. Miller on July 20. Residence: 
Alexandria, Va. 

Michael A. Pearlman to Ann 
Gerald '69 on June 1. Residence: 
Durham, N. C. 

Tempa O. Pickard to Ronald 
J. Shearer on June 14. Resi- 
dence: Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Delores A. Randolph to George 
A. Brine on Aug. 31, 1968. 
Residence: Durham, N. C. 

Lillian C. Richards to James 
S. Wunsch on March 29. Resi- 
dence: Bloomington, Ind. 

Frances M. Shurcliff to John 
W. Worthington on June 11. 
Residence: Decatur, Ga. 

Frank J. Sizemore, 111, to 
Nancy Anne Hamm on June 7. 
Residence: Durham, N. C. 

Peter Miles Stetler E.E. to Don- 
na Spurlock on June 21. Resi- 
dence: New Orleans, La. 

Nancy Jeaneite Tribley to John 
D. Butts, Jr., on June 28. Resi- 
dence: Durham, N. C. 

Lieut. Paul W. Warlick, Jr., to 
Barbara B. Atwater on June 20. 
Residence: Asheville, N. C. 

Jeffrey W. Wilson to Sandra J. 
Lymberis '69 on June 20. Resi- 
dence: Durham, N. C. 

BORN: Second child and first 
son to James Thomas Hay and 
Mrs. Hay, Philadelphia, Pa., on 
March 18. Named Jeffery Todd. 



Peter C. English. Durham, 
N. C, James D. McCullough, 
Hendersonville, N. C, Scott L. 
Seltzer, Ft. Eustis, Va., Lila Jen- 
kins, Atlanta, Ga., Patricia Ann 
Wyngaarden, New York, N. Y., 
/. Turner Whitted E., Durham, 
N. C, Carol Gelling R.N., 
Fayetteville, N. C, Willie S. 
Teague b.d., Raleigh, N. C, 
Thomas C. Worth, Jr., LL.B., 
Raleigh, N. C, and David M. 
Waggoner m.d., Cleveland, Ohio, 
are serving as Class Agents dur- 
ing the 1969-70 Loyalty Fund. 

MARRIED: Joy A. Brown to 
Joseph P. Metz on June 22. Resi- 
dence: Graz, Austria. 

Ens. James Ray Dover, Jr., to 
Stephanie M. Bonner on June 7. 
Residence: Pensacola, Fla. 

Frances E. Harris to John V. 
Mickey m.e. on Aug. 9. Resi- 
dence: Northport, N. Y. 

Julie B. Holmquist to Christo- 
pher N. Knight on June 21. Resi- 
dence: Durham, N. C. 

Anthony Dean Morgan M.E. to 
Carol B. Drake on July 19. 
Residence: Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Roy Michael Strickland to 
Elizabeth Ann Mangum on Aug. 
3. Residence: Winston-Salem, 
N. C. 

James R. Tomes to Getty Gillis 
on June 28. Residence: Durham, 
N. C. 

George S. Vosburgh, III, to 
Joyce Jones on June 7. Resi- 
dence: Tryon, N. C. 

Ronald Lee Winkler to Carolyn 
J. Brown on June 28. Residence: 
Durham, N. C. 

• Robert A. Mayer '96 of Char- 
lotte, N. C, died on July 3 1 fol- 
lowing a brief illness. He was 
an active partner in Mayer, Pat- 
terson and Martin, insurance 
agency for the Travelers In- 
surance Co. When he retired 
from active service on Duke 
University's Board of Trustees in 
1964, he was its oldest and long- 
est-serving member, having been 
appointed in 1897. Survivors 
are his son, Dr. W. B. Mayer 
'26 of Charlotte, and several 
grandsons, including Robert A. 
Mayer II '55 and Brem Mayer, 
Jr., M.D. '60. 

• Annie Browning Brogden (Mrs. 
B. J.) '10 of Durham died on 
July 26. For a number of years 
she and her late husband owned 
and operated the Durham Mat- 
tress Co. Two daughters sur- 
vive, one of them being Rebecca 
Brogden Regan (Mrs. John P., 
Jr.) '35 of Suitland, Md. 

• Floyd S. Bennett '12 of Rich- 
mond, Va., died on Aug. 16. 
At one time a member of the 
Durham County school system, 
he later became associated with 
Liggett and Myers Tobacco Co., 
serving at offices in Durham, 
Richmond, Va., and New York 
City. After his retirement Mr. 
Bennett worked for several years 
with the Duke Department of 
Alumni Affairs. He was also a 
past president of the Duke Half 
Century Club. Surviving are five 
children, including Floyd S. Ben- 
nett, Jr., '37 of Hagerstown, Md., 
Edgar B. Bennett '45 of Bir- 
mingham, Mich., and Cynthia 
Bennett Stuart '41 of Richmond. 

• Roland L. Jones '13 of Fair- 
field, N. C, died on Oct. 19, 

• Robert M. Johnston '16 died 
on Aug. 25 following a brief ill- 
ness. After teaching at the Uni- 
versity of Oklahoma, he entered 
the newspaper business and for 
42 years was on the editorial staff 
of the Chicago Tribune. A resi- 
dent of Evanston, Mr. Johnston 
was a Loyalty Fund class agent 
for the Half Century Club of 
Duke University at the time of 
his death. 

• Col. Beverly C. Snow '16, of 
Raleigh, former district engineer 
for the Army Corps of Engi- 
neers at Wilmington and later 
North Carolina engineer for wa- 
ter resources, died on Sept. 1 at 
Veterans Hospital in Salem, Va. 
A native of Durham, Colonel 


Now Enjoy in Your Home or Office . 


The Chapel 

(Actual matted size of each 11" x 14") 

Medical School 

Sarah Duke Gardens 


College Watercolor Group 

P.O. Box 56, Skillman, New Jersey 08558 

Gentlemen : Please send me immediately the Duke 
Watercolor s indicated below, at $12.50 for the set of 
4, or $3.50 each. 

□ Please send the paintings matted, ready for framing. 
D Please send the paintings framed (with glass). 
I have enclosed the additional $4.00 per painting. 

My check or money order for $ is enclosed. 

If I am not completely satisfied, I understand I may 
return them for a full refund. 

. The Chapel 
.Medical School 

Sarah Duke Gardens 

East Campus 



City, Stale, Zip _ 

. . . Superb Sparkling Paintings 

by Peter Sawyer 

Yes! Right now you can enjoy an exciting and 
colorful new idea in decorating your family room, 
library, student's room, office — A gift to delight 
the eye and stir the spirit! 

What better time . . . the most nostalgic season 
of the year ... to treat yourself, or someone near 
you, to a rare gift that recalls the splendor of the 
campus in all its brilliance ... so universal in its 
beauty and appeal that even friends of alumni will 
be delighted to own these paintings expertly rend- 
ered with the unmatched spontaneity and freshness 
only possible with watercolors. 

Artist Peter Sawyer was chosen to do the series because 
of his unusually fine, free technique which has won him 

national recognition as 
an award -winning 
watercolorist. He has 
captured in these paint- 
ings the very essence of 




_ _____ — ~~- ~l ~ Sl 




East Campus 

Each full-color scene, 
measuring 11" x 14", 
matted, is individually 
rendered ( NOT a 
printed reproduction) 
on the finest watercolor 

The very low price of 
$3.50 for each painting 
matted and ready for 
framing (only $12.50 if 
ordered in sets of four) is possible only as an introductory 
offer of the College Watercolor Group, a gathering of expert 
watercolorists who seek to create the widest possible appre- 
ciation for the medium of watercolors — and to introduce 
you, reacquaint you, or renew your delight in the marvelous, 
spontaneous, and refreshing world of watercolors. 

For your convenience, you can also order these distinctive 
paintings framed with glass in handsome, hand-crafted 
frames of grey-brown wood with inset of soft-toned grey 
linen, delicately highlighted with inner border of gold trim, 
to add dignity and beauty to any decor and color scheme. 
These are available for an additional $4.00 per painting, 
shipping and handling charges included. 

So at a fraction of the actual value of this rare set, we 
make this initial offer— with full money-back return privi- 
leges. For a perfect gift to yourself — to alumni and friends 

An addition of distinction to any decor 

Snow was a veteran of World 
Wars I and II, and the Korean 
conflict, and had been decorated 
with a Bronze Star for valor in 
action. Surviving are his wife, 
a son, a brother, Richard W. 
Snow '14 of Clearwater, Fla., 
and a sister, Mary Exum Snow 
Ballenbeck (Mrs. C. W .) '18 of 
Charlotte, N. C. 

• Mrs. Otelia Cunningham Con- 
nor '17, a resident of Chapel 
Hill, N. C, since 1957, died on 
Aug. 6. Known as "the Univer- 
sity of North Carolina's um- 
brella-swinging good manners 
lady," Mrs. Connor patrolled the 
cafeterias and student lounges, 
mildly correcting a boy eating 
with both hands or tapping a 
pair of feet that were lounging 
on a table or desk. She was a 
regular columnist for the school 
newspaper and her views on the 
current scene were always a 
popular feature. Mrs. Connor is 
survived by a daughter and a 

• Allison B. Farmer '17, a mer- 
chant and farmer of Bailey, 
N. C, died on Aug. 3. He 
served on the local school board 
for 30 years and was a town 
commissioner for six years. In 
addition to his wife, survivors 
include a daughter, Helen Farmer 
Compe (Mrs. David) '41 of Falls 
Church, Va., and a brother, Wil- 
liam D. Farmer '30, M.D. '34 of 
Greensboro, N. C. 

• A. C. McKinnon '17 of Rocky 
Mount, N. C, died on lune 14. 
He is survived by his widow. 

• Dr. C. R. Brown '19 of Golds- 
boro, N. C, died on Sept. 30, 

• Florine T. Lewter '19, died 
on Aug. 29 following an ex- 
tended illness. She was a high 
school teacher in Roanoke 
Rapids, Oxford and Durham, 
N. C, before entering library 
work as director of the Durham 
city school libraries. During her 
latter years she held the position 
of periodicals librarian at the 
Woman's College Library of 
Duke University. A sister, Etta 
Belle Lewter West (Mrs. G. H.) 
'17 of Durham, survives. 

• George D. Presson '20, l. '23 
died on July 28. He was a resi- 
dent of Venice, Fla. 

• Blanche Moss '23 died on Aug. 
18 in High Point, N. C, where 
she made her home. A native of 
Stanley County, she was a teach- 
er for 40 years prior to her retire- 

• William F. Bailey '25, who 
headed North Carolina's prison 
system for seven years, died on 
July 25 after suffering a heart 
attack at his home in Raleigh, 
N. C. From 1946 until 1951, he 
was director of public relations 
and personnel for The Triangle 
Hosiery Co. in High Point, where 
he served as juvenile and park 
commissioner, judge of juvenile 
court and mayor. In 1951, he be- 
came director of a four-state 
region of the U. S. Office of Price 
Stabilization. Two years later he 
was named director of the State 
Civil Defense, a post he held 
briefly until the Governor ap- 
pointed him prisons director in 
1953. Survivors, in addition to 
his widow, include a son, W. F. 
Bailey, Jr. '57 of Atlanta, Ga., 
and a sister, Mrs. Margaret 
Bailey Chatham '28 of Winston- 
Salem, N. C. 

• Thomas N. Ricks '26 a former 
mayor of Mount Olive, N. C. 
and a retired produce buyer and 
fertilizer salesman, died on Sept. 
5. Survivors include a brother, 
Edgar N. Ricks '30, also of 
Mount Olive. 

• Frank M. Biggerstaff '28, A.M. 
'40 of Burlington, N. C, died on 
Aug. 8 following an extended ill- 
ness. He was a realtor with the 
firm of Biggerstaff and Beamon, 
director of Alamance Builders 
and a director of the First Fed- 
eral Savings and Loan Associa- 
tion. Surviving are his wife, a 
son and a daughter; two brothers, 
Foy E. Biggerstaff '26 and Ralph 
L. Biggerstaff '26; and a sister, 
Annie Biggerstaff Black (Mrs. 
M. L.J '31. 

• William G. Frasier, Jr., '29 a 
retired jewelry store executive of 
Durham, died Aug. 1. For a 
number of years, he owned and 
operated the Jones & Frasier Co., 
but he had been retired since 
1968. He was a past president 
of the Durham Merchants As- 
sociation. Mrs. Frasier and a 
sister survive. 

• Leo S. Disher '32, former UPI 
World War II correspondent who 
was the first civilian to receive 
the purple heart in that conflict, 
died in August. A native North 
Carolinian, he was living in 
Washington, D. C, at the time 
of his death. 

• Stough B. Gantt '33 of Dur- 
ham died on July 24 from head 
injuries sustained in a fall at his 
home. He was engaged in the 

building contracting business of 
S. O. Gantt & Sons. Surviving 
are his mother and a sister, Hazel 
Gantt Josey (Mrs. R. B.) '37 of 
Columbia, S. C. 

• Roderic O. Mullen '34, Dur- 
ham fire department captain, 
died on July 23. For the past 
35 years he had been a member 
of the fire department and he 
also had operated the firm of 
Mullen Enterprise, an electrical 
contracting business. Surviving 
are his wife, a son and several 
brothers and sisters, including 
Mrs. Edith M. Stephenson '31 
of Erwin, N. C. and Harold H. 
Mullen '33 of Columbia, S. C. 

• James R. Woods '36 of Oak 
Hill. W. Va., died on Dec. 24, 

• William V. Haymond m.d. '39 
of Porterville. Calif., died on 
May 10. 

• Gustav B. Margraf ll.b. '39, 
administrative vice president and 
director of the Reynolds Metals 
Co., Richmond, Va., died on 
July 10 following a brief illness. 
Mr. Margraf lived in Washington 
from 1942 to 1948, when he was 
with the District office of the 
New York law firm of Cahill, 
Gordon. Sonnett, Reindel and 
Ohl. He returned to Richmond 
last year from London where he 
had been managing director of 
British Aluminum Co., Ltd., for 
four years. Mrs. Margraf, a 
daughter and two sons survive. 

• Sidney L. Truesdale '39, ll.b. 
'47, a lawyer of Canton, N. C, 
died on Aug. 31. He was a mem- 
ber of the N. C. Bar, N. C. State 
Bar, and American Bar Associa- 
tions, as well as a member of the 
state bar council. In addition to 
his widow, a daughter and a son, 
survivors include a brother, 
James N. Truesdale '28, a.m. '29, 
ph.d. '36 of Durham. 

• Joe T. Adams PH.D. '45 was 
killed in the September 9 crash 
of an Alleghany Airlines DC-9 
near Indianapolis, Ind. At the 
time of his death, he was an 
associate director for Agricul- 
tural Chemicals at Union Car- 
bide's Research and Development 
Center in South Charleston, W. 
Va. A native of Dallas, Texas, 
Dr. Adams received his B.S. de- 
gree from Southern Methodist. 
He joined Union Carbide in 
1945. Surviving are his wife, 
Virginia Cox Adams '35, a daugh- 
ter, Dorothy Adams Darsie (Mrs. 
J. L.) b.s.n. '66 of Durham; and 
three sons. 

• Information has been received 
of the death of Robert D. Home 
ll.b. '48 on April 16. He was a 
resident of Cordele, Ga. 

• Lyle B. Connor m.e. '53 of 
Wetherfield, Conn., died on June 
20 following a heart attack. His 
widow survives. 

• Ralph E. Fowlkes, Jr., b.d. '53, 
pastor of the Community United 
Methodist Church of Butner, 
N. C, died in Columbus, Ohio, 
on Aug. 3, after suffering an ap- 
parent heart attack while vaca- 
tioning. Mr. Fowlkes was a 
member of the North Carolina 
Conference of the United Meth- 
odist Church, having served 
churches in eastern North Caro- 
lina for the past 21 years. In ad- 
dition to his wife, he is survived 
by a son and a daughter. 

• Henry C. Richardson, Jr., '54 
of West Palm Beach, Fla., was 
killed in an automobile accident 
on June 22. He was owner and 
operator of Henry's Drug and 
Liquor Store chain. Mrs. Rich- 
ardson, a son and two daughters 

e Stephen L. Tope, Jr. '55, m.d. 
'59 of Mercer Island, Wash., 
died on July 16. His wife, 
Diana Ray Tope '59, who sur- 
vives, is living in Decatur, Ga. 

• Pamela Elaine Cull Baker '63, 
her five-year old daughter, Kim- 
berly, and an unborn son, died 
in an automobile collision on 
May 2 near Oceanside, Calif. 
At the Clara Barton Nursery 
School, 1600 N. Acacia Ave., 
Fullerton, where Kimberly at- 
tended and where Mrs. Baker 
served as mother-teacher and 
program chairman, the mothers 
created a memorial fund to pro- 
vide tuition fees for needy chil- 
dren. Mrs. Baker is survived by 
her husband, George T. Baker, 
HI '63, who is a doctoral candi- 
didate at Duke in the Depart- 
ment of History and a member 
of the faculty at California State 
College, Fullerton, her parents 
and a brother. 

• Williai7i James McCarthy '63 
died on July 25. He was a resi- 
dent of Morgantown, W. Va., 
where his widow resides. 

• Mrs. Harriett Taylor, coun- 
selor of Giles House from 1932 
until 1954, died on July 27. 
When she retired from the Duke 
Woman's College staff, Mrs. Tay- 
lor returned to her home in Mo- 
bile, Ala., where she was living 
at the time of her death. 

This man has already helped. 
Have you? 

James B. Duke did his own share of helping in 1924 
when he gave an initial amount of S19 million for the 
construction of a new University with Trinity College 
as its nucleus. He also created The Duke Endowment. 
A percentage of endowment income was to be used 
for the operating expenses of the new institution. 
And in the 1920's that percentage went a long way. 
But today The Duke Endowment de- 
frays only 18 per cent of the Univer- 
sity's operating costs, excluding 
the operation of Duke Hospital. 
The other 82 per cent has to 
come from somewhere else. 


The "somewhere else" encompasses many sources. 
One of the major of these is the University's alumni. 
This alumni support— which comes to the University 
through the annual Loyalty Fund Campaign— is 
doubly valuable. 

First, it represents needed financial assistance. 
Secondly, these monies are not restricted to the ex- 
tent that much of the University's other support is 
restricted. The Loyalty Fund can be directed by the 
University to areas most in need. 

On September 15, sixty-seven alumni chairmen 
and a group of workers chosen by them began a Lead- 
ership Advance Gift Campaign in fifty-seven 
selected cities. To provide a firm base for the 
October 11 official opening of the 1969-70 
Loyalty Fund Campaign. 
The goal of this 1969-70 Loyalty Fund is a mil- 
lion dollars. Maybe you were contacted early by 
one of these alumni chairmen to help achieve 
that goal: 

Charles T. Alexander, Jr., '50; R. Lee Benson, Jr., '46; David B. 
Blanco '63, llb '66; Richard E. Boger '43, md '45; Emmett H. 
Bradley '49; Mrs. Marvin L. Bradley '37; Mrs. Mark Vorder 
Bruegge '50; John A. Carnahan '53, llb '55; Shirley H. Car- 
ter. Jr.. '48; Stephen H. Casey '60; Word C Clark '42; Peter 
C Coggeshall E '61; Mrs. Joseph B. Cook '44; the Samuel C 
Colwclls. III. '58; Robert E. Cowin '46; Mrs. Dana S. Creel 
'36; William C Dackis e '44; John F. Dinwoodie '59; Wil- 
liam M. Eaton '45; Dr. Louis Falkenburg "41; Randolph R. 
Few '43; Jerold A. Fink '63, llb '66; Gary C Furin llb '63; 
Robert A. Garda '61; Francis V. Gay LLB '61; Dr. Robert W. 
Gibbes '53; Charles H. Gibbs llb '39; Galen N. Griffin '62; 
Dr. A. D. Gorfain '35: Mrs. Kenneth G. Gould. Jr., '53; Robert 
G. Guy '54; James S. Hall, Jr., '53, md '57; David Hanlon '49, 
llb '51; James W. Harbison, Jr., '56; Robert L. Hazel E '50; 
Lawrence T. Hoyle, Jr., '60; George L. Hudspeth llb '53; 
Carl A. Hyldburg llb '48; Hugh G. Isley, Jr.. '51 llb '53; 
Peter C Kaufman '60: Edward L. Koffenberger '47; John 
A. Koskinen '61: William E. Magee '47, md '50; Rich- 
ard Maxwell '55; John A. McKenry, Jr., bd '43; 
Robert A. Melton '51, md '54; Guy F. Miller E '54; 
Cheston V. Mottershead, Jr., '59; Samuel Northrop 
'53; Albert Oettinger, Jr., f '66; Leon Olive 
llb '54; Mrs. A. E. Poston '25; Mrs. Richard 
Reamer '43; William G. Redmond '61; John 
E. Reese '49; William R. Schaffer '53; 
Carroll C Shoemaker, Jr., md '56; Mel- 
vin D. Small md '59; Elmer S. Tar- 
rall '35; W. Macbeth Wagnon, Jr., 
llb '59; H. Hall Ware, III, '57; G. 
Hunter Warlick llb '60; John T. 
Warmath, Jr., '51; David G. 
Warren llb '64; George 
Welch, Jr., '49, md '53; A. 
Morris Williams, Jr., '62; 
William L. Woolard '53, llb 

Did you Help? 
They did. 

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ersity's Sixth President 


the Search 

TERRY SANFORD'S qualifications 
were placed before the Duke Board of 
Trustees by a Presidential Search 
Committee composed of trustees, facul- 
ty, students, and alumni. The broad 
composition of the eighteen-member 
committee assured participation in the 
selection of a new president by persons 
other than trustees. In addition, the 
search committee invited all of the Uni- 
versity's constituencies to submit the 
names of nominees — and some 300 
eventually were submitted. 

The selection process was set in mo- 
tion last March 27 when former Presi- 
dent Douglas M. Knight resigned effec- 
tive June 30. This placed Duke on the 
list of approximately seventy universi- 
ties and four-year colleges throughout 
the country who at that time were look- 
ing for presidents. By April, Charles B. 
Wade, Jr., chairman of the Board of 
Trustees, had announced the appoint- 
ment of the search committee; and the 
search began. 

One of the early actions taken by the 
committee was to establish twelve cri- 
teria by which each nominee could be 
evaluated. These were : 

1 . Intellectual activeness and vigor. 

2. A broad university academic back- 
ground and earned doctorate, or the 
functional equivalent of these attributes 
in experience, achievement, and service. 

3. A strong commitment to excellence 
in teaching and research, and to aca- 
demic freedom and institutional in- 

4. Evidence of capacity for adminis- 
trative responsibility and creative leader- 

5. A willingness to work closely with 
a chancellor who, in turn, will bear the 
major burden of the internal adminis- 
tration of the University. 

6. Sensitivity to the aims and desires 
of students, faculty, and non-academic 

7. Ability and willingness to articu- 

late his views, as a representative of 
the academic community, both inside 
and outside that community and to 
listen to and appraise the views of 

8. Sensitivity to social and community 
problems and readiness to support those 
efforts mounted within the institution 
for their amelioration or solution. 

9. Flexibility in thinking and judg- 
ment, and the ability to place in per- 
spective the whole spectrum of activi- 
ties at Duke. 

10. Skill in communication and rela- 
tions with alumni and other constituen- 

11. Effective leadership in maintain- 
ing, increasing, and using to best ad- 
vantage the resources of the Universi- 

12. Appreciation of the importance of 
moral and spiritual values in personal 
and institutional life. 

In addition to establishing these cri- 
teria, the committee elected from its 
membership a smaller review commit- 
tee that met more frequently than the 
search committee. Dr. John C. McKin- 
ney, vice provost and dean of the 
Graduate School, was chairman of both 
groups. He also headed a research staff 
which collected information on each 

The data gathered by this staff, 
which, in addition to Dr. McKinney con- 
sisted of Dr. David V. Martin, associate 
dean of the Graduate School, and two 
assistants, was sent to the review com- 
mittee for evaluation. Although this 
group was able to make recommenda- 
tions concerning the nominees, the 
members did not have the authority to 
eliminate any name. This was done 
only by vote of the full search commit- 

Nominees were contacted only when 
Dr. McKinney was instructed to do so 
by the search committee; and such con- 
tact was made only after the most "ex- 
tensive exploration of the man," said 
Dr. McKinney. From there, he ex- 
plained, "we determined whether a mu- 
tual exploration was indicated." 

In late October, Dr. McKinney indi- 
cated in an interview that the long list 
of 300 names was being whittled down 
to a shorter list that could be recom- 
mended to the Board of Trustees. As 
the December meeting of the board 
neared, speculation and rumor about 

how many and whose names were on 
the list abounded; but Dr. McKinney 
never elaborated on a statement that he 
made during the October interview: 
there will be "multiple recommenda- 
tions," he said. 

An extra dimension was added to the 
speculation by the fact that the list of 
criteria used by the committee expressly 
stated that a future president could 
have the "functional equivalent" of a 
"broad university academic background 
and earned doctorate." This made it 
possible, said Dr. McKinney, "for the 
first time to give serious consideration 
to non-academic persons" to serve as 
president of the University. 

Certainly one of the major reasons 
for opening the president's job to some- 
one other than an academic was the 
creation last March of the chancellor's 
office. It was anticipated at that time 
that the president would serve as the 
chief executive officer of the University 
with final authority and responsibility 
for implementing policies of the Uni- 
versity as established by the trustees. 
The president also would be particularly 
concerned with the external affairs of 
the University while delegating responsi- 
bility and authority for internal affairs 
to the chancellor. Under this arrange- 
ment, the chancellor may be the one 
requiring the more strictly academic 

Of course, it remains for the board 
and the new president and a chancellor 
to establish their own working relations. 
One thing does seem certain, however. 
And that is that the relations will be 
new, for now a chancellor must be 
named — as well as a provost. 

Dr. Barnes Woodhall, who would ac- 
cept the chancellorship last March only 
on a temporary basis, and Dr. Marcus 
E. Hobbs, who is now provost, both in- 
dicated some months ago that they 
wanted to leave administrative work as 
soon as possible. Neither position could 
be filled, however, until a new president 
had been named. Not only were these 
two men two parts of the "troika" that 
administered the University between 
presidents, but Dr. McKinney had a 
commitment from the chairman of the 
board that not even any recommenda- 
tions were "to be made for chancellor 
and provost until a president is named 
and can play a major role in their se- 
lection." — H.R.J. 


Dec. '69 -Jan. 70 
Volume 55 Number 6 

In This Issue 

How the Search Committee Searched 

The Presidential Search Committee was appointed last April; soon afterward, 

its members were deluged with the names of approximately 300 nominees ■ ■■>' 

submitted by persons from all of the University's constituencies. 2 

Terry Sanford: The Sixth President 

A former governor of North Carolina, President Sanford 
created an administration known nationally for innovation 
and progress in both secondary and higher education. 

The President Meets the Press 

Mr. Sanford's first public appearance after being named 
president was at a press conference on December 14, when 
he fielded questions about education as well as politics. 6 

The Founders' Day Council Meeting 

Although the announcement of Mr. Sanford's appointment 
was easily the feature attraction at the National Council 
meeting, the council also had other important business. 

The Student Today and in the Future 
By Dr. Barnes Woodhall 

Speaking to the National Council on Founders' Day, Chan- 
cellor Barnes Woodhall surveyed some of the concerns that 
will face the president when he assumes office in April. 1 1 

A New Constitution Is Proposed 

The General Alumni Association now has a proposed new constitution which 
is reprinted in this issue, together with a ballot, for alumni consideration. 
All alumni are urged to use the ballot on the back cover. 1 3 


The University's sixth president, 
Terry Sanford, met recently with a 
longtime friend, J. Alex McMahon '42, 
president of the General Alumni 
Association, who welcomed President 
Sanford on behalf of all alumni. 
Comments from both presidents can 
be found on page nine of this issue. 

Editorial Staff 

Harry R. Jackson '57, Editor 

Caroline Carlton John '67, Assistant Editor 

Charlotte Corbin '35, Class Notes 

Department of Alumni Affairs 

Roger L. Marshall '42, Director 
Anne Garrard '25, Assistant Director 

duke alumni register is published in February, March, May, June, August, September, November, 
and December by Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27706. Subscription rate: $3.00 per year. 
Copies are sent to all contributors to the Loyalty Fund. Advertising rates upon request. Change of ad- 
dress should be sent to the Alumni Records Office, Department of Alumni Affairs, Duke University. 
Second Class postage paid at Duke Station, Durham, North Carolina. © 1969 Duke University. 

TERRY SANFORD: The Sixth President 

about the identity of the University's 
sixth president came to an abrupt end 
on December 13 with the quiet simplici- 
ty of an announcement by Charles B. 
Wade, Jr., to a Founders' Day meeting 
of the Duke National Council. "Your 
trustees," said the chairman of the 
board, "this morning have elected — and 
he has accepted the presidency — Terry 

As governor of North Carolina from 
1961 to 1965. the University's new 
president created an administration 
whose reputation is founded on its con- 
cern for education. The passage by the 
legislature in 1961 of the governor's 
Quality Education Program, and in 1963 
of the Higher Education Act, resulted in 
a 50 per cent increase in public school 
budgets and a 70 per cent rise in uni- 
versity and college budgets. More spe- 
cifically, this latter increase provided for 
the restructuring of the state university 
system, the creation of three new liberal 
arts colleges, and the establishment of 
a system of community colleges which 
now consists of twenty-five units. 

In addition, the Sanford administra- 
tion was responsible for such pilot edu- 
cation programs as the Governor's 
School for gifted children; the North 
Carolina School of the Arts; an Ad- 
vancement School for under-achieving 
students which also served as a labora- 
tory for training teachers to reach this 
type of student; and the Learning In- 
stitute of North Carolina, an organiza- 
tion designed to provide research pro- 
grams for improving education. 

As governor, Mr. Sanford was chair- 
man of the University of North Caro- 
lina Board of Trustees. He also has 
served as a trustee of Methodist Col- 
lege, where he was chairman of the 
board from 1958 to 1968, and of Shaw 
University and Berea College. He is a 
member of the Board of Visitors at 
Chowan College, Davidson College, Ap- 
palachian State University, Guilford 
College, and Wake Forest University. 

His educational concerns also are 
reflected in his membership on the Na- 
tional Advisory Council on the Educa- 
tion of Disadvantaged Children (1964- 
69), the National Advisory Board of 
the National Association for Retarded 
Children, the Executive Committee of 
the National Committee for Support of 
Public Schools, the Board of the Arts 
Council of America, the Carnegie Com- 
mission of Educational Television (1964- 
67). and the Advisory Board on Higher 
Education of the Department of Health, 
Education, and Welfare. 

Although the issue of education was 
fundamental to President Sanford's 
campaign and administration, he also 
was responsible for advances in other 
areas of the state's life. Investment in 
new and expanded industrial plants 
during his term totaled $1.2 billion, an 
investment which, according to the 
State Department of Conservation and 
Development, resulted in 120,489 new 
jobs and a $400 million increase in an- 
nual payrolls throughout the state. 

His administration's achievements 
also included the establishment of the 
North Carolina Good Neighbor Coun- 
cil, a move which helped the state at 
that time to avoid much of the racial 
strife that was then beginning to sweep 
the country. As a result of improved 
methods of prison administration and 
prisoner rehabilitation. North Carolina 
became the first state to have a de- 
clining prison population. And with the 
aid of several private foundations, Gov- 
ernor Sanford established the first state 
anti-poverty program — a year and a 
half before the national program began. 

After his term as governor. Duke's 
new president returned to private law 
practice as a member of the firm of 
Sanford, Cannon, Adams & McCullough 
in Raleigh. He also directed a two-year 
Study of American States here at the 
University to explore ways in which 
state governments could be more effec- 
tive. A book. Storm Over The States, 
describes methods for improving state 

government and the federal system. 

President Sanford is also the author 
of But What About the People?, a 
volume describing what happened in the 
field of education during his four years 
as governor. 

A lifelong resident of North Caro- 
lina, President Sanford was born in 
Laurinburg. He attended Presbyterian 
Junior College for a semester before 
transferring to the University of North 
Carolina at Chapel Hill, where he com- 
pleted his undergraduate study. He then 
attended the UNC Law School and re- 
ceived an LL.B. degree in 1946. 

He served briefly as a special agent 
with the FBI before enlisting in the 
paratroopers during the Second World 
War. When he returned from Europe, 
where he had seen action in five cam- 
paigns, he became assistant director of 
the Institute of Government at Chapel 
Hill, a position he held for two years 
before entering private law practice in 

His first entry into state politics came 
in 1949 when he was elected president 
of the North Carolina Young Demo- 
cratic Clubs. In 1953 he became a mem- 
ber of the State Senate. Then, on No- 
vember 8, 1960, he was elected 
governor. And it was not long after that 
election that North Carolina began to 
be viewed throughout the nation as a 
primary example of southern progress 
in a turbulent era of the national life. 

A Methodist, President Sanford is 
married to the former Margaret Rose 
Knight, whom he met as an undergradu- 
ate at Chapel Hill. They have two chil- 
dren, Elizabeth Knight and Terry, Jr. 

In announcing the appointment, Mr. 
Wade said, "We are extremely fortunate 
to secure as president an individual with 
so impressive a record of accomplish- 
ment as Mr. Sanford. His long standing 
interest in higher education and his 
contributions to higher education in 
North Carolina and elsewhere are well 
known. We shall welcome him with en- 

The President Meets the Press 

TERRY SANFORD'S first public ap- 
pearance as president of the University 
was at a press conference on Decem- 
ber 14, the day following the announce- 
ment of his appointment. The following 
excerpts from that conference are Presi- 
dent Sanford's spontaneous replies to 
questions asked by press representa- 
tives. In selecting questions and replies 
that we felt would be of particular in- 
terest to alumni, it was necessary in 
some instances to rearrange the se- 
quence of the questions; but the text of 
Mr. Sanford's comments was not al- 
tered except where indicated. 

QUESTION: When will you assume 
your duties? 

SANFORD: ... I would think about 
the middle of April. 

QUESTION: Do you see your func- 
tion as University president primarily 
in external relations such as fund rais- 
ing and alumni relations and so on? 

SANFORD: Well, I certainly see the 
responsibility of the president across the 
board in all University affairs, internal 
and external. Of course, a great many of 
these are delegated, both internal and 

external; but the president is the chief 
executive officer of a university and 
would have the broad responsibility for 

QUESTION: Do you plan to main- 
tain the idea of the president-chancellor 

SANFORD: I would certainly think 
so. I would think that a president that 
came here without a strong working 
chancellor would have cut off a great 
part of his resources and his capacity to 
get to everything he needs to get to. If 
you're asking if I propose changing the 
present structure, the answer is no. 
Whether in the years to come all of us 
looking at it together would want to 
adjust it or change it, I don't know; but 
right now it appears to me to be a very 
sound administrative approach. 

QUESTION: Would you comment 
on what you feel the Duke responsi- 
bility is to the surrounding Durham and 
North Carolina communities and, spe- 
cifically, do you see under your ad- 
ministration any broadening of pro- 
grams which specifically are involved 
in community work? 

SANFORD: I think any university 
has responsibilities beyond its campus. 
It's the question then for the university 
to define where that responsibility be- 
longs. I feel, without attempting to 
define a policy — which I think would 
be inappropriate today — I feel that 
any great university has immediate re- 
sponsibility for its urban surroundings, 
to do what it can. I don't mean it should 
take over the government's responsibili- 
ties. I don't mean that the entire prob- 
lem belongs to the university campus. 
. . . But I think with urban problems 
becoming the most urgent of American 
problems, that this gives us a workshop 
and an opportunity to demonstrate how 
we can do our part in meeting these 
urban challenges, and so I would de- 
fine the University's responsibility as its 
neighborhood, that is, its communi- 
ty, and specifically that means Dur- 
ham. . . . Then, I think any university 
has a responsibility to the state and 
region. I would think in the case of 
Duke that we should participate in those 
things that promote the state, but there 
are many institutions and universities 

charged with this responsibility more 
directly. I think we can have a regional 
impact which includes North Carolina 
and perhaps is more in line with the 
appropriate function of this particular 
University. Certainly we have national 
and international responsibilities in our 
scope and reach and we would continue 

QUESTION: . . . What do you hope 
to accomplish here at Duke University 
that you couldn't accomplish, say, in a 
political life? 

SANFORD: . . , I really don't think 
it's a change in the direction of what 
I'd hoped to do and set out to do. I 
think the primary need today, and 
therefore the primary opportunity for 
somebody that wants to be in the shap- 
ing of things, is really a matter of 
leadership. We need to redefine our 
national purposes. We certainly need to 
redefine our international thrust as a 
people. We need to look to the kind of 
economic development in this region 
that is going to be a necessity in the 
coming years if our people are to have 
opportunities comparable to those in the 
other parts of this nation. And then as 
we look at the other parts of the na- 
tion we see the complex, difficult situa- 
tions creating almost insoluble prob- 
lems that have come about because of, 
generally, urbanization . . . and we 
haven't quite worked out this system of 
American life. All of these things have 
been concerns of mine, and I think in a 
university setting that a person can exert 
that kind of leadership and have that 
kind of influence — which is pretty 
much what I was trying to do anyhow. 
And so, I'm still headed, I think, in the 
same direction. I would hope that we 
could provide here, because of the 
forum of this great University and the 
intellect that we have here, both in the 
faculty and the student body, that we 
could influence some of these things 
around the country and around the 
world. I think the world and the coun- 
try will have to look to universities for 
this kind of assistance. I see also a re- 
shaping of the basic purposes — if not 
the basic purposes some of the more 
apparent purposes — of universities. I 
think we're in a time when universities 

are changing their outlooks and con- 
cepts, and this, too, adds to the chal- 
lenge of being here, because we at 
Duke, I think, point the way for other 
universities. What should we be doing 
in a world of unrest and a world of 

QUESTION: In this change do you 
plan to make significant changes in the 
direction [of the University]? Will it 
take drastic innovation? 

SANFORD: I don't think so. I think 
basically Duke has been headed in the 
right direction all the time. I think half 
a dozen great private universities in this 
country, one of which is Duke, are 
headed generally in the right direction. 
I think now it's a matter of emphasis, 
now it's a matter of relating our direc- 
tion to the immediate needs of the sur- 
rounding world. I don't think we need 
to change anything drastically. I think 
we need to get on with it with a 
determination, with an open mind, with 
a feeling that some change is inevi- 
table. ... I think we cling to the past 
and the traditions and those things that 
have made us strong while relating these 
strengths to what we need to do now in 
the way of change. 

QUESTION: In view of the higher 
cost of private education, do you come 
to this office with any outlooks towards 
new funds or new sources for funding 
the University? 

SANFORD: I think, certainly, this is 
one of the great challenges. We are 
seeing a time when private colleges and 
private universities are having a difficult 
time financially, and somehow this has 
got to be resolved; the position of the 

private institution in America must be 
protected; so one of the things we're 
going to have to do [is] find these 
sources and means of adequate support 
for private institutions because we sim- 
ply cannot afford, as a nation, to see 
them fade away. I don't know specifi- 
cally where we're going to get new 
money, and if I did I would withold that 
information from other college presi- 
dents until I had tried it. 

QUESTION: Have you formulated 
an opinion on what areas of the Uni- 
versity students should have a con- 
tributing amount of participation in? 

SANFORD: Yes, I've formulated a 
good many tentative ideas. I really 
would not want to attempt to define 
them today simply because it's a little 
too complex. I think there are areas 
where the students should have a great 
deal if not all the final say as to how 
activities are carried on. I think there 
are others that the admiinstration must 
have the final word, and I think there 
are a lot of areas in between. I really 
don't think that basically I'll be involved 
in thwarting good honest student initia- 
tive. I think we can enjoy the fruits of 
that kind of effort and fresh thinking, 
and I'm not here to stifle that or to put 
anybody down. I am here to maintain 
certain basic approaches I think are 
fundamental to the longrun, but I don't 
foresee any serious differences of 
opinion there that can't be worked out. 

QUESTION: Does your acceptance 
of this position mean that you'll ir- 
revocably rule out running for political 
office in 1972? 


Mrs. Sanford watches her husband 

intently during the press conference 

held on campus on December 14. 

The Founders' Day 

Council Meeting: 

Busy and Momentous 

/ \7\/V- 

Mr. Wade prepares to announce a new Duke president. Right, John A. Forlines, Jr., '39, 
National Council chairman and alternate alumni member of Presidential Search Committee. 

ALTHOUGH THE announcement of 
Terry Sanford's election as the Univer- 
sity's sixth president was the primary 
feature of the Founders' Day meeting 
of the Duke National Council, other 
items of importance also were on the 
meeting agenda. Two of these, the pro- 
posed revised constitution of the Gen- 
eral Alumni Association and the 
Founders' Day Loyalty Fund progress 
report, were of particular interest to the 
alumni members of the council. 

C. S. Hooper '31, a member of the 
council's Executive Committee, re- 
ported that the Loyalty Fund, "in this 
its twenty-third year, is at a new Found- 
ers' Day high" in terms of both dollars 
and donors. Contributions totalling 
$445,770 had been received as of De- 
cember 13 from 7,180 donors — an in- 
crease of $133,000 over the same date 
last year with a 74 per cent increase in 
donors. "It appears," said Mr. Hooper, 
"that we are on schedule toward our 
one million dollar goal." 

Alex McMahon '42, president of the 
General Alumni Association, presented 
the council members with copies of the 

proposed new constitution of the Gen- 
eral Alumni Association. "The major 
changes," Mr. McMahon stated, "in- 
volve a new procedure for electing 
Alumni Association officers and a bet- 
ter definition of the relationship be- 
tween the Alumni Association and the 
National Council." 

The council then approved a change 
in Article V of the National Council 
Constitution to make the president-elect 
and the two vice-presidents of the Gen- 
eral Alumni Association members of the 
National Council Executive Committee. 
This change, making all elected officers 
of the association members of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee, is consistent with 
Article 4, Section 6, of the proposed 
new General Alumni Association con- 

An alumni committee, chaired by Al- 
vin O. Moore '34, LL.B. '36, spent a 
year in drafting the revised constitu- 
tion, which had been originally adopted 
in 1899 and amended only twice — once 
in 1926 and again in 1948. 

The constitution, according to Mr. 
McMahon, "has been examined and 
approved by the officers of the General 
Alumni Association, officers of the Uni- 
versity, deans of the various schools and 
colleges, by the officers of the major 
sub-organizations, and by the Executive 
Committee of the National Council." 

With this issue of the Register the 
constitution is being submitted to alum- 
ni at large for their approval, and is 
reprinted in this issue on pages 14-15 
together with a ballot on page 16. 

Mr. Hooper, in his report on the 
Loyalty Fund, gave special recognition 
to the chairmen of the Parents of Stu- 
dents Program and the Durham-Duke 
Program, Mr. W. F. Robinson of 
Greensboro and Mr. Southgate Jones 
of Durham, and the Faculty Campaign 
chairmen, Dr. Richard L. Predmore and 
Dr. Guy Odom. "Faculty participation 
is also at a Founders' Day high, with 
$20,781 having been contributed by 
238 faculty members," Mr. Hooper 

Expressing pleasure in the progress 
made toward achieving the $1 million 
goal, Mr. Hooper said the figures "in- 
dicate a loyalty to and enthusiasm for 
Duke University, the value of which 
goes far beyond just the dollar total. 
It indicates that there is among the Uni- 
versity's alumni and friends a reservoir 

of support for not only the Loyalty 
Fund but for many other University 
undertakings as well." 

Following Mr. Hooper's report, the 
chairmen of the standing committees 
of the National Council gave brief re- 
ports on two-hour meetings their com- 
mittees held earlier at the Alumni 
House. The committees and chairmen 
are : Special Occasions, William R. Win- 
ders '47, LL.B. '50 of Durham; Class 
Organizations, Frank H. Abernathy, Jr., 
'56 of Richmond, Virginia; Local As- 
sociations, Mrs. George W. Eaves '48 of 
Durham; Publications, W. Alfred Wil- 
liams '32 of Durham; Records, 
Charles A. Dukes, Jr., '56, LL.B. '57 
of Hyattsville, Maryland; and Special 
Projects, C. D. Barclift '27, BD '69 of 

The Records Committee, which ex- 
amined both Loyalty Fund and alumni 
records, recommended that the Depart- 
ment of Alumni Affairs convert to data 
processing as rapidly as possible in or- 
der to eliminate many of the problems 
which result from a primarily manual 
operation. Data processing, which the 
department has been working toward 
since 1961, would provide a more 
sophisticated and efficient system for 
such things as information retrieval and 
automatic billing. 

The Publications Committee made 
two recommendations: that the Duke 
Alumni Register and the News Regis- 
ter should be continued at present as 
alumni publications, but also that the 
publications staff should investigate the 
feasibility of combining the magazine 
and the newspaper into a single publi- 
cation which would be mailed to all 

The Local Associations Committee 
reaffirmed the importance of continu- 
ally developing the Local Association 
program to provide personal communi- 
cation between Duke and its alumni. 
They stressed the need for continuity 
of leadership in the local organizations 
and the importance of keeping the of- 
ficers informed about the University. 
Procedures and ideas were discussed to 
insure better programs and attendance 
at local meetings and to involve more 
students, parents, and younger alumni in 
local activities. 

The Special Occasions Committee fo- 
cused its attention on Homecoming, 
Founders' Day, and Alumni Weekend, 

The Alumni President and 
The Duke President-elect 

Alex McMahon '42, president of the 
Duke University General Alumni As- 
sociation, was a member of the Presi- 
dential Search Committee which, on 
Saturday, December 13, placed the 
name of Terry Sanford before the Board 
of Trustees for election as Duke's sixth 

Mr. McMahon is also an old friend 
of President-elect Sanford, having known 
him for some twenty years. 

"He was on the staff of the Institute 
of Government at the University of 
North Carolina in Chapel Hill when I 
decided to join it as I finished law school 
in the summer of 1948," he said. "While 
he was governor, I was general counsel 
for the North Carolina Association of 
County Commissioners, and we met 
many times to discuss state-county rela- 
tions. It is a personal pleasure to wel- 
come Terry to Duke. 

"I think, however, that I also speak 
on behalf of all Duke alumni when I 
welcome him into the Duke family. His 
past record gives us assurance that he 
will bring vigorous leadership to Duke 
University, and we assure him of our 
full support in the University's continu- 
ing growth and development." 

Immediate alumni reaction to Mr. 
Sanford's election was enthusiastically 

At the time Mr. McMahon and Mr. 
Sanford met for the cover picture on this 
issue of the Register, the former North 
Carolina governor spoke with emphasis 
on the subject of alumni support. 

"We need alumni involvement in the 
University," he said. "Perhaps the most 
obvious method of involvement is for 
alumni to help provide the financial sup- 
port that will insure the strength of this 
private University. No less important, 
however, is the contribution alumni can 
make by sharing their thoughts with me 
on issues which they feel are vital to 
the University's future. I welcome their 

The National Council Standing Committees 


S i 

i * 

i 1 

"1 _ 


- — a 









and encouraged the alumni department 
to continue the Homecoming program 
with a few minor changes. A second 
meeting was set for January 10 at which 
time the presidents and general class re- 
union chairmen will join the committee 
to discuss the 1970 Alumni Weekend 
program. At future dates the committee 
will examine and evaluate such re- 
stricted programs as special weekends 
for individual schools, the fall Convo- 
cation and Commencement, and 
alumni-sponsored events outside of Dur- 

The Class Organizations Committee 
endorsed the current Master Reunion 
Schedule which incorporates joint re- 
unions. Class newsletters, the commit- 
tee felt, were less important to alumni 
than being informed about University 
activities, but the members expressed 
the opinion that reunion class newslet- 
ters were most important. The commit- 
tee unanimously endorsed the chang- 
ing of Alumni Weekend to the week 
following Commencement. Suggestions 
included more alumni events off- 
campus, especially in areas distant 
from Duke, and a proposal for a semi- 
nar on a controversial subject during 
Alumni Weekend. The committee 
agreed that the two most important 
functions of the class were to get class- 
mates together periodically and interest 
them in returning to the campus. 

The Special Projects Committee in- 
troduced at the National Council a reso- 
lution, adopted at their committee meet- 
ing, that: 

"(1) The committee express to the 
Executive Committee of the National 
Council a serious concern among alum- 
ni as to the effect of the recent report 
of the committee of the Academic 
Council on the place of athletics at 
Duke, and a desire on the part of alumni 
that the alumni have the necessary in- 
formation needed to understand the is- 
sues involved, and to be advised on 
means and methods by which their 
views should be communicated to the 

(2) That the same availability of in- 
formation and opportunity to be heard 
should exist as to other issues involving 
this University." 

The resolution was passed without de- 
bate. The meeting was then adjourned 
by John Forlines, Jr., '39, chairman of 
the council. — C.C.J. 


The Student 


and in the Future 

Chancellor Barnes Woodhall 
speaking to the National Council 
at Founders' Day. His 
remarks are reprinted here. 

ni leaders, you know that we have just 
completed a day and a half meeting with 
our Board of Trustees, first with the 
Executive Committee and this morning 
with the full board. Many of our trus- 
tees are here at this luncheon. 

I might tell our guests that, without 
any comparison with the past, this is a 
very strong and lively board. The board 
is a little ahead of the faculty and the 
administration at present, although we 
hope to catch up. As one contemporary 
critic has pointed out, they are at least 
running neck and neck with our stu- 
dents, and this, in our present society, 
is a very high compliment. 

... At this time, I wish to talk about 
the student — not only of today but of 
the next thirty years. I cannot debate 
the integrity of forecasting the twenty- 
first century even though nine extraordi- 
nary books have been published on this 
matter in recent years, and these include 
some devoted to population alone. 
When one sees a 30 per cent increase 
in population, a greater than this de- 
mand for services of all kinds, the his- 
torical time-lag in which higher educa- 
tion characteristically lives, one can at 
least extrapolate from present trends. 
My excuse for this subject lies in the 
fact that the student is our product and 
the primary reason Mr. Duke estab- 
lished this University. 

In practical terms the gist of the mat- 
ter has become blatantly clear in the 
past few years — current trends show 
at least three inter-related moves that 
are interesting. 

1. Over this State there has been a 
decline in students seeking a private 
education, in total a 0.1 per cent de- 
cline. This is also a national trend. On 
the other hand, there was a 6.8 per 
cent increase in admissions to public 
institutions. In these latter, the Universi- 
ty of North Carolina at Greensboro led 
the list with a percentage growth of 
31.2 per cent in the consolidated uni- 
versity. In the private and senior group, 
Duke University ranked sixth with a 
growth rate of 5.6 per cent counting full- 
and part-time students. Guilford Col- 
lege, Gardner-Webb College, Shaw Uni- 
versity, St. Augustine College, and 
Warren-Wilson College headed this list 
in that order. 

On the negative side there continues 
to be a decline in North Carolina ap- 
plications to Duke University, and at the 
same time an increase in acceptances 
of such applicants. For example, in 
1969, 72.4 per cent of North Carolina 
applicants were accepted as compared 
to 46.3 per cent in the Southeast and 
38.9 per cent from all other areas. The 
University, then, has made a special 
commitment to North Carolina student 

As Dr. Robert H. Ballantyne, our di- 
rector of undergraduate admissions, has 
said, the situation today is such that an 
able student from another part of the 
country needing no financial aid may 
be refused admission, whereas a student 
with similar or perhaps lower qualifica- 
tions from North Carolina will be ac- 
cepted. Only 34 per cent of North Caro- 
lina applicants did not request financial 

aid, whereas, for example, 66 per cent 
of New York applicants did not request 
financial aid. 

Beyond this simple point, this Uni- 
versity, even with its high academic 
standards, must give some growing part 
of its attention to the high-risk appli- 
cant with great potential, applicants 
that I have seen many times because I 
have an inbred interest, for example, in 
the peripheral areas of this state. The 
magnitude of the problem has been in- 
creased in some part by our admission 
of non-white students. The transitional 
summer school session is a step in the 
right direction. In summary, then, of a 
very complex issue, we cannot close 
our doors to today's Horatio Alger stu- 
dent, be he or she white or non-white. 

2. The next trend is actually an estab- 
lished fact. The costs of private educa- 
tion have escalated and are in direct 
conflict with our present resources. The 
same cost escalation per unit is present 
in public universities to whom tax re- 
sources are available. On the positive 
side, we have just completed a develop- 
ment program quite unique for Duke. 
Although we may not use a similar 
structure, continuing development is a 
must for our very existence. 

3. Although a substantial number of 
students will seek an education at 
Duke, a different set of questions need 
to be asked in the very near future. 
The background for the need is com- 
posed of at least these points: 

A. Speaking to the undergraduate 
area alone, the number of applicants in 
the past four years has remained rea- 


sonably static — it does not show any 
growth trend. 

B. There is a rapid growth of public 
universities — not only in this state — 
characterized by the addition of satel- 
lite or regional units. Public education 
is responding then to present and 
anticipated population growth. What 
should be or what can be our response? 

C. Public higher education here and 
elsewhere is responding to still another 
of the several major predictions made 
for the year 2000, i.e., an enormous 
growth in old and in new, sophisticated 
types of services. They are responding 
with curricular changes — quite differ- 
ent from the original land grant design. 
Of the latter variety, one might mention 
studio art, radio-T.V. or modern com- 
munications, drama, applied music, 
journalism, and computer sciences. 
What should be or can be our contribu- 
tions in such areas? 

D. It seems clear at this moment 
that many students interested in some of 
the undergraduate areas do not perceive 
substantial differences between the 
course offerings at Duke and at state 
institutions, particularly when costs are 
compared. This finding poses some 
hard choices with, however, alternative 

Lasdy, some evidence indicates that 
the image and the program offerings of 
this University are not clear to the ap- 
plicant student. Beyond the public rela- 
tions question, which is in the process 
of correction, the basic issue is this: 
what do we do well and what do we 
do indifferently? — at this time and to 
the year 2000. It should be, of course, 
a day-by-day issue, and it is and has 
been in the past. I reiterate my major 
thesis that available time, energy, and 
resources are now vividly compressed. 

The undergraduate students in resi- 
dence fall into at least three indistinct 
groups — and these may be at times 

The first is concerned with the physi- 
cal and natural sciences, and this path 
is reasonably untroubled. The second is 
devoted to the social and political 
sciences, and these are of growing in- 
terest. The third is less visible and 
somewhat more reticent in informal dis- 
cussion. I might add that all of us are 
spending substantial time in such dis- 

A mixed group says loudly that the 

University fails at the point of immedi- 
acy issues — the Vietnam war, pover- 
ty, racism, and the community. I agree 
with them. Anyone with a respectable 
liberal education knows that we have 
always failed at preventing war, and 
poverty, and of understanding human 
values. I admire their determination; 
and although I am on thin ice, I ask 
are they receiving or are they turning 
away from a liberal education? Or, on 
the other hand, are there proper oppor- 
tunities for what might be called a semi- 
nar on the history of issues of im- 
mediacy. The most recent of many such